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江苏省常州一中2017-2018学年高一期初考试英语试卷

高一英语期初试卷 2017.8 第一部分:听力部分: (共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,共 20 分) 第一节: (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一 小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. When does the conversation take place? A. On Monday. B. On Wednesday. C. On Friday.

2. What does the woman mean? A. The man will soon have time to practise. B. The man shouldn’t give the performance. C. The vacation will be put off. 3. What will the woman do next? A. Go to a library. B. Make a telephone call. C. Go to her office.

4. Which notebook did the girl buy? A. The one with flowers all over it. B. The one with a singing star on it. C. The one with cartoon animals on it. 5. How did the girl know about the party? A. From a text message. 第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中 选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题, 每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Classmates. student. 7. Where is the boy’s mobile phone now? B. Mother and son. C. Teacher and B. From an e-mail. C. From a phone call.

A. In his pocket.

B. Beside his bed.

C. In his bag.

听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. How did the woman feel at first? A. Angry. B. Sorry. C. Puzzled.

9. Where did the speakers plan to meet? A. At the bus station. center. 10. What is the woman going to do next? A. Go to the cinema. B. Go shopping. C. Go home. B. Outside the cinema. C. In the shopping

听第 8 段材料,回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. What kind of job is the woman looking for now? A. A job that allows time to study. B. A job that can get her a lot of money. C. A job that can improve her photographing skill. 12. Why doesn’t the woman want to work as a lifeguard? A. The job is too tiring. B. The pay is not satisfying. C. She can’t do anything else while working. 13. What will the woman probably do next? A. Stop off at the library. her lifeguard job. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 14 至 16 题。 14. Where are the speakers? A. In a car. B. In a hall. C. In a supermarket. B. Go to the job fair. C. Leave

15. What is the man’s trouble? A. He has no coins on him. B. He can’t find a parking space. C. He will miss the professor’s speech. 16. What does the man decide to do in the end? A. Borrow some coins. B. Buy some tickets. C. Park his car.

听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Why does Simon like the River Stanton best? A. It is close to his hometown. exciting. 18. What did Simon notice about the river water? A. It was getting lower and lower. B. It was having a harmful effect on him. C. It was so dark that he couldn’t see the bottom. 19. How did Simon learn more about the problem with the river? A. By looking on the internet. B. By talking to his school teachers. C. By asking his friends in history classes. 20. Why did Simon do a test? A. To learn about the geography of the river. B. To join an organization that protects the river. C. To be able to check the water quality of the river. B. It attracts many children. C. It can make boating

一.单项选择(共 20 题,每小题 1.5 分,总分 30 分) 1. What do you think ____ solve the problem? A. you can do C. you can do to B. can you do D. can you do to

2. In the past he often made his sister ____, but now he is often made ____ by his sister. A. to cry; to cry C. to cry; cry B. cry; cry D. cry; to cry

3. ______ you are on holiday, you should have a good rest and take your focus off your work. A. Now that B. In order that D. As if

C. Even though

4. He ____ Alice for ten years. A. married to C. has married B. has married to D. has been married to

5. --I am sorry I didn`t do a good job. --Never mind. ____ you have tried your best. A. Above all B. In all C. At all D. After all

6. The differences ____ these two pictures ____ colour are easy to see. A. in, of B. from, of C. between, in D. of, in

7. Richard got very upset and had his arms ______ after hearing the sad news. A. to cross B. crossing C. to be crossed D. crossed

8. He seems to ____ to Jane. He knows her well. A. have been introduced C. have introduced B. be introduced

D. introduced

9. He will never forget the days ____ he spent with you in Japan. A. when B. that C. on which D. in which

10. Which sentence is incorrect? A. I feel interested in classical music B. I take interest in classical music C. I am not into classical music D. I don’t fond of classical music 11. We each ____ strong points and each of us on the other hand ____ weak points. A. have, have C. has, has B. has, have D. have, has

12. The police ____ determined to bring back the missing boy when his family ____ almost given hope. A. is, has B. are, have C. are, has D. is, have

13. On the way back home from the ball, she suddenly found her necklace ____. A. missed B. losing C. gone D. be stolen

14. — Please keep me ___ any trouble you have ____ him into declining the invitation. — Yeah, I will. Thanks a lot.

