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2011年12月大学英语(B)统考备考建议与冲刺复习资料汇总


2011 年 12 月大学英语(B)统考备考建议
针对 2011 年 12 月英语网络统考学习已经开始了。为了顺利通过这次考试,就 如何准备考试,建议如下: 今年的 12 月考试时间为 12.17—12.20 日,如果学生是通过平台自己报名的时 间 为 10.13—11.1 日 。 如 果 是 学 生 自 己 报 名 , 考 试 时 间 上 选 择 为 后 3 天 (12.18—12.20) ,最好不要选择第一天,相对来说第一天考试的同学遇到的新题会 比较多,这会让后面考试的同学有机会得到更新内容,而每天的新题都会有汇总, 为了让自己准备的更加充分,所以考试时间建议往后选择。 关于考点的选择上可以请教自己的学长们,相信他们能给你提供参考意见。 考试的场次选择下午,这样如果上午出现了什么新的题目,你也可以得到其他 同学的反馈,下午考试准备上也能比较充裕。 如果不能自己报名那就是学校统一报名, 建议好好的复习下, 准备的充裕一些, 以便顺利通过考试。 考试临近, 为了让你的突击有些方向做以下说明。 这个时候想问大家的问题是: 我们拿什么迎接考试?用了多少时间做了多少准备?如果你还什么都没看, 可以看 看群共享的资料了。 -------------------------------------------------------------------下面就考试题型设置、题量、考试时间以及考试形式等基本信息做分析。 今年采用的是 2010 的新版大纲,通过 2011 年 4 月的考试我们可以了解到,只 要进行一定的温习,考试的合格率会大大的提高,官方数字显示,2010 年的 3 次 考试全国合格率在 50%,2011 年 4 月全国合格率在 72%,我们要把握这个调整的 机会来通过,顺利毕业。 考试的题型分为 6 部分,分别为: 第一部分交际用语,5 题 15 分,主要是考一些客套话和一些常规的情景对话,掌 握起来绝对不是难事,一些简单的单词,初中程度即可掌握,如果是想顺利通过考 试,这 15 分是一定不可以丢的。资料中标注红色的 45 题会考到 2-3 题,蓝色的 40 题考 1 题,黑色的考 1 题。资料中的题目均做了全中文解析,容易掌握。复习时多 看看中文的翻译和答案,了解一些常规的交际用语,比如问是否介意,一般说 NO, 除非是吸烟,比如看到 Congratulations, 回答句是 thank you,等客套话还是不难掌 握的,这部分很容易复习,15 分不难拿。 第二部分阅读理解,2 题 30 分,阅读 1 是新改的题型,为正误判断,相对来说难 度较低,投机几率大,正误判断题主要考查学生对文章的具体事实、信息的理解能
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力。一般是根据文章的事实或细节,给出一个句子,判断其正误。做此类题时,应 先看题,后带着―问题‖快速阅读短文,寻找所需要的信息。本次 4 月出现的阅读 1 总有 105 篇,相信这次 9 月不会有太多新题加入,资料中精选了出现几率最大的 28 篇,尽量掌握。基础差的同学,如果考试遇到了全新的题目,全选 T 或 F 也能 对上 1-2 题。阅读 2 是取自新版大纲中的 9 套题的 18 篇阅读理解,没有太多花头, 考试原题出现,所以即使是硬背答案,也必须要做到看到题目就知道选什么答案。 复习时可以通过记一些关键词来掌握,比如 French(法国)看到这个单词就能想到 是说法国大革命,看到 Maria 就知道是说一个女孩在机场发生的事情。然后看题目 的中文意思,把错误的回答删除,只保留正常的答案来记忆。 第三部分词汇结构,5 题 10 分,这部分对于基础不是很好的同学会比较难,短时 间提高不现实,只能多看资料多温习,看多了自然就会有印象,做题也会有感觉。 资料中标注红色的 45 题会考到 2-3 题,蓝色的 40 题考 1 题,黑色的考 1 题。 第四部分完型填空,1 题 10 分,新版的难度大大降低。解题思路:短文中共包含 5 个未完成的句子,针对每个句子中空缺部分,请从 A、B、C、D、E 五个选项中选 出正确选项。5 个选项分别填入不同位置。比如说一段话的结尾是句号,接着是空 格,那么这个空格上要从下面的答案中找一个以大写字母开头的单词,因为句首需 要大写,再比如说 the 后面需要跟的是名词,你就从答案中找名词属性的单词, 你能确定一个少一个,不会填重复的答案。从 4 月的考试后反馈来说,大部分同学 都觉得没什么问题,这次 4 月的完型填空出现新题总有 63 篇,资料中精选了出现 几率最大的 31 篇,尽量掌握。 第五部分英译汉,4 题 20 分,新版加大此部分的分值,对我们还是很有利的,建 议先看英语,尝试翻译,然后掌握不熟悉的单词。资料中红色的 45 题会出 2-3 个, 黑色的出 1-2 个,如果实在是不行就看看红色的,这样也有 10-15 分。