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高二期中复习英语练习题 2014年11月18日


2014 年 11 月 18 日

第一节:多项选择(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21.In order to speed up economic development, the government decides to _____approval procedure for investment project and increase working efficiency. A. multiply B. simplify C. update D. clarify 22.People say “ Guilin’s scenery is peerless in the world .” It was not until I visited the place that I found it really worthy of the _______. A. attraction B. devotion C. reputation D. admission 23.Technological developments such as Massive Open Online Courses make higher education more ___________ and effective for adult learners, but create challenges for traditional schools. A. acceptable B. available C. dependable D. accessible 24.In some western countries, people enjoy high levels of __________, get satisfied and do not have a new target, which nevertheless is the basic element for future. A. project B. institute C. behavior D. welfare 25.If you have trouble remembering all your passwords, download these applications to help_________ your mental workload. A. deepen B. broaden C. lighten D. sharpen 26.With the public environmental consciousness strengthened, products makers are competing to make their products green friendly in order to_______ the public. A. watch out B. appeal to C. account for D. crowd in 27.There is no doubt that he is a very ______ man; he always thinks very carefully whenever he makes a decision. A. aggressive B. sensitive C. energetic D. cautious 28.The teacher will call your parents to _____ whether you have imitated your parents’ voices on the cell phone. A. consult B. conclude C. convince D. confirm 29.After obtaining a specific college degree, a job applicant can be competitive for ____ unavailable jobs. A. previously B. personally C. slightly D. briefly 30.Against the public panic caused by recent air crashes, a Singapore Airlines spokesman says the airline has had security measures _______ on board. A. in relief B. at ease C. in place D. at risk 第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最 佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Old Friends They finish your sentences, they remember the cat that ran away when you were twelve, and they tell you the truth when you’ve had a bad haircut. But mostly, they are always there for you — whether it’s in person or 31 late night phone calls — in good times and 32 . But as the years pass, it becomes increasingly 33 to see each other, to make new memories. 34 , my high school friends and I promised long ago not to let this happen. We promised to have reunions. A few months ago, we met up for a two-day 35 in the American Southwest. We grew up together in Maine and have said for years that we should have a(n) 36 event, yet it’s often put off or 37 due to schedule conflicts. Not this year. The weekend 38 long talks by the pool, wonderful meals, and a hike that brought the entire group to 39 . Not tears of sadness or anger, but an outpouring of emotion over the complete wonderment that we can be this close — twelve years after graduation — with such physical 40 between us. It’s heartbreaking that we can’t spend our days together in the same neighborhood, walking the same streets, reading the same newspaper at the same coffee shop. But that’s 41 . Grown-up life. Most 42 is the group’s adaptability to one another. The time we spend 43 is non-existent. No need to get reacquainted (重新熟悉), we jump back in the saddle (车座) and it’s as comfortable as ever. Old friends — friends with an ever-present 44 of support and sisterhood, friends that know each other innately (天生地) — are hard to come by and yet we remain as 45 today as we were, years ago, giggling in the back row of Mr. McKechnie’s 9th grade math class. Life today, 46 , is no math class. Our world is full of 47 , full of fear. Yet it 48 me — now, more than ever — how important it is that we stay 49 . We may have questions about our future, but we have true faith in our past, and though this 50 of friends has come to a close, we are already drawing up plans for the next one. 31.A. at B. for C. through D. above 32.A. bad B. convenient C. happy D. lucky 33.A. smooth B. unpopular C. difficult D. easy 34. A. Fortunately B. Obviously C. ImportantlyD. Accidentally
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35.A . weekend B. meeting C. party D. weekday 36.A. annual B. unusual C. excited D. important 37.A. damaged B. destroyed C. cancelled D. changed 38.A. consisted of B. made up C. aimed at D. resulted in 39.A. happiness B. excitement C. sadness D. tears 40.A. condition B. differenceC. contact D. distance 41.A. truth B. life C. theory D. fact 42. A. amazing B. disappointing C. embarrassing D. confusing 43.A. on B. away C. off D. apart 44.A. imagination B. sense C. idea D. duty 45.A. close B. interestedC. relaxed D. regretful 46.A. however B. therefore C. besides D. somehow 47.A. doubt B. aims C. confidence D. differences 48.A. informs B. reminds C. persuades D. warns 49.A. in charge B. in brief C. in person D. in touch 50.A. appointment B. conversation C. reunion D. party 第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每篇短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A My brother-in-law opened the bottom drawer of my sister's bureau(衣橱) and picked out a wonderful skirt. “Jan bought this the first time we went to New York, at least 8 or 9 years ago. She never wore it. She was saving it for a special occasion.” Well, I guess this is the occasion. He took the skirt from me and put it on the bed. His hands touched the soft ma terial for a moment, and then he shut the drawer and turned to me, “Don’t ever save anything for a special occasion. Every day you’re alive is a special occasion.” I’m still thinking about his words, and they’ve changed my attitude to life. I’m spending more time with my family and friends and less time on committee meetings. Whenever possible, life should be a pattern of exp erience to enjoy, not suffer. I’m trying to recognize these moments now and treasure them. “Someday” and “one of these days” are being lost from my vocabulary. If it’s worth seeing or hearing or doing, I want to see and hear and do it now. I’m not sure what my sister would have done if she had known she wouldn’t have tomorrow. I think she would have called family members and a few close friends. She might have called a few former friends to apologize and mend her fences for past things. I like to think she would have gone out for a Chinese dinner, her favorite food. If I knew that my hours were limited ,those little things left undone would make me angry. Angry because I put off seeing good friends whom I was going to get in touch with some day. Angry and sorry because I didn ’t tell my husband and daughter often enough how much I truly love them. I’m trying very hard not to put off, hold back, or save anything that would