当前位置:首页 >> >>

2019新概念英语第二册第30课(共49张PPT)教育精品.ppt_图文

Lesson 30
Football or polo ?

polo

New words and Expressions

polo Wayle cut row kick towards nearly sight

n. 水球 n. 威尔(河名) v. 穿过 v. 划(船) v. 踢 prep. 朝,向 adv. 几乎 n. 眼界,视域

New words and Expressions
1. cut v. 穿过 ① vt. &vi. 切,割,剪 Would you please cut the cake into half? 请把蛋糕切成两瓣儿可以吗? cut one’s hair = have one’s hair cut 理发 cut the tree 砍树 cut off electricity 切断电源 cut sth. into pieces 把……切成小片(碎)

New words and Expressions
② vt. 割破,划破 cut oneself 割伤自己 ③vi. 横穿,穿越(介词用across/through) cut across/through 直着穿过 The road cuts across/through the forest. cut a corner 走捷径,超近路 When you learn English, never cut a corner. No pains, no gains. 没有付出,就没有收获。

cut有关短语
?cut away 砍掉,切下 ?cut out 删掉;裁剪 ?cut back 缩减 ?cut down 减少/砍倒 ?cut off 切断 ?cut up 切碎 ?cut in 插嘴 ?cut through 抄近道

Practice
1. He was in hospital for six months. He felt as if he was ____ from the outside world. A. cut out B. cut off C. cut up D. cut through
B

2. I was just talking to Margeret when Jackson ____. A. cut in B. cut down C. cut out D. cut up
A

www.themegallery.com
New words and expressions
2. row ① v. 划船 My brother is rowing. 划船 (row 强调动作) go boating 去划船(强调玩) ② n.排 We are in the same row. 我们在同一排。
Company Logo

Practice

?She’s been out for nights in a ___.

?A line

?B row

?C string

?D chain

B

In a row 连续不断地,一个接一个地

www.themegallery.com
New words and expressions
3. kick v. 踢 1) kick me 踢我一脚 2)kick off
开球;启动 kick (your) ass 收拾你 4) well to go (美语) = well done (英语)
做得不错
Company Logo

4. sight n. 眼界, 视域

New words and expressions

1) catch sight of… 看见……
catch sight of the bird =see the bird 看见那只鸟 2) out of sight 在视线之外:
Out of sight, out of mind. 眼不见心不烦 3) in sight 在视线之内: The bird is in sight. 鸟在视线之内。
4) long sighted 眼光长远, 远视眼: sb. is long sighted :
某人眼光远大;某人是远视眼 short sighted 目光短浅, 近视 ( shortsighted = nearsighted adj.近视的 ) reading glasses 近视镜

Grammar in use
Some

aAnnyy

Tthhee

Grammar in use

Some
Some 不用于 否定句,只 用于肯定句 中。 There are some apples in the box.

Some
some 在表示邀请的 ,希望对方做出肯定 回答的委婉语气中可 用于疑问句: Do you want some tea? 你想要一些吗? (愿意给别人喝,表 示邀请 )

Any
any通常用于否定 句和疑问句中。 1. Is there any milk in the bottle ? 瓶子里有牛奶吗? 2. There isn’t any milk in the bottle. 瓶子里没有牛奶。

The

Grammar in use

1

2

3

4

特指 加 the:

在海洋、 河流、 湖海、 山脉前 加 the

在方位词 前加the

The + 单数名 词表类 别

Grammar in use

5

6

7

8

专用 名词 加 the

乐器 前面 加 the

独一无 二的 事物 加 the

在序数 词或最 高级前 加 the

Grammar in use

9

10

姓氏复 数前加 the 表 示一家 人

年代 名词 前加 the

11

12

阶级党 派分类 前加the

有些固 定搭配 要加 the

Grammar in use

13

14

15

16

17

打某人 的某个 部位加 the

The + 形容词 比较级

The + 形容词 表示具 备该特 征的一 类人

by + the + 单数数 量词,表 示“以 ….为计”

在部分 国名前 要加 the

1
Peter went into a classroom two minutes ago. The classroom was so quiet.(前面提到过 classroom , 第二次用 classroom 时加 the )
The bag I bought is blue.

www.themegallery.com
Grammar in use

2

3

The Atlantic ; The
Yellow River ;
The
Mediterranean 地中海; the Himalayas 喜 马拉雅山

In the south of : 在南部; the west 西部 ;
on the left ,
on the right .

Company Logo

Grammar in use

4
The horse is a useful animal . 马是有用 的动物。

5
the Great Wall

6
Play the guitar. 注意:如果 乐器是以拼 音命名的中 国乐器,刚 不加the. Play erhu. 弹二胡

Grammar in use

7
the earth the world the sun .

