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河北省大名县第一中学2018_2019高二英语下学期第九周考试试题(含参考答案)

大名县第一中学 2018-2019 高二英语下学期第九周考试试题
第一部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节(共 20 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑.
A As computers become more popular in China, Chinese people are increasingly relying on computer keyboards to input Chinese characters. But if they use the computer too much, they may end up forgetting the exact strokes(笔画)of each Chinese character when writing on paper. Experts suggest people, especially students, write by hand more. Do you write by hand more or type more? In Beijing, students start using a computer as early as primary school.And computer dependence is more wide?spread among university students. Almost all their assignments and essays are typed on a computer. All the students interviewed say they usually use a computer. It’s faster and easier to correct if using a computer. And that’s why computers are being applied more and more often to modern education. But when people are taking stock in computers increasingly, problems appear. “When I’m writing with a pen, I find I often can’t remember how to write a character, though I feel I’m familiar with it.” “I’m not in the mood to write when faced with a pen and paper.” Many students don’t feel this is something to worry about. Now that it’s more convenient and efficient to write on a computer, why bother to handwrite? Many educators think differaently. Shi Liwei, the headmaster of a famous primary school in the capital said “Chinese characters enjoy both practical and aesthetic(审 美的)value. But those characters typed with computer keyboards only maintain their practical value. All the artistic beauty of the characters is lost. And handwriting contains the writer’s emotion. Through one’s handwriting, people can get to know one’s thinking and personality.Beautiful writing will give people a better first impression of them.” To encourage students to handwrite more, many primary schools in Beijing have made writing classes compulsory(必修的) and in universities, some professors are asking students to turn in their homework and essays written by hand.
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1.The students interviewed prefer to write using a computer mainly because________.

A.they are usually asked to e?mail their homework and essays

B.they can correct the mistakes they make quickly and conveniently

C.they find it not easy to remember how to write a character

D.computers have become a trend and fashion in China

2.Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE of the advantages of handwriting?

A.Handwriting contains the writer’s emotion.

B.The writer’s thinking and personality are shown in his or her handwriting.

C.Handwriting can impress people well and build one’s self?confidence.

D.Chinese characters enjoy both practical and aesthetic value.

3.The underlined expression “taking stock in”(Paragraph 4) probably means________.

A.getting bored with

B.getting dependent on

C.becoming crazy about

D.getting curious about

4.We can draw the conclusion from the passage that________.

A.more and more students will give up writing on a computer

B.writing by hand will give way to typing by computer one day

C.more and more students will pay attention to handwriting

D.the typing article better expresses one’s emotion and quality

B

While astronauts in space get to do many exciting things, they miss out on ordinary

things that we all take for granted—being able to walk on firm ground, hanging out

with family and digging into a slice of hot steaming pizza. Though not much can be

done about the first two things, there may soon be a solution to the third one, thanks

to this cool 3-D pizza printer!

About a year ago, NASA offered $125,000 to Anjan Contractor, a 3-D technology

expert, to build a device that would allow astronauts to make pizza on demand. The

mechanical engineer promised that his invention would produce pies in large quantities

that looked, tasted and even smelled like pizza made in common ovens.

Late last year, the engineer presented a video of his first prototype(原型)

that begins by creating a single slice of dough(面团)that is cooked and printed

at the same time. Then comes the tomato “sauce”—a mix of tomato powder, oil and

water and finally, a protein slice that looks like cheese. While the video doesn’t

