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人教版新目标七下Unit1 Section A (Grammar Focus-3c)_图文

用 Can …? 句型询问能力? 一、 阅读 Grammar Focus 部分, 完成下 列句子。 Can you swim? 1. — 你会游泳吗? _______________ No, I can’t. — 不,我不会。 _______________ 2. — 你们会说英语吗? ______________________ Can you speak English? — 是的,会。 Yes, we can. ______________________

3. — 她会下棋吗?
— 不会。

Can she play chess? _________________ No, she can’t. _________________

4. — 贝尔和简会跳舞吗?
_______________________ Can Bill and Jane dance?

_________________ Yes, they can. 5. — 你会做什么事情?What _______________ can you do? I can play the guitar. — 我会弹吉它。 ___________________

— 是的,会。

二、探究乐园。

1.情态动词是动词的一种,表示说话人的语气 和情态等,有一定的意义,不能单独作谓语, 必须和实义动词或连系动词连用构成谓语。 常用情态动词有can,may,must等。本单元学习can. (1)情态动词can用在陈述句中多表示主语做某事 的能力“能,会”,有时也表“可能” e.g. He can answer this question.他能回答这个问题。 e.g. We can speak English.我们会说英语。 e.g.My brother can be in the bedroom now. 我弟弟现在可能在卧室。

(2)含有情态动词can 的肯定句变为否定句时,需 在can后加not,缩写成can’t e.g.I can sing this song.我会唱这首歌。 (变为否定句) →I can’t sing this song.我不会唱这首歌。 (3)变为一般疑问句:将情态动词can移到句首。 e.g.Bob can play the violin.鲍勃会拉小提琴。 →Can Bob play the violin?鲍勃会拉小提琴吗? Yes, he can.是的,他会。 /No, he can’t不,他不会。

总结发现:

可以看出,在 Can…? 句型中,情态 动 数 的变化。 人称 和 ___ 词 can 没有_____

主语 + __________ 动词原形 + 其他? Can + _____
肯定回答: _________________ Yes, 主语 + can.

No, 主语 + can’t. 否定回答: _________________
主语 + ____? do What + can + _____

Can Wu Jun speak No, he can’t. But he can speak Chinese. English?
英语 English

汉语

Wu Jun

Can …?

Jenny

No, he / she can’t. But he / she can …

Can …?
Tom

No, he / she can’t. But he / she can …

Can …?

No, he/she can’t. But he/she can …
Linda

Write questions and answers with the words and phrases. 1. Wu Jun/speak English/speak Chinese Can Wu Jun speak English? __________________________________ No, he can’t, but he can speak Chinese. __________________________________ 2. Mike/play basketball/play tennis __________________________________ Can Mike play basketball? No, he can’t, but he can play tennis. __________________________________

3. Jane and Jill/dance/sing Can Jane and Jill dance? __________________________________ No, they can’t, but they can sing. __________________________________ 4. Grace/play soccer/play volleyball Can Grace play soccer? ___________________________________ No, she can’t, but she can play volleyball. ___________________________________ 5. Bill/write stories/tell stories Can Bill write stories? __________________________________ No, he can’t, but he can tell stories. __________________________________

What can you do?

Take turns to say what you can do.
School Show Sunday 6:00 p.m. in the music room. What can you do? Come and show us!

I can play the guitar.

I can do kong fu. I can tell English stories.

I can sing and dance.

Make a list of what you can do in your group.

Li Meng
S2 S3

play the guitar do kong fu …

S4 S5
S6

In my group, Li Meng can play the guitar. S2 can do kong fu. ________________________________ S3 can sing and dance. S4 can tell

________________________________ English stories. S5 can …

Complete the following poster

3b with the words in the box.
play sing tell dance
Students Wanted for School Show We want students for the school show. sing or ______? Can you _____ dance Can you play the guitar? Can you ____ tell stories? _____ Please talk to Mr. Zhang after school.

