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Book 6 Unit 2 Useful words and expressions_图文

Useful words and expressions

Useful phrases
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. convey certain emotions 传达某些情感 make sense 有意义, 言之有理 着火 on fire 轻松;不紧张;从容 take it easy run out of 用完… make up of 由 ... 构成, 由 ... 组成 be popular with 受…欢迎, 受…喜爱 in particular 尤其;特别 of one’s own 某人自己的

Language Points
1. Others try to convey certain emotions. convey v. 表达;传达;运送
I can’t convey how grateful I feel. I found it hard to convey my feelings in words. Please convey my best wishes to Mr. Li. A bus conveys the passengers from the train to the hotel.

convey sth. to sb.
把……传达给 ……;把(土地、财产等) 转让给…… convey sth. from ... to ... 把……从……传送/运送到……

[小试身手] 1) I tried to ______ D in my speech we were all grateful for his help. A. speak B. tell C. express D. convey 2) 这火车既运送乘客也运输货物。 This train conveys both passengers and goods. 3)言语无法表达我当时是多么高兴。 Words can't convey how delighted I was.

bring, carry, take, fetch, get, convey, transport这 些动词均有“带、拿、取”之意。 bring: 指从某处把人或物带到或拿到说话者所在 的地点,强调方向,不着重方式。

carry: 指把物品从一个地方带到另一个地方,不
涉及方向,只强调方式。 take: 指从说话人或说话人心目中所在处把某人或 某物带离开,带到离说话者有一定距离的地 方,与bring的方向正相反,侧重方向,不

着重方式。

fetch: 指一往一返,相当于go and bring,去

取了东西或带人再返回到出发处。
get: 口语用词,与fetch基本同义,语气随便。 convey: 指通过中间人传递信息,或以某种方 式把人或物送到目的地。 transport: 指使用车辆或机械设备把人或货物 从一处运载到另一处。

2. The language is concrete but imaginative, and they delight small children … concrete adj. 具体的,实在的;水泥的 n. 混领土 Have you any concrete thoughts on how to deal with this difficulty? His plan is not yet concrete. That new concrete building is our office. This post is made of concrete.

[小试身手]

1) 鞋和树是实物。

Shoes and trees are concrete objects.
2) 你有没有具体的建议呢?

Have you got any concrete proposals?

concrete, specific 这两个形容词均含“具 体的”之意。

concrete: 指通过指通过感官能看到、听
到、触到的具体东西。其反义词是 abstract。 specific: 侧重指具体的细节,是与general (一般的)、vague (模糊的) 相对的 具体。

delight 在句子中作动词,意思是“ (使)高 兴,(使)欣喜”。 He delighted the audience with his performance. She delights in her work / watching TV. delight 作名词意思是“高兴,快乐” She clapped her hands in delight. He takes great delight in painting. To our delight, our football team won.

to one's delight 让某人高兴的是 take delight in sth. / doing sth. 以做某事为 乐 with delight 高兴地 delightful adj. 令人愉快的,讨人喜欢的 delighted adj. 高兴的, 快乐的

[小试身手] takes delight in 1) He _________________ proving others wrong. 他以证实别人错了为一大乐事。 To our great delight 2 )_______________________, the day turned out fine. 使我们感到非常高兴的 是天转晴了。
3) I ______________ was delighted that you could stay. 你能留下来我很高兴。 with delight 他们都高 4) All of them laugh __________. 兴得笑了。

[小试身手] ______ was that the young player performed extremely well in the table tennis tournament. (delight)
令球迷欣喜的是,那位年轻的球员在乒 乓球锦标赛中表现得极为出色。

【答案】What delighted the fans / made the fans delighted

3. List poems have a flexible line length and repeated phrases which give both a pattern and a rhythm to the poem. flexible adj. 灵活的;可弯曲的;柔顺的 Dancers need to be flexible. We need a foreign policy that is more flexible. The tube is flexible but tough. She has a flexible character.