8
the second the biggest

9
the Bushes 布 什一家
the Wangs 王 姓一家

Grammar in use

10
in the 90s. 在90 年代

11
The Communist Party of China : 中国共产党; the Democratic Party 民主党

12
in the end . 最终

Grammar in use

13
I hit Tom on the nose . ( 或 in the nose ) 我打 中了汤姆的 鼻子。

14
The sooner , the better . 越快越好。

15
the missing 失踪的人 ; the weak 弱 者

Grammar in use

16
by the second 以 秒计; by the month 以月计

17
the United States ; The United Kingdom ; the People’s Republic of China

18
The USA ; the UK ; The Philippines ;The Congo ; The Netherlands

19
注意:原则上 讲在人名、地 名、国名前不
加 the 。 John lives in England.

Congo ['k??g?u]

Intensive Reading

1

4

2

Lesson 30

5

3

6

Intensive Reading

Intensive Reading
1. The Wayle is a small river that cuts across the park near my home. I like sitting by the Wayle on fine afternoons.
1) like to do sth. 喜欢……(一次性的) I like to drink tea.
2) like doing sth. 喜欢……(习惯性的) I like drinking water on afternoons 每逢下午都喝水。

?I like sitting by the Wayle on fine afternoons.

_____ a cold winter morning
_____ one cold morning
_____ Sunday morning
_____ next Sunday morning _____ Children’s Day _____ Teacher’s Day

prep.在...旁边
prep.在具体某一 天的早午晚用on

?It was warm last Sunday, so I went and sat on the river bank as usual.
?bank 河岸;银行 Agriculture Bank of China中国农业银行
Industial and Commercial Bank of China 中国工商银行
Why is the river rich?
Because it has two banks.

?Some children were playing games on the bank and there were some people rowing on the river.

?Suddenly, one of the children kicked a ball very hard and it went towards a passing boat.
adv.

hard hardly
? hard adj. 辛苦的,努力的,坚硬的,苛刻的 ? 1.The ground is as hard as stone after the drought. ? 长期乾旱之后土地硬得就像石头一样. ? 2.Don't be too hard on her she's very young. ? 别对她太严了--她还小呢. ? 3. It is hard work. ? 这是个艰苦的工作。 ? 4. adj.难做的; 难懂的; 难答的; 困难的 ? be hard for sb to do sth 做某事对某人而言…… ? It's hard for him to understand the meaning. ? 对他而言,理解这个意思是很难的。 ? 5. adv.努力地 ? They work very hard. ? 他们工作非常努力. ? hardly 几乎没有; 几乎不=seldom: ? I can hardly hear you. 我几乎听不到你说话。

Intensive Reading
2. Some people on the bank called out to the man in the boat,
but he did not hear them.
1) call out 大声呼叫,叫喊 I heard someone calling out for help.
2)call out to sb. 对……大声喊 Mary called out to her father, but he was too far away and couldn’t hear her.

Intensive Reading
3. The ball struck him so hard that he nearly fell into the water. 1) so…that… 如此……以致于…… (that 引导的结果状语从句)
The teacher speaks so fast that I can't catch the word. My brother walks so slowly that he can't catch up with me. strike 敲 -struck-struck

so / such区别
so+ adj+ a/an + n. such + a/an + adj + n.
他是如此著名的演员,大家都知道他。
He is so famous an actor that everyone knows him. He is such a famous actor that everyone knows him.

Intensive Reading
4. I turned to look at the children, but there weren't any in sight:
they had all run away!
1) in sight 看得见,在视野之内(反义词为out of sight) There were not anything in sight. No bus is in sight. In the afternoon, we came in sight of the village.
turn to: 转向,转身 turn to sb: 向…求助

?1. Don’t always ______ a dictionary when you meet an unknown word.

?A. turn into ?B. look to

变成,翻译成

?C. turn up

?D. turn to

D

?The man laughed when he realized (what had happened).

时间状语从句

宾语从句

?He called out to the children and threw the ball back to the bank.
把...扔回...

Exercises D (在必要的地方填上冠词a或the)
?1 ______ refrigerators are necessary in ______ hot countries.
?2 Which river is ______ longest, ______ Nile, ______ Amazon, or ______ Mississippi?
? 1.不填 ?in hot countries: 指的是炎热的那类国家, 故不用
the ?2. the,the,the,the ?Nile 尼罗河 ; Amazon 亚马逊河 ; Missisippi
密西西比河

?3. Heyerdahl crossed ______ Pacific on ______ raft.
?4. Why is ______ Britain sometimes called ______ United Kingdom?
? 3.the,a ?raft n. 木筏子(by raft)
?4. \,the

?5. We sailed up ______ Red Sea and then went through ______ Suez Canal.
? 5.the,the

1. The Wayle 冠词: a/an, the 代词 some, any 2. cut across cross 3. like doing sth. like to do sth. 4. by / near / beside / next to the Wayle on fine afternoons 5. as usual , usually 6. there be … doing 7. a passing boat, a sleeping baby 8. call out to / at 9. listen, listen to, hear, hear of, hear from 10. so… that… , such… that, so that 11. nearly = almost 12. in sight , out of sight 13. run away 14. real, really, realize 15. look , look at, see, watch, read

