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上海师大附中等六校2011届高三联考英语

上海市六校 2011 届 高 三 联 考英 语 试 题
满分 150 分 时间 14:00-16:00

第I卷

(共 105 分)

I.Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers.At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. conversations and the The questions will be spoken only once.After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1.A.Get some small change. B.Cash a check at a bank. C.Find a shopping center. D.Find a parking meter. 2.A.Painting pictures. B.Enhancing images. C.Mending cameras. D.Taking photographs 3.A.She expected more people at the party. B.She enjoys entertaining small children. C.She has always enjoyed great popularity. D.She threw a surprise party for her friend. 4.A.He is pleased with his exciting new job. B.He is not so excited about his new position. C.He finds the huge workload unbearable. D.He finds his office much too big for him. 5.A.The woman had forgotten Maxim’s phone number. B.The man saw Maxim on the street two months ago. C.Maxim and the woman had not been in touch for some time. D.The woman made a phone call to Maxim yesterday. 6.A.The library is closed on weekends. B.He was not allowed to check out the book. C.He had no idea where the book was. D.He didn’t get the book he needed. 7.A.He didn’t like it all. B.He enjoyed it as a whole. C.He didn’t think much of it. D.He liked some parts of it. 8.A.The man hates to lend his tools to other people. B.The man hasn’t finished working on the bookshelf. C.The tools have already been returned to the woman. D.The tools the man borrowed from the woman are missing. 9.A.He has been to Seattle many times. B.He has chaired a lot of conference. C.He holds a high position in his company. D.He lived in Seattle for many years. 10.A.The houses for sale are of poor quality.

B.The man is unwilling to take a look at the houses on sale. C.The housing developers provide free trips for potential buyers. D.The houses are too expensive for the couple to buy. Section Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passage.The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once.When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following introduction. 11.A.Job security. B.Challenging work. C.Good labor relations. D.Attractive wages and benefits. 12.A.Offer them chances of promotion. B.Improve their working conditions. C.Encourage them to compete with each other. D.Give them responsibilities as part of a team. 13.A.They will not bring real benefits to the staff. A.They concern a small number of people only. B.They are arbitrarily set by the administrators. C.They are beyond the control of ordinary workers. D.Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. 14.A.They are delighted because they can enjoy the scenery while driving. B.They are frightened because traffic accidents are frequent. C.They are irritated because the bridge is jammed with cars. D.They are pleased because it saves them much time. 15.A.They don’t have their own cars to drive to work. B.Many of them are romantic by temperament. C.Most of them enjoy the drinks on the boat. D.They tend to be more friendly to each other. 16.A.Many prefer the ferry to maintain its present speed. B.Many welcome the idea of having more bars on board. C.Some suggest improving the design of the deck. D.Some object to using larger luxury boats. Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations.The conversations will be read twice.After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard.Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Where did Amy receive her education? Why does Amy feel dissatisfied about the education she has received? What does Jack feel about his education life? What is the topic of the conversation? A traditional 17________school with a history of more than 200 years. She was told she received 18_______practical skills for the jobs. 19 ___________. It is hard to give a clear definition of good 20____________.

Complete the form.Write ONE WORD for each answer. Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. Why is the woman trying to find a new job? What position is being advertised in the paper? What does the company ask for? She is tired of 21________. . 22 _________. A degree in French or German. 3 or 4 years of experience. lively mind and effective 23 _______. ability to work individually or as a part of team. 24 __________.

What are the key factors that determine the salary of the new position?

Complete the form.Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. II.Grammar and Vocabulary Section A Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D.Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence. 25.I felt it rather inappropriate to turn up at the graduation ceremony ________jeans and a T-shirt. A.on B.with C.in D.by 26 . After John had been in captivity for three years, he and his wife had a lot to tell_____________. A.themselves B.each other C.himself D.herself 27.“They didn’t give the concert after all last night.”“___________________” A.Did they? Why not? B.Did they? Why didn’t? C.Haven’t they? Why? D.Didn’t they? Why not? 28.She____________ with the symphony orchestra three times this season. A.played B.has been playing C.has played D.is playing 29.“Aren’t they meeting us here?” “Well, they ___________, because they weren’t at home when I rang a few minutes ago.” A.must be B.can’t be C.must D.needn’t be 30.The authenticity of dialogue and setting often makes low-budget films seem ____ ____ than the somewhat artificial version of reality in Hollywood movies. A.less real B.more real C.much real D.real 31.Those concerned by the long-term effects of global warming believe that the damage has been done, ______________________. whether we take remedial steps now B.if or not we take remedial steps now C.whether we take remedial steps now or not D.unless we take remedial steps now 32.The ministry didn’t expect __________quite such a negative reaction from farmers. A.there being B.it C.to be D.there to be

