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有关汉字知识在古代汉语词汇教学中的重要意义的探析 中英文对照


有关汉字知识在古代汉语词汇教学中的重要意义的探析 中英文对照 Relevant knowledge of Chinese characters in the ancient Chinese vocabulary teaching significance analysis of Chinese and English language compared 汉字是一种以象形为基础而发展起来的表意兼标音的文字,其字形与词义之间的关系 十分密切, 二者间有着异常重要的关联, 所以常常可以通过分析字形来达到探求词义的目的。 由于汉字字形与词义之间的密切关联, 就为我们透过字形探求词义创造了方便的条件。 我们 试从以下几方面加以探析: Chinese characters is a kind of developed on the basis of pictographic and ideographic and the sound of words, the font style and word meaning is in close relationship between the unusually important link between them, and so often can achieve the purpose of exploring the meaning by analysis glyph. Due to the close connection between Chinese character font style and word meaning, through glyph to search for the meaning for us to create a convenient conditions. We try to analysis from the following several aspects: 一、可以利用汉字的表意特点,通过分析字形来探求词义内部的脉络关系。 A, can use ideographic characteristics of Chinese characters, through the analysis glyph to explore meaning of internal thread of the relationship. 表意文字的最大特点是尚形,要求以形表义,形、义结合。由于汉字的字形与词义之 间的关系十分密切, 二者间的结合有着异常密切的关联, 所以常常可以通过分析字形来探求 词义,并分析其词义特点。 Ideogram is the biggest characteristic of form, requirements in table form, shape, righteousness. Due to close relationship between Chinese characters font style and word meaning, the combination has unusually close relation between them, and through the analysis glyph to explore the meaning, so you can often and analysis the features of meaning. 1.利用字形构造讲清词的本义。刃(古字形为“刃” ) ,刀上加一符号,表示刀

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