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2016高考英语一轮复习 Module6 Unexplained Mysteries of the Natural World课件 外研版必修4.ppt_图文

WY英语(必修四)

Module 6 Unexplained Mysteries of the Natural World

说写作 --书面表达品经典

经 典 例 文 下面的图表反映的是某高中 2010 年与 2013 年学生健康 状况调查的部分数据,请你用英语为某报写一份报告,反映 你校四年间学生健康状况的变化情况,分析其中的原因,并 提出一些改进措施。

注意:1.报告必须包括图表中的所有内容,但不要逐条罗 列; 2.词数 100 左右; 3.题目和开头已给出,不计入总词数。 Health A recent survey shows that the health of the students in our school has been going from bad to worse in the past three years...

范 文 背 诵 Health A recent survey shows that the health of the students in our school has been going from bad to worse in the past three years. The number of shortsighted students has increased from 77% in 2010 to 93.5% in 2013, while that of overweight students from 38% to 57.2%. Nearly 15% more students don't have enough unhealthy. sleep because of more homework. students become mentally Besides, over 21% more

It seems to me that the reasons for this lie in heavier burden of study and more homework, thus making students unable to spare any time to take exercise or have enough sleep. To improve students' health, we call for less homework. Only in this way can students get plenty of sleep and be more healthy. Proper diets and exercise should also be paid attention to so that they won't easily put on weight. With their heavy burdens removed, students can then keep in normal mental health.

说基础
SHUO JI CHU

课前预习读教材
基/础/梳/理

一、重点单词 1.mysterious adj.神秘的 2.claim vt.声称 3.dive vi.潜水 4. sceptical adj.怀疑的;不相信的 5.cover vt.占地(多大面积) 6. adapt vi.适应;适合 7.disappear vi.不见;消失

8.extinct adj.绝种的;消亡了的 9.fierce adj.凶猛的;残暴的 10.generous adj.有雅量的;大方的;心地高尚的 11.reputation n.名誉;名声 12.frightening adj.吓人的→frighten v.使害怕→fright n.害怕→frightened adj.害怕的 13. exist vi.存在→existence n.存在 14. evolve vi.进化;演变→evolution n.进化,演变

15. destruction n.毁坏→destroy vt.破坏

unpredictable adj.变化莫测的→predictable adj.可预言的 16.
→predict vt.预测→prediction n.预言,预报 17. positive adj.正面的→negative adj.反面的 18. indicate vt.象征;暗示→indication n.象征,暗示 19. identity n.身份;特性→identify vt.辨别,确认 20. fortune n.运气;命运;财富→fortunate adj.幸运的

→fortunately adv.幸运的→unfortunately adv.不幸地

二、必备短语 1.go close to 2.stick 走近 伸出 继续?? 从??跳出来 声称做某事

out

3. continue to do sth. 4.jump 5. claim

out of
to do sth.

6. dive

into to do sth.

跳入?? 不可能做某事 占地?? 适应 to 与??有联系

7.be unlikely

8. cover an area of 9.adapt to

10.be related

三、经典句式 1.He claims to have seen a round black creature

moving quickly through the water.
他声称看见一个黑黑的、圆圆的动物在水中快速游动。 2.They say that the lowtemperature lake is unlikely to

be able to support such large living creatures.
他们说,水温这样低的湖泊不可能生存有体形如此巨大 的动物。

3.Some experts believe it is due to the animals the myths grew out of. 一些专家认为这些神话故事是由于动物而产生的。 4.It is 2,189 metres high and covers an area of ten square kilometres. 它海拔 2 189 米,占地约 10 平方公里。 about

说考点
SHUO KAO DIAN

拓展延伸串知识
知/识/整/合

第一讲

重点单词

1.claim v.声称;主张;要求;索赔;认领 权利;要求权;所有权 ?归纳拓展 claim to do sth./that... 声称?主张?做某事 claim sth. from sb. for sth.为??向某人索要?? It is claimed that... 有人主张/宣称?? make a claim for... 要求??

n.断言;

Every citizen may claim the protection of the law. 每个公民都可以要求受到法律的保护。 Doctors claimed to have discovered a cure for the disease. 医生声称已经找到了治疗该疾病的方法。 It was claimed that some doctors were working 80 hours a week. 据说有些医生每周工作 80 小时。

即境活用

(1)A man

the accident called the police.

