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2019人教版高中英语必修二课件:Unit5 Learning about language (共30张PPT)教育精品.ppt_图文

Discovering useful words and expressions 1._m__u_si_c_a_l_in__st_r_u_m__e_n_t something used to make music 2._m__u_s_ic_i_a_n person whose job is to play or
write music 3._d_r_e_a_m__o_f_ to imagine something would come true 4._p_a_s_s_e_r-_b_y_ person going past 5._to__b_e_h__o_n_e_st_ to tell exactly what one thinks. 6._b_r_e_a_k_u__p_ to go away in different directions 7. _a_tt_a_c_h_ to connect something with another 8. _e_a_r_n_ to receive money for what you do 9._i_n__ca_s_h_ paid in money but not by cheque

Answer keys to exercise 2 on page 36

Pretend 1. To make believe

2. To imagine something is real as in a game

2

Extra

1. In addition

2. Not include in the price so you have to pay 1
more

Rely

1. To trust someone or something to do what

you need

1

2. To depend on someone or something to

continue to live

Familiar 1. (a person) well-known to you

2. Having a good knowledge of something or

1

somebody

broadcast 1. To send out radio or television programmes

2. To tell something to a lot of people

1

Complete the passage with the words and phrases below in their proper forms:
extra millionaire pub humorous studio broadcast dream of familiar play a joke on

Susan and I loved jazz and we _d_r_e_a_m_e_d__o_f becoming musicians. We decided to form a band so that we could earn some _ex_t_r_a_ money by playing and singing in a __p_u_b__. The regulars there were very kind to us. They suggested we go to record our songs in a __st_u_d_i_o_. We wondered if they were _p_l_a_y_in_g__a_j_o_k_e__o_n_us as they were often very _h_u_m__o_r_o_u_s to each other. However, to our great surprise , everything was organized and we made our record. Imagine our excitement when we heard it _b_r_o_a_d_c_a_s_t on the radio for the first time! It was almost as exciting as later when we became_m__il_li_o_n_a_ir_e_s_. Now whenever we go to the pub, we play our songs and buy drinks for the regulars. Although we are famous, we still like to play in _fa_m__i_li_a_r places.

Unit 5 Music Grammar

I. Warming up
Underline the attributive clauses in the text that contain prep. + whom/which.
1. Have you ever dreamed of playing in front of thousands of people at a concert, at which everyone is clapping and appreciating your music?
2. They may start as a group of high-school students, for whom practising their music in someone’s house is the first step to fame.
3. Later they may give performances in pubs or clubs, for which they are paid in cash.

4. The musicians were to play jokes on each other as well as play music, most of which was based loosely on the Beatles.
5. However, after a year or so in which they became more serious about their work, the Monkees started to play and sing their own songs like a real band.
6. They produced a new record in 1996, with which they celebrated their former time as a real band.

II. Use summary
有关系代词或关系副词引导用来 修饰主句中的某一个名词或代词并 起定语作用的从句, 叫定语从句。定 语从句所修饰的词叫先行词, 从句跟 在先行词后面。

定语从句的构成方法是:关系代词 或副词+陈述句语序, 关系代词有: who, whom, whose, which, that, as等; 关系副词有when, where, why等。

关系代词有双重功能, 一方面代表前 面所修饰的先行词, 把从句与先行词 连接起来; 另一方面引导出从句并在 从句中充当某种句子成分。

1. The number of people who / that lost homes reached as many as 250,000.
2. It sounded like a train which / that was going under my house.

关系代词之物时只用which不用that的情况
(1) 关系代词在从句中作介词宾语并且介 词提前至关系代词前时只用which, 但当介词在从句句尾时, 两者皆可。 This is the question about which we’ve had so much discussion. = This is the question which / that we’ve had so much discussion about.

(2) 在非限定性定语从句中必须用which不 能用that。 This is the book which / that I’m looking for. They have invited me to visit their country, which is very kind of them.
当关系代词作look after, look for等不 能拆开使用的及物动词性短语的宾语 时, 介词不可以提前。

1. 关系副词where之地点, 在从句中 作地点状语。 This is the house where he lived.
2. 关系副词when指时间, 在从句中作 时间状语。 I’ll never forget the days when we played together.

3. 关系副词why指原因, 在从句中作原因状 语。
He explained the reason why he was late. 注意: 关系副词有时可用介词+which来
代替。如上句中where=in which; when=on which; why=for which

注意: “介词+关系代词”引导的定语从 句, 关系代词只能用which和whom, 且不 能省略。介词主要根据三个方面来选择: 一是先行词与介词的搭配; 二是定语从 句中谓语动词或形容词与介词的搭配; 三是根据“介词+关系代词”在从句中 的作用及意义。

Practice
Fill in each blank with a proper prep.+ whom/which. 1. This is the gun _w__it_h_w_h__ic_h_ the hunter shot the antelope. 2. The athletes __a_g_a_in_s_t _w__h_o_m__ he will compete come from Greece and Czech Republic. 3. He’ll never forget the day __o_n__w_h_ic_h__ he was admitted to the Olympic Games for the first time.

