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必修3重点


Unit 1 Festivals around the world
1. admire sb. for sth. 因为某事儿钦佩(或羡慕) 某人 2. award sb. for… 某人因??而得奖 = sb. be awarded for… 3.take place 发生 (常指经过安排的事情,无被动形式, ) 4. break out (火灾、战争等)爆发 Everybody admires him for his fine sense of humor. 人人都钦佩他那绝妙的幽默感。 The school awarded Mary a prize for her good work. 学校因玛丽出色的工作而给她颁奖。 The interview is well planned and it is to take place on time. 采访计划周密,会按时进行的。 World War II broke out in 1939. 第二次世界大战 是 1939 年爆发的。 5. come about 发生 (是不及物动词短语,无被动语态) 6. in memory of… 为了纪念?? How did it come about that you got lost? 你怎么会 迷路了呢? We sang the song in memory of the dead. 我们唱歌 以纪念故去的人们。 7. in honour of 向…表示敬意;为纪念... They held the meeting in honor of the heroes.为了 向英雄表示敬意,他们举行了会议。 8. look forward to sth. / doing sth. 盼望… We look forward to the return of spring. 我们期待 着春天的到来。 I’m looking forward to hearing from you soon. 我 在盼望你的尽快来信。 9. have fun 玩得开心 The kids are having fun. 孩子们正玩得开心呢。

10.. make a fool of sb. 愚弄某人

Are you trying to make a fool of me? 你想愚弄我 吗?

11. without permission 未经许可

We can’t take photos here without permission. 未经 许可,我们不能在此照相。

12. It is obvious that… 显然??

It is obvious that he is a brave man. 很明显他是一 个很勇敢的人。

sb. sth. ① 13. forgive + sb. for (doing) sth. ② ① 原谅某人某事 ② 原谅某人(做)某事 14. keep one’s word 守信用,履行承诺

We willingly forgive him his faults. 我们愿意宽恕 他的过错。 Please forgive me for interrupting you. 请原谅我打 岔。

You can’t take her promise seriously: she never keeps her word. 她答应的事不必当真,她从来说 话不算数。

15. turn up 1)出现,露面 We invited her to dinner but she didn’t even bother to turn up. 我们请她吃饭她都不露面。I can’t hear 2)提高 the radio very well; could you turn it up a bit? 收音 机我听不太清楚,你把声音开大点行吗?

16. break one’s word 失信,食言

Never trust a man who breaks his word easily. 不要 相信一个常常食言的人。

17. hold one’s breath (因激动、害怕等)屏住呼 吸 18.out of breath 上气不接下气

How long can you hold your breath under the water? 在水下,你能屏息多长时间? Having just taken a long walk, he is out of breath. 刚刚进行了长距离的散步,他气喘吁吁的。

19. set off 1)动身,出发 (+ for…) = set out (for…) 20.remind sb. of sth.提醒某人某事/ remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事

My father will set off for Shanghai tomorrow morning. 明天早晨我爸爸将动身前往上海。

Please remind him of the appointment with me. 请 提醒他别忘了和我约会。

Unit 2 Healthy eating

1. at a discount 打折扣

They were selling everything at a discount. 他们销 售的所有商品都打折。

2.be/ go on a diet 控制饮食,节食

He is on a diet to loose weight. 他节食减肥。

3. lose weight 减肥,减轻体重 Put on/ gain weight 体重增加 4. consult (with) sb. (about/ on sth.) (就某事)与 某人商量 5. be of (much, great) benefit to sb. 对某人有益处 = be beneficial to sb. . A benefit B 甲对乙有好处 = B benefit froom A 6. make earn a/ one’s living (by…)

The best way to lose weight is to exercise more. 减 肥最好的方法是多运动。 I consulted with a friend on a matter. 我和朋友商 量一件事。 It is said Yoga is of great benefit to health.据说瑜伽 对健康有益处。 The business benefits the company.=The company benefits from the business. He did all sorts of jobs to earn/ make his living. 为 了谋生,他干了好多不同的工作。

(靠……)谋生 7. in debt 欠债 out of debt 不欠债 She was in debt when she was poor, but has been out of debt since she got rich. 以前穷的时候她欠 了债,可自从富了以后就没欠债了。

Unit 3 The Million Pound Bank Note
1. on the scene 在现场 sth. 准许,允许 doing sth. 允许做某事 sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 Soon after the accident, the police came on the scene. 事发后不久警察就到达了现场。 The teacher doesn’t permit sleeping in class. 老师 不允许上课睡觉。 Please permit me to offer you some advice. 请允许 我向你提些建议。 She stared at me with surprise. 她惊讶地瞪大眼睛 看着我。 He spotted someone coming out of the building. 他 看到有人正走出大楼。 5. account for… 1)说明(原因) He could not account for his absence from school. 他无法说明他旷课的原因。