add laughter to our lives. And every morning when I open my eyes, I tell myself that every day, every minute, every breath truly, is... a gift from God. 51.Jan bought the wonderful skirt but didn’t wear it because______. A. she saved it until she grew older B. she wanted to keep it as a sweet memory C. she wanted to wear it on special occasions D. she kept it as a special gift for someone else 52.Which of the following is not the writer’s attitude to life? A. spending more time staying with family B. attending social activities as often as possible C. enjoying life and valuing every day D. trying to get along well with friends 53.Which of the following can best explain the expression underlined “mend her fences for past things” in Paragraph 3 ? A. keep her promise B. break her word C. give up her point of view D. try to be friendly again with someone 54.The passage is intended chiefly to _______ A. warn people to treasure every day and find the meaning of life B. encourage people to be hard on themselves for a bright future. C. tell people how to get rid of being angry and sorry in life. D. persuade people to care for themselves more than others. B A person, like a commodity(商品), needs packaging. But going too far is absolutely undesirable. A little exaggeration(夸张), however, does no harm when it shows the person’s unique qualities to their advantages. To show personal attractiveness in a casual and natural way, it is important for one to have a clear knowledge of oneself. A skilled packager knows how to add art to nature without any
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signs of embellishment(装饰), so that the person to be packaged is not a commodity but a human being, lively and lovely. A young person, especially a female, shining with beauty and full of life, has all the favor granted by God. Any attempt to make up would be self-defeating. Youth, however, comes and goes in a flash. Packaging for the middle-aged is primarily to hide the marks made by years. If you still enjoy life enough to keep self-confidence and work at pioneering work, you are unique in your natural qualities, and your attractiveness and grace will remain. Elderly people are beautiful if their river of life has been through plains, mountains and jungles, running its course as it should. You have really lived your life, which now arrives at a self-satisfied stage of quietness and calmness with no interest in fame or wealth. There is no need to make use of hair dyeing. The snow-capped mountain is itself a beautiful scene of fairyland. Let your looks change from young to old in step with the natural aging process so as to keep in harmony(和谐)with nature for harmony itself is beauty, while the other way round will only end in unpleasantness. To be in the elder’s company is like reading a thick book of deluxe ( better quality) edition that attracts one so much as to be unwilling to part with. As long as one finds where one stands, one knows how to package oneself, just as a commodity sets up its brand by the right packaging. 55.The passage mainly tells us ________ . A. people should be packed at all ages B. proper packing makes people attractive C. elderly people also care about packing D. people should be packed in a special way 56.According to the author, if you want to keep in harmony with nature, you should ________ . A. dye your hair regularly B. make up at a young age C. give up fame and wealth D. follow the aging process 57.For the middle-aged, attractiveness ________ . A. comes from the inside B. comes from the appearance C. hardly exists D. is the strongest 58.The underlined sentence means that elderly people ________ A. are usually packed like a finely-made book B. do a lot of traveling and can give you much information C. enjoy reading thick books of beautiful nature and fairyland D. have experienced a lot and have rich knowledge of life C The thing about the Internet of Things(物联网), which describes the near future in which all our devices and appliances are connected to the Internet---and one another---is that suddenly they’re vulnerable(脆弱的,易受伤害的) to the dark side of constant connectivity, too. Cyber security folks point out it “opens a Pandora’s Box of security and privacy risks that cannot be ignored,” writes Christophe Fabre, CEO of software services vendor(供应商) Axway. The security firm Proofpoint Inc. reports it has uncovered one of the first Internet of Things cyber attacks. Included in the attack were Smart TVs, wireless speakers and at least one refrigerator. It turns out refrigerators can send out emails, so just as your email can be hacked, your fridge can, too. “People should be concerned because unlike PCs and laptops where there are tools and user interfaces (用户界面) where you can tell if something is wrong, there’s not a lot to help you tell if your fridge or home audio system has been compromised,” says David Knight. Here’s how the company says it worked Hackers commandeered(强占) home routers and the like and used them to send out malicious(恶意的) emails to grow their botnet (僵尸网络), or army of infected devices. Botnets—and now, “ThingBots”—can be used by hackers to perform large-scale cyber attacks against websites by drowning them with traffic. So as consumers are beginning to buy Internet-connected appliances, Knight says they should consider the security of those devices, too. And that companies haven’t done enough to protect appliances from hacks. “Many of these devices, without picking on manufacturers, are running old software with known vulnerabilities. They’ve got very insecure default passwords like〔username〕 admin 〔password〕 admin,” Knight says. The net effect for consumers, he says—other than degraded machine performance because of compromised software —is that their machines will be busy sending malicious messages “instead of playing music or doing whatever they’re supposed to be doing,” he says. “They also might cease to function or not be reachable for their intended purpose. ” When a fridge was hacked, the firm said it didn’t peek. “We chose not to pry into the privacy of this person’s refrigerator,” Knight says. 59.What Fabre said in para.1 suggests that______. A. it is dangerous for all devices to be connected constantly. B. constant connectivity may cause devices to break down. C. a security box is needed for all appliances and devices.
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D. people ignore the risks of connecting the Internet. 60.What does the underlined word “compromised” mean? A. Exposed. B. Damaged. 61.Why do some people hack the refrigerator? A. To destroy the function of the refrigerator. C. To send a lot of messages to drown websites. 62.According to the text, a hacked smart TV______. A. won’t be able to be turned off all the time B. will spread harmful messages among viewers C. will be busy providing people with junk ads D. will fail to broadcast programmes as usual

