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高中英语_过去分词的用法_图文

1. Most of the artists _____ to the party were from South Africa. (’90NMET) A. invited B. to invite C. being invited D. had been invited
2. As soon as she entered the room, the girl caught sight of the flowers ____ by her mother. (’93上海) A.buying B. being bought C. were bought D. bought

5. Don’t use words, expressions or phrases _____ only to people with specific knowledge. (’93上海) A.being known B. having been known C. to be known D. known
6. The computer center,_____ last year, is very popular among the students in this school. ( ’93NMET) A. open B. opening C. having opened D. opened

定语 过去分词 作定语 与表语 表语 用法归纳

一、作定语 动词的过去分词作定语时表示动作的被 动和完成,单独及物动词的过去分词一 般置于被修饰名词前,而过去分词短语 则要位于名词之后。 The lost child was found at last. The child lost in the park was found at last.

The lost child was found at last. The child lost in the park was found at last.
Prices of daily goods _____through a computer can be lower than store prices.(2002春招) A. are bought B. bought C. been bought D. buying

过去分词作定语与其它非谓语形式的区别: 1. 过去分词done表示被动和完成; 2. 现在分词的主动式doing表示主动的、 正在进行的动作; 3. 现在分词的被动式being done表示被动 的、正在进行的动作; 4. 不定式的主动式to do表示一个将要发生 的主动动作; 5. 不定式的被动式to be done则表示一个 将要发生的被动动作

held _______ yesterday

The meeting (hold)

being held now ___________ to be held tomorrow __________

is of great importance. (hold)

二. 表语 动词的过去分词作表语,其实可以看作是 过去分词的形容词化,说明的是主语在 该动作完成后所处的状态,也有一定的 被动意味。常用一般现在时和一般过去 时,常见可以用作表语的过去分词有 closed, covered, dressed, shut, broken, wounded, killed, finished, completed, injured, lost, gone, typed, known, written等。

7. Cleaning women in big cities get _____ by the hour. (’98NMET) A.pay B. paying C. paid D. to pay 8. As we joined the big crowd I got _____ from my friends. (2001NMET) A.separated B. spared C. lost D. missed

9. The pilot asked all the passengers on board to remain ___ as the plane was making a landing. (’05上海春招) A.seat B. seating C. seated D. to be seating 10. Sarah, hurry up. I’m afraid you can’t have time to _____ before the party. (’04全国I) A.get changed B. get change C. get changing D. get to change

巩固练习 1. The students, ______ at the way the question was put, didn’t know how to answer it. A. being surprised B. surprising C. surprised D. having surprised

2. The first textbooks _____ for teaching English as a foreign language came out in the 16th century. (NMET 94) A.having written B. to be written C. being written D. written

3. Look at the note_____ to the door, you will see that someone paid a visit when we are away. A.pinning B. pinned C. being pinned D. is pinned 4. I was very ____ to find all the tickets had been sold out when I got there. A.disappoint B. to disappoint C. disappointing D. disappointed

5.--- A woman was killed. --- Where is the body of the ______ woman? A. murder B. murdered C. murdering D. having murdered 6. ______ English is as important as ______ English. A. Written; spoken B. Writing; spoke C. To write; speaking

2过去分词作状语(1)原因状语 1)Born into a poor family , he had only years of schooling . 2)Wounded in the leg , the soldier had to lie in bed . 3)Not satisfied with the result , we decided to make the experiment again . 4)Having been criticized by the teacher , Li Ming gave up smoking . 5)Lost in thought , he didn't notice a woman come into the room .

(2)时间状语 Seen from the hill , the city looks beautiful . 从山上往下看,这个城市 看起来很漂亮。 (3) 条件状语 Given more time, we are sure to finish it . 多给点时间, 我们一定能及时完成任 务。

4) 作背景状语 ? Supported by the people , our troops ( 部队)struck back with guns and machine-guns . ? 在人民的支持下, 我们的部队用步枪和 机枪回击。 ? Inspired(鼓舞) by the spirit of the spider (蜘蛛), Bruce called his men together and made a careful plan. ? 在蜘蛛的精神鼓舞下,布鲁斯召集他的部 下,制定详细的计划.

? 特殊情况: 一些表示独立的分词(短 语),其逻辑主语与句子的主语是不一致的, 常见的这样的句子(短语)有: ? Generally speaking , boys are more interested in such activities than girls . ? Supposing (Suppose ) he is absent , what shall we do ? ? 假设他不在,我 们怎么办? ? Judging from his accent (口音),he must be from the South . ? 从他的口音上看,他肯定来自南方

7. ______ with the size of the whole earth , the biggest ocean does not seem big at all.(NMET 2004 湖北) A. Compare B. When comparing C. Comparing D. When compared 8. The pilot asked all the passengers on board to remain ______ as the plane was making a landing. (NMET 2004上海 春) A. seat B. seating

C. seated

D. to be seating

9. When first ______ to the market, these products enjoyed great success.(NMET 2004 II) A. introducing B. introduced C. introduce D. being introduced
10. Friendship is like money: easier made than ______. (NMET 2003上海 春) A. kept B. to be kept C. keeping D. being kept

11. He had his leg ______ when playing football. A. break B. to break C. breaking D. broken
12. With the homework ______, he was allowed to watch the football match. A. finished C. to finish B. finishing D. to be finished

13. With his finger ______ to the ______ window, the teacher asked: “Who did that?” A. pointing; broken B. pointed; broken C. pointing; breaking D. pointed; breaking 14. Your umbrella wants ______. Do you want it ______? A. repairing; repairing B. repairing; repaired C. to repaired; to be repaired D. to be repaired; repairing


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