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高考英语162个动词的不规则变化表


高考英语 162 个动词的不规则变化表
1.AAA 型 bet broadcast bid burst cast cost cut forecast hit hurt knit let put quit read rid set shut spit split spread sweat thrust upset wed wet 2.AAB 型 beat 3.ABA 型 beat beaten 打;击败;(心脏)跳动 bet/betted broadcast bid/bade burst cast cost cut forecast/forecasted hit hurt knit/knitted let put quit/quitted read rid/ridded set shut spit/spat split spread sweat/sweated thrust upset wed wet/wetted bet/betted broadcast bid/bidden burst cast cost cut forecast/forecasted hit hurt knit/knitted let put quit/quitted read rid/ridded set shut spit/spat split spread sweat/sweated thrust upset wed wet/wetted 打赌 广播;播送 出价 爆发;发生 投,掷;扔 花费 切;割 预报 打 伤害 编织 让 放 停止 读 除去 放;放置 关闭 吐 劈开;分开 散布;传播 出汗 刺;刺入 颠覆;扰乱 结婚 打湿

come become overcome run 4.ABB 型

came became overcame ran

come become overcome run

来 变成 克服 跑

(1)在原型动词后面加一个辅音字母 d 或 t 构成过去式、过去分词 hear burn learn dream mean lean leap spoil deal heard burnt/burned learnt/learned dreamt meant leant/leaned leapt/leaped spoilt/spoiled dealt heard burnt/burned learnt/learned dreamt meant leant/leaned leapt/leaped spoilt/spoiled dealt 听见 燃烧 学 梦想 意思是 倾斜 跳跃;跨越 破坏;宠坏 处理

(2)把原型动词的最后一个辅音字母 d 改成 t build rebuild lend send spend bend built rebuilt lent sent spent bent built rebuilt lent sent spent bent 建设 重建 借出;借给 送;发射;派遣 度过;花费 弯腰;低头;弯曲

(3)原词中有 a 则改为 aught,无 a 则改为 ought catch teach buy bring fight seek think (4)把 eel、ell 改成 elt feel kneel felt knelt felt knelt 感觉 跪下 caught taught bought brought fought sought thought caught taught bought brought fought sought thought 抓;赶上 教;教书 买 带来;拿来 打架;争吵;作战 寻找 想

smell spell

smelt spelt

smelt spelt

闻到 拼写

(5)词中间去掉一个 e 或去掉一个 a 或去掉一个 o feed meet speed bleed breed lead mislead shoot fed met sped bled bred led misled shot fed met sped bled bred led misled shot 喂养;饲养 碰见;遇见 加速;快速前进 流血 繁殖;产生 领导;引导 误导;欺骗 射击;击中

(6)改变元音字母(把 i、a 变为 u 或把 i、e 变为 o,把 o 变为 e,把 i 变为 a) dig hang spin stick sting swing shine win get hold sit dug hung spun stuck stung swung shone shined won got held sat dug hung spun stuck stung swung shone shined won got held sat 挖掘 挂 旋转 粘贴;插入 刺激;叮咬 摆动;突然转向 照耀;使发光 擦亮;擦光 赢得;获胜 得到 握;举行 坐

(7)eep 变为 ept keep sleep oversleep creep weep kept slept overslept crept wept kept slept overslept crept wept 保持 睡觉 睡过头 爬行 哭泣

sweep

swept

swept

打扫

(8)ay 变为 aid,ell 变为 old,and 变为 ood,ind 变为 ound pay repay lay say sell tell retell foretell stand understand misunderstand find wind paid repaid laid said sold told retold foretold stood understood misunderstood found wound paid repaid laid said sold told retold foretold stood understood misunderstood found wound 付款 偿还;报答 下蛋;产卵;放置 说 卖 告诉 复述 预告;预言 站,站立 明白;懂得 误会;误解 找到;发现 卷起;缠绕

(9)其他 bite bless have/has leave light lose make slide spill bit blessed/blest had left lit/lighted lost made slid spilled/spilt bit/bitten blessed/blest had left lit/lighted lost made slid spilled/spilt 咬 祝福 有 离开 点燃;照亮 失去;丢失 制作;制造 滑动 溢出

5.ABC 型 (1)原型动词后+n 或 en 构成过去分词 take overtake mistake undertake took overtook mistook undertook taken overtaken mistaken undertaken 拿;取 追上;超过 误认;误解 承担;保证

shave saw sow shake see foresee eat fall give forgive drive rise arise ride write

shaved sawed sowed shook saw foresaw ate fell gave forgave drove rose arose rode wrote

shaven/shaved sawn/sawed sown/sowed shaken seen foreseen eaten fallen given forgiven driven risen arisen ridden written

剃须 锯 播种 摇头;摇晃 看见 预见 吃 跌倒 给 原谅;宽恕 驾驶 升起 出现;发生 骑 写

(2)过去式+n 或 en 构成过去分词 break speak freeze wake weave awake choose steal forget hide forbid broke spoke froze woke wove awoke chose stole forgot hid forbade/forbad broken spoken frozen woken woven awoken chosen stolen forgotten hidden forbidden 打破 说话 结冰;凝固 醒 编织 唤醒 选择 偷 忘记 躲藏 禁止

(3)ow/aw/ew—ew/ed—own/awn/ewn 型 blow grow know throw overthrow blew grew knew threw overthrew blown grown known thrown overthrown 吹 生长 知道 投;掷 推翻;打倒

draw withdraw sew show (4)i—a—u 型 begin shrink drink ring sink sing swim spring (5)ear—ore—orn 型 bear tear wear swear (6)其他

drew withdrew sewed showed

drawn withdrawn sewn/sewed shown

拖;拉 撤退 缝 出示

began shrank/shrunk drank rang sank sang swam sprang/sprung

begun shrunk drunk rung sunk sung swum sprung

开始 萎缩 喝;饮 打电话;按(铃) 下沉 唱歌 游泳 弹跳;弹起

bore tore wore swore

born torn worn sworn

忍受;生育 撕裂;撕破 穿;戴 发誓

be (am,is) be (are) do/does go lie fly

was were did went lay flew

been been done gone lain flown

是 是 做 去 躺 飞


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