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陕西省2013年高考英语二轮复习 专题升级训练卷十三 完形填空(三)

2013 年高考第二轮复习英语陕西版 专题升级训练十三 完形填空(三)
A Last night I was driving from Harrisburg to Lewisburg,a __1__ of about eighty miles.It was late and I was in a hurry.However,if anyone asked me how fast I was __2__,I'd say I was not over?speeding.Several times I got __3__ behind a slow?moving truck on a narrow road,and I was holding my fists tightly with __4__. At one point along an open highway,I __5__ a crossroads with a traffic light.I was alone on the road by now,but as I __6__ the light,it turned red and I braked to a stop.I looked left , right and behind me.Nothing.No cars ,no suggestion of headlights,but there I sat,waiting for the light to __7__,the only human being for at least a mile in any __8__. I started __9__ why I refused to run the light.I was not afraid of being __10__, because there was obviously no policeman around,and there certainly would have been no __11__ in going through it. Much later that night,after I __12__ a group of my friends in Lewisburg and climbed into bed near midnight,the question of why I'd stopped for that light __13__ me.I think I stopped because it's part of a contract(合同)we all have with each other.It's not only the __14__,but it's an arrangement we have,and we trust each other to __15__ it:we don't go through red lights.Like most of us,I'm more likely to be __16__ from doing something bad by the social convention that __17__ it than by any law against it. It's amazing that we ever __18__ each other to do the right thing,isn't it? And we do,too.Trust is our __19__ preference. I was so __20__ of myself for stopping for the red light that night. 1.A.flight B.distance C.road D.length 2.A.thinking B.driving C.complaining D.running 3.A.stopped B.changed C.stuck D.lost 4.A.horror B.strength C.understanding D.impatience 5.A.ran off B.came to C.passed by D.left behind 6.A.passed B.watched C.approached D.found 7.A.stop B.change C.turn D.die 8.A.way B.side C.city D.direction 9.A.wondering B.suspecting C.struggling D.regretting 10.A.abused B.fined C.injured D.killed 11.A.danger B.sign C.time D.record 12.A.met with B.got over C.got rid of D.called back 13.A.turned out to B.came back to

D.occurred to B.suggestion D.order B.solve D.judge B.protected D.frightened B.stands by D.disapproves of B.trust D.care B.first D.living B.doubtful D.proud B Recently,I stopped by a convenience store to get a newspaper and a bottle of drink.The young woman at the check?out __1__ said,“That'll be five dollars in all please.” She then __2__ down at the paper I was buying and said,“I'm __3__ all these negative(消极的)words on the front pages.I want to read some __4__ news for a change.”She then said,“__5__,I think someone should just __6__ a good news newspaper—a paper with wonderful , inspirational __7__ about people overcoming difficulty and doing good things for others.”She __8__ me for coming in and said, “Maybe we'll get some good news,”and she __9__.She made my day. The following day after my business appointments,I __10__ the same store again to pick up bottled water and a newspaper,but a __11__ young lady was behind the counter.As I checked out I said,“Good afternoon” and __12__ her my money.She said nothing—not a word,not a smile or not __13__.She just gave me my change and __14__ a negative tone ordered “Next!” It __15__ me right between the eyes:Two people,the same age;one made me feel __16__,but the other,well,made me feel that I had inconvenienced her by __17__. Every morning,you should ask __18__ this important question:“Who do I want to be today?‘The Grouch(不高兴的人)’or ‘The Good News Girl’”?Your answer will go a long way toward __19__ the joy and happiness that you will experience in your __20__. 1.A.bed B.counter C.table D.shop 2.A.put B.got C.glanced D.turned 3.A.tired of B.interested in C.careful about D.fond of 4.A.latest B.good C.interesting D.real 5.A.In fact B.As usual C.However B.By the way 6.A.collect B.print C.sell D.publish 7.A.stories B.ideas C.pictures D.habits 8.A.told B.thanked C.praised D.congratulated

C.referred to 14.A.virtue C.law 15.A.honor C.break 16.A.stopped C.rejected 17.A.speaks of C.takes in 18.A.suspect C.teach 19.A.only C.lucky 20.A.sorry C.sure

