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选修八 U3 Alexander Graham Bell公开课_图文

【 Using language】 Alexander Graham Bell

lead-in

Discussion

? How do you communicate with others, especially those far away from you? ? Computer/ internet/ QQ/ e-mail/Writing letters/telegraph/Telephone…

~Do you know who invent the first telephone? ~What do you know about him?

Alexander Graham Bell

an inventor (1819 ~1905) / born in Scotland and later lived in the USA /spent much of his career teaching the deaf/ best known for his invention of the telephone.

Companies often have the word "Bell" as part of their name to honor him. The very first phone call was from Bell to his lab assistant, and he said "Mr. Watson-come here ---I want to see you."

Reading Task 1: skimming ---5’ some general information of Bell.

Time In 1847

Information He was born.

When he was His family moved to young Boston, USA. 11 years old He made his first invention. In 1876 75 years old
He invented the first telephone

He made his last invention.

【useful expressions】从文中划出以下短语P25 【para.1】 1使他发明了麦克风
lead him to invent the microphone

【para.2】 1 踩出来的路,平路 the beaten track 2 走进树林 dive into the woods 【para. 3】 1 开始着手发明电话
set out to invent the telephone 2 一系列敲击出来的点a series of dots tapped out

【the last para.】 1 和…..联系在一起

be associated with …

1 dive into…

(1) He dived into the river from the bridge to save a drowning child .
Jump into the water(跳水) (2) He dives into music and compose many beautiful songs. devote oneself to(投入, 潜心研究)

(3) He dived into his pockets and took out one Yuan. put one’s hand into (迅速把手伸入

Alexander Graham Bell Alexander Graham Bell, ______ (bear) in born 1847, is a great inventor. He invented the mircophone to help (help) deaf people ______ communicate. He once said, “leave the ________ (beat) track occasionally and dive beaten _____ the woods.” It was his curiositythat ______ into led ____ his most famous invention – the to telephone. He was also the man who/that ______ discovered the tetrahedron shape. He was indeed ____ continuing searcher after a ___________(practice) solutions to improve the practical quality of everybody’s life.How great an _____ inventor he is!

【exercises】

(1) 这就是他正在潜心研究的那个项目吗?
Is this the project (that/which) he is diving into? (2) He ____ his career and made a great B contribution to our country. A. dived himself into 【注意】潜心研究 …… B. devoted himself to dive into ... C. dived to = devote oneself to ... D. devoted to = be devoted to

diver (3) Guo Jingjing is a famous _________ (dive) . 潜水员,跳水者

2 Every time you do you will be certain to find something… 【注意】 名词短语或副词起连词作用 相类似的有 (1) 与次数(time) 有关的短语 第一次 the first time 最后一次 the last time next time 下次 (2) “一……就…….” the instant / moment / minute / second immediately, instantly, directly

【exercises】
1 【translation】一看到这些照片,我就会想起 我们一起的日子。 I will think of the days when we were together the moment I see the photos. 2.--Did you remember to give Mary the money you owed her? B -- Yes, I gave it to her_________I saw her. A. while B. immediately C.suddenly D.once

3 Bell is often associated with the invention of telephone. 【搭配】 be associated with … be linked to, be connected with 与…..有关
【translation】健康常常和运动有关。 Health is often associated with sports. 【拓展】 People often associate health with sports. associate A with B 把A和B联系起来

【translation】人们经常把成功和努力联系起来. People often associate success with hardwork. Success is often associated with hard work.

【拓展】 (1) Then I got a new job and a great many associates. (2) I benefited a lot from my association with him. associate: n 伙伴,同伴 association : n 联系,联想,协会 【exercise】 “NBA” is short for “National Basketball Association ____________”.

【Quiz】key phrases B 1 (1) They held hands in public ______. C (2) I thought her nice and honest_____I met her. A.first time B.for the first time C.the first time D.by the first time

2 After the earthquake, people set _____ about rebuilding their homes.

is associated 3 Summer _____________ (associate) with swimming. 4 青蛙一下子钻进了水池里。
All of a sudden, the frog dived into the pool.

【闪光句】标出文中你认为写得较好的句型

1 定语从句
2 名词性从句 (主从,宾从,表从,同位语从) 3 强调句 4 非谓语做定语,状语,补语 5 省略句 6 祈使句 7 so … that … 结果状语从句

8 …so that…目的状语从句

【闪光句1】 It was not until five days later that Bell sent his first telephone message to his assistant Watson. 【not until的强调句】 (1) It be + not until n/句子+ that … (2) Not until five days later did Bell send his first telephone message to his assistant Watson. Not until n/句子+半倒装 【仿写】(1) We can not leave until 12:00.(强调 句和倒装句) It is not until 12:00 that we can leave. Not until 12:00 can we leave.

