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2019版高考英语一轮复习精选题辑:七选五·专练(一) Word版含解析_图文

专练(一) Test 1 (2018· 南宁市高三摸底考试) Everyone knows how important trees are to the wellbeing of the earth.__1__ By providing shade for people to enjoy time outside ,trees can shade our homes to keep them cooler in the summertime.They can hide unsightly(不美观的)views,reduce noise from nearby roads,and serve as windbreaks.Many types also produce flowers and fruit.These tall plants simply make our homes and neighborhoods more attractive. Choosing Trees __2__ Planting a tree is a longterm project.Large shade varieties, especially, take a long time to grow.And once planted, they are difficult to move.Trees can also be a significant financial investment , so it's important to choose wisely. __3__ You may not have room to grow all the types you want to try.So take the time to choose a plant you like that also will grow well in the conditions you can provide.Trees vary widely in their need for space, light,and soil conditions. Care Once you've made a choice,you'll need to prepare your site for planting.You may need to clear the area of other vegetation and improve the soil with organic matter such as fertilizer and nutrients.If you plant a tree yourself,carefully follow the instructions given by the nursery or read “How to Plant a Tree”.__4__ Providing proper care after it's planted is also important.__5__ Feed regularly, water deeply, and prune(修剪) them carefully, so they become strong and healthy.Mature plants usually don't need to be watered or fertilized. A.They also provide homes for wildlife. B.Your success depends on proper planting. C.Many yards have space for only a few large plants. D.Young plants should be babied for the first few years. E.They develop large root systems and can grow by themselves. F.When you are planting trees,it's wise to plan your selections carefully. G.But do you know there are also many advantages of growing them in your own yard? 【解题导语】本文是一篇说明文,主要介绍了种树的一些注意事 项。 【段意梳理】 第一部分:总述树的益处。 第二部分:要谨慎地选择所种的树。 第三部分:种好树要进行适当的照料。 1.G 空前讲述的是树对地球的重要性,空后讲述的是树给人 们及其住所提供的诸多好处,前后意思上存在轻微的转折;且下文主 要讲述的是如何自己种树,故选项 G 与此处匹配。 2.F 该部分的主题为 Choosing Trees,主要讲述的是要谨慎地 选择所种的树,故 F 项与此处匹配。下文中的“so it's important to choose wisely”亦是提示。 3.C 根据空后内容可知,你可能没有足够的空间来种所有你 想种的树,所以要选择能在你所能提供的条件中良好生长的树。空后 内容围绕“空间”展开,故 C 项与此处匹配。 4.B 根据空前一句“If you plant a tree yourself, carefully follow the instructions given by the nursery or read‘How to Plant a Tree’”可 知,自己种树时遵循指南很重要,空处承接上文,故选项 B 与此处 匹配。 5.D 空前一句讲的是种好树后适当的照料很重要,空后一句 叙述了具体的照料方法, 空处连接上下文; 末句中的“Mature plants” 与此处形成对比, 由此可推断空处讲的是对未成熟的植株的照

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