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初中英语时态超好讲解改


杭六中 任海娜

二、时态的种类:初中常见的6种时态
一般现在时 一般过去时 一般将来时

现在进行时

过去进行时

现在完成时

各种时态的用法
一、一般现在时
1.用法: 2.结构: 3.标志词:
A.现在经常性的动作或状态B. 客观事实和真理。
always,usually,often, sometimes, never, every day /week/month/year/…

gets 1.The boy usually___(get) to school early. 2.Light travels ______(travel)faster than sound.

一般现在时的注意点:
,as soon as, until, after, before等到引导的时间状语从句和if 引导 的条件状语从句中, 用一般现在时表示将来.
如果明天不下雨,我们将去野营。 If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, we’ll go camping. ——————————————————— 她一到达那儿,就会给你写信。 She ’ll write to you as soon as she gets there . ——————————————————————
、 在when

二、一般过去时
1.用法: 过去的动作或状态。 2.结构: 2.标志词: yesterday,the day before yesterday, three days ago, last night/week/month…,in the past;just now=a moment ago

三、一般将来时 1.用法: 将来的动作或状态。 2.结构: 3.标志词:
tomorrow,the day after tomorrow,in three days,in (the) future,next week/month/term…, from now on

三、现在进行时
1.用法: A.现刻动作:目前正在发生的动作。 B.现阶段动作:目前一个时期一直 在进行的动作,此刻不一定在进行。
is/am/ are + doing

2.结构:

3.标志词:now,Look! Listen! 中考模拟: --Mike, who____football in the yard? --Let me go and see. (2010顺义) A.has played B.will play C.was playing D.is playing

注意
1.--Lucy! Would you like to give me a hand? --OK. I____. A.will come B.come C.am coming D.would come

A.有几个瞬间动词可以用现在进行时表将 来,如:begin,start,come,go,leave。

2.--When____you____for Toronto? --Tomorrow. A.do;leave B.are;leaving C.will;leaving D.shall;leave

B.现在进行时和always连用,表示说话 人较强烈的感情色彩。
? The boy ______always helping us! (夸赞) ______ is

?You ____ always makingthe same mistake! _____ are (责备)

四、过去进行时
1.用法: 过去某时某段时间正在进行的动作。 2.结构:was/were +doing 3.标志词:at that time,this time
yesterday,then,when…

五、现在完成时 1.用法:
1

过去的动作对现在的影响。 I have finished my homework.

2

过去的动作持续到现在,还可能继续持续 I have stayed here for an hour!

2.结构

have/has+done

3.标志词:already, just, yet, ever, never, so far(till now/up to now), recently, in the past 3 years, before, since+时间点,for+时间段

4.瞬间动词和延续性动词 若句中出现时间段,则必须使用 延续性动词。瞬间动词和延续性动 词转换关系如下:

1.The film began 5 minutes ago. The film___ ___ ___ for 5 minutes. has been on

2.They left an hour ago.
3.The man died a week ago.

have been away They____ ____ ____for an hour. The man___ been dead for a week. has ____ ____

4.He joined the club 3 days ago. He___ ____ ___the club for 3 days. has been in 5.They got married 10 years ago. They____ ____ _______for 10 years. have been married 6.He came here an hour ago. He___ been here since an hour ago. has ____ has ____home for 2 hours. Jack___ been

7.Jack got home 2 hours ago.

has been 8.Mum opened the door just now. The door___ ____open for a while. have kept 9.I borrowed the book a week ago. I____ _____the book for a week. 10.I bought the car a year ago. have had I____ ____the car since a year ago.

动词的时态结构歌谣
一 一般现在时,动词用原型; 般 单数三人称,动词加“s” 。 时
I work. He works. I worked.

一般过去时,动词加“ed”。

现在进行时, 进 am,is,are,-ing。 行 过去进行时, 时 was,were,-ing。

将 来 一般将来时, 时 will加原型。

完 成 时

现在完成时, have/has加过分。

Exercise
1.The volleyball match will be put off if it .

A . will rain B. rains C .rained D. is raining
2.---Do you want to see the film “Harry Potter ”?

---The film “Harry Potter Ⅱ”? I _____ it . It’s
very wonderful. (2008黄岗中考)

A.see B.have seen C.was seeing D.has seen
3.The boy ______________(not swim) in hasn’t swum the river yet.

