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高一英语语法定语从句的优质课件ppt(1)_图文

高中英语定语从句复习

1 To review common knowledge on the Attributive Clauses. 2 To develop the ability to use the Attributive Clauses.

定语从句:是指在复合句中, 修饰名词或 代词的从句. 被定语从句所修饰的名词或代 词叫做“先行词 ”. 引导定语从句的词叫“关系词 ”

How many kinds of Attributive Clauses are there?

定 语 从 句

The Restrictive Attributive Clause 限制性定语从句 The Non-Restrictive Attributive Clause 非限制性定语从句

引导定语从句的关系词
指代人 who,whom,that 指代事物 which,that 所属关系 whose,of which 指地点 where 关 指时间 when 系 指原因 why 副 词 关 系 代 词

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences: A plane is a machine. The machine can fly.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences: A plane is a machine. The machine can fly. A plane is a machine the machine can fly.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences: A plane is a machine. The machine can fly. A plane is a machine that /which can fly.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl we saw her yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
her The girl we saw

yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
her The girl we saw

yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl her we saw

yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
her The girl

we saw

yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl her we saw

yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl her is Mary.

we saw

yesterday

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl that/who/whom is Mary.

we saw yesterday

注意避免重复

Correct the mistakes

1.Under the big tree are 34 students,many of ——— them come from class two. whom 2. My mother has a good book, which ——— cover looks terrible. whose 3. This is the very pen that you gave it \ to me before. it \ 4. There is an old woman, that —— is holding who a stick.

1.that 与which
that can be done has 1.Nothing ______ been done. that you 2.Do you have anything ______ 先行词是 everything, nothing, don’t understand ? anything,
something, much, little, none等不定代词,引 导定语从句用that

1.that 与which
1.This is the best TV _______ that is made in China. that he 2.The first museum _______ visited in China was the History 先行词被形容词最高级 Museum.
或序数词修饰时,引导 定语从句用that 。

1.that 与which
I’ve read all the books ________ that you lent me.
先行词被any, some, no, much, few, little, every, all, very, only, last 修饰时,引导 定语从句用that 。

1.that 与which
1.The famous writer and his works that _____ the radio broadcast have aroused great interest among the students. 2.A victim is a person, animal or thing ______ that suffers pain, 先行词中既有人又有事物时, death, harm, etc.
引导定语从句用that .

1.that 与which
1.Who that _______ you have ever seen can do it better ?
Who做先行词时, 引导定语从句用 that

1.that 与which
1.Her bag ,in ________ which she put all her money, has been stolen. which she 2.This is the ring on ________ spent 1000 dollars. 3.Xiao Wang ,with ________ whom I went to the concert, enjoy it very much . 在介词后面,指事物
用which,指人用whom

2如何判断介词
1)、看定语从句中动词与介词的搭配

This is the book_____ for which you asked

注意:动词短语不能拆开
即介词不能提前 The old man whom I am looking after is better .

2如何判断介词
2)、看定语从句中形容词与介词的搭配

He referred me to some reference books ______ with which I am not very familiar.

2如何判断介词
3)、根据先行词判断,所用的介词与先行词 搭 配

This is our classroom , in the front of which _______________ there is a teacher’s desk.

3 Whose 的使用
whose 引导的定语从句 表示所属关系

The river _________ whose banks ar covered with trees flows to the sea

Whose 的使用
There are in this class 20 students, ______ are different. ? A.whose backgrounds ? B. The backgrounds of whom ? C.of whom the backgrounds ? D.the backgrounds of whose

4 as 的使用
The earth is round,___ as we all know. ___ As is known to all, the earth is round ___ It is known to all that the earth is round.
定语从句在句首时只能用as, as 具有正如之意,与之搭配的动 词一般是固定的

as 的使用
? This

is the same book as I lost.

这本书和我丢的那本一模一样。
? This

is the same book that I lost.

这本书就是我丢的那本。

as 的使用
This is such an interesting book ____ as we all like. This is so interesting a book _____ as 定语从句 we all like. 这是大家都喜欢的如此有趣的一 本书。

as 的使用
This is such an interesting book ____we all like it. that This is so interesting a book ____we all like it. that 结果状语从句

这本书如此有趣,大家都喜欢。

as 的使用
1. It is very useful to master a foreign language,_____ which has been said before. 2 As ___ everyone hoped, Mary as引导定语从句可放在句首,句中, has won the first prize.
句末,而which 引导定语从句不能 放在句首.as译为正如,好像。, which 则没有此义。

5 when, where, why 与 that, which 的区分
when we first 1)I’ll never forget the day _________ met in the park. 2)I’ll never forget the time ________________ which\that I spent with you. 3)I’ll never forget the time which\that _____________ was spent with you. 4)This is the museum _______________I which\that visited last year .

5 when, where, why 与 指时间,地点或原因的先行词在定语从句 that, which 的区分 中作主语或宾语,用which或that引导定
语从句。

This is the reason ___________ why/that ( = for which ) I didn’t come here. The reason which/that __________ she gave was not true.

6 定语从句中的动词的数
He is the only one in his class who _______ has (have) got the teacher’s praise He is one of the students in his class who _______ have (have) got the teacher’s praise 关系词在定语从句中做主语时, 谓语动词的数取决于先行词

Correct the sentences:
1. I’m using the pen which he bought it yesterday. to 2. The man whom I spoke is ∧ from Canada. 3. July 1,1999 is the daythat when we’ll never forget.

Correct the sentences:
4. I’m going to work in the hospital where needs me. which 5. Those that haven’t been to the West Lake will gather at the school gate. who

Correct the sentences:
6.This is the last time when I’ve given you lessons. that ? 7. The reason which he explained it sounds reasonable. why
?

Correct the sentences:
8. Miss Chen is the only one of the few teachers who give us wonderful English lessons in our school. gives

Correct the sentences:
9. Taiwan, that we know, belongs to China. as

10.The bike by which I travelled was his.

on

根据下列句子,完成短文。
众所周知,2008年北京将举办奥运 会。英语作为一种国际语言,将会在 交流中起着重要作用。作为一名高三 学生,我们应抓住现在的学习机会努 力学好它。只有这样,才能为奥运贡 献自己的力量。 注意:要使用定语从句.

As is known to all, Beijing will host the 2008 Olympic Games . English, which is an international language , plays an important part in communicating with foreigners. We Senior Three students should catch this opportunity to learn it well, by which we can make our contribution to the Olympic Games.

Thank you
Goodbye