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【高考领航】2016届高三英语二轮复习 课时训练12 阅读理解+完形填空+语法填空+短文改错

训练 12

(建议用时 45 分钟)

Ⅰ.阅读理解 (2016·河南八市重点高中质检)Around four years ago , I received a call from the principal of our school as to the “Parents View” talk the next morning.He asked me to speak to the group.After the call,my whole body became feverish and panicky.The time from his call to the next morning seemed like years.The whole night,I could not sleep with many ominous_apprehensions in mind.One of them was to call the principal with regret and tell him that I could not come.Finally,I gathered some courage.I thought,“If I miss this opportunity,surely the school will never invite me again to any of their programs.” I reached the school in time.Before my turn came , my whole body was trembling.When my turn came and I started speaking,my heartbeat increased and my mouth went dry.I wasn’t even able to read the written speech properly.I was not aware of where I was standing and what I was reading.That was the day when I realized my biggest weakness:Public Speaking. After my speech,I met with the principal and explained what happened to me.He told me that this happens to everyone.Even great speakers faced the same things when they started.He suggested that I come again next time. Around one month later,I was invited to refer to a topic on motivation.This time I was feeling comfortable.My speech was appreciated by the principal as well as the teachers,because I was able to get my idea across to them.They encouraged me and praised my efforts. After delivering it successfully,I became more confident.I said to myself,“If I can speak in front of such a learned audience,like the principal who educates others,I can now speak in front of others too.” I started delivering lectures on various topics like Self Motivation,Personality Development,Personal Excellence,Spoken English and Presentation Skills.This has become a passion for me.I have learned that everything is possible if we have the


courage to take the first step. 1.Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A.Practice Makes a Man a Better Speechmaker B.Public Speaking Makes a Man Embarrassed C.Principals Provide the Best Chances D.Spoken English Develops in Making Speeches 2.The author had bad feelings before the speech because ________. A.he disliked the idea of giving a lecture B.he had got a high fever before that C.he regretted accepting the invitation D.he feared he couldn’t perform it properly 3.What does the underlined part“ominous apprehensions” in the first paragraph mean? A.Unlucky opportunities. C.Curious views. 4.What can we conclude from the passage? A.Nothing is to be got without pains but poverty. B.Knowledge makes humble;ignorance makes proud. C.A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step. D.Necessity is the mother of invention. 【语篇解读】 本文为记叙文。当你站在台上,所有的目光都集中在你身上,你会感到心脏 加速,喉咙发干,开始说话时,大脑一片空白。害怕在公开场合演讲是一种常见的心理。作 者用自己的亲身经历告诉我们“万事开头难”,“千里之行,始于足下”。 1.解析:选 A。主旨大意题。由作者在第一次演讲时的怯场到第二次的从容淡定,再到后 来的应付自如,可知答案为 A 项。 2.解析:选 D。推理判断题。根据第一段中“The time from his call to the next morning seemed like years 和 I gathered some courage.”可知作者不是不想去完成校长交给的任 务,而是担心自己做不好。故答案为 D 项。 3.解析:选 B。猜测词义题。根据画线部分后面的“One of them was to call the principal with regret and tell him that I could not come.”可知脑海里浮现的是许多消极的念 头。故答案为 B 项。 4.解析:选 C。推理判断题。由文章最后一句话可知答案为 C 项(千里之行,始于足下)。 Ⅱ.完形填空 (2016·河北石家庄模拟 ) It was my first college acting class.With great

B.Negative ideas. D.Happy comments.

hesitation,sweating hands and an __1__ heart,I walked into the classroom.I had spent my entire life __2__ public speaking.But now here I was,__3__ not only to learn how to speak like someone on __4__,but to become them entirely.Theater

classes are __5__ at many high schools and universities in the US.“Theater kids” are quite a different bunch who always seemed able to __6__ a room with their personalities. __7__ it was only a beginner?level course,my college class was filled with students who seemed a __8__ fit for acting.They were confident,fun and __9__.The

professor,a stout (胖的) woman with a permanent smile and gentle behavior,__10__ just as well.She __11__ us each with a handshake and welcoming eyes.The class was held in a circular room with __12__ situated around the edges.This allowed

