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Unit 4 Why don't you talk to your parents重难点


Unit 4 Why don’t you talk to your parents?学案
一.词组
talk to sb.与某人交谈 too many 太多 study too much 学得过多 get enough sleep 有足够的睡眠 have free time 有空闲时间 allow sb to do sth 允许某人做某事 hang out with sb.与某人闲逛 after—school classes 课外活动课 get into a fight with sb.与某人/打架 until midnight 直到半夜 write sb. a letter 给某人写信 call sb up 给某人打电话 surprise sb 令某人惊讶 look through 翻看 be angry with sb.生某人的气 a big deal 重要的事 work out 成功地发展 get on with 和睦相处,关系良好 fight a lot 经常吵架/打架 hang over 笼罩 refuse to do sth。拒绝做某事 offer to do sth 主动提出做某事 so that 以便 mind sb doing sth.介意某人做某事 all the time 一直 in future 今后 make sb. angry 使某人生气 worry about sth.担心某事 copy one’s homework 抄袭某人的作业 be oneself 做自己 family members 家庭成员 spend time alone 独自消磨时光 give sb. pressure 给某人施压 have a fight with sb.与某人吵架 compete with sb.与某人竞争 free time activities 业余活动 get better grades 取得更好的成绩 give one’s opinion 提出某人的观点 learn exam skills 学习应试技巧 practice sports 体育训练 cut out 删除 compare??with??比较;对比 cause stress 造成压力

二.句型
1.I studied until midnight last night so I didn’t get enough sleep. 2.Why don’t you forget about it? 3.Although she’s wrong,it’s not a big deal. 4.He should talk to his friend so that he can say he’s sorry. 5.Maybe you could go to his house. 6.I guess I could,but I don’t want to surprise him.

三.日常交际用语
1.——What’s wrong? ——I’m really tired because I studied until midnight last night. ——Why don’t you go to sleep earlier this evening? 2.——What’s the matter,Peter?—— I had a fight with my best friend. 3.——What should I do? ——Well,you should call him so that you can say you’re sorry. 4.——Thanks for your advice. ——No problem.

Section A
1.辨析 too much 与 too many too much“太多”+不可数名词

too many“太多”+可数名词复数 He drank too much beer yesterday. She talked too much. Too many children are playing on the playground. 【提示】 much too“太??,非常??”+adj./adv ——Why are you so tired these day? 【练习】——Well,I have ______work to do. A.too much B.too many C.much too D.many too 2.allow 允许,许可 allow 常见用法如下: (1)allow sb to do sth. “允许某人做某事” My parents allow me to go out at night. (2)allow doing sth.“允许做某事”+v_ing The library doesn’t allow taking loudly. She doesn’t allow smoking in her house. (3)allow+名词 We can’t allow such a thing. 【练习】The young should be allowed __________(achieve)their dreams on their own. Do you often allow _______until 11:00 p.m.? A.to stay up B.stay up C.staying up D.and stay up 3.work out 产生??效果,进展?? Things worked out quite well for us. 【拓展】 work out “计算出,设法弄明白” He worked out the answer by computing again,but more carefully. You’d better work out a plan to improve your writing skills. Can you work out the problem alone? 【练习】保持句意基本不变 Jessica solved the physics problems without any help. Jessica________ _________the physics problems without any help. 4.get on with?? Mrs Smith gets on well with her neighbors. go on with+sb. “与??相处” +sth “进展”=get doing with?? 表示相处的如何,在 with 前加 well(好)或 badly(差)等修饰词。 Do you get along well with your classmates? How are you getting on with your English study? He is getting along well with his classmates. 【练习】杰克会和同学们相处得很好。 Jack will_________________________his classmates. 5.call sb. up 打电话给某人 She is busy with her homework .Don’t call her up. 【注意】sb.为代词,只能位于中间。 sb.为名词可放在中间,也可放在后面。 【拓展】 打电话给某人的不同表达方式

ring sb up give sb a ring/call 【练习】改为同义句

phone sb

make a phone call to sb

call sb

1)Don’t call up Mary. Don’t ________ _______ _______- _______ ______-Mary. 2)She often calls up her old classmates. She often ______- _________her old classmates. 6.communicate v.交流信息;沟通 I can’t communicate with them at he moment communication n.j 交流 Speech ans writing are men’s most important methods of communication. 【练习】找出能代替句中划线部分的一项。 People choose to keep in touch with their friends by e—mail .The underlined part means______. A.write B.read C.agree D.communicate 7.argue 争吵,争论 argue 作不及物动词,名词形式为 argument,have an argument with sb. “与某人争论” I had an argument with my best friend. argue with sb 与某人争论,其中 argue 有“争辩,争论”的意思,常指根据一定的理由想要 说服他人。 I had an argument with my best friend. Don’t argue with your mother. 如果表示“为某事与某人争辩”时,常用 argue with sb. about sth. They’re always arguing with each other about money. 【辨析】argue 与 discuss argue 着重于自己的看法、立场,提出论证说理,以理说服他人。而 discuss 重在交换意见, 进行讨论,不含说服对方的成分。 There is no need arguing about the matter. We are going to discuss the question. 【练习】I never argue ______-my parents . A.in B.to C.for D.with Do what you were ordered and don’t ________me. A.quarrel B.argue C.argue with D.discuss 8.instead 代替,顶替 【辨析】 instead 与 instead of 单词/短语 instead instead of 词性 副词 意义或用法 指舍去前面的成分而取后面的成分,可单独使用,位于句首或句尾。