A. informing; talking C. informed; talking

B. informed of; to talk D. informed of; in talking

15.Those who let children who are _____ go swimming in the river are foolish. A. so young B. too young to C. not old enough to D. young enough

16.--Do you think we should accept that offer? ---Yes, we should, for we _______ such bad luck up till now, and time _______ out. A.have had; is running C.have; has been run B.had; is running D.have had; has been run

17. Wind __________ electricity widely in many parts of the world at present. A. used to produce B. is used to producing

C. is used to produce D. used to producing 18. role she played in the firm! No wonder she has won an Oscar. B. How an interesting D. What an interesting

A. How interesting C. What interesting

19. ---The exam isn’t difficult, is it? ---______________. No students have passed the exam. A.Yes, it is. it is 20. What _______ it will be when you _______ on the white sand in the warm sun. A. funny; lie B. fun; lie C. a fun; lie D. a fun; lay B. No, it isn’t C. Yes, it isn’t D. No,

21.Avatar is such ____ wonderful science fiction movie that I want to see it _____ second time. A. a, a B. a, the C. /, the D. /, a

22. ---Is Jessica giving us a speech this evening? ---No, it _____be her. She _____to Japan. A.mustn’t ;has gone B.mustn’t ;has been C.can’t ;has gone D.can’t ;has been 23. --- Would you like something to eat? --- No, thanks. I don’t want to eat anything ____ I go to bed.

A. before B. as

C. until

D. while

24.Tom’s mother kept telling him to work harder, but _____didn’t help. A. he B. which C. it D. what

25. --I’d like to go hunting with you, but I have a meeting ______. --If you don’t go, _______. A. to attend; so do I C. attend; neither will I B. attending; so will I D. to attend; nor will I

26. The manager was sympathetic, but he could do nothing. What does “Sympathetic” mean? A. 不安的 B.生气的 C. 抱歉的 D. 同情的

27. Jasper is one of those rare people _____ believes in ancient myths. A. who B. which C. whom D. he

28. Late in the afternoon, the boys _____ their tent in the middle of a field. A. put aside B. put back C. put up D. put off

29. The stream _____ its way across the field and them flowed right under their tent. A. wind B. wound C. winded D. wounded

30. The Wayle is a small river that cuts ______ the park near my home. A. across B. through C. over D. up

二.完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) Although I love my life ,it hasn't been a lot of fun as I've been ill for 28 years. Music has always been a great love of mine and ,in my 20s,when my_31_was more manageable ,I 32 ten years as a professional singer in restaurants, playing and 33 that was years ago and times have changed . __34__ I live

singing folk songs.

with my mother on a country farm . Two years ago, I decided that I would need to love some kind of extra work to _35_ my disability pension (残疾抚恤金)._36_ I needed to sleep in afternoons, I was limited in my restaurants. My family are all musicians ,so I was _39 when I went into our local music store .I explained that I wanted to sing again but using recorded karaoke music . I knew _37_. I decided that I would consider 38 to singing in

that discs were very expensive and I really didn't have a lot of _40 to get started . And 41 you find only three to four songs out of ten on a disc that you can 43 ,he gave me a

