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广东省惠州市2014届高三上学期第二次调研英语试题(扫描版,word版答案)_图文

惠州市 2014 届高三第二次调研考试英语试题答案

完形填空:

1—5 BCABD 6—10 ABDAA 11—15 CDBCD 语法填空:

16. who

17. for

18. him/it 19.leading

20. misfortune

21. eventually 22. why 23. a

24.fought

25. However

单词拼写错误、大小写未区分不给分。

阅读理解

26—30 CAACD 31—35 DBACA 36—40 CBCAD 41—45 ACDAB 信息匹配

46—50 CFBAD
基础写作:(One possible version)

On October 9, 2013, a discussion about "Digital Textbook" was conducted in the School Lecture

Hall, in which 10 teachers as well as 60 students from Senior 1, Senior 2 and Senior 3 presented

themselves as representatives. The topic for it was "Should digital textbooks be used to replace

traditional paper textbooks in Senior High School?" The representatives have offered their opinions,

and one that almost all agreed with was that digital books were cheaper than traditional ones. They

agreed that digital textbooks would change the nature of classes and that teachers would become

students' partners rather than instructors in the learning process. However, it has especially been

pointed out that students would become even more electronic-device-dependent as digital books

would accompany them all the time.

读写任务:(One possible version)
Typhoon Usagi struck Guangdong China just after the Mid-autumn Festival and caused 25 deaths. It damaged houses, stopped traffic and transports and cut off electricity supply. It also kept fishermen onshore and students off school.
As is described in the passage, typhoon is also a common natural disaster in my hometown. When it is here, there are often strong winds and heavy rains. Young trees break and water floods into low-lying houses.
When Usagi hit my hometown that evening, I was on my way home. A very strong wind slapped me in the front and tried to sweep me up into the sky. I had been told typhoon was coming but never thought it would cause much damage. I became scared and sheltered myself in a shop doorway. Suddenly with an ear-splitting “bang”, an air-conditioner fell down on the ground just in front of me! I was so frightened that I ran home as fast as I could.
So I suggest that we should always take the warning seriously and make good preparations. Stay at home and fasten firmly everything in the house. In this way we can minimize the loss the disaster will cause beforehand.

语 言 语


评分说明(主观题部分)

语法填空评分说明: 按照所给答案给分。单词拼写错误、大小写未区分不给分。

基础写作评分说明:
基础写作主要考查考生语言结构的应用能力:能够用正确、规范的语言表达 特定的内容。
本试题要求考生根据所提供的信息,使用 5 个句子表达[写作内容]中所提供的 全部内容。命题思想是希望考生在表达这些内容时能够:
·正确表达时间、地点、论题等信息,例如:On October 9, 2013, a discussion about "Digital Textbook" was conducted …
·正确使用复合句如定语从句(限定性从句或非限定性从句),例如: in the School Lecture Hall, in which…
one that almost all agreed with was that digital books were…
· 能将多项并列的内容用简单、清晰的结构表达出来,陈述正反两方的观点, 例如:The representatives have offered…
They agreed that… and that teachers would become students' partners…
·正确使用连接词,例如 and,however… 在评分时,应注意以下几个方面: 1. 按照评分标准,实行分析法评分:按语言、内容和连贯三项标准分别给分; 2. 在语言方面,重点评判句子的语法结构是否正确、用词是否规范;考生是否使 用了合适的句子结构。 3. 在内容方面,重点评判考生是否表达了所提供的全部信息;如果考生在表达完 整的内容时,适当添加一些内容,不扣分; 4. 在连贯方面,重点评判 5 个句子是否构成一篇连贯的短文。

基础写作评分标准:

