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book8 unit1 Using language


人教课标版 高二 选修 8 Unit 1

Using language

Look at the pictures, read all the

exercises and guess what the listening is about.
? It is about a place in America. ? It is about California. ? It is about Joshua Tree National Park.

George is on holiday in the United States and he is touring around California. He is telephoning his friend Christie. Listen to their conversation and check your prediction.

Listen to the tape again and answer the following questions.

1. Where did George’s tour start and in which direction has he been travelling?
He started in northern California, and he has been travelling south.

2. What surprised George about California? The facts that not everybody is rich, not everybody lives on the coast, and the desert in California is not like the rest of the climate of California, surprised him.

3. Why did George have the wrong idea about California before he went there?
He had watched too many American movies.

4. Why are there so many different kinds of music, food and art in California?

Many people from different countries moved to California. They brought their own customs, culture and food. They kept them up and so produced the large variety of food, music, customs, art and cultural activities.

Listen again and complete the postcard George wrote. Dear Christie, I’m here in Joshua Tree National Park, in _____________________. southeastern California Have been traveling around the state of California for three weeks now. Very different from what I have seen

in _______________. ___ American movies Not everyone is rich and not everyone lives near the ___________. beach/ coast First travelled southeast through rich farmland then to the central part. They grow everything here including _____________________ cotton, vegetables, nuts and fruit. Cattle too. Then traveled further__________ southeast into mountains and ______. desert

Californians are very friendly, and they are from many different _____ races and cultures. Every culture has its own ________, festivals _______, music food and art. Most interesting. Wish you were here. Give my love to Paula. Yours, George

Speaking (Activity 5 on page 7)
Listen to the conversation carefully, pay attention to the two types of feedback information that people give and write down the questions and expressions that Christie uses. Questions and expressions. We need feedback in a conversation when speaking on the telephone because verbal clues are necessary when you cannot see the person’s face.

? What questions does Christie ask George? Where are you? Where’s that? What are you doing down there? Really? So how’s the trip been? And what about…? What’s it really like? What other scenery is here? Such as? Hispanic?

? What expressions does Christie give Goerge to encourage him to continue the conversation?
Cool. Yes, that’s right. Lucky you! Mmm, sounds interesting. Wow. Sounds fantastic! On I see. Sounds great. Gosh, George! Just as I thought.

Talk about traveling to some places. Try to use the expressions you have learned from the listening text.

Student A Place

Student B

Polite, wellPeople educated, warmhearted

staff's sense of environmental protection

Student B throughout the Hot and year and muggy; Climate uncomfortable temperatures here are extremely variable!

Student A

Student A Chinese and Interesting Japanese things gardens; Chinatown

Student B the transparent and multicolored water in its lakes; Tibetan professional performance

Sample dialogue:
A: Where have you visited recently?

B: Singapore, a thriving independent
city-state located just off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula. That’s marvelous. A: What is the climate like?

B: Hot, muggy and uncomfortable. A: What did you think about the people? B: Polite, well-educated, and warmhearted.

A: What other interesting things did you
see?

B: I visited Chinese and Japanese

landscape. Their designs are embodied in these neighbouring gardens. The Imperial Sung Dynasty style is clipped to perfection within the 13-hectare (33-acre) Chinese Garden. It boasts the world’s largest Suzhou-style Bonsai garden outside of China, containing over 1,000

plants. The symmetry and simplicity of Zen aesthetics is the motif of the Japanese Gardens with its peaceful rock gardens and summerhouses. A: That’s interesting. What else did you do? B: I went to Chinatown, which is set against the backdrop of

Singapore’s modern infrastructure and the prosperous financial district. The area is a receptacle of traditional

Chinese customs. Yixing Xuan’s
Teahouse provides a fascinating insight

into the ancient, ritualistic art of teamaking while a visit to the Thian Hock

Keng Temple leaves one in awe of
Chinese traditions of worship and symbolism. A: Fantastic job!

Reading on page 7
Alcatraz island has served as a harbor fortification, military detention facility and maximum-security federal penitentiary. The West Coast’s first and oldest operating lighthouse is also located on Alcatraz. Today Alcatraz is one of San Francisco’s top tour attractions that often sells out.

cable car

cable car and Alcatraz

Known for its historic waterfront, delicious seafood, spectacular sights and unique shopping, Fisherman’s Wharf offers a wide array of things to do for everyone. Our fabulous location in the 'City by the Bay', puts you within minutes of the Maritime Museum,

Alcatraz, Coit Tower and everyone’s
favorite, the world famous San

Francisco Cable Car lines. Fisherman’s
Wharf offers some of the most incredible views of the San Francisco Bay, the Golden Gate Bridge and the cityscape.

The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning over 1,280 meters to connect San Francisco to the surrounding northern Californian counties. The bridge was the longest suspension bridge in the world at the time of its completion in 1937 up until 1964. The bridge stands 67 meters above the water, with its towers reaching 227 meters above the water.