建议能都掌 握就尽量掌握,翻译还是比较容易掌握的一部分。此部分人工评阅,只要大概意思 到位,语句通顺,即可满分,所以写完后务必要自己默读一遍,自己感觉通顺不通 顺,根据 4 月的考试反馈,大部分出现的句子都是比较简单的,由以前的长句翻译 变为了现在的短句翻译,范围也从原来是 400 多题缩减到现在的 160 多题,复习起 来还是比较容易的,所以这 20 分是很重要的,不能丢失。 第六部分作文,1 题 15 分。通过 4 月的考试,发现了加大了书信和请假条等方面 的作文,所以在掌握常规命题后还应该做一些扩展掌握,总体来说变动不是很大, 如果基础不是非常好的,作文可以选择性的掌握一些,然后学会套用。题库中的精 选范文 40 篇,考前还会做押题。基础查的同学不要太纠结于作文,因为如果你没 有好的基础想短时间去提高, 不是很现实, 还是把有限的时间去复习能拿分的题目, 建议有基础的同学背上几篇重要的范文,不能背的记下汉语去用 WORD 翻译
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(WORD--工具--语言--翻译) ,不能全空白,拼也要拼一下,只要写的一般都会有 个 3-5 分。 综上所知,本次 9 月的考试还是比较容易通过,而且最好也是在 9 月能通过, 因为每年的 12 月都是比较难的一次,不论是从题量还是难度上来说,都会比 4 月 9 月要难,所以好好把握,后续更多分析请关注。希望能让您的复习做到事半功倍。 再总结下复习的顺序:交际--翻译--阅读 2--词汇--阅读 1--完形--作文,可以以此顺 序温习。

如何复习写作
一.写作常见误区 1) 审题有误,作文跑题。 建议大家将作文范文出现的题目通读一遍,至少要知道自己要写的题目是什么 意思。 2) 字数过多, 内容混乱。 ―言多必失‖,建议大家作文控制在 100 字左右,有利于给老师留下一个完整简 洁的印象,提高得分。 二.写作考试技巧 1、考试前要熟悉常考的作文题目和范文; 2、遇到不完全一样的题目,或者题目要求与所复习的内容不完全一致,不要慌张, 尽量找类似的题目模仿; 3、写信和通知时要遵循固定的格式; 4、第一段一定要点题; 5、如果作文没有具体要求,也最好分为三段。 好了,就写到这吧,如果是想温习的,要抓紧时间做一定的复习。

功夫不负有心人,一分耕耘一分收获。

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2011 年 12 月大学英语(B)统考冲刺复习资料汇总
第一部分 交际英语(45 个红色重点) 1.—Why didn’t you come to my birthday party yesterday? -- ____D____. A. Excuse me, my friend sent me a flower B. Fine, I never go to birthday parties C. Well, I don’t like birthday parties D. Sorry, but my wife had a car accident 2.—This box is too heavy for me to carry upstairs. --____B____ . A. You may ask for help B. I’ll give you a hand C. Please do me a favor D. I’d come to help 3. -That’s a beautiful dress you have on!- _____A___. A. Oh, thanks. I got it yesterday B. Sorry, it’s too cheap C. You can have it D. See you later 4. -David injured his leg playing football yesterday. -Really? ____C____? A. Who did that B. What’s wrong with him C. How did that happen D. Why was he so careless 5. -Hi, is Mary there, please?- _____A___ A. Hold on. I’ll get her. B. No, she isn’t here. C. Yes, she lives here. D. Yes, what do you want? 6. -It’s rather cold in here. Do you mind if I close the window?- _____B___. A. Yes, please B. No, go ahead C. Sure, please D. I don’t like it 7.