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外研社九年级上册英语课文


九上
Module1
Unit 1 3 Listen and read Betty: OK,come in and sit down! Daming: What’s happening? Lingling: We’re having a meeting. Daming: That’s news to me! I’m doing my homework.What ’s it about? Lingling: The school magazine. Daming: What school magazine? Betty: Right,listen up, everyone. Did anyone watch television yesterday evening? Did you see the interview with Becky Wang? Lingling: She sings with the band Crazy Feet. She’s my favourite singer. Tony: Yes, I saw it. She went to our school! Betty: Well, she started a school magazine called New Standard when she was a pupil here. So why don’t we start a school magazine, too? I’ve written down some ideas. We’ll write a diary of school events, and tell everyone about the school concert and the dance club. Tony: And the school basketball matches. Lingling: But who will write the articles? Betty: We’ll write the articles. Any more ideas? Tony: I know! I’ll do some reviews about our favourite bands and movies! Lingling: And I’ll do an interview with Becky Wang! Betty: Brilliant! Anyone else? Daming: How about “Homework Help”? Tony: Yes, some ideas on how to get good grades! Lingling: What’s your homework,Daming? Daming: I’m writing a composition called “What s a wonder of the world?” I’m reading about the ancient pyramids in Egypt. Betty:” Homework Help”. I think that’s a fantastic idea, Daming.

Unit 2 2 Read the passage and describe what you can see in the photo. Use some of the words in Activity 1. The greatest wonder of the natural world When I arrived, it was early morning and it was raining. I got out of the car, went through a gate and walked along a path. In the east, the sky was becoming light, but beside the path, it was still very dark. I knew it was there, but there was nothing to see.

After about a kilometre, a stranger appeared in front of me. “Am I going the right way” I asked. He knew where I was going. “Yes.” he replied, “you’ll ge there in five minutes.” Finally, I came to some rocks, and stopped. I looked carefully over them, but it was still too dark to see anything. Suddenly, the clouds cleared and the rain stopped. The sun rose behind me and beyond the rocks. I saw that the ground fell away and down to a river, far below me. I was on the edge of the Grand Canyon, one of the wonders of the natural world, I looked down to the Colorado River about 2 kilometres below me. If you put the three tallest buildings in the world at the bottom of the canyon, they still won’t reach the top. Then I looked across to the other side of the canyon. How far is it? It ’s 20 kilometres, maybe more. Finally, I looked to my left and to my right, and on both sides the canyon disappeared into the distance... Over 400 kilometres long. The Grand Canyon is not just big. It;s huge! That morning on the edge of the canyon, I asked myself a question. It ’s not “ How deep is it?” or “How wide is it?” or “How long is it? “ but “Is the Grand Canyon the greatest wonder anywhere in the natural world?” I know the answer. But what do you think?

Unit 3 8. Compete the passage with the correct form of the phrases in the box.

Around the world Stonehenge: a man-made wonder of the world Stonehenge is an ancient circle of stones in the south of England. It was built about 5,000 years ago. There are about 80 stones, and each is about five metres tall. The builders brought them from hills in the west of the country over 200 kilometres away. It was probably a place to bury dead people, or somewhere to study the stars and the sky at night. Some of the stones are missing, but it ’s still one of the most wonderful sights of the world. It is a wonder also because of this question: How did people move these huge pieces of stone from so far? No one knows the answer.

Module 2
Unit 1 3. Listen and read

Mr Jackson: Hello, Betty. What ’s up? What are you doing in the library? Betty: I was looking for some old copies of the school magazine. If I’ve got it right, it was called New Standard. Mr Jackson: That ’s right. As far as I remember, it was started by Becky Wang. We don’t have a

school magazine any more. It ’s a pity. Betty: Well, I’m thinking about start it again. Mr Jackson: Sounds like a good idea! Go on. Betty: I was also looking for something by Confucius and by Shakespeare. Mr Jackson: Really? That ’s a bit difficult for the school magazine. Betty: Well, I’d like a monthly article called “Great Books”—you know, someone read a favourite work of literature and writes an article about it. Mr Jackson: I see. Confucius’ works are still read by manny people today, and we’re still influenced by his thoughts. Ans Shakespeare’s plays are seen by million of peope wvwry year. But How about American writer, Mark Twain, for example. Betty: I don’e know. Mark Twain was an important writer, but he isn’t known as a great thingker like Confucius. Mr Jackson: No, but his book are still popular. In fact, he wrote my favourite book, The Adventure of Tom Sawyer. Perhaps that ’s what make “Great Books”—they ’re still read today. Betty: So why don’t you write the first article on “Great Books”? 7. Listen and repeat. Confucius’ works are still read/ by many people today,/ and we’re still influenced/ by his thoughts./ And Shakespeare’s plays are seen/ by millions of people every year.

Unit 2 2. Read the passage and check your answers to Activity 1 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer Here is our monthly article on a favourite great book. This month, or guest writer is Mr Jackson. My favourite great book is The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain. Tom lives with his aunt Polly in the quiet streets of St Petersburg, Missouri. He’s a lively and clever yong boy, and he finds himself in many exciting adventures. He runs away with his two friends, Huck Finn and Joe, to an island in the middle of the Mississippi River dor several days. With Huck he goes looking for treasure, with Becky he gets lost in a cave, and finally, they find a box of gold. My favourite scene in the book is when everyone thinks Tom is dead. He decides to go to his own funeral. He hides and watches for a time, and then suddenly he appears. Everyone is surprised to see him but they ’re also pleased to see him alive. Tom is hero of the story, but there are other important characters. Huck is an outsider and everyone is afraid of him. Becky is pretty with fair hair, Joe os Tom’s best friend, and Injun Joe is the bad man of the story. The themes of the story are to do with children growing up and becoming more serious. It describes how strangers are seen in small towns of America. Finally, it talks about freedom, social rules and how people are punished for bad behaviour. Why do I think Tom Sawyer id s great boo? Mark Twain wrote the story in 1876, but it ’s still read and loved by people all over the world today. And although it ’s only a story Twain wrote it in the everyday English of the southern states of American literature. Go on —read it! I know you’ll enjoy it, too.

