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2015届高三名校英语试题解析分项汇编 专题10 完形填空-夹叙夹议类(解析版)


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专题 10 完形填空-夹叙夹议类
【江西省吉安市第一中学 2015 届高三上学期第二次阶段考】 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 I am a single mom and have a child. Knowing that I could not ___41___ to get him anything at all for his birthday had broken my heart. ___42__, I decided to post a(n) ___43__ on wishuponahero. com for people to ___44__ my son birthday cards. I knew he loved to __45___ the mailbox and always asked if there was anything for him. I __46____ that if he could get a few cards, it would make him smile and maybe, just maybe, he wouldn’t be so __47__ that I wasn’t able to get him anything. The cards just started ___48___ in and my little child was absolutely ___49___. Every day more and more cards came and this went ____50___ for about three weeks. The smile on his face and the sparkle in his eyes brought me to ____51___. Then. he started thinking about Christmas and he ___52____ knew that there really would not be much under the ___53____ for him due to my finances, but it didn’t seem to __54_____ to him. All he talked about was how much he wanted to make other children ____55___ So he decided that what he wanted to do was to earn money to buy Christmas cards and send them to other children from ___56____ families. My son went out daily and walked some dogs and such to make money. Not only did he make the money to buy, the cards, but he also made enough money to buy all the stamps and lollipops(棒棒糖)to put in the ____57___. He sent out about 100 cards. Doing this ___58____ him that same smile and sparkle in his eyes as did the birthday cards that he received. I was so ____59___ of him. My son and wishuponahero. com have given me renewed ___60____ that there are still people in this world that care about others. 【小题 1】. A. agree 【小题 2】. A. Instead 【小题 3】. A. letter 【小题 4】. A. show 【小题 5】. A. check 【小题 6】. A. explained B. pretend B. However B. wish B. sell B. produce B. thought C. expect C. So C. job C. design C. address C. regretted D. afford D. Besides D. advertisement D. send D. receive D. promised

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【小题 7】. A. angry 【小题 8】. A. breaking 【小题 9】A. excited 【小题 10】. A. away 【小题 11】. A. surprise 【小题 12】. A. already 【小题 13】. A. control 【小题 14】. A. matter 【小题 15】. A. understand 【小题 16】. A. ordinary 【小题 17】. A. mailbox 【小题 18】. A. saved 【小题 19】. A. proud 【小题 20】. A. excuse 【答案】 【小题 1】D 【小题 2】C 【小题 3】B 【小题 4】D 【小题 5】A 【小题 6】B 【小题 7】C 【小题 8】C 【小题 9】A 【小题 10】D 【小题 11】D 【小题 12】A 【小题 13】C 【小题 14】A 【小题 15】D

B. curious B. happening B. troubled B. off B. difficulty B. still B. gifts B. object B. change B. poor B. house B. brought B. aware B. suggestion

C. upset C. pouring C. disappointed C. up C. respect C. even C. tree C. belong C. continue C. familiar C. cards C. owed C. careful C. fact

D. lucky D. improving D. worried D. on D. tears D. never D. help D. refer D. smile D. distant D. stamps D. taught D. full D. hope

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【小题 16】B 【小题 17】C 【小题 18】B 【小题 19】A 【小题 20】D 【解析】

【小题 10】.考查介词和语境理解。A. away 离开,B. off 在. . .之外,C. up 向上,D. on 在. . .

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之上。 这种情况“持续”了大约三个星期。 go away“离开”; “离开” go off“熄灭; 走火”; go up“增 长”; go on“持续”。选 D。 【小题 11】考查名词和语境理解。. A. surprise 惊讶,B. difficulty 困难,C. respect 尊重, D. tears 眼泪。 作者因为自己无力给孩子购买生日礼物而感到愧疚, 所以看到他脸上的微笑和眼里闪耀着 的光芒时,禁不住“泪水”涟涟。选 D。 【小题 12】考查副词和语境理解。 A. already 已经,B. still 仍然,C. even 甚至,D. never 从未。.作者的儿子知道自己家的窘况, 而且上文也提到了作者没有给他买生日礼物, 由 此可知他“已经”知道了不会有太多的圣诞节礼物。选 A。

考点:个人经历类文章 【山西省大同一中、同煤一中 2015 届高三联考】 Lara was dying to discover how college could benefit her. Day after day, she sat in the waiting for something her professors said to have a(n) 3 had happened and she was 2 1 ,