__42__use. When I told the owner of the shop about my

long ,thoughtful __44__.“This means a lot to you , doesn't it ?"he said . “Come with me.”He led me 45 karaoke box on it. He placed his large hand 46 on his treasure and said . “I have 800 karaoke songs in here. You can take your47 and I?ll record them for you .That should get you the crowded shop and to a bench with a large professional

started.”I 48 . Thanking him, I made a time with him to listen to all the songs and choose 49 that I could sing . I have come full circle with his help. His50 still warms my heart and makes me do just that bit extra , which I have the chance. 31. A. loneliness sickness 32. A. set 33. A. Gladly 34. A. Now 35. A. add up to advantage of 36. A. If 37. A. movement 38. A. reaching out 39. A. recognized 40. A. money 41. A. thus 42. A. actually 43. A. job 44. A. face 45. A. over 46. A. unhappily B. As B. condition B. living up C. Though C. choices C. getting on D. Before D. positions D. going back D. invited D. knowledge D. often D. formerly D. offer D. sight D. through D. gratefully B. enjoyed B. Eventually B. Then B. make up for C. kept C. Unfortunately C. Some time C. get nd of D. shared D. Surprisingly D. Meanwhile D.take B. sadness C. tiredness D.

B. interviewed C. found B. time B. ones B. hardly B. family B. view B. along B. lovingly C. energy C. seldom C. nearly C. idea C. look C. towards C. pitifully

47.A.pick 48.A.had to cry have cried 49.A.more 50.A.courage

B. turn

C. role B. ought to cry

D. step C. should have cried D. could

B. the ones B. devotion

C. few C. kindness

D. the rest D. trust

三.阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2.5 分,满分 50 分) A With more and more cars on the road, traffic jams are inevitable. Traffic jams can lead to increased accidents as there are more cars, with more people trying to get to their destination(目的地), all the while getting worse. Although it’s impossible to avoid traffic jams altogether, there are some tips you can follow to reduce the amount of time on the road. Check for traffic jams before you leave. You can listen to the radio for traffic news, or check on the Internet to get up-to-minute information on traffic. If the route you want to take is heavy with traffic, you can choose another. Look for a different route all the time. Most traffic jams happen on busy roads. Using country roads could see you avoiding a lot of traffic. Although the distance you may have to travel is further, it can work out quicker. Set your car radio to receive traffic bulletins. Many new car stereo systems ( 汽 车音响系统) are equipped with a radio system by which you can hear the traffic channel. This way you can get the latest traffic information and change your journey if necessary. ___________________. Most traffic jams usually occur during rush hour, so try to avoid this time period if possible. Some jobs offer flexible(灵活的) working hours so that you can travel to work outside of rush hour. Some jobs even allow you to work at home so as to avoid moving altogether. Ask your manager to see what you can do if traffic is a problem for you. Use public transport alternatives where available. The easiest way to avoid traffic jams is to take buses or the underground instead of driving your own car. Not only will you avoid traffic jams but you will most likely be saving money as the cost of

motoring rises. 51. The underlined word “inevitable” in Paragraph 1 probably means _____. A. hard to accept B. seen everywhere D. impossible to avoid

C. getting less serious

52. Which of the following can be put in the blank in the text? A. Choose a job that has flexible working hours B. Make friends with your manager C. Try traveling at different time D. Work at home 53. According to the writer, we should use public transport because __________. A. it is cheaper and can avoid traffic jams C. it is environmentally-friendly(环保的) jams B One evening in February 2017 . a student named Paula Ceely brought her car to a stop on a remote place in Wales . She got out to open a metal gate that blocked her path . That's when she heard the whistle sounded by the driver of a train. Her Renault Clio parked across a railway line. Second later, she watched the train drag her car almost a kilometre down the railway tracks. Ceely'snear miss made the news because she blamed it on her GPS device(导航仪).She had never driven the route before .It was dark and raining heavily . Ceely was relying on her GPS. But it made no mention of the crossing ."I put my complete trust in the device and it led me right into the path of a speeding train ,"she told the BBC. Who is to blame here ? Rick Stevenson ,who tells Ceely's story in his book When Machines Fail US, finger at the limitations of technology. We put our faith in digital devices, he says,but our digital helpers are too often not up to the job. They are filled with small problems. And it’s not just GPS devices: Stevenson takes us on B. it is useful to us D. it is completely free from traffic

a tour of digital disasters involving everything from mobile phones to wireless key boards. The problem with his argument in the book is that it’s not clear why he only