[小试身手] Mothers holding jobs outside the home should have _______ schedules to make it easier to care for their children. (2010山东) A. heavy B. smooth C. flexible D. complex 答案:C 解析:句意应为“在外工作的母亲们应该 有灵活的时间以便照看孩子们” 。表示 “灵活的”用flexible 。heavy 表示“沉重 的”, smooth表示“光滑的滑顺的”, complex表示“复杂的难懂的”。

pattern n. 模式,式样,图案,典型

v. 模仿
Please cut out my overcoat according to this pattern. I don’t like the pattern on the curtain. This hospital is a pattern of what a good hospital should be.

[小试身手] 1) She wore a dress with a pattern of roses on it. 她穿了一件有玫瑰图案的礼服。 2) The company set a pattern for others to follow. 这家公司为其他公司树立了典范。 3) He patterned himself upon a man he admired. 他模仿他崇拜的那个人。

4. If we hadn’t taken it easy, if为hadn’t run out of energy. take it easy 轻松;不紧张;从容 There’s nothing serious; take it easy. I hope you learn to take it easy and not get angry at everyone. Take it easy. We'll take care of everything. take your time 从容做,不慌不忙 It is better to take your time at this job than to hurry and make mistakes.

[小试身手]
1) 大夫让我别紧张,不要干得这么辛苦。 The doctor told me to take things easy and stop working so hard. 2) 不急,慢慢来。 There's no hurry; take your time.

run out of = use up 用完;耗尽 We are running out of fuel.

We’re running out of our time.
run out of 还可意为“从…跑出” He was lucky enough to run out of the building when the earthquake happened.

run out & run out of
这两个短语都有“用完”的意思,但用 法不同。run out是不及物短语,表示 “被用完;被耗尽;(人)把东西用完 (或花光)”,其主语通常是时间、金 钱、食物等无生命名;而run out of则是 及物短语,表示主动,主语只能是人 。

The petrol is running out.
= We are running out of petrol.

Complete the sentences with run out or run out of.
had run out (已经吃完) 1.Food supplies _____________ by the end of their last trip.

run out of 2. What if you were to _____________ (花完) money? What would you do?
running out of (消耗尽) oil and 3. They are _____________ the plane has to land on the field. hadn’t run out of (没有用完) sugar, I 4. If we _______________ wouldn’t have gone to the shops.

5. … a poem made up of five lines.

make up of 由 ... 构成,由 ... 组成 The Third World is made up of the developing countries. A cake is usually made up of sugar, eggs and flour. The United Kingdom is made up of Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland.

consist of 、make up of 、 compose of都可 意为“由……构成”,区别在于:consist of 不可用被动语态,而make up of和 compose of 可以用被动语态。例如:

The house consists of 6 rooms.
The medical team is made up of three doctors and a nurse. The book is composed of 25 units.

6. Teasing, shouting, laughing tease vt. 取笑,招惹,戏弄

n. 爱开玩笑的人,爱戏弄别人的人
At school the other children always teased me because I was fat. They teased her about her laziness. He’s a terrible tease.

[小试身手]
1) 她总是戏弄别人。她真是爱捉弄人! She is always laughing at others. What a tease she is! 2) 虽然你的同桌有点胖,你也不准嘲笑 她。 Although your deskmate is a little fat, you must not tease her.

7. Transformed into stone transform vt. 改变, 变化;转换 Success and wealth transformed his character. His plans were transformed overnight into reality. The magician transformed the frog into a princess. We should try to transform heat into power.

change, vary, transform, turn这些动词均含 有“变化,改变”之意。 change: 指任何变化,完全改变,强调与原先 的情况有明显的不同。 vary: 暗示不规则或断断续续地变。 transform: 指人或物在形状、外观、形式、 性质等方面发生的彻底变化,失去原状成 为全新的东西。 turn: 指外形、颜色、气味、性质等方面的变 化,比change更通俗。

Look at the two meanings for each word below. Choose the meaning that was used in the reading passage. Then make up a sentence with the word having the same meaning.
flexible A: something that can bend or be bent easily B: person, plan etc that can change according to the situation A: to make jokes and laugh at someone in order to have fun B: to deliberately make an animal angry

tease

endless

branch

concrete

A: very large amount or number B: something that seems to last forever A: a part of a tree that grows from the stem B: part of an organization A: definite and specific B: something used for building that is made by mixing sand, very small cement and water

Example sentences
1. flexible Our plan is quite flexible. 2. tease Don't take it seriously - he's only teasing. 3. endless The journey seemed endless. 4. branch She reached up and picked a pear off a branch. 5. concrete His plan is not yet concrete.

