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高考英语二轮复习 第3部分 阅读理解 完形填空 语法填空 短文改错限时规范训练15


阅读理解+完形填空+语法填空+书面表达
(建议用时 60 分钟) Ⅰ.阅读理解 A hoarder is someone who is unable or unwilling to throw items away,and the disposal (处理) of items causes them considerable pain.When people hoard a massive amount of objects , it takes over the inhabitable spaces of their home.As the collection grows,they are unable to do simple,quotidian activities such as cooking a meal or watch TV.Sometimes the hoarding is so severe that parts of their homes become inaccessible. But among the many problems that such behavior brings about,the most significant are the health risks.Once hallways and windows are blocked,hoarders are at the risk of dying in a fire, since they no longer have a clear path of evacuation (疏散). Things that are piled up high can fall on top of the homeowner,or a person trying to climb over a pile of objects can experience a fall.There is also the problem of sanitation (卫生).Areas where food can't be properly cleaned begin to attract insects,and bathrooms that are full of many possessions can no longer be washed. Unfortunately , the serious effect of the problem can become worse for two reasons.One is that since the behavior progress behind closed doors,people can accumulate collections of objects for years before friends or family members become aware of the problem.A second reason is that hoarders often don't recognize that they have a problem,and will continue to live in denial until they get professional help. When attempting to make a diagnosis,psychologists don't regard hoarding as a disorder in itself.Instead,it's often seen as a symptom of obsessive?compulsive disorder ( 强迫症 ) , depression , or anxiety.The mental health community has only recently begun an intensive study of boarding,and more research is needed in order to understand its causes and find effective treatment. 1.The first paragraph mostly serves to A.introduce the problem of hoarding B.inform the public of the hoarder's lifestyle C.illustrate how frequently hoarders' lifestyle D.explain how hoarders react when items are disposed 2.According to the passage,which of the following statements is TRUE? A.Hoarders' houses are not always out of order.
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B.Hoarding is regarded as a disorder by psychologists. C.Symptoms of hoarding can't be easily noticed since it progresses quietly. D.The mental health community has found effective treatments for hoarding. 3.We can infer from the passage that .

A.hoarding is a serious problem that needs concern B.the main reason of hoarding is the economic burden C.food preparation becomes easier if a person is a hoarder D.hoarded items can't be piled higher than a person's head 4.The underlined word “quotidian” probably means A.abnormal C.skillful B.ordinary D.popular .

【解题导语】 本文是一篇说明文,属于日常生活类短文阅读。囤积者是指有些人不能 或不愿意把物品带走, 而且处置(处理)项目对他们造成相当大的痛苦。 人们囤积大量的物品, 这些东西占据了他们家的居住空间。 随着收集的东西越来越多, 他们无法做简单的日常活动, 如做饭或看电视。有时,囤积是如此严重,他们的房子的部分空间变得无法接近。 1.解析:选 A。写作态度题。第一段主要介绍了囤积者的特点,以及囤积对生活带来 的不便,开门见山地引入主题。故答案为 A 选项“介绍囤积的问题”。 2. 解析: 选 C。 细节理解题。 根据第三段中的“A second reason is that hoarders often don't recognize that they have a problem,and will continue to live in denial until they get professional help.”可知,第二个原因是囤积者不会意识到他们的生活出了问 题,并将继续这样的生活方式,直到他们需要专业帮助为止。故答案为 C 选项“一旦囤积的 毛病安安静静地发展后,囤积症状很难被意识到”。 3.解析:选 A。推理判断题。根据最后一段中的“The mental health community has only recently begun an intensive study of boarding,and more research is needed in order to understand its causes and find effective treatment.”可知,心理健康社区 最近才开始进行深入的研究, 需要更多的研究来了解它的原因并找到有效的治疗方法。 故答 案为 A 选项“囤积是一个严重的问题,需要关注”。 4.解析:选 B。猜测词义题。quotidian“平凡的,普通的”。abnormal“反常的,异 常的”;ordinary“平凡的,普通的” ; skillful“灵巧的,熟练的”;popular“流行的”。 故选 B。 Ⅱ.完形填空 (2016·天津市和平区高三模拟)“Are you going shopping today?” my husband, Roy,asked when I answered the telephone.“I 1 to, ” I said.Thanksgiving was only