4.--- Where is your father? --- He ___________ (watch) TV in the room. is watching
5.---Where is Liu Mei?

has gone --- She___________(go) home.
will rain 6.We don’t know if it ___________(rain) tomorrow. If it ________ (rain) tomorrow, rains we’ll not go for a picnic. were doing 7.He asked what time they___________(do) at eight last night. joined 8.I know that he _________(join) the army in1985.

has 9 .He’s not hungry. He_____ just________ (have) lunch. had 10. I’m sure he ____________(work) it will work out in one hour. visited 11.---______the Blacks __________(visit) Have the Great Wall before? ---Yes , they_________. have ---When _______they _______(visit) it? did visit ---Only a month ago.

1.Sorry,I____to help you at ten.I was busy at the moment. A.won't come B.can't come C.didn't come D.shouldn't come 2.He_______this pen for five years.He______it in 1997. A.has bought,bought. B.bought,bought C.has kept,has bought D.has had,bought 3.She_________the flowers in the garden when I_________to see her yesterday. A.watered,went B.was watering, went C.watered,was going D.was watering,was going 4.I don 't know if my friend_________.If he _________,I'll let you know. A.comes,comes B.comes, will come C.will come,comes D.will come,will come

5.It______10 years since I______here. A.is,come B.is,have come C.was,came D.is,came 6.His brother_________from home for a long time. A.has left B.has been away C.left D.will leave 7.--Lucy,___you____your ticket? --Not yet. (2003河北省) A.did;find B.have;found C.has;found D.do;find 8.--I don’t know if his uncle____ --I think he___if it doesn’t rain. A.will come; comes B.will come; will come C.comes; comes D.comes; will come

9.--Hurry up! It’s time to leave. --OK,____.(2003江西) A.I’m coming B.I’ll come C.I’ve come D.I come 10. I must return the camera to Li Lei, I____it for two weeks. A.keep B.borrowed C.have kept D.have lent (2003辽宁) 11.--When__ this kind of computer__? --Last year.(2002天津) A.did; use B.was; used C.is; used D.are; used 12.--Jerry,____you____your lost book? --Not yet. A.did;find B.have;found C.has; found D.do;find 13.Do you know if____back next week? If he____back,please let me know.(2002黑龙江) A.he comes, will come B.will he come; comes C.he will come; comes D.will he come, will come

考点一:

被动语态的基本结构:

be + done
有各种时态的变化

? 一般现在时的被动语态: ? am / is / are + done

一般过去时的被动语态: was / were + done
一般将来时的被动语态: will + be + done be going to + be + done 现在完成时的被动语态: have / has + been + done 含有情态动词的被动语态: 情态动词 + be + done

考点二:

被动语态中的特殊情况:

① Good medicine ___ bitter to the mouth. A. tastes B. is tasted C. taste

② This pen ___ well. A. is sold B. sell

C. sells

感官动词, 和sell,write,wash等 动词用主动语态表被动.

Many people ___ during the earthquake in May, 2008. A. were died B. dead C. died
happen, die,fit,take place, come true, 等动词 不使用被动.

主动: 被动:

? see / hear sb. do sth be seen / heard to do sth ? make sb.do sth. be made to do sth.

使役动词和感官动词再变为 被动语态时必须还原TO

The man ____ clean the toilet because he ___ rubbish bout when the police walked past the park. A. was made; was seen to throw B. was made to; was seen throwing C. made; saw

Children should ___. A. take good care of B. be taken good care C. be taken good care of 固定短语的被动不要丢掉后面的 介词或副词

Your desk ___. A. needs repair B. needs repairing C. needs to repair need/requir可以用-ing形式表示被动 need to be done = need doing

巩固训练: 1.The key __for locking the classroom door. B A.uses B. is used C.is using D.use 2.A new school __over there in two years. B A. may built B.may be built C. is built 3. He was made B __yesterday. A.cry B.to cry C.crying D.to be cried 4.The PRC__on October 1,1949. C A.was found B. is found C. was founded D. is founded C 5.A talk on Chinese history__in the school hall next week. A.is given B. has been given C. will be given D. will give

Many thnks!


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