[比较]so…that…与so that so that可引导结果状语从句,也可引导目的状语从句。 (1)引导结果状语从句,意为“因此,所以”,主句和从句 间常用逗号分开,一般不与情态动词连用。 Nothing more was heard of him,so that people thought that he was dead. 未再听到他的消息,以致人们认为他已死去了。 I was caught in a heavy rain,so that all my clothes got wet. 我被大雨淋了,所以衣服全都湿了。
(2)引导目的状语从句,意为“为了,以便”,通常从句中 用may,might,can,could等情态动词。 We left early so that we could catch the first bus. 我们很早出发,以便能赶上第一班汽车。
Speak clearly so that we may understand you. 讲话要清楚,以便我们能听明白。

引导结果状语从句的连词主要有 so/such…that…,so that等。 1) so...that结构在某种情况下可以与enough to和too...to结构相互
转换。例如:
She is so short that she can't reach the buttons of the lift.
=She is too short to reach the buttons of the lift. 2)so that也可以引导结果状语从句,意为“结果是;以致于”。
例如:
They missed the bus so that they were late for class. 注:so that也可引导目的状语从句,此时可用to或in order to替换,
将其改为简单句。例如:
He got up early so that he could get to school on time.
=He got up early to get to school on time.
=In order to get to school on time,he got up early.

[比较]so…that…与such…that… so…that…的句型构成是so+adj./adv.+that; such…that…的句型构成是such+a(n)+adj.+n.+that;
such+adj.+不可数名词+that; such+adj.+复数名词+that。 He caught such a bad cold that he coughed day and night. 他得了重感冒以致日夜地咳嗽。
It is such fine weather that we will go swimming. 今天天气那么好我们将去游泳。
They are such small shoes that I can’t put them on. 这双鞋这么小我穿不上。
注意:“such+a(n)+adj.+单数名词”结构可以与 “so+adj.+a(n)+单数名词”结构互换,其他结构则不可互换。 It was such a lovely day that we decided to go outing. It was so lovely a day that we decided to go outing.

(2)当名词前有many,much,few,little修饰时,前面应用 so,
即so+many (much, few, little) + n.+that-clause从句 The Smiths had so many children that they formed their own basketball team. 史密斯一家有这么多孩子,他们组成了自己的篮球队。 There was so little water left that only small children were given some. 留下的水不多了,只给小孩分了一些。
so…that…“如此……以至于……”,引导结果状语从句;so…部 分放在句首时,句子要倒装。 He was so excited that he could not speak. So excited was he that he could not speak. The box is so heavy that nobody can lift it. So heavy is the box that nobody can lift it.

1. The little boy saved every coin____so_____ ____th_a_t____he could buy his mother a present on Mother‘s day.(用所给的短语填空, 每个短语只能用一次)
2. She bought a digital camera online __A____she would save a lot of time. A.so that B.as soon as C.no matter D.such that
3. ―______D____fine day it is today! ―Yes,the sunshine is__________beautiful that I\‘d like to go swimming in the sea. A. How, such B. What a, very C. How, so D. What a, so
4. 当球迷们看到贝克汉姆的时候,他们如此激动以致于大喊大叫。 (根据中文意思完成句子, 每空一词。)
When the football fans saw Beckham, they got____s_o_____excited___t_h_a_t____they cried out. 5. The camera is _____A_____expensive__________ I can\'t afford it. A. so, that B. such, that C. so, as to D. enough, that

6. Miss Gao asked a question, but it was____D______that nobody
could answer it.
A.very difficult B. too difficult C. difficult enough D. so difficult
7. David was so careless that he didn‘t find the mistakes in his test paper. (变为简单句) David was__t_o_o______careless____t_o_____find the mistakes in his
test paper. 8. A:The boy is so young that he can\'t look after himself.
B:The boy is not____o_ld__e_n_o_u_g_h____to look after himself. (改写句子,使B句与A句意思相近) 9. The stone is so heavy that I can\'t lift it up. It is____s_u_c_h___a heavy
stone___t_h_a_t ____I can\'t lift it up.(改写句子)

www.themegallery.com
1.威尔河是横穿过我家附近公园的一条小河。 2.我喜欢在天气晴朗的下午到河边坐坐。 3.上星期日天气很暖和。 4.于是我和往常一样,又去河边坐着。 5.河岸上有些孩子正在玩耍,河面上有些人正在划船。 6.突然,一个孩子狠狠地踢了一脚球,球便向着一只 划过来的小船飞去。 7.岸上的一些人对着小船上的人高喊,但他没有听见。 8.球重重地打在他身上,使他差点儿落入水中。 9.我转过头去看那些孩子,但一个也不见,全都跑了! 10.当那个人明白了发生的事情时,笑了起来。 11.他大声叫着那些孩子,把球扔回到岸上。