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广东高考英语语法填空练习50篇(附解答)


广东高考英语语法填空练习 50 篇(附解答)
语法填空讲练第 1 篇 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并 将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31――40 的相应位置上。 词数: 166 完成时间:8 难度:*** 分钟 According to a recent survey, violence did exist in schools. Students showed their fear and parents and teachers also expressed their great concern about it. Experts hope the whole society pay more attention to the mental health of adolescents. Nowadays, school violence is phenomenon, effort 33 32 31 hot issue. I think this is a

violence, for it will result in

39 (much) fighting. I will tell my

teachers or parents about it. I think they will help me deal with it well and they will protect me from the bad guys. All in all, every student should behave away from violence. 答案: 文章向我们介绍了作者对校园暴力的看法。 31.a 这里需要一个不定冠词表示某个的意思。 32.这里要用 which 引导一个非限制性定语从句,因为先行词为 物,所以要用 which。 33.to prevent 不定式作目的状语。 34.if/as long as 人身安全得不到保障是辍学的条件,所以应该 用引导连接条件状语从句的连词。 35.be guaranteed 所给动词和其逻辑主语是动宾关系,所以要用 被动语态。 36.be learned 事实上;暴力是可以学的。 37.what 引导一个宾语从句,并且在从句中作宾语,所以要用 38 40 (he) and keep

calls for our great concern. We should try every

(prevent) violence happening at school for more and 34 their personal safety 36 (learn). 37 they see

more students would drop out of school could not 35

(guarantee). In fact, violence can

Children learn violent behavior from adults or from on television or on the Internet.

If I meet with school violence, I will not answer violence

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what。 38.with 表示方式,意思是“用”。 39.more 由语境可知,以暴力对付暴力,只能产生更多的暴力。 40.himself behave oneself 表现良好,行为良好。 语法填空讲练第 2 篇 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并 将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31――40 的相应位置上。 词数: 162 完成时间:8 难度:*** 分钟 35

Then one year, agricultural catastrophe struck Michigan in form of Dutch elm disease. All of the elms lining the road leading 36 died. Everyone thought that the 37 (go)

to the farm became infected

old elm would be the next. The farm owners considered

the safe thing: pulling it out and chopping it up into firewood before it died. 38 39 40 (amazing), the tree did not die. Nobody could understand

it was the only elm still standing in the county. It' s said that doesn' t kill you will make you stronger. Or, as a plant

pathologists (病理学家 ) put it , "Life breaks us all, but afterwards, In the 1950s, a family that owned a farm near Beulah, Michigan kept a bull chained to an elm (榆树). The bull paced 31 the tree, many of us are strongest at the broken places." 答案: 这是一篇夹叙夹议的文章。文章通过叙述一棵老榆树大难不死 的故事告诉我们这样一个道理:经历疼痛才能变得坚强,才能抵挡 住更大的困难甚至是灾难。 31.around 下文告诉我们,树皮被铁链磨出了一个槽。由此可以 看出,这是由牛绕着树来回踱步造成的。

dragging the heavy iron chain, which led to a groove (槽) in the bark (树皮). The groove 32 (deep) over the years. Though for whatever reason, it did not kill the tree. 33 some years, the family took their bull away. They cut the chain, leaving the loop around the tree and one link 34 (hang down).

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32.was deepened 随着岁月的流逝,磨出来的槽逐渐被加深了。

approaching the store there

31

a man in the front of the store. He

所以要用被动,另外,由于动作发生在过去,所以动词要用过去式。 looked at me and said really loud "Hi." 33.After after+时间段,表示经过一段时间之后。 34.hanging down hang down 和其逻辑主语 one link 是主谓关系, 所以用现在分词表示主动,构成 leave+宾语+现在分词。 35.the in the form of 固定用法,意思是:以……的形式。 36.and 榆树受到感染,继而死去。 37.going consider 后跟动名词作宾语。 38. Amazingly 副词作状语,修饰整个句子。 I replied, "Hi, how are you?" He said "I am fine." and then he looked at me as if he recognized me and asked, " mother?" Of course, I didn't know what to say to that question my mother had been 34 33 32 is your

(die) for several years. I found this really

strange so I finally said, "She is fine, thank you and how are you?" He also said he was fine. I then answered, "Good. Can I do to help you at all?" All he said 37 36 I really could use a hug. I 35

39.why 谁都不理解为什么只有这棵榆树依然耸立在那里。 40.what 引导一个主语从句,并在从句中作主语,所以用 what。

(hug) him for a while this poor soul and a stranger. I said, "Where a ride?" He said, "No, I have my bike. I

are you staying? Do you 38 语法填空讲练 第 3 篇 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并 将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31――40 的相应位置上。 词数: 213 完成时间:8 难度:** 分钟 I was going to the store one cold evening and as I was

am living at the Church down the street." I answered, "Let me give you something. It's not much, but that is all I 39 afford." So I took out

$10 from my purse and gave it to him then went home. To tell you the truth, I always feel helping others 答案: 40 really great.

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31.Was.此处是 there be 句型,时态为过去式,另外句子主语为单 数形式。 32.How.根据下文的内容,这里是问“你妈妈好吗?”。 33.because.从此处的逻辑关系和意义看,从句部分表示原因。 34.dead.此处用 die 的形容词形式,用作表语。 35.anything.该词用在疑问和否定句中,意为“我能帮你做点什么 吗?”。 36.was.句子主语 all he said 为单数。 37.hugged.这里的时态为过去时形式。 38.need.该句的意思为“你需要坐车吗?”。 39.can.afford 常和情态动词连用。 40.is.主语是 helping others,分词作主语按单数处理,这里的时 态为一般现在时。 语法填空讲练第 4 篇 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并 将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31――40 的相应位置上。 词数: 完成时间:8 难度:**

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分钟 No one knows what would happen in the future for sure. 31

we often think of the future and wonder what the world would be like 32 a hundred years' time. Think of space. Perhaps 33 permanent station on the moon

will have been set up. Perhaps people will be able to visit the moon 34 35 tourists. Cheap rockets for space travel will have been developed, (permit) long journeys throughout the solar system. 36 that

time comes, people will be taking holidays in space

37 visiting

other planets, such as the Mars Colony and the Venus Exploration Outpost. Scientists of the future will almost certainly find other ways to make life last 38 (long). 39 probably will find cures for

most diseases. Hospitals will probably have "body banks" that can give you almost any new part you need to keep on 40 (live). People of

the future may live to be a lot older than 100 years. 答案:

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31.But.本句与上一句是转折关系,故用转折连词 but。 32.in. 表示将来多长时间之后时用“介词 in+一段时间名词”结构。 33.a. station 是可数名词且表示泛指,前面应有不定冠词 a。 34.as. as 表示“作为”,符合题意。 35.permitting. cheap rockets 与 permit 之间是主动关系,应用现 在分词短语作状语表示伴随情况。