2. permit

3. stare at 盯着看 4.spot sb. doing sth.看到某人做某事

2) (数量上)占

Afro-Americans account for 12% of the US population. 美国黑人约占美国总人口的 12%。 They want to seek for/ after happiness together. 他 们想一起追求幸福。 He is doing his business with patience. 他耐心地做 着自己的事。 You must be patient with my mother — she is going rather deaf. 你对我母亲得有耐心——她耳 朵越来越背了。 He was brought up by his uncle. 他是由叔叔养大 的。 These are the matters that you can bring up at the meeting. 这些事你可以在会议上提出来。 The earthquake brought about great damage to the building. 地震导致了这栋建筑物的极大破坏。 It doesn’t seem ugly to me; on the contrary, I think it’s rather beautiful. 我觉得它并不丑,恰恰相反, 我觉得它挺美的。 I wonder if you would like to come to my birthday party. 不知你是否愿意来参加我的生日聚会。 I don’t mind sharing a room with him. 我不介意与 他合住一个房间。 We were having a meeting when someone broke in. 我们在开会的时候,有人突然闯入。 We were about to set off on our way when it suddenly began to rain. 我们快动身离开的时候, 天突然下起雨来。

6.seek after / for sb.( sth. )寻找某人、某物 7. with patience 耐心地 8. be patient with sb. 对某人有耐心,容忍某人

9. bring up 1)培养/养育某人 2)提出某事 10. bring about 引起,导致

11. on the contrary 与此相反,正相反

12. I wonder if you… “不知你是否??” (表示委婉的请求,用于较正式的场合) 13. mind doing sth. 介意做某事 14. be doing… when… “正在做??这时??” be about to do… when… “正要做??这时??”

A good amount of damage was done in a very short 15. a good/ large amount of + 不可数 n. (作主语时,谓语动词用单数) time. 短时间内就造成了严重损害。 good/ large amounts(quantities) of + 不可数 Large quantities of money were spent on the bridge. n. 那座桥耗资巨大。 (作主语时,谓语动词用复数)

Unit 4 Astronomy: the science of the stars
1. be fundamental to… 对??是基本的,必需的 This is fundamental to a true understanding of the book. 这对真正理解这本书十分重要。 2. be harmful to… 对??有害的 = do harm to… The air here is harmful to our health. 这里的空气 对我们有害。

3. in one’s turn 轮到某人也(做某事) ,也

They, in their turn, made a proposal. 他们接着也提 了一个建议。

4. by turns 轮流,交替

The two brothers looked after their sick mother by turns. 兄弟俩轮流照看他们生病的母亲。

5. in turn 依次

Each man in turn stood up and spoke. 每个人依次 站起来发言。

6. It is one’s turn to do sth. 轮到某人做某事

It’s your turn to wash the dishes. 今天轮到你洗盘 子了。

7. prevent sb./ sth. (from) doing sth. 阻止某人做某 事 = stop sb./ sth. (from) doing sth. = keep sb./ sth. From doing sth. 8. now that… 既然?? = since… 9. watch out (for…) 当心,提防

The heavy rain prevented us going on, but we didn’t lose heart. 大雨阻止我们前进,但是我们不灰心 失望。

Now that everyone is here, let’s discuss the problem. 既然大家都到了,让我们开会吧。 You’ll be cheated if you don’t watch out. 如果你不 当心,就会上当受骗。 Watch out for cars when you cross the road. 过马路 时要当心车辆。

10. 倍数的表达方法: 1)A is + 倍数 + as + adj./ adv. + as B “A 是 B 的??倍” The population of China is about six times as large as that of the United States. 中国的人口大约是美 国的 6 倍。 The jet fighter flies three times as fast as sound. 这 架喷气式战斗机的飞行速度是音速的 3 倍。 2)A is + 倍数 + 比较级 + than B “A 比 B??倍” This room is three times larger than that one. 这个 房间比那个房间大 3 倍。

3) A is + 倍数 + the size (height, length, width 等) This room is three times the size of that one. 这个 + of B “A 是 B 的??倍” 房间是那个房间的 3 倍大。

Unit 5 Canada — “The True North”
1. be surrounded by/ with… 被??包围 The city is surrounded with a river. 这个城市被一 条河包围着。 2. take measures 采取措施 They took strong measures against dangerous drivers. 他们对危害公众的司机采取强硬的措施。

3. on board 在车(船、飞机)上

We went on board the ship. 我们登上了轮船。 Everybody on board was worried and we were curious to find out what had happened. 飞机上的人 都很着急,而且我们急于想了解出了什么事。

4. manage to do sth. 设法做成了某事

The box was heavy but he managed to carry it. 箱 子很重,但是他设法扛了起来。

5. try to do sth. 努力做某事 (强调动作, 不强调结 果) 6. catch sight of… 看见??