focuses digital technology, while there may be a number of other possible causes. A map-maker might have left the crossing off a paper map. Maybe we should blame Ceely for not paying attention. perhaps the railway authorities are at fault for poor signaling system. Or maybe someone has studied the relative dangers and worked out that there really is something specific wrong with the GPS equipment. But Stevenson doesn’t say. It’s a problem that runs through the book. In a section on cars, Stevenson gives an account of the advanced techniques that criminals use to defeat computer-based locking systems for cars. He offers two independent sets of figures on car theft; both show a small rise in some parts of the country. He says that once again not all new locks have proved reliable. Perhaps, but maybe it’s also due to the shortage of policemen on the streets. Or changing social circumstances. Or some combination of these factors . The game between humans and their smart devices is complex. It is shaped by

economics and psychology and the cultures we live in. Somewhere in the mix of those forces there may be a wiser use of technology.

If there is such a way, it should involve more than just an awareness of the shortcomings of our machines. After all, we have lived with them for thousands of years. They have probably been fooling us for just as long . 54 .What did Paula Ceely think was the cause of her accident?

A. She was not familiar with the road. B. It was dark and raining heavily then. C. The railway works failed to give the signal. D. Her GPS device didn’t tell her about the crossing 55.The phrase” near miss” (paragraph 2 ) can best be replaced by _______.

A. close bit C.narrow escape

B. heavy loss D. big mistake

56.Which of the ith?

following would Rick Stevenson most probably

agree w

A. Modern technology is what we can’t live B.Digital short of out expectation. C. Digital devices are more reliable than they used to be. technology

without. often falls

D. GPS error is not the only cause for Celery’s accident. 57.In the writer’s opinion, Stevenson’s argument is________. A. one-sided B. reasonable C.puzzling D.well-based

58.What is the real concern of the writer of this article? A.The major causes of traffic accidents and car thefts. B.The relationship between humans and technology C. The shortcomings of digital devices D. The human unawareness we use.

of technical problems. C

It was a warm April day when a big fat envelope came in the mail from the only college I had ever imagined attending. I tore open the packet. My eyes were fixed on the word "congratulations". I don't remember ever smiling so wide. Then I looked at my financial(经济的) package. The cost of Dream School's tuition(学费), room and board was around $ 40,000---an impossible sum ! How could I afford to attend? What good reasons did I have to go there when three other fine colleges were offering me free tuition? My other choices were good, solid schools even if they weren't as famous as my first choice. In my mind, attending my dream university would be the only way to realize my dream of becoming a world-class writer. My parents understood how l felt. They told me that even though it would be a financial problem, I could go wherever I would be happiest. But as I was always careful with money, l wasn't sure what to do. One of the schools that offered me a full ride had an informational dinner one

night in the spring. Considering my parents' financial difficulties, l decided to drive the 45 minutes and attend. At first, all I had planned to do was smile politely, eat free food, listen quietly. But I surprised myself. At dinner the president of the university talked about the wonderful activities on campus including guest lectures and social gatherings. He also made it perfectly clear that free food would be offered at all future events. He continued with explanations of professors, class sizes, activities, and sporting events on campus. As he spoke, I began to realize that this school, though not as good as my first choice, might be the best one for me. It seemed small yet with many great programs. It seemed challenging yet caring. As the president(校长) ended his speech, we clapped politely and pushed back our chain. As I walked out of that door, a feeling of comfort washed over me. Looking at the campus that night, l realized that I would be spending the next four years fighting there. In all honesty, my university is not as well-known as my "dream" university. However, it turned out to be the right choice of schools for me. 59. We can learn from the passage that the parents were _____. A. honest B. strict C. supportive D. decisive