-Medam,do all the buses go downtown? - ____D____. A. Wow, you got the idea B. No, never mind C. pretty well, I guess D. Sorry, I’m new here 8.-Could I speak to Don Watkins, please?- ____C____ A. I’m listening. B. Oh, how are you? C. Speaking ,please. D. I’m Don. 9.-Thanks for your help. - _____A___. A. My pleasure B. Never mind C. Quite right D. Don’t thank me 10.-Hello, I’m Harry Potter. -Hello, my name is Charles Green, but ___C_____. A. call my Charles B. call me at Charles C. call me Charles D. call Charles me 11.-Excuse me, could you show me the way to the nearest post office? - ___D_____Oh yes! Two blocks away from here at the Green Avenue. You can’t miss it. A. I beg your pardon? B. What do you mean? C. You’re welcome. D. Mm, let me think. 12.--Unbelievable! I have failed the driving test again! -- B . This is not the end of the world. A. Good luck B. Cheer up C. Go ahead D. No problem 13.--Could you help me with my physics, please? -- D . A.. No, no way B. No, I couldn’t C. No, I can’t D. Sorry I can’t. I have to go to a meeting right now 14.—Haven’t seen you for ages! What are you busy doing now? -D . A. I have the weather here B. My hair is getting a bit longer C. Yeah, thanks for coming D. I am working part time in a bookshop, you know 15.—How do you do? Glad to meet you. -- B . A.. Fine. How are you? B. How do you do? Glad to meet you, too. C. How are you? Thank you! D. Nice. How are you? 16.—Who’s that speaking?/ Who’s speaking? --This is Tom C . A. speaks B. spoken C. speaking D. saying 17.—How are you, Bob? -- B , Ted. A. How are you? B. I’m fine. Thank you. C. How do you do? D. Nice to meet you. 18.--Paul,____B____? -Oh, that’s my father! And beside him, my mother. A. what is the person over there. B. who’s talking over there. C. what are they doing. D. which is that. 19.--How often do you go dancing? -____C___. A..I will go dancing tomorrow. B. Yesterday. C. Every other day. D. I’ve been dancing for a year. 20.--Hello, may I talk to the director now? -______A____. A.. Sorry, he is busy at the moment. B. No, you can’t. C. Sorry, you can’t. D.I don’t know. 21.--I’m sorry. I lost the key. --_____A_____.