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分钟 Although most people believe that formal schooling is required for

scientific success, a college degree is not always necessary. excellent example of a man who won fame as a scientist 32

31

academic(学术的) training is Vincent J. Schaefer. His formal education ended 33 two years of high school when he had to go to work in 34 his inventive

36.When. 此处表示将来的时间,应用 when 引导时间状语从句。 an untrained job at General Electric. Because 37.and. 因两个动作表示并列关系,应用并列连词 and 连接。 38.longer.由意义可知,此处表示找到延长人类寿命的方式,故 long 应用比较级形式。 39.They. they 用来指代上句中主语 scientists。 40.living. keep on doing sth.意为“继续……”,故此处应用 live 的现在分词形式。

mind and his skill as a model maker, he was soon allowed to try his own experiments in the company laboratory. His natural 35

(curious) made him wonder about clouds. He developed, after many tries, a method of making clouds rain do so. This method, to farmers, and 39 36 they would not normally 38 (help)

37 (call) seeding, has been very made him win much fame. 40

Schaefer believes that for people 语法填空讲练第 5 篇 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并 将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31――40 的相应位置上。 词数: 完成时间:8 难度:**

most of all, are interested

in the world and everything in it, a college degree is unnecessary. 答案: 31.An. 因 excellent 以元音音素开头,应用不定冠词 an。

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32.without.without 和名词连用表示某种状况,意为“没有”。 33.after. 表示过去的一段时间之后应和介词 after 连用。 34.of.

remember tearing across town

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my bike to visit her on the day

my big sister dropped the bomb. "There is no Santa Claus." she laughed. 32 (flee) to Grandma 33

because of 是复合介词,意为“因为”,后接名词或代词。 “Even dummies(傻瓜) know that!" I

35. curiosity.此处须用名词作主语, curious 的名词形式是 curiosity。 I knew she would be straight with me. She always told the truth. 36.when. 此处表示时间,应用 when 引导时间状语从句。 37.called. this method 与 call 存在被动关系,应用过去分词作定 语。 38.helpful. very 后应接 help 的形容词 helpful“有益的”。 39.it. it 此处指前一分句的整个情况。 40.who. who 用来引导定语从句,在从句中作主语,先行词是 people。 语法填空讲练第 6 篇 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并 将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31――40 的相应位置上。 词 数 197 完成时 间 9分 钟 难 度 *** "No Santa Claus?" she said. "Ridiculous! Don't your coat, and let's go." "Go where, Grandma?" I asked. As we walked through the doors of the general store Grandma handed me ten dollars and said, "Buy something for someone needs it. I'll wait for you in the car." I was only eight years old. Never had I shopped for anything all by myself. For a few moments I just stood there, what to buy, and who 37 36 (wonder) 35 34 . Put on

(buy) it for. I thought of everybody I

knew. Then I thought about Bobbie Decker. He was my classmate with bad breath and 38 (mess) hair,

and he sat right behind me. He didn't have a coat. I knew that because he never went out to play games during the winter. I fingered 39

I remember my first Christmas adventure with Grandma. I

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bill with growing 答案:

40 (excite). I would buy Bobbie a coat.

为不可数名词。

本文主要讲述的是“我”与爷爷一起经历一次难忘的圣诞节。 31.On on one’s/the/a bike=by bike。

2010 年广东高考英语语法填空练习 40 篇 、

32.fled 结合全文可知此处应使用一般过去时,注意其不规则的 形式。本题稍难。 33.because/as ·

因为相信爷爷会对我说真话,所以立马跑到他 那儿去求证。本题稍难。

34.it/that 35.who/that

指代“There is no Santa Claus.”。 判断分析句子结构可知,此处为 who/that 引导 的定语从句修饰 someone。

36.wondering

根据前面的逗号,可知应该使用动词的—lng 形 式作伴随状语,表示主动含义。

37.To buy 与.What to buy 构成并列平行结构。本题稍难。 38.messy 39.the 40.excitement 修饰名词 hair 当然用形容词 messy。 特指上文爷爷给的“ten dollars”。 作介词 with 的宾语,要用名词,但注意 excitement

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(1)
When you are in England you must be very careful in the streets on the left. Before you cross a street you must look to the right first morning and in the evening when people go to or come from Traffic is most 4 (danger) then. 5 . always remember the 7 3 2 1 the traffic drives then the left. In the

(3) People 1_________ (live) in different countries made different kinds of words. Today there are about fifteen hundred 2_________ in the world. Each contains many thousands of words. A very large dictionary, for example, contains four 3_________ five hundred thousand words. But we do not need 4_________ these. To read short stories you need to know only about two thousand words. 5_________ you leave school, you will learn only one thousand or more. The words you know are called your vocabulary. You should try to make your vocabulary 6__________ (big) . Read as many books as we can. There are a lot of books 7__________ (write) 8 two floors. Your can sit on the 9 in easy English. You will enjoy them. When you meet 8_________ new word, look it 9_________ in your dictionary. Your dictionary is your 10__________ (much) useful book. (4) When you are in England you must be very careful in the streets 1_________ the traffic drives on the left. Before you cross a street you must look to the right first 2__________ then the left. In the morning and in the evening when people go to or come from 3__________, the streets are very busy. Traffic is most 4________ (danger) then.When you go by bus in England, you have to be careful, 5_________. Always remember the traffic moves on the left. So you must be careful. 6_________ (have) a look first, or you will go 7_________ wrong way. In many English cities, there are big buses 8_________ two floors. You can sit on the 9_________ (two) floor. From 10_________ you can see the city very well. It’s very interesting. (5) 1________ artist had a small daughter. Sometimes he painted women 2_________ any clothes on, and he and his 3________ always tried to keep the small girl out 4_________ he was doing this, “She is 5_________ young to understand,” they said.

, the streets are very busy.

When you go by bus in England, you have to be careful, traffic moves on the left. So you must be careful. wrong way. In many English cities, there are big buses (tow) floor, from 10 (2) 6

Have a look first, or you will go

you can see the city very well. It’s very interesting.

Finishing their shopping at the supermarket, a middle-aged couple found their new car 1__________ (steal). They filed a report 2__________the police station and a detective drove them back 3___________ the parking lot to look for evidence. To their 4___________ (amaze), the car had been returned 5__________ there was a note in it that said: “I apologize for taking your car. My wife was having a baby and I had to send her to the 6____________ as soon as possible. Please forget the inconvenience. There are two tickets 7___________ tonight's Rowan Atkinson concert.” Their faith in humanity restored (恢复) . The couple attended 8_________ concert. But when they returned home, they immediately found that their house 9___________ (be) ransacked (洗劫). On the bathroom mirror was 10__________ note: “I have to put my kid through college somehow, don't I?”

