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2014-- 2015 学年高二年级上学期第一次段考 英语科试题
2014-10-8 本试卷分选择题和非选择题两部分,满分为 150 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 注意事项: 1.答卷前,考生务必用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和考生号填写在答题卡上,用 2B 铅 笔将试卷类型填涂在答题卡上。 2.选择题每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑;如需改动,用橡 皮擦干净后,再选涂其它答案标号不能答在试题卷上。 3.非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卷各题目指定区域内的相应 位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后写上新的答案;不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以 上要求作答的答案无效。 4.考生必须保持答题卡、答题卷的整洁,考试结束后,将答题卷和答题卡一并交回。 第一部分:听力:( 共两节,满分 15 分 ) 第一节:听力理解 (共 9 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 9 分) 听下面一段对话,回答 1---2 题 1. What is the woman doing ? A. Asking for advice A. Advertise for a translater 听下面一段对话,回答 3----5 题 3. Why hasn?t the man decided when to hold the party ? A. He hasn?t decided who to invite yet. C. The time they?d chosen is not good for everybody. 4. When will the party begin ? A. At 4 pm. A. David B. At 7 pm. B. Lily C. At 8 pm. C. Bruce 5.Who is not coming to the party probably ? 听下面一段对话,回答 6----7 题 6.What helped Jack Gessner save the boys ? A.The tree B. The solid ice C. His professional training. B. The lake is dangerous because of thin ice. 7.What does the spokesman for the Lakeside Fire District mean ? A. It is too cold for kids to play outside. C.It?s safe to skate in the middle of the lake. 听下面一段对话,回答 8---- 9 题 8. What will the man do on Monday afternoon ? A. Leave for New York B. Attend a meeting

B. Making an appointment B. Read the job ad.

C. O ffering help C. Call the company

2. What will the woman probably do next ?

B. One of his friends is touring in Spain.

C. See his dentist

9. When will Mr. Wilson come to see Mr. Stanley ? A. At 11 am next Friday. B. At 3 pm next Wednesday C. At 5 pm next Monday 第二节:听取信息 (每小题 1 分,满分 6 分) Be ______ 11___________ Personal qualities a ______10_______ should have. Understand the ____ 12 ___ and feelings of other people. Be a bit of a(n) _____13_______. Be very ____14_____ Never stop ___15______ 第二部分 语言知识及应用(共三节,满分 60 分) 第一节:单项选择:(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 16. The speaker raised her voice a bit but still couldn?t make herself _______. A. hear B. to hear C. heard D. hearing 17. There will be a football match between China and Japan at the Worker?s Stadium this weekend. And the tickets are ________now at every ticket-office. A. usable B. valuable C. available D. suitable D. are, be shown 18. The foreign friends you referred to ___ looking forward to ____ around our university. A. are, being shown A. What B. being, being shown B. Who C. being, shown D. It 19. ________ makes this factory different is that it offers more personal services. C. That 20. The president ____________ the new economic policy. A. announced B. told C. informed D. promised 21. The poor boy always helps his father even though going to school _____ most of his day. A. takes up B. makes up C. sweeps up D. speed up 22. There are trees and flowers along both sides of the road______ our school. A. leading to B. defeated C. won D. gained 23. _____(separate) from other continents for millions of years, Australia has many plants and animals not found in any other country in the world. A. Separating B. Separated C. Being seperated D.Having seperated 24. The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see _____ the next year. A. carry out B. carrying out C. carried out D. to carry out 25. I found him sitting in his chair, completely __________ a magazine. A. absorbing B. being absorbed in C. absorbed in D. absorbing in 第二节 完形填空(共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) People often say that the Englishman?s home is his castle (城堡). They mean that the home is very important and personal. Most people in Britain live in houses _26_ flats, and many people own their homes. This means that they can make them individual (个人的). They can _27_ them and change them in any way they _28_. In a crowded city the individual knows that he or she has a private space which is _29_ for himself or herself and for _30_ friends.