33.________ by the array of goods that were on sale, my friend Felicia ended up spending her whole month’s allowance. A.Being tempted B.Tempted C.To be tempted D.Tempting 34.___________________________ for the elderly, the need to take it for walks may be a disadvantage. A.However a dog may be a good companion B.Whatever a dog may be a good companion C.Whatever good a companion a dog can be D.However a good companion a dog can be 35.The new buyer identified a dozen new sources for the material, ___________ proved to be reliable. A.most of them B.most of which C.most of whom D.most of those 36.Their loan application __________________, they weren’t able to buy the house. A.had been refused B.has been refused C.having been refused D.being refused 37.The chairman interviewed everyone involved in the accident to ascertain the truth behind __________actually happened. A.what B.that C.it D.which 38.The fashion designer makes frequent trips to Paris, as it is street ahead_________fashion is concerned. A.which B.where C.why D.whose 39.__________lie detector tests are not allowed as evidence in the courts, it is nevertheless a useful investigative tool. A.Unless B.If C.Because D.Although 40.I will be surprised if you can get Calvin, who is a close-fisted man, _________these donation draw tickets from you. A.buy B.buying C.buys D.to buy Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box.Each word can only be used once.Note that there is one word more than you need. A.developed B.markedly C.supporting F.designer G.similar H.looking I.made D. strong E. effectively J.application

The Grade I-listed Clifton Suspension Bridge spans 412 meters across the Avon gorge in Bristol, with Egyptian-inspired towers __41 steel chains from which the roadway is hung.A Brunel masterpiece, the bridge is a true icon of engineering. But today we could grow a suspension bridge, building it out of artificial spider silk woven together to produce strong strands.In September 2010, scientists in the US announced they had __42 transgenic silkworms capable of spinning artificial spider silk . Biologists at the University of Notre Dame, the University of Wyoming and Kraig Biocraft Laboratories took DNA from spiders and added it to that of silkworms to modify the silk they produce.When these silkworms spin their cocoons, they create a combination of silkworm silk and spider silk with __43__ improved elasticity and strength. “It’s around five times as__44__ as steel of the same density and it’s now possible to produce

this biopolymer on the large scale,” says architect Magnus Larsson.“So it could be used for __45__ such as bulletproof vests, biomedical uses, structural fabrics—even suspension bridges.” Larsson’s redesign would recreate the suspension bridge with a spider’s web-like structure__46__ from this silk.The suspension bridge’s towers are one of the iconic elements of its design.If they remain in our 21st-century structure, the artificial silk could be spun between them, in a __47_ pattern to a spider’s web.“We could also build the roadway from this material and cars could run over it,” says Larsson. so strong. “It’s Serious experiments are being carried out __48__ at using this as a building material as we speak.” “More biotecture than architecture, we would __49__ grow our new spider silk suspension bridge,” concludes Larsson.“We’d create one of the most impressive feasts of human engineering in the 21st century.” III.Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C, and D.Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. While some of the best professional big-wave surfers in the world looked out over 40-foot waves crashing onto the shores of Oahu’s Waimea Bay, the __50__ seemed disappointingly clear.The Quicksilver Invitation surfing competition had to be canceled.The waves were just too__51__. But on that same late-January day, relatively unknown big-wave rider Greg Russ had to be physically __52__ by lifeguards from launching out into the biggest surf in more than a decade.The guards were interfering with his right to make __53__, he said. The incentive: $50,000 from the surf-equipment manufacturer K2 to anyone who can ride the biggest wave of the year and get it __54__. From ice climbing to mountain biking to big-wave surfing, more people are becoming extreme athletes, putting their lives in danger for the__55__ thrill.But the K2 contest, and the growing popularity of extreme sports worldwide, has raised questions about the financial and human__56__ for athletes and rescuers who watch over them.For many, the incident at Waimea perfectly__57__ the dangers unleashed when big money, big egos, and big challenges are mixed. Although exact figures on how many extreme athletes exist are hard to come by, isolated statistical evidence __58__ a rapid increase.For example, the number of climbers__59__ to climb Alaska’s 20,300-foot Mt.McKinley---the tallest peak in North America---increased from 695 in 1984 to 1,100 in 1997. “It’s a numbers deal, and clearly there are more people getting hurt than there were when I started doing__60__ 20 years ago,” says Dan Burnett, a mission coordinator with the all-volunteer Summit County Search and Rescue Group in Colorado.“We’re responding in areas now that even four years ago I would have thought we didn’t need to check because __61__goes there.” Some strides have been made toward creating a(n) __62__ extreme-sports world.Three years ago, Denali National Park in Alaska, __63__, instituted a mandatory $ 150 fee for climbers seeking to ascend Mt. McKinley. fee pays for an educational program that park rangers credit The with dramatically __64__ the number of search-and-rescue missions and fatalities. 50.A.decision B.surprise C.devotion D.mission 51.A.small B.light C.big D.deep 52.A.restarted B.restrained C.related D.recorded