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But one day, when the artist 6_________ (paint) a woman with no clothes on, he forgot to lock the door, and the girl suddenly ran into the room. Her mother ran up the stairs 7________ her, but when she got to the room, the little girl was already in the room and looking at the woman. 8________ her parents waited for her to speak. For a few seconds the little girl said 9_________, but then she ran to her mother and said 10________ (angry), “Why do you let her go about without shoes and socks on when you don’t let me?” (6) Most Americans don’t like to get advice 1___________members of their family. They get advice from “2__________ (strange)”. When they need advice, they don’t usually go to people they know. 3__________ many of them write letters to newspapers and magazines 4_________ give advice on many different subjects, 5__________ (include) family problems, the use of language, health, cooking, child care, clothes, and even on how 6__________ (buy) a house or a car. Most newspapers regularly print letters from 7___________ (read) with problems. Along with the letters 8___________ are answers written by people who are supposed to know how to solve such problems. Some of these writers are doctors, 9__________ are lawyers or educators. But two of the most famous writers of advice are women without special 10_________(train) for this kind of work.

the country’s economy. 5__________ is important to think about the people of a destination country and 6__________tourism affects them. Tourism should help 7_________ country keep the customs and beauty that attracts tourists. Tourism should also advance the wealth and 8_________(happy)of local inhabitants. Too much tourism can be a problem. If tourism 9__________ (grow) too quickly, people must leave other jobs to work 10__________ the tourism industry. This means that other parts of the country’s economy can suffer.

(8)
London was awarded 1_________ 2012 Olympic Games on Wednesday, 2__________ (defeat) European rival Paris in the final round of voting to take the games back to British capital 3__________ the first time since 1948. 4_________ Moscow, New York and Madrid were eliminated (淘汰) in the first three rounds London beat Paris 54—50 on the fourth ballot(投票表决) of the IOC. In London crowds cheered and waved flags as 5_________ watched the announcement from Singapore 6_________ a giant screen in Trafalgar Square and in the east London area 7________ the main Olympic complex (建筑群) will be based. Blair spent two days in lobbying (游说) in Singapore 8_________ leaving to host the G8 summit (8 国峰会) in Scotland. “My promise to you is we will be your very 9_________ (good)

(7) Without proper planning, tourism can cause 1_________. For example, too many tourists can crowd public places 2__________ are also enjoyed by the inhabitants(居民) of a country. If tourism creates too much traffic, the inhabitants will become 3__________ (annoy) and unhappy. They begin to dislike tourists 4_________ to treat them impolitely. They forget how much tourism can help

partners,” Blair said. It’s the fourth bid (申办) from Britain after 10_________ (fail) attempts by Birmingham for the 1992 Olympics and Manchester for the 1996 and 2000. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m (9)

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Why is setting goals so 1___________? Because goals can help you do, be, 2___________ experience everything you want in life. Instead 3_________ just letting life happen to you, goals allow 4___________ to make your life happen. 5__________ (success) and happy people have set lots of goals to help them reach their aims. By setting goals you are taking control of your life. It’s 6_________ having a map to show you 7_________ you want to go. Winners in life set goals and follow through with them. Winners decide 8__________they want in life and then get there by making plans and setting goals. Unsuccessful people just let life happen by accident. Goals aren’t difficult to set, and 9__________aren’t difficult to reach. It is up to you to find out what your goals really are. You are 10_________one who must decide what to do and in what direction to aim your life.

and visiting 6_________ planets. Great progress will have been made 7__________ medicine, too. Pollution will have been controlled in a hundred years’ time. All the world will have been developed—even Antarctica. We will have used 8__________ most of the earth’s land to build our cities, 9___________ floating cities will have been built. The Japanese have already plans of this kind. And there will be cities 10__________ the sea.

(10) We often think of future. We often wonder 1__________the world will be like in a hundred years’ time. Think of 2__________ space. Perhaps a permanent station on the 3__________will have been set up. Perhaps people will be able to visit the moon as 4__________. Cheap rockets for space travel will have been developed, 5_________ (permit)long journeys through the solar system. When that time comes, people will be taking holidays in space

(11) The Internet as become part of young people’s life. 1_________ report shows that 38% of students often use the Internet . Most of them get 2__________ (use) information on the Internet 3_________ use the Internet to help in their studies. But many students don’t use it 4_________ a good way. Some play games too much, some visit websites 5_________ shouldn’t look at. So bad things may happen 6_________ students spend too much time on the Internet.

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7_________ is important for students to use the Internet properly. Now we have a textbook, 8_________ uses many examples to teach students some good ways to use the Internet. It gives useful advice. Some students also make 9_________ on the Internet. But if you want to have a face-to-face 10_________ (meet) with your online friends, let your parents know and meet in a proper place. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m (12) Rivers are one of our most important natural resources. Many of the world’s great 1_________ are located on rivers, and almost 2__________ country has at least one river flowing through it that plays 3__________ important part in the lives of its people. Since the beginning of history, people 4_________ (use) rivers for transportation. The longest one in the United States is the Mississippi, and the lifeline of Egypt is the Nile.5 __________ transportation, rivers give water to drink, water for crops, and chances for fun and recreation for the people 6_________ live along their banks.

However, large cities and industries that are located on rivers often make problems. As the cities grow 7__________ size and industries increase in number, the water in the rivers becomes 8__________ (pollute) with chemicals and other materials. People are learning the 9__________ (important) of doing more to keep their rivers clean 10__________ they want to enjoy the benefits of this natural resource.

(13) Liu Xiang was the first Asian 1___________ (win) the men’s 110m hurdles at the Olympics in Athens. 2__________ that he became an idol(偶像) to the young people. “I never thought I would run under 13 seconds and break the Olympic 3__________.”said Liu Xiang in tears, “I am very very excited. I’m proud not just for myself and for Chinese 4_________ for Asia. My race went 5___________ (wonderful) from start to finish.” Liu added. “It is 6__________ amazing experience being the Olympic champion. I want to thank my coach and my friends for

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7_________their help. I think today we Chinese have showed the world we 8_________ run as fast as anybody else.” Since his return from Athens, Liu Xiang 9__________ (be) at the center of a media circus and he has been to many press appearances and meetings. But Liu thinks 2004 is just the beginning, and he expects to be at his peak in the 2008 Beijing Olympics. Liu said, “For some players, it’s just a job. For me, it’s 10_________ I love.” w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m (14) Will 1_________ matter if you don’t take your breakfast? Some time ago a test 2__________ (give) in the United Sates. Those tests included people of different 3__________ from 12 to 83. During the experiment, these people were given all kinds of breakfasts, and sometimes they got 4___________ breakfast at all. Special tests were set up to see 5___________ well their bodies worked and when they had eaten 6___________ certain kind of breakfast. The results show that if a person eats a proper breakfast, he or she will work with better

effect 7___________ if he or she has no breakfast. This fact appears to be 8___________ (especial) true if a person works 9__________ his brains. For example, if a student eats fruit, eggs, bread and milk before going to school, he will learn more quickly and listen with 10__________ (much) attention in class.