C. Updated.

D. Connected.

B. To pry into the privacy of the owner. D. To know the contents of the refrigerator.

D To win an Oscar is an achievement at any age .To do so at 22,as Jennifer Lawrence has ,is just amazing.Recently, the American star won Best Actress at this year ’s Academy Awards for her role in the film The Silver Linings Playbook. According to Time magazine’s Richard Corliss , Lawrence is that rare young actress who “lends a mature intelligence to any ro1e” . Though Lawrence has found great success through her big screen work,Lawrence wasn’t sure what she really liked doing before the age of l4.She thought she’d go to college and may be find a career as a doctor or a travel agent. Lawrence’s two brothers were star athletes and one of them was a straight-A student. Unlike them, she suffered through school,never quite finding where she belonged.However,during a trip to New York,Lawrence suddenly realized that she wanted to be an actress. When she was enjoying the beautiful city, a model seeker asked if he could take her picture , and the next day he called her in for an audition(试镜). “I read the script(剧本)and it was the first time I had that feeling like I understand this ,”Lawrence said. “Within 20 minutes, in the cab ride from the hotel room, I decided I didn’t want to be a model. In fact, I wanted to be an actress.” Having appreciated this young lady’s performance, the agency was so impressed with her reading that they signed her on the spot. But she insisted on finishing high school so she could give her full attention to her acting career . Lawrence burst onto the Hollywood scene last year with The Hunger Games, which established her as the highest-grossing(票房最高的)female action hero of all time .Rolling Stone called her “the most talented young actress in America”. 63.What can we know about Jennifer Lawrence from Paragraph 3? A.She seemed not to fit in with her school days well. B.She knew clearly what she wanted to do. C.Her two brothers were doing well in all school subjects . D.Her school performance made her today’s fame. 64.Lawrence made up her mind to be an actress because of A.the model seeker’s encouragement B. the beautiful scenery of New York C.a model interview D. her brothers’ examples 65.From the text we can know that Lawrence is an actress of great ____________. A.confidence B.ambition C.independence D.talent 66.What is the best title of the text? A.Winning Young B.Following Dreams C.Choosing Early D.Acting Wisely E What is your recovery rate? How long does it take you to recover from actions and behaviors that upset you? Minutes? Hours? Days? Weeks? The longer it takes you to recover, the more influence that incident has on your actions, and the less able you are to perform to your personal best. You are well aware that the faster you let go of an issue that upsets you, the faster you return to an equilibrium, the healthier you will be. The best example of this behavior is found with professional sports people. They know that the faster they can forget an incident or missed opportunity and get on with the game, the better their performance. Imagine yourself to be an actor in a play on the stage. Your aim is to play your part to the best of your ability. You have been given a script(剧本) and at the end of each sentence is a full stop. Each time you get to the end of the sentence you start a new one and although the next sentence is related to the last, it is not affected by it. Your job is to deliver each sentence to the best of your ability.