53.A.progress B.money C.preparations D.limits 54.A.on duty B.on sale C.on film D.on average 55.A.apparent B.strange C.astonishing D.ultimate 56.A.consequence B.willingness C.penalty D.position 57.A.becomes B.appears C.scores D.illustrates 58.A.picks out B.points to C.picks up D.points out 59.A.attempting B.agreeing C.looking forward D.demanding 60.A.engineering B.award C.rescues D.researches 61.A.somebody B.nobody C.anyone D.none 62.A.cheaper B.easier C.further D.safer 63.A.in a word B.above all C.for instance D.in addition to 64.A.increasing B.reducing C.accepting D.promoting Section B Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) Irene’s mother stood in the doorway, tears streaming down as she sobbed, body quivering. The door had just slammed moments before. all of her ten years of wisdom, she had In learnt too many things to last her a lifetime. learnt the glance her mother would give her father She when he came home late, walking funny and stumbling into the furniture. learnt the sadness in She her mother’s face as she tucked her in and daddy still had not come home. hated the dark, cold She stares they gave each other all the time. But now, seeing her mother leaning against the door, she just had to do something.Long moments passed. felt awkward and nervous, not knowing what to do, what to say or what was She happening.She swore then and there that she was not going to be like that with her husband, not with her kids standing by. The thought of her friend, Matilda, came to her mind.Matilda had parents that said nice things to each other.They held hands and took her great places like Disneyland.“Why can’t my parents be like that?” she thought to herself. Irene took a deep breath and ran up to her mommy and hugged her as tightly as her small arms possibly could.She whispered, “ I love you, mommy.I really do.” Then she leaned up to kiss her neck.She held her close and she could feel the smile against her cheek, and her damp eyelashes too. “Baby,” she said, “ I love you so much it hurts. so sorry. wish things were better for you, I’m I I do.I didn’t bring you into this world to live like this.” 65.What kept Irene’s father out so late every night? A.He was out drinking. B.He always had to work late. C.He did not like being home. D.He wanted to avoid seeing Irene and her mother. 66.Why did Irene swear not to fight with her husband in front of her kids? A.She felt it was not fair to them.

