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宁夏回族自治区银川一中2015-2016学年高一下学期寒假挑战赛英语试题 Word版无答案.doc

银川一中高一年级寒假学生自主学习挑战赛 英
一、听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1.How does the woman feel about the TV programs? A.She doesn't like watching TV at all. B.She thinks that advertisements are good for sale. C.She is tired of advertisements. 2.What is the matter with the woman's daughter? A.She can't fall asleep. B.She listens to music too much. C. She likes to watch TV. 3.Why did the woman's grandparents go to Canada? A.To enjoy the world's show. B.To pay a visit to their friends. C.To go to see a doctor. 4.What does the man mean? A.He refuses the woman's invitation B.He will go to the woman's home. C.He'll stay with his parents during the holiday. 5.What is the man looking for? A.His glass. B.His English book. C.His bag.






命题教师:马燕

第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从每题所给的 A,B,C 三个选项 中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。 听每段对话或独白前, 你将有时间阅读各个小题, 每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 请听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 7 题。

6.What do you think the man is? A.A scientist B.A teacher. C.A computer user.

7.What does the man get in the end? A.General information on computers. B.Some magazines dealing with computers. C.The Reference Desk about computers. 请听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 9 题。 8.What is the woman worrying about? A.The safety of Alice. B.Alice's driving skill. C.The time of going home. 9.Why does the woman worry too much? A.Because there are too many drivers. B.Because Alice drives very carefully. C.Because lots of drivers drive carelessly. 请听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10.What will the man do tonight? A.Attend a colleague's birthday party. B.Attend a colleague's wedding. C.Help his colleague prepare a party. 11.What is the most important point to appointments in America? A.Bring some gifts. B.Bring a friend C.Be on time.

12.When should you arrive for a business appointment? A.About five minutes early. B.Five minutes early, but never late. C.Half an hour late. 请听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13.What does the woman want to send? A.Fruit. B.Candy. C.Vegetables.

14.What is the woman concerned about most? A.Price of delivery. B.Way of delivery. C.Time of arrival.

15.How will the woman send her package at last? A.By regular service. B.By priority service. C.By herself.

16.How soon will the package reach California?

A.In three days.

B.In four days.

C.In a week.

请听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17.Where will the speaker travel? A.Waterloo. 18.How does the speaker travel? A.By taxi. B.By train C.By bus. B.The English Channel. C.The South of France.

19.How many hours does the speaker spend arriving at the destination? A.More than 8 hours. B.More than 7 hours and 10 minutes. C.More than 8 hours and lo minutes. 20.What does the speaker think of the journey? A.Late and hungry. B.Tired and disappointed. C.Comfortable and convenient. 二、阅读理解:(每小题 2 分,共计 30 分) 第一节:阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 A The Palace Museum,known as the Forbidden City,was the imperial(帝王的)palace of the Ming and Qing Dynasties . In the early 15th century, large-size construction caused 100, 000common people to lead a hard life.The construction took 14 years and was finished in 1420 . In the following year , the capital of Ming Dynasty was moved from Nanjing to Beijing . Twenty-four emperors of the Ming and Qing Dynasties ruled from the Forbidden City. The last dynasty fell in 1911, but Emperor Puyi still lived in the inner court. It was not until 1925 that the complex buildings were changed into a museum.Since then,the Palace has been opened to the public. The Palace Museum is rectangular(长方形的)in shape,about 960 meters long from north to south and 750 meters wide from west to east.There is a 10-meter-high wall,encircled by a 52-meter-wide moat(护城河) .In the Ming Dynasty,the wood needed for the building was brought mostly from Sichuan and Hunan Province, while in the Qing Dynasty, it was cut from the northeast of China. Most of the stones were mined from the suburban(郊外的)district of Fangshan and other districts.Construction of the Forbidden City brought huge hardship to the laboring people. The palace is the largest piece of ancient Chinese architecture(建筑) still standing.Some of the buildings were damaged by lightning and rebuilt in the Ming and Qing Dynasties.The palace

has been expanded several times,but the original design was preserved.After liberation,some costly renovations(翻新) were done and the Place Museum is listed as one of the important historical sites under special preservation by the Chinese government. 21.What is the main idea of Paragraph 1? A.The origin of the name“the Forbidden City” . B.The Forbidden City and emperors. C.The open to the public of the Forbidden City. D.The period of the construction of the Forbidden City. 22.The Forbidden City began to be constructed in A.1911 B.1421 C.1406 . D.1420

23.What can we learn from Paragraph 2? A.The emperors’ cruelty brought the Forbidden City into the world. B.The processing of constructing the Forbidden City needed wood and stone from all over the country. C.The Forbidden City is the largest piece of ancient Chinese architecture still standing. D.The Forbidden City is about 720,000 square meters. 24.This passage most probably comes from a book on A.customs and habits C.history and emperors .

