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2016高考英语“短文改错”解题指导及备考建议(一)

“短文改错”解题指导及备考建议 (2-1)

一、福建卷与全国卷的总体差异
1、2015年福建卷 第Ⅰ卷(选择题 共115分) 第一部分 听力 (共两节,满分30分) 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 第一节 单项填空 (共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分) 第二节 完形填空(共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分) 第三部分 阅读理解(共20小题,每小题2分,满分40分)

第Ⅱ卷(非选择题 共35分) 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分) 第一节 短文填词 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 阅读下面短文,根据以下提示:1)汉语提示,2)首字母 提示,3)语境提示,在每个空格内填入一个适当的英语单 词,所填单词要求意义准确,拼写正确,并将该词完整地 写在答题卡中相应的横线上。 第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

2、2015年全国卷题型
第Ⅰ卷 第一部分 听力 (共两节,满分30分) 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 第一节 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选 项,(共15小题,每小题2分,满分30分) 第二节 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项 中有两项为多余选项。(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分) 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 第一节 完形填空(共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分) 第二节 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正 确形式。(共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)

第Ⅱ卷 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分) 第一节 短文改错 文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有 两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。(共 10小题,每小题1分,满分10分) 第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

二、“短文改错”的变化
1、福建卷 “短文改错”→“短文填词” →“短文改错” 2、全国卷 2013年前,对标题号的每一行做出判断。 2013年起,每句中最多有两处。

2013年前“短文改错”的要求
第四部分:写作(共两节,满分35分) 第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误,对标题号的每一行做出判断:如无错误,在该 行右边的横线上划(√);如果有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改 正。 此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜 线划掉。 此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),在该行右边横线上写出该加的 词。 此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。 注意:原行没有错的不要改。

2004福建卷短文改错
I have a good friend who’s name is Liu Mei. She is our monitor and one of the excellent students in our class. Clever as she is, but she works very hard. We have a lot on common and have a lot to talk about. One evening she told me that something happened when her parents was out. She was doing her homeworks one Sunday morning when she smelt something burning. She stopped look out 76.________ whose 77.________ √ but 78 .________ in 79.________ were 80 .________ homework 81. ________ 82.________ to

of the window and find a cloud of smoke coming out
of her neighbor’s house. She called 119 immediate. Ten minutes later, the firemen came and put out fire. Her neighbor

︿

found 83.________
84 . ________ immediately the 85 .________

was very thankful for her help.

︿

2012全国卷短文改错
Every one of us can make a great efforts to cut off the use of energy in our country. To begin with, all of us can start reducing to the use of oil by driving only when we have a real need. That won’t be easy, I know, but we have to start anywhere. What’s more, we can go to work by bike once and twice a week, and we can also buy smaller cars that burn less oil. Other way is to watch our 76. _________ a down 77. _________ 78. _________ to 79. _________ 80. somewhere _________ or 81.__________ 82. __________ Another electricity 83. __________



everyday use of water and electric at home. For example,

how many times have you walked out of a room and leave the 84. __________ left lights or television when no one else was there?

︿

on 85. __________

2、2013起全国卷“短文改错”的要求
第四部分 写作 第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同 桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每 处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:把缺词处加个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

2013全国卷短文改错
I hardly remember my grandmother. She used to holding me on her knees and sing hold old songs. I was only four when she passes away. She is just a distant memory for me now. passed

I remember my grandfather very much. He was tall, with broad shoulder and a well/clearly shoulders beard that turned from black toward gray over the years. He had a deep voice, which to/into set himself apart from others in our small town, he was strong and powerful. In a fact, and him he even scared my classmates away during they came over to play or do homework

︿

when with me. However, he was the gentlest man I have never known. ever

2014全国卷短文改错
Nearly five years before, and with the help by our father, my sister and I planted ago of some cherry tomatoes (圣女果) in our back garden. Since then—for all these year—we years had been allowing tomatoes to self-seed where they please. As result, the plants are have a growing somewhere. The fruits are small in size, but juicy and taste. There are so much everywhere tasty many that we often share them with our neighbors. Although we allow tomato plants to grow in the same place year after year, but we have never had any disease or insect attack 或把but改为yet problems. We are growing wonderfully tomatoes at no cost! wonderful

︿

2015全国卷短文改错

thought When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city. I think I would be happy there. Now

︿ the

and

I am living in a city, but Iwith miss my home in countryside. There the air is clean or the

mountains are green. Unfortunately, on the development of industrialization, the
environment has been polluted. Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has serious air Many

already become a very seriously problem. The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier. find our
Much rare animals are dying out. We must found ways to protect your environment. If we

三、近3年全国卷“短文改错”特点分析
1、第一人称记叙文; 2、词数为108、106和105; 3、文字浅显易懂,没有生僻或超纲词; 4、句子结构简单,基本上是简单句或并不复杂的

复合句;
5、设题主要是学生常见错误。

时态:13: passes→passed I was only four when… 14: had been allowing→have been allowing 15: think→thought When I was a child, 15: have been shown → have shown
名词:13: shoulder→shoulders broad shoulders 14: year→years for all these years 15: airs→air The air we breathe in is… 词形:14: taste→tasty but juicy and tasty wonderfully→wonderful tomatoes 15: seriously→serious a serious problem

短语:13:remember sb. very much→well/clearly 14:nearly five years before → nearly five years ago with the help by our father → with the help of our father 15:on the development of → with the development of 代词:13:himself→him set sb. apart 15: your→our We …to protect our environment.

冠词: 13: in a fact → in fact 14: as result →as a result 15: in countryside → in the countryside

其它:14: 15: 13: 14: 15:

much → many There are so many that… much → many Many rare animals… never → ever I have ever known. somewhere → everywhere must found→must find

句型: 13: He had a deep voice, which set himself apart from others in our small town, he was strong and powerful. →and he was strong and powerful.
In fact, he even scared my classmates away during they came over to play or do homework with me. →when they came over to play or do homework with me. 14: Although we allow tomato plants to grow in the same place year after year, but we have never had any disease or insect attack problems. →we have never had any disease or insect attack problems.

四、短文改错指导建议
?

2015年《考试说明》中对写作部分(1)的考核目

标与要求是:准确使用语法词汇。
?

学生通过错误改正、缺词添加、多词删除三种形式

修正文章中的错误。
?

一般设置多词1-2个,少词1-2个,改词6-8个。

1、基础为本
?

(1)语法教与学,基础为本。
(2)词组记与用,基础为主。 (3)词形思与辨,基础为重 。

2、能力为重
(1)学会观察 We are growing wonderfully tomatoes at no cost! wonderful Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problem. serious

I was only four when she passes away. passed

(2)学会思考
13: He had a deep voice, which set himself apart from others in our small town, ︿he was strong and powerful. and In fact, he even scared my classmates away during when they came over to play or do homework with me. 14: Although we allow tomato plants to grow in the same place year after year, but we have never had any disease or insect attack problems.

(3)学会改错 with the help of with the development as a result in the countryside in fact 13: However, he was the gentlest man I have never known. ever

14: As a result, the plants are growing somewhere. everywhere

Thank you !


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