B.She wanted her children to have a perfect life. C.She knew how traumatic it would be for them. D.She did not want them to be exposed to negative behavior. 67.Why did Irene feel she had to do something when she saw her mother crying at the doorway? A.She felt awkward and nervous. B.She felt the need to comfort her mother. C.That was her way of reacting to the situation. D.She was angry with her father for reducing her mother to tears. 68.What emotion was Irene’s mother experiencing in the last paragraph? A.Guilt B.Anger C.Contempt D.Regret (B) One thinks of princes and presidents as some of the most powerful people in the world; however, governments, elected or otherwise, sometimes have had to struggle with the financial powerhouses called tycoons.The word tycoon is relatively new to the English language.It is Chinese in origin but was given as a title to some Japanese generals.The term was brought to the United States, in the late nineteenth century, where it eventually was used to refer to magnates who acquired immense fortunes from sugar and cattle, coal and oil, rubber and steel, and railroads.Some people called these tycoons “capitals of industry” and praised them for their contributions to U.S.wealth and international stature.Others criticized them as ruthless “robber barons”, who would stop at nothing in pursuit of personal wealth. The early tycoons built successful businesses, often taking over smaller companies to eliminate competition.A single company that came to control an entire market was called a monopoly.Monopolies made a few families very wealthy, but they also placed a heavy financial burden on consumers and the economy at large. As the country expanded and railroads linked the East Coast to the West Coast, local monopolies turned into national corporations called trusts.A trust is a group of companies that join together under the control of a board of trustees . Railroad trusts are an excellent example.Railroads were privately owned and operated and often monopolized various routes, setting rates as high as they desired. financial burden this placed on passengers and businesses The increased when railroads formed trusts.Farmers, for example, had no choice but to pay, as railroads were the only means they could use to get their grain to buyers.Exorbitant (过高的) freight rates put some farmers out of business. There were even accusations that the trusts controlled government itself by buying votes and manipulating elected officials.In 1890 Congress passed the Sherman Antitrust.Act, legislation aimed at breaking the power of such trusts.The Sherman Antitrust Act focused on two main issues.First of all, it made illegal any effort to interfere with the normal conduct of interstate trade.It also made it illegal to monopolize any part of business that operates across state lines. Over the next 60 years or so, Congress enacted other antitrust laws in an effort to encourage competition and restrict the power of larger corporations. 69.The Sherman Antitrust Act_______________________. A.affected only the companies doing business within state lines B.sought to eliminate monopolies in favor of competition in the market-place C.promoted trade with a large number of nations D.provides a financial advantage to the buyer

70.One might infer from this passage that lower prices _________________. A.are more likely to exist in a competitive market economy B.usually can be found only in an economy based on monopolies C.matter only to people who are poor and living below the poverty level D.are regulated by the government 71.It seems likely that many Americans_____________________. A.believed that the trusts had little influence over government B.expected the wealthy magnates to share money with the poor C.did little to build up American business D.were worried that trusts might manipulate the government (C) The modern Olympic Games, founded in 1896, began as contests between individuals, rather than among nations, with the hope of promoting world peace through sportsmanship.In the beginning, the games were open only to amateurs.An amateur is a person whose involvement in an activity---from sports to science or the arts---is purely for pleasure.Amateurs, whatever their contributions to a field, expect to receive no form of compensation ; professionals, in contrast, perform their work in order to earn a living. From the perspective of many athletes, however, the Olympic playing field has been far from level. Restricting the Olympics to amateurs has precluded (排除) the participation of many who could not afford to be unpaid.Countries have always desired to send their best athletes, not their wealthiest ones, to the Olympic Games. A slender and imprecise line separates what we call “financial support” from “earning money.” Do athletes “earn money” if they are reimbursed(补偿) for travel expenses? What if they are paid for time lost at work or if they accept free clothing from a manufacturer or if they teach sports for a living? The runner Eric Liddell was the son of poor missionaries; in 1924 the British Olympic Committee financed his trip to the Olympics, where he won a gold and a bronze medal.College scholarships and support from the United States Olympic Committee made it possible for American track stars Jesse Owens and Wilma Rudolph and speed skater Dan Jansen to train and compete.When the Soviet Union and its allies joined the games in 1952, the definition of amateur became still muddier.Their athletes did not have to balance jobs and training because as citizens in communist regimes, their government financial support was not considered payment for jobs. In 1971 the International Olympic Committee(IOC) removed the word amateur from the rules, making it easier for athletes to find the support necessary to train and compete.In 1986 the IOC allowed professional athletes into the games. There are those who regret the disappearance of amateurism from the Olympic Games.For them the games lost something special when they became just another way for athletes to earn money. Others say that the designation of amateurism was always questionable; they argue that all competitors receive so much financial support as to make them paid professionals.Most agree, however, that the debate over what constitutes an “amateur” will continue for a long time. 72.One might infer that _______________________. A.developing Olympic-level skills in athletes is costly B.professional athletes are mostly interested in financial rewards C.amateurs does not expect to earn money at the sport that is played