B.agreed D.pointed B.stood by D.took in B.different D.stupid B.passed D.showed B.movement D.problem B.at D.in B.hit D.saw B.sad D.disappointed B.going away D.showing off B.them D.themselves B.determining D.forming B.office D.life C (2012·四川自贡一诊) Two minds with a single thought! The young fisherman is thinking of a way to cross the stream without getting his __1__wet.The engineer is thinking of a __2__ to get automobiles across the river without getting their wheels wet.You know the answer to __3__ problems:a bridge. The fisherman's bridge doesn't take __4__ to build.Just place a board across the little stream and you __5__.If the board is strong enough and if the fisherman doesn't __6__ too much,all will be well. Will the engineer __7__ the same kind of bridge?You know he __8__ and you know why.Automobiles are much heavier than __9__.The river is much __10__ than the stream.A long wood bridge just won't __11__.It isn't strong enough.It would __12__ and break under its own weight.The fisherman's problem is very __13__.However,the engineer's is not. But don't __14__ sorry for the engineer.He doesn't have to __15__ the very beginning with a long board.People have been thinking about bridges for thousands of years.They have designed many types of bridges.Each bridge is suited to its special __16__.The engineer can choose the type best suited to the river and the __17__ nearby. What choice does he have,and why is one __18__ than the others?One way for you to find out is to make a few bridges out of cardboard.They won't be strong enough to __19__ a five?ton truck,but you will find out some of the main __20__ of bridge design by doing some experiments. 1.A.clothes B.socks C.legs D.feet 2.A.road B.route C.way D.course 3.A.all B.both

9.A.did C.laughed 10.A.dropped by C.brought in 11.A.beautiful C.clever 12.A.carried C.handed 13.A.gesture C.shake 14.A.for C.through 15.A.caught C.pushed 16.A.great C.excited 17.A.moving on C.showing up 18.A.her C.yourself 19.A.creating C.sharing 20.A.home C.study

C.none D.neither 4.A.long B.easy C.money D.strength 5.A.have it B.find it C.try it D.see it 6.A.want B.work hard C.care for it D.weigh 7.A.promote B.permit C.plan D.profit 8.A.will B.won't C.can D.cannot 9.A.cars B.trucks C.animals D.people 10.A.wider B.deeper C.more shallow D.more popular 11.A.do B.make C.pass D.arise 12.A.break out B.bring up C.bend D.burst 13.A.similar B.simple C.single D.skillful 14.A.believe B.think C.feel D.realize 15.A.deal with B.do with C.end with D.start from 16.A.types B.purpose C.shapes D.results 17.A.land B.lake C.mountain D.area 18.A.longer B.cheaper C.more expensive D.more suitable 19.A.convey B.calculate C.carry D.classify 20.A.usage B.ideas C.attempts D.factor