一个声称是事故目击者的男子给警方打了电话。 (2)As the victim in the accident, I will the injuries I suffered. 作为这次事故的受害者,我将就遭受的伤害提出索赔要 求。

答案 for

(1)claiming to have witnessed

(2)make a claim

2.adapt vt. 使适应;改编 vi.适应 adapt to... 适应?? adapt sth. (for...) (为??)把某物改编;(为??)把某物 改装 adapt sth. from... 根据??改编某物 adapt oneself to... 使自己适应??(to 为介词)

The reintroducing experience three years ago shows that manraised parrots are unable to adapt to the wild. 三年前将这些鹦鹉放生的经历表明,人工喂养的鹦鹉已 不能适应野外环境了。 The materials can be adapted for use with older children. 这些材料改一下可以给大一点的孩子用。 It took us a good while to adapt ourselves to the new surroundings there. 过了好一阵子我们才适应了那儿的新环境。

【易混辨析】 adapt 与 adjust adapt 指通过修改或改变,使某物或某人适应新条件或 新环境。 adjust 指借正确的判断或熟练的技巧“调整或调节”, 以使两者互相适应。

即境活用

用 adapt,adjust 的适当形式填空 (1)Only in this way can we and enjoy ourselves when it comes. (2)You can child. this desk to the height of any to the future life

答案

(1)adapt (2)adjust

3.calm v.(使)平静,镇定 静;安静;宁静 ?归纳拓展 calm oneself 平静下来 calm down ?使?安静下来 keep calm 保持冷静

adj.平静的,沉着的

n.平

The first thing you must do is to calm yourself. 你第一件要做的事,就是自己要冷静下来。 But eventually at the end of the first week she calmed down. 但最终在第一周的周末,她平静了下来。 Keep calm, and try not to panic. 沉住气,别惊慌!

【词语辨析】 calm 平静的,镇静的。指无风浪或人的心境镇定自若。 quiet still 宁静的,安静的。指没有声音、不吵闹或心里没有 烦恼、焦虑。 静止的,不动的。指没有运动或动作的状态。

沉默的, 不发音的。 指没有声音或不讲话。 silent 寂静的,

It is important to keep calm in an emergency. 情况紧急的时候,保持镇静是重要的。 Could you keep the kids quiet while I'm on the phone? 我在打电话,你让孩子们安静点好吗? Stay still while I take photos of you. 我给你拍照时不要动。 As the curtain rose, the audience fell silent. 幕启时,观众安静下来。

即境活用 Hurry up! The black clouds

(indicated) that

it is going to rain soon.
答案与解析 indicate 句意:快点儿,乌云表明很快就 要下雨了。indicate“表明,指示”。

4.fortune n.财产,大笔的钱;机会;运气 (1)seek one's fortune 找出路,碰运气 come into a fortune 继承一大笔财产 make a fortune 发财 (2)fortunate adj.幸运的,侥幸的(=lucky) fortunately adv.幸运地(=luckily)

That ring must be worth a fortune. 那枚戒指肯定要值很多钱。 But if you don't work hard, no fortune will come. 但是如果你不努力,机遇是不会来的。 When he was young, he would dream of making a fortune. 当他小时,他常常梦想发大财。

I was fortunate in having a good teacher. 我很幸运,有位好老师。 Fortunately, his stepmother was very kind to him. 幸运的是,他的继母对他非常好。

即境活用

完成句子 (1)He went there just to 他去那里只是为了碰碰运气而已。 (2)She has the to work with a creative team. .

能与一个有创造力的团队共事,她很幸运。

(3)Many people hope to selling houses. 许多人希望通过卖房子来赚大钱。
答案 fortune (1)try his fortune (2)fortune

by

(3)make a

5.reputation n.名誉,声望 ?归纳拓展 have a reputation for sth.以某事出名 of great/good/high reputation享有盛名的,很有声望的 live up to one's reputation 名不虚传 lose one's reputation 名誉扫地

The store has an excellent reputation for fair dealing. 这家商店因公平交易而获好名声。 Martin lived up to his reputation and arrived late. 马丁果然不出所料,姗姗来迟。 As a result, people will not trust you any longer and you will lose your reputation and all your friends. 结果,人们不会再信任你,你将失去名誉和你所有的朋 友。

即境活用

语法填空 The doctor is skilled at treating heart trouble and never accepts any gift from his patients, so he has a very good (repute).

答案与解析 reputation 考查名词。句意:这位医生擅 长治疗心脏病并且他从不接受病人的礼物,因而有很高的声 望。reputation“名誉,声望”。

第二讲

必备短语

1.throw light on 帮助弄清楚;阐明某事 ?归纳拓展 cast/shed/turn light on/upon阐明;使人理解某事; 使某事更为清楚 cast/throw doubt on 使人们对??产生怀疑 throw a light/shadows 发出光亮/投射影子

The information can throw light on the mystery of Dr. Brown. 这个信息可以解开布朗医生之谜。 In doing so, he had thrown doubt on some people's religious beliefs. 他这样做,使人们对某些人的宗教信仰产生怀疑。 The trees threw long, dark shadows across the cornfield. 树木在玉米地里投下长长的黑影。

即境活用

翻译以下短语 (1)cast light on=throw light on (2)bring...to light (3)come to light (4)see the light

答案 发现

(1)阐明,使较容易理解

(2)揭露;暴露;揭示; (4)理解;领悟

(3)暴露;为人所知;真相大白

2.due to 因为;由于 His absence was due to the storm. 他的缺席是因为暴风雨。 Most of the problems were due to human error. 多数问题都是人为错误造成的。 Accidents due to driving at high speed were very common that weekend. 在那个周末因高速驾驶造成的交通事故很多。

due to sb.应支付??,应给予??,欠下 due to do sth./due for sth.预定/约定?? in due time 在适当的时候 in due form 用适当的形式 The flight from Boston is due at 9?30. 从波士顿来的航班应于 9 点 30 分到达。

