当前位置:首页 >> 其它课程 >>


Unit10 grammar

祈使句中主语通常省略;其它省略主语 多限于少数现成的说法。

(1) (I) Thank you for your help. (2) (I) See you tomorrow.

(3) (It) Doesn’t matter.
(4) (I) Beg your pardon.

2、省略主谓或主谓语的一部分 (1) (There is) No smoking .

(2) (Is there) Anything wrong ?
(3) (Will you) Have a smoke ? (4) What/How (do you think) about a cup of tea ? (5) Why (do you) not say hello to him ?

3、省略作宾语的不定式短语,只保留to,但如果 该宾语是动词be或完成时态,则须在之后加上be 或have:
(1) –Are you going there? --Yes, I’d like to (go there).

(2) He didn’t give me the chance, though he had promised to (give me the chance).
(3) –Are you an engineer? --No, but I want to be.

(4) –He hasn’t finished the task yet. --Well, he ought to have.

4、省略表语 (1) –Are you thirsty? --Yes, I am (thirsty). (2) His brother isn’t lazy, nor is his sister (lazy). 5、同时省略几个成分 (1) Let’s meet at the same place as (we met) yesterday. (2) –-Have you finished your work ? ---(I have) Not (finished my work) yet.

(1) ( I’m ) Sorry to hear you are ill. (2) ( It’s a ) Pity that he missed such a good chance.

(1) –Is he coming back tonight? --I think so.

(2) –She must be busy now? --If so, she can’t go with us.
(3) –Is she feeling better today? --I’m afraid not. (4) –Do you think he will attend the meeting? --I guess not. 这种用法常见的有:How so? Why so? Is that so? I hope so. He said so.及I suppose/believe/hope not.

两个并列句中,后一个分句常省略与前一分句 中相同的部分。 (1) My father is a doctor and my mother (is) a nurse. (2) I study at college and my sister (studies) at high school. (3) When summer comes, the day is getting longer and longer, and the night (is getting) shorter and shorter.

(1)宾语从句中常省略连词that,但也有不能省略的情况。 (2) 在定语从句中,that在从句中作宾语时可省略.另外,凡 是进行时态和被动语态的定语从句都可省略关系代词和 be 动词。

2、在某些状语从句中,从句的主语与主句的主语 一致时,可省去“主语+be”部分
(1) When (he was) still a boy of 10, he had to work day and night.

(2) She tried her best though (she was) rather poor in health.

(3) If (you are) asked you may come in.
(4) If (it is) necessary I’ll explain to you again.

(1)并列的不定式可省去后面的 to.

I told him to sit down and wait for a moment.
(2) help 当“帮助”讲时,后面的宾语或宾补的不定式符号to 可带可不带.

I will help (to) do it for you.
I will help you (to) do it.

(3)介词but前若有动词do,后面的不定式不带 to.
The boy did nothing but play.

(4) 某些使役动词(let, make, have)及感官动词(see, watch, hear, notice, observe, feel, look at, listen to等)后面作宾 语补足语的不定式一定要省去 to, 但在被动语态中须将 to 复原。

I saw the boy fall from the tree.
The boy was seen to fall from the tree. The boss made us work 12 hours a day. We were made to work 12 hours a day.

(5) 主语从句中有动词do,后面作表语的不定式的 to可带可 不带。 All we can do now is (to) wait. (6) find 当“发现”讲时,后面作宾语补足语的不定式符号to 可带可不带。 We found him (to) work very hard at the experiment.

但如果是不定式 to be,则不能省略。
She found him to be dishonest.

4、连词if在部分虚拟条件句中可省略,但从句要 倒装。
(1) Had they time, they would certainly come and help us. (2) Were I you, I would do the work better. (3)Should there be a flood, what should we do?

The sooner (you do it), the better (it will be).

1.She can hold her longer than I can hold my breath. 2.Do not bathe if you do not want to bath.
3.She could not decide whether to go on a trip or not to go On a trip. 4.They had a meal ,they went out for a walk and they came Back to sleep.

e.g. 1. Generally speaking, ________according to directions, the drug has no side effect. B when taken A. when taking B. C. when to take D. when to be taken 2. Though ________ money, his parents managed to send him to university. A. lacked B. lacking of C. lacking D. lacked in C 3. When ________, the museum will be open to the public next year. A A. completed B. completing C. being completed D. to be completed 4. The research is so designed that once ______ nothing can be done to change it. A. begins B. having begun D begun C. beginning D.

D 1.If_____,we’ll continue our experiment after office hours. A.being necessary B.be necessary C.is necessary D.necessary D 2.Raining hard,____? A doesn’t it B.dose it C.is it D.isn’t it 3.Have you been here long? (A) A.No, not very B.Not much C. Yes,only little D. No, only yesterday 4.------Does your brother intend to study German? ------Yes, he intends______. B A/ B.to C.so D.that


5. If ________ the same treatment again, he's sure to get well. A. Giving B. give C. C given D. being given 6. While building a tunnel through the mountain, ________. A. an underground lake was discovered B. there was an underground lake discovered C. a lake was discovered underground D D. the workers discovered an underground lake

7. --- You should have thanked her before you left. --- I meant ________, but when I was leaving I couldn't find her anywhere. B to A. to do B. C. doing D. doing it 8. The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, but his mother told him ________. A. A not to B. not to do C. not do it D. do not to 9. --- I'll be away on a business trip. Would you mind looking after my cat? ---Not at all. ________. A. I've no time B. I'd rather not C. I'd like it D. D I'd be happy to