Unit 3 8. Compete the conversation with the correct form of the phrases in the box. Around the world Plato Plato lives from 427 to 347 BC in ancient Greece. He travelled in Greece, Africa and Italy. He was a grat thinker. The modern world is still influenced by his thoughts about life, education, government, art, maths and science. When he returned to Athens, he taught philosophy at the Academy. Plato’s works are called The Dialogues.

Module3
Unit 1 3. Listen and read. Lingling: Hi, Tony. You look tired. Tony: Yes, I’m training with BIG, the Beijing International Globetrotters, for the School Basketball Competition. It’s the big match next week. Betty: Who’s it against? Daming: HAS. Lingling: What does HAS stand for? Tony: Haidian All Stars. Betty: All Stars 98 points to Globetrotters 52. So when will the match be held? Daming: Next Saturday. Are you coming? Betty: Yes. It’d going to be tough match. I’m going to write a report for New Standard. Lingling: I agree. Are you in the team, Daming? Daming: No, I wasn’t chosen this time. Why are you smiling, Betty? Betty: Well. I’ve seen HAS play several times this season and they ’re brilliant! And if you want my opinion... Tony: No, I don’t... Betty:...you’ve got no chance! What do you reckon, Linglinng? Lingling: I think you’re right, Betty. Daming: Well, you won’t be allowed to watch with our fans if that’s what you think! Betty: It’s true, Daming. Tony: Well, I don’t agree. We’re playing really well his season. I think we’re so good that we’ll be asked to play in the Olympic Games. Daming: Don’t let them get to you, Tony! (They leave) Lingling: Hee hee! Nice work, Betty! Betty: Of course. They ’re so mad with us that they will try harder to win, just to show we’re wrong.

8. Say the sentence Well, you won’t be allowed to watch with our fans if that ’s what you think! Now listen and check.

Unit 2 2.

Read the passage and choose the sentence which best expresses the main idea. Liu Xiang—trained for gold Sports yearbook 2004

For Liu Xiang, life as a sporting hero has just began. First of all, he’ll be invited to competitions around the world. He’ll be chosen to represent China at the Olympic Games. He’s a symbol of China’s international sporting success. And now that he’s well known all over the world, Liu Xiang will also be asked to appear in advertisements and films, and even to record music. But his coach Sun Haiping is making sure that he trains regularly. Liu Xiang will be advised by his coach on how to be a great sportsman, and by his manager on how to be a star. Liu Xiang is not an overnight success. He was born in Shanghai on 13th July, 1983 and, like many Olympic sports stars, he started training when he was very young.in Grade Four, he went to the Junior Sports School of Putuo District of Shanghai. Liu was encouraged at first to train as a high jumper. Then, in 1998, his skill at hurdling wad noticed by his coach Sun Haiping. Liu Xiang was helped by a special programme. It was set up in 2001 to help young sportsman and sportswomen. Liu’s races were recorded, and his performance was compared with the world’s best sports stars, Sun Haiping used the information to change Liu ‘s training programme. In 2002 he won his first international 110m hurdles event in Switzerland, and in the same year, a gold medal at the Asian Games in Korea. In 2004, Liu won the first Olympic gold medal in the same event for China in Athens, Greece. So what’s next for Liu Xiang? Has he found out that there’s more to life than training? Will he be encouraged to spend more time away from sport? No, Liu Xiang will go for more medals for China because he was trained for gold!

Unit 3 Around the world The Paralympic Games In 1948, Sir Ludwig Guttmann, a doctor at a hospital in England, began using sport as part of his patient’s treatment. He set up a competition with other hospitals at the same time at the London Olympics in that year. Over the next ten years, the competition grew bigger and bigger with more hospitals in England taking part. In 1960, at the Rome Olympics, Guttmann brought 400 athletes to compete. The modern Parallel Olympics (or “ Paralympics”) were born. More and more people take part in Paralympics, and at the Paralympics in Sydney, a total of

122 countries took part. Crowded stadiums and enormous media coverage across the world made this the best Paralympics ever.

Module 4
Unit 1 3. Listen and read Tony: Dad, can I ask a favour? Can I borrow your digital camera? Tony ’s dad: Why? Tony: I’d like to take some photos on the school visit to the museum next week. Tony ’s dad: Is this for your school magazine? Has it been published yet? Tony: Yes, tow issues have been published. But it’s going to be an online magazine from now on. Tiny’s dad: What’s wrong with an ordinary magazine? Tony: Do you mean using paper? It ’s too expensive. If the magazine is online, paper win’t be needed. That’s an important advantage. It ’ll be published on the school website, and it can be read on screen. Tony ’s dad: Well, that makes me think. Paper and printing have been sued for ages.we once got information from books, but now the same information can be read or even listened to on computer. Tony: I wonder...Can books be replaced computers? Maybe I’ll write something for the magazine!Anyway, about the camera...? Tony ’s dad: Here it is. The battery hasn’t been charged for a couple of months. It ’s been turned off since your mum’s birthday party. Tony: It doesn’t matter. I’ll see to that. Tony ’s dad: But you must promise that it won’t lent to anyone, and it won’t be left at school! Just look after it. Is that clear? Tony: Promised! 7. Listen to the sentences. 1 If the magazine is online, / paper won’t be needed. 2 It’ll be published / on the school website , / and it can be read/ on screen. 3 But you must promise / that it won’t lent to anyone, / and it won’t be left at school!