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show the baking process, the inventor says that once the pizza is printed, it can be ready to be consumed in 7 seconds.
While the pie in the video looks delicious enough to attract any pizza lover, Anjan Contractor is far from ready for astronauts. That’s because he still has to find a solution to make the food container in the printer last for 30 years. Though that may sound unrealistic, actually it is not. Anjan Contractor believes that the only way that is possible is that the water is removed from all the ingredients and then they are reduced to the powder form. This, as you can imagine, will not be so easy. But, while the printer may not be ready for space, it certainly looks ready enough for people on earth. Hopefully, NASA and Contractor will consider selling it to those not fortunate enough to go to Mars!
5. Why does the author mention the things that astronauts in space cannot do? A. To ask us not to take common things for granted. B. To show they live a difficult life there. C. To show their life is boring in space. D. To introduce the topic of the text. 6. NASA offered $125,000 to Anjan Contractor mainly to ________. A. create some new type of 3-D printer B. attract more companies to work for NASA C. help astronauts in space enjoy fresh pizza one day D. produce pizza in large quantities to earn great profits 7. The biggest challenge that Anjan Contractor is faced with now is probably that ________. A. he has no money left to go on with his research B. the pizza doesn’t seem appetizing to pizza lovers C. he has no way to make pizza that can last for thirty years D. he cannot make the food container last for decades 8. What’s the best title of the passage? A. NASA is trying its best to help astronauts eat better
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B. Astronauts may soon be able to enjoy steaming hot pizza C. NASA is working on making pizza for common people D. A 3-D pizza printer has been used to make pizza
C For thousands of years, people thought of glass as something beautiful to look at. Only recently have they come to think of it as something to look through. Stores display their goods in large glass windows. Glass bottles and jars that hold food and drink allow us to see the contents. Glass is used to make eyeglasses, microscopes, telescopes, and many other extremely useful and necessary objects. Until the Second World War, most of the glass used for optical(光学的)instruments was imported from Europe. However, during the war Americans could not get European glass, and they were forced to make their own. Therefore, new kinds of glasses were developed that had been previously unknown. These new effects were achieved by mixing other chemical elements with the sand. Some of these new glasses are very strong and can resist many kinds of shocks. Legend has it that a very hard glass was invented by a Roman who showed his discovery to the Emperor. When the Emperor saw the glass he feared that it would become more valuable than gold and sliver, making his treasure worthless. Therefore, he had the glassmaker killed, and the secret was not discovered again for hundreds of years. In the present century, safety glass was invented for use in modern cars and planes. Safety glass is made by placing a layer of plastic between two layers of plate glass. When the outside layer of glass is broken, the pieces do not scatter(散开)and injure people. Some glass of the type is strong enough to resist bullets(子弹). Although nowadays plastics have replaced glass under conditions where glass might be easily broken, there are new uses being developed, for the greatest advantage of glass is that its component(组成的)parts are inexpensive and can be found all over the world. 9. As time goes by, glass ________. A. is regarded as transparent B. is used to make things look pleasant
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C. is seen as more than decoration D. is widely used to replace steel in making containers 10. Why did Americans make their own glass during the Second World War? A. The war blocked the way of glass import. B. The glass made in Europe was out of date. C. They refused to use the European glass. D. They were able to make a new kind of glass. 11. Why does the author tell us the legend? A. To prove the Roman was the first inventor of hard glass. B. To support the Americans were as clever as the Romans. C. To give some information about hard glass. D. To provide a historical event concerned with hard glass. 12. Why are new uses of glass being developed? A. Because glass is not as safe as plastics. B. Because glass is cheap and easily obtainable. C. Because glass is not as strong and durable as plastics. D. Because glass is more and more widely used.
D In ancient Egypt, a shopkeeper discovered that he could attract customers to his shop simply by making changes to its environment. Modern businesses have been following his lead, with more tactics(策略). One tactic involves where to display the goods. For example, stores place fruits and vegetables in the first section. They know that customers who buy the healthy food first will feel happy so that they will buy more junk food(垃圾食品)later in their trip. In department stores,the women’s shoe section is generally next to the women’s cosmetics(化妆品)section: while the shop assistant is going back to find the right size shoe, bored customers are likely to wander over and find some cosmetics they might want to try later. Besides, businesses seek to appeal to customers' senses. Stores notice that the smell of baked goods encourages shopping, so they make their own bread each morning