介词(短语) 指舍去后面的成分而取前面的成分,不能单独使用

He didn’t answer ;instead ,he asked his father. We eat noodles instead of rice sometimes. 【练习】What a nice day!We should go sightseeing ______watching TV in the hotel. A.because of B.together with C.instead of D..out 9.offer V.提供;提出,建议 (1)offer “提供” ,其后可接双宾语,即 offer sb sth.=offer sth to sb. She offers the old man a cup of tea.=She offers a cup of tea to the old man.

(2)offer 还有“提出,建议”的意思,其后接不定式时表示“主动提出做某事” He offered to lend me some books. 【练习】The little boy _____his seat to an old lady on the crowded bus. A.lent B.offered C.took D.brought 语法要点总结 10.用 could, should 提建议 could 和 should 都是情态动词,后接动词原形。 (1)could 和 should 用于陈述句中的辨析 在陈述句中,could 用来委婉、客气地陈述看法和建议,向对方提供一个选择的内容, “可 以,不妨” ,should 表示义务和责任,说话者语气较肯定,指按照常理该怎么样, “应该” We could write a letter to the headmaster.我们不妨给校长写封信。 We should write a letter to the headmaster.沃恩应该给校长写封信。 (2)could 和 should 用语疑问句中的用法 1)在疑问句中,could 用于以委婉语气向别人提出要求、建议或劝告,此时 could 不表示 过去,肯定回答用 can 或 sure,否定回答用 can’t 或 sorry. ——Could I have a cup of tea?——Yes,you can./Sure. 2)在疑问句中,should 只用于主语为第一人称的时候,表示征询意见或建议,语气比 could 委婉。 ——Should I open the window? ——OK. 【练习】用 should 或 could 填空 (1)——_______I take the books out of the room? ——No,you can’t. (2)You________speak English in English class. (3)_______you please help me with my Chinese? (4)If you go out at night,you_______tell your parents. (5)I’m not sure if you _______tell her the news. 一.根据下列句子及所给汉语注释,写出空格处各单词的正确形式,每空一词。 1.He borrowed my iPhone 4 and hasn’t __________(归还)it to me. 2.I _________(真正地)like Jackie Chan’s movie. 3.Parents should ___________(交流)with their children. 4.Don’t _________(浪费)water,The southwest part in China is lack of water . 5.We should _______- __________(相处)well with others. 二.根据汉语句子完成英语句子。 6.如果你下次来上海,记得给我打电话。 If you come to Shanghai next time,remember to______- _______- _______. 7.琳达和她的新同学相处得很好。 Linda is _______ ________ _______-- _______her new classmates. 8.浪费太多时间在电脑上是不对的。 It’s not right to_______ ________- _________time on computer. 9.为什么不让孩子们再睡会儿? ______- _______let the children ________a little longer? 10.他们呢想更好地与他们的孩子们交流。 They ______to_______ ______- _______-their kids.

三.单选 1. It’s not polite ________with others. A.to argue B.argues C.argued D.argue 2. Don’t eat _______food in the evening.It’s bad ________you. A.too much,with B.much too,for C.too much ,for D.much,with 3. It’s raining now.I would like to watch TV at home ________playing soccer outside. A.instead B.instead of C.because of D.afraid of 4.I used to _______when my parents were out,for I was afraid of being alone. A.call up them B.calling up them C.call them D.calling them up 5. Don’t worry!I’m sure you’ll _______your classmates if you kind and friendly to them. A.catch up with B.get on well with C.agree with D.be strict with

