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高优指导2017英语北师版(福建专用)一轮考点规范练21 选修7 Unit 21

考点规范练 21(选修 7 Unit 21)
Ⅰ.阅读理解 If a woman has an extra piece of cake,don’t blame it on greed,blame it on her brain. Scientists have found that women’s brains react to food very differently—and much more strongly—than men’s.Academics found that decades of dieting pressure on women and advertising have programmed certain parts of the female brain to react strongly when faced with any kind of food.Men,on the other hand,are not usually as obsessive (着迷的) about what they eat. Dr.Rudolf Uher and his colleagues at the Institute of Psychiatry in King’s College London used brain scanning technology,known as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI),to look at the brains of eighteen men and women. The volunteers were given images of food to look at,as well as food to taste.Their brain reactions were observed by the scientists. They found that the female brains reacted much more strongly than those of males. The same reaction did not happen when they were shown non-food images.The team believe this means women think more about food than men tend to do. Dr.Uher said,“This could be related to biological differences between men and women.But the more likely explanation is that women have a more complicated reaction to food because of social pressure. Professor Carey Cooper,psychology and health professor at Lancaster University,said,“For centuries women have had a providing role — preparing and cooking food for their families.And it is part of that rule to make sure the food is safe.They will therefore be much more sensitive to food than men are,and I would not be surprised if that was now built into their DNA.If the female brain reacts to food because it historically has developed neural (神经的) pathways to do this,then food will be the way they express their stress.Food actually,is a comfort for women.” But other experts have said that more research must be done before the results can be proved.American scientist Angelo del Parigi of the John B.Pierce Laboratory in New Haven,Connecticut,said,“Looking at an fMRI alone cannot make sure whether the stronger reaction in women is due to innate (天生的) differences or a learned process. 1.Dr.Uher and his colleagues carried out the research by comparing . A.fMRI’s effectiveness on women and men B.women’s and men’s reaction to different images C.volunteers’ reaction to food before and after meals D.volunteers’ reaction to different kinds of food 2.In Dr.Uher’s opinion,women react more strongly to food than men most probably because they are . A.told to do so for a long time B.influenced by advertisements C.forced by powerful social influences D.born to do so due to biological reasons 3.According to Professor Carey Cooper,women . A.turn to food when they feel sad B.are stressed because of food safety C.accept their social role from the heart D.are satisfied with preparing food for their families 4.What was Angelo del Parigi’s attitude towards the research results? A.Surprised. B.Doubtful. C.Uninterested. D.Curious. Ⅱ.完形填空 My husband and I insisted that our children were old enough to clean their rooms and make their beds.But they thought 1 .My complaints,even self-justified shouting,were always landing on 2 ears.Very often a whole hour’s scolding would end with their 3 into tears,and I felt very frustrated.I realized I needed to 4 my method of “mothering”. One day when they were at school,I spent some time 5 their rooms.On their desks,in plain 6 ,I left the cards:“Dear Bill(the other card was 7 to Sarah),your room was messy this morning and I’m sure you like it clean.Love,the Room Fairy.” 8 arriving back,the children were 9 excited to

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receive the little note from the Room Fairy.The next day,their rooms were fairly tidy.Sure enough,there was another note from the Room Fairy 10 for them,thanking them for their nice “gift” of a clean room and 11 asking them to play a certain violin 12 .Each day,thank-you notes would be written differently to keep the ideas 13 . Sometimes the Room Fairy would propose a little 14 : “If you can finish your homework and 15 your lessons before dinner,I’d like to watch a particular television program with you tonight.” Sometimes some colored markers or other little items would be left in 16 of well done jobs the day 17 . 18 I can’t remember how long “the Room Fairy” continued leaving her love notes.When they were age appropriate,we used various versions of PostIts (贴条).The bathroom mirror became the 19 centre of our home.Appointments,notices about visiting relatives,lesson schedules,and changes in plans could be posted. We all benefited from and 20 the idea of sharing reminders and daily details of life through notes.I believe the true advantage of the Room Fairy notes survives in our frequent and enjoyable communication. 1.A.indifferently B.gratefully C.doubtfully D.otherwise 2.A.side B.deaf C.neither D.either 3.A.crying B.breaking C.bursting D.bumping 4.A.adjust B.adopt C.access D.addict 5.A.clearing B.tidying C.emptying D.searching 6.A.sentence B.words C.speech D.sight 7.A.sent B.read C.delivered D.addressed 8.A.As B.At C.In D.Upon 9.A.more than B.rather than C.no more than D.other than 10.A.asking B.waiting C.praying D.expecting 11.A.politely B.happily C.gently D.toughly 12.A.music B.song C.piece D.tone 13.A.respectable B.uninteresting C.incredible D.fresh 14.A.challenge B.question C.suggestion D.advice 15.A.go with B.look up C.go over D.look into 16.A.response B.answer C.praise D.honor 17.A.ahead B.before C.over D.ago 18.A.Actually B.Even so C.Even if D.Though 19.A.life B.main C.memory D.reminder 20.A.learned B.appreciated C.shared D.thanked Ⅲ.语篇填空

