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【金版新学案】2014高考英语一轮总复习 课时作业12 Uni 6 Design 北师大版必修2


课时作业(十二)
Ⅰ.完形填空 (2012·淄博高三模拟)

必修 2

Unit 6

Design

When he was driving home one evening on a country road,he saw an old lady on the side of the road.He__1__in front of her car and got out.Even with the__2__on his face,she was worried.He looked poor and hungry.He knew__3__she felt.He said, “I am here to help you,madam.Why don’t you wait in the car where it’s warm? __4__,my name is Joe.” She had a__5__tire.Joe crawled under the car, changed the tire.But he got__6__and his hands hurt.She could not thank him__7__and asked him how much she__8__him.He told her that if she really wanted to__9__him back,the next time she saw someone who needed help,she could give that person the__10__they needed. She drove off.A few miles down the road the lady saw a small__11__.She went in.The waitress had a sweet smile,and was nearly eight months__12__.The old lady__13__how someone like her who seemed poor could be so kind to a__14__.Then she remembered Joe.After the lady finished her meal,the waitress went to get her__15__from a hundred?dollar bill.But she stepped right out the door. When the waitress came back,she noticed something__16__on a napkin (餐巾纸), “I am helping you because someone once helped me.If you really want to pay me back, here’s what you do—Do not let the__17__of love end with you.” That night when she got home,she was__18__the money and what the lady had written.She and her husband needed money with the baby__19__next month.She knew how worried her husband was , and as he lay__20__next to her , she whispered , “Everything’s going to be all right,I love you,Joe.” 1.A.stood C.stopped 2.A.anxiety C.sorrow 3.A.why C.what 4.A.By the way C.By chance 5.A.poor C.round 6.A.excited B.drove D.waved B.surprise D.smile B.how D.whether B.In addition D.In return B.flat D.used B.thirsty
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C.satisfied 7.A.much C.enough 8.A.returned C.owed 9.A.take C.hold 10.A.assistance C.expense 11.A.store C.cinema 12.A.elder C.pregnant 13.A.imagined C.wondered 14.A.woman C.tourist 15.A.receipt C.payment 16.A.written C.drawn 17.A.chain C.devotion 18.A.putting away C.turning in 19.A.ahead C.front 20.A.sleeping C.arguing Ⅱ.阅读理解 A

D.dirty B.however D.further B.lent D.appreciated B.pay D.charge B.money D.ability B.hospital D.restaurant B.experienced D.served B.doubted D.expected B.customer D.stranger B.change D.check B.printed D.copied B.relation D.story B.thinking about D.looking after B.extra D.due B.chatting D.drinking

(2012·山东省高三四市联考) The world is filled with smart,talented,educated and gifted people.We meet them every day.A few days ago,my car was not running well.I pulled it into a garage, and the young mechanic had it fixed in just a few minutes.He knew what was wrong
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by simply listening to the engine.I was a mazed.The sad truth is that great talent is not enough. I am constantly shocked at how little talented people earn.I heard the other day that less than 5 percent of Americans earn more than $100,000 a year.A business consultant who specializes in the medical, trade told me how many doctors and dentists struggled financially.It was this business consultant who gave me the phrase,“They are one skill away from great wealth.” There is an old saying that goes,“Job means ‘just over broke (破产)’.” And unfortunately,I would say that the saying applies to millions of people.Because school does not think financial intelligence is intelligence,and most workers “live_within_their_means”.They work and they pay the bills.Instead I recommend young people to seek work for what they will learn,more than what they will earn. When I ask the class I teach,“How many of you can cook a better hamhurger than McDonald’s?” almost all the students raise their hands.I then ask,“So if most of you can cook a better hamburger,how come McDonald’s makes more money than you?” The answer is obvious:McDonald’s is excellent at business systems.The reason why so many talented people are poor is that they focus on making a better hamburger but know little or nothing about business systems.The world is filled with talented poor people.They focus on perfecting their skills at making a better hamburger rather than the skills of selling and delivering the hamburger. 1.The author mentions the mechanic in the first paragraph to show that________. A.he is just one of the talented people B.he is ready to help others C.he has a sharp sense of hearing D.he knows little about car repairing 2 . The underlined part in the third paragraph can be best replaced by “________”. A.spend more than they can afford B.do in their own way C.live in their own circle D.live within what they earn 3.Why do talented people earn so little according to the au thor? A.They don’t work hard enough. B.They lack financial intelligence. C.They don’t make full use of their talents.
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D.They have no specialized skills. 4.The success of McDonald’s lies in its________. A.skills at making hamburgers B.good business systems C.talented workers D.excellent service 5.The main purpose of the author is to tell us________. A.how yo ung people can find a satisfactory job B.what schools should teach students C.why so many talented people are poor D.how McDonald’s makes much money B (2012·陕西省五校第一次模拟) Starting the day on an egg could keep your blood pressure (血 压) under control, research suggests.Scientists have shown that eggs produce proteins with a function similar to that of powerful blood pressure?lowering drugs. The research,from the University of Alberta in Canada,showed that when eggs come in contact with stomach enzymes (酶) they produce a protein that acts in the same way as ACE_inhibitors,but more work is needed to show the effects outside a lab and in the human body. Earlier this month,British researchers declared that,contrary to popular beliefs,it is healthy to go to work on an egg.They concluded that the type of cholesterol (胆固醇) found in eggs has little effect on increasing heart disease risks. Researcher Professor Bruce Griffin,from the University of Surrey,said:“The wrong beliefs linking egg eating to high blood cholesterol and heart disease must be corrected.The amount of fat in our diet has an effect on blood cholesterol that is several times greater than the relatively small amounts of cholesterol found in eggs.The UK public do not need to be limiting the number of eggs they eat.They can be encouraged to include them in a healthy diet as they are one of nature’s most nutritious foods.” The British Heart Foundation dropped its three?egg?a?week limit in