everyone in the room to have a(n) __13__ of whatever performance or lecture was __14__ in the center. After our first?day introductions, each week we __15__ in a series of activities designed to help us find our own inner __16__.We sang songs,danced to music,and recited __17__ from our favorite short stories. The __18__ was eye?opening.I learned that anyone has the __19__ to act,and many of us already do in our daily life.In the end,I’m not __20__ that I would consider myself an actor.But I don’t think I ever had more fun in a college class. 1.A.unsteady C.unusual 2.A.practising C.delivering 3.A.refusing C.preparing 4.A.stage C.strike 5.A.difficult C.advanced 6.A.put up C.light up 7.A.Though C.Unless 8.A.strange B.unsatisfied D.unfair B.avoiding D.learning B.happening D.hesitating B.campus D.trial B.expensive D.popular B.make up D.break up B.Since D.Once B.natural

C.common 9.A.outgoing C.hardworking 10.A.served C.spoke 11.A.inspired C.greeted 12.A.blackboards C.lights 13.A.view C.debate 14.A.leaving C.arriving 15.A.took C.shared 16.A.singer C.professor 17.A.characters C.lines 18.A.adventure C.competition 19.A.gift C.tendency 20.A.content C.aware

D.formal B.cautious D.patient B.prepared D.fit B.supplied D.comforted B.tables D.chairs B.opinion D.command B.occurring D.declining B.succeeded D.participated B.actor D.dancer B.proverbs D.plots B.concert D.experience B.interest D.desire B.sure D.doubtful

【语篇解读】 本文为记叙文。作者生性腼腆,可在大学期间却修了表演课。从表演课中, 作者学到了很多东西,同时还得到了很多快乐。 1.解析:选 A。根据本句中的 With great hesitation 和 sweating hands 可推知作者很紧 张,心中十分忐忑(unsteady)。故答案为 A 项。 2.解析:选 B。根据上文可知作者生性腼腆,故过去一直避免在公共场合演讲。 3.解析:选 C。但现在我却在这里准备不仅要学习如何像台上的人一样讲话还要完全变成 他们。 4.解析:选 A。根据上句中的 public speaking 可推知本空为 stage(舞台)。on stage 在 舞台上。

5.解析:选 D。根据常识及下句可推知:在美国,戏剧课在高中和大学很受欢迎。 6.解析:选 C。学表演的孩子们与众不同,他们总是能够用自己的个性使整个房间熠熠生 辉。light sth.up 照亮某处。 7.解析:选 A。虽然这只是一个初级班,但我们班里具有表演天赋的学生比比皆是。前后 两句为转折关系,故设空处为 though。 8.解析:选 B。a natural fit for 在本句中表示:天生就适合做??的人。 9.解析:选 A。根据常识可知,具有表演天赋的人的特点是自信、风趣、性格外向。 10.解析:选 D。那个教授很胖,永远面带着微笑且举止优雅,也非常适合表演。 11.解析:选 C。由于是第一节课,因此那位教授和我们每个人握手,用热情友好的眼神迎 接我们。 12.解析:选 D。根据下句及本句中的 circular(圆形的)和介词 around 可推知,这个班的 座位布置呈圆形。 13.解析:选 A。将座位摆成圆形是为了使学生们更好地看到表演及演讲中所发生的一切。 have a good view of 很好地看到??。 14.解析:选 B。occur=happen 发生。 15.解析:选 D。由下文可知,此处表示我们会参与各种活动。participate in 参加。 16.解析:选 B。本文的中心话题是学习表演,故本空答案为 actor(演员)。 17.解析:选 C。我们唱歌,随着音乐跳舞,朗诵我们最喜欢的短篇小说中的台词。A:人 物;B:格言;C:台词;D:情节。 18.解析:选 D。上文作者介绍了在大学的第一节表演课及以后参加的活动,由此可判断此 空答案为 experience(经历)。学表演的经历使作者开了眼界。 19.解析:选 A。作者通过学习表演,明白了一个道理,即任何人都有表演的天赋,并且我 们中的很多人已经在日常生活中表演了。 20.解析:选 B。我不能肯定我会把自己当成一名演员。但是我认为在大学上表演课最快乐。 Ⅲ.语法填空 Tina:I usually go to school by bike.Jim,which form of transport would you like 1.____________(use)? Jim:I feel that I can see more when I ride a bicycle,2.____________ I drive my car when I feel lazy. Tina:I think people should give up using their private cars.They produce too much pollution,3.____________ does harm to our health. Jim:I agree,but I would find just so convenient. Tina: Cars might be convenient, but so bad for the environment.I once 5.____________