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A.. Well, it’s OK B. No, it’s all right C. You are welcome D. You are wrong 22.---____C_____? --He teaches physics in a school. A. what does your father want to do B. who is your father C. what is your father D. where is your father now 23.--How was your trip to London, Jane? -____A_____. A. Oh, wonderful indeed B.I went there alone C. The guide showed me the way D. By plane and by bus 24.--Thank you for inviting me. -____C_____ A.I really had a happy time. B. Oh, it’s too late. C. Thank you for coming. D. Oh, so slowly 25.--May I see your tickets, please? 此题要记答案 Sure /______C____. A. No, they are mine B. No, you can’t C. Sure D. Yes, you can 26.--Please help yourself to the seafood. --_____D_____. A. No, I can’t. B. Sorry, I can’t help C. well, seafood don’t suit for D. Thanks, but I don’t like the seafood 27.--Hey, Tom, what’s up? -_______B____. A. Yes, definitely! B. Oh, not much. C. What is happening in your life? D. You are lucky. 28---Do you mind my smoking here? -____B_____. A. No, thanks B. Yes, I do C. Yes, I’d rather not D. Good idea 29.--I wonder if I could use your computer tonight?-____A_____I’m not using it right now. A. Sure, go ahead. B.I don't know. C. It doesn't matter. D. Who cares? 30.-We are going to have a singing party tonight. Would you like to join us? -____A_____. A. I’m afraid not, because I have to go to an important meeting. B. Of course not. I have no idea C. No, I can’t D That’s all set 31.-How about going to dinner at the Mexican restaurant tonight? -_____C____ A Forget it. B Sorry, I like Mexican food. C That’s great! D Glad you like it. 32.-Shall we sit up here on the grass or down there near the water? -_____A____ A. I’d rather stay here if you don’t mind. B Sorry, I don’t like neither. C. Certainly, why not? D Yes, we like these two places. 33.-Is it possible for you to work late tonight? -_____D____. A I like it B I’ll do that C I’d love to D I think so 34.-Must I take a taxi? -No, you_____D____. You can take a car. A had better to B don’t C must not D don’t have to 35.-Wow!This is a marvelous room! I’ve never known you’re so artistic. -_____C____. A Great, I am very art-conscious B Don’t mention it C Thanks for your compliments D It’s fine 36.--__B_______? -Well, they got there last Wednesday. So about a week. A .When did your parents arrive at Paris B. How long have your parents been in Paris C. Did your parents arrive at Paris last Wednesday D. When will your parents go to Paris 37.-Would you mind changing seats with me? -_____C____. A Yes, you canB Of course, I like to C No, I don’t mind D Certainly, please do C Remember to bring it next time. D I’m glad to hear that. 38.-Could I borrow your car for a few day? -______C___. A Yes, you may borrow B Yes, go on C Sure, here you are. Enjoy your journey D It doesn’t matter 39.-Congratulations!You won the first prize in today’s speech contest. -_____C____. A Yes, I beat the others B No, no, I didn’t do it well C Thank you D It’s pleasure 40.-Hi,Tom, how’s everything with you? -____B_____, and how are you? A Don’t mention it B Hm, not too bad C Thanks D Pretty fast 41.-Can you go to the concert with us this evening? -____B_____. A No, I already have plans B I’d love to, but I’m busy tonight
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C No, I really don’t like being with you D I’m ill, so I shouldn’t go out 42.-Marilyn, I’m afraid I have to be leaving now. -____B_____ A That sounds wonderful. B Oh, so early? C Not at all. D Good luck! 43. Hi, welcome back! Had a nice trip? —____A________ A. Oh, fantastic! Fresh air, and sunshine every day. B. Come on, I’ve got lots of fun. C. By the way, I don’t like Saturdays. D. Well, I’ll look forward to your phone call. 44. —Excuse me, how much is the jacket? —It’s 499 Yuan. _______D_____. A. Oh, no. That’s OK! B. How do you like it? C. Which do you prefer? D. Would you like to try it on? 45. — May I use your bike for a moment? — ___C____ A. It’s well. B. It doesn’t matter. C. By all means. D. I have no idea. 交际 68 个蓝色重点 1.--How do I get to the cinema?- ___D_____.能告诉我电影院怎么走吗?沿着这条街,然后向左拐 A It’s very far. B Yes, there is a cinema near here. C It’s well known. D Go down this street and turn left. 2. --Shall I drive you to the railway station? 