a couple days away.My money was 2 and I knew I had to be creative in my shopping
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that day. For a few seconds,Roy sat 3 on the other end of the line.The nervousness

gradually increased under the wordlessness,which I couldn't wait to break through. “Why do you ask?” I whispered, 4 what he might say. for

“Nancy,there's a family with six kids that will not have anything to 5

Thanksgiving.The little one is only five years old.While you're at the store could you 6 buy something for them?” My head began to spin when I was thinking about the fifty dollars I had 7 for our family's Thanksgiving dinner. In the back of my mind I 8 the hungry guests who would be coming to our house for dinner.I put my head down on my desk, already feeling 9 .There's no way struck

possible,I thought.But the compassion (怜悯)I heard in my husband's 10 a nerve inside me. I replied, “ 11 but only if God helps.” I finished my work and 12

all the way to the nearest grocery store.I entered

the parking lot and noticed a big 13 in the grocery store window: Turkeys—29 cents a pound.“Thank God!” I said to myself. I went inside,but when I read the sign my heart 14 .“Limit one.” But I needed at least two so I decided to find the manager.I 15 an exception.To my the problem.He made

16 ,I had enough money.I was even able to purchase a package 17 my heart,even though I had never

of cookies for the five?year?old child who had met her.

Later that afternoon,Roy and I made a special delivery to a home children of all ages.I will never forget the 19 By far,that was the greatest 20 of my life. 1.A.plan C.fail 2.A.private C.endless 3.A.nervously C.friendly 4.A.arranging C.fearing 5.A.eat C.pay B.refuse D.agree B.enough D.limited B.silently D.excitedly B.receiving D.blaming B.do D.say

18 with

on the six kids' faces.

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6.A.freely C.gently 7.A.lent C.hidden 8.A.invited C.counted 9.A.affected C.satisfied 10.A.voice C.heart 11.A.Bad C.Sure 12.A.angered C.wondered 13.A.flower C.book 14.A.sank C.ended 15.A.explained C.required 16.A.horror C.credit 17.A.broken C.operated 18.A.covered C.filled 19.A.sorrow C.disappointment 20.A.year C.Thanksgiving

B.possibly D.regularly B.pulled D.saved B.organized D.connected B.defeated D.bored B.face D.body B.Poor D.Afraid B.worried D.prayed B.sign D.word B.fell D.held B.promised D.corrected B.sadness D.surprise B.stolen D.supported B.shaped D.made B.loneliness D.smiles B.season D.reward