Unit 2 2.

Read the passage and match the main ideas with the paragraphs. Can books be replaced by computers? by Tony Smith

Every morning my father buys a newspaper on his way to work. Every day I open my books in class and start my lessons. Every evening my mother looks through magazines at home. And every night, i look at the posters with photos of David Beckham and Yao Ming on my bedroom wall before I go to sleep. Can we imagine life without paper pr print? Paper was first created about 2,0002 years ago, and has been made from silk, cotton, bamboo, and , since the 19th century, from wood. People learned to write words on paper to make a book. But in those days, books could only be produced one at a time by hand. As a result, they were expensive and rare. And because there weren’t many books, few people learned to read. Then printing was invented in China. The first printed books were made by putting ink on a wooden block and holding the paper against it. When printing was developed greatly at the beginning of the 11th century books could be produced more quickly and cheaply. As a result, more people learned to read. After that, knowledge and ideas spread quickly, in a way that can be compared with the introduction of the Internet in the 20th century. But will books be needed in the future? Today information can be received online, downloaded from the Internet rather than found in books, and information can be kept on CD-ROMs or machines such as MP3players. These machines are smaller and lighter than books so that they can be carried easily. Computers are already used in classrooms, and newspapers and magazines can already be read online. So will books be replaced by computers one day? No, I don’t think the Yao Ming poster on my bedroom wall will ever be replaced by a computer two meters high!

Unit 3 8. Around the world E-book As we can now write to each other with email, we can read wit e-books. E- books first appeared in the 1990s and have made great improvements in their technology. Notes can be written on an e-book, new books can be easily downloaded from the Internet, and it ’s much easier and quicker to search for passages. What ’s more, a lot of paper will be saved. Nowadays, the most advanced e-book is about 620g.18cm long, 12cm wide and 2cm thick. It looks like a real book. But e-books are more expensive than paper books, so not many people can afford them. However. With the rapid development of electronic technology, e-books will become more convenient and cheaper. It is said that in the near future there will be more e-books than paper books. Compete the sentences with the phrases in the box.

Module 5
Unit 1 3. Listen and read

Betty: Let ’s go to the Science and Technology room. It’s upstairs. Daming: Coming on! This way! I’m looking forward to this! Guard: Shh! Ni shouting! It ’s against the rules. Daming: But I want to go to upstairs before we have to go home. Guard: Hang on a minute! You mustn’t go there! Come back! Daming: What’s the matter? Guard: It’s closed until January. And the Natural History room as well. Tony: Oh dear. My classmates and I have got to write a report for homework by Friday. Well, let ’ go downstairs. Lingling: Why? Tony: I want to buy some postcards in the shop. Where’s Daming? Lingling: I don’t know. He’s gone off on his own. Tony: Look at this amazing sculpture. Guard: Don’t touch! You mustn’t touch it. Tony: sorry. I’ll just take a photo. Guard: No, you can’t take a photo, either. Look at the sign—”No photography”. Tony: I’m sorry. I wasn’t paying attention to what you were saying. I was looking at the sculpture. It looks very real. Lingling: Hurry up! You’re taking so long. Let’s go. Where’s Daming? Tony: It looks very strange. It ’s kind of familiar. It looks like。 。 。 Daming: Waaaagh! Tony:...Daming! Betty: Oh, very funny! No wonder it looks real. Lingling: It’s not a sculpture. It’s Daming!

Unit 2 2. Read the passage and answer the questions.

The science Museum in London by Tom Smith The most unusual museum in London is the Science Museum. In most museums, there’s no shouting and no running, and you aren’t allowed to touch the exhibits. But the Science Museum is different...because it’s noisy! People talk about what they can see and do there, and some of the machines are noisy as well. Visiting the Science Museum is fun and it’s a great way to learn

about science because you can work things out and try out ideas. When I visit the Science Museum, I go to the Launch pad. This is my favourite room because you can do physics experiments. For example, if you want to fill a bag with falling sand, you have to move a kind of truck on wheels into the correct position. I also go to the Pocket Show. You can learn how we travel into space and back again. Then I go upstairs to the Human and Nature room. You can compare your speed with animals there. You hear a noise and push a button. If you aren’t fast enough, the lion catches you! I’m faster than all my friends, but the lion still catches me. There are also rooms on transport, the environment and space technology, as well as maths, physics and chemistry. You can do a lot of things in this museum, but you have to obey some rules as well. For example, you mustn’t take photos of the exhibits in the museum. But you can buy postcards of them in the museum shops. Above all, the Science Museum is free. That means you can drop in for a few minutes or you can stay as long as you like—it’s open every day, from 10 am to 6 pm. So if you ever go to London , make sure you visit the Science Museum. It’s my favourite museum in the whole world.

Unit 3 5. Read the passage and answer the questions

The city of bath Bath, in the southern of England, is a very beautiful and interesting city—it’s a great favourite for doing sightseeing, like visiting the old Roman Baths in the town centre. A very interesting and little-known museum is the Museum of Postal History. Here you can discover how communication has changed over the years, from early letter-writing to modern-day text messaging. But if you just want to enjoy everyday things, Bath also has a lot to offer: there are riding schools for horse-riding, lovely areas for hill walking, a huge swimming pool and basketball courts. There are great bookshops and several video libraries, too, if you aren't an outdoors person! 9. Complete the passage with the correct form of the phrases in the box.