D (2) Not until _________________. A. did I arrive did the meeting begin B. did I arrive the meeting began. C. I arrived the meeting began D. I arrived did the meeting begin

【闪光句 2】Being very stable, it has proved invaluable in the design of bridges. 【语法结构】(being) + adj 做原因状语 【仿写】由于生病了,他呆在家里。 (Being) ill, he stayed at home. 【辨析】 Tired ________(tire) of the tiring speech, Mr. Smith started to read a novel. 由动词过去分词或现在分词演变而来的形容词ed/-ing,即使做原因状语,也不加being, 常见的有: prepared, lost/absorbed, caught/stuck/trapped, seated, dressed … 【仿写】沉迷于思考中,他撞到了一棵树。 Lost/Absorbed in thought, he ran into a tree.

【Quiz】 句型练习 1--Did Jack come back early last night? --Yes, it was not yet eight o’clock B ______ he arrived home. (05 福建) A. before B. when C. that D. unitl
C 2 . ________ to complete the job on time, they set out to work immediately. A. Being determined B. Having determined C. Determined D. To be determined

【translation】 (1)一天,牛顿在实验室里潜心于研究。 dive into… (2) 他一开始做实验就忘记了周围的一切。 set out to do, the second (3) 直到下午才意识到自己没吃午饭。

not until…

(4) 他正沉迷于思考, 所以把自己的手表放进了锅(pan) lost in thought…. 里。 (5) 今天人们也常常把牛顿和专注(concentration)联 associate A with B 系在一起。

be associated with

(1)一天,牛顿在实验室里潜心于研究。(dive into)

One day, Newton dived into research in his lab.

(2) 他一开始做实验就忘记了周围的一切。(set out to do, the second)
The second he set out to do his experiment, he forgot everything around him.

(3) 直到下午才意识到自己没吃午饭。(not until) It was not until the afternoon that he realized he had not had lunch.

(4)他正沉迷于思考, 所以把自己的手表放进了锅 里(pan)。( lost in thought ) (Because he was) lost in thought, he put his watch into the pan.

(5) 今天人们也常常把牛顿和专注(concentration) 联系在一起。(be associated with, associate A with B)

Newton is often associated with concentration now.

One day, Newton dived into research in his lab. The second he set out to do his experiment, he forgot everything around him. It was not until the afternoon that he realized he had not had lunch. Lost in thought, he put his watch into the pan. Newton is often associated with concentration now.

Task three---Summary
? Summing up the text ----about 30 words. (5’) ? Key words Alexander Graham Bell an inventor/ many inventions/the telephone// curiosity / dynamic spirit/ continuing /efforts /in exploring around problem

Suggested answer
? With countless inventions, Alexander Graham Bell, a great inventor was particularly famous for the invention of telephone. His curiosity, dynamic spirit and continuing efforts in exploring problems is the key to his success. ? 34 words.

Post reading-----oral training
? ? ? ? ? ? ? task1--Translate the following questions. (5’) 1. 谁发明了电话? 2. 电话对人类有用吗?为什么? 3. 是什么使Alexander Graham Bell 成为一名伟 大的发明家?为什么? 4.Alexander Graham Bell 发明了许多东西吗? 5.为什么人们总记得他是电话的发明者? 6. 从Alexander Graham Bell 身上我们可以学到 什么? task II---work in pairs. (Ask & answer) 5’

?

? ? ? ?

1. 谁发明了电话? Who invented the telephone? 2. 电话对人类有用吗?为什么? Is telephone useful / beneficial to human society/ beings? Why? ? 3. 是什么使Alexander Graham Bell 成为一名伟大的发明家?为什么? ? What made Alexander Graham Bell a great inventor? Why?

? 4.Alexander Graham Bell 发明了许多东西 吗? ? Did Alexander Graham Bell invent a lot of things? ? 5.为什么人们总记得他是电话的发明者? ? Why will /is he always be remembered as the inventor of the telephone? ? 6. 从Alexander Graham Bell 身上我们可 以学到什么? ? What can/ do we learn from Alexander Graham Bell?

Task two---Reading comprehension
10’

? 1. What led him to invent the microphone? ? 2. What does his most famous saying mean? ? 3. What do you think led to his success of inventing the telephone? ? 4. What did he invent ? ? 5. Why will he be always remembered as the inventor of the telephone?

? 1. What led him to invent the microphone? ? His interest in helping deaf people communicate and deaf education. ? 2. What does his most famous saying mean? ? Beaten track/ dive into the woods ? It means that it is important to be experimental. By being curious and exploring around a subject you may by chance come up with some new and original ways of solving a problem.

? 3. What do you think led to his success as an inventor of the telephone? ? His curiosity and exploring spirit led to his success as an inventor of the telephone. ? 4. What did he invent? ? Besides microphone, he invented the telephone and the tetrahedron shape by chance , both of which are extremely useful and still used today.

? 5. Why will he be always remembered as the inventor of the telephone? ? Because it was very popular.

【homework】 1熟读文中带新单词的句子。


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