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2018_2019学年高中英语Unit12CultureShock单元综合检测北师大版必修4

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Unit 12 Culture Shock 单元综合检测

(时间:100 分钟;满分:120 分)

Ⅰ.阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)

A

What is Southern culture?Southern culture is made up of three main things.The

Southerners are known for their hospitality,language and food.Southern culture is

like no other culture in the world.

Southerners' hospitality is very famous in the world.People that live in the

South are very nice and are always willing to help another person in any way they

can.If someone is from out of town and needs directions to a certain place ,

Southerners will make sure he or she knows how to get there.Southerners are very

polite.Every time they pass someone on the road,they are going to wave at him or

her.Towns in the South have fewer people and everyone knows everyone.The people in

the South are nicer than anywhere else in the United States.

Language in the South varies(变化) according to which area someone is in and

what the person's background is.Most white people have a country draw in their

accent.Most black people talk using Ebonics(黑人英语),but some do have a draw in

their accent.The other groups talk in their native languages or in English with an

obvious accent.The languages in the South are alike in most places except in Southern

Louisiana.

The South's food is like no other places.It is colorful,has a wonderful smell

that fills the whole house and tastes wonderful.All the things that the Southerners

use will wake up one's taste and are delicious.

Southern culture is well?known in the world.The South is very different from

other areas in the United States.The people are nice,the language is very different

and the food is great.

【语篇解读】 本文是说明文。美国南部人的热情、南部人的语言和南部人的饮食共同

构筑了南部文化,它是美国的骄傲。

1.The underlined word“hospitality”in paragraph 1 probably means“

”.

A.honesty

B.kindness

C.courage

D.beauty

1

B [词义猜测题。根据第 2 段中对这一内容的解释可推测 hospitality 的意思为“友善,

热情”。]

2.The Southerners are best known for their



A.buildings

B.language

C.food

D.hospitality

D [细节理解题。根据第 2 段第 1 句中的内容可知南部因其友善而闻名于世。]

3.It can be inferred from the passage that people in the South



A.are glad to help strangers

B.prefer to talk on the road

C.don't get along very well

D.enjoy wearing nicer clothes

A [推理判断题。结合第 2 段第 2 句以及第 3 句中的内容可推测南部人很乐意帮助陌生

人。]

4.Which of the following statements about the South is NOT true according to

the passage?

A.Its people are the nicest in America.

B.Its culture is unique in the world.

C.People there speak the same language.

D.It has food different from other places.

C [细节理解题。根据第 3 段第 1 句中的内容可知南部人的语言因其所在地区和背景的

不同而存在差异。]

B

Do people in your country hug (拥抱) on the street?In some countries,it is

common for people to show affection (亲热) in public places.In the United States,

for example,we often see couples hold hands,hug and kiss on the street,in the

park,in the restaurant and even on trains and buses!But in some other countries,

people never show affection in public places because their customs don't permit

this.For example,in Korea (朝鲜) and China,customs usually don't permit people

to show affection in public places.So,when Korean and Chinese people visit the United

States,they sometimes feel very surprised when they see Americans hug and kiss on

the street.In some countries,friends show physical affection to each other.In some

South American countries,female friends walk arm in arm when they walk along the

street together.In Italy and Russia,male friends often kiss each other on both cheeks

when they greet.In most countries , men don't kiss or hug when they greet one

2

another.They usually shake hands or pat each other on the back.People around the

world are different in the amount,manner,and situation in which they touch each

other.

【语篇解读】 本文主要谈论了不同国家在公共场合下不同的接触,体现了文化的不同。

5.The main idea of this text is



A.the customs in Korea and China are exactly the same

B.Koreans and Americans can never understand each other

C.South Americans are more friendly than North Americans

D.different countries permit different amounts of touching in public places

D [主旨大意题。本文主要谈论了不同国家在公共场合下不同的接触,体现了文化的不

同。]

6.Chinese and Korean people feel surprised when they see Americans hug and kiss

on the street because



A.they never hug or kiss themselves

B.their own customs usually don't permit such conduct

C.they are polite

D.kissing each other is not allowed on the street

B [细节理解题。由原文中“...in Korea(朝鲜)and China,customs usually don't

permit people to show affection in public places.”可知。]

7.Which of the following is TRUE?

