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高考英语二轮复习 第3部分 阅读理解 完形填空 语法填空 短文改错限时规范训练20


阅读理解+完形填空+语法填空+书面表达
(建议用时 60 分钟) Ⅰ.阅读理解 Year of Giving Yesterday I started the Year of Giving,my first day of a year?long journey into exploring the act of giving and the meaning of charity.I chose December 15 as the starting date,which marked three years since my mother died from heart disease.She was one of the most generous people that I have ever known.She always thought of others first and certainly serves as an inspiration to me. I had a rather busy day yesterday,ironic (具有讽刺意义的) for someone who is unemployed right now.In the morning I went to the gym,and unsuccessfully got the phone call from the unemployment office for some job searching.Before I knew it, it was noon.I grabbed a quick lunch and rushed down to a meeting.On my way to Connecticut,I wondered if I would see someone that I would feel forced to give my first $10 to.I was running late and decided to do it afterwards. After the meeting I had about half an hour to find the first person of my Year of Giving! I decided to check out DuPont Circle.I had met a guy there named Jerry once and thought he would willingly accept my $10.He wasn't there,but I did see a man sitting by himself who looked really lonely,so I approached him.Now I had to figure out what I was going to say,I think I said something like, “Hi,can I sit down here?”“I would like to know if I could give you $10?” He asked me to repeat what I had said,I did,then he looked at me funny,got up and left. I then started walking south where I spotted a man standing by the bus stop on Connecticut Ave.He appeared to be in his 60s.I don't know what drew me to him, but I thought I would make my second attempt.I was a bit nervous and asked him which bus came by that stop.Then I explained that I was starting a year?long project to give $10 to someone every day and that I wanted to give my $10 for today to him.The gentleman,I later found out that his name was Ed,responded without hesitation that he could not accept my offer and that there were many people more deserving the money than him.This was exactly one of the things that I hoped would happen.People would think of others before themselves. 1.The author set the starting date on December 15 to .

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A.help the charity B.remember his mother C.make an explosion D.fulfill a wish of his mum 2.In the author's first attempt to give away the money, A.he was considered ridiculous B.he hesitated for a long time C.he was forced to donate the money D.he had no time to take action 3 . In the author's second attempt , the gentleman refused his offer because . .

A.he didn't need other's help B.he thought more for others C.he didn't care about money D.he wanted to get more money 4.We can infer that the author was inspired by A.true friendship B.his own kindness C.generous donations D.human's good nature 【解题导语】 本文是一篇记叙文,属于人生百味类短文阅读。文章讲述了作者在母亲 逝世后数年间坚持做慈善,并在今年做“赠与需要帮助的人 10 元钱”的活动时遇到两个反 应截然不同的人,并由此得出感悟。 1.解析:选 B。细节理解题。由第一段中的“I chose December 15 as the starting date,which marked three years since my mother died from heart disease.”可知, 我从 12 月 15 日开始,这标志着母亲因心脏病过世 3 年了。故选 B。 2.解析:选 A。细节理解题。由倒数第二段中的“then he looked at me funny,got up and left”得知,作者被对方认为很奇怪,很荒谬。故选 A。 3.解析:选 B。细节理解题。由最后一段中的“he could not accept my offer that there were many people more deserving the money than him”得知,他觉得有别人比他 更需要得到这份帮助。故选 B。 。 .

4 . 解析: 选 D 。推理判断题。由最 后一段中的“This was exactly one of the things ...before themselves.”得知,作者十分期望这样的场景发生,因为这样说明人们 都在为他人考虑。因此得出结论:作者被人们的善良所打动。故选 D。
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Ⅱ.完形填空 Several days ago,I drove to a local supermarket.My shopping list was my wallet was light.Still,I needed to 1 and

get a week's worth of groceries for my 2 it all.

family.I parked my car,looked down at my list,and hoped I could As I 3 the door,I saw a man with kind eyes and a collecting for a local food bank that helped to 5

4 smile.He said he was the hungry in my area.He asked me to 6 if

handed me a second shopping list of things they could use and

I could.I smiled back, 7 the list and walked into the store.I really wanted to help,but wasn't sure if I could this time. I walked through the store,picking up vegetables,soup,spaghetti,bread, milk,cereal,macaroni,bananas,and a dozen other things.I slowly 8 each item

off my list until I was done.When I looked down at my full cart,I 9 again if I even had enough to pay for them all.Then,as I put my own list back into my pocket, I saw the food 10 list under it.I smiled and decided to trust my heart. 11 12 two of the biggest boxes of six dollars out of my wallet

With the food bank in mind,I went over and rice the store had and put them in my cart.It took to pay for them, was 13

my heart felt six times larger when I did.And when everything

14 ,I had just enough to pay for them all. It takes 15 16 to make our world a better place.A few dollars can help to fill stomach.A smile and hug can help to 17 a hurting heart.An 18 19 of a few

a child's

encouraging word can inspire someone else to live and to love.A random kindness can change another's day and life.It is up to us.If we can dollars on rice,then we can 1.A.long C.accurate 2.A.seize C.exchange 3.A.cleaned C.approached 4.A.negative C.bitter 5.A.please C.purchase 6.A.notice 20 our love that will last forever. B.short D.frequent B.charge D.afford B.shook D.kicked B.gentle D.strange B.feed D.protect B.help