要我开车送你去火车站吗? -Oh, don’t bother about it. I’ll take a taxi. .哦。不要麻烦,我打个出租。 -Well, _____D___!恩,祝你旅途愉快。 -Thank you and good-bye! 谢谢,拜拜。 A come on B help C have it checked up D have a nice trip 3. -Which sweater do you like better? 你喜欢哪件毛衣? - ___D_____.我无法决定 A Good idea B Yes, it’s nice C Yes, please D I can’t decide 4.--Excuse me, but can you tell me the way to the post office? 打搅下,你能告诉我去邮局的路吗 -- B .不好意思,我是外地人。 A. Don’t ask that B Sorry, I’m a stranger here C No, I can't say that D No, you’re driving too fast 5. -How is your mother these days? 你母亲最近几天怎么样?-Oh______B______哦,她不是非常好。 A. She is good. B. She is not very well. C. Never mind. D. That’s all right. 6.-I had a really good weekend at my uncle’s. 我跟我叔叔过了很愉快的周末。 -______D ___.噢,听到这个消息我很高兴。 A Oh, that’s very nice of you B Certainly C It’s a pleasure D Oh, I’m glad to hear that 7.-Oh,dear!I’ve lost my new watch.噢,天哪,我丢了我的新手表。-_____D____真遗憾! A. I’m sad. B. That’s right. C. That’s all right. D. What a pity! 8.-Excuse me, could you tell me how to get to the post office? 打搅下,您能告诉我怎么去邮局吗? -____D_____.不好意思,我是外地人。 A You can’t miss it B I don’t know C No, I can’t D Sorry, but I am a stranger here myself 9. -How is Mr. Brown? 布朗先生怎么样?-____C_____. 他很好。 A He is tall and beautiful B He is very strict with us C He is fine D He is in an expensive car 10.-Good morning, John. How are you doing?早上好,约翰,你好吗? -_____C____ 不太坏,你呢? A I’m pleased. B Good night C Not so bad. And you? D How do you do? 11.-How are you today? 你今天好吗? -____A_____, thank you.不错,谢谢。 A. Fine B. Good C. Nice D. Great 12.-How do you do?你好!-____B_____你好! A. Fine, thank you. B. How do you do? C. Not too bad. D. Very well. 13. - ___A_____? -I’m from Mexico. 你从哪儿来?我从墨西哥来。 A. Where are you from B. How do you come here C. What’s your name D. How far is it
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14.-Excuese me, is there any grocery store around here?打搅下,附近有杂货店吗? -Yes, ____B____on Pine street .It’s not far from here.是的,在 Pine 街上有一家,离这不远。 A you like it B there is one C you’ll catch it D it’s warm and foggy 15. - Excuse me, can you tell me the way to the bus stop? 打搅下,您能告诉我去公共汽车站的路吗? - _____A____好的,沿着这条街走到底 A Yes, go straight down this way to the end. B Why do you ask me the way? C Yes, I will. D No, I can't tell you that. 16.- Good afternoon. Can I help you? 下午好,您有什么需要? - _____C____?我需要买生日礼物给我儿子 A. No. I don't think so. B Thank you. C I need to buy a birthday present for my son. D. Yes. I think so 17.- How much is this blue tablecloth? - ____B_____ 这条蓝色桌布多少钱? - 10.3 美元 A. The green one is better. B. Ten dollars and thirty cents. C. It's cheap. D. Yes. It's beautiful. 18. - Where is the Loan Department, please? 请问信贷部在哪? - _____B____请这边走 A Who are you? B This way, please. C I don't want to say anything. D What can I do for you? 19. How is your father today?__C___,thanks. 你父亲今天怎么样? -他好多了,谢谢 A.. He’s over forty B. He’s a teacher C. He’s much better D. He’s Brown 20. - We'd like two Cokes, please. 请给我们 2 杯可乐 - _____A____小杯,中杯还是大杯 A. Small, medium or large? B. You must pay first. C. Thank you. D. You are welcome. 21. - let me introduce myself. I am Tom. 自我介绍下,我是汤姆 - ____D___.很高兴认识你 A. What a pleasure B. It's pleasure C. I'm very pleased D. Pleased to meet you 22. - Are you fond of reading novels? 那你喜欢读小说吗? - _____D____是的,我喜欢看小说。 A. I found one novel. B. No, novels cannot read. C. Novels are bad. D. Yes. I like reading novels. 23. - Hi, haven't seen you for ages! You look fine.嗨,好久不见!你看起来很好。 - ___B____. You look well, too. 谢谢,你看上去也不错。 A. Great B. Thanks C. Oh, no D. Not at all 24. Nice to see you again, Mr. Smith. How are you? 很高兴再次见到你,史密斯先生,你好吗? - ____B_____ 我很好,谢谢,你呢? A. I miss you. B. Fine. Thank you. And you? C. Are you OK? D. This way, please. 25. Are you feeling all right today? 今天你感觉好吗? --Not really. 不是很好。 --________D__________. 听你这样说我很遗憾。 A. Oh, I see B. It doesn't matter C. You'd better be happy D. I am sorry to hear that 26. Take these pills three times a day. Come back and see me in a week. —___A______ 每天三次吃这些药片,一周后再来找我。 -- 真是非常感谢你。 A. Thank you very much indeed. B. I can't make it. C. I haven't decided yet. D. Good idea! 27.- Good-bye for now. - ___C______ A. The same to you. B. That's OK. C. See you. D. Long time no see.