. By the end of the semester nothing and asked, “Is this all

4 . She approached one of her 5

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there is?” The teacher looked at her for a moment and answered, “For you, apparently so.” As simple as it is, this story contains an important 6 cannot depend entirely on others to 7 for all potential students to learn: you 8 with the education

you. If you do, you will get

system with its inefficiencies and imperfections. You’ll enjoy your educational experience more and get more 11 9 if you realize that 10 education is self-education, as it is you who

how much and how well you will learn. Learning is a partnership of two or more willing minds. Your teachers can 12 you with

information and guidance, but much of the responsibility to learn is on your welcome this 14 , you will exercise more control over your 16 15

1 3 . If you

experience, both in and out

of the classroom. Then, even if some of your instructors the partnership, you can still 17

to meet their responsibilities in

the situation from your side.

Having more control will make you feel more fully involved, and feeling more involved will make you more 18 about your education; 20 19 , you will not only increase your capacity

to learn but will probably freedom and direction. 【小题 1】 A. study 【小题 2】 A. judgment 【小题 3】A. strange 【小题 4】A. puzzled 【小题 5】A. professors 【小题 6】A. truth 【小题 7】A. change 【小题 8】A. concerned 【小题 9】A. pleasure 【小题 10】A. compulsory 【小题 11】A. decides 【小题 12】A. assist 【小题 13】A. family 【小题 14】A. trick 【小题 15】A. business

the process more. You will also experience a greater sense of

B. theater B. result B. negative B. disappointed B. classmates B. symbol B. educate B. frustrated B. information B. formal B. notices B. mix B. desk B. fun B. travel

C. classroom C. joke C. impressive C. pleased C. teammates C. memory C. follow C. satisfied C. benefit C. real C. recognizes C. honor C. feet C. luck C. college

D. hall D. influence D. moving D. worried D. partners D. reality D. invite D. connected D. help D. public D. guesses D. charge D. shoulders D. responsibility D. work

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【小题 16】A. fail 【小题 17】A. damage 【小题 18】A. scared 【小题 19】A. in particular 【小题 20】A. believe 【答案】 【小题 1】C 【小题 2】D 【小题 3】C 【小题 4】B 【小题 5】A 【小题 6】A 【小题 7】B 【小题 8】B 【小题 9】C 【小题 10】C 【小题 11】A 【小题 12】A 【小题 13】D 【小题 14】D 【小题 15】C 【小题 16】A 【小题 17】B 【小题 18】B 【小题 19】D 【小题 20】D 【解析】

B. continue B. control B. enthusiastic B. for example B. doubt

C. stop C. avoid C. careful C. in other words C. regret

D. desire D. describe D. guilty D. as a result D. enjoy

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【小题 14】考查名词词义辨析。A 诡计;B 趣味;C 幸运;D 责任,根据句子 If you welcome this 34 , you will exercise more 前文说大部分要学的责任还是在你肩上,如果你欢迎责

任,你会锻炼更多,故选 D 【小题 15】 考查名词词义辨析。 A 商业; B 旅行; C 大学; D 工作, 根据句子 you will exercise more control over your 35 experience, both in and out of the classroom.你会锻炼更多对于

你大学经验的控制,包括教室内外,故选 C 【小题 16】考查动词词义辨析。A 失败;B 继续;C 停止;D 希望,根据句子 even if some of your instructors 36 to meet their responsibilities in the partnership,尽管你为承担团队责任

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做出的指导失败了,故选 A 【小题 17】 考查动词词义辨析。 A 伤害; B 控制; C 避免; D 描述, 根据句子 you can still 37 the situation from your side 前文说尽管你为承担团队责任做出的指导失败了你仍能从内部控 制这种情形,故选 B

考点:考查夹叙夹议完形填空 【山东省潍坊市重点中学 2015 届高三 12 月阶段性教学质量检测】 阅读下列短文,从每小题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸 上将该项涂黑。 When he was a small boy, he had loved butterflies. Now a grown man with his first son to be born in a few weeks, he found 42 41 once again fascinated with a cocoon(茧) .He had

it at the side of the park path. Somehow the twig(嫩枝)had been knocked from the tree 43 undamaged and still woven to the branch. 44 it in his handkerchief and carried it

and the cocoon had

As he had seen his mother do, he gently protected it by home. The cocoon found a 46 45

home in a jar with holes in the lid. The man

it every day. One day, for the first time,the cocoon moved. He watched more closely and 47 . The cocoon remained

soon the cocoon was trembling with activity but nothing else tightly glued to the twig and there was no Finally the shaking became so 48 of wings.