People usually like to mark their space. Are you sitting now in your home or in a beach or a train? If you are on the beach you may have spread your _31_ around you; on the train you may have _32_ your coat or small bag on the seat beside you; in a library you may have one corner or chair which is your own. Once I was traveling on a _33_ to London. I was in a section for four people and there was a table between us. The man on the _34_ side to me had his briefcase on the table. There was no _35_ on my side of the table at all. I was made rather _36_. I thought he thought that he owned the _37_ table. I took various papers out of my bag and put them on _38_! When I did this he stiffened and his eyes nearly popped out of his head. I had invaded his space ! A few minutes later I took my papers _39_ his case in order to read them. He immediately _40_ his case to his side of the table. (Of course, it is possible that he just wanted to be helpful to me!) 26. A. rather than 27. A. buy 28. A. make 29. A. only 30. A. unwanted 31. A. towels 32. A. find 33. A. plane 34. A. opposite 35. A. matter 36. A. angry 37. A. right 38. A. the table 39. A. into 40. A. hid B. as well as B. leave B. clear B. already B. unexpected B. sands B. give B. train B. back B. weight B. hurt B. only B. his case B. for B. set C. as a result of C. paint C. like C. ever C. sick C. papers C. put C. way C. wrong C. light C. fearful C. small C. the seat C. off C. moved D. or rather D. offer D. prepare D. even D. invited D. flags D. store D. street D. good D. space D. busy D. whole D. his side D. out of D. kept

第三节:语法填空 (共 10 题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) Even today there are a great many wrong ideas about food. Some of them are very widespread. One such idea is that fish is the best brain food. Fish is good brain food just as it is good muscle food and skin food and bone food. ____41_ no one has been able to prove that fish is any ____42____ (good) for the brain than many other foods. Another such idea is that you should not drink water with meals. Washing food down ____43_____ water as a substitute for chewing is not a good idea, but some water with meals has been found to be helpful. ____44____ makes the digestive juices flow more freely and helps to digest the food. A few years ago the belief became general ____45_____ orange juice and milk should never be drunk at the same time. The reason ____46____ (give) was that the acid in the orange juice would make the milk curdle (凝结)and become indigestible. As a matter of fact, milk always meets in the stomach a digestive juice which curdles it; the curdling of the milk is ___47____ first step in its digestion. Still another wrong idea about mixing foods is that proteins and carbohydrates should never ____48_____ (eat) simultaneously. Many people think of bread, for example, as a carbohydrate food. It

is ____49_____ (chief) a carbohydrate food, but it also contains proteins. ____50______ the same way, milk, probably the best single food, contains both proteins and carbohydrates. 第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) A As prices and building costs keep rising, the “ do - it - yourself ” (DIY) trend (趋势) in the U.S. continues to grow. “ We needed furniture for our living room, ” says John Ross , “ and we just didn?t have enough money to buy it. So we decided to try making a few tables and chairs.” John got married six months ago, and like many young people these days, they are struggling to make a home at a time when the cost of living is very high. The Rosses took a 2-week course for $ 280 at a night school. Now they build all their furniture and make repairs around the house. Jim Hatfield has three boys and his wife died. He has a full- time job at home as well as in the shoe making factory. Last month, he received a car repair bill for $420. “I was deeply upset about it. Now I?ve finished a car repair course ,I should be able to fix the car myself.” John and Jim are not unusual people. Most families in the country are doing everything they can to save money so they can fight the high cost of living. If you want to become a “do- it -yourselfer”, you can go to DIY classes. And for those who don?t have time to take a course, there are books that tell you how you can do things yourself. 51. We can learn from the text that many newly married people _____________. A. find it hard to pay for what they need. C. take DIY courses run by the government A. run a DIY shop C. save time and money A. Makes shoes in his home C. Does his own car and home repairs 54. What can be inferred from the passage? A. It is not easy to keep a family in the USA for young people. B. Most people in the USA are quite good at doing things at home. C. There is a custom of making and repairing odds at home in the USA. D. People enjoy the happiness of DIY 55. What would be the best title for the text? A. The Joy of DIY C. Welcome to Our DIY Course! B The famous director of a big and expensive movie planned to film a beautiful sunset over the ocean, so that the audiences could see his hero and heroine in front of it at the end of the film as they said goodbye to each other forever. He sent his camera crew out one evening to film the sunset for him.

B. have to learn to make their own furniture D. seldom go to a department store to buy things B. make or repair things D. improve the quality of life B. Does extra work at night D. Keeps house and looks after his children