A.Chinese people often kiss on the street.

B.In all countries public affection is permitted.

C.In many countries, men shake hands when they greet each other.

D.Americans are not as polite as people in other countries.

C [细节判断题。由文中“In most countries,men don't kiss...on the back.”可

知大部分国家的男士的见面问候方式以握手或互拍背部为主。]

8.Which of the following is NOT true?

A.Social customs are different in different countries.

B.Customs in the United States permit public affection.

C.Customs in some countries don't allow people to show affection in public

places.

D.Women in South America never touch each other.

D [细节判断题。由原文知南美的女性朋友常常“walk arm in arm”。]

C

3

One of the latest trends (趋势) in American Childcare is Chinese au pairs.Au

Pair in Stanford,for example,has got increasing numbers of request for Chinese

au pairs from zero to around 4,000 since 2004.And that's true all across the country.

“I thought it would be useful for him to learn Chinese at an early age.”Joseph

Stocke,the managing director of a company,says of his 2?year?old son.“I would

at least like to give him the chance to use the language in the future.After only

six months of being cared by a 25?year?old woman from China,the boy can already

understand basic Chinese daily expressions,”his dad says.

Li Drake,a Chinese native raising two children in Minnesota with an American

husband,had another reason for looking for an au pair from China.She didn't want

her children to miss out on their roots.“Because I am Chinese,my husband and I

wanted the children to keep exposed to(接触) the language and culture.”she says.

“Staying with a native speaker is better for children than simply sitting in

a classroom,”says Suzanne Flynn,a professor in language education of children.“But

parents must understand that just one year with au pairs is unlikely to produce

wonders.Complete mastery demands continued learning until the age of 10 or 12.”

The popularity of au pairs from China has been strengthened by the increasing

number of American parents who want their children to learn Chinese.It is expected

that American demand for au pairs will continue to rise in the next few years.

【语篇解读】 本文告诉我们在美国现在有了一个新的趋势:为孩子找一个中国保姆。

让孩子接触中文,了解中国文化。这说明在美国学习中文越来越流行了。

9.What does that term “au pair” in the text mean?

A.A mother raising her children on her own.

B.A young foreign woman taking care of children.

C.A professor in language education of children.

D.A child learning a foreign language at home.

B [词义猜测题。根据一、三、四段 Au Pair in Stanford,for example,has got

increasing numbers of request for Chinese au pairs from zero to around 4,000 和

had another reason for looking for an au pair from China.以及 Staying with a native

speaker is better for children than simply sitting in a classroom 可知 au pair

是指来自中国的照顾孩子的年轻女性,她们承担着教孩子中文的任务。故 B 项正确。]

10.Li Drake has her children study Chinese because she wants them



A.to live in China some day

B.to speak the language at home

4

C.to catch up with other children D.to learn about the Chinese culture D [细节理解题。根据第三段中 She didn't want her children to miss out on their roots.“Because I am Chinese, my husband and I wanted the children to keep exposed to the language and culture.”she says.可知她是一个中国人,她和丈夫都希望自己的 孩子能够接触到中文并了解中国的文化。故 D 项正确。] 11.How can children learn a foreign language best according to Flynn? A.From their parents. B.By attending classes. C.From a native speaker. D.By starting at an early age. C [细节理解题。从倒数第二段第一句可知选 C 项。] 12.What can we infer from the text? A.Learning Chinese is becoming popular in America. B.Educated women do better in looking after children. C.Chinese au pairs need to improve their English skills. D.Children can learn a foreign language well in six months. A [推理判断题。根据文章第一句 One of the latest trends in American Childcare is Chinese au pairs.和最后一段 The popularity of au pairs from China has been strengthened by the increasing number of American parents who want their children to learn Chinese.It is expected that American demand for au pairs will continue to rise in the next few years.可知美国人对于中文的学习兴趣越来越大,为孩子寻找一个 会讲中文的保姆已经成为一个趋势。这些都说明学习中文在美国变得很流行了。故 A 项正 确。]
D Food is one of the necessities in our daily life.It serves as a form of communication in two fundamental ways.Sharing bread or other foods is a common human tradition that can promote unity and trust.Food can also have a specific meaning, and play a significant role in a family or culture's celebrations or traditions.The foods we eat-and when and how we eat them-are often unique to a particular culture or may even differ between countrysides and cities within one country. Sharing bread,whether during a special occasion or at the family dinner table, is a common symbol of togetherness.Many cultures also celebrate birthdays and marriages with cakes that are cut and shared among the guests.Early forms of cake
5

were simply a kind of bread,so this tradition hits its roots in the custom of sharing

bread.