49 ,the man thought the butterfly would die from the 51

50 .He removed the lid on the jar,took a sharp pen knife from his desk drawer and

made a tiny slit(切口)in the side of the cocoon. Almost immediately,one wing appeared and then outstretched the other. The butterfly was 52 !

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It seemed to

53

its freedom and walked along the edge of the jar. But it didn’t fly. At 54 needed time to dry but time passed and still the butterfly did not

first the man thought the 55 .

The man was worried and called up his neighbor who neighbor

56

high school science. He told the

57 he had found the cocoon,placed it in the mason jar, and the terrible trembling as 58 how he had carefully made a small slit in the 59 . You see,the struggle is what gives the

the butterfly struggled to get out. When he

cocoon,the teacher stopped him, “Oh, that is the butterfly the strength to fly.”

And so it is with us. Sometimes it’s the struggles in life that 【小题 1】A. them 【小题 2】A. searched 【小题 3】A. survived 【小题 4】A. hanging 【小题 5】A. awful 【小题 6】.A. realized 【小题 7】.A. happened 【小题 8】.A. scene 【小题 9】A. nervous 【小题 10】A. struggle B. us B. raised B. appeared B. covering C. itself C. found C. existed C. hiding

60

us the most.

D. himself D. pulled D. hidden D. wrapping D. luxurious D. recognized

B. temporary C. forever B. noticed C. watched

B. arose C. helped B. mark B. strong B. beat C. signal

D. proved D. sign D. weak D. fight D. proudly D. alive D. enjoy D. hands D. come out D. taught D. where

C. constant C. quarrel C. carefully C. happy C. desire C. feet C. take off C. searched C. when

【小题 11】A. confidently B. finally 【小题 12】A. different 【小题 13】.A. hate 【小题 14】A. wings 【小题 15】A. bring up 【小题 16】A. observed 【小题 17】A. how 【小题 18】A. reported 【小题 19】A. excuse 【小题 20】A. strike 【答案】 B. free B. share B. arms B. get down B. invented B. why

B. described C. expressed D. imagined B. purpose B. strengthen C. reason C. trouble D. evidence D. impress

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【小题 1】D 【小题 2】C 【小题 3】A 【小题 4】D 【小题 5】B 【小题 6】C 【小题 7】A 【小题 8】D 【小题 9】B 【小题 10】A 【小题 11】C 【小题 12】B 【小题 13】D 【小题 14】A 【小题 15】C 【小题 16】D 【小题 17】A 【小题 18】B 【小题 19】C 【小题 20】B 【解析】

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【小题 3】A 考查词义辨析。A 幸存;B 出现;C 生存;D 隐藏。根据前后文“ Somehow the twig(嫩枝)had been knocked from the tree and the cocoon had 43 undamaged and still

woven to the branch.”不知怎么得一个嫩枝从树上掉下敲打在茧上,茧却完好无损,仍然在织 网。由此推测,茧被树枝砸到了,却没有被破坏,所以应是幸存下来,故选 A。

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【小题 9】 B 考查词义辨析题。 A 紧张的; B 强壮的; C 连续的; D 虚弱的。 根据前后文“Finally the shaking became so 49 , the man thought the butterfly would die from the 50 .”可知主

人公以为蝴蝶会死掉,所以可以推测他看到的震动越来越弱。故选 B。

【小题 13】D 考查词义辨析题。A 讨厌;B 分享;C 渴望;D 享受。根据前后文“ It seemed to 53 its freedom and walked along the edge of the jar.”蝴蝶沿着瓶子边缘走动,可以推测

它很享受现在的自由,其它选项不服题意,故选 D。

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考点:考查记叙文阅读。 【黑龙江省双鸭山市第一中学 2015 届高三上学期期末】 Lyse Doucet lives a happy life in Chicago. But recently there is some difficulty for her and her family. She and her husband have each other’s parents and young daughter and for that they are of 21 23 . But she and her husband are both currently 22 . And their car is in great need 24 soon. So

