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2014高考英语短文改错、信息匹配一轮训练(8)及答案


2014 高考英语短文改错、信息匹配一轮训练(8)及答案

第一节:短文改错(共 10 小题,每小題 1 分,满分 10 分) When my twenty birthday came , I was not at home. In order to celebrate such important day with my Parents, I wrote him a letter, in which I thanked them For having raised me for twenty years, and expressed my love to them. Later mother talked me when they read the letter, tears were filled her eyes. But father appeared much cool. After that. he read it alone carefully, and then he put it up into a desk drawer. I can imagine the scene clear because I know father. Being a man with few word, he prefers to show his love for me in a silent way. 76.________ 77_________ 78_________ 79_________ 80_________ 81________ 82________ 83________ 84________ 85________

参考答案 76.twenty-twentieth 80.talked-told 83.up-wawy 77.such 后加 an 81.去掉 were 84.clear-clearly 78.him-them 79.正确

82.去掉 much 或改为 very 85.word-words

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请阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应 选项字母涂黑。 以下是演讲会的资料: A Are you interested in “Dream of the Red Mansion”(Hong Lou Meng)? Listen to a lecture on this classical novel. Venue: National Museum of Chinese B “Jiaguwen” is among the oldest pictographic characters in the world.How much do you know about it? Get all the answers at this free lecture.

Modern Literature (Beijing) Time: 9:30 A.m. Price: free Tel: 010 – 84615522

Venue: Dongcheng District Library (Beijing) Time: 9:00 a.m. Price: free Tel: 010 – 64013356

C Former United Nations interpreter

D Qi Baishi, one of China’s greatest modern painter s, was also a poet, calligrapher(书法家) and seal-cutter(刻印者). Can you appreciate his works? Then come to spend the time with us. Venue: Beijing Art Academy Time: 9:00 A.m. – 11:00 A.m. Price: 10 Yuan Tel: 010 - 6502 3390

Professor Wang Ruojin speaks about her experiences at the UN and shares her understanding of the cultural differences between East and West. Venue: National Library of China (Beijing) Time: 1:30 p.m. — 4:00 p. m. Price: free Tel: 010 – 68488047 E It is the year of the Dog, and you can see “Fu” everywhere. But how much do you know about dogs–man’s best friend? What is “Fu” and where does it come from? Why do people hang “Fu” character upside down on the door? Get all the answers from this free lecture. Venue: Capital Library (Beijing) Time: 2:00 p. m. Price: free Tel: 010 - 67358114

F About 160 cultural relics from Guangdong, Macao and Hong Kong are on display to April 15th. Meanwhi le e xperts will talk about the important roles these three cities have played in the past two thousand years of

Sino –Western ex changes. Venue: Beijing Art Museum Time: 2:00 p. m. – 5:00 p. m. Price: 20 Yuan, students 10 Yuan Tel: 010 - 83659337

以下是想去听演讲的人员的基本信息,请匹配适合他们的演讲内容。 4 6. Alice is now studying in Beijing University, and she is especially interested in Chines e writing. In her spare time she enjoys drawing, writing poems and is fond of sharing her pieces with

her classmates. 47. Simon comes from Egypt. He is now studying in Beijing Art Academy. He shows great interest in Chinese ancient characters. Now he wants to know much about it. 48. Lora and Peter, visiting professors from Australia, are both crazy about Chinese traditional culture. At weekends they like to call on Chinese families to learn about Chinese festivals as well as their history. 49. Edward is a senior student in Beijing Foreign Language University. He likes traveling very much and has made up his mind to work as an interpreter for some joint–venture enterprises (合资 企业). 50. Steve and Mark are both studying in the Chinese Department of China’s Renmin University. They want to do some research on Chinese ancient literature.

[答案及解析] 46. D poems。

演讲会介绍—听演讲者

关键词:a poet, calligrapher, and seal-cutter;Chinese writing, drawing, writing

47. B 关键词:Jiaguwen, the oldest pictographic characters in the world, Chinese ancient characters。 48. E 关键词:the yea r of the Dog, see “Fu” everywhere, Chinese festivals as well as their history。 49. C 关键词:interpreter, the cultural differences between East and West。 50. A 关键词:Dream of the Red Mansion(Hong Lou Meng), Chinese ancient literature。 **************************************************************结束

第一套 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^) 。并在其下面写出修改后的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(/)划掉。 修改:在错的词后划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不记分。 I’m a middle school student name Li Ming. I’m writing to tell you something. Recently I noticed many of my classmates often go to the cyber cafe near our school. I went there too in the other day. I was surprising to see many students playing computer games, watching films or chat. Some students were even talking about love affairs online. On my opinion, cyber cafes should be a place which we can find much useful informations. The Internet should be a window to the outside world rather than place for games. The Internet is good if we make good use of it. Otherwise, it will give us great harm. So the local government should take measure to make sure that students use cyber cafes positively.