7-8 具有很好的语言运用能力;语法和句子结构准确性高,词汇

方面使用较好,只有少许错误。

5-6 具有较好的语言运用能力;语法和句子结构准确性较好,有

一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,但不影响理解。



3-4 语言运用能力一般;语法和句子结构基本准确,语法结构或

词汇方面的错误不影响理解。



1-2 语言运用能力较差;语法和句子结构基本不够准确,语法结

构或词汇方面的错误较多,而且影响了对句子意义的理解。

0 语言运用能力很差;语法、句子结构、词汇错误很多,句子

意义无法理解。

备注 每多或少写一个句子,扣 1 分。

5 包括了所有信息内容。

内内

4 包括了大部分信息内容。 3 包括了基本信息内容。

容容

2 包括了小部分信息内容。 1 包括了少许信息内容。

0 没有包括所提供的信息内容。

连连

2 内容连贯,而且结构紧凑。 1.5 内容连贯性比较好,而且结构比较紧凑。

贯贯

1 内容连贯性较差,而且结构不够紧凑。 0 内容缺乏连贯性,而且结构松散。

备注 文不对题,给 0 分。

读写任务评分说明:
读写任务是有材料作文;要求考生在阅读的基础上写一篇相关主题的作文;主 要考查考生的篇章概括和语言表达能力。
本试题要求考生阅读一篇英文短文之后,就“某种自然灾害造成的影响”的
话题谈谈考生(或朋友)的经历、建议,内容包括: (1)你家乡有哪种自然灾害?常造成哪些破坏? (2)描述你或朋友在此灾害发生时的一次经历; (3)你对应对这种灾害的建议。 在评分时,应注意以下几个方面:
1.按照评分标准,实行分析综合法评分。 2. 概 括 应 包 括 以 下 要 点 :( 关 键 词 : struck,caused how many
deaths,damaged/collapsed,cut off,suspended/closed 等) (1)Typhoon Usagi struck someplace …and caused how many deaths. (2)It damaged houses, stopped traffic and transports and cut off electricity …. (3)… fishermen onshore and students off school… 3. 写作的内容应该包括:
·你家乡有哪种自然灾害?常造成哪些破坏(可简单列举);
·描述你或朋友在此灾害发生时的一次经历(时间、地点、人物、事件)。
·应对此种灾害的可行性建议。
读写任务评分标准:

项 分值 目

评分标准

5

按照要求概括了原文的全部主要信息,没有增加与原文无关的 信息,没有照抄原文的句子。语言结构正确,行文规范。

4

基本按照要求概括了原文的主要信息,没有增加与原文无关的 信息,没有照抄原文的句子。语言结构正确,行文规范。



3

基本按照要求概括了原文的主要信息,但包含一些不相关的信 息,有个别句子抄自原文。语言结构基本正确,行文比较规范。

2

不能按照要求概括原文的主要信息,包含较多不相关的信息, 有较多的抄袭。语言结构不够准确,行文不够规范。



0-1

没有按照要求概括原文的主要信息,基本是不相关的信息,大 多数句子都抄自原文。语言结构不准确,行文不规范。

18-20

包含题目所给全部或绝大部分的内容要点。主题明确,内容丰 富。

词汇丰富,用词得当。能有效运用合适的语言结构,而且没有

(或极少)语法错误。

篇章结构的连贯性好。

包含题目所给全部或绝大部分的内容要点。主题明确,个别内



14-17

容不准确或者不相关。 词汇较丰富,有个别用词错误。较好地运用了合适的语言结构,

有少许的语法错误。

篇章结构的连贯性较好。

11-13 包含题目所给全部或绝大部分的内容要点。主题比较明确,个

别内容不准确或者不相关。



词汇较丰富,有个别用词错误。较好地运用了合适的语言结构,

有少许的语法错误。

篇章结构的连贯性较好。

7-10 包含题目所给的部分内容要点。主题基本明确,有些内容不准

确或者不相关。

词汇有限,有较多的用词错误。语言结构出现较多的语法错误。

篇章结构的连贯性一般。

4-6 只包含题目所给的个别内容要点。多数内容不相关或者不准确。

文章有些地方照抄源文。

词汇贫乏,有较多的用词错误。大多数的句子出现语法错误。

篇章结构的连贯性差。

1-3 只包含与题目所给要点内容有关的一些单词。主题不明确,文

章基本照抄原文。

词汇极其贫乏,基本不能正确用词。几乎没有正确的句子。篇

章结构零乱。

0 以下几种情况,给0分:

1)完全抄袭原文(或其它文章)。

2)文不对题。

3)只写一些零散的单词,完全没有表达完整的内容。

阅读理解解析
II.阅读 (共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节 阅读理解 (共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并将答案
涂在答题卡标号为 26~45 的相应位置上。 A
Visitors to London's Millennium Dome building on the morning of November 7, 2000 would have seen much more than they had expected. The Dome, a building which was built to celebrate the beginning of the new millennium, had a special display, called “Money”, containing some of the world’s most famous diamonds.
Shortly after opening time, four men disguised as workmen drove a large digging machine past security guards at the entrance. After coming near the exhibition, they put on masks and released smoke bombs.
Their target was the Millennium Star, a 203-carat perfect blue diamond, thought to be the most beautiful large diamond in the world, and the third largest ever discovered.
Unfortunately for the thieves, the police had been keeping an eye on them for months, after seeing two gang members videotaping the diamonds two months earlier. As the thieves used hammers to break into the glass case containing the diamonds, police dressed as cleaners quickly surrounded and arrested them. The police had also swapped the diamonds for fakes a few hours before the robbery attempt.
The gang had planned to get away by speedboat along the river outside the exhibition. The two drivers of the boat were also arrested after a high-speed chase along the river. If the robbery attempt had succeeded, it would have been the largest in history-----worth 5, 000 million. The thieves were given a total of 71 years in prison, with the two main leaders receiving 18 years each.
Two years later, in February 2002, another gang of thieves succeeded in stealing millions of dollars’ worth of diamonds in Antwerp, a diamond-dealing city in Belgium. They used copied stolen keys and security passes to get into the area containing the diamonds on Sunday night. The robbery wasn’t discovered until Monday morning. The four thieves might have gotten away with the robbery, except for their carelessness----they were captured after they left a garbage bag containing security passes, videotapes, and documents with their names on the side of a road. 大意:本文讲述了两起著名的钻石抢劫(盗窃)案,一详一略,语言地道,可满足 学生的好奇心。 26. What’s the best title of the passage?

A. Careless Robbers

B. Smart Policemen

C. Diamond Robberies

D. Famous Diamonds

27. Why was the first robbery unsuccessful?

A. Because the robbers’ actions were under close observation by police.

B. Because the robbers didn’t designed the robbery carefully beforehand.

C. Because an unexpected thing happened by chance.

D. Because the real diamonds had been replaced.

解析:答案可从第 4 段第 1 行 “Unfortunately for the thieves, the police had been

keeping an eye on them for months”得知。

28. Why were the second gang of robbers caught eventually?

A. Because they were too careless. B. Because they copied the wrong keys.

C. Because they were videotaped

D. Because they used security passes.

解析:答案可从最后 1 段最后 3 行,特别是“except for their carelessness”可知。

29. What’s the similarity between the two robberies?

A. Both of them were unsuccessful.

B. Both of them happened in the same city.

C. Both of them were planned carefully in advance.

D. Both of the two gangs were caught on the spot.

解析:从两起抢劫案的过程看选 C,本题易错选 A,从最后 1 段第一行“succeeded

in stealing”可知 A 错误。

30. Which of the following statements is True according to the passage?

A. Many visitors had expected to witness the first robbery in London.

B. The Millennium Star is the largest diamond ever discovered.

C. The two main robbers in London robbery were sentenced to 71 years in prison.

D. The two speedboat drivers tried to escape before caught.

解析:从第 5 段第 2 行“The two drivers of the boat were also arrested after a

high-speed chase along the river”可知

B

At 21,Ricardo Semler became boss of his father's business in Brazil,Semco,which

sold parts for ships. Semler Junior worked like a mad man,from 7:30 am,until

midnight every day. One afternoon,while touring a factory in New York,he collapsed.

The doctor who treated him said,"There's nothing wrong with you. But if you continue

like this, you'll find a new home in our hospital. "Semler got the message. He changed

the way he worked. In fact,he changed the ways his employees worked too.

He let his workers take more responsibility so that they would be the ones

worrying when things went wrong. He allowed them to set their own salaries,and he

cut all the jobs he thought were unnecessary,like receptionists and secretaries. This saved money and brought more equality to the company. "Everyone at Semco,even top managers,meets guests in reception,does the photocopying,sends faxes,types letters and dials the phone."
He completely reorganized the office:instead of walls,they have plants at Semco, so bosses can't shut themselves away from everyone else. And the workers are free to decorate their workspace as they want. As for uniforms,some people wear suits and others wear T-shirts.
Semco has flexible working hours:the employees decide when they need to arrive at work. Also,Semco lets its workers use the company's machines for their own projects,and makes them take holidays for at least thirty days a year.
It sounds perfect,but does it work? The answer is in the numbers:in the last six years,Semco's revenues have gone from$35 million to$212 million. The company has grown from eight hundred employees to 3,000. Why?
Semler says it's because of "peer pressure". Peer pressure makes employees work hard for everyone else. If someone isn't doing his job well,the other workers will not allow the situation to continue. In other words,Ricardo Semler treats his workers like adults rather than children, and expects them to act like responsible adults. And they do. 大意:本文主要介绍巴西企业家 Ricardo Semler,摒弃传统管理模式,另辟蹊径, 独 创 了 一 套 人 性 化 的 现 代 企 业 管 理 模 式 : 以 自 由 和 信 任 为 基 础 , 借 助 “"peer pressure”,增强员工的责任心,从而努力工作,实现双赢。 31.According to Paragraph 1, which of the following statements is True?
A. Ricardo Semler is a 21-year employer. B. Semco is the name of a ship. C. Ricardo Semler fell seriously ill because of overwork. D. The doctor’s words had a great effect on Ricardo Semler. 解析:从第 1 段最后 3 行可知。 32. Semler made a variety of changes in his company Except__________. A. the staff was lessened to save money B. the employees were given less holidays every year. C. flexible working hours were introduced D. the employees enjoyed a lot of freedom 解析:文章未提假期减少了,(并且很有可能是增加了),见第 4 段最后 1 句, 故 B 不对,其余都对。 33. What’s the main idea of Paragraph five?