Around the world The Palace Museum The Forbidden City in Beijing was the home of the emperors of China for hundreds of years. Today it is one of the world’s most important museums. It was built from 1406 to 1420 in the Ming Dynasty and runs about one kilometre from north to south, and three quarters of a kilometre from east to west. The walls around the Forbidden City are about 10 metres high. The roofs are yellow and the buildings and walls are red, so when you see them against a blue sky, it ’s a very beautiful sight. About 8.000.000 people from all over the world visit it every year. It ’s the

biggest ancient palace in the world, and it has been a UNESCO World Heritage since 1987. It has a website and you can take a sightseeing tour of the treasures.

Module 6
Unit 1 3. Listen and read.

Betty: Hey, you guys! Guess what! We’ve just got an email from a reader of our New Standard! Lingling: Great! What dose it say? Betty: It’s from Zhao Ming. He says, ”I saw your enjoyable online magazine while I was doing my homework on favourite books.” Daming: He read Mr Jackson’s article! Betty: He says, ”When are you going to write about environmental education? I’m at a green school in Dalian...” Daming: What’s a green school? Betty: ”… and everyone agrees we must be careful about the environment. In fact, there are thousands of green schools in China.it ’s wasteful to throw away glass, paper and medal, so every class collects reusable waste,sells it for recycling. Tony: Nice idea! Betty: ”… and raises money to help students in poor areas. But it’s not just at school; it’s also at home that we save energy and recycle ..”. Daming: Such as …? Betty: ”… such as turning lights off, so we don’t waste electricity.And he finishes, ”I’m hopeful that if everyone thinks about pollution and recycling, we can protect the air and the oceans, and help save our world. If we don’t, the future is hopeless.” Tony: Let ’s ask Zhao Ming to write something. 8. Say the sentences aloud. Make sure you link the sounds.

1 When are you going to write about environmental education? 2 It’s wasteful to throw away glass, paper and metal, so every class collects reusable waste.

Unit 2 3. How to be green Read the passage and answer the questions in the first paragraph. by Zhao Ming

We all need a healthy environment, but we produce waste every day and it does harm to our envi

ronment. Though we are young, we can still do something to help. In fact, even the simplest ever yday activities can make a real difference to the environment. Here are some ideas for you. Reduce Reduce means ”use less.” Don’t waste things. This saves money and reduces pollution and waste going into the environment. Before we buy something new, think whether it is really necessary — or maybe the old one will be just as good! When we do buy things, choose local products if possi ble, and try not to buy too many things from abroad. Reuse Reuse means ”use again”. Use things for as long as possible. When we buy things, make sure that they last a long time. We should look after them so that they will last, and we should repair them if we can instead of throwing them away and buying new ones. Don’t use a paper cup or a paper ba g. It’s better to use a china cup and a lunch box because you can use them again. Recycle Recycle means ”change things into something else”. Although it takes energy to change somethin g into something else, it ’s better than throwing things away or burning them. Find out what can b e recycled in your neighborhood and take part in recycling programmes. We should also buy products made from recycled materials, such as recycled paper, to help save trees.

8.

Make suggestions about how to be green. Give reasons using because, so and so that.

Don’t throw bottles away because it’s better to recycle them. Do turn out lights so that you use less energy. Try to use recycled paper because it saves energy. Unit 3 6 . Read the ideas on protecting the environment. Put them in the correct column in the table. a Din’t buy anything made from endangered animals or plants. b Glass bottles and newspapers can be taken to recycling centres and reused. c Don’t take new plastic bags from the shop—reuse your old ones. e Turn off light when you don’t need them. f Use a bicycle or walk instead of using the car. Now listen and walk instead of using the car. 9 . Compete the conversation with the correct form of the phrases in the box. Around the world Environmental groups There are many groups which have formed to look after the environment. Friends of the Earth is the largest international network of environment groups, with many member groups in different countries. They do research, provide information and education about environment. They also

work with governments to create new laws to protect the environment. Some of the major issues they are involved with include climate change, forest management and fair trade between countries of the world.

Revision module A
13 . Read the passage and choose the best title. The Internet joins millions of computers all over the world, and today it is used by people all over the world. It was invented in the 1960s in the USA. The American government needed a network of computers for its army. Then in the 1970s scientists and businesspeople also wanted to use the Internet to send and receive messages. For some years, they weren't allowed to use the US network, and when they were allowed to, the messages were in very simple text without photos. The world Wide Web was invented by a British scientist named Tim Berners-Lee in 1989. He wanted to send documents to other scientists. so he developed the World Wide Web. This allowed him to send and receive scientific documents with text, drawings and photos (also called multimedia documents). In the 1990s, more and more people began to use the Internet and the World Wide Web. So what's the difference between the Internet and the World Wide Web? The Internet is the hardware. It allows us to communicate with other people. The world Wide Web is the software. It allows us to create, see and read multimedia documents. The web is made up of millions of documents called web pages. These pages are held in computers all over the world. Many people have a favourite website with a number of web pages on the same subject. Email is a way of using your computer to send and receive messages. It's cheaper and quicker to use email than send normal mail. New users call normal mail “snail mail” because it's so slow! It took 50 years for 100 million people to listen to the radio. It took 15 years for 100 million people to watch television. By the year 2000, it had taken only about three years for 100 million people to use the Internet. What will happen next on the Internet?

Module 7
Unit 1 3. Listen and read.