【解题导语】 本文是一篇记叙文。本文讲述的是妻子 Nancy 只有 50 美元过感恩节, 她的丈夫 Roy 说要帮六个孩子的家庭买些食物过感恩节, Nancy 因此而苦恼。 在感恩节那天, 当 Nancy 完成工作去杂货店买东西时,发现火鸡只要 29 美分一磅,但限购一只。在和经理 沟通后,50 美元买下两只火鸡和一些饼干。当 Nancy 和 Roy 将这些食物送给 6 个孩子的家
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庭,孩子们十分高兴。Nancy 认为这是最棒的感恩节。 1.解析:选 A。考查动词。plan“计划”;refuse“拒绝”;fail“失败,没能做成 某事” ;agree“同意”。由下文 “I knew I had to be creative in my shopping that day.” 可知,Nancy 不得不在感恩节那天创造性地购物。故选 A。 2.解析:选 D。考查形容词。private“私人的”;enough“足够的”;endless“无 尽的”;limited“有限的”。由下文“My head began to spin when I was thinking about the fifty dollars I had”可知,Nancy 只有 50 美元,她的钱十分有限。故选 D。 3 . 解析: 选 B 。考查副词。 nervously“紧张不安地”; silently“寂静地” ; friendly“ 友 好 地 ” ; excitedly“ 激 动 地 ” 。 由 下 文 “The nervousness gradually increased under the wordlessness,which I couldn't wait to break through.”可知, 在无言相对后,Nancy 变得紧张不安起来,她迫不及待地打破了寂静。故选 B。 4. 解析: 选 C。 考查动词。 arrange“安排”; receive“收到”; fear“害怕”; blame“责 怪”。由上文“‘Why do you ask?’I whispered.”可知,Nancy 低声问 Roy“为什么你 这样问?” Nancy 害怕听到 Roy 的回答。故选 C。 5.解析:选 A。考查动词。eat“吃”;do“做”;pay“支付”;say“说”。由下文 “for our family's Thanksgiving dinner”可知,Roy 所说的是感恩节的晚餐。故选 A。 6.解析: 选 B。 考查副词 freely“自由地”;possibly“可能地”;gently“轻柔地” ; regularly“有规律地”。 由语境可知 Roy 希望 Nancy 能买点东西给孩子们, 由下文“There's no way possible,I thought.”可知,Nancy 认为这件事不可能。故选 B。 7.解析:选 D。考查动词。lend“借给”;pull“拉”;hide“躲藏”;save“保存”。 由情理可知,Nancy 攒的 50 美元是留给自己家过感恩节用的。故选 D。 8.解析:选 C。考查动词。invite“邀请”;organize“组织”;count“数,计算”; connect“联系”。由上文“In the back of my mind”可知,Nancy 在脑海中计算要来吃 饭饥饿的客人。故选 C。 9. 解析: 选 B。 考查动词。 affect“影响, 感动”; defeat“打败”; satisfy“满意”; bore“烦扰”。由上文“I put my head down on my desk”可知,Nancy 将头耷拉在桌上, 觉得自己想不出方法应对,完全被打败了。故选 B。 10.解析:选 A。考查名词。voice“声音”;face“脸”;heart“心脏”;body“身 体”。由上文“But the compassion I heard ” 可知,Nancy 听到丈夫的声音。故选 A。 11.解析:选 C。考查形容词。bad“糟糕的”;poor“可怜的”;sure“一定的”; afraid“害怕的”。由“but only if God helps”可知,Nancy 选择帮助这些客人,她希 望如果有上帝的帮助就好了。故选 C。 12. 解析: 选 D。 考查动词。 anger“生气”; worry“担心”; wonder“想知道”; pray“祈 祷”。由下文“‘Thank God!’ I said to myself.”可知,Nancy 一路上都在祈祷。故
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选 D。 13. 解析: 选 B。 考查名词。 flower“花朵”; sign“告示, 招牌”; book“书”; word“字, 词”。由下文 but when I read the sign 可知,我在看杂货店橱窗里的招牌。Turkeys—29 cents a pound.上面写着火鸡 29 美分一磅。故选 B。 14. 解析: 选 A。 考查动词。 sink“沉落”; fall“落下, 跌倒”; end“结束”; hold“握 住”。由下文“‘Limit one.’ But I needed at least two so I decided to find the manager.”可知,限购一只火鸡,但 Nancy 至少需要两只火鸡,所以她心里一沉。故选 A。 15.解析:选 A。考查动词。explain“解释”;promise“保证”;require“要求”; correct“改正”。由语境可知,我向经理解释了我的问题,他为我破例。故选 A。 16.解析:选 D。考查名词。horror“恐惧”;sadness“伤心”;credit“信用”; surprise“惊讶”。由下文“I was even able to purchase a package of cookies”可知, Nancy 的 50 美元足够了, 她甚至还可以买一些饼干给客人的孩子们。 to one's surprise“令 某人惊讶的是”。故选 D。 17.解析:选 B。考查动词。break“破碎”;steal“偷窃”;operate“运转,操作”; support“支持”。由下文“even though I had never met her”可知,即使 Nancy 从未见 过那个 5 岁的孩子,但是孩子仿佛已经赢得了 Nancy 的欢心。故选 B。 18.解析:选 C。考查动词。cover“覆盖”;shape“形成”;fill“填满”;make“制 作”。由下文“children of all ages”可知,这个家里全是年龄不一的孩子们。故选 C。 19. 解析: 选 D。 考查名词。 sorrow“忧伤”; loneliness“孤独”; disappointment“失 望”;smile“微笑”。由情理可知,当 Nancy 和 Roy 给孩子带来礼物时,孩子都十分高兴。 故选 D。 20.解析:选 C。考查名词。year“年”;season“季节”;Thanksgiving“感恩节”; reward“报答”。由上文 “Thanksgiving was only a couple days away.”可知,这是一 个很棒的感恩节。故选 C。 Ⅲ.语法填空 Traffic noise can shorten your life,new research suggests.1. (have)