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and then fan the bread smell into the store throughout the day. Music sells goods, too. Researchers in Britain found that when French music was played, sales of French wines went up.
When it comes to the selling of houses, businesses also use highly rewarding tactics. They find that customers make decisions in the first few seconds upon walking in the door, and turn it into a business opportunity. A California builder designed the structure of its houses smartly. When entering the house, the customer would see the Pacific Ocean through the windows, and then the pool through an open stairway leading to the lower level. The instant view of water on both levels helped sell these $10 million houses. 13.Why do stores usually display fruits and vegetables in the first section? A.To save customers time. B.To show they are high quality foods. C.To help sell junk food. D.To sell them at discount prices. 14.According to Paragraph 3, which of the following encourages customers to buy? A.Opening the store early in the morning. B.Displaying British wines next to French ones. C.Inviting customers to play music. D.Filling the store with the smell of fresh bread. 15.What is the California builder’s story intended to prove? A.The house structure is a key factor customers consider. B.The more costly the house is, the better it sells. C.An ocean view is much to the customers' taste. D.A good first impression increases sales. 16.What is the main purpose of the passage? A.To explain how businesses turn people into their customers. B.To introduce how businesses have grown from the past. C.To report researches on customer behavior. D.To show dishonest business practices.
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E Are you wishing for the days when your feed was filled with posts from friends you care about the most?The good news is that you can fix your Facebook News Feed to show more posts that interest you and fewer that do not.By taking just a few minutes to fix your feed,you may be able to enjoy Facebook again. ●No need to unfriend anyone. Just set your feed to see what you want to see and hide what you do not want to see. See important friends first Facebook lets you choose which friends'posts show at the top of your News Feed.Maybe you have dear friends who do not post often,but you want to be sure you see their posts first. You can easily choose whose posts you want to see first by changing your News Feed settings. ●Procedures:On the Facebook website,tap the Down arrow in the upper right corner of the blue bar at the top of the screen.Then,choose “News Feed Preferences.” Then click on “List who to see first.” Choose the names of people whose posts you want to see at the top of your News Feed.The final step is to click"Done"at the bottom. Block friends'posts without unfriending anyone You may be best friends with someone in real life but have no interest in their Facebook posts.Maybe they post angry messages or childish videos.Facebook lets you secretly block friends'posts from your feed.No one will know you blocked them unless you tell them. ●Procedures:The process is simple.Tap the Down arrow in the upper right corner of the blue bar at the top of the Facebook page . Then , choose"News Feed Preferences."Next,choose"Unfollow people to hide their posts."Then,mark the friends you want to unfollow.This will prevent their posts from appearing in your News Feed.When you finish blocking,just tap"Done". 17.What does the text guide people to do? A.To update information on Facebook.
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B.To reset Facebook for receiving posts. C.To search for favourite posts on Facebook. D.To download an application for Facebook. 18.How many steps does it take to reset your favorite posts? A. 3.B. 4.C. 5.D. 6. 19.Why do you want to block some of your friends'posts? A.Because their posts may bother you. B.Because they are not your best friends. C.Because you are too busy to read them. D.Because you want to stay away from them. 20.What will happen if you mark your friends as"Unfollow"? A.They will not get in touch with you. B.You will make them angry with you. C.Your News Feed will not show their posts. D.They will not see your posts on Facebook.
第二节 七选五(共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) Life is just like a box. Inside it are happiness and sorrow, failure and success,
hope and despair. Life is a learning process. Experiences in it teach us new lessons and make us a better person.
Love Love plays a key role in our life. Love makes you feel wanted. Without love a person could become cruel and violent. In the early stage of our life, our parents are the ones who show us with unconditional love and care. They tell us what is right or wrong, good or bad. 21 . It is only after marriage and having kids that a person understands and becomes sensitive to the feelings of others. Kids make a person responsible and mature and help us to understand life better. Happiness and sorrow
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Materialistic happiness is shortlived, but happiness achieved by bringing a smile