A. Ricardo Semler’s new management method succeeded.

B. Ricardo Semler’s idea sounded perfect but not practical.

C. The company earned a lot of money.

D. The reason for his success.

解析:第 5 段先设问,在用数据回答,表明 A 正确。

34. In his company, what does Ricardo Semler value most?

A. freedom

B. rules

C. responsibility

D. hard work

解析:从第 2 段的第 1 句中的“He let his workers take more responsibility”和文章最

后 1 句中的“responsible adults”,C 为最佳答案。

35. Which of the following best describes Semler’s quality?

A. human and creative

B. clever and diligent

C. intelligent and casual

D. considerate and selfless

解析:纵观全文,有“人情味和创造性”是他的最大特点,B.中的 diligent 是原来的

他;C. 中的 casual 是“随意的”;D.中的 selfless 文章未提到。

(解析:每题后给出了解释,并在原文中把信息来源的文字改成了蓝色。短文字 数为 371 个。)
C(新闻报道 应用文) The UK spy agency GCHQ is facing a legal challenge in the European courts over claims that its mass online surveillance(监察) programmes have invaded the privacy of tens of millions of people across the UK and Europe. Three campaign groups – Big Brother Watch, the Open Rights Group and English PEN – together with the German internet activist Constanze Kurz, have filed papers at the European court of human rights claiming that the collection of vast amounts of data by GCHQ is illegal. The move follows revelations by Edward Snowden that GCHQ has the ability to collect more than 21 petabytes of data a day – equal to sending all the information in all the books in the British Library 192 times every 24 hours. Daniel Carey, lawyer at Deighton Pierce Glynn, which is taking the case, said: "We are asking the court to declare that unlimited surveillance of much of Europe's internet communications by the UK government, and the outdated regulatory system that has permitted this, invade our privacy." Files leaked by Snowden show GCHQ and its American partner, the National Security Agency, for which he worked, have developed abilities to undertake industrial-scale surveillance of the web and mobile phone networks. This is done by searching for the servers of internet companies and collecting raw data from the undersea cables that carry web traffic. Two of the

programmes, Prism and Tempora, can sweep up vast amounts of private data, which is shared between the two countries.
The revelations have led to widespread concern in Europe and the US about the power of the UK and US security services to gather online communications. Last week Lord King, a former Conservative defence secretary, called for a review of the laws used to justify surveillance and interception(窃听) techniques.
Nick Pickles, director of Big Brother Watch, said the regulatory system was no longer fit for purpose."The laws governing how internet data is accessed were written when barely anyone had broadband access and were intended to cover old-fashioned copper telephone lines," he said."Parliament did not intend those laws to permit collecting details of every communication we send, so it's absolutely right that GCHQ is held responsible in the courts for its actions."(371w)
36. What is GCHQ accused of according to the passage? A Sending all the information in all the books in the British Library. B Collecting vast amounts of information of the US government. C Invading the privacy of a great number of Britons and Europeans . D Claiming its mass online surveillance programmes. (根据第一段第一句 The UK spy agency GCHQ is facing a legal challenge in the European courts over claims that its mass online surveillance( 监 察 ) programmes have invaded the privacy of tens of millions of people across the UK and Europe.)
37. Who revealed the secret of GCHQ? A Constanze Kurz B Edward Snowden C Daniel Carey D Lord King
(根据第二段的 The move follows revelations by Edward Snowden 或者第三段的 Files leaked by Snowden show GCHQ) 38.What doe the word “This” in Paragraph 3 refer to ? A Collection of raw data from the undersea cables. B Search for the servers of internet companies. C Ability of GCHQ to undertake surveillance of the web and mobile phone network. D Leaks of national security by its American partner. (根据第三段 abilities to undertake industrial-scale surveillance of the web and mobile phone networks.) 39. Which is TRUE according to the passage? A Lord King considered it necessary to review the laws on justifying surveillance and interception techniques.