Food also plays an important role in many New Year celebrations.In the southern

United States,pieces of corn bread represent blocks of gold for prosperity (兴

旺) in the New Year.In Greece,people share a special cake called vasilopita.A coin

is put into the cake,which signifies (预示) success in the New Year for the person

who receives it.

Many cultures have ceremonies to celebrate the birth of a child,and food can

play a significant role.In China,when a baby is one month old,families name and

welcome their child in a celebration that includes giving red?colored eggs to

guests.In many cultures,round foods such as grapes,bread,and moon cakes are eaten

at welcome celebrations to represent family unity.

Nutrition is necessary for life,so it is not surprising that food is such an

important part of different cultures around the world.

【语篇解读】 本文讲述的是食物在文化中的重要性。

13.According to the passage,sharing bread



A.can help to develop unity

B.indicates a lack of food

C.is a custom unique to rural areas

D.has its roots in birthday celebrations

A [细节理解题。根据第一段中 Sharing bread or other foods is a common human

tradition that can promote unity and trust.可知,分享面包有助于发展团结。故选 A。]

14.The author explains the role of food in celebrations by



A.analyzing causes

B.making comparisons

C.using examples

D.describing processes

C [推理判断题。根据第三段 Food also plays an important role in many New Year

celebrations.In the southern United States,pieces of corn bread represent blocks

of gold for prosperity (兴旺) in the New Year.In Greece,people share a special cake

called vasilopita.A coin is put into the cake,which signifies (预示) success in

the New Year for the person who receives it.可知,作者通过举例说明了食物在庆祝活

动中的作用。故答案为 C。]

15.What is the passage mainly about?

A.The custom of sharing food.

B.The specific meaning of food.

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C.The role of food in ceremonies. D.The importance of food in culture. D [主旨大意题。根据最后一段 Nutrition is necessary for life, so it is not surprising that food is such an important part of different cultures around the world. 可知,本文讲述的是食物在文化中的重要性。故选 D。] Ⅱ.阅读七选五(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)
Muzak The next time you go into a bank,a store,or a supermarket,stop and listen.What do you hear? 16 It's similar to the music you listen to,but it's not exactly the same.That's because this music was especially designed to relax you,or to give you extra energy.Sometimes you don't even realize the music is playing,but you react to the music anyway. Quiet background music used to be called “elevator (电梯) music” because we often heard it in elevators.But lately we hear it in more and more places,and it has an new name“Muzak”.About one?third of the people in America listen to “Muzak” every day.The music plays for 15 minutes at a time, with short pauses in between.It is always more lively between ten and eleven in the morning, and between three and four in the afternoon,when people are more tired. 17 If you listen to Muzak carefully,you will probably recognize the names of many of the songs.Some musicians or songwriters don't want their songs to be used as Muzak, but others are happy when their songs are chosen.Why? 18 Music is often played in public places because it is designed to make people feel less lonely when they are in an airport or a hotel.It has been proven that Muzak does what it is designed to do.Tired office workers suddenly have more energy when they hear the pleasant sound of Muzak in the background. 19 Supermarket shoppers buy 38 percent more groceries.
20 They say it's boring to hear the same songs all the time.But other people enjoy hearing Muzak in public places.They say it helps them relax and feel calm.One way or another,Muzak affects everyone.Some farmers even say their cows give more milk when they hear Muzak!
A.Muzak is played in most of the big supermarkets in the world. B.They get as much as $4 million a year if their songs are used. C.The music gives them extra energy. D.Muzak tends to help people understand music better.
7