4. A great number of cultural relics have been found in a village __in___w_h_ic_h_ there are lots of old temples.
5. The guitar _w_i_t_h_ w__h_ic_h_ Dave composed our first hit is in a music museum.
6. The musicians __in__w_h_o_m___ we have great interest toured Europe with us.

Practice
There is a grammatical error in each of the following sentences. Please read them carefully and correct the mistake.
1. Simon helped Peter repair his guitar, for that he was very grateful.
2. I like songs to which the feelings of love is expressed. 3. I enjoyed my holiday on which I went to a concert of
pop music. 4. I like my music teacher for which I have great respect. 5. I have many friends of which some are musicians. 6. Peter went to a concert at whom his favourite band
played and sang.

Key:
1. Simon helped Peter repair his guitar, for which he was very grateful.
2. I like songs in which the feelings of love is expressed. 3. I enjoyed my holiday during which I went to a concert
of pop music. 4. I like my music teacher for whom I have great respect. 5. I have many friends of whom some are musicians. 6. Peter went to a concert at which his favourite band
played and sang.

III. Summary
关系副词可以替代介词+which/whom结构。 where可以替代to/at/from/in which, 例如:They visited the city where/in which John Denver was born. when可以替代during/at/in/on which,例如:I will never forget the year when/in which our band started. why可以替代for which,例如:The reason why/for which he left the band was that he hated the busy life. how可以替代in which,但是要同时去掉the way,例 如:The students do not know how/the way in which a music band can be formed.

Practice
Read these sentences and try to simplify them changing them where necessary. Eample: I don’t understand the way in which you solved this problem.
→I don’t understand how you solved this problem. 1. This is the month during which we like to go to outdoor concerts. This is the month when we like to go to outdoor concerts.

Practice
2. She gave a musical concert in the hall in which we interviewed a famous violinist last week.
She gave a musical concert in the hall where we interviewed a famous violinist last week.
3. Lillian lives in a town in which there are many cultural events.
Lillian lives in a town where there are many cultural events.
4. A concert hall is a place to which you go to buy tickets for a show.
A concert hall is a place where you go to buy tickets for a show.

Practice
5. Finding a job as a singer was the reason for which I moved. Finding a job as a singer was the reason why I moved.
6. Summer is the time at which it is best to practise outside with your band. Summer is the time when it is best to practise outside with your band.
7. His studio was the place in which we recorded our greatest hits. His studio was the place where we recorded our greatest hits.

Practice
8. I relied on my car until it broke down at the place at which three roads meet. I relied on my car until it broke down at the place where three roads meet.
9. I am familiar with your songs and the way in which you compose them. I am familiar with your songs and how you compose them.
10. It is a time at which the sun begins to sink and the moon to rise. It is a time when the sun begins to sink and the moon to rise.

几种易混的情况
1.I’ll never forget the days_w__h_e_n_/_i_n_w__h_i_c_hwe worked together.
2.I’ll never forget the days __w__h_ic_h_____ we spent together.
及物动词
3.I went to the place where/ in which I worked ten years ago.
4.I went to the place ____w__h_ic_h_____ I visited ten years ago.
及物动词
5.This is the reason ___w__h_y_/_f_o_r_w__h_i_ch______ he was late.
6.This is the reason _____t_h_a_t_/_w_h_i_c_h_______ he gave.
及物动词

Answer keys to exercise 2 on page 37
1. I remember the day when our band was formed as if it was yesterday.
2. The guitar with which Dave composed our first hit is in a music museum.
3. The name by which we were to become famous was chosen by Mike’s mum.
4. The show at which we played our first hits was in America.
5. The singer with whom we practised the most was Freddy.
6. The musicians in whom we have great interest toured Europe with us.

Answer keys to exercise 3 on page 37
There have been many popular in the world, _o_f_w__h_i_ch__the most famous was the Beatles. The four young men_w__h_o_ made up the band only performed and recorded form 1963 to 1970. During those years they gave many concerts, _a_t_w__h_i_ch__they played all their latest hits. They made many records, _f_o_r_w__h_ic_h__they will always be remembered. Their songs were a mixture of rock and roll and ballads, _i_n_w__h_ic_h__they often wrote about their own lives and problems.

Although they were not trained actors they took part in films _d_u_r_i_n_g_/i_n_w__h_ic_h_ they often played themselves. Their performances were humorous and interesting. their fans, _w_i_th_o_u__t _w_h_o_m__the Beatles would not have been so famous, at last caused problems for them. They followed them everywhere. Finally they stopped their concerts in order to live quieter lives, although their songs remain as popular as ever.

V. Homework
Revise your writing according to the teacher’s instructions and your partner’s suggestions.