B The revelations haven’t caused any concern in related countries. C Private data from Prism and Tempora is shared by Germany and The UK. D Nick Pickles believes that the laws on how internet data is accessed needn’t updating. (根据第四段 Last week Lord King, a former Conservative defence secretary, called for a review of the laws used to justify surveillance and interception( 窃 听 ) techniques.) 40. In which session are you likely to read the passage in a newspaper? A Science B Education C Entertainment D News (根据整篇文章谈论的话题可知。)
(解析:每题后给出了解释,并在原文中把信息来源的文字改成了蓝色。短文字 数为 346 个)
D One side effect of globalization(全球化) and the related phenomenon of greatly increased mobility is that the traditional definition(定义) of “foreigner” has passed its sell-by date.
Is a European who has lived in China longer than in his home country, becoming fluent in the language and culture in the process, still a foreigner in China, or has he become more of a foreigner in his own home town? What about a Beijinger who did her schooling in Canada and then lived and worked in mainstream society there for another 20 years while raising a family, who has no intention of returning to China? Does she think and act like a foreigner? What do we mean by this label(标签)?
When I grew up in the suburbs of Chicago, the faces you would see during a walk through a local shopping mall back in the 1960s and 1970s included almost none of Asian descent. Today the same malls are full of Asian faces, and a glance at the ranks of top scoring students in local schools reveals lots of Asian surnames.
To some extent, this is no great surprise in the American context, because America is a land of immigrants, and a cultural melting pot. Apart from the native American Indians, Americans are (or were), in some way, all foreigners anyway. Absorbing a large number of immigrants is an established pattern in American history.
In most places, the traditional foreigners were people who didn’t speak or read the local languages well, were unfamiliar with local customs and lifestyles, often engaged in relatively third-class work, and certainly not the type of people you would want your sons or daughters to marry. But, nowadays, a foreigner down the street may have better SAT scores than you did, or higher degree from a better university. He might also

be your son’s or daughter’s next employer. The traditional role models are getting mixed up, and it looks like this is just the
beginning of a new chapter. Today, the whole thing has totally changed. It’s not about where people are from or what color their skins are. It’s about who they are, what values and skills they bring, and how they think.
41.By mentioning a European and a Beijinger , the author tends to tell us______. A. it’s no long proper to define foreigners according to their birthplaces B. the label of foreigners can never be removed C. most foreigners can do well in learning languages D. it’s impossible for a foreigner get recognition abroad
42.What can be inferred from the 3rd paragraph? A. In 1960s and 1970s, Asians didn’t shop in Chicago. B. Today, more and more Asian travelers like to shop in Chicago. C. There are more Asian immigrants today than in 1960s and 1970s in Chicago. D. Most Asian students do well academically in the schools in Chicago.
43.Which is Not the feature of the traditional foreigners according to the author? A. They didn’t have good command of the local languages. B. It’s hard for them to marry local people. C. They rarely got familiar with the local customs and lifestyles. D. Most of them didn’t live at the bottom of the local society.
44. The underlined sentence in paragraph 1 has the closest meaning to________. Zxxk A. the term “foreigner” should be redefined B. the term “foreigner” should no longer be used C. there are no longer foreigners in the world today D. the term “foreigner” is not proper to define people
45.What’s the main idea of the passage? A. Globalization and mobility caused more and more immigrants. B. The standards of defining “foreigner” has thoroughly changed. C. America is a cultural melting pot. D. Immigration is a global social phenomenon.

Keys: ACDAB
答案解析: 本文为议论文,作者主要阐述了其对于“外国人”定义的理解,并提出“外国人”的定 义标准应随时代发展而改变。 41. A. 由文章第二段可知,传统意义上对“外国人”的定义会因为人们在外国的长生
活时间、对于社会及文化的高融入度而变得不再准确,所以作者想说的就是: 仅以出生地来定义“外国人”是不合适的。 42. C. 在文章第 3 段中,作者提到了在 60、70 年代,芝加哥的超市里几乎难以见 到亚洲人;但在今天,亚洲人的身影在同样的地方几乎随处可见,由此可得知 现在芝加哥的亚洲移民比 60、70 年代要多。 43. D. 由文章的第 5 段 often engaged in relatively third-class work, and certainly not the type of people you would want your sons or daughters to marry 可知,传统的 外国人多从事三流工作,且并非本国人的理想结婚对象,所以可认定他们其实 就是生活在社会的底层。 44. A. 本句中 has passed its sell-by date 意为“过时了”,或结合作者在文章最后一 段中表述的观点,可知本句的意思可理解为:“外国人”这一说法需要被重新定 义。Zxxk 45. B. 由文章的第一段及最后一段中作者较清晰且有明确倾向性的观点看,作者 是主张:由于时代的发展,对于“外国人”的定义需要变更。