D.amateurs athletes have a better attitude than professionals do 73.The statement “the playing field has been far from level” means that__________. A.the ground the athletes played on was in bad condition B.the poorer players were given some advantages C.the rules did not work the same way for everyone D.amateurs were inferior to the professionals in many ways 74.The financial support given to athletes by the Soviet government can best be compared to ________. A.a gift received on a special occasion, such as a birthday B.money received from a winning lottery ticket C.an allowance paid to a child D.Money from charity organization 75.One can conclude that the Olympic Organizing Committee _________________. A.has held firm to its original vision of the Olympic games B.has struggled with the definition of amateur over the years C.regards itself as an organization for professional athletes only D.did nothing but stop allowing communists to participate Section C Directions: Read the following text and choose the most suitable question from A-F for each paragraph.There is one extra question which you do not need. Jimmy Wales, the Wikipedia founder now takes your questions A.Is Wikipedia financially sustainable? B.When is censorship of entries acceptable? C.How did Wikipedia start? D.Does Wikipedia as it is now fulfill the expectations you had when you started it? E.Is the traditional encyclopedia dead? F.Do you worry that Wikileaks is giving Wikipedia a bad name? ________76 . Wikipedia was my second attempt at creating a free encyclopedia for everyone.The first attempt was called Nupedia, which was a failure.The model we used to try to create Nupedia was very top-down, very academic and not very much fun for the volunteers.I launched the Wiki in 2001, and it just grew and grew and grew. ________77.We think it is.We exist through the donations of the general public.The vast majority of them come from our annual giving campaign. That gives us enough money for another year.Is it sustainable in the long run? I think it is, but time will tell. ________78.We need to make a very careful distinction between censorship and editorial judgment.Censorship is forbidding the publication of certain knowledge.Editorial judgment means asking.Are these facts relevant? Are they verifiable? Every entry has to be subject to thoughtful editorial judgment.But it’s never the case that we should accept censorship. ________79.I remember, in the early days of Wikipedia, looking at a list of the top 100 websites and seeing an encyclopedia reference site ranked around No 50.I thought, if we do a really good job, maybe we can make it into the top 100. Now we’re the fifth most popular website in the world, with over 400 million people visiting every month. much bigger than I expected. It’s ________80. have absolutely nothing to do with Wikileaks. shouldn’t get credit for it, We We

and we shouldn’t get criticized for it.I’ve had a couple of cringing moments where I see some head of state who makes the error, and I’m like, oh, come on. Section D Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TEN WORDS. ) One of the major reasons the reef is so fascinating to scientists and tourists is its infinite variety.They come in various shapes and sizes, ranging from more than a few thousand meters in area to over one hundred and twenty square kilometers.Some of the very outer reefs are up to expose themselves while others remain fully submerged.The beauty of the reefs can only be truly appreciated from an aerial view. About two thousand eight hundred species of fish are known to live in the reef region.It could take many years for scientists to come up with a complete list of all the plants and animals found on any one reef.Many species are still to be identified and named, showing a staggering diversity of life. Coral reefs start out small and grow about half an inch a year.If undisturbed by man, however, they can grow to be quite big. Great Barrier Reef off the northeast coast of Australia The is one good example! Reefs grow best in sunny, shallow, clear water.They rarely grow deeper than forty meters and they prefer salt water.The appropriate temperatures and salinities are most often found in the tropics. Coral reefs are important because they provide protection and shelter for many different species of fish.Without coral reefs, these fish are left homeless with nowhere to live or to have their babies.Not only do these fish increase the diversity of our world but also reef fish and mollusks feed between thirty and forty million people every year.They also make beautiful pets and the money made by catching and selling these animals provides many people with an income to feed their families. Coral are also very important in controlling how much carbon dioxide is in the ocean.Without coral, the amount of carbon dioxide in the water would rise drastically and that would affect all living things on Earth. Lastly, coral reefs are very important because they protect the coasts from strong currents and waves by slowing down the water before it gets to the shore.That is why they are called barrier reefs.They provide a barrier between the ocean and the shore. 81.The vehicles one must take to be able to see the full extent of the reefs might be _______________________. 82.From the passage, write the phrase that means that there are a great variety of plants and animals in the ocean.____________________________ 83.Why do you think reefs require clear and shallow water to grow? They require clear and shallow water so that __________________________. 84.Explain why the coral reefs are also called barrier reefs.