(15) Enough sleep is important to health. The amount of sleep needed 1__________ on the age of the person and the conditions in 2__________ sleep takes place. The young may need more sleep than 3__________ old, but usually eight hours are enough for the health of grown-ups. Some can do with 4__________ than this amount, but others may need more. Every person knows his own need. 5__________ is then a matter of good judgment to satisfy his need. Sleep 6__________ always be enough to make one bring back his 7__________ (strong) and get ready for a day’s work. Fresh air is necessary to sound sleep. So it is not

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8___________ reason for some people to think that it is practicable to sleep in the open air. A bath at bedtime, 9__________ hot nor cool but of body temperature, may be helpful to sleep. Sleepproducing drug(帮 助睡眠的药物) should never be taken except when 10__________ (suggest) by a doctor. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m (16) Snake dishes have become popular 1________ recent years. Snake meat in various flavors (风味) can 2_________ (see) in restaurant ads very often. Eating snake seems to be now in vogue(盛行), and if you haven’t eaten snake yet, you are considered “out of date”. But I wonder 3__________ all the trends are worth following. Some people may defend themselves 4__________ saying that snake meat is nutritious. But these people don’t realize that many parasites (寄生虫) , 5_________ do harm to our health, are found inside snakes. According 6________ a survey, about 1000 tons of snakes are

eaten every year in China and sometimes as 7__________ as 10 tons of snakes are served on dinner tables in Shenzhen in a single day! These figures warns us that if no action is taken, 8_________ number of snakes will drop and make an increase in mice and worms population, which will 9_________ in a decrease (减产)of crop output. Who will see such tragedy happen? So let’s start not to eat snakes any more because “to protect the snake is to protect 10__________.” w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m (17) A few years ago, SARS 1_________ out in the mainland of China, causing some people 2_________ (kill) . And some nearly got close to death. The situation was so severe that there was3_________ time to debate who is to blame. The most important thing for the government to do is to find out the 4__________ of this deadly disease. They invited all the most 5___________ (experience) experts in this field to discuss and quite a few suggestions were put forward. Some of the top

13

experts then tested them to see 6_________ they were available. Doctor Zhong Nanshan chose one patient who was seriously ill and had little hope 7_________ picking up and had the new medicine tested on him. 8__________ his great joy, this patient recovered! He made his way to his office and telephoned the top official, 9_________ (tell) him this exciting news. For convenience, he moved to live in his office. His method did make sense. Not soon after that, the 10_________ hospitals also controlled this terrible disease and kicked it out finally.

battered (坏掉的) ,the sound was good and we should buy it. When I phoned the woman back, she sounded as if she was crying. Concerned, I asked, “What’s the 7__________?” “We didn’t know the piano 8___________ play like that,” she replied. The piano wasn’t 9__________ sale, and her daughter had to resume(重新开始) taking piano 10__________. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m (19) In North America people are always in 1__________ hurry.

(18) I asked my uncle, who plays 1_________ piano well, 2_________ he would assess (评定) the tone of a second hand piano I was hoping to buy. We arrived 3__________ the house and Uncle Frank looked the piano over, then 4__________ (sit) down and played a mixture of honky-tonk numbers and classical pieces. When he finished, we told the family that we would call 5__________ in 15 minutes. Outside, Uncle Frank said that 6___________ the wood was

Children have special lessons or sports activities 2__________ school. Parents often work late and 3___________ get home until 7 or 8 o’clock at night. Most North American families don’t have time to prepare a meal. That is 4___________ fast food is so popular in North America. People 5__________ about 40% of their dollars on fast food. People usually buy fast food from restaurant chains such as Pizza Hut, McDonald’s, or KFC, 6_________ they can enjoy pizza, sandwiches, fried chicken, and so on. Fast food saves work and time,

14

but it is not 7___________ (nutrition). Fast food is popular in many countries. American fast-food companies now have restaurants all over the world. But not 8__________ is happy about the spread (扩展) of North American fast food. A group of people in Italy want to fight 9__________ the spread of American fast food. They don’t like the idea of more fast food chains 10___________(open) restaurants in their country.

hide 6_________ the plants and sleep, lay eggs there. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m The fish 7_________ be kept in water all the time. Some can jump high. So the tank should be covered. This keeps the fish from 8__________ (jump) out. The fish need food and should be fed every day. But 9__________ you give them too much food, it is very bad, for the extra food will fall to the bottom and make the water dirty. So the fish should get just

(20) Many people keep small fish 1_________ pets. They keep them in a tank of water. The tank is made of glass. People can 2_________ through it. They can see inside the tank and watch the fish. The fish need room. They mustn’t be crowded. They need 3_________ to breathe. 4__________ must be enough water for all fish. So the size of the tank is very important. In the tank people put small plants 5__________ are good for fish. They give oxygen to the water. Plants help in other ways, too. They can

enough food and finish 10_________ in ten minutes. Nothing should be left. (21) Once upon a time there was a rich merchant 1 ________ had 4

wives. He loved the 4th wife the most. He took great care of her and gave her nothing 2__________ the best. He also loved the 3rd wife very much. He was very 3 ___________ (pride) of her and always wanted to show off her to his friends. He also loved his 2nd wife. She is 4 ___________very considerate person, always patient and in fact is the

15

merchant’s close friend. 5___________ the merchant faced some problems, he always turned to his 2nd wife and 6____________ would always help him out and tide(帮助渡过) him 7__________ difficult times. Now, the merchant’s 1st wife is a very loyal partner and has made great 8___________ (contribute) in maintaining his wealth and business as well as 9___________ (take) care of the household. 10___________, the merchant did not love the first wife and although she loved him deeply, he hardly took notice of her.