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(2016 山东 19 所名校调研) There’s no such thing as living alone.Never mind if you’re 1. only person in your house and have no dog,no cat,not even fish.You still have got several billion 2. (roommate) — and so do we all.Some of them are harmless,some are 3. (actual) helpful and some could even kill you.They are,of course,bacteria,fungi (菌类) and viruses,and like it or not,they’re on you,around you,and deeply within you.The fact that bacteria life is everywhere is not 4. (surprise).It’s something you 5. (learn) from your childhood when your mother told you not to drink water from someone else’s glass.There are lots of bacteria 6. are living in your tea kettle.There are bacteria 7. (sleep) with you on your bed.Scientists are beginning 8. (realize) the richness of the microbiome (微生物群系) — which is as complex as the ones 9. (find) in oceans,rainforests,deserts and woodlands.Your house has a microbiome and 10. do you. Ⅳ.短文改错 (2016 湖北荆州质检) My friend Mike has benefited great from humor.He is kind but overweight,that brings him a lot of problems.Once one of my classmates laughed him,“Why are you so fat?”We all stopped to stare at Mike,wonder how he would answer the question.He just said in the calm voice,“Well,because of my size must be large enough to hold my heart of love.”Hearing his word,we all burst into laughter.Not only does Mike take the joke,but he also managed to cope with the embarrassed situation.What an important part humor plays in ours daily life! ##

考点规范练 21
Ⅰ.1.B 细节理解题。根据第五段“They found that the female brains reacted much more strongly than those of males.”及第六段中的“The same reaction did not happen when they were shown non-food images.”可知,Uher 博士比较了男性和女性在面对不同图片时大脑 的反应是否一样。 2.C 细节理解题。根据倒数第三段中的“But the more likely explanation is that women have a more complicated reaction to food because of social pressure.”可知答案。 3.A 推理判断题。根据倒数第二段中的“food will be the way they express their stress.Food actually,is a comfort for women.”可知,食物可以带给女性安慰,因此女性伤心 难过的时候会吃东西。 4.B 推理判断题。根据最后一段中的“Looking at an fMRI alone cannot make sure whether the stronger reaction in women is due to innate (天生的) differences or a learned process.”可以看出,Angelo del Parigi 对 Uher 博士的研究结果持怀疑的态度。 Ⅱ.1.D 根据上下文的意思可知孩子们的想法和我们的不一样,他们并不想自己整理。 indifferently“冷淡地”;gratefully“感激地”;doubtfully“怀疑地”;otherwise“另外,在其他方面”。 故选 D 项。 2.B 根据句意可知孩子们对我的抱怨根本不理睬,充耳不闻。答案为 B 项。 3.C burst into tears 为固定短语,意为“突然哭起来”。 4.A 此处是指“我”得调整“我”做妈妈的方法了。adjust“调整”;adopt“接受”;access“接 近”;addict“使上瘾”。故选 A 项。 5.B 根据下文中的“...I’m sure you like it clean.”可知此处是说打扫了孩子的房间,故选 B 项。 3

6.B 结合句意可知我在卡片上留下了话。sentence“句子”;words“句子,话语”;speech“发 言”;sight“视力,风景”。故选 B 项。 7.D 这里是指我另外一封信写给了 Sarah。address“给……写(信)”,符合题意。 8.D 孩子们一回家就非常兴奋。upon...意为“一……就……”,根据句意可知 D 项正确。 9.A more than 可用来修饰形容词,意为“非常”。 10.B 由上下文可知,每天都有一封感谢信在等着(wait for)他们。 11.C 根据第一段中“Very often a whole hour’s scolding...”可知此处用 gently,与我以前 的方法形成对比,故选 C 项。 12.C 一首小提琴曲子应用 a certain violin piece 表示,故选 C 项。 13.D 这里是指每天都有新鲜的想法。故选 D 项。 14.A 根据下文可知都是一些有难度的工作,故选 A 项。 15.C 此处表示在晚饭之前复习功课。go over 意为“复习”,符合题意。 16.C in praise of 为固定短语,意为“表扬”。 17.B the day before 意为“前一天”。 18.A 此处意为“实际上我也不记得……”,故选 A 项。 19.D 这里是指浴室的玻璃上成了贴纸条的提醒墙。最后一段第一句中“reminders”也 是提示。 20.B 根据空前的“benefited”可知此处表示我们都欣赏这种分享提示的做法,故选 B 项。 Ⅲ.1.the 由文章内容及 only 的暗示可知,此处用 the 表示特指仅一个人。 2.roommates 根据 several billion 可知,此处应用复数形式。 3.actually 此处应用副词修饰 are helpful 谓语部分。 4.surprising 在句中充当表语,表示特性,意为“令人意外的”时应用 surprising。 5.learned/learnt 根据下文 told 为过去时态可知,此处也应用过去时态。 6.which/that 此处应用 that/which 引导定语从句,指物,在从句中做主语。 7.sleeping 根据 sleep 和 bacteria 之间为主动关系可知,此处应用现在分词做后置定语。 8.to realize 在 start 和 begin 的进行时态后跟心理活动的动词时,常用不定式表示“开始 意识到……”。 9.found 根据 find 和 the ones 之间为被动关系可知,此处应用过去分词做定语。 10.so “so +助/be/情态动词+主语”表示“……也如此”。 Ⅳ. My friend Mike has benefited great from humor.He is kind but overweight, that brings him a lot of problems.Once one of my classmates laughed ∧ him,“Why are you so fat?”We all stopped to stare at Mike, wonder how he would answer the question.He just said in the calm voice,“Well,because
a wondering at greatly which

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my size must be large enough to hold my heart of love.”Hearing his word,we all burst into laughter.Not only does Mike take the joke,but he also managed to cope with the embarrassed situation.What an important part humor plays in ours daily life!
embarrassing our did words

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