to endure much noise has been linked to shorter life expectancy and a 2. (high) risk of stroke.People 3. (surround) by daytime traffic noise louder than 60db were 4 per cent (die) than those 55db—roughly the level of a loud (involve) heart or artery

more likely 4.

conversation.The extra deaths mostly 5. disease—6.

could in turn be linked to raised blood pressure ,sleep (live)

problems and stress brought on by noise.A total of 8.6 million 7.

in London between 2003 and 2010 provided data for the study.In London,more than
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1.6 million people 8.

(expose) to daytime road traffic noise louder than

this threshold.The study also found that adults living in areas with the noisiest daytime traffic were 5% more likely to be admitted to hospital for stroke than 9. from quieter neighborhoods.For the elderly , this increase in risk rose 10. 9%. 1.解析:Having。动名词作主语。分析句中成分可以看出句子的谓语动词是 has been linked,因此用动名词作主语。 2.解析:higher。用比较级与前面的 shorter 相一致。 3.解析:surrounded。逻辑主语 people 与 surround 形成被动关系,用过去分词作定 语。 4.解析:to die。be likely to do“可能”,是固定搭配。 5.解析:involved。纵观全文可以看出这是一个研究报告,报告内容用的过去时。 6.解析:which。此处引导非限制性定语从句,关系代词在句中作主语,用 which。 7.解析:living。逻辑主语与 live 形成主动关系,用现在分词作定语。 8.解析:are exposed。expose 在句中作谓语动语,be exposed to“暴露”。 9.解析:those。考查代词。指代前面提到的 adults。 10.解析:to。升高到 9%,用 to。 易错提醒:此处易误用 by,表示升高了多少时用 by。 Ⅳ.写作 来自美国的友好学校 Asheville School 的老师要来你校访问交流。假定你是高三学生 李华,你认为自己符合校团委招聘志愿者的条件,请用英语写一封自荐信。 志愿者招聘主要条件: 1.英语较好,可以用日常英语进行交流; 2.乐于助人,有奉献精神; 3.愿参加必要的培训,服从学校安排。 注意: 1.词数 100 左右; 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.开头语已为你写好。 Dear Sir or Madam,

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Yours, Li Hua One possible version: Dear Sir or Madam, News came that teachers from Asheville School in America would pay a visit to our school for communication.Having read your requirements,I am willing to be one of the volunteers. I am Li Hua,a Senior 3 student.I think I am qualified for the job.I have a good command of oral English,which can make me communicate with foreigners freely.What's more,I am always ready to help others and full of spirit of devotion.Aiming to do the work well,I'd like to receive any necessary training,and do whatever our school requires.Believe me,and I'll make full preparations and there is no doubt that I will be an outstanding volunteer. I would appreciate it if you could take my request into consideration. Yours, Li Hua

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