George’s diary 12th—14th June
Fast reading: Read the text quickly and write the day he saw these things under the photos on page 7.

Wednesday (Angel Island)

Monday (Fisherman’s Wharf)

Tuesday (Chinatown)

Tuesday (blue and white road signs)

Wednesday (Golden Gate Bridge)

Monday (cable car)

Reading
1. Read the text carefully and complete the form. Monday * Went straight to hotel and ________ dropped my luggage, then went exploring ________. * Rode on _________. a cable car * Visited Fisherman’s Wharf.

Tuesday ? Teamed ______________ up with a couple from my hotel and hired _____ a car.

? Spent all day driving around city _________________.
? In evening, went to _________. Chinatown

Wednesday Took ferry to Angel Island

and had a good view of
__________________. Golden Gate Bridge Visited a famous immigration station on the island.

2. Please read the text carefully and answer the questions in exercise 2 on page 9. 1). Why did Andrew Hallidie invent the cable car system? He invented the cable car system because the horse-drawn trams used before were unsafe.

2). Where did George eat lunch on his
first day in San Francisco?

She ate at Fisherman’s Wharf.

3). Why did George hire a car? Why do you think he joined up with Terri and Peter? It was convenient for him to tour around the city. It was cheaper to hire a car with other people because they could share the cost. Also he probably enjoyed being in the company of other tourists.

4). What three things can visitors do in Chinatown. Eat in Chinese restaurants, go to markets, visit temples and museums. 5). What is Angel Island famous for? It was famous as a place for

immigrants to be checked before they
could enter California.

Rewrite the diary entry for Tuesday inserting all the missing words.
I teamed up with a couple from my hotel (Peter and Terri) and hired a car. We spent all day driving around the city. There’s a fascinating drive marked out for tourists. It has blue and white signs with seagulls on

them to show way to go. It’s a 79km round-trip that takes in all the famous spots. We stopped many times to admire the view of the city from different angles and take photographs. Now I have really good idea of what the city’s like. In the evening, I went to Chinatown with Peter and Terri. Many/A lot of/Some Chinese

immigrants settled in this area in the 1850s. The fronts of the buildings are decorated to look like old buildings in southern China. We saw some interesting temples here, and a number of markets and a great many restaurants. There are also art galleries and a museum containing documents,

photographs and all sorts of objects
about the history of Chinese

immigration, but it’s closed in the
evening. I will go back during the day.

We had a delicious meal and then
walked down the hill to you hotel.

Language points
1. George is on holiday… 乔治在休假……
have/go on/take a holiday spend one’s holiday(s) 度假
休假

make holiday (无冠词) go to… for one’s holiday(s)
去……度假

in/during the/one’s summer/winter

holiday (s)
在暑假/寒假期间

in this holiday
今年暑假

2. From top of the hill got a spectacular view

of San Francisco Bay and the city.
从山顶上看到旧金山湾和城市的壮丽风光。
辨析:view, scenery, scene, sight

view指从远处、高处看到的景象 scenery 指某地总的自然景观 scene指展现在眼前的景象 (是scenery的一部分) sight指值得看的东西,某地特有的名胜

the beautiful scenery of the Three Gorges The scene after the earthquake was horrible. the historical sights of London The mountain hotel offered magnificent views.

3. Built in 1873, the cable car system was invented by Andrew Hallidie, who

wanted to find a better form of
transport than horse-drawn trams.

缆车系统建于1873年,是由安德
鲁· 海利迪发明的,他试图找到一种比

马拉轨道车更好的交通方式。

horse-drawn 为n.+past. p→adj.
man-made 人造的 snow-covered 被雪覆盖的 state-owned 国营的 heartfelt 由衷的

4. … the tram slipped down the hill

dragging the horses with it.
轨道车拖着马匹滑下山坡。

(1) slip滑,滑倒,失足
A tram slipped of/from her hand.

书本从她的手中滑落。
(2) n. [C] 小错误

It’s normal for a young man to
make a slip.

年轻人犯错误很正常。

与slip相关的短语: slip off 迅速脱去(衣服) slip on 迅速穿上(衣服) slip out 被无意说出 slip out of 迅速脱下(衣服) slip sth. over on sb. 巧妙地捉弄某人,欺骗某人 slip up 犯错误,疏忽

In winter drivers have trouble stopping their cars from ___ on icy roads. ? A. skating B. skidding

C. sliding

D. slipping ?

在冬天, 司机很难避免汽车在结了冰的 路面上打滑。?

skate表示“(在冰面上)滑行”、“溜 (冰)”一般指滑冰运动;skid表示“(人、 车等行进时因路面滑而向一侧)打滑, 滑倒”;slide表示“(在冰、滑梯、跑 道等上)滑行,滑动;滑落”;slip表示

“失脚,滑跤”,常指由于不小心、路
滑等而滑倒。根据句意,此处指“车轮

的打滑”。?