Tony ’s dad: Hi, Tony. What are you up to? Tony:I'm looking for the photos that you took in Australia. Tony ’s dad:OK,would you like a hand to find them? Tony:Great!Thanks.We're doing a project about countries that we want to visit,and I’m going to write about Australia.I have to imagine that I've been there,and that I'm writing a letter to Mum

and you. Tony ’s dad:Well,have a look at these. Tony:Let's see.Hey!What's that? Tony ’s dad:It's called Uluru.It's a huge rock in the centre of Australia.It's fantastic. Tony:And this building? Tony ’s dad:That's the Sydney Opera House.It's like a huge sailing boat with water on three side.And this one is a photo of a shark that I saw on the Great Barrier Reef. Tony:Wow!It's amazing!Did you see any kangaroos or crocodiles? Tony ’s dad:There were kangaroos that were jumping alongside the car on our way back from Uluru.But no crocodiles. Tony:They're great photos.By the way,can I borrow the camera again? Tony ’s dad:Why? Tony:Well,there's a photo competition that I want to win!I want to take some photos at our school dance next week. Tony ’s dad :I bet you do!OK,you can borrow it,but only once you've done your project on Australia. 7 、 Say the sentences aloud. 1 Great! Thanks. 2 Hey! What ’s that? 3 It’s fantastic! 4 Wow! It’s amazing! Unit 2 3.

Read the letter and find what the photos show. Thursday

Dear Mum and Dad, I’m writing this letter to you from the centre of Australia.At the moment we're staying near Uluru--that's the Aboriginal name for Ayers Rock.On the first day,we took a helicopter tour over the rock,and I was surprised at how big it was:3.6 kilometres long and 348 metres high.The colours of the rock are fantastic,and at different times of the day,they change from purple to red.The Aborigines are the first people of Australia,and the ancient Aboriginal stories describe the spirits that created the world.Uluru is a centre of Aboriginal culture. The Australians have many British relatives and they're like us in many ways.their family life is similar to ours,and they enjoy the same food and hobbies.The food and drink that most Australians like the grapes,lamb,ham and especially wine that make in the south of the country.They love all sports,but the games that they love the most football,cricket and rugby.Because most Australians live near the coast,they love going to the beach,swimming and surfing. Although it’s December, it ’s summer over here. The sunshine is very bright, and near the coast the countryside is very green. There are lots of sheep in the fields and on the hills, but the outback is more like a desert, full of rocks and sand. Most Australians speaks English, although they have some special expressions such as “ Good day!” and “No worries,mate.” They mean “ Hello!” and “Don’t worry about it. It’s not a problem!”

The next day after we arrived at Uluru, we went on a camel ride. The camel that I rode had a bad temper, and I got very tired. Everyone else thought it was very funny that my camel kept lying down... Finally , later this evening, we’re taking the plane back to Sydney and coming home. It ’s been a fantastic trip! Love. Tony Unit 3 1. Read the passage and underline all he examples of that. Many people that have been to Australia often say that Australia has more beaches tahn any other country—about 7,000!So it's not surprising that it has one of the most famous beautiful beaches in the world, called Bondi Beach. It's one of the most beautiful beaches I've ever seen. This is a huge , wide , sandy beach that is very popular for water sports, swimming and sunbathing. It's a great place to visit and to spend some time in. It's easy to get to by bus or train from the centre of Sydney. The hotel we stayed in was right on the beach. It was perfect! 9. Compete the conversation with the correct form of the phrases in the box. Around the world Cathy Freeman: an Australian and Aboriginal hero One of the great heroes that competed at Australia’s 2000 Olympics was an Aboriginal runner called Cathy Freeman. She is the first Aboriginal runner to win a gold medal at the Commonwealth games in 1994. When she won the gold medal for the 400-meter race in the 2000 Olympics, she carried both an Australian flag and an Aboriginal flag. She has become a symbol of how different cultures in Australia can get along. Many people think she has built "a bridge" that has brought the different cultures closer together.

Module 8
Unit 1 3. Listen and read. Lingling: There are a lot of people here! Tony: Well, everyone wants to come to the school dance. The trouble is, I want to get some good photos, but I can't see over people's heads. Daming: Are you going to enter the photo competition? Tony: You bet! By the way, is that He Zhong at the front? What's he doing here? Betty: Same as you! Daming: Who's He Zhong? Tony: He's the photographer who won the photo competition last time! Daming: The one who won the photo competition last summer? Tony: That's right. Lingling: Shh! It's the Blues Boys playing! It's the band which gets everyone dancing. Tony: Those drums are really loud! Maybe I'll go upstairs. Betty: OK, but look after your camera!

(Later ...) Betty: Hi, Tony. How did you get on? Tony: Fine. I got some great shots of the boy who plays the guitar on the left. Where is He Zhong? Betty: He left early. There was something wrong with his camera. Tony: Great! Now I'm in with a chance to win! Lingling: But, Tony ... where's your camera? Tony: It's here, in my bag. Oh no, it's gone! Betty: You're kidding! Tony: But I had it a minute ago. Perhaps I left it upstairs ... Betty: He's quite unhappy. Lingling: His father is the person who will be most unhappy. Tony's dad: Hi, everyone! Betty: Oh! Mr Smith! Help! I mean ... hello! Tony? Er, we didn't expect to see you! Tony's dad: I've just come to pick Tony up. Did he try out my camera? 7. Listen to the sentences. 1 Well, everyone wants to come to the school dance. The trouble is, I want to get some good photos, but I can't see over people's heads. 2 It's the Blues Boys playing! It's the band which gets everyone dancing. Unit 2 2. Read passage and check your answers to Activity 1 Results of student photo competition We were very pleased with the photo competition. Compared with other years, we received many more photos. Even though all of the photos are excellent, we can`t give prizes to everyone. There are four prizes, so read on to find out who the winners are. The person who won the prize for the Most Beautiful Nature photography is fifteen – year – old Li Wei. Li took photos of the mountains in Xiangshan Park. The park isn`t far from his home, about 500 metres, and he knows it very well. The photo which we liked best in the Historic China group was taken by Zhao Min. Zhao is only 12 years old. Her photo is of Tian`anmen Square, the largest public square in the world. It`s 880 metres from north to south and 500 metres wide at the northern end. Her photo shows the size and beauty of the square perfectly. The best photo in the Music category was taken by He Zhong. His photo of this year`s best band Crazy Feet shows the singer, Becky Wang, and the band playing at a concert in Shenzhen. He Zhong manages to show the movement and the sounds of this great new band, and the fun which their fans are having. A collection of photos called “The Many Faces of Our City” which features Beijing won the prize for Most Unusual category. Three pupils at the same school worked on his entry. It includes photos of different parts of the city, old and new. It successfully shows the rich culture which makes Beijing so famous. Congratulations to our winners and thanks to everyone who entered the competition. We are