on others gives a certain level of fulfillment.22

. No mind is happy without

peace.

We realize the true worth of happiness when we are in sorrow. Sorrow is basically

due to death of a loved one, failure and despair. But these things are temporary and

will pass away.

Failure and success

23

. It helps us to touch the sky, teaches us to survive and shows us a

specific way.

Hope and despair

Hope is what keeps life going. Parents always hope their children will do well.

Hope makes us dream. Hope builds in patience. 24

, because after every night

there is a day. Nothing remains the same. We have only one choice — keep moving on

in life and be hopeful.

Life teaches us not to regret over yesterday, for it has passed and be right or

dull. 25

,so that we will enjoy a better tomorrow.

A. So the only alternative is to work hard today

B. Life teaches us not to despair even in the darkest hour

C. Peace of mind is the main link to happiness

D. So let's enjoy every day

E. Success lies in trusting yourself

F. But we always tend to take this for granted

G. Failure is the path to success

第二部分:完形填空(共 20 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白
处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑. The day I received my letter of acceptance to New York University, I was extremely
excited. It was my dream university, and my 26 were pleased for me. But they also hadn’t 27 me to get into such a competitive school. In fact, the best thing they
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ever did for me was to28 me from doing things 29 —indeed, when I was in elementary

school, they offered to buy me a present30 I got a C.

It 31 when I was in third grade. An only child in an Asian family, I had just 32

with my family from Taiwan to Los Angeles. Months into third grade, I developed a

strong feeling of33 about getting bad grades. Seeing my anxiety, Dad said, “Kate,

tell you what. If you get a C or 34 , I’ll buy you a present. If you score higher

than that, I won’t buy you anything,because you won’t 35 it.”

Clearly dad wasn’t the 36 Asian tiger parent, pressuring me to work tirelessly

for the best 37 , and neither was my mom. They didn’t want to push me. They wanted

me to be38 and healthy. Dad’s 39 of a “failing grade” gift amazingly 40 my worries

and pressure. What’s more,I 41 getting A’s and B’s throughout high school, but

without the added stress and fear of failing. I think it was my parents’ lack of

stress on grades that gave me 42 to encourage my own desire for achievements.

I now realize I was 43 when I thought I didn’t receive a present from my dad

that day. He gave me two invaluable 44 : the space to develop my own desire for

excellence, and the healthy mind to 45 it.

26. A.parents B.relatives C.friends D.classmates

27.A.helped

B.recommended C.pushed D.convinced

28.A.inspire

B.discourage C.protect D.keep

29.A.positively B.passively C.proudly D.perfectly

30.A.though

B.unless

C.if

D.before

31.A.came

B.remained C.happened D.appeared

32.A.moved

B.returned C.travelled D.left

33.A.anger

B.guilt

C.worry

D.embarrassment

34.A.higher

B.lower

C.less

D.more

35.A.receive

B.make

C.accept

D.need

36.A.typical

B.common

C.normal

D.general

37.A.subjects B.majors

C.grades

D.reputations

38.A.happy

B.energetic C.outstanding D.smart

39.A.purchase B.offer

C.persuasion D.supply

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40.A.gave off

B.solved

C.piled on

D.removed

41.A.set about B.ended up C.held on

D.turned out

42.A.room

B.choice

C.hope

D.time

43.A.puzzled

B.mistaken C.unfortunate D.shocked

44.A.experiences B.tools

C.suggestions D.gifts

45.A.catch

B.act

C.track

D.achieve

第三部分:短文改错(20 分) 文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处.每处错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改.
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Jenny, I'm glad that you are so fascinated with Chinese. As a language used by large population in the world,Chinese have become more and more popular with foreigners. To study Chinese,you are advised to learn from elementary Chinese, like Chinese pinyin and character. Believe it or not,its grammar is quite similarly to that of English, so there is no need to worry about them. However , just like any other languages , Chinese has its special characteristics, such as its tones or each Chinese character with its unique structure, make it harder for foreigners to learn. So they may fall into a difficult situation, feeling discouraged,not knowing how it conveys. As for your penfriend,I feel it a duty to offer my help whenever you met with difficult language points while studying Chinese.
Best regards! Yours, Li Hua
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周测答案

阅读

1-4 BCBC 5-8 DCDB 9---12 CACB 13--16 CDDA

17--20 B C A D

七选五 FCGBA

完型 26-30ACBDC 31-35CACBD 36-40ACABD 41-45BABDD

一、短文改错

1.答案:Dear Jenny,

I'm glad that you are so fascinated with Chinese. As a language used by large

population in the world,Chinese

become more and more popular with foreigners.

To study Chinese,you are advised to learn from elementary Chinese, like Chinese pinyin

and

. Believe it or not,its grammar is quite

to that of English,

so there is no need to worry about

.

However, just like any other languages, Chinese has its special characteristics,

such as its tones

each Chinese character with its unique structure,

it

harder for foreigners to learn. So they may fall into a difficult situation,feeling

discouraged,not knowing

it conveys. As for your penfriend,I feel it a duty

to offer my help whenever you Chinese.
Best regards!

with difficult language points while studying

Li Hua

Yours,

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