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C.advertise 7.A.wrote C.took 8.A.signed C.separated 9.A.enjoyed C.worried 10.A.bank C.store 11.A.showed up C.put up 12.A.other C.many 13.A.but C.so 14.A.totaled C.offered 15.A.all C.a little 16.A.adequate C.anxious 17.A.treat C.heal 18.A.act C.appreciation 19.A.rescue C.save 20.A.accumulate C.declare

D.order B.dropped D.tore B.paid D.marked B.wandered D.amazed B.cart D.grocery B.called up D.picked up B.another D.more B.and D.for B.replaced D.booked B.much D.many B.hungry D.full B.suffer D.recover B.character D.attitude B.reserve D.earn B.share D.respect

【解题导语】 本文讲述了作者家境虽不富裕, 但仍然在一次超市购物之时挤出钱买了 两箱大米捐给食物银行,来帮助那些饥饿的人们。东西虽不多,但小小的善举却可以让爱一 直传承下去。 1.解析:选 A。根据下句中的 a week's worth of groceries 及第三段第一句中列举 的 vegetables,soup,spaghetti,bread,milk,cereal,macaroni,bananas,and a dozen
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other things 可知,作者要买一个星期的生活用品,因此购物清单应该很长,故选 A 项。 short 意为“短的”;accurate 意为“精确的”;frequent 意为“频繁的”。 2.解析:选 D。从全文可知,作者家境并不富裕,现在又要买这么多东西,所以她希 望能负担得起(afford)。故选 D 项。seize 意为“抓住”;charge 意为“要价;控告”; exchange 意为“交换”。 3.解析:选 C。根据第 4 空后的 walked into the store 可知,此处表示要进门的时 候,approach 意为“接近,靠近”,符合语境,故选 C 项。clean 意为“(使)清洁;清理”; shake 意为“(使)颤动;发抖”;kick 意为“踢”。 4.解析:选 B。句意:当我要进门的时候,我看见一个有着友好眼神和温柔笑容的人。 由 kind eyes 可推知,本空要选一个褒义词。negative 意为“消极的”;gentle 意为“温 和的”;bitter 意为“苦涩的”;strange 意为“奇怪的”。根据语境可知选 B 项。 5.解析:选 B。由下文 the hungry 可知,是要帮助那些挨饿的人,所以应用食物养活 (feed)他们。故选 B 项。please 意为“使高兴;讨好”;purchase 意为“购买”;protect 意为“保护”。 6.解析:选 B。句意:他递给我另一份他们会用到的东西的购物清单,并请求如果我 能提供帮助。根据语境可知,此处指“帮助”。故选 B 项。此题亦可根据本段最后一句中的 I really wanted to help ...快速锁定答案,为原词复现。 7.解析:选 C。根据文章第三段倒数第二句 ...as I put my own list back into my pocket,I saw the food 10 list under it.可知,作者在放回自己的购物清单时,看到