I. Write the correct words.
1. This poem doesn’t _________ rhyme (押韵), which makes it difficult to recite. 2. It’s very important for us to master sentence _______ patterns(句型). 3. The singer was deeply touched by the _________ warmth (热情) of the welcome she received. minimum 4. You must practice each day for a ________ (最低限度) of 30 minutes.

5. Most parents are willing to take their children to the ___________ (托儿所) nursery where children are taken good care of. 6. Color is an important aspect a_________ to consider when choosing curtains. 7. The book is popular with children, and has been t__________ translated into five languages.

8. Don't take it seriously - he's only t_____. teasing 9. Can you r___________ the poem we recite learned yesterday afternoon without referring to the textbook? 10. These buildings are made of c________ concrete and steel.

II. Fill in each blank with the correct form of the word.
dread end emotion translate repetition warm

1. Besides practical knowledge, a teacher is ready to provide his or her pupils with ________ support. emotional

dread end

emotion translate

repetition warm

2. Please repeat _____ what you are required

to do. I want you to know for sure
before I take my leave.

3. Everyone would have screamed if
they had noticed a snake crawling in. What a ________ dreadful scene!

dread emotion repetition end translate warm 4. I always enjoyed my English
lessons at college, for I could sense the encouragement from the teacher as well as the warmth _______which was conveyed by her words.

dread end

emotion translate

repetition warm

5. I think her translation _________of the article is much better than his. 6. Her ______ endless patience made her the best nurse in the hospital.

III. Complete the article with words or phrases in their correct forms.
express mean differ from unrelated due to be aware of
A poem can mean very different things to different readers, and all of these meanings may be different from what the author thought he ______. meant For instance, the author may have been writing about a personal experience he thought quite ________ unrelated to anything outside; yet for the reader the poem may expression of a general situation, or become the _________ connect to some private experiences of his own.

express mean

differ from unrelated

due to be aware of

A reader’s interpretation may __________ differ from the author’s, yet be equally convincing, or even

better. A poem may contain much more than
the author ____________. was aware of Different interpretations of one poem are often _______ due to the fact that poems mean much more than the ordinary things we say.

IV. Complete the sentences.
1. He was walking down the street when he saw a house _________ on fire (着火). day by day (一天 2. She is getting better _________ 天) under her daughter’s care. 3. It doesn’t ________________ make (any) sense (有意义) to pretend that you can when you can’t. 4. The news that he had been admitted to his parents(使 a key university delighted _________________ 他父母很高兴).

5. You’d better ____________ make a list of (列一张表) what you want to buy before you go shopping. 6. Don’t believe that. The whole story ____________ was made up (编造) by him. in particular (特别 ) 7. Is there anything ___________ you’d like for dinner?

Homework
1. Recite three of the eight poems in reading text and try to write a cinquain poem and a clerihew. 2. Finish Exercises 1-4 on Pages 49-50. 3. Review the text and find out the difficult sentences to you. Pay attention to the Subjunctive Mood.

Translate the following sentences into Chinese.

Beacon fires join three months. Family letters worth ten thousand metal.
(Du Fu)

烽火连三月,家书抵万金。 《春望》杜甫
Night come wind rain sound. Flower fall know how many. (Meng Haoran)

夜来风雨声,花落知多少。 《春晓》孟浩然

This here have clear meaning. Wish argue already neglect speech.
(Tao Qian)

此中有真意,欲辩已忘言。 《饮酒》陶潜 Sun and moon take their course, As if risen from the sea.
(Cao Cao)

日月之行,若出其中。 《观沧海》曹操

You can enjoy a grander sight by climbing to a greater height.
欲穷千里目,更上一层楼。

----王之焕 The west is veiled in rain, the east enjoys sunshine. My gallant is as deep in love as day is fine.
东边日出西边雨,道是无情却有情。 All good things come to an end.

天下没有不散的筵席。

Deeply I sign for faded flower’s falling in vain. Vaguely I seem to know the swallow comes again. 无可奈何花落去, 似曾相识燕归来。