4.____________ difficult to stop using my car.It’s

(drive) my car,but I found I didn’t 6.____________ (real) need it when I started using my bicycle to get around. Jim:Maybe I should sell my car now. Tina:If so,that would save you a lot of money. Jim:That’s true.Every month,I spend hundreds of dollars insurance and repairs. Tina:Ride a bicycle every day instead of driving,and you will get lots of exercise, too! Besides,you know the more you ride your bicycles,the 8.__________ (little) pollution you’ll make. Jim:You’re right.Having a car has made me lazy.I never end up 9.____________ (walk) anywhere! Tina : Let’s go to a car dealership.I’ll help you try to sell your car for 10.____________ good price. Jim:Sounds good! Let’s go! 1. 解析: 考查非谓语动词。 根据“would like to do sth.”结构可知, 此处填不定式 to use。 答案:to use 2.解析:考查连词。句意:我觉得骑自行车的时候可以看更多的风景,但是犯懒的时候我 就开车。根据句意可知,此空前后语境是转折关系,因此填转折连词 but。 答案:but 3.解析:考查定语从句。句意:我觉得应该劝人们放弃开私家车。汽车制造的污染太严重 了,那对身体有害。此处为 which 引导非限制性定语从句。 答案:which 4.解析:考查 it 用法。句意:不过我觉得不开车很难做到。此处填 it 作形式宾语,真正 的宾语为其后的动词不定式。 答案:it 5.解析:考查时态。根据句中的“once”可知,此处表示过去发生的动作,因此用一般过 去时 drove。 答案:drove 6.解析:考查词性转换。句意:但是我开始骑自行车到处走时,我发现其实我并不是特别 需要汽车。此处需要副词来修饰动词 need,因此填 really。 答案:really 7.解析:考查介词。句意:每个月我都要花上百美元付那些汽油费、保险费和修理费。此 处为“spend...on sth.”的结构,因此填介词 on。 答案:on

7.____________ gas,

8.解析:考查比较级。句意:另外,你知道骑自行车越多,你制造的污染就越少。此处为 “the+比较级,the+比较级”的结构,意为“越??,越??”。 答案:less 9.解析:考查非谓语动词。句意:有辆车让我变懒了,我现在去哪儿都不走路了。end up doing“以??而告终或结束”,因此此处填 walking。 答案:walking 10.解析:考查冠词。句意:让我们一起去汽车交易行吧。 我会帮你把这辆车卖个好价钱的。 此处表示泛指“一个”好价钱,因此用不定冠词 a。 答案:a Ⅳ.短文改错 Dear manager, I am writing to express my interest in your recently advertised positions as a secretary of English.Here I would like to introduce me briefly. I am a 25?year?old young man graduated from the Foreign Languages Department of Jilin University.I have been a English guide for two years after graduation.As a result,my oral English is pretty well.I have great interest the job.I had much confidence in myself.If I am given to the job,I can assure you I will do my best to do it well.I’d like to meet you at your convenient to discuss the possibility of working in your company.An early reply to my application will be high appreciated. Yours respectfully, Wang Yong 答案: Dear manager, I am writing to express my interest in your recently advertised a secretary of English.Here I would like to introduce positions as position

me briefly. myself

graduated ∧ I am a 25?year?old young man who/that或 from the Foreign Languages graduating Department of Jilin University.I have been a English guide for two years after an well ∧ .I have great interest in the good

graduation.As a result,my oral English is pretty job. I

had much confidence in myself.If I am given to the job,I can assure you I will have

do my best to do it well.I’d like to meet you at your

convenient to discuss the convenience

possibility of working in your company.An early reply to my application will be high appreciated. highly Yours respectfully, Wang Yong


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