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动词不定式和V-ing形式作宾语的用法区别_图文

动词不定式和V-ing形 式作宾语的用法区别 ? 动词-ing形式与不定式都可用作宾语,其关系 比较复杂,一般有以下几种情况: 1、只能用动词不定式(作宾语)的动词: 四个希望三答应(hope, wish, expect, long; agree, promise, undertake) ? 五个想要巧安排(intend, plan, want, mean, desire; arrange) ? 设法学会做决定(manage, learn, decide, determine) ? 企图假装要选择(attempt, pretend, choose) ? 提供要求别拒绝(offer, demand, refuse) ? 威胁准备不失败(threaten, prepare, fail)。 ? 例如: ? We agreed to meet here but so far she hasn’t turned up yet. ? 我们同意在此见面的,但到现在她也没露面。 ? I wanted to have dropped her a line, but forgot to do so. ? 我原想写一封信给她,但忘记了。 2、只能用动词-ing形式(作宾语)的动 词(短语): ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 承认(admit)冒险(risk)别继续(keep), 理解(understand)原谅(excuse)和感激(appreciate); 推迟(delay)享受(enjoy)真可惜, 完成(finish)想象(imagine) 又建议(suggest, advise); 避免(avoid, escape)介意(mind)别延期(put off) , 错过(miss)宽恕(forgive)不考虑(consider); 允许(allow, permit)抵制(resist, stand)或放弃(give up), 坚持(insist on)练习(practice)要牢记。 例如: ? The teacher suggested doing the experiment in another way ? 老师建议我们换种方法来做实验。 ? Have you considered looking for a pen pal? 你是否考虑过找一位笔友? 另外,几乎所有介词,都能用动词ing形式作宾语,其中很多都是固定搭 配。 ? 例如: of doing 梦想 ? have difficulty (in) doing 在……有困难 ? succeed in doing 在……成功 ? feel like doing 喜欢 ? dream 3、既可用动词-ing形式也可用不定式 作宾语的动词: (1)意义相差不大:一些表示喜好或开始动作的动词, 如like, love, hate, prefer, intend, begin, start, continue等,用不定式作宾语和用-ing形式作宾语, 意义相差不大。例如: ? I started working/to work here two years ago.我两 年前开始在这里工作。 ? They prefer spending/to spend their summer vacation in the country. ? 他更喜欢在农村度暑假。 ? 1)作动词宾语时,两种结构在意义上有时差别不 大,这样的动词有: like, hate, prefer, begin, start, continue, intend, attempt, propose, deserve, need, can’t bear, 等。 1. Do you like playing (to play) chess? 2. When did you begin learning (to learn) English? 3. Your suit needs ironing ( to be ironed). 注 意 【1】在like ,hate, prefer 等动词之后, 如果表示一般倾向,多用动名词作宾语; 如指特定的或某次行动,则用不定式更 多一些。 1. I like reading books of this kind, but I don’t like to read that book. 2. She prefer walking to cycling. 3. I prefer to stay at home today. 注 意 【2】在begin, start, cease后,如果表示 有意识地开始(停止)做某事,多用动名 词;如果动作自动或突然开始(停止), 则多用不定式。 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. He began talking about his plan for summer holiday. Suddenly it began to rain. We started working on the program in 2001. The factory has ceased making motorcycles. After that she ceased to worry about her daughter. (2)意义完全不同: ①remember doing指记住过去做过的事, remember to do指记住将来要做的事,表示“不要 忘记”。 ? ②forget doing表示忘记过去做过的事,forget to do 表示“没有想起做某事”。 ? ③mean doing表示“意味着做某事”,mean to do 表示“打算做某事”。 ? ④regret doing表示对已做过的事感到后悔,regret to do表示对将要做的事表示遗憾。 ? ⑤stop doing表示“停止做某事”,