B.dynasties and emperors D.architecture and history B

Most young people enjoy some forms of physical activity.It may be walking,cycling, swimming, or in winter, skating or skiing. It may be a game of some forms--football, basketball, hockey,golf or tennis.It may be mountaineering. Those who have a passion for climbing high and difficult mountains are often looked upon with astonishment. Why are men and women willing to suffer cold and hardship, and to take risks in high mountains ? This astonishment is caused , probably , by the difference between mountaineering and other forms of activity to which men give their leisure. Mountaineering is a sport and not a game.There are no man-made rules,as others,as there are for such games as golf and football. There are, of course, rules of different kinds which would be dangerous to ignore,but it is this freedom from man-made rules that makes mountaineering attractive to many people.Those who climb mountains are free to use their own methods. If we compare mountaineering with other more familiar sports,we might think that one big difference is that mountaineering is not a “team game” . We should be mistaken in this. There are,

it is true, no “matches” between “teams” of climbers, but when climbers are on a rock face linked by a rope on which their lives may depend,there is obviously teamwork. The mountain climber knows that he may have to fight forces that are stronger and more powerful than man.He has to fight the forces of nature.His sport requires high mental and physical qualities. A mountain climber continues to improve in skills year by year.A skier is probably past his best by the age of thirty.But it is not unusual for men of fifty or sixty to climb the highest mountains in the Alps.They may take more time than younger men,but they perhaps climb with more skills and less waste of effort,and they certainly experience equal enjoyment. 25.What sports are popular among people in winter in the passage? A.Soccer and golf C.Cycling and hockey B.Skilling and skating D.Mountaineering .

26.Mountaineering is a sport,not a game because A.it has man-made rules B.it is too dangerous for climbers C.it can’t bring people joy or leisure D.it is free for climbers to use their own methods 27.We know from the passage that A.mountaineering has no appeal for people .

B.physical quality is more important than mental quality for climbers C.a mountain climber passes his best by the age of thirty D.it is possible for an old man of fifty or sixty to climb the Alps 28.What is the best title for the passage? A.Sports in winter C.Mountaineering B.Team work in climbing D.The quality for mountaineering C The Internet brings us many advantages. With the Internet, people can send and receive e-mails. On the Internet, people can skim over news. Using the Telnet, the user anywhere on the Internet can log into any other machine on which he has an account. It is possible to use the FTP program to copy files from one machine on the Internet to another. But the Internet also brings us troubles. Internet use seems to cause a fall in psychological(心理的)health,according to research at Carnegie Mellon University.Even people who spent just a few hours a week on the Internet

experienced more depression and loneliness than those who logged on less often,the two-year study showed.And it wasn’t that people who were already feeling bad spent more time on the Internet,but that using the Net actually seemed to cause the bad feelings. Researchers are puzzled over the results,which were completely opposite to what they had expected. They expected that the Net would prove socially healthier than television, since the Net allows users to choose their information and to communicate with others. The fact that Internet use reduces time used for family and friends may be the reason for the drop in health, researchers said. Faceless, bodiless “virtual(虚拟的)” communication may be less psychologically satisfying than actual conversations,and the relationships formed through it may not be so deep.Another possibility is that exposure to the wider world through the Net makes users less satisfied with their lives. “But it’s important to remember this is not about the technology, it ‘s about how it is used, ” said one of the researchers. “It really points to the need for considering social factors(因素) when you design new inventions. ” 29.What may be the reason(s) why the Internet use cause a fall in psychological health? A.Internet use reduces time used for family and friends B.Virtual communication is less psychologically satisfying than actual conversations C.Exposure to the wider world through the Net makes users less satisfied with their lives D.All of the above 30.According to the passage,which of the following is TRUE? A.Users anywhere on the Internet can long into any other machine B.The two-year study showed that using the Net seemed to cause the bad feelings C.People who are already felling bad spend much more time on the Internet D.Relationships formed through the Internet are usually deep 31.What does the underlined part in the last paragraph mean? A.What matters is not the technology but how it is used B.This passage is not about the technology but about hoe it is used C.We should remember to learn about the technology D.We should remember to learn how to use computers D Passenger pigeons( 旅 鸽 ) once flew over much of the United States in unbelievable numbers. Written accounts from the 18th and 19th centuries described flocks(群) so large that they darkened the sky for hours.It was calculated that when its population reached its highest point, there were more than 3 billion passenger pigeons—a number equal to 24 to 40 percent of the total