2005.However,almost half of Britons believe the limit still applies. 6.From the text we know that “ACE inhibitors” are________. A.a kind of medicine B.a kind of protein
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C.a kind of illness

D.a kind of food

7.According to what Professor Bruce said,eggs________. A.are the most nutritious food B.have no effect on blood eholesterol C.can be included in a healthy diet D.are forbidden to be eaten in the UK 8.We can infer from the text that________. A.drugs to lower blood pressure will be replaced by eating eggs B.stomach enzymes mixed with eggs can cure heart diseases C.most B ritons agree the three?egg?a?week limit should be dropped D.about 50% of Britons think eating an egg a day is bad for their health 9.The text is meant________. A.to introduce scientific findings about eggs B.to introduce a medicine made from eggs C.to tell people how to lower their blood pressure D.to advicse people to eat as many eggs as possible

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课时作业(十二) Ⅰ.完形填空 语篇解读: 本文是一篇记叙文。 一个年轻人黑夜中帮助一位陌生的老太太换瘪了的轮 胎而不计任何报酬, 而老太太又把这种无私的帮助传递给一个怀孕的准妈妈。 令人惊喜的是, 这个准妈妈就是那个年轻人的妻子。 作者通过这样一个感人的故事启迪我们: 把爱传递下去, 这个世界会更美好! 1.解析: 句意为:他在她的车前停下,然后走出来。与前文“he was driving”和 之后的“got out”相呼应,四个选项中只有 stop 符合句意。 答案: C 2.解析: 句意为:即使他面带微笑,她还是有些担忧。根据 even 可知,前后表示的 意思是转折的概念,即所选词与 worried 相反,故答案 D,smile 微笑,符合文意。 答案: D 3.解析: 句意为:他知道她是怎么(how)想的。why 意为“为什么”,what 意为“什 么”,whether 意为“是否”,均不符合语境。 答案: B 4.解析: 句意为:顺便说一下(by the way),我叫 Joe。in addition 意为“除此之 外”,by chance 意为“偶然”,in return 意为“作为回报”,均不符合语境。 答案: A 5. 解析: 句意为: 她的车轮胎瘪(flat 平的、 扁的)了, 与下句“Joe changed the tire” 相呼应。poor 意为“穷的”,round 意为“圆的”,used 意为 “用过的”,均不符合语境。 答案: B 6.解析: 句意为:但是他弄脏(dirty)了,而且手也受伤了。很明显在车子底下换轮 胎,弄脏是不可避免的,故 D 符合文意。excited 意为“兴奋的”,thirsty 意为“渴的”, satisfied 意为“满意的”,均不符合语境。 答案: D 7. 解析: 句意为: 她没有太(enough 足够地)感谢他, 问他收多少钱。 与下句“how much she...him”相呼应,可知此处老太太认为,你为我服务,我付你钱,没有什么需要感谢的, 故 C 符合语境。 much 意为“多”, 修饰名词, 不修饰动词。 however 意为“无论如何”, further 意为“进一步”,均不符合语境。 答案: C 8.解析: 句意为:她应付他多少钱。与“how much”相呼应,此处是与钱有关,且 own 意为“欠钱”,符合文意。return 意为“归还”,lend 意为“借钱”,appreciate 意 为“欣赏、感激”,均不符合语境。 答案: C 9. 解析: 句意为: 他告诉她说如果她真的想偿还(pay...back)他??与下文中的“If
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you really want to pay me back”相呼应。take 意为“拿回”,hold 意为“抑制”,charge 意为“收费”,均不符合语境。 答案: B 10.解析: 句意为:下一次她看到某人需要帮助,她能给这个人他们需要的帮助

(assistance)。与本句中的“who needed help”相呼应。money 意为“钱”,expense 意 为“费用”,ability 意为“能力”,均不符合语境。 答案: A 11.解析: 句意为:她驱车离开了。沿路行驶了几英里后,她看到了一个小餐馆