第 II 卷

(共 45 分)

I.Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets.

1.警察从一家非法的宠物诊所中救出 100 多条狗。 (rescue) 2.尽管遇到很多困难,但他从未放弃对知识的追求。 (Despite.) . 3.微软公司确认,他们找到了新的合作伙伴以对抗竞争对手苹果公司。 (confirm) 4.我们的物理老师讲课总是生动有趣,清晰明了,学生们受益匪浅。 (benefit) 5.为了学好英语,学生应尽可能多地接触真实的语言环境。 (expose) II.Guided Writing Directions: Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the instructions given below. Many students have to live with roommates while going to school or university.What are some of the important qualities of a good roommate? Use specific reasons and examples to explain why these qualities are important.

参考答案
听力材料及答案 (复兴中学、建平中学、南洋模范、向明中学、延安中学、上师大附中) 命题人:夏蕾 审题人: I.Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers.At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. conversations and the The questions will be spoken only once.After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. M: Excuse me, do you have change for a ten-dollar note? I need to pay the parking meter. W: I’m sorry, but I think you can get it through the money changer in the shopping center across the street. Q: What is the man trying to do? W: Do you let people know when you’re taking pictures of them? M: I try not to.You know any picture of a person who poses for the camera would look dull and unnatural. Q: What are the speakers talking about? W: There were more than a hundred people at Kate’s birthday party. How come she’s got so many friends? M: It’s really no surprise.You know she was popular even when she was a child. Q: What does the man imply about Kate? W: I heard about your promotion, you must be thrilled. M: Not really, the new office is huge, but the workload has doubled. Q: What do we learn about the man from the conversation? 5.M: I ran into our friend Maxim yesterday on the street and he said he hadn’t heard from you for two months. W: Yes, I know.But I’ve been too busy to phone him.

Q: What do we know from the conversation? W: Did you find the book for your reading assignment in the library? M: It closed before I got there.I had no idea that it closes so early on weekends. Q: What does the man mean? W: John, can you tell me what in the book interested you the most? M: Well, nothing specific, but I like it overall. Q: What does the man think of the book? 8.W: Simon, could you return the tools I lent you for building the bookshelf last month? M: Uh, well, I hate to tell you this…but I can’t seem to find them. Q: What do we learn from the conversation? 9.W: Bob said that Seattle is a great place for conferences. M: He’s certainly in a position to make that comment.He’s been there so often. Q: What does the man say about Bob? 10.M: This article is nothing but advertising for housing developers.I don’t think the houses for sale are half that good. W: Come on, Brain.Why so negative? We’re thinking of buying a home, aren’t we? Just a trip to look at the place won’t cost us much. Q: What can be inferred from the conversation? Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passage.The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once.When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following introduction. It is logical to suppose that things like good labor relations, good working conditions, good wages and benefits, and job security motivate workers, but one expert, Frederick Hertzberg argued that such conditions do not motivate workers.They are merely satisfiers.Motivators, in contrast, include things such as having a challenging and interesting job, recognition and responsibility.However, even with the development of computers and robotics, there’re always plenty of boring, repetitive and mechanical jobs, and lots of unskilled people who have to do them.So how do managers motivate people in such jobs? One solution is to give them some responsibilities, not as individuals, but as part of a team.For example, some supermarkets combine office staff, the people who fill the shelves, and the people who work at the check-out into a team, and let them decide what product lines to stock, how to display them and so on. Many people now talk about the importance of a company’s shared values or culture with which all the staff can identify, for example, being the best hotel chain, or making the best, the most user-friendly or the most reliable products in a particular field.Such values are more likely to motivate workers than financial targets which ultimately only concern a few people. Unfortunately, there is only a limited number of such goals to go around. And by definition, not all the competing companies in an industry can seriously claim to be the best. 11.What can actually motivate workers according to Frederick Hertzberg? 12.What do some supermarkets do to motivate their employees? 13.Why does the speaker say financial targets are less likely to motivate workers?

Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. The Golden Gate Bridge joins the beautiful city of San Francisco with the suburbs to the north.Each day about 100, 000 automobiles cross the bridge, taking people to and from the city.More than half of them cross the bridge during the morning and evening rush hours.When traffic is so heavy the trip is not pleasant.Now, however, there is at least one group of happy commuters. These are the people who travel under the bridge instead of on it. They go to work by boat and enjoy it so much that most of them say they will never go by car again.The ferry they take is spacious, quiet and comfortable. Commuters can enjoy the sun on the deck. the morning In they can have breakfast in the coffee shop.And in the evening they can order a drink in the bar while looking at the beautiful scenery.The trip takes only 30 minutes and is not very costly.Best of all, being on a boat seems to make people more friendly toward each other.There has already been a marriage of two commuters who met on the ferry. Because the ferry has been so successful, there are plans to use other still larger boats.There is a proposal for a high speed boat that will make the trip in only 15 minutes.But not everyone is happy about that.A lot of people feel that half an hour is just enough time to relax. 14.According to the passage, how do commuters feel about crossing the Golden Gate Bridge by car? 15.What does the speaker say about ferry commuters? 16.How do commuters respond to plans for the future of the ferry? Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations.The conversations will be read twice.After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard.Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. M: Amy, you are so learned.Where did you receive your education? W: I graduated from a traditional European school with a history of 200 years.I had received a classical education. M: Classical, wow.What did you learn? W: Music, history, literature, civilizations, philosophy, languages and some sciences. M: Lucky you.I wish I could have received good education as you did. W: Come on, Jack. you really think that is a good education? When I was at school, I did enjoy Do my studies.But after graduation, to my surprise, I, as an A student, could not find a job. M: You must be kidding me. W: I’m serious.The degree could get me into any university for further studies, but…during the job interviews, most employers thought I had no useful skills they want.Maybe something is wrong with my education. M: Oh, Amy, you won’t say that if you know my story.I left school at 17 and went to work right away in a factory.All I was taught was all the training needed for the job. W: That’s good. M: No! That’s not good at all. know, I feel ashamed for not recognizing the names of the most You famous painters and writers of my country, which seem to be common sense for others. is Job not my whole life.Now I realize I have missed something important.I want to make my life fuller.So I’m going back to school to get a good education which you have already got.

W: To be frank, I don’t quite get that.Maybe education is not easy to evaluate. M: You do have a point.What’s important in good education? No one gets a satisfying answer until now. Complete the form.Write one word for each answer. ………. . Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. W: Oh! I’m fed up with my job! M: Hey! There’s a perfect job for you in the paper today.You might be interested. W: Oh? What is it? What do they want? M: Wait a minute…Ah, here it is.The European Space Agency is recruiting translators. W: The European Space Agency? M: Well, that’s what it says.They need an English translator to work from French or German. W: So they need a degree in French or German, I suppose.Well, I’ve got that .What’s more, I have plenty of experience.What else are they asking for? M: Just that.A university degree, and 3 or 4 years of experience as a translator in a professional environment.They also say, the person should have a lively and inquiring mind, effective communication skills, and the ability to work individually, or as a part of the team. W: Well, if I stay at my present job much longer, I won’t have any mind or skills left.By the way, what about salary? I just hope it isn’t lower than what I get now. M: It’s said to be negotiable. depends on the applicant’s education and experience. addition to It In basic salary, there’s a list of extra benefits.Have a look yourself. W: Um…travel and social security plus relocation expenses are paid.Hey, this isn’t bad.I really want the job. Complete the form.Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. ………………. Keys 1-10 ADCBC DBDAB 11-13 BDB 14-16 CDA 17.European 18.insufficient 19.incomplete 20.education 21. present job 22. her Translator 23. communication skills 24. Education and experience 25-40 CBDCA BCDBA BCABDD 41-49 CABDJIGHE 50- 64 ACBBC DADBA CBDCB 65-68 ACBA 69-71 BAD 72-75 ACCB 76-80 CABDF 81.an aeroplane or helicopter 82.The phrase is “showing a staggering diversity of life” 83.sunlight will be able to reach them 84.Because they provide a barrier between the ocean and the shore. Translation 1.The police rescued more than 100 dogs from an illegal pet clinic. 2.Despite the hardship he encountered, he never gave up pursuing knowledge.

3.Microsoft confirmed that they found a new partner to fight against its rival, Apple. 4. Our physics teacher always gives his lesson in a lively and clear way, which greatly benefits his students. 5.To learn English well, students should be exposed to real language environments as much as possible.