参考答案 A 1. 答案:B 解 析 : 哈 里 斯 堡 ( Harrisburg ) 和 路 易 斯 堡 ( Lewisburg ) 两 个 地 方 之 间 的 “ 距 离 (distance)”大约是八十英里。D 项表示“长度”,语意不恰当。 2. 答案:B 解析:本段开头部分提到作者当时开车行驶在两地之间,所以此处描述的是“开车”的 速度。 3. 答案:C 解析:在一条狭窄的道路上,作者好几次被前面一辆行驶缓慢的卡车“困住”了,即无 法超车。 4. 答案:D 解析:根据本段第二句的内容可知作者当时急于赶路,所以非常“不耐烦地”握紧了拳 头。 5. 答案:B 解析:在一条开阔的公路上,作者“来到(came to)”了一个有交通灯的十字路口。 6. 答案:C 解析:当“靠近(approached)”交通灯时,灯变成了红色,作者于是踩了刹车。 7. 答案:B 解析:作者坐在那里,等待交通灯“变成”绿色。 8. 答案:D 解析:上文提到作者环顾左右和后面,但是一片空荡荡,由此可知作者是至少一英里之 内任何一个“方向”中唯一的人。 9. 答案:A 解析:虽然当时四周没有一个人,可是作者仍然没有闯红灯,于是作者开始“疑惑”自 己这样做的原因。后三项分别表示“怀疑”“挣扎”“遗憾”,均不符合语境。 10. 答案:B 解析:作者不害怕被“罚款”,因为四周没有交警。fine“处??以罚金”,符合语境。 11. 答案:A 解析:由于当时周围没有人,闯红灯当然不会有“危险”。 12. 答案:A 解析:在当晚的晚些时候,作者“见到”了一群朋友。后三项分别表示“克服”“摆 脱”“回电话”,都不符合语境。 13. 答案:B 解析:上一段的开头部分提到作者不知道自己当时为什么没有闯红灯,此时作者又“回 想起”这个问题。 14. 答案:C 解析:作者认为自己之所以停下来是因为这是“我们”所有人彼此之间合同的一部分, 它不仅仅是“法律”,而且是“我们”达成的协定。此外,第 17 空后面的 law 也是线索提示。 15. 答案:A 解析:“我们”彼此信任对方会“执行”这一协定:“我们”不闯红灯。honor 表示“信 守,执行”,符合语境。 16. 答案:A 解析:像“我们”中的大多数人一样,作者更可能被社会惯例“制止”做被其认为是不 好的事情。后三项分别表示“保护”“拒绝”“害怕”,均不符合语境。 17. 答案:D 解析:相对于被法律制止做些不正确的事,作者更倾向于被社会惯例制止住。disapprove of“不赞成”。前三项分别表示“谈及”“支持”“吸收”,均不符合语境。 18. 答案:B 解析:“我们”总是彼此“信任(trust)”对方去做正确的事情,这非常令人惊奇。此 外,第 15 空前面的 trust 以及第 19 空前面的 trust 都是线索提示。

19. 答案:B 解析:作者强调彼此之间应该互相信任,这是“我们”的第一选择。 20. 答案:D 解析:作者通过深思感悟到当时的行为非常正确,为那天晚上没有闯红灯感到无比“自 豪”。

B 1. 答案:B 解析:从下文第 11 空后的 counter 可知,此处表示“收银台”,故选 B 项。 2. 答案:C 解析:她向我买的报纸瞥了一眼(glanced)说:“我早就厌烦了(tired of)头版那些 消极的消息了,我想读些好(good)消息,换换口味。”这里 glance at 是固定词组,表示 “对??看一眼,瞥见”。 3. 答案:A 解析:根据下文说“想换换口味”可知,这里应是指已经厌倦了现在的头版消息。 4. 答案:B 解析:参见第 2 题解析。这里表达的意思应该与 negative 相反,所以选 good,也可从第 6 空后的 a good news newspaper 得到提示。 5. 答案:A 解析:实际上(In fact) ,“我”认为人们应该出版(publish)一种只有好消息的报纸。 6. 答案:D 解析:参见第 5 题解析。 7.答案:A 解析:报纸上讲些美好的、鼓舞人心的故事,讲述人们如何克服困难??这里用 stories 表示“故事,事情”,选 A 项。 8. 答案:B 解析:这位女收银员对“我”能够光顾她们的便利店表示了感谢,所以用 thanked。 9. 答案:C 解析:从上下文可知,“我们”告别的时候,彼此都很高兴,所以她应该是“笑着”跟 我说再见的,用 laughed。 10. 答案:A 解析:第二天,“我”又顺路经过这家店。drop by 表示“顺便经过”,stand by 表示 “站在??旁边”,bring in 表示“引进”,take in 表示“欺骗,让??进入”,根据语 意选 A 项。 11. 答案:B 解析:从上下文可知,这次的收银员不是上次的那位,用 different。 12. 答案:C 解析:作者买了报纸和水后,付钱给收银员,所以用 handed,表示“交给??”。 13.答案:A 解析:但这位收银员什么也没说,微笑也没有,甚至连一个手势都没有。所以根据上下 文,该空用 gesture,表示“手势,姿势”。 14. 答案:D 解析:in a negative tone 表示“用消极的语调”,故选 D 项。 15. 答案:B 解析:从上下文可知,这让作者非常震撼。此处 hit 表示“使某人突然意识到并感到惊 讶”。 16.答案:A 解析:从上文可知,第一位收银员让作者感觉非常好,所以用 great,但第二位收银员给 作者的感觉好像是作者的出现(showing up)给她带来了很多麻烦和不便。 17. 答案:C

