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河北省石家庄市2017届高三第一次模拟考试英语试题-Word版含答案


2017 届石家庄市高中毕业班第一次模拟考试 英语试题(B 卷)
本试卷由四个部分组成。其中,第一、二部分和第三部分的第一节为选择题。 第三部分的第二节和第四部分为非选择题。 注意事项: 1.答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。 2.选出每小题答案后, 用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。 如需改动, 用橡皮 擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。 第一部分听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题海小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从每题所给的 A,B,C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在 答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 A Companies Best Shine United(Madison, Wisconsin) In the past five years, this Wisconsin 一 based advertising agency has shared more than ﹩500,000 in profits with its employees through the company’s ShineShares program. The agency partnered with the University of Wisconsin’s oncology department to develop the Ride,a biking event that benefits cancer research .Employees also get

snacks every day,"Beer Thirty" on Thursdays,and Summer Fridays,a program that lets employees leave at noon. GroundFloor Media(Denver,Colorado) The key for workers at this midsize public relations firm in Denver is that employees work anytime , anywhere. Headquarters are in a former warehouse downtown,near Coors Field. The offices are spread around the central space that
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doubles as a wet bar every Thursday when the company’s "bear club" brings in a new brew. Ergodyne(St. Paul,Minnesota) The St. Paul-based company has grown to operating out of a retired storehouse with plenty of natural light. Rules about dressing? "Wear something." Its purpose? To create cool, comfortable, and tough safety workwear for those who need it to get the job done. Ergodyne has around 50 employees, who enjoy hot 一 dish cook 一 offs, tickets to sporting events,and at least one L happy hour every quarter. Southwest Michigan First(Kalamazoo,Michigan) It’s family first at this Michigan economic development advising agency. CEO Ron Kitchens says that in the past year,the company has made a push to go green,initially started by the millennial employees who make up half the agency’s workforce. A new staff position was created for the purpose of making sure every employee. is able to balance working and cheering at their kids’ sporting events or going fishing. 21.What’s the purpose of the ShineShares program? A. To raise money for a research. C. To share the company’s benefits. B. To let employees leave earlier. D. To partner with a local university.

22. What does Southwest Michigan First encourage their employees to do? A. To create new staff positions. C. To join in cooking competitions. B. To accompany their families. D. To enjoy themselves in sporting events.

23. Which company allows its staff a flexible working time? A. Shine United. C .Southwest Michigan First. B. GroundFloor Media. D. Ergodyne.

24. What can we know about the companies mentioned in the text`? A. They care about employees’ happiness. B. They offer employees financial support. C .They have strict rules about dressing. D. They have training programs. Keep Running into Mary Richards

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When I was 13 , I first met Mary Richards , the central character in the sitcom(situation comedy)"The Mary Tyler Moore Show". She was a single and independent career. woman. As soon as I heard the show’s theme song Who can turn

the world on with her smile?,I was hooked. My friends were huge fans as well. Passing in the hallway at school,we would shout to each other,trying to imitate(模仿)Mary’s accent. “Hi,Rho! See ya later,kid?” The show lasted seven years , but our fascination(着迷)faded earlier. But that wasn’ t the end of Mary for me. In the 1990s,when I was single,living alone in a city,a TV-station began airing reruns of "The Mary. Tyler Moore Show" at 10 p.m. I was hooked all over again. But this time was different. The way she handled her career and relationships,sending a clear message that being 30-plus and single was just fine, won my respect on a whole new level. Once again,however,life moved on. I went to live in a different , city,and 10 p.m.became the perfect time to call my mother each night. For me,talking to Mom was always a great pleasure. So when my mom passed away,it was as if the sun had gone out of the sky. That feeling seemed particularly intense at 10 p.m.,when I’d find myself staring at my silent phone. And then I heard the song I’d first heard at age 13,Who can turn the world on with her smile?. Mary Richards, of course! Thanks to the wonder of technology,Mary was now as close as my phone. So every night at 10,I would dial up an episode of "The Mary Tyler Moore Show.” Weeks later,I realized I didn’t need my nightly sessions with Mary anymore, because mom’s and Mary’s elegance was showing itself in other corners of my life and, once again,I was ready to move on. 25. What does the author’s imitation with her friends indicate? A. They had a very happy childhood. C. They valued their friendship a lot. B. The theme song was well received. D. The sitcom was popular with them.

26. How did the sitcom influence the author in the' 1990s? A. Her career was changed greatly. C. She became more confident in life. B. She decided to stop living singly. D. Her fascination with it disappeared.

27. What does the underlined word "intense" in Paragraph 3 probably mean?
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A. Contradictory.