E.Factory workers produce 13 percent more. F.Music is playing in the background. G.Some people don't like Muzak. 【语篇解读】 文章讲述了 Muzak 音乐的广泛运用以及在各行业的重要作用。 16.F [上句问在这些场合会听到什么?F 项:音乐在背景中播放,是对上句的回答。] 17.C [上句讲在上午 10 点到 11 点之间,下午 3 点到 4 点之间,人们容易感到疲劳的 时候放这种音乐。C 项:音乐给他们额外的能量,指这种音乐在那时候的作用。] 18.B [他们会很高兴。B 项:如果他们的歌曲被使用的话,他们一年的收入高达 400 万美元。是上句问题的原因,故选 B。] 19.E [上下句是这种音乐对 office workers 和 Supermarket shoppers 的重要作用, 与之并列,E 项是对工厂工人的作用。] 20.G [根据下句 They say it's boring 可知是有人不喜欢的原因,G 项:一些人不 喜欢 Muzak,与下句连接,故选 G。] Ⅲ.完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) There is one word that is often on the lips of Americans:“Sorry”. Once as I was walking,a young man ran by 21 ,brushing against my handbag.Even as he 22 on his way,he turned back and said “sorry” to me.Even in a rush, he didn't forget to apologize.One day,after I bought a mango,the salesman was giving me the 23 ,but I wasn't ready for it and a coin 24 to the ground.“I'm sorry,” he said while bending down to pick it up.I was 25 why would he apologize when it is my 26 ?
27 time,I stepped on a man's foot in an elevator,and at the same time, we both said “sorry”.I thought it interesting-was it really 28 for him to apologize?Later on,an American friend 29 to me that according to the American mentality,the elevator is a 30 place,and everyone should be able to stand in it.After someone 31 a position in it,making it difficult for someone else to find a place to stand,isn't it necessary to express an 32 ?
If you go to the movies and the tickets happen to be 33 ,the ticket seller will say,“Sorry.”Whenever one of your hopes goes 34 ,an American will say “sorry” as a sign of 35 .
During my stay in America,I gradually 36 that when friction (摩擦) appears in daily life,Americans don't care much about who is 37 ;If someone is 38 , a “sorry” is always necessary.When this happens,even if the other person is hurt, the “sorry” 39 tempers and human kindness is shown.Perhaps this is why I 40
8

saw anyone quarreling on the buses,subways or streets of America.

【语篇解读】 作者介绍了在美国人们频繁使用 sorry 的例子,描述了其作用及给社会

带来的和谐。

21.A.worriedly

B.slowly

C.cautiously

D.hurriedly

D [考查副词。worriedly 担心地;slowly 缓慢地;cautiously 慎重地;hurriedly

匆忙地。此处指走路时一个年轻人匆忙跑过,碰到了我的手提包。下文 Even in a rush 给

了提示,故选 D。]

22.A.continued

B.blocked

C.pushed

D.forced

A [考查动词。continue 继续;block 阻塞;push 推;force 强迫。年轻人虽然继续赶

路,但仍然转过身向我道歉。即使在匆忙之中,他也没有忘记道歉。此处指继续前行,故选

A。]

23.A.bargain

B.profit

C.change

D.product

C [考查名词。bargain 交易;profit 利润;change 零钱;product 产品。此处指我买

了一个芒果,售货员递给我零钱。根据常识选 C。]

24.A.lay

B.dropped

C.tied

D.attached

B [考查动词。lie 躺;drop 掉下;tie 系;attach 附上。售货员给我找零钱时,我没

拿好一个硬币掉在地上。根据下句 while bending down to pick it up.可知,选 B。]

25.A.delighted

B.annoyed

C.puzzled

D.injured

C [考查形容词。delighted 高兴的;annoyed 恼怒的;puzzled 困惑的;injured 受伤

的。为什么是我的错售货员却给我道歉,我为此感到困惑。根据常识选 C。]

26.A.fault

B.duty

C.turn

D.debt

A [考查名词。fault 错误;duty 责任;turn 转弯;debt 债务。此处指我没接住零钱

是我的过错,故选 A。]

27.A.Another

B.Other

C.Some

D.Any

A [考查代词。another 又一,另一;other 其他的,另外的;some 一些;any 任何。

此处指另一次,用 another time,故选 A。]