解析:参见第 16 题解析。move on“向前进,继续”,go away“走开”,show off “炫 耀”,都与语境不符。 18. 答案:C 解析:从上下文可知,你每天早上都要问问自己,所以用反身代词 yourself。 19. 答案:B 解析:从语境可知,这将极大地决定(determining)你人生(life)中要经历的幸福和 快乐。determine“决定”。create“创造”,share “分享”,form“形成”,这三项都与 语境不符。 20. 答案:D 解析:参见第 19 题解析。 C 1. 答案:D 解析:这是一个常识题,即能够过小溪而不湿鞋或脚。A、B 和 C 三项虽然符合语法,但 却不合常理。 2. 答案:C 解析:工程师正在想一个办法,所以用 way,且“to get automobiles across the river without getting their wheels wet”是不定式短语作该词的定语。road “马路”;route“路 线”;way“方式,方法,办法”;course“河道,航线,过程”。 3. 答案:B 解析:前文交代了 the young fisherman 和 the engineer 这两者提出的问题,所以选择 both“两者,两者都”。 4. 答案:A 解析:take long“花费很长时间”;根据后文的“just place a board across the little stream”可知,渔夫的桥不会花很长时间就能建成。 5. 答案:A 解析:“have it”在此的意思是“达到目的,实现”。此句补全意为“只要在小溪放一 块木板就搞定了”。 6. 答案:D 解析:因为是人要过小溪,所以这个临时木板桥只要够结实,只要渔夫不那么重,一切 就没有问题,所以此处要选 D 项,weigh“称重”。 7. 答案:C 解析:根据上下文内容可知应该选择 C 项,“设计,策划”。 8. 答案:B 解析:前文问:那位工程师会计划做同样的桥吗?此空所在的句子:你知道他不会这样 做的。根据下文可知应该选择 B 项。 9. 答案:D 解析:两个人,一个人要徒步过小溪,另一个是乘车过河,所以此处应该选择 D 项,就 是说“车比人重得多”。 10. 答案:A 解析:河流与小溪比较,应该是宽得多,所以 A 项正确。如果选择 B 项,则表示小溪本 身很深,才会说河流更深。再结合下文“A long wood bridge just won't...”这部分,更 是表明这里讨论的是河流和溪水的宽度。 11.答案:A 解析:do 在此的意思是“够用,足够”,为不及物动词,补全后句意为:长的木桥还不 够。make 需和 it 搭配意为“成功”;pass 意为“通过”时是及物动词;arise“产生”,不 合逻辑。 12. 答案:C 解析:根据空后面的“and break under its own weight”可知答案为 C 项。it 指前面 的 a long wood bridge。因为木桥不够结实,那么在自身的重力下就会变弯曲甚至是断掉。 13.答案:B

解析:渔夫的问题很容易解决,但是工程师的就不那么简单了。根据句意可知答案为 B 项。 14. 答案:C 解析:四个选项中只有 C 项 feel 是系动词,后面可以接形容词作表语。句意:别为工程 师感到难过。 15. 答案:D 解析:根据后面的“the very beginning”可知,此处用 D 项,start from the very beginning “从一开始”。 16. 答案:B 解析:根据上下文可知此处应该选 B 项,即“每座桥都要适合其特殊目的”。be suited to“适合”。 17. 答案:A 解析:后面的“nearby”指的是前面“河流的附近”,据此可知此处应该用 A 项,即“河 附近的陆地”。 18. 答案:D 解析:根据前面的“choose the type best suited to the river”可知应该选择 D 项, 意思是“要选择更合适的桥”。 19. 答案:C 解析:该句主语“they”指的是前面“用纸板做的桥”,后面的宾语为“five?ton truck”,据此应该选择 C 项,即这个桥不能承受 5 吨的卡车。 20. 答案:B 解析:A 项“用途,用处”;B 项“想法,主意,观点”;C 项“尝试,企图”;D 项“因 素”。句意:但是你可以通过多做一些实验来弄清桥梁设计的一些主要思想。根据句意可知 B 项符合。


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