. And then there is the matter of their second child, who is

things are a little tense for the Doucet family these days. When Lyse and her daughter were walking through a store picked up an envelop from the ground that 26 25 lot recently, Lyse 27 of

$4,000 in cash. There were a 28

different explanations that could be considered. Was this a kind of good

? Could it be an

attempt by the universe to balance everything? Could it be simply a gift from God? Lyse didn’t know. The only thing she knew was that the cash in that envelope and one other thing she knew Her young daughter was there 31 30 29 to someone else. Oh,

. “My kid was standing right

I found it,” Lyse told WLS-TV in Chicago. “So basically I wanted to teach my 32 . And for me that was enough.” 33 , or the car that needed to be fixed, or the baby that 34 35 the money over to the police she was told it. 36 it an old woman. And

daughter how to be

Never mind the bills that were

would come soon. And forget that when she that there was actually nothing illegal if she

The police were able to return the money to the person who one can imagine the joy and 37

she felt when the police handed the lost envelop back to 38 me,” Lyse said. “She gave me 40 . What

her. “She came to my house and she was almost in tears, a hug and an envelope with a small 39

in it. But what was in it wasn’t

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mattered was the opportunity to teach my daughter honesty.” 【小题 1】. A. restricted 【小题 2】. A. appreciated 【小题 3】. A. cash 【小题 4】. A. sick 【小题 5】. A. gathering 【小题 6】. A. contained 【小题 7】. A. handful 【小题 8】. A. expense 【小题 9】. A. belonged 【小题 10】. A. urging 【小题 11】. A. before 【小题 12】. A. ripe 【小题 13】. A. passing by 【小题 14】. A. turned 【小题 15】. A. checked 【小题 16】. A. sent 【小题 17】. A. relief 【小题 18】. A. comforting 【小题 19】. A. option 【小题 20】. A. important 【答案】 【小题1】C 【小题2】B 【小题3】D 【小题4】B 【小题5】D 【小题6】A 【小题7】C 【小题8】B B. upset B. unemployed B. protection B. due B. begging B. involved B. deal B. luck B. reacted B. affecting B. when B. loyal B. giving away B. watched B. made B. lost B. anxiety B. congratulating B. present B. serious C. grateful C. disappointed C. sale C. desperate C. cleaning C. charged C. number C. hope C. pointed C. laughing C. because C. honest C. showing off C. got C. kept C. disliked C. tension C. thanking C. envelope C. sufficient D. sensitive D. removed D. repair D. dull D. parking D. paid D. flood D. prize D. responded D. watching D. though D. humorous D. piling up D. collected D. promoted D. generated D. respect D. offending D. amount D. efficient

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【小题9】A 【小题10】D 【小题11】B 【小题12】C 【小题13】D 【小题14】A 【小题15】C 【小题16】B 【小题17】A 【小题18】C 【小题19】D 【小题20】A 【解析】 试题分析:本文讲述了一个原本生活还凑合的一家人,因为男女支柱双双失业,使原本生活 就不富裕的一家人更加困难,然而有一天,Lyse和她女儿一起见到了一个装有现金的信封, 而这笔钱正好可以解这个家庭的燃眉之急,但是Lyse为了给女儿树立一个诚信的好榜样,将 这笔钱交到了警察手中。告诫读者没有钱也不能没有诚信道德。

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【小题8】考查名词辨析。A.开支;花费 B.运气;幸运 C.希望 D.奖赏。句意:这是一种还 运气吗?面对捡到的这些钱Lyse在想是否是运气的眷顾。故选C. 【小题9】考查动词辨析。A.属于 B.反应;重演 C.指出 D.回应;答复。sth belongs to sb. 某 物属于某人。句意:她只知道这个装有现金的信封是别人的。故选A. 【小题10】考查动词辨析。A.催促 B.影响 C.嘲笑;大笑 D.看着。由后文可知,Lyse捡钱 的时候,女儿在旁边看着;且后文讲述了她为了给女儿树立好榜样,把钱物归原主,可知女 儿不会催促她捡钱,A错误;B,D不符合逻辑;故选D. 【小题11】考查连词辨析。本题考查状语从句,排除C,D.句意“当我捡钱的时候,女儿就站 在旁边。”可知,应选when. 【小题12】考查形容词辨析。A.成熟的 B.忠诚的 C.诚实的 D.幽默的。捡到他人的财物, 不管自己多么需要,也要物归原主,这是诚信问题。故选C.

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