52. John and his wife went to evening classes to learn how to _______________

53. When the writer says that Jim has a full-time job at home, he means Jim ______.

B. You Can Do It Too! D. Ross and Hatfield: Believes in DIY.

The next morning he said to the men, “Have you provided me with that sunset?” “No, sir,” the men answered. The director was angry. “Why not?”he asked. “Well, sir,” one of the men answered, “we?re on the east coast here, and the sun sets in the west. We can get you a sunrise over the sea, if necessary, but not a sunset.” “But I want a sunset!” the director shouted. “Go to the airport, take the next flight to the west coast, and get one.” But then a young secretary had an idea. “Why don?t you photograph a sunrise,” she suggested, “and then play it backwards? Then it?ll look like a sunset.” “That?s a very good idea!” the director said. Then he turned to the camera crew and said, “Tomorrow morning I want you to get me a beautiful sunrise over the sea.” The camera crew went out early the next morning and filmed a bright sunrise over the beach in the middle of a beautiful bay. Then at nine o?clock they took it to the director. “Here it is, sir,” they said, and gave it to him. He was very pleased. They all went into the studio. “All right,” the director explained, “now our hero and heroine are going to say goodbye. Run the film backwards so that we can see the ?sunset? behind them.” The “sunset” began, but after a quarter of a minute, the director suddenly put his face in his hands and shouted to the camera crew to stop. The birds in the film were flying backwards, and the waves on the sea were going away from the beach. 56. One evening, the director sent his camera crew out _________. A. to film a scene on the sea C. to watch a beautiful sunset B. to find an actor and an actress D. to meet the audience B. Because he was angry with his crew.

57. Why did the director want to send his crew to the west coast? A. Because he changed his mind about getting a sunset. C. Because he wanted to get a scene of sunset. D. Because it was his secretary?s suggestion. 58. The director wanted to film a sunset over the ocean because ______. A. it went well with the separation of the hero and heroine B. when they arrived at the beach it was already in the evening C. it was more moving than a sunrise D. the ocean looked more beautiful at sunset 59. After the “sunset” began, the director suddenly put his face in his hands ______. A. because he was moved to tears B. as he saw everything in the film moving backwards C. as the sunrise did not look as beautiful as he had imagined D. because he was disappointed with the performance of the hero and heroine 60. Which of the following is NOT true? A. The crew had to follow the secretary?s advice. B. If you want to see a sunrise, the east coat is the place to go. C. The camera crew wasn?t able to film the scene the first day. D. The director ordered his crew to stop filming the “sunset”. C In 1957 a doctor in Singapore noticed that hospitals were treating an unusual number of

influenza-like cases. Influenza is sometimes called ?flu? or a ?bad cold?. He took samples(样本) from the throats of patients in his hospital and was able to find the virus of this influenza. There were three main types of the influenza virus. The most important of these are type A and B, each of them having several subgroups. With the instruments at the hospital the doctor recognized that the outbreak was due to a virus in group A, but he did not know the subgroup. Then he reported the outbreak to the World Health Organization in Geneva. W.H.O. published the important news alongside reports of a similar outbreak in Hong Kong, where about 15-20% of the population had become affected. As soon as the London doctors received the package of throat samples, doctors began the standard tests. They found that by reproducing itself with very high speed, the virus had grown more than a million times within two days. Continuing their careful tests, the doctors checked the effect of drugs against all the known subgroups of virus type A. None of them gave any protection. This, then, was something new, a new influenza virus, against which the people of the world had no help whatever. Having found the virus they were working with, the two doctors now dropped it into the noses of some specially selected animals, which get influenza much as human beings do. In a short time the usual signs of the disease appeared. These experiments proved that the new virus was easy to catch, but that it was not a killer. Scientists, like the general public, call it simply Asian flu. The first discovery of the virus, however, was made in China before the disease had appeared in other countries. Various reports showed that the influenza outbreak started in China, probably in February of 1957. By the middle of March it had spread all over China. The virus was found by Chinese doctors early in March. But China was not a member of the World Health Organization and therefore did not report outbreaks of disease to it. Not until two months later, when travellers carried the virus into Hong Kong, from where it spread to Singapore, did the news of the outbreak reach the rest of the world. By this time it was well started on its way around the world. Thereafter, W.H.O.?s Weekly Reports described the steady spread of this great virus outbreak, which within four months swept through every continent. 61. The doctor in Singapore performed a valuable service by ______. A. reporting the outbreak to Geneva. B. developing a cure. C. keeping his patients away from others. D. finding the subgroup of the virus. 62. One interesting thing about the virus in the story was that it _______. A. was especially weak. B. was similar to other viruses. C. had samples frozen and packed in dry ice. D. could reproduce with great speed. 63. The experiments in giving the virus to animals proved that this type of influenza was easy to catch __________. A. and could possibly cause death. B. and had rather mild effects. C. but was not deadly. D. and did not have the usual signs. 64. Which of the following statements is True? A. The virus of the flu in 1957 in Singapore belonged to type A and doctors could find drugs to defend against it. B. Before the outbreak in Singapore, the virus spread through China and Hong Kong. C. It was a Singapore doctor that first discovered the virus. D. The virus spread so quick that by March in 1957 it reached all over world. 65. What is the passage mainly about?