very lucky that the famous photographer John William is in China to talk about his new book. He has agreed to present the prizes at the prize – giving ceremony at the end of his month.

Unit 3 9. Listen and choose he best answer. Around the world A famous photo Photos can change the way we think about things. This picture of the earth from space was taken by Bill Anders on the Apollo 8 trip into space. Even though now we can see many pictures from space, at that time, people weren’t used to seeing photos of the earth like this. It made people think about how small and beautiful the world was and how we need to take care of it. It has been called the most important environmental photograph ever taken. What do you think of it?

Module 9
Unit1 3. Listen and read. Daming: Oh dear! Where’s the camera? What’s Tony ’s dad going to say? Betty: This is like a cartoon story. Lingling: Why? Betty: I can imagine every drawing in the cartoon, and I know what the ending will be. Daming: The cartoons I like have lots of jokes. Lingling: But it's no laughing matter. This is serious. Betty: This isn't one of those cartoons which make you laugh. Daming: And the characters I like are heroes like Superman or Batman. Lingling: We need someone like Superman who can save Tony ... Mr Jackson: Hello, I'm looking for Tony. Daming: He's over there! Mr Jackson: Could you tell him I'd like to have a word with him? I've got a camera which has got his name on it. It was upstairs. Daming: That's good news. Shall I give it to him? Mr Jackson: OK. Here you are. Betty: Oh, Tony's dad is going over to speak to him. Daming: If Tony tells his dad that he's lost the camera he borrowed, he'll be in deep trouble. Lingling: How can we let Tony know that we've got his dad's camera? Daming: I know! Let's take a photo. He'll see the flash. Betty: That's a smart idea! Give it to me! Lingling: Well, it may not be very funny, but perhaps it'll be a cartoon which has a happy ending. Betty: And I'll be Superman!

7. Listen and repeat the senences. 1 This isn't one of those cartoons / which make you laugh. 2 The characters I like / are heroes like Superman / or Batman. 8. Say the sentences aloud. 1 We need someone like Superman who can save Tony ... 2 I’ve got a camera which has got his name on it. Unit 2 3. Read the passage and match the words in Activity 2 with the cartoons. Cartoon heroes Nemo, a cute orange-and- white fish,and Shrek, a huge green monster, have won the hearts of young people in China and all over the world.The heroes of popular cartoons are everywhere, on office desks, handbags, and computer screens. But there are some cartoon favourites which are older. The cartoons of the Monkey King has just had its “40th birthday”, Called Havoc in Heaven, it tells a story of a monkey who leads a group of monkeys against the rules of the Emperor in heaven. He flies into a peach garden and eats as many peaches as he likes. He makes a mess in each room in heaven. But it is above all the jokes that played by the monkey that people remember. “Havoc in Heaven” has become a common expression used by a parent or a boss when they return to the house or office and see a mess. Another favourite who has celebrated an important birthday in China is a reporter with red hair and a small white dog. Tintin has traveled to the jungles, the backstreets of Shanghai and even the surface of the moon. Tintin has been popular for 75 years, ever since Belgian cartoonist Herge invented that character in 1929. His books have been translated into more than 50 languages, and about 200 million copies have been sold. In December 1984 the whole series of Tintin began to be published in China. Many Chinese still keep collections of these black-and-white Tintin books. There are several fan clubs in China which have held birthday parties for Tintin in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Nanjing and Wuhan. Finally, Snoopy, Charlie Brown’s lovable dog who lives in his own private dream wold, also had his “50th birthday” celebrated by China’s Snoopy fans in 2000. “I didn’t draw the cartoons only for children. Adults who have experienced life understand them better,” said the late Charles Schultz, creator of Snoopy and the Peanuts cartoons. Unit 3 9. Compete the conversation with the correct form of the phrases in the box. Around the world Classic American cartoons: Batman & Spiderman Batman and Spiderman are two of the most famous American cartoons. Batman is older than Spiderman. The first Batman cartoon appeared in 1939. Batman is one of the few cartoon heroes who have appeared in books since 1940. Spiderman was created a little more recently. Spiderman first appeared in comic books in 1962. In 1977, he appeared in daily newspapers. The Spiderman cartoon has been in over 500 different newspapers around the world. Like Batman, Spiderman was also made into a television programme and was very successful.

Both of them have been made into films, which helped to popularize them more widely, especially among children. Many try to imitate them. When they can’t fly, like Batman, they might try to walk on walls or even try to climb up them. But the main thing they should try to learn from Batman or Spiderman is to do good things for people, to help those who are unhappy or in trouble.