28. -- I failed the maths exam again. -- ____B_____ A. Well done. B. What a pity! C. That's right. 29. -Nice to meet you. A. Fine, thank you. -__C___ B. How are you? C. Nice to meet you, too. D. Thank you.
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D. I'm glad.

30. --Hi! Jim. This is my brother Peter. --- ____C_____

A. How are you? B. Fine, thank you. C. Nice to meet you. D. You are very kind. 31. - Hello, how are you? - ____C_____ A. Hello, how are you? B. How do you do? C. Fine, thank you. D. That's OK. 32. - How much is this necklace? - ____C_____ A. It's very nice. B. It's a birthday present from my parents. C. It costs fifty pounds. D. It's a bargain. 33. - How's your family?- ___C______ A. Thanks all the same. B. Thanks for calling. C. Not too bad. D. Don't mention it. 34. - How's your mother doing? - ____B_____ A. She is very kind. B. She is very well. C. She is not very old. D. She is doing shopping now. 35. - Hello, Amy. How's everything? - ___A______ A. Just so-so. B. That's right. C. How are you? D. Good to see you. 36. - Welcome to United International. I hope you will enjoy your work here. - ___C_____ A. I can earn a lot. B. Is this a good firm? C. I am sure I will. D. You are very kind. 37. - Do you like to play basketball? - ____C_____ A. Perhaps. B. No. Xiao Wang does not like it. C. I am crazy about it. D. I am pleased about it. 38. ― Hi! George. How are you? ― _______D__________ A. That's all right. B. Don't mention it. C. How are you? D. Fine, thanks. And you? 39.― Pleased to meet you! ― ______A__________ A. Pleased to meet you, too. B. How do you do? C. I've heard about you. D. The pleasure is mine. 40. -Welcome to Beijing! -______A_______ A. Thank you. B. Oh, good. C. How do you do? D. That's all right. 41.-Hello! Are you John Smith? -____A___ A. Yes, I am. B. I do. C. I'm fine. D. Oh, good. 42.- _____D________ -I'm suffering from a stomachache.? A. Are you feeling better? B. Why are you here? C. Are you pleased? D. What's the matter with you? 43.- Good night and thanks again. - ___D____ A. You can't say that. B. No, no. It's what I can do. C. How can you say that. D. Good night. 44. How much is that meat, please? - ________B_____________ A. Ten o'clock. B. Ten yuan a kilo. C. I like it very much. D. I don't like. 45. - I doubt whether the Chinese Football Team can win the game this time. - ________B____________. A. That's true B. It's hard to say C. I like the team D. I don't believe it 46. I'm sorry to hear that you failed in the exam. _____B______. A. Not at all B. Oh, thank you.That's very kind of you. C. You are welcome D. Yes, I'm really sorry 47. How could you say that? ____C_______. I did not mean to hurt you. A. Excuse me B. I won't regret C. I'm really sorry D. That's all right 48. We are sure of winning the match