The meeting isn't due to start until three. 会议预定到 3 点钟才开始。 I'm due for a pay rise soon. 不久就该给我加工资了。

【易混辨析】 because of,due to,owing to 与 thanks to 这四个短语都有“由于”、“因为”的意思,都是介词 短语,因此后面不可接从句。 (1)because of 只能用作状语。如: We must not get discouraged because of such a minor setback. 我们决不可因为这样一个小小的挫折就灰心丧气。

(2)due to 一般只用作表语。如: This accident was due to his carelessness. 这场事故是由于他的粗心引起的。 (3)owing to 既可以用作状语,也可以用作表语,平常多 用于前一种情况,它引导的状语必须是修饰全句的,因此严 格来讲应用逗号和主句分开。如: They decided to postpone the trip,owing to the change of the weather. 由于天气变化,他们决定延期起程。

(4)thanks to 只能用作状语,可以表达正面意思,“幸 亏”,也可用于讽刺口吻中(近于讽刺口吻的“感谢”)。如: Thanks to your advice,much trouble was saved. 幸亏有你的主意,省了许多麻烦。 Thanks to the bad weather,the match had been put off. 多亏这倒霉的天气,比赛推迟了。

即境活用 完成句子

(1)Several traffic accidents happened on the highway the heavy fog in the morning. 由于早晨的大雾,公路上发生了几起交通事故。 (2)The death toll greatly reduced. 由于醉酒驾车造成的死亡人数已经极大地下降了。 has been

(3)Have they received the money 他们是否收到了应付给他们的钱? (4)His new book 他的新书预计 11 月份出版。

them?

in November.

答案

(1)due to

(2)due to drunk driving

(3)due to

(4)due to come out

3.come straight to the point 谈正题;开门见山 ?归纳拓展 come to/get to/reach the point 谈正题;直切正题 miss the point 抓不住重点 beside/off the point 离题的,不重要的 to the point 简明恰当,简洁中肯 There's no point in doing sth. 做某事没有意义 on the point of ?doing? sth. 正要做某事

I'll come straight to the point — your work isn't good enough. 我要直截了当地说——你的工作做得不够好。 Was I hearing him right, or had I completely missed the point? 我是听明白了他说的话呢,还是完全没有领会他的意 思?

I could see that there was no point in arguing with him. 我明白与他争论没有什么意义。 I was on the point of leaving when you telephoned. 你来电话时,我正要离开。

即境活用

补全下列“point”短语或结构 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) 事??这时?? (6)There is no point 做某事没有意义 the point 言归正传;开门见山 the point 抓不住要领 the point 中肯地;切题地 the point 离题;不切要领 doing sth...when... 刚 要 做 某

答案 (4)off

(1)come to/get to

(2)miss (3)to (6)in doing sth.

(5)be on the point of

第三讲

经典句式

1. He claims to have seen a round black creature moving quickly through the water. 他声称看见一个黑黑的,圆圆的动物在水中快速游动。 不定式的时态有三种: (1)不定式的一般式:to+动词原形。表示与主动词同一 时间发生或动作发生在主动词之后。

(2)不定式的进行式:to be doing。表示与主动词同一时 间发生,并且动作正在进行。 (3)不定式的完成式:to have+p.p.。表示发生在主动词 之前。

I expect to see my old classmates. 我希望见到我的老同学。 He pretended to be sleeping when his father came in. 当爸爸进来时,他假装正在睡觉。 The teacher seemed to have known about it. 老师好像已经知道这件事了。

即境活用 用动词的正确形式填空

(1)What do you enjoy most summer holidays? (2)It is silly of me (3)He seemed

(kill) time in the

(put) all eggs in one basket. (write) when I came in.

That was the worst mistake I've ever made.

答案

(1)to kill

(2)to have put (3)to be writing

2.They say that the lowtemperature lake is unlikely to be able to support such large living creatures. 他们说,水温这样低的湖泊不可能生存有体形如此巨大 的动物。 (1)本句可以转化为:They say that it is unlikely that the lowtemperature lake is able to support such large living creatures.

(2)本句使用了 be unlikely to do sth.这一结构,它的用法 等同于 be likely to do sth.。主要有下述用法: ①主语(具体人/物)+be (un)likely to do sth. ②It(形式主语)+be (un)likely to do sth. ③It(形式主语)+be (un)likely+thatclause

(3)①likely 与 unlikely 不能用于 It's likely/unlikely for sb. to do sth.这一结构,而 possible 与 probable 可以用于 It's possible/probable/impossible for sb. to do sth.这一结构。 ②(be) possible 与(be) probable 的主语不能是具体的某 人或物。

即境活用 用 possible,likely,unlikely 填空

(1)He is recreation. (2)It is (3)It is always dependable.

to attend the party. He likes for him to study well. that he can give away the secret. He is

答案

(1)likely

(2)possible (3)unlikely