B. Strong.

C. Natural. C

D. Serious.

Few people are aware that Waterloo Bridge , crossed by thousands of daily commuters(上班族)and celebrated as a London landmark, was mainly built by a female workforce. There are no written or photographic records of the women who built the bridge since the construction company that built it closed in the 1980s and with it went all the records: What’s left is anecdotal evidence,kept alive by the tourist boat captains who have called it the Ladies Bridge. During the Second World War,with the majority of the active male .labor force away at the front,women increasingly took on traditionally male roles. By 1944,

25,000 women were working in the construction industry,carrying out back 一 breaking tasks. These women were permitted to carry out this exhausting and

dangerous work on the basis that it would only be temporary and that their pay would be lower than that of men. So the trend in women working in construction and engineering did not continue after the war. September sees a series of events celebrating the unknown work of the large female workforce. Musician Claudia Molitor has created a 45-minute musical entitled "the Singing Bridge",which runs at Somerset House from 9 to 25 September. In late September , the "Light up the Ladies Bridge" event saw the National

Theatre’s fly tower lit up by large scale photographic projections( 投影 )of female construction workers working in construction during World War II. Let’s all celebrate the women who have helped to build the cities in which we live. 28. Why do few people know about the builders of Waterloo Bridge? A. Female workers received little attention. B. The records of their work have been lost. C. The construction took place long ago. D. Few people know about the bridge. 29.Why did London women do the construction work? A. It was a tradition in London.
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B. They wanted to get a steady job.

C. The company offered them better pay. 30. what’s the fourth paragraph mainly about? A. The influence of the bridge on art.

D. Most men had gone to the battlefield.

B.A musician’s contribution to the bridge. C. The events in honor of the bridge builders. D. Women’s work during the Second World War. 31 .Which can be the best title for the text? A. Female Workers on the Rise C. A New London Landmark B. A Hidden Treasure in London D. The Story behind the Ladies Bridge D While the world is still debating the safety of self-driving cars,Dubai is preparing to launch an autonomous flying taxi. Starting in July the world' s first passenger drone(无人机), the EHang 184,will be available to passengers. The shuttle, released in Las Vegas in January 2016, weighs 440 pounds and can fly at heights of up to 11,500 feet. The egg 一 shaped vehicle has room for a single passenger weighing up to 220 pounds and a small suitcase. Though the flying taxi can reach speeds of up to 100 mph,it will typically operate at about 62 mph. Passengers can ask for the flying taxi to pick them up from appointed zones using a smart phone app. Passengers strap into the seat,select a destination on the touchscreen, and enjoy the flight. To ensure the passenger’s safety,all flights are monitored remotely by a control room on the ground. In the unlikely event that any of the components malfunction or disconnect,the drone will make an emergency landing to ensure the customer’s safety. It’s also programmed to ensure its route won’t a:Ffect that of another drone. While having no control over the remotely piloted vehicle may appear scary,the producer,China-based EHang, says,"It is the safest,smartest and eco 一 friendly low altitude autonomous flying vehicle.”Any drawback? The EHang 184 has a battery life of 30 minutes and a flight range of just 31 miles. Also unknown is the cost of each ride.

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Though the flying taxi seems advanced,it is not the first driverless transportation option available to Dubai’s residents. As part of its goal to have 25% of public the world’s

transportation be automated by 203fl, the authorities have built longest driverless

metro and introduced self-navigating shuttles. Officials recently

also partnered with a US company to build supersonic speed gods to carry passengers between Dubai and Abu Dhabi. 32. What can we learn about the flying taxi? A. A passenger can call for a flying taxi online. B .It can carry a weight of 220 pounds at most. C. A passenger can touch the screen to control it. D. It usually flies at a speed of 100 miles an hour. 33. How can the shuttle guarantee a passenger’s safety in an equipment failure? A. It lowers its flying speed. C. It gets help from the control room. 34. What is the drawback of the EHang 184? A. It’s too scary to ride in it. C. It runs out of power easily. B . It costs a lot to take a ride. D .It only flies at a low altitude. B. It changes to another route. D. It’s programmed to land autonomously.

35. Which of the following makes the EHang 184? A. A Chinese company. C. An American company. B.A company in Dubai. D.A company in Abu Dhabi.

第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有 两项为多余选项。 Master Your Deadlines The struggle begins in high school, sometimes earlier. Deadlines, arid lots of them, start to pile up. At college,the pressure sometimes leads to last -minute rush and unsatisfactory work. At work,failing to meet deadlines can easily get you Bred. Here are a few best practices. · Assign deadlines to what matters. 36

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If the task isn’t of high importance,don’t set a specific deadline. In this way,you are able to keep it on your radar for a while without feeling pressured. will provide just enough pressure to ensure you get it done. · 38 Set a personal deadline for yourself a day or two before the actual deadline 39 If 37 This

you’re working with a group of people,add in even more time to account for potential follow-ups and the need for approvals. · Keep communicating. 40 This means letting others know when something is taking longer than

expected,when a delivery didn’t come in,when a client is not providing the necessary information,etc. Although it may feel embarrassing to admit that something is not on schedule,being honest is much better for relieving your stress. A. Plan for flexible hours. B. Finish your project as early as possible. C. But if an activity is urgent,set a deadline immediately. D. In this way,you’11 never have to stay up late and feel stressed. E. But handled properly, deadlines can actually improve productivity. F. Whenever you feel challenged to finish work on time,communicate. G. So if anything takes longer than expected,you can still wrap it up and submit it on time. 第三部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中:选出可以填 人空白处跳最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 On our first anniversary, Jack bought a bottle of Casaque, an expensive cologne(古 龙香水) for me. "We agreed to save the money for your postgraduate education",I said somewhat half-heartedly as I took it out from a beautifully-wrapped packet. "I am

unable not to give something 41 to the world’s most beautiful bride, honey!”I held it to my 42 ,and smelled the most pleasant flavor I could. ever 43 .Looking down at