A. A Singapore doctor reported a flu outbreak. C. W.H.O. published reports of flu outbreaks.

B. Three main types of flu virus. D. Flu outbreaks in 1957 around the world.

D Most episodes ( 场合) of absent-mindedness-forgetting where you left something or wondering why you just entered a room – are caused by a simple lack of attention, says Schacter. “You?re supposed to remember something, but you haven?t encoded (译成电码) it deeply.” Encoding, Schacter explains, is a special way of paying attention to an event that has a major influence on recalling it later. Failure to encode properly can create annoying situations. If you put your mobile phone in a pocket, for example, and don?t pay attention, you?ll probably forget that the phone is in the jacket now hanging in your wardrobe ( 衣橱 ). “Your memory itself isn?t failing you,” says Schacter, “Rather, you didn?t give your memory system the information it needed.” Lack of interest can also lead to absent-mindedness. “A man who can recite sports statistics from 30 years ago,” says Zelinski, “may not remember to drop a letter in the mailbox.” Women have slightly better memories than men, possibly because they pay more attention to their environment, and memory relies on just that. Visual cues (提示) can help prevent absent-mindedness, says Schacter. “But be sure the cue is clear and available,” he reminds. If you want to remember to take medicine with lunch, put the pill bottle on the kitchen table – don?t leave it in the medicine chest and write yourself a note that you keep in a pocket. Another common episode of absent-mindedness: walking into a room and wondering why you?re there. Most likely, you were thinking about something else. “Everyone does this from time to time,” says Zelinski. The best thing to do is return to where you were before entering the room, and you?ll likely remember. 66. Why does the author think that encoding properly is very important? A. It helps us understand our memory system better. B. It enables us to recall something from our memory. C. It expands our memory capacity considerably. D. It slows down the process of losing our memory. 67. One possible reason why women have better memories than men is that ______. A. they have a wider range of interests B. they are more reliant on the environment C. they have an unusual power of focusing their attention D. they are more interested in what?s happening around them 68. A note in the pocket can hardly serve as a reminder because __________. A. it will easily get lost B. it?s not clear enough for you to read C. it?s out of your sight D. it might get mixed up with other things 69. What do we learn from the last paragraph? A. If we focus our attention on one thing, we might forget another. B. Memory depends to a certain extent on the environment. C. Repetition helps improve our memory. D. If we keep forgetting, we?d better return to where we were. 70. What is the passage mainly about? A. The process of gradual memory loss. B. The cause of absent-mindedness.

C. The impact of environment on memory. D. A way of encoding and recalling. 第四部分 基础知识部分 (共三节,满分 35 分) 第一节 单词拼写(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 71. Tommy wants to play with his friends outside and is u_________ to do his homework in his room. 72. Would you like to _____________________(安排) for a personal interview? 73. To our great d________________, the day turned out fine. 74. To build a road in the mountainous area is a real ____________________(挑战). 75. At the end of their meeting, it was a_______________ that an agreement had been reached. 76. I _______________(怀疑) that there was something wrong with the engine. 77. Our teachers are always very ______________(严格的) with us in our study. 78. This article can be d_______________ into four parts. 79. Our country _____________________(组成) of 56 people. 80. I put my reference books on my desk for ________________(方便). 第二节: 完成句子(共 5 小题,每空 0.5 分,满分 10 分) 81. 我感觉宠坏孩子该受到责备的是你的丈夫。

I feel _______ is your husband who ______ _______ _____ for the spoiled child.
82. 只是到卧病在床的时候她才意识到健康的重要性。 (倒装) ______ when she was ill in bed ______ __________ ____________ the importance of health. 83. 因为之前没有做足够的调查,这位专家得出了错误的结论。 The expert had not made enough investigation beforehand, so that he _____ ____ ___ 84. 由于被故事深深地感动,孩子们哭了起来。 (过去分词做状语) _________ _______ _______ _______ _______, the children began to cry. 85. 穿着专门为这次舞会买的漂亮衣服,女孩尽量让自己被人注意到。 (过去分词作定语和宾语补足语) Dressed in her beautiful suit specially ___ for the party, the girl tried to _____ ___ ___ at the party. 第三部分 基础写作 【写作内容】 假设你针对目前不少人讲汉语时喜欢夹杂着英语的现象进行了一次调查。请根据下表的提 示,用英语写一篇短文。 40%同学认为 60%同学认为 【写作要求】 【参考词汇】 有趣、好玩,喜欢这种方式;更有助于表达思想。 有点可笑;对学英语毫无作用;妨碍母语的学习。 只能用五个句子表达全部的内容。 现象:phenomenon 可笑:ridiculous _____


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