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Don’t live your life in the past! Learn to live in the present, to overcome the past. Stop the past from influencing your daily life. Don’t allow thoughts of the past to reduce your personal best. Stop the past from interfering with your life. Learn to recover quickly. Remember Rome wasn’t built in a day. Reflect on your recovery rate each day. Every day before you go to bed, look at your progress. Don’t lie in bed saying to you, “I did that wrong.” “I should have done better there.” No. look at your day and note when you made an effort to place a full stop after an incident. This is a success. You are taking control of your life. Remember this is a step- by- step process. You are undertaking real change here. Your aim reduce the time spent in recovery. 67.The underlined word equilibrium in Paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ________ A. An abnormal level B. A sad mood C. An exciting state D. A balanced mind 68.According to the text, which of the following statements is NOT true? A. If you spend more time recovering, the incident will be more likely to influence you. B. If you spend more time recovering, you are less likely to perform to your personal best. C. As for sportsmen, the faster they can forget a lost chance, the worse their performance will be. D. We can’t reduce the time spent in recovery in a day, for it’s a step-by-step process. 69.In which part of a newspaper can we most probably read the passage? A. Life-fun B. Geography C. Travel D. Business 70.According to the text, what is likely to be discussed in the following paragraph? A. An example of the influence the incident has on us. B. An example of how to live in the present. C. An example of reducing the time spent in recovery. D. An example of how to overcome the past. 第四部分:书面表达(共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节:完成句子(共 10 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下列各小题,根据汉语提示,用句末括号内的英语单词完成句子,并将答案写在答 题卡上的相应题号后。 71.___________________________________ was that several students had gained admission to the top universities even when they were still Senior 2. (amaze) 让我们吃惊的是竟有几个学生在高二的时候就已经被名校录取了。 72.______________________ by her classmates, the new girl felt embarrassed with her cheek red.(trick) 受到同学们的捉弄,这个新的女孩尴尬地脸红了。 73.______________________________ cost the young man his marriage as well as his health. (addict) 沉溺于电脑游戏让这个年轻人付出了婚姻和健康的代价。 74.His answer was so confused that hardly_______________________________ it at all.(sense) 他的答案很不清楚,我根本不能弄懂。 75.I can’t help thinking what it is in the computer games ________________________ the boys.(appeal) 我禁不住想,电脑游戏中到底是什么吸引了这些男孩子。 76.So __________________________that he makes up his mind to apply for admission to a music college.(crazy) 他如此热衷于音乐以致于他决定申请一所音乐院校。 77.But for the fact that he ________________________a key university, he wouldn ’t be studying in the cookery school now. (admit) 要不是因为他没有被一所重点大学录取,他现在就不会在厨师学校学习了。 78.The problem concerning food security _____________________ at the meeting are really tough to settle. (discuss) 即将在会上讨论的有关食品安全的问题确实很难解决。 79.I suppose by the time I come back in ten years ’ time, all these old houses ________________.(pull) 我想十年后我回时,所有这些老房子都会拆掉。 80.He used to go to the old small village with his grandparents, ______________________he didn ’t know how to get there at all.(guidance) 他过去常常和他祖父母一起去那个古老的小村庄,没有他们的带领,他根本就不知道如何 到那里。 第二节:短文写作(共 1 题;满分 30 分) 请根据以下提示,并结合具体事例,用英语写一篇短文。 In English, there is a proverb “Promise is debt.” That is to say, a promise cannot be taken back once it is made. 注意:①无须写标题; ②除诗歌外,文体不限; ③内容必须结合你生活中的具体事例;
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④文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称; ⑤词数不少于120,如引用提示语则不计入总词数。

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