3b

1.Students Wanted for School Show (1)show 1)show (可数n)“演出,节目” e.g.The show starts at 8:00 in the morning. 演出上午8点钟开始。 e.g. Are there any good shows tonight? 今晚有什么好节目吗? (2)show(vt)“给…看,展示”常用结构show sb sth或 show sth to sb“给某人看某物” e.g. Please show me your new book. =Please show your new book to me. 请让我看看你的新书。

2.Can you sing or dance? (1)or连词“或者,还是”表示在两者或两者以 上选择其一。 e.g. Is it white or black? 它是白的还是黑的? e.g. How old are you, 13 or 14? 你多大了,13或是14岁? [练习]What does your sister like,music, art _______ sports? A.and B.or C.but D./

(2) and 和 or 的用法辨析。 1) and 和、且(用于肯定句中) Tom and Jack can play soccer well. 汤姆和杰克能打足球打得很好。 2) or 或者; 也不(用于疑问句中或否定句中) Can you sing or dance? 你会唱歌还是跳舞? My sister can’t play basketball or soccer. 我姐姐不会打篮球也不会踢足球。

3.Please talk to Mr. Zhang after school. (1)talk (vi)“谈话,谈论,交谈”,表示与某 人说话时,应在后加介词to或with。talk to/with sb. “和某人交谈” talk about sth.“谈论某事” e.g .I like to talk to /with her.我喜欢和她谈话。 e.g. I often talk with my friends about our homework.我经常和我的朋友们谈论家庭作业。 e.g.She is talking with Lucy in English. 她正在用英语和露茜交谈某事。 e.g. I want to have a talk with you. 我想和你谈一谈。

(2) talk say speak tell区别 ①talk “说话,谈话”一般用作不及物动词, 强调说话这一动作,常与to 或with等介词连用。 常用搭配talk about sth “谈论某事”和 talk with sb“和某人交谈”talk to sb“和某人谈” e.g. They are talking about the news. 他们正在谈论新闻。 e.g. Let me talk to him.让我和他交谈。 e.g.Can you talk with me?你能和我交谈吗? ②say强调“说”的内容,常作及物动词,后面 接所要说的内容.say sth to sb“给某人说某事”。 e.g .What do you want to say?你想说什么? e.g.I can say it in English. 我能用英语把它说出来

③speak “说话,讲话”,作不及物动词,强调 说话的动作或能力,不强调说话的内容, speak to sb“和某人讲话”,作及物动词其后接 宾语一般表示某种语言的名词。 e.g .May I speak to Mr. Wang? 我可以和王先生通话吗? e.g .I can speak English.我会说英语。 ④tell及物动词“告诉”接双宾语tell sb sth= tell sth to sb“告诉某人某事” e.g. Please tell me your name.请把你的名字告诉我。 e.g. He tells us to wait for him there.他告诉我们 在那儿等他。

( C) [练习]Can you _______English? A.say B.talk C.speak D.tell [练习]Tom wants_______ ( B) to you. Are you free? A.to tell B.to talk C.tells D.talks [练习]Can you_______ ( A) stories in English? A.tell B.speak C.talk D.say

一、选词填空。 speak, tell, say, talk, show talk to his son. 1. Ms. Wu wants to ____ 2. Jenny and Mary can speak _____ English well. 3. Can you _____ show your new photo, Grace? 4. Bob ____ says “I can play chess well.” 5. Mr. Li often ____ tells us interesting stories.

二、根据题意选择括号内的正确形式填空。
1. My grandpa likes to play _____. chess (chess, the chess) 2. My sister wants ______ to join (join/to join) art club. 3. Mr. Wu can’t sing ___ or (and/or) dance. 4. Our Chinese teacher always tell _______ stories (story/stories) to us.

5. — You can join the chess club.
— _______ Sounds (Sounds/Sound) good.

6. Linda can’t play volleyball, ____ but (and/but)
she can play soccer. 7. Can you play the guitar ____ well (well/good)? 三、句型转换。 1. Can you play soccer? (作否定回答) ____________ No, I can’t.

2. Can Mary and Linda play chess? (作肯定 Yes, they can. 回答) ______________ 3. I can play volleyball. (对划线部分提问) _____ What _____ sport can you play? 4. I want to join a music club. (对划线部分 提问) _____ What _____ club do you want to join? 5. They can write stories and tell stories. (变 否定句) They _____ can’t write stories ___ or tell stories.

四、根据汉语提示完成句子。 1. Jim’s sister can ______ speak _______ English (说英语) well. 2. Jim wants to ___ tell ______ stories (讲故事) in the class. write ______ stories (写故事) in 3. Mr. Lin can _____ English. school _____ show (学 4. What can you do in the ______ 校演出)?

5. Please ____ talk ___ to (与……交谈) our

Chinese teacher after class.
6. Mary _____ can’t play chess ___ or play soccer

(也不会).

校庆日到了, 学校将举行一次学校演出, 请 你写一个招聘会表演的学生的通知。 Students Wanted for School Show We want students for the school show. Can you ____________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________


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