5__________(get) sick so you can take a day 6___________?'' The donkey thought the goat had a great idea. So the next morning, the donkey lay in the stable(畜栏) on its side with its eyes 7__________ (close). Right away, the farmer called the doctor. 8____________ looking at the donkey, the doctor said it needed a special medicine made 9___________ the heart of a goat. So the farmer killed 10__________ goat and gave the donkey medicine made from its heart. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m (23)

(22) There once were a goat and a donkey 1___________ lived on a farm. The donkey worked the hardest so the farmer fed it the most 2___________. Sometimes the donkey was given more food 3 __________ it could eat. This made the goat so jealous 4__________ it began plotting against (谋划对付)the donkey. "Hey, donkey," the goat said one day. "I think you do too much work on this farm. You carry such heavy things from morning to night. Why don't you pretend

Dawn graduated several years ago. She 1 __________ (be) a successful model, and finding a job had not been a 2__________ ---until recently. When Dawn did start trying to find another type of 3__________, she found in interview after interview that computer literacy (能力) was a must to 4___________ (employ). Since Dawn had always been afraid 5_________ learning computer while in college—our school didn't require to learn computer

16

at that time—she managed to get a degree 6_________ ever confronting(面对) a computer. Finally, after months of searching for a job, Dawn failed. She had to admit that sidestepping (回避) computer literacy(读写能力) hadn't been a good idea. 7___________, She enrolled in a computer course at 8 ____adult vocational school.

The bongo has beautiful coloring. Its hair is bright brown 5_________ (mix) with orange and red. Down its back and across its sides the bongo has yellow-white strips(条纹). Animals that look 6__________ food at night usually have big eyes. This helps them see 7________ (good) at night. The forests in which bongos live are very dark. The eyes of bongos are very big. So, they have no trouble 8_________ (live) in the darkness. Bongos in zoos do not like to go outside on 9_________days. They only go outside on those days 10_________ it is dark or very cloudy.

9____________(surprise), although she had been afraid of learning computer, she took to computers10__________much that after about a year she opened her own computer-based business. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m (24) Some day,1_________you are lucky, you may see a bongo(大羚 羊). But the only way most people will see it is in a 2__________. They are found in Africa, 3__________ they live deep in forests. Even in Africa, very few people ever get to see a bongo. The bongo does not come out of the forest very often. It is an animal that keeps to 4__________.

(25) Gandhi, an Indian national hero, was honored 1__________ the father of the Indian nation. He has been respected and beloved by the Indians. He was born in India in 1869. Following the local custom, he got 2__________(marry) at the age of 13. In 1888 he sailed to England,

17

3__________ he studied law for three years and became a lawyer. On his return to India, he was sent to South Africa to work on a law case. In South Africa he 4__________ (surprise) to find that the problem of racial discrimination (种族歧视)was serious. There he formed an organization and started a magazine to fight 5__________ equal rights. Gandhi returned to India in 1915, 6__________ India was controlled by the British. He led the Indians to fight for an end to the British rule and 7___________ (depend) for his country. In the political movement many Indians including Gandhi were put in prison. 8___________, the struggles never stopped. The British government had to give 9___________and India won its independence in 1947. 10___________(fortunate) Gandhi was shot by an Indian who opposed his views and died on January 30th, 1948. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m (26) Mrs. Wilson, the wife of a rich man, 1___________some of her friends to lunch. She was trying a new way to cook fish and she was

very pleased with 2__________when the fish was ready. As the fish was very hot, she put it near the open window to 3_________ _for a few minutes. Five minutes later, when she came back for it, she was 4___________to find the neighbor’s cat at the fish. She was in time to stop the cat 5____________ it was too late. That afternoon every one enjoyed the fish. They talked and laughed 6__________four o’clock. After the guests left, Mrs. Wilson felt tired 7_________ happy. She was sitting down in a chair near the window when she saw the neighbor’s cat dead in her garden. She was sure the fish was bad. What 8__________ happen to her friends? She at once telephoned the

family doctor for help. The doctor liked each guest 9___________ (meet) him. Once again Mrs. Wilson was alone in her chair still tired but not longer happy. Just then the telephone rang. 10__________ was her neighbor, “Oh, Mrs. Wilson,” he cried.” My cat is dead. She was killed by someone in a car and put in your garden….”

(27)

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Nowadays, almost everyone 1__________ (realize) that smoking is 2__________ (harm) to people’s health. Sometimes it 3__________ causes fire. In China, about 38% of the people smoke. Every year, they smoke millions of packets of 4__________. It’s bad news for the health of nation. It’s known that smoking can cause different kinds of disease. Every year, many people die 5_________ these illnesses, such as lung and throat cancers. It also costs the government much money to look 6___________ these sick people. Smoking is also harmful to those 7________ don’t smoke, 8___________ (especial) to children and women. In a word, smoking is no good. 9__________ you want to smoke, just think of those who suffer from diseases 10_________ the fires that destroy people’s lives and properties!

Many people like to 1_________ the latest newspaper. But 2_________ is it produced so quickly? The most important man may be 3__________ chief editor. He decides 4__________ to do. Every morning the 5___________ (journal) are sent to report the events. Sometimes they need a face-to-face interview with people 6_________ do telephone interviews. Meanwhile, the picture editor sends photographer to take the 7___________ they need. Later in the day, they pass the stories and the 8___________ (develop) photos to the editor. The chief editor will choose the most important news for the front page. 9___________ editors read the stories, make some necessary changes and write headlines for them. 10___________ the newspaper is printed and delivered to different places. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m (29)

(28)

With the 1____________ (develop) of industry, air pollution is

19

getting more and more serious. In Beijing, many people suffer different kinds of illnesses because 2___________ air pollution. Air pollution is caused by the following 3_________: about half of the problem is caused by vehicles. There are more and more cars, buses on the roads, and they give off 4__________ (poison) gases. 25% of air pollution is caused by factories. Another factor is the smokers. Smoking not only does harm to their health 5__________ to others. 6_________ these, about 10%of air pollution is caused by other reasons. We should take some measures to fight 7____________ pollution. New fuel can be used to take 8___________ place of gas. We can plant more trees. If everybody realizes the 9___________ (important) of environment and does something to stop pollution, the problem will 10____________ (solve).

common view on graduates 2__________ Beijing University. 28% of the interviewed companies think that they 3__________ (satisfy)with the graduates from Beijing University. The graduates in their companies have a wide range of 4__________ (know) and they learn things very quickly and easily. 5___________, most of the companies don’t think much of graduates from Beijing University. In their eyes, the graduates always stick 6___________ their own opinions and lack the teamwork spirit 7__________ they are working. Besides, they may not be satisfied with their jobs even with big companies, and they usually ask too 8___________. As a result, 34% of the companies insist that 9__________ will not employ graduates from Beijing University. In brief, society and even the students themselves expect too much from graduates from Beijing University. That’s 10__________ a graduate claims that he is rubbish.

(30) Recently, a website has carried 1__________ a survey about the (31)

20

Did you know that in the mountains it can start to snow in August? It snows through the fall and winter. 1__________, in spring, when all that snow melts, water falls down the mountain sides. Streams(溪流) form and come together to form 2__________ . Let’s follow one of the rivers in Utah. The Bear River begins nearly 13,000 feet 3__________ in the mountains. It ends only 90 miles away, 4__________ it will have dropped about 9,000 feet first! The most surprising thing about this river is where 5_____ ____ends. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m If you look at a map, you will see that nearly all rivers 6_________(empty) into the sea. But 7___________ the water of the Bear River. This river flows into the Great Salt Lake, the largest lake in the West. The rivers and streams 8__________ flow into the lake bring with them about two million tons of salt each year. And no fresh water flows away from the lake. 9___________, the summer sun evaporates (蒸发)the fresh water, 10___________(leave)the salt behind. The lake water is so salty that you can’t sink in it, no matter how hard you

try.

