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Chinese family


1? The family scale is miniaturized ? 2? It is already common to have the only child ? 3? There are more & more empty nest families ? 4? The divorce rate is increasing continually ? 5? The changing status of women ?

1 The
?

miniaturized family scale

One survey done shows that every Chinese family has 3.6 members

1980s - 1990s ( 5~10 people )

1990s - now ( 3~4 people )

Flow of labour force freedom

reasons

(劳动力自由流动)

Marriage and family perceptions change

(婚恋观念改变)

2 The
?

only child

? This type of family has following characters
(1)live a life of 3 people (nuclear family) (2)close to grandparents without living together (3)child is family’s centre (4)parent-child relationship is more equal

? Problems the only child would be faced with
(1)provide for the elderly parent (2)adapt well to society (3)marriage matters

DINK
is shorten for “Double Income & No Kids”. This family pattern is popular, especially in metropolis. Nowadays, the number of DINK couples over 600,000 pairs in Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin & Guangzhou.

?Pursue free life ?Financial condition ?Deficient in energy

3

?

Empty nest family

Empty nest family (空巢家庭)
what why
The elderly people living alone without any children around With family structure to simplify and family scale miniaturization

problems
sickness , handicapping & mental trouble

need

spirit & material comfort

4? The

increasing divorce rate

The number of divorced couples from 1985~2005
(10,000 pairs)
200 150

178.5 121.3 105.5 80 45.8

100 50 0 1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

?4,500 couples divorce everyday ?Remarry rate is also high ?More highly educated women divorce

? In 1950s
result of rebelling feudal marriage

Divorce went through 4 historic stages in China

? In 1960s
attribute to women strived for equality of rights

? In 1970s
secondary product by political movement

? In 1980s
due to multifactor reasons

The 6 Reasons of continually increasing divorce rate
1?more open-minded & spiritual pursuit becomes more important 2?improved financial situation and position of women 3?social change
4?influenced by hedonism(享乐主义) 5?get married just for simple passion& impulse without deep consideration

6?law with simplifying processes&
loosening restrictions for divorce

For now, however, many people still hold the traditional value

? 82% Chinese people still agree on the point marriage is holy & Couples would live the rest of his/her life with each other. ? 87% people object to sex outside of marriage & one-night stand.

5

?

women’s states

independent income

main

reasons
education

consciousness of female subject

?The number of urban career women increased from 10% to 80%~90%

?Housewife declined from 90%

to

10%

?Until 1990,the Chinese employed women is 45% above the world average

?From 1950s, the income from women is 40% instead of 20% of the total family income

? > 65% couples make important family decisions together

? husband & wife gradually share the household task together

Household duties time: wife_4h & husband_2.7h

A parallel new trend in Chinese family

women right is expanding
vs

patriarchal system is declining
(女权拓展,父权衰落)

The traditional patriarchal family is disappearing The gender equality of modern democracy family is growing


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