60. In Paragraph 5, " offered me a full ride" can be replaced by " _____". A. would pay for transport to the school C. would offer free meals at all events tuition 61. What does the author mainly want to say? A. You should consider comfort in your choice of schools. B. Your second-choice college may actually be your best fit. C. You should try your best to attend your dream school. D. Your choice of schools should be based on their fame D NOT all memories are sweet. Some people spend all their lives trying to forget bad experiences. Violence and traffic accidents can leave people with terrible B. would show me around the campus D. would charge me nothing for

physical and emotional scars. Often they relive these experiences in nightmares. Now American researchers think they are close to developing a pill, which will help people forget bad memories. The pill is designed to be taken immediately after a frightening experience. They hope it might reduce, or possibly wipe out, the effect of painful memories. In November, experts tested a drug on people in the US and France. The drug stops the body releasing chemicals that fix memories in the brain. So far the research has suggested that only the emotional effects of memories may be reduced, not that the memories are wiped out. They are not sure to what degree people’s memories are affected. The research has caused a great deal of argument. Some think it is a bad idea, while others support it. Supporters say it could lead to pills that prevent or treat soldiers' troubling memories after war. They say that there are many people who suffer from terrible memories. "Some memories can ruin people's lives. They come back to you when you don't want to have them in a daydream or nightmare. They usually come with very painful emotions," said Roger Pitman, a professor of psychiatry at HarvardMedicalSchool. "This could relieve a lot of that suffering." But those who are against the research say that maybe the pills can change people’s memories and changing memories is very dangerous because memories give us our identity. They also help us all avoid the mistakes of the past. "All of us can think of bad events in our lives that were terrible at the time but make us who we are. I'm not sure we want to wipe those memories out, "said Rebecca Dresser, a medical ethicist. 62. The passage is mainly about _______. A. a new medical invention C. a way of wiping out painful memories pill 63. The drug tested on people can _______. B. a new research on the pill D. an argument about the research on the

A. cause the brain to fix memories

B. stop people remembering bad experiences

C. prevent body producing certain chemicals D. wipe out the emotional effects of memories 64. We can infer from the passage that _______. A. people doubt the effects of the pills B. the pill will certainly stop people's emotional memories C. taking the pill will do harm to people's physical health D. the pill has already been produced and used by the public in America 65. Which of the following does Rebecca Dresser agree with in the last paragraph ? A. Some memories can ruin people's lives. B. People want to get rid of bad memories. C. Experiencing bad events makes us different from others. D. The pill will reduce people's sufferings from bad memories. E There was one thing that I found rather strange on my first day to work at Monk's House. The floors in the house were very thin. The bathroom was directly above the kitchen, and when Mrs. Woolf was having her bath before breakfast, I could hear her talking to herself. On and on she went, talk, talk, talk, asking questions and giving herself the answers. I thought there must have been two or three people up there with her. Later Mr.Woolf explained that Mrs.Woolf always said out loud what she had written during the night. She needed to know if they sounded right and the bath was a good place for trying them out. I was not allowed to make coffee at Monk's House--Mr. and Mrs. Woolf came into thekitchen at eight o'clock every morning to make it. When we carried the breakfast trays to Mrs.Woolf's room I noticed that there were pencils and paper beside her bed so that when she woke up she could work, and sometimes it seemed as though she had had very little sleep. Mrs. Woolf's bedroom was outside the house in the garden.I used to think how inconvenient it must be to have to go out in rain to go to bed. Her bedroom had been added to the back of the house; the door faced the garden and a window opened out

onto a field. Because the writing-room was small, Mr. Woolf had had a larger one built for her at the end of the garden against the church wall. I can always remember her coming out of her writing--room only for lunch each day: she used to walk down through the garden smoking one of her favourite cigarettes. She was tall and thin and very graceful, with large, deep--set eyes. She wore long skirts in the fashion of the day, and silk jackets of the same colour, which suited her well. I pressed her clothes and did any sewing that was necessary. Her cigarettes were made from a special tobacco called My Mixture.Mr.Woolf boughtit for her in London, and, in the evenings , they used to sit by the fire and make these cigarettes themselves. 66.At the time of this passage, the writer might have been______. A.a friend of Mrs. Woolf B.the assistant of Mr. Woolf C.a reporter who was writing about Mrs. Woolf's life. D.the housekeeper at Monk's House 67.What was particularly unusual about Monk's House? A.The floors were very thin. B.The bathroom was directly above the kitchen. C.Mrs.Woolf's bedroom was outside the house in the garden. D.The house was next to a church. 68.What can we learn about Mrs. Woolf's writing habits from this passage? A.She wrote while having a bath in the morning. B.She often did a lot of writing at night. C.She worked in the garden so that she could smoke. D.She stayed in bed all day writing with pencils. 69.What was Mr. Woolf's attitude towards his wife according to this passage? A.He lived a separate life from his wife. B.He found her strange and difficult to get along with. C.He helped with her writing although he didn't understand much. D.He tried his best to satisfy her needs.