bird population in the United States,making it perhaps the most abundant bird in the world.Even as late as 1870 when their numbers had already become smaller,a flock believed to be 1 mile wide and 320 miles(about 515 kilometers) long was seen near Cincinnati. Sadly the abundance of passenger pigeons may have been their undoing.Where the birds were most abundant,people believed there was an ever-lasting supply and killed them by the thousands.Commercial hunters attracted them to small clearings with grain,waited until pigeons had settled to feed,then threw large nets over them,taking hundreds at a time.The birds were shipped to large cities and sold in restaurants. By the closing decades of the 19th century,the hardwood forests where passenger pigeons nested had been damaged by American’s need for wood,which scattered(驱散) the flocks and forced the birds to go farther north, where cold temperatures and spring storms contributed to their decline.Soon the great flocks were gone,never to be seen again. In 1897,the state of Michigan passed a law prohibiting the killing of passenger pigeons,but by then,no sizable flocks had been seen in the state for 10 years.The last confirmed wild pigeon in the United States was shot by a boy in Pike County,Ohio,in 1990.For a time, a few birds survived under human care. The last of them, known affectionately as Martha,died at the Cincinnati Zoological Garden on September 1,1914. 32.In the 18th and early 19th centuries,passenger pigeons A.were the biggest bird in the world B.lived mainly in the south of America C.did great harm to the natural environment D.were the largest bird population in the US 33.What was the main reason for people to kill passenger pigeons? A.To seek pleasure C.To make money B.To save other birds D.To protect crops .

34.Why did birds go father north in the 19th century? A.Because the hardwood forests had been damaged B.because of the cold temperatures C.Because people hunted them D.Because the great flocks had been gone 35.What can we infer about the law passed in Michigan? A.It was ignored by the public C.It was unfair B.It was declared too late D.It was strict

第二节 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项, .选项中有两项为多

余选项(10 分) 36 From 18 to 25,according to I.Q. scores;but you are wiser and more experienced with

increasing age.You are smartest in your 20’s;around 30,your memory begins to go down, particularly your ability to perform mathematical computations. 37 Your vocabulary at the age

of 45, for example, is three times as great as when you graduated from college. At 60, your brain has almost four times as much information as it did at the age of 21. 38 You have the best physical sense of yourself from 15 to 24;the best professional sense from 40 to 49.Before the age of 24,we believe that our happiest years are yet to come; over 30, we believe that they are behind us.A National Health survey agrees:after the age of 30,we become more realistic and do not view happiness as a goal in itself. If we keep our health, achieve professional and emotional goals,happiness,we feel,will follow. 39 Generally between 30 and 39,but the peak(顶峰) varies with different professions(职 业).Mozart wrote a symphony(交响曲) and four sonatas by the age of 8,and Mendelssohn composed his best-known work A Midsummer Night’s Dream at 17,but most of the great music was written by men between 33and 39. Though the peak in most fields comes early,most Nobel Prize winners did their top research in their late 20’s and 30’s—creative people continue to produce work with high quality throughout their lives. 40 A.When are you most creative(创造性的)? B.When are you happiest? C.When are you smartest? D.Do you know what I.Q. refers to? E.But your I.Q. for other takes goes up. F.Creative people usually produce a lot of works. G.For the “well-conditioned mind” ,there is no upper limit(限制). 三、完型填空(每小题 1.5 分,共计 30 分) Being on the road at 3:15 am to drive 450 km wasn’t in my plans for the weekend. I had been looking forward to a couple of 41 days to prepare myself for the following busy 42 . My son, Simon, and his good friends were heading for the 43 . Due to the last-minute issue with transportation,I 44 my car to ensure that everyone could get to the 45 point so that by snowboarding and skiing. than I would

they could get together and enjoy their week’s 46

The only thing that 47 to me on my journey was that no sooner had I 48 say goodbye and make the trip

49 , in total, a round trip of 900 kilometres in just 10 hours. Such

a long drive in one day was frightening, 50 as I was looking forward to relaxation.

Simon and I 51 on our way,a little about his break and a whole lot of his school subjects.It was great to have this time with him as we 52 spent five continuous hours

together,other than when we played Saturday cricket(板球) . On my return trip , I 53 a strange sense of loneliness in some heavy morning

54 .Within an hour it 55 .I spent the next four hours listening to some CDs and enjoying the scenery. Surprisingly, after my long trip home I was 56 refreshed and energized even though sleep that evening.