(32) 1 ___________ neither she nor her husband smoked, Mrs. Trench was surprised to see cigarette ash on her doorstep as she entered the house. When she opened the living-room door, she was astonished to see a strange man fast 2__________ in an armchair! Taking care not to disturb him, Mrs. Trench left the house at once. She called a taxi and went 3 __________ (straight) to the police station. When she got there, she lost no time to explain 4___________ had happened and added that the man 5__________ have got into the house 6___________ an open window. Mrs. Trench returned home 7___________ a police car together with two policemen. But it was too late: the man had disappeared. 8___________ (hurry) upstairs, she went to her dressing-table. She smiled 9__________ relief when she saw the only thing that man had taken was an imitation (仿制品) diamond necklace that was almost 10 ___________!

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certainly is different. Children as it once was no longer exists, why? (33) About six years ago I was eating lunch in a restaurant in New York City 1___________ a woman and a yougn boy sat down 2___________ the next table. I couldn’t help 3__________ (overhear) parts of their conversation. At one point 4___________ woman asked: “ So, how have you been?” And the boy, 5__________ couldn’t have been more than seven or eight years old, replied, “Frankly, I’ve been feeling a little depressed lately.” This incident 6___________ (stick) in my mind because it confirmed my growing belief that children are cahnging. As 7___________ as I can remember, my friends and I didn’t find out we were “depressed” until we were in high school. The evidence of a change in children 8__________ (increase) steadily in recent years. Children don’t seem childlike anymore. Children speak more like ad ults, dress more like adults and behave more like adults 9___________ they used to. 10___________ this is good or bad is difficult to say, but it (34) Johnny Carson began his career in television 1 ____________ his twenties. First he worked at local stations in Nebraska. Several years 2___________, he moved to Los Angeles, California. It was “The Tonight Show” 3____________ made Johnny Carson famous for thirty years. He became 4 ____________ most popular star of American television. He 5_____________ (call) “the king of late night.” Critics said Americans from all parts of the country liked him and felt they knew him. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m He did not take his fame 6_____________ (serious). For example, when asked 7____________ he became a “star”, he answered: “I started in a gaseous (气体的) state and I cooled.” Carson’s special skill was his sense of 8____________. Audiences laughed at his jokes he made at the beginning of his show. However, sometimes they laughed 9____________ harder at the jokes that failed. He was the

22

most powerful performer on televison. Many 10____________ (comedy) and singers became successful after appearing on “The Tonight Show”.

you will forget what English you know. Remember: USE IT OR LOSE IT! You can learn how to speak English better 10____________ speaking English more.

(35) Although many Chinese students say that 1____________ knowledge of English grammar is good, 2 ____________most would admit that their oral English is poor. 3 ____________ I speak to a Chinese student they always say, “My oral English is poor.” 4 ____________, their oral English does not have to remain “poor!” I would like to suggest that there may be some reasons 5_____________ their problems with oral English. First, they fail to find suitable words to express 6_____________ due to (由于) a limited vocabulary. 7_____________, they are afraid of making mistakes. The third reason is that not enough attention 8 ______________ (pay) to listening. 9_____________ you use your English beyond the classroom

(36) Until recently daydreaming was viewed as a waste of time. Or it ___1_______(consider) an unhealthy escape from real life and its duties. But now some people are taking a fresh look at daydreaming. Some think it may be a very ______2_____ (health) thing to do. Some reseachers are finding that daydreaming may be important to mental health. Daydreaming, they tell us ,_____3___(be) a good means of relaxation. But its benefits go 4 this. A number of

psychologists have conducted experiments and have reached some 5 (surprise) conclusions. Dr. Joan T. Freyberg has conclued that daydreaming contributes to intellectual growth. It ____6_____ improves 7

(concentrate),attention span, and the ability to get along with others.

23

Idustrialist Henry J. Kaiser believed that much of his success was due to the positive use of daydreaming. Florence Nightingale dreamed of becoming a nurse. The young Thomas Edison pictured as an inventor. For these notable achieveers, it appears 9 8 their

and visiting 7

6

planets. Great propress will have been made

medicine, too. Pollution will have been controlled in a hundred

years’ time. 8 the world will have been developed—even Antarctica.

daydreams came true. Dr. Harry Emerson Fosdick offered this advice: “hold a picture of yourself… in your mind’s eye, and you will be drawn toward it. Picture yourself 10 as defeated and that alone will

We will have used up most of the earth’s land to build our cities, 9 floating cities will have been built. The Japanese have already 10 the sea.

plans of this kind. And there will be cities

make victory impossible. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m

(37) We ofter think of future. We often wonder ____1____ the world will be like a hundred years’ time. Think of moon moon as developed, 3 4 5 2 space. Perhaps a permanent station on the (set up). Perhapes people will be able to visit the . Cheap rockets for space travel will have been (permit) long journeys through the solar

(38) In the United States, there were 222 people (report) to be billionaires in 2003. The 2 1 of these is Bill 3 4 5 starting the he first

Gates, worth at least $41 billion, who made his money company Microsoft. Mr Gates was only 21 years old

helped to set up the company in 1976. He was a billionaire the time he was 31. 6

system. When that time comes, people will be taking holidays in space

, there are still some other people who have made

24

lots of money at even 7 (young) ages. Other young people who have struch it 8 of these

readers with problems. Along with the letters there are

8

written by people who are supposed to know how to solve such problems. Some of these writers are doctors, 9 are lawyers or

rich include Jackie Coogan and Shirley Temple. child actors made over a million dollars before they were 14. But 10 9

(act) in movies

educators. But two of the most famous writers of advice are women without special w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 10 (train) for this kind of work.

youngest billionaire is Albert

von Thurn and Taxis of Germany, who, in 2001, inherited a billion dollars when he turned 18.

