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2013届江苏高考完形填空、任务型阅读专项训练五


2013 届江苏高考 完形填空、任务型阅读专项训练五
I. 完形填空 Who do you think came up with the idea for the Paralympics (残奥会)? The man who organized the sporting events which became the Paralympics Games 36 was a doctor, Ludwig Guttmann. 37 in a hospital. Then he 38 from In his teens, Ludwig was always interested in medicine and worked as a medical school and became a doctor when he was 25 years old. Guttmann his research 43 39 a successful career for the next few years. 41 for them. In 1938 Guttmann the best way to treat patients. 44 in the fighting. Often they 47 45 the use 46 and help. The disabled soldiers were often 48 and angry for they couldn’t really live 40 42 , because Guttmann and his family were Jews, in to the UK with his family where he continued Germany it was becoming very

The Second World War was going on and there were a lot of soldiers of their legs and needed strength. Guttmann sports. 49 a normal, useful life. Guttmann used his new

to look after their injuries but he also tried to give them emotional 50 as a

taking part in sport could help a person’s body as well as their mind and began to use 51

treatment to help his patients. He wanted to give them back their self-respect and dignity and

them to take part in

In 1948 the hospital held a sporting event called “The International Wheelchair Games”. By 1952 the event began to 52 bigger with disabled athletes from other countries attending. By 1960 the games were called the International Stroke 53 54 Summer Olympics. By 1968 there were 750 athletes the games were called “Paralympics”, but there Mandeville Games and they were held in Rome alongside the is no 55

from 29 different countries. Guttmann himself died in 1980, even enjoy the Paralympics. 36. A. gradually 37. A. doctor 38. A. excited 39. A. enjoyed 40. A. But 41. A. ambiguous 42. A. moved 43. A. of 44. A. dying 45. A. made 46. A. treatment 47. A. exhausted 48. A. materials 49. A. knew 50. A. music 51. A. forced 52. A. seem 53. A. yearly 54. A. before B. eventually B. steward B. benefited B. accepted B. However B. difficult B. poured B. over B. sacrificing B. lost B. movement B. challenged B. experiments B. denied B. medicine B. encouraged B. come B. local B. after

that he is the founder and father of the Paralympics Games. It’s thanks to his hard work that we are all able to C. temporarily C. volunteer C. suffered C. designed C. Therefore C. apparent C. submitted C. about C. wounded C. reduced C. development C. depressed C. models C. allowed C. sport C. allowed C. make C. independent C. until D. compulsorily D. director D. graduated D. explored D. Otherwise D. diverse D. flooded D. into D. destroyed D. lacked D. achievement D. astonished D. methods D. approved D. magic D. drove D. get D. official D. since

55. A. evidence B. wonder C. doubt D. problem II. 任务型阅读 Did you know that falling down is the leading cause of injury death for Americans aged 65 and older? Each year 35 to 40 percent of older adult Americans fall at least once. Falling down is not just the result of getting older. Falling can be caused by a variety of circumstances, and many falls can be prevented. Here are 4 simple steps you can take to significantly reduce your risk of injury from falling down. Improve Your Body Balance with Exercise to Prevent Falling If you don’t have a regular exercise program, start one. Lack of exercise leads to weakness, and that increases your chances of falling. Exercises can improve your body balance and flexibility at any age. Try exercises like Yoga and Tai Chi. If you are over 50 and haven’t exercised regularly, check with your health care provider about the best type of exercise program for you. Increase Your Home’s Accessibility and Safety to Reduce Falling Risks About half of all falls happen at home. To increase accessibility and make your home safer: Remove items you might trip over from stairs and places where you walk. Remove small throw rugs (易滑地垫) or use double-sided tape to keep rugs from slipping. Have grab bars installed next to your toilet, and install grab bars in your tub or shower. Improve the lighting in your home. Make sure all stairways have handrails and sufficient lighting. Wear shoes that give good support and have thin non-slip soles. You might also consider avoiding lightweight slippers (especially backless styles), which can reduce your feeling of control. Watch Out for Medication Side Effects Age can affect the way some medications work in your body, so if you have been taking any over-the-counter medications for a while, it’s important to tell your health care provider. He or she will be able to tell you if they are still safe for you to take. Look out for drugs that have side effects including drowsiness (困倦). These side effects can increase your risk of falling. This is especially important with over-the-counter cold and flu medications, which can often increase drowsiness. And don’t forget herbal remedies (草药). Some remedies increase sleepiness and many react with other types of medication, which could increase your risk of falling down. Be sure to check with your health care provider before trying new medication. Want to Prevent Falling? Have Your Vision Checked Regularly Vision problems can increase your chances of falling. You may be wearing the wrong glasses that cause vision problems or limit your vision. To reduce your risk of falling, have your vision checked by an eye doctor every year for early detection and correction of vision problems. If you can’t see something, it’s harder to avoid it and this increase your risk of falling. How to Reduce Your Risk of Injury from Falling (71) _________ Make your body (72) _________ with exercise Detailed suggestions ● Try exercise (73) _________ like Yoga and Ta Chi. ● Make clear which is the best type of exercise program for you in advance. ● Remove items that might cause you to (74) _________ Increase your home’s accessibility and safety ● (75) _________ items that will support you when needed. ● Improve the lighting in and out of your room. ● Wear non-slip shoes. Be (76) _________ of medication side effects Protect your carefully vision ● Do check with your health care provider to ensure your (77) _________ of taking any over-the-counter medications, (78) _________ you have taken them or not . ● Don’t (79) _________ the wrong glasses that damage your vision. ● Have your vision checked regularly to detect and correct your (80) _________ vision problems. (五) 36-40 BCDAB 41-45 BADCB 46-50 ACDAC 51-55 BDDAC

71. Steps/ Measures/Ways 76. careful 77. safety

72. balance 78. whether

73. regularly 79. wear

74. fall/slip 75. Install 80. potential


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