I was physically exhausted.And I knew that I would have a(n) 57 A change 58

your environment , no matter how small , can provide you with the something from different angles,as well as to be refreshed and energized. 60 event and many more opportunities to spend

opportunity to 59

Now I’m looking forward to my next

quality time with those who are important to me and make my life more rewarding. 41.A.exciting 42.A.day 43.A.beach 44.A.parked 45.A.drop-off 46.A.excitement 47.A.happened 48.A.started 49.A.forward 50.A.just 51.A.talked 52.A.usually 53.A.showed 54.A.dust 55.A.cleared 56.A.completely 57.A.uneasy 58.A.from 59.A.look at 60.A.discussed B.surprising B.hour B.snowfield B.borrowed B.kick-off B.freedom B.appealed B.rested B.back B.even B.quarreled B.constantly B.developed B.smoke B.turned B.greatly B.uncomfortable B.about B.give up B.planned C.relaxing C.month C.school C.lent C.take-off C.break C.occurred C.left C.away C.mostly C.argued C.rarely C.kept C.snow C.shone C.mentally C.light C.for C.carry on C.prepared D.moving D.week D.hotel D.offered D.turn-off D.adventure D.appeared D.arrived D.out D.particularly D.complained D.frequently D.lost D.fog D.froze D.immediately D.sound D.in D.find out D.unexpected

第 II 卷

四、语法填空(每空 1 分,共 10 分) Studying in groups is becoming more and more popular in class. It has many 61. (advantage).For example, we can not only save time but also 62. very poor. I had 64.__ (encourage) each other __(be)

when we study in groups. I still remember when l was in Grade 8, my physics 63.__

__ really hard time with it. Once in class, the teachers asked

65.____(we) to discuss it with each other, but l was very shy. I could not do it like what they told me. My physics teacher encouraged me to face others and talk with someone else 66______ (brave). Then I studied with some classmates together. When I did not understand any questions, they could give me some advice. I could quickly find out the ways 67. At last, I was able to finish my homework 68.__ __(excite)I was! Because of 70._______(study) in groups, I am not worried about physics any more. With my classmates' help, I am making progress gradually at present. It also gives me more chances to improve myself in many ways. 五、短文改错(10 分) 文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除 或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 As student, we have classes from early morning till late afternoon. Therefore, taking a ten-minute break between classes is of great important. Otherwise, we may feel tiring both physically and mentally. During the ten-minute break we should do something to get rid of tiredness and should not do anything which will make us be too excited. What we need to do is a real rest instead of get too excited. I usually did some simple exercise during my ten-minute break. Sometime I have a free chat with my classmates or just take a short walk. feel freshly in the next class. 六、单词拼写(根据句意及所给首字母写出下列单词)(每空 1 分,共 18 分) 71. He __________ (不理会) the doctor ’s advice and went on smoking. 72. All the people are c__________ about the growth of the younger generation. 73. Judging by her a__________, she must be a Southerner. 74. Chinese is the o__________ language of China. For a result, I always (deal) with the problems. After that, I felt very relaxed and asked my classmates a lot of questions about physics. __myself for the first time. How 69.__

75. The salesman p__________ us into buying his product yesterday. 76. The goods will be t__________ to Singapore by air. 77. We b__________ into laughter when we heard of the funny story. 78. The firemen __________ (营救) the boy from the burning house. 79. People often value the q__________ of a product rather than its packaging. 80. The old scientist has d__________ his lifetime to studying a cure for lung cancer. 81. His parents died in the big fire, but he s__________ . 82. The ___________ (入口) to the museum has been closed. 83. The __________ (志愿者) for community service are doing a good job. 84. The driver paid a fifty-dollar f__________ for speeding. 85. These toys are a real b__________ at such low prices. 86. With the help of his friends, he finally s__________ the problem. 87. Mary was busy __________ (打字) the examination paper when I saw her. 88. You should __________ (简化) the instructions so that children can understand them. 七、用所给短语的适当形式填空。(每题 1 分,共 12 分) be based on ; go through ; change one’s mind ; come up ; belong to ; deal with ; suffer from ; turn up 89. Who is ____________________ the sales department? 90. After the earthquake, the city ______________________ . 91. She has _______________________ an unhappy time recently. 92. A number of questions _______________________ at the meeting yesterday. 93. The play _______________________ a true story. 94. They promised to go travelling with me but at the last moment ____________________ . 95. Since she left, he _______________________ his work. 96. That building ______________________ yesterday and the police began to look into it. 97. I am sure that he _________________________ Peking University this summer. 98. John was late again. He ______________________ be punished. 99. The American flag ________________________ freedom and justice. 100. Don’t believe it. He ____________________ the story. in charge of ; make up ; be in ruins ; blow up ; stand for ; be admitted to ; deserve to do sth ; be buried in ;