(40) (39) Most Americans don’t like to get advice their family. They get advice from “ 2 1 members of (strong).” When 3 4 In the United States, there were 222 people 1_________ (report) to be billionaires (亿万富翁) in 2003. The 2_________ of these is Bill Gates, worth at least $ 41 billion, who made his money 3__________ starting the company Microsoft. Mr. Gates was only 21 years old 4_________ he first helped to set 5_________ the company in 1976. He was a billionaire by the time he was 31. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 6_________, there are still some other people who have made lots of money at even 7_________ (young)ages. Other young people who have struck it rich include Jackie Coogan and Shirley Temple.

they need advice, they don’t usually go to people thtey know. many of them write letters to newspapers and magazines give advice on amny different subjects 5

(include) family

problems, the use of language, health, cooking, child care, clothes, 6 even on how to buy a house or a car. Most newspapers 7 (regular) print letters from

25

8________ of these child actors made over a million dollars 9_________ (act) in movies before they were 14. But the youngest billionaire is Albert von Thurn und Taxis of Germany, 10_________ inherited (继承) a billion dollars when he turned 18 in 2001!

(4) 1. because 5. too 6. Have 7. the (5) 1. An 5. too

2. and

3. work

4. dangerous

8. with 2. without

9. second 3. wife

10. there 4. when/while

6. was painting 7. after 8. Both/Then 2. strangers 9. nothing 3. Instead 10. angrily 4. that/which

(6) 1. from 参考答案 (1) 1. because 5. too 6. Have 7. the (2) 1. stolen and 6. hospital 8. the (3) 1. living Before 6. bigger 7. written 8. a 9. up 10. most 8 with 2. at 7. for 9. had been 10. another w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 2. languages 3. or/to 4. all 5. they 9. second 3. to 10. which 4. amazement 5. 5. It 2. and 3. work 4. dangerous training (7) 1. problems 6. how 7. a (8) 1. the 6. on 8. before (9) 1. important 5. including 6. to buy

7. readers

8. there

9. others

10.

2. that/which

3. annoyed

4. and

8. happiness 2. defeating 7. where 9. best 2. and

9. grows 3. for

10. in 4. After 5.

10. failed 3. of 4. yourself 5.

26

Successful

6. like 8. what 2. / 9. they 3. moon 4. 5. permitting 6. other 10. under 5. they 10. the

how

6. a

7. than 9. with 10. more

7. where (10)1. what

8. especially w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m (15) 1. depends It 6. should 7. strength suggested

tourists/visitors/travelers 7. in (11) 1. A 6. if 7. It 8. which (12)1. cities 5. Besides 6. who 10. if (13) 1. to win 5. wonderfully 6. an what (14) 1. it 2. was given 7. all 2. After 7. in 9. friends 2. every/each 8. up 2. useful

2. which

3. the

4. less

5.

9. so/thus/therefore 3. and 4. in

8. without

9. neither

10.

10. meeting 3. an 4. have used

(16) 1. in which 6. to 7. many

2. be seen

3. if/whether

4. by

5.

8. the

9. result 3. no

10. ourselves 4. cause

8. polluted

9. importance

(17) 1. broke 5. experienced

2. to be killed

3. record

4. but (also) 10. other

6. whether/if

7. of

8. To

9. telling

8. can

9. has been

10.

(18) 1. the them

2. whether/if

3. at

4. sat

5.

6. though/although 7. matter/trouble 8. could/should 9. for 10.

3. ages

4. no

5.

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lessons (19) 1. a 6. where/and 7. nutritious 10. opening (20) 1. as that/which jumping (21) 1. who When/Whenever 2. look 3. oxygen 4. There 8. 5. 8. everyone/everybody 9. against 2. after 3. don’t 4. why 5. spend Surprisingly

6. without 10. so 2. zoo

7. Therefore/Thus

8. an

9.

(24) 1. if mixed 6. for 8. living (25) 1. as 5. for However 4. a 5. (26) 1. invited 5. before 8. contributions 9. taking 10. 10. It 2. food 3. than 4. that 9. from 5. to get 10.

3. where

4. itself

5.

7. better 9. bright 2. married 6. when 9. in 10. when w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 3. where 7. independence 10. Unfortunately 3. cool 4. surprised 4. was surprised 8.

6. among 9. if 2. but 6. she 10. it

7. must/should

3. proud

2. herself

7. through However (22) 1. that 6. off his/the (23) 1. had been employment 5. of

6. till/until

7. but

8. would

9. to meet

(27) 1. has realized cigarettes 5. of/from 6. after 7. who

2. harmful

3. even

4.

7. closed 8. After

8. especially

9. If

10.

2. problem

3. job

4.

and

28

(28) 1. read journalists 6. or

2. how

3. the

4. what

5.

worthless/ valueless (33) 1. when 2. at 3. overhearing 4. the 5.

7. pictures/photos 10. Finally (29) 1. development poisonous 5. but(also) 6. Besides 10. be solved (30) 1. out knowledge 2. from

8. developed

9. Other

who

6. stuck 7. far 8. has increased 9. than 10.

2. of

3. reasons

4.

Whether (34) 1. in 2. later 3. that 4. the 5. was

7. against

8. the

9. importance

called

6. seriously 7. how 8. humor 9. even 10. comedians 4. However 5.

3. are satisfied

4. for

(35) 1. their 2 yet 6. themselves 7. Second

3. Whenever

5. However 6. to 7. when/while 8. much 9. they 10. why

8. is paid

9. Unless 3. is

10. by 4.

(31) 1. Then 7. not 8. that/which 9. Instead (32) 1. Because/As 5. must 6. through

2. rivers 3.up 4.but 5.it 6.empty

(36)1. was considered beyond 5. surprising 6. also

2. healthy

10.leaving 2. asleep 3. straight 4. what that

7. concentration

8. himself

9.

10. vividly (37)1. what 2. / 3. will have been set up 4.

7. in 8. Hurrying

9. with

10.

tourists/ visitors/ travelers

29

5. permitting so/ thus/ therefore

6. other

7. in

8.All

9.

10. under w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m (38)1. reported when 5. by 6. However acting 10. the 2. strangers 3. Instead 4. that/ 7. younger 8. Both 9. 2. richest/ wealthiest 3. by 4.

想学好英语,首先要培养对英语的兴趣。“兴趣是最好的老师”,兴趣是学 习英语的巨大动力,有了兴趣,学习就会事半功倍。我们都有这样的经 验:喜欢的事,就容易坚持下去;不喜欢的事,是很难坚持下去的。而 兴趣不是与生俱来的,需要培养。有的同学说:“我一看到英语就头疼, 怎么能培养对英语的兴趣呢?”还有的同学说:“英语单词我今天记了明 天忘,我太笨了,唉,我算没治了。”这都是缺乏信心的表现。初学英语 时,没有掌握正确的学习方法,没有树立必胜的信心,缺乏了克服困难

(39)1. from which 5. including 6. and 10. training. (40) 1. reported when 6. However 10. who

7. rugularly

8. answers

9. others

的勇气,丧失了上进的动力,稍遇失败,就会向挫折缴枪,向困难低头。 你就会感到英语是一门枯燥无味的学科,学了一段时间之后,学习积极

2. richest/wealthiest

3. by

4.