10.What would have happened ________, as far as the river bank? A. Bob had walked farther B. if Bob should walk farther C C. had Bob walked farther D. if Bob walked farther 11. --- Do you think it's going to rain over the weekend? --- ________. A. I don't believe B. I don't believe it C. I believe not so D. D I believe not 12. ---What do you think made Mary so upset? ---________her new bicycle. A. As she lost B. Lost C C. Losing D. Because of losing

13. One of the sides of the board should be painted yellow, and________. A. the other is white B. another white C. D. another is white C the other white 14. --- Would you like some wine? --- Yes, just ________. A. little B. very little C C. a little D. a few

Finish all the exercises at Pages 78, 79 & 147.

http://www.sinoifood.com/ 猫先生电竞



了。你有缘遇上了他们,他们救了你,也想帮助你。但是啊,你们的缘尽了,你们也就只能是分开了。这以后啊,耿大哥你的 缘在咱们这里呢!咱们的兄弟缘分,尚儿、英子、武儿和你的父子、父女缘分,这都是上天给的啊!”耿老爹听了,心里豁然 开朗了不少,说:“李大哥你说的极有理,随缘最好,咱就随缘吧!”到此时,李长善才与耿老爹互问了年庚,原来耿老爹还 小李长善两岁呢!于是,李长善夫妇俩就不再喊他耿大哥,而改称耿兄弟了。看这老哥儿俩说得如此投机,又想到李长善那已 经不可能康复的旧疾患,不但医术超群,而且胸怀坦荡的华老郎中想了很多,很多??69第七十三回 华郎中妙手治顽疾|(华 郎中远道南昌来,针灸精湛医德高;连续数十日,记忆之门渐开启。)真正是“山穷水尽疑无路,柳暗花明又一村”,就在李 长善夫妇俩无奈地决定了放弃为耿老爹继续医治的时候,李长善的外甥忽然从南昌远道来看望舅舅一家。听舅舅详细讲述了耿 老爹的病情,以及前前后后的医治过程,还有眼下一直不见好转的这样一种情况后,这位同样善良热情的李外甥认真地对舅舅 说:“我最近经常听人们议论,说是南昌一带有一位姓华的老郎中,不但医德人品非常之好,而且针灸疗法甚是精湛,尤其在 由于巨大的精神打击而导致的情致恍惚这一类顽疾,更是无人可比,因此被人们称作“华佗在世”。您不妨请他来给这位耿伯 伯医治医治,或许可以医治得好呢!”李长善听着有理,就说:“你这次回去了就去找这位华郎中,告诉他舅舅这儿的地址, 请求他务必辛苦一趟来咱家住些日子。不管花费多少银子,舅舅也一定请这位神医给耿大哥再医治医治!看这大恩人老是这个 样子,舅舅和你舅母的心里很不落忍呢!”就在这位李外甥走后不久的一日午后,果然有一名气宇不凡的老者提着一个小巧的 硬壳皮箱找上门来。他自称姓华,会一些针灸疗法,是南昌的一个年青人给了地址托他来的。李长善夫妻大喜,赶快安排华老 郎中在家里住了下来。随后,夫妻俩就将先前从王郎中口中听到的,以及自从救了自家小儿子以来耿老爹的所有表现,还有他 们已经给做过的所有医治经过,全都详详细细地给老先生讲述和描述了一遍。最后,才把带着自家的三个娃儿在坡地上干活儿 归来的耿老爹叫过来与华老郎中见面。华老郎中仔细地为耿老爹把了脉,又和颜悦色地从各个方面攀谈交流一番,满有信心地 对李长善夫妻说:“请放心,我保证为这位贤人治好病!只是他这毛病拖得有些久了,医治的时间恐怕会略长一些罢了。”李 长善夫妇听了非常高兴,连声说:“只要老先生能治好我们这位耿大哥的病,时间长一些没有关系啊!”耿老爹却说:“老先 生,我并没有什么病啊!只是记性有些个不好,以前的好些事情都

Unit10_SectionA(Grammar_focus-3c)名师教案(人教版八年级上册英语)_初二英语_...学习掌握下列词汇:upset, taxi, advice,进行一步复习巩固学习 Section A 部分所...
八年级英语《Unit 1-10 grammar》练习
八年级英语Unit 1-10 grammar》练习_教学案例/设计_教学研究_教育专区。八年级英语Unit 1-10 grammar》练习 人教新目标版 Unit2 1 出了什么事?__ ___ ...
人教版英语八年级上册unit10_sectiona(grammar_focus-3c)随堂练习 - Unit10 SectionA(Grammar Focus-3c)随堂练习 一、根据句意及汉语...
人教版英语八年级上册unit10(SectionAGrammarFocus-3c)课堂达标]练习题(无答案) - Unit 10 If you go to the party, you’ll h...
高二英语第一学期教学计划表 - 徐州市辅仁中学 2017-2018 学年一学期 高二年级英语教学计划 上时考时课间试间 2017.9.1 期中期末教 2017.11.10...
标签: 英语学习| 英语| 课文| 九年级|九年级英语第十单元课文翻译_英语_初中教育_教育专区。新目标九年级英语第十单元课文翻译 ...
八年级英语上册Unit10第2课时SectionAGrammarFocus_3c课时测试题新版人教新目标版 - Unit 10 If you go to the party, you’ll ha...
八年级下册英语unit1-unit10课文翻译_英语_初中教育...犬”~“幸运儿”很聪明,能 听懂很多的英语单词。...以便 他们能进入一所好的高中, 随后上一所好的 ...