Module 10
Unit 1 3. Listen and read Lingling: How was your basketball training? Tony : It was OK , but I'm a bit tired . My legs ache a bit . Lingling : Don't give up if you want to stay fit . you're lucky you're only playing in the school team!I’ve got a friend whose brother is training for the Olympics . Daming : There’s a boy in our team whose parents want him to go to a sports school . But he’s not fit or strong enough . Lingling :He'll need to take a lot of exercise―go running or do weight training . Daming : So what happened about the camera , Tony ? Tony : Don? t take to me about that!I think my dad guessed that I nearly lost it at the school dance . I? m not allowed to use it any more . Daming : But we need some photos of the next basketball match.Are you going to buy a camera ? Tony : Unlikely!It? s my father who gives me my pocket money,and he? s the person whose camera I nearly lost . Betty : Hi , everyone . Guess what ?I’ve just bumped into the head teacher . He said he wanted to see me. Daming:What ? s up ? Betty: He wants to talk about New Standard. Daming: Ask him if he wants to write something about staying healthy . Betty : He doesn’t look like someone whose fitness and health interest him very much ! Daming: Good luck, Betty. 6. Say the sentences aloud 1 I’ve got a friend / whose brother is training / for the Olympics. 2 There’s a boy in our team / whose parents want him / to go to a sports school . Unit 2 2. Read the passage and match the headings with the paragraphs. Feed me better Jame Oliver is a young cook who wants to improve school dinners. In 2005 he went back to school to see what the children were eating.

Jamie asked the children what their meals were like. "We have hamburgers and chips, or pizza," they told him,"and sometimes there is fruit, but we prefer ice cream."Jamie thought the menu was terrible. The children were eating junk food, and it was a problem. Junk food isn't just bad for the body. Children whose midday meals were unhealthy were difficult to teach in the afternoon. Teachers said that children behaved very badly after lunch. When Jamie took vegetables into class, the children didn't know what they were. Jamie realised that the children didn't know about healthy food. Then he talked to the people who worked in the kitchens. He found out that they didn't know enough about food and health, and they didn't have very much money to spend. He decided to teach the cooks and the children about healthy food. It was hard work! He cooked healthy meals for them including meat, rice, pasta and vegetables, but a lot of the teenagers refused to eat the new food. Jamie showed them why the junk food wasn't healthy. In the end, when Jamie persuaded them to try his cooking, they liked it! Jamie talked to the government. He told them they needed to ban junk food from schools, train the cooks, educate the children and spend more money on school dinners. A lot of parents, teachers and children agreed with him. The newspapers wrote articles about him, and a TV programme showed his visits to the school. Jamie is a cook whose ideas are changing school dinners all over Britain. Unit 3 8. Complete Lily ’s diary with the correct form of the phrases in the box. Around the world Spa One of the most traditional ways to stay healthy in Europe has been to spend a few days at a spa. A spa is a place with a spring of hot water, and the water usually had special qualities to treat certain illnesses. People either swim in it or even drink it---it may not taste very nice but it’s meant to be good for you. Some of the most famous cities in Europe are spa towns, such as Bath in England, Evian and Vichy in France, and the city which gave its name to the hot springs, Spa in Belgium. “Taking the waters” is only one reason to stay in these towns. They also have elegant hotels, good food and many other sporting or cultural activities which give the visitors a chance to relax.

Module 11
Unit 1 3. Listen and read. Tony: So what’s next for New Standard? Daming: How about another "Homework Help"? Tony: What's this week's homework? Lingling: Population. There are too many people and there is not enough space, and there is too much traffic, noise and pollution. Daming: Well, we're in the right place to talk about it. Beijing is a big city. Lingling: That's right, although Chongqing is the biggest city in China. But an increasing

population is an environmental problem in many countries. Tony: Along with the crowds, the smoke, and the transport problems. Let's look up some facts ... Ah, how about this? Every minute 259 babies are born. Lingling: That makes 136,130,400 babies every year. Tony: And the population of China is about one billion, three hundred million ... Lingling: ... about 20 percent of the world's population. (Betty is coming toward them ...) Tony: Hi, Betty. How was your appointment with the head teacher? Betty: Hi! It was OK. You know the school prize-giving's coming up next week, with the usual form prizes, the basketball competition ... Daming: And the photo competition ... Betty: ... and a special prize for New Standard, the best new school magazine in Beijing. Daming: That's thanks to my "Homework Help". Betty: And guess who's going to present the prizes? Daming: No idea! Betty: Becky Wang, the singer with Crazy Feet, and the person who started New Standard! Tony: I don't believe it! 7. 1 150,000 4 5,600,000 Listen and repeat the numbers. 2 500,000 3 2,100,000 5 82,550,000 6 200,030,040

Unit 2 2. Read the passage and check your answer to Activity 1. Visions of the city Jo is 15 and lives in Parkville.When Jo's grandparents first came to Parkville 50 years ago, it was a quiet country village in the centre of the country. At that time, they had a small house on the edge of town, with some fields and the hills in the distance. But Parkville was close to a big city, Arnwick, with about 200,000 people.people from the countryside began to arrive in Arnwick to find jobs and have a better life. Howere, it was expensive to live in the centre of Arnwick, decided to build flats around the edge of the city. And soon, Parkville became a suburb of Arnwick. It now has over a million people. Jo's family live in one of those new flats--there's no room for small houses any more. The small local school in Parkville closes down five years ago. Jo goes to a school close to the centre of Arnwick, with 2,000 pupils. No one knows all their names. It takes Jo an hour to get to school, and this adds to the traffic and pollution. But it's not her fault. She liked her old school. Arnwick needs larger hospitals and more doctors, better public transport and fewer private cars. There need to be more shops and offices. It also needs clean water and no rubbish in the streets. It's difficult to run a big city, and to protect people from crime. So it also needs more laws and more police, and more taxes to pay for everything. Well, what do you think of all this? Do you like the things which are happening in Parkville? In fact, "Visions of the city" is just a story. But does your town have the same problems as Arnwick?