了食物银行的清单,由此可推知,作者接过了那个人的清单,然后走进了超市。故选 C 项。 tore 是 tear 的过去式,作动词意为“撕,扯”,不符合语境。 8.解析:选 D。根据空后的 until I was done 可知,作者慢慢地划掉清单上的物品直 到买完所有需要的东西。 mark 意为“标出”, mark sth.off ...意为“从??中划去某物”, 符合语境。sign 意为“签署”;pay 意为“支付”;separate 意为“分开”。 9.解析:选 C。此句与第 2 空处的 hoped I could afford it all 相呼应,作者低头 看着满满的购物车,开始担心(worry)自己是否有足够的钱来支付。enjoy 意为“享受”; wander 意为“闲逛”;amaze 意为“使吃惊”。 10.解析:选 A。根据第 11 空及第 5 空前的 food bank 可知答案,作者发现的是食物 银行的清单,故选 A 项。 11.解析:选 D。根据下文作者的钱还够付米的钱可知,作者是拿起两箱米放进了购物 车。pick up 意为“拾起,拿起”,符合语境。show up 意为“显露;显现出来”;call up 意为“给(某人)打电话;使想起”;put up 意为“提升;搭建;提高”。 12.解析:选 B。根据语境可知,这是作者为食物银行购买的米,超出了自己的购物预 算,因此,此处表示“又花了 6 美元”,用 another six dollars 表示。故选 B 项。本题易
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误选 A 项或 D 项,如果选这两项,其结构应为 six other dollars,six more dollars。 13.解析:选 A。根据上下文可知,作者虽然额外花了 6 美元,但她的心里却非常开心。 该空应表转折关系。故选 A 项。 14.解析:选 A。所有商品的费用加起来, 作者的钱正好足以支付。total 意为“把?? 加起来,合计”;replace 意为“替换”;offer 意为“提供”;book 意为“预订”。故选 A 项。 15.解析:选 C。根据下文的 A few dollars ...A smile and hug ...An encouraging word ...可推断,此处指只需很小的事就能让世界变得更好。故选 C 项。 16.解析:选 B。根据上下文可知,食物银行是为了帮助那些饥饿的人,因此此处应是 填饱孩子饥饿的肚子, 也与第 5 空处的 helped to feed the hungry 照应。 故选 B 项。 adequate 意为“足够的”;anxious 意为“焦虑的,不安的”;full 意为“饱的”。 17.解析:选 C。最后一段为排比句式,根据下文的 inspire someone else 等可知, 都是积极意义的句子。treat 意为“治疗;对待”;suffer 意为“遭受”;heal 意为“治 愈”;recover 意为“恢复”。句意:一个微笑或拥抱就能治愈受伤的心灵。故选 C 项。 18.解析:选 A。句意:一个随意的善举就能改变另一个人的生活。act of kindness 意为“善意的行为”,符合语境。character 意为“性格;角色”;appreciation 意为“欣 赏;感激”;attitude 意为“态度”。 19.解析:选 C。根据上文,作者省出了 6 美元买了两箱大米给食物银行,内心却很开 心,由此推测此处句意:如果我们能节省几美元去买大米,那么我们可以分享的爱就能永远 持续下去。save 意为“节省”,符合语境。rescue 意为“拯救”;reserve 意为“保留; 预订”;earn 意为“赚;获得”。 20.解析:选 B。句意见上一题解析。做善事,哪怕是一个小小的善举都是在分享爱, 因此该空选 share。accumulate 意为“积累”;declare 意为“宣布”;respect 意为“尊 敬”。 Ⅲ.语法填空 Great changes have taken place in the countryside in our country. As a child,I lived in a poor family.The second?hand clothes,rain?leaking roof of old house became part of that I 2. severely 3. (feel) hungry all the time. Sometimes hunger hit me so my memory.1. , the worst impression is

I regarded dried sweet potato slices as delicious snacks.At

that time,my dream was getting enough to fill my empty stomach. In the early years of the 1980s , as the reform and opening ? up policy 4. (carry) out,our dream came true.And then,
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5. to

dream became clearer and clearer in my mind.I must try my best and backward hometown.I worked 6. (hard) (succeed)

escape from my poor

at my study than most of my classmates, and, after luckily 7.

in the national college entrance examination, I realized my dream again: after graduation,I became a citizen working in a city.8. graduate out of a remote village,my success set 9. example to my folks.They came to realize that schooling is a good the first college

way to change one's fate.In the following years,there were fewer dropouts and more college graduates in my village,10. I am proud of even today.

1.解析:However。前面说生活贫穷,后面说最坏的记忆,有转折的意思。注意句首首 字母大写。 2.解析:was feeling。讲述过去发生的事情,要用一般过去时,结合 all the time 强调一直进行,故用过去进行时。 3.解析:that。so ...that ...“如此??以至于??”。 4.解析:was carried。the reform and opening?up policy“改革开放政策”作主语 (谓语用单数),和 carry out 是被动关系,要用被动语态。 5. 解析: another。 结合上文, 我们的梦想实现了。 这里说的是另一个梦想, 用 another。 6.解析:harder。句中出现 than,要用比较级。 7.解析:succeeding。after 后跟名词、代词或动名词,根据提示词,要用动名词。 8.解析:As。作为第一个走出偏远乡村的大学生。 9.解析:an。固定搭配 set an example to sb.“为某人树立榜样”。 10.解析:which。非限制性定语从句,指物用 which,指人用 who,这里指代上句整个 句子,用 which。 Ⅳ.书面表达 假定你是李华,你的美国朋友 Jack 获悉中国有情人节——七夕节。他想了解七夕节的 习俗,请根据以下要点给他写一封回信: 1.介绍该节日的由来(农历七月七日,源于牛郎织女的爱情故事); 2.中国年轻人庆祝七夕节的方式; 3.你对这个传统节日的看法。 注意: 1.词数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.开头语已为你写好。 4.参考词汇:情人节 Valentine's Day;农历的 lunar;喜鹊 magpie
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Dear Jack, How is everything going?

Yours, Li Hua One possible version: Dear Jack, How is everything going? As is known to all,Valentine's Day is popular all over the world,while China has its own Valentine's Day,called Qiqiao Festival. Qiqiao Festival falls on the 7th day of the 7th month of the lunar year,which has been celebrated by Chinese since ancient times.It comes from a beautiful Chinese love story about Zhinü and Niulang.This story has passed down from generation to generation.It is said that very few magpies are seen on Qiqiao Festival,because most of them fly to the Milky Way,where they form a bridge so that the two lovers might come together. Chinese young lovers celebrate it every year, sending each other flowers or other gifts standing for love,having a get?together and so on.As far as I'm concerned, Qiqiao Festival is a wonderful holiday because only in this way can we show how we value love and tradition in a Chinese way. Yours, Li Hua

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