28.A.useful

B.necessary

9

C.difficult

D.easy

B [考查形容词。useful 有用的;necessary 必要的;difficult 困难的;easy 容易的。

因为我踩了对方的脚,我们互相道歉。他有必要道歉吗?故选 B。]

29.A.complained

B.announced

C.explained

D.appealed

C [考查动词。complain 抱怨;announce 宣布;explain 解释;appeal 呼吁。后来一

位美国朋友向我解释,按照美国人的心态,电梯是个公共区域。故选 C。]

30.A.private

B.noisy

C.painful

D.public

D [考查形容词。private 私人的;noisy 喧闹的;painful 痛苦的;public 公众的。

此处指电梯是公共区域,根据常识选 D。]

31.A.holds

B.books

C.removes

D.occupies

D [考查动词。hold 把握;book 预定;remove 除掉;occupy 占据。一个人在电梯里占

据了一个位置,别人站立就很困难。指占据地方,故选 D。]

32.A.explanation

B.apology

C.attitude

D.argument

B [考查名词。explanation 解释;apology 道歉;attitude 态度;argument 争论。电

梯里地方狭窄,难道没有必要表达道歉吗?与上文 we both said “sorry”...was it really

for him to apologize?呼应,故选 B。]

33.A.sold out

B.dropped out

C.broken out

D.hung out

A [考查动词短语。sell out 卖完;drop out 辍学;break out 打破,打坏;hang out

闲逛。去电影院碰巧票卖完了,售货员会说对不起。此处指电影票卖完,故选 A。]

34.A.disappointed

B.unrealized

C.true

D.mistaken

B [考查形容词。disappointed 失望的;unrealized 未实现的;true 真实的;mistaken

错误的。当你的希望没有实现时,美国人会说抱歉来表达可惜。故选 B。]

35.A.pity

B.concern

C.encouragement

D.respect

A [考查名词。pity 可惜;concern 关心;encouragement 鼓励;respect 尊重。美国

人会说抱歉来表达可惜,故选 A。]

36.A.guessed

B.imagined

C.remembered

D.understood

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D [考查动词。guess 猜想;imagine 想象;remember 记得;understand 理解。我待在

美国期间,逐渐理解了发生摩擦时,美国人并不关心谁是错的。根据文意,选 D。]

37.A.legal

B.wrong

C.fair

D.honest

B [考查形容词。legal 合法的;wrong 错误的;fair 公平的;honest 诚实的。发生摩

擦时,美国人并不关心谁是错的。故选 B。]

38.A.troubled

B.blamed

C.forgiven

D.replaced

A [考查动词。trouble 麻烦;blame 谴责;forgive 原谅;replace 取代。如果有人陷

入困境,“对不起”总是必要的。A 项符合文意。]

39.A.controls

B.cools

C.defends

D.protects

B [考查动词。control 控制;cool 使变凉;defend 防护;protect 保护。此处指即使

另一个人受伤,sorry 会缓和怒气,使脾气冷却。故选 B。]

40.A.always

B.sometimes

C.never

D.often

C [考查副词。always 一直;sometimes 有时;never 从不;often 经常。这就是在美

国我从未在公交、地铁或街上见过任何人争吵的原因。C 项符合文意。]

Ⅳ.语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

When I was 41.

teenager,I worked part?time at my uncle's pub.

One day,a man walked into the pub and 42.

(order) three beers.But just

one of them 43.

(drink) by him.I was confused.The next day that man ordered

three beers again and drank one of them 44.

(quiet) at the table.He did the

same thing every time he came to the pub.

One day,I asked the man 45.

he ordered three beers and just drank one.The

man replied,“It seems strange,isn't it?You see,my two brothers live abroad at

the moment.We have had an 46.

(agree) that every time we go to a pub,each

of 47.

(we) will order two extra beers.”

A few weeks later,the man came to the pub again,but he ordered only two beers,

not three as usual.I was 48.

(surprise) and thought that one of his brothers

might have died.But when I asked him why he just ordered two beers,the man said

“I talked 49.

my brother Tom on the phone yesterday.He had promised to give

up 50.

(drink).”