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my 44

blue jeans and ugly, ragged tennis shoes,I wondered if I could ever be 45 .I used only a little of it every time 47 the 46 Jack graduated

worthy of it. But I would

and our life was financially easier. It’s a foolish love of a young husband.

Then one day three-year-old Jim was sitting on the floor bottle His lips wet,he was making a( n ) "Jack; come quick, ’I cried, "Can cologne 51 mostly just alcohol, honey," Jack child was 53 .I now felt 54 52 49

48

the empty cologne cologne!

face. He drank my 50

my baby? Jim drank the rest of it!”“It’s

me. Little Jim was fine, and my concern for my

to see the empty cologne bottle. it as

A few weeks later, Jack bought another bottle of my beloved cologne. I 55 much as I had done to the earlier one. thought it best to buy mother 57 56

,it became three-quarters empty. I

.But the shop assistant told me that there wasp’t

even a maker of that brand any more. Now I only use my special cologne on very important occasions, because there will be 58 to replace it when these last few precious 59 are gone. But from the bottom of

my heart it’,not three-quarters empty but still one-quarter full. Perhaps if I’m very careful,I can 41 .A. special 42. A. eye 43 .A. imagine 44. A. clumsy 45 .A. try 46. A. unless 47. A. cost 48. A. looking for 49. A. amused 50. A. poisonous 51 .A. hurt 52. A. criticized 53. A. increased 60 using it for the rest of my life. B. terrible B. nose B. afford B. unique B. act B. even if C. practical C. hand C. touch C. faded C. insist C. until D. cheap D. mouth D. describe D. stylish D. withdraw D. even after D. symbol D. filling D. happy D. magical; D.please D. comforted D. developed

B. consequence C. standard B. holding B. excited B. precious B. attract B. encouraged B. relieved C. reaching for C. awful C. dangerous C. frighten C. educated C. confirmed
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54. A. grateful 55. A, resisted 56. A. Still 57. A. brand 58. A. some 59. A. quarters 60. A. turn to

B. nervous B. wasted B. So B. bottle B. none B. packets B .devote to

C. heartbroken C. protected C. Otherwise C. flavor C. another C. drops C .count on

D. desperate D. prized D. Therefore D. color D. more D. shops D .decide on

注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第三部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节(共 10 小题海小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 Chinese are the first people to have tea. One thousand and two hundred years ago, Lu Yu wrote a book called "The Classic of Tea", Tea". The book gives a detailed the classification of tea. However,Chinese tea culture goes far beyond tea 63 (it).Take green tea for 62 61 is honored as "The Bible of

(explain)of the origin,the processing skills and

instance,the ideal temperature of the water should be around 80 degree Celsius. If the water is too hot,nutrients(营养)in the tea 64 water is not hot enough ,the tea 65 ( destroy ). On the other hand , if the

(leaf ) won’t open up and you will miss the 66 drinking hot tea.

pleasantly fresh flavor. So Chinese people axe accustomed When you visit a Chinese friend, your friend will emptying cup of tea. It is polite 68 67

(constant)add hot water to your

(offer)the tea cup to guests with both hands. Of 69 (take)over the cup with both hands. 70 saying: wine full, full cup.

course,the guests should pay respect as well

Talking about adding water to the tea cup, there is

Tea half,half cup. For wine,full cup symbolizes whole heartiness. For tea,half,it means modesty. 第四部分写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作

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文。文中 共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除 或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。 2,只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Mistakes are unavoidable in life. But attitudes towards it may make a difference. I still remember haw my spoken English was improved. In a beginning,I always kept silent in our oral class to avoid make mistakes. Before long my

teacher got to know about my situation. He encouraged me to speak out that I thought. Whenever I made mistakes and felt discouraging,my teacher arid my classmates would help me figure out how I must have avoided them. I also joined in an English club to get more chances to speak. Practice made perfect. Now I can talk fluent in English. Just as the saying goes , "Every bean has its black.”Don’t afraid, of making mistakes. Learn from mistakes,and success is just waiting for us. 第二节书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是李华。你的美国外教 David 回国时,请你帮他找人制作一枚中文名 章(name stamp)以作纪念。你已找好制作人。给他写封邮件,告知此事,并请他从所附图片 中挑选字 体、图案及材料。 注意:1.词数 100 左右; 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 Dear David

Yours Li Hua
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