参考答案 I’m a middle school student name Li Ming. I’m writing to tell you something. 1.named Recently I noticed many of my classmates often go to the cyber cafe near our

school. I went there too in the other day. I was surprising to see many students 2,去掉 in 3.surprised

playing computer games, watching films or chat. Some students were even 4.chatting talking about love affairs online. 5.in On my opinion, cyber cafes should be a place which we can find much useful 5.in 6.where

informations. The Internet should be a window to the outside world rather than 7 information

place for games. The Internet is good if we make good use of it. Otherwise, it 8 a place will give us great harm. So the local government should take measure to make 9.do sure that students use cyber cafes positively. 10 measures

第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,共 10 分) How to Make Friends Friendship is a very important human relationship and everyone needs good friends. Good friendship has many benefits. It offers companionship, improves self-worth and promotes good health. There are times in our lives such as when we have recently moved into a new town, or changed our jobs or schools. Such changes often leaves us without a friend 71 . But for many

of us the process is difficult and requires courage. Below are some helpful suggestions on how to make and keep friends. 1. Associate with others. The first step to making friends is associating with other people. You can go to public places to meet new people. Besides, you will need to make yourself known by becoming an active member of such places. 2. Start a conversation Starting a conversation is the second most important step in making new friends. 72

You can always start the conversation. Being able to make small talk is a very useful skill in relating with other people. 3. 73 Choosing friends with common interests is important in building friendship as these interests would always bring you and your friend together, Hanging out will always be a pleasant experience. 4. Let it grow. It is a good thing to stay in touch. However, try not to press your new friend with calls, messages or visits as this would likely wear him or her out and finally you may lose your friend.

74

. The best friendships are the ones that grow naturally.

5. Enjoy your friendship The best way to enjoy your friendship is to allow your friends to be themselves. 75

Try not to change them from who they are to what you want them to be. Become the kind of friend you will want your friend to be to you. A. Be cheerful. B. Do things together. C. Do not wait to be spoken to. D. Try not to find fault with your friends. E. Making new friends comes easy for some people. F. For a friendship to develop you need to stay in touch. G. So you will need to give your friend time to react to you.

71-75 ECBGD
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第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 Are you truly happy? Do you ever know what it means to be happy and what it takes to achieve happiness? These are important questions for anyone who is seeking happiness to ask themselves. The following are a few tips that I follow to create happiness in my life. *Make a plan for attaining goals that you believe will make you happy. Your moods will very likely increase if you are going after something you value. *_______71_________.It is easy to begin to think negatively when you are surrounded by people who think that way. On the contrary, if you are around people who are happy their emotional state will be infectious(传染的). *_______72_________. Truly happy people don’t allow setbacks to affect their mood because they know that with a little thought they can turn the circumstances back to their favor.

*________73_________. These few minutes will give you the opportunity to focus on the positive things in your life and will lead you to continuous happiness. *_________74__________. Whether you treat yourself to lunch ,take a

long ,relaxing bath or simply spend a few extra minutes on your appearance , you will be subconsciously (下意识地)putting yourself in a better mood. * Finding the humor in situations can also lead to happiness. Find a way to make light of a situation that would otherwise make you happy. *_________75_________.Being overweight or not eating nutritious foods can have a negative effect on your mood. A.It’s also important to take some time each day to do something nice for yourself. B.Spend a few minutes each day thinking about the things that make you happy. C.When something goes wrong, try to figure out a solution instead of being absorbed in self pity. D.Keeping healthy is another way to achieve happiness. E.There are some tips in life that lead to happiness. F.Surround yourself with happy people. G.Everyone has unique requirement for happiness. What makes one person happy may be very different from what makes someone else happy.

参考答案 71---75. FCBAD ***************************************************************结束

第四部分:书面表达 (共两节;满分 35 分) 第一节:阅读表达(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) An American friend of mine who was high up in a big corporation had worked out a way of handling a flood of e-mails before most of us had even heard of the concept. If any information he was sent was vital enough, his lack of response would ensure the sender rang him up, if the sender wasn’t important enough to have his private number, the communication couldn’t be that important, my friend is now even more senior in the same company so the strategy must work. Almost every week now there seems to be a report suggesting that we are all being driven crazy by the bother of e-mail. If this is the case, it’s only because we haven’t developed an appropriate discrimination in dealing with it.

_________. Firstly, you junk nothing with an exclamation mark or a string of capital letters, or from any address you don’t recognize or feel confident about. Secondly, e-mails don’t all have to be answered. Because e-mailing is so easy, there’s a tendency for correspondence to carry on forever, but it is permissible to stop an endless discussion or to accept a point of information sent by a colleague without acknowledging it. Thirdly, a reply e-mail doesn’t have to be the same length as the original. We all have e-mail pals who send long, chatty e-mail, which are nice to receive, but who then expect an equally long

reply. The charm of e-mail can consist in the simple, incomplete sentence, totally regardless of the format of the letter sent by post. You are perfectly within the bounds of politeness in responding to a marathon e-mail with a better reply. 76. Which sentence in the passage is the closest in meaning to the following one? The possible existence of annoyance results from our inability to sort out e-mails ____________________________________________________________________________ 77. Fill in the blank in Paragraph 3 with a proper sentence. (within 10 words ) ____________________________________________________________________________ 78. What advice is given in the last paragraph? (within 10 words) ____________________________________________________________________________ 79. For what purpose does the author mention his American friend in Paragraph 1? (within 10 words) ___________________________________________________________________________ 80. Translate the underlined sentence in the last paragraph into Chinese. ____________________________________________________________________________

参考答案 76. If this is the case, it’s only because we haven’t developed an appropriate discrimination in dealing with it. 77. E-mail(s) can be handled in the following ways. / Here are the ways to deal with e-mail(s). / handling e-mail(s) is an art. 78. You may reply to a long e-mail briefly./ You don’t have to write a long reply e-mail. 79. To show a way of handling e-mail(s) with an example. / To introduce the topic of the text.

80.用简短的话回复冗长的邮件完全不失礼节。/ 用简短的话回复马拉松式的电子邮件也是礼 貌的。 ***************************************************************结束


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