(restaurant)。由下文提到的“the waitress”以及“her meal”可知,那个老太太来到了 一个餐馆。store 意为“商店”,hospital 意为“医院”,cinema 意为“电影院”,均不 符合语境。 答案: D 12.解析: 句意为:那个几乎有八个月身孕的女侍者面带甜甜的微笑。根据下文中的 “with the baby”可知,那个女侍者怀孕(pregnant)了。elder 意为“上年纪的”, experienced 意为“有经验的”,served 意为“服务的”,均不符合语境。 答案: C 13.解析: 句意为: 那个老太太想知道(wonder)像她这样清贫的人怎么能如此地和 善。imagine 意为“想象”,doubt 意为“怀疑”,expect 意为“期望”,均不符合语境。 答案: C 14.解析: 句意为:??对一个陌生人如此和善。对于女侍者来讲,她是第一次遇到 老太太,因此老太太是很多陌生顾客中的一个。这与老太太遇到陌生的好心人 Joe 相呼应。 woman 意为“女性”,customer 意为“顾客”,tourist 意为“旅游者”,均不符合语境。 答案: D 15.解析: 句意为:在老太太用过餐之后,服务员去拿她给的 100 美元所找的零钱 (change)。receipt 意为“收据”,payment 意为“ 账单”,check 意为“账单”,均不符 合语境。 答案: B 16.解析: 句意为: 她注意到餐巾纸上写的文字。由下文中的“what the lady had written”可知答案。 答案: A 17.解析: 句意为:如果你想报答我的话,这就是你要做的——把爱传递下去。chain 意为“链子”,relation 意为“联系”,devotion 意为“热爱、投入”,story 意为“故 事”。四个选项中,只有 chain,即“爱之链”符合句意。 答案: A 18.解析: 句意为:那天晚上,她回到家里。她正在想(think about)那些钱和那个
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老太太所写的那些话。put away 意为“放好、储备”,turn in 意为“上交”,look after 意为“照顾”,均不符合语境。 答案: B 19.解析: 句意为:她和她的丈夫包括那个下个月要出生的孩子都需要钱。ahead 意 为“前面”,extra 意为“额外的”,front 意为“前面的”,due 意为“预期的”。四个 选项中,只有 due 符合句意。 答案: D 20.解析: 句意为:她知道她丈夫有多么的担心。当他挨着她睡觉(sleep)的时候, 她对他耳语说:一切都会好的,我爱你,Joe。chat 意为“聊天”,argue 意为“辩论”, drink 意为“饮酒”,均不符合语境。 答案: A Ⅱ.阅读理解 语篇解读: 这是一篇议论文。作者认为要赚钱光有天赋是不够的,还需要有一定的经 济头脑和良好的管理才能。 1.解析: 考查推理判断。第一段开头提到世界上到处都是聪明有才,学识渊博的人, 并举了一个年轻机械工的例子,故 A 项正确。 答案: A 2.解析: 考查短语猜测。根据第三段可知,学校并不认为有经济头脑是智慧,大多 数工人自己工作, 自己付账, 由此可推知大多数工人只靠所赚的钱生存, 故画线部分表示“量 入为出”,即 D 项正确。 答案: D 3.解析: 考查推理判断。根据第三段内容再结合最后一段第四句话“The reason why so many talented people are poor is that they focus on making a better hamburger but know little or nothing about business systems.”可知有天赋的人赚得少是因为缺 少经济头脑。 答案: B 4.解析: 考查细节理解。根据最后一段第三句“...McDonald’s is excellent at

business systems”可知答案。 答案: B 5.解析: 考查主旨大意。文章第一段通过一个机械工的故事引出话题,第二段的第 一句话点明了本文要论述的中心问题——有才能的人赚钱并不多, 下文详细解释了这一现象 的原因,故 C 项最能概括本文主旨。 答案: C 语篇解读: 研究发现 ,每天吃一个鸡蛋对降低血压大有裨益,鸡蛋与胃酶结合后产

生的蛋白质与降压药物有着同样的功效。
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6.解析: 词义猜测题。第一段的后半部分提到鸡蛋产生蛋白质的作用 与强效降血压 药物类似,此处与之相呼应,表示鸡蛋与胃酶结合后产生蛋白质的作用与药物相当。由此可 推知“ACE inhibitors”是一种药。 答案: A 7.解析: 细节理解题。根据倒数第二段最后一句的内容可知 Bruce 教授认为鸡蛋属 于健康食物。 答案: C 8.解析: 推理判断题。最后一段的最后一句提到几乎一半的英国人相信对鸡蛋的限 制仍然适用,由此可推断这些人依旧认为每天吃一个鸡蛋对健康有害。 答案: D 9.解析: 主旨大意题。本文是研究报道,第一段是文章的中心段,通读全文可知, 本文意在介绍关于鸡蛋的科学发现。 答案: A

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