Section B
1.compete 比赛 They competed in a race. compete with against sb for sth 为得到某物与某人竞争 He competed against his best friend for the first prize. 【练习】完成句子 梁博在“中国好声音”中获得冠军。 Liang Bo was_________ __________of the Voice of China. 2.And they are always comparing them with other children. compare v. “比较,和??相比” Compare the two books ans you’ll find which one is better. 常与介词 with 连用表示同类事物的具体比较。 He never compares himself with others. 【拓展】 compare??to?? “把??比作??” , Life is compared to voyage. People often compare the life to a stage. 【练习】My handwriting can not be compared ______father ’s. A.to B.with C.on D.for 3.??competition starts very young and continues until the kids get older?? continue 为动词, “继续” (1)continue 作及物动词, “继续(做某事) ”+名词、代词、不定式、动名词 The meeting will be continued after a break. The young man continued his study after his father died. The rain continued falling /to fall all afternoon. (2)continue 作不及物动词, “继续(下去) ,延续” They continues on for two kilometers. (3)continue 用在直接引语后,表示“接着说” “I like your country very much,”he continued. 【练习】Although we are tired ,we________work. A.continues B.continue to C.continuing D.continued 4.cut out 剪裁,删去

She is cutting out a coat. You must cut out important details. 【练习】He decided to cut_______smoking. A.up B.on C.out D.in 5.cause 的用法 (1)cause 用作动词, “使产生,使发生” A burning cigarette caused the fire. What caused his illness? (2)cause 有可用作名词, “原因,起因” The dog was the cause of the accident. 【练习】翻译句子 许多车祸都是因为开车不小心造成的。______________________________ 语法要点总结 6.not??until?? until “直到??” ,until 和 till 通常可以互换,但要注意的是 till 一般只用于句中,而 until 既可放在句首,也可放在句末。 The noise of the street didn’t stop unit midnight. He lived with his parents until he graduated from college. It was not until today that is was made public. 【练习】I will wait ________-I hear from you. A.until B.since C.while D.because 7.although 虽然 【辨析】 although 与 though (1)作为连词 although 和 though 通常可以互换使用。 Although/Though she smiled,she was angry. (2)although 常放在从句的开头,而 though 可以出现在其他位置,当用来连接词语或短语时 更为常用。 (3)以下情况只能用 though 1)与 even 连用是用 though 表示强调,这里的 even though=although, “即使??也??” Even if/though we could afford it,we wouldn’t go abroad for our vacation. 2)当让步状语从句指某种假设情况时,通常用 though,而不用 although Though all the world world were against me,I should still hold to my opinion. 3)though 可以独立用在副词,长放在句末, “还是,仍然” It’ hard work.I enjoy,though. Though 引导让步状语从句时,可以倒装,而 although 引导的从句则不能。 Bravely though they fought,they had to change of winning. 【拓展】although 和 though 在句中 but 连用,但可与副词 yet 连用。即句子中用了 although 或 though 就不能再使用 but 了。 Although it was so cold,he went out without an overcoat. 【练习】——The boy can speak both English and Japanese _______he is only ten. ——Wow,what a clever boy! A.but B.because C.if D.although _______--they may not succeed ,they will try their best. A.Though B.When C.Because D.Unless

8.so that 的用法 so that 是从属连词,引导目的或结果状语从句。 (1)so that 引导目的状语从句, “一遍, 为了” , 从句的谓语前通常带有 may,can,might,could 等情态动词(might,could 用于过去时态) They asked the driver to stop so that they could have a look at the tiger. He worked hard so that he might finish his work in time. I’m going to the cinema early so that I may get a good seat. (2)so that 引导结果状语从句, “以至于, 结果” , 从句中一般不含情态动词 (也可用 can ,could) Nothing more was heard about him ,so that people thought he was dead. He was tired,so that he couldn’t keep his eyes open. 【练习】You’d better take the map with you_______you won’t get lost. A.as long as B.as soon as C.now that D.so that 一.用所给单词的适当形式填空。 1.The (compete)_________is coming next weel. 2.Don’t _________(compare)yourself with others because everyone is special(特别的) 。 3.Some famous after—school clubs have many ________(organize)activities every year. 4.My cousin has_______(nice)clothes than I do. 5.His ________(successful)made his father very happy. 二.完成句子。 6.史密斯先生说话很慢,为了让学生们听清楚。 Mr Smith speaks slowly________ ________his students can hear clearly. 7.比较西安与成都,你会发现它们在某些方面相似。 _______Xi’an________-Chengdu,you will find the same______ _____ ______. 8.直到算出了那道题她才离开学校。 She _______leave school _____-she ______- _______-the problem. 9.他玩了一下午而没做作业。 He played the whole afternoon _______ _______doing homework. 10.玛丽赢得了昨天歌咏比赛的一等奖。 Mary ________first prize in_____- ________- _________. 三.单项选择 1._________-Uncle Li is old,_________he is still at work. A.Although,but B.Although,/ C./ ,/ D./;so 2.Though it was very late at night,the young man______. A.continued to study B.continued studying C.stopped studying D.stopped to study 3.Please speak aloud ______everyone can hear what you are saying. A.such that B.so that C.so to D.so as to 4.Usually,we don’t know how important something is _______we love it. A.or B.until C.so D.as soon as 5.Last night the boy watched football and didn’t go to bed_______twelve o’clock. A.when B.until C.as D.while


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