性也逐渐降低,自然也就不会取得好成绩。但是,只要在老师的帮助下, 认识到学英语的必要性,用正确的态度对待英语学习,用科学的方法指

5. up 7. younger 8. Both 9. acting

导学习。开始时多参加一些英语方面的活动,比如 ,唱英文歌、做英 语游戏、读英语幽默短文、练习口头对话等。时间长了,懂得多了,就 有了兴趣,当然,学习起来就有了动力和欲望。然后,就要像农民一样 勤勤恳恳,不辞辛苦,付出辛勤的劳动和汗水,一定会取得成功,收获

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丰硕的成果。 毕竟是 No pains, no gains 吗。 练好基本功是学好英语的必 要条件,没有扎实的英语基础,就谈不上继续学习,更谈不上有所成就。 要想基本功扎实,必须全神贯注地认真听讲,上好每一节课,提高课堂效 率,脚踏实地、一步一个脚印地,做到以下“五到”: 一、“心到”。在课 堂上应聚精会神,一刻也不能懈怠,大脑要始终处于积极状态,思维要 活跃、思路要开阔,心随老师走,听懂每一句话,抓住每一个环节,理 解每一个知识点,多联想、多思考,做到心领神会。 二、“手到”。学英 语,一定要做课堂笔记。因为人的记忆力是有限的,人不可能都过目不 忘,记忆本身就是不断与遗忘作斗争的过程。常言说,“好脑筋不如烂笔 头” 。 老师讲的知识可能在课堂上记住了, 可是过了一段时间, 就会忘记, 所以,做好笔记很有必要。英语知识也是一点点积累起来的,学到的每 一个单词、词组以及句型结构,都记在笔记本上,甚至是书的空白处或 字里行间,这对以后的复习巩固都是非常方便的。 三、“耳到”。在课堂 上,认真听讲是十分必要的,不但要专心听老师对知识的讲解,而且要 认真听老师说英语的语音、语调、重音、连读、失去爆破、断句等发音 要领,以便培养自己纯正地道的英语口语。听见听懂老师传授的每一个 知识点,在头脑里形成反馈以帮助记忆;理解领会老师提出的问题,以

便迅速作答,对比同学对问题的回答,以加深对问题的理解而取别人之 长补自己之短。 四、“眼到”。在认真听讲的同时,还要双眼紧随老师观 察老师的动作、口形、表情、板书、绘图、教具展示等。大脑里形成的 视觉信息和听觉信息相结合,印象就会更加深刻。 五、“口到”。学习语 言,不张嘴不动口是学不好的,同学们最大的毛病是读书不出声,害羞 不敢张嘴。尤其是早读课,同学们只是用眼看或默读,这样就只有视觉 信息,而没有听觉信息在大脑里的反馈,当然记忆也不会太深刻,口部 肌肉也得不到锻炼,也就很难练就一口纯正的英语。所以,要充分利用 早晨头脑清醒的时间,大声朗读;课堂上要勇跃回答老师提问、积极参 与同学间讨论和辩论, 课下对不清楚的问题及时提出, 要克服害羞心理, 不耻下问。对学过的课文要多读、勤读、苦读,可以跟录音机读,竭力 模仿其语音语调以纠正发音,要读得抑扬顿挫朗朗上口,一些精典文章 最好能背得滚爪烂熟。利用一切可能的机会,练习英语口语,比如,与 外教交流、参加“英语角”活动、与同学进行对话、讲英语故事、唱英文 歌曲、演英语短剧、进行诗歌朗诵等。除了对课本中的范文要细读精读 之外,还要多看些适合我们中学生的课外读物,既可增长知识,又开阔 了我们的视野,也提高了我们的阅读水平。 学英语,词汇的记忆是必

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不可少的,词汇是学好英语的基础,没有了词汇,也就谈不上句子,更 谈不上文章,所以记单词对我们就显得极其重要。记忆单词关键有二: 一是持之以恒:每天坚持记忆一定量的词汇,过几天再回头复习一次, 这样周期循环,反复记忆,经常使用,就会变短时记忆为长时记忆并牢 固掌握。需要注意的是,一旦开始,就要坚持下来,千万不能半途而废, 切不可三天打鱼,两天晒网。 二是良好的记忆方法:记忆单词的方法 很多,学无定法,但学有良法。我认为,张思中的“集中识词,分类记忆” 不失为一种适合中学生的好方法。把中学生应掌握的 3500 个单词集中 汇总,分门别类,先过单词关,然后再学教材,在课本中使用和巩固它 们的用法。分类的方法有多种,同一元音或元音字母组合发音相同的单 词归为一类;根据词形词性、同义词反义词等集中记忆;把相同词根、 前缀、后缀、合成、转化、派生等构词法相同的单词或词组列在一起集 中识记印象比较深刻,记忆效果也比较明显。这样每天记 40-80 个单 词,坚持不懈,多联想,多思考,多使用,词汇问题不就解决了吗?在 学习的过程中多注视单词的用法和词组的搭配,牢记老师讲过的单词惯 用法和句型,这样不仅有助于我们解题,而且在写作时也会信手拈来, 运用自如。 把单词记住,了解词性、词义,掌握其固定搭配与习惯用

法,背会时态、从句的各种用法,工作只是完成了一半,我们还得将它 们应用到实践中去。就像学游泳,光学理论,不下水应用,不等于掌握 了这门技术。不必要搞题海战术,但一定量的典型练习来巩固所学知识 是必不可少的。先重视基础练习,如课后习题,单元同步练习,这些是 针对课堂知识的巩固性练习,不能好高骛远,光想着一口吃个胖子。基 础知识掌握后,有的放失地做一些语法方面的专项练习和考试题型的专 题练习。特别提倡同学们准备一本“错题集”,把平时做错的具有代表性 的试题或语言点记录下来,以备将来查漏补缺,这样对知识的掌握可以 达到事半功倍的效果。 英语是一种语言,不是记住了单词、词组、句 型和语法项目就是把它学好了,关键在于使用语言,所以在学习英语时 一定要注意听、说、读、写、译全面发展。英语学习首先是一个记忆过 程,然后才是实践过程。学习英语,无论如何,勤奋是不可少的,它是 一个日积月累的渐进过程,是没有任何捷径可走的,也没有所谓“速成” 的灵丹妙方,急于求成,不做踏实工作,是学不好英语的。任何成功的 获得都要靠自己的努力,要踏踏实实、勤勤恳恳、兢兢业业、一步一个 脚印地学习,端正态度,认真对待学习中的挫折和失败。失败并不可怕, 可怕的是对自己丧失信心而一蹶不振。对考试的失败,冷静分析,认真

32

思考,只要对胜利充满信心,善于总结经验教训,不断努力,不断追求, 胜利一定是属于你们的

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