70.According to this passage, Mrs. Woolf_________. A.spent most of her time on her own work B.didn't have a good taste of clothes C.didn't do any housework herself D.was attractive but cold to others

四.任务型阅读(每空一词,共 10 分) 请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词. A hobby is an activity we can do in our free time, so that we can keep ourselves busy with something that makes us happy. Different people pursue (追求) different kinds of hobbies, according to their personal likes and dislikes. Hobbies are activities we choose to do, but not activities we have to do. There is a lot of difference between wanting to do something and having to do it. We only want to do those things we like to do, and things that give us pleasure and peace of mind. Hobbies hold a very important place in our lives. For example, they are a means of connecting us with our inner self. The time devoted to taking up a hobby is our own time. This is the time when we can connect and communicate with ourselves. During this personal time, we can do whatever we like. Doing things according to our own wishes gives us a sense of inner satisfaction, and also helps develop self-confidence. Hobbies also help discover talents. There is a possibility that we are interested in a certain activity, but have never had a chance to actually try it. If we develop our interest as our hobbies, it’s obvious that we’ll do it with great interest. So, even if we have never tried a certain thing before, we can still learn to do it. Thus, the hobbyists’ hidden talents can be discovered, and this can make them feel extremely proud and satisfied. It’s human nature to try to know more about the things we like. The moment we pursue some activities as our favorite hobbies, we tend to gain more knowledge about the same hobby. Whether it’s gardening, cooking, painting or collecting stamps, we always try to get a deeper understanding of what we’re doing, so that we can do it more correctly. What’s more, we also happen to meet people with similar tastes

and sometimes, possessing (拥有) rich knowledge about their hobbies. Thus, besides gaining knowledge, hobbies also provide us with a chance to meet people who share similar likes and dislikes with us. Whatever our hobbies are, they can be developed at any age, as a child or as an adult. However, if we begin at a young age, we can get more time to experience the joys of our favorite pursuit. The hobby tends to grow with us, and someday, may also take us to great heights.

Why to take up a hobby Paragraph outline ·Hobbies are activities we do in our free time to make us busy with (1) makes us happy. Meanings ·Our hobbies are based on our likes. ·Hobbies are those activities people are (2) Helping connect With the inner self · The time (4) to do. Supporting details

on the hobby is our personal

time when we can be free to do anything we like. · We’ll feel (5) with ourselves in our

inner heart and become more confident. ·We can learn a lot by trying some activities Helping discover (3) talents with great(6). ·We’ll be able to find our talents thatremain ___(7)__ ·When pursuing a hobby, we tend to try our best Helping gain knowledge to (8) it well, and them we gain a lot of knowledge. ·We can also (9) some learned people and

learn a lot from them. Though all hobbies can be developed at any age, yet it’s better to develop (10) one when we are young.

高一英语期初试卷答案 2017.8 一.听力(每题 1 分,总分 20 分) 1-5.BABCA 6-10. BBACC 11-15. ACBAA 16-20. CCBAC 二.单选(每小题 1 分,总分 30 分) CDADD CDABD DBCDAACDAB ACACD DACBA 三.完形(每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) DBCAB BCDAA DACCD BADBC

四.阅读(每小题 2.5 分,满分 50 分) DCA DCBABCDB DCAC DCBDA