【语篇解读】 本文是一个有趣的故事。一个男人常去我打工的酒吧喝酒,每次都点三

11

瓶,自己却只喝一瓶,是因为他有两个兄弟目前住在国外。他们有约,承诺只要喝酒就多要 两份。后来这个人却只点了两瓶,我问其原因,原来是他的一个兄弟承诺要戒酒了。
41.a [句意:当我是个青少年的时候,我在我叔叔的酒吧打工。根据句意可知,表示 数量“一”的,此时要用不定冠词 a。]
42.ordered [句意:一天,一个男人走进酒吧,点了三瓶啤酒。根据内容可知是讲述 过去的事情,因此谓语动词要用一般过去时。因此填 ordered。]
43.was drunk [句意:他只喝了一瓶。分析句意可知,啤酒是被他喝了,因此要用被 动,故用 was drunk。]
44.quietly [句意:第二天,他又点了三瓶啤酒,静静地在桌上喝了其中的一瓶。分 析句意可知,quiet 在此修饰动词喝,要用副词 quietly。]
45.why [句意:我问他为什么他点了三瓶啤酒,只喝了一瓶。分析句意是问为什么 (why),故填 why。]
46.agreement [句意:你看,我的两个兄弟目前住在国外。我们每次去酒吧都达成了 一致……。分析句意可知,本句中缺少宾语,agree 为动词,不能作宾语,故要用名词 agreement。]
47.us [句意:我们已经达成协议,每次我们去酒吧,我们每个人都会多点两杯啤酒。 分析句意可知,介词 of 缺少宾语, we 是主格,不作宾语,要用宾格 us。]
48.surprised [句意:几个星期后,这个人又来到酒馆,但他只点了两瓶啤酒,而不 是平常的三杯。我很惊讶。surprise 为动词,作表语修饰人时,要用 surprised,因此填 surprised。 ]
49.with [句意:我昨天和我的兄弟汤姆通了电话。talk with sb.为固定搭配,“和…… 说话”,可知本句要填 with。]
50.drinking [句意:汤姆答应要戒酒了。give up doing sth.,为固定用法,“放弃 做某事”,因此要填 drinking。]
Ⅴ.短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) One day,in my way to school,I noticed two anxious foreigners was surrounded by a group of people.I stopped and found that they were tourist from Canada who carelessly left a very importantly wallet in a taxi.So I take them to the nearest police station.With help of the policemen,we got in touch with the taxi company.We were telling that the wallet had just been found.And two passports,flight tickets, or some money were still inside it.Finally the two Canadians got our wallet back.They thanked for me and left. 【答案】
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One day,ionn

my way to school,I noticed two

anxious foreigners

was were

surrounded

by

a

group

of

people.I

stopped

and

found

that

they

were

tourist tourists

from

Canada

who

importantly

take

carelessly left a very important wallet in a taxi.So I took them to the nearest

police station.With

help of the policemen ,we got in touch with the taxi

telling company.We were told that the wallet had just been found.And two passports,

flight tickets,aonrd some money were still inside it.Finally the two Canadians got

our their

wallet

back.They

thanked

for

Ⅵ.书面表达(满分 25 分)

假如你叫李华,现在是第一中学的高一新生。请根据以下提示,给你初中的英语老师王

老师写一封信,表达对他的感谢和尊敬。

1.词数 100 左右;

2.文章的开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总词数。

Dear Mr.Wang,

I'm very excited to write to express my thanks to you.I am now studying in No.1

Senior Middle School,which I have been dreaming of.

Yours sincerely, Li Hua
【参考范文】 Dear Mr.Wang, I'm very excited to write to express my thanks to you.I am now studying in No.1 Senior Middle School,which I have been dreaming of.Recently I am always remembering the days when you were with us.Your classes are lively and interesting.My English has improved greatly because of your creative work. At one time,however,the pressure of examinations,too much homework and the high expectations from my parents made me depressed.I was tired of the warning that if I didn't do my best,I wouldn't have the chance to go to the key school.Thank
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you for your encouragement and patience;if not,I wouldn't have realized my dream.And now I really appreciate your help.I hope more and more of your students will go to their ideal schools.
Miss you!I am looking forward to hearing from you soon. Yours sincerely, Li Hua
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