Unit 3 11 . Compete the passage with the correct form of the phrases in the box. Around the world Population and water In many countries, over population and the shortage of water are the main problems. With more and more people, less and less water is available. A lot of the available water is polluted or carries disease. There is less available water underground now than there used to be. This also means that it will be more and more difficult to grow food. Many people must walk hours to bring water back to their homes. With more and more people in the world, getting good clean water is becoming a problem in many places. This pie chart shows how much water might be available in the year 2050.

Module 12
Unit 1 3. Listen and read.

Lingling:Are you OK,Betty? Your hair looks nice! And you look smart, Daming. Daming: My new trousers are a bit tight ... Tony:Everyone is watching us. The whole class is just behind us. Head teacher: Ladies and gentlemen, welcome to our school prize-giving. Our special guest is the singer with Crazy Feet.The group is very popular-- everyone in my family is a huge fan! Please give a warm welcome to Becky Wang! (Applause) Becky Wang: I'm pleased to present the prizes today. As a pupil , my time here was very important ... (Later) ... so finally, the New Standard team gets the special prize. You're flying ... to Los Angeles! (Cheers) Your travel is free, your accommodation is with American families, and your pocket money is 100 dollars each. Lingling and Daming are doing an English course. It starts on 1st August and your host family is meeting you at the airport. Tony : (whisper) What about us? We speak English already! Lingling: Shh! Becky Wang: And Betty and Tony, the good news is ... you're coming to watch Crazy Feet record its latest CD. We start work in the studio on 3rd August. Tony:But I haven't got anything to wear! And my jeans are too small. My sunglasses are very old. Betty: Don’t be silly,Tony! It's a wonderful prize! Becky Wang: Thank you very much, It;s been wonderful to be here . 7. Say the sentences aloud. Make sure you pause between each sense group. Ladies and gentlemen, welcome to our school prize-giving. Our special guest is the singer with

Crazy Feet.The group is very popular-- everyone in my family is a huge fan! Please give a warm welcome to Becky Wang! Unit 2 2.

Read the passage and choose the best answer.

Learn English in Los Angeles We provide summer English courses which are the best you can find. You will enjoy coming to Los Angeles to learn about American culture and improve your English at the same time .The courses last for four, six or eight weeks. They start at the beginning of July and August. Our teachers are well-trained and very experienced. They teach English classes for four hours a day. You can choose between small groups of two of three ,or larger groups of up to 15 . We provide weekly tests to see the progress you're making with your language skills of reading, writing, speaking and listening. We also provide books and other materials. As well as learning English,we want you to experience life in the USA . You live with an American family , and you take part in American life. You have meals with an American family and do some activities with them, too. For many of our students this is the most interesting part of the course, Many families create friendships with the students which last a long time. Of course, if you prefer, we can arrange hotel accommodation. Of course, there are many things to do in Los Angeles. Every day we have activities which take place after class. You can choose to take trips to Hollywood, Disneyland or the famous beaches around LA. You can also go to various shopping centers, movies and concerts. There are also weekend visits organized to San Francisco and other places of interest in California. We try to give our students the best possible experience of English and life in the USA.Just ask our students! They say our summer English Courses are fantastic! We hope that you'll enjoy a course with us,too. If you're interested, please fill in our application form where you will also find our list of prices. The course must be paid for one month before it begins.

Unit 3 8. Listen again and complete the advertisement. Around the world Summer camps In many countries summer camps for children are very popular. In Canada and the USA some of the summer camps are in the countryside or on lakes. The children stay there for one to four weeks and sleep in tents or cabins. In the morning they get up for a good breakfast. Then they do arts and crafts activities, sports activities or music. Sometimes they go for long walks in forests or trips in canoes. They learn many useful outdoor and water skills. Often in the evenings, they gather around a big campfire to sing songs or tell stories. For many children it is the first time they are away from their families for more than a few days.

For many older students, the summer camps provide good jobs for the summer.

Revision Module B
16 . Read the passage and decide who and what you can see in the photos. The school of the Air My name is Belinda Black.I’m 13 years old and I come from Mount Elm Sheep Station in South Australia. I’ve got two sisters-Jeffers is 11 and Lisa is 7. We’re all pupils at the school of the Air. The school of the air is actually a school for children who live in the outback, and who are in aplace which doesn’t have a local school. Our teacher is at Port Augusta, a city which is about 160 kilometers away. Most people in South Australia live in big cities, but there are some people who live on farms in the outback. My mother lived in Mel bourse before she met my father, so she knows about city life. She says she thinks it’s safer here, because there’s no traffic, no noise, no pollution, not many people and lots of space. In the mornings, we go to our classroom at 8:45.It’s really just a small wooden building. When we get there, we turn on the radio and listen to what we should do. And from then until 12, we just do our normal lessons. In the afternoons, our mum makes us do some homework-well, not homework, but extra work. We send our exercise books to our teachers on Friday night and they mark them every Monday and Tuesday, and then they send them back again. We get them when the email arrives every Wednesday.We also talk to our teacher once a week for 10 minutes. She tells us if we’re making progress. We also use the Internet and the telephone to contact our teachers more quickly, but it’s still the radio which is the most important way of doing our lessons. Next year I'll start my senior school in Port Augusta. I'll spend the week there, and come home at weekends. It'll be fun to be with girls of my age, but I'll miss my family, and I hope I'll be happy there.


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