I tried hard not to laugh. 我极力忍住不笑。

He caught sight of a rare bird. 他看见一种稀有鸟 类。

7.. have a gift for… 在……方面有天分;有天赋

She has a gift for learning languages. 她对学语言 有天赋。

8. be /take in charge (of…) 主管,负责 be in the charge of 在…的负责下

He is in charge of the whole factory. 他负责整个工 厂的管理。=The whole factory is in the charge of him.

9.As far as I’m concerned 就我而言

As far as I am concerned, you can do what you like. 对于我来说,你怎么做都可以。

单项选择
1. I can’t find my cellphone anywhere . I _______ have lost it on the bus. A. would B. will C. should D.must 2. A computer _______think for itself. It must be told what to do. A. can’t B. couldn’t C. may not D.mustn’t 3. -----Write to me when you get home? ----- Yes, I ________. A. must B. should C. will D. can 4. I___________you out . Why didn’t tell me? A. could help B. ought to help C. could have helped D. ought to have helped 5. The number of people invited fifty, but a number of them absent for different reasons. A. were; was B. was; was C. was; were D. were; were 6. There are some boys loudly outside, so I couldn’t fall asleep. A. to shout B. shouted C. shout D. shouting 7. to school this morning, I met a friend of mine. A. I was walking B. walking C. While I walking D. walked 8. We are taught that business letters should be written in a formal style in a personal one. A. rather than B. other than C. better than D. less than 9. Let’s find some to the problem. A. approaches B. means C. methods D. ways 10. She is very dear to us. We have been prepared to do it takes to save her life. A. whichever B. however C. whatever D. whoever 11. We will the best students in our school to take part in the national competition. A. pick up B. pick out C. pick off D. pick at 12. My sister was against my suggestion while my brother was it. A. in favor of B. in memory of C. in honour of D. in search of 13. of the land in that district covered with trees and grass. A. Two fifth; is B. Two fifth; are C. Two fifths, is D. Two fifths; are 14. Not only I but also Jane and Mary tired of having one examination after another. A. is B. are C. am D. being 15. Every means prevent the water from . A. are used to; polluting B. will be used to; polluting C. is used to; polluted D. is used to; being polluted 16. She is one of the few girls who in the kindergarten. A. is well paid B. are well paid C. is paying well D. are paying wall

17. Only after the woman had her own child

how difficult it was to be a mother.

A. she realized B. had she realized C. she had realized D. did she realize 18. Don’t women. They are as important as men for the development of society. A. look up to B. look down upon C. look out for D. look forward to 19. The determined mother has devoted all she has to______ her son out of trouble. A. helping B. help C. have helped D. having helped 20. What happened to your shoes? They need . A. to mend B. being mended C. mending D. mended 21. Did you find impossible for him to tell me truth? A. this B. it C. that D. what 22. It is very that she will ring me tonight. A. likely B. possibly C. probably D. perhaps 23. When first into the market, these products enjoyed great success. A. introducing B. introduced C. introduce D. being introduced 24. he said surprised all of us. A. That B. What C. When D. Why 25. The cloud never hides the sun. The truth will be known to all . A. on time B. in time C. by time D. from time to time 26. The king made a promise his daughter will marry the winner of the game. A. that B. if C. whether D. that if 27. The boy to the other boys that his rooster had two eggs in one day. A. lied; lay B. lied; laid C. lay; lain D. lied; lied 28. After climbing for seven hours, he finally to reach the top of the mountain.. A. tried B. succeeded C. managed D. achieved 29. —Tom has a lot of parties recently —Yes, that may why he didn’t do well in the test. A. account for B. watch that C. break out D. turn out 30. has helped to save the drowning girl is worth praising. A. Who B. The one C. Anyone D. Whoever 31. The storm left, a lot of damage to this area. A. caused B. to have caused C. to cause D. having caused 32. Missing the flight means for another three hours. A. waiting B. to wait C. wait D. to be waiting 33. It is the test system, rather than teachers, is to blame for the heavy burden of middle school students nowadays. A. who B. which C. that D. where 34. The child came to his mother . A. run B. to run C. runs D. running


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