5. It’s also the place to catch the ferry to Angel Island and other places in the Bay. 这也是乘渡船去天使岛和海湾其他 地方的渡口。
[名法分析] to catch the ferry to…in the Bay 为不定式作定语, 修饰the place。 不定式做定语时, 与所修饰的词之间有三种 关系: 即动宾关系, 主谓关系和同位关系。

6. Teamed up with a couple from my hotel and hired a car. 与我旅店里的一对夫妇结队而行并 且合伙租了一辆车。

temp up (with) 与……合作或一起工作, 与……结成一队 Let’s team up! 我们联起手来吧!

7. There’s a fascinating drive marked out for tourists.

有一条用线为游客画出界线的大道。
drive n.

used in the names of roads 路, 大道
They live at 141 Park Drive.

他们住在公园路141号。

8. It’s a 79 km round-trip that takes in all the famous tourist spots. 正是这79公里的往返旅程包括了所有 的著名的旅游景点。 take in (1) 吸收,收留,收容,收养,接待 Our party branch took in a new member yesterday. 我们党支部昨天吸收了一名新党员。

(2) 包括 This price takes in the cost of all

the accommodation and food.
这个价格包括了食宿等一切费用。

(3) 理会, 理解, 记住
I wonder if he’s really taking it in.

我想知道他是否真正明白了。

(4) 欺骗,使上当 The salesman finds it easy to take in old ladies. 这个推销员发现老太太容易上当受骗。 与take相关的短语: take after 长得像 take apart 拆开,拆卸 take away 拿开,拿走

take back 收回,使回忆起

take off 拿走,取下,去掉;脱去;(使)
离开;起跳(飞),(飞)机起飞

take on 承担,呈现,雇用
take over 接管,接替 take to 喜欢,习惯 take up with 和……交往,和……要好

[考例] Don’t be _____ by products promising to make you lose weight quickly. (辽宁2007) A. taken off B. taken out C. taken away D. taken in [点拨] take in欺骗。take off 起飞, 脱下; take out 拿出; take away带走。此句意 为“不要让那些承诺很快能使你减肥的 产品骗了你。”

1) The price ________ takes in (包括) the cost of all the accommodation and food. 2) The old lady was homeless, so I _________ took her in (带回家). are often taken in (经常上当) 3) Women ________________ by products for losing weight.

9. Saw some interesting temples here,

a number of markets and a great
many restaurants. 看到一些有趣的寺庙、一些集市和 许多饭店。

many many a/an “许多,大 a great/good many 量”, a good/large number of 修饰可数名词
much a good/great deal of 修饰不可数名词 a large amount of amounts of

a lot of
lots of

a quantity of
quantities of

修饰可数与不可数名词

plenty of
a supply of

supplies of

注意: (1) amounts of与quantities of后接不可
数名词作主语时, 谓语动词用复数。

Large amounts of money are spent
on tobacco every year.

每年都要花大量金钱在烟草上。

(2) many a +(sing.) n. 作短语,谓语动 词用单数。 Many a student wants to see the film Hero. 很多学生想看电影《英雄》。

I. 根据下列各句句意及所给单词的首字母 或汉语提示, 写出各单词的正确形式。 1. She always asked me about him. Apparently she is concerned about him. A________ 2. Now and then some ________ seagulls (海鸥) came into sight.

3. My father h____ hired three men to help
him with the harvest last summer.

4. We want to buy a house in the
c______ central area of the city. But houses there are much more expensive. 5. His words i________ indicated that he was not satisfied with your work.

6. The mouse ______ slipped (溜走) quickly from the cat’s claws. 7. It’s very boring to insert i_____ so many advertisements in the play.

II. 下列各句均有一处错误, 请指出并改正。
1. Cattle is kept off the fields by a bamboo fence. is → are 2. There is a sign indicated the right road

to follow. indicated → indicating 3. I dropped my luggages and ran out. luggages → luggage

4. It was apparently that she didn’t hear what I said. apparently → apparent 5. A great many of students are studying in the classroom. of后加the或去掉of 6. It was at the gate where I told him the news. where → that或去掉at 7. There is no doubt whether his family is very important to him. whether→ that

III. 根据括号内的提示完成下列句子。
1. You can ____________ team up with (和……合作) another classmate if you want. has been marked out 2. A tennis court __________________ (已经被划出来) on the grass. She took me in completely(她完全把我 3. ______________________ 欺骗了) with her story. a great many people 4. It seems there are _________________ out of work (很多失业的人) in their __________ country.

Homework
Ask the students to finish Activity 5 on page 9. Description of a place Just as an artist uses paint to create a picture, a writer uses words to create a description...Descriptive writing creates a picture of a person,

place, thing or event. A description essay is generally developed through sensory details. Here are some tips about the description. 1. Selecting details: The writer should choose those that help to bring out the

dominant characteristic.

2. Catching the features of the place: You

should mainly write about the things
that make it different form other place. 3. Giving your view points: Places may be described for their own sake, as in essays on visits to famous scenic places.

4. Giving your purpose: You should describe the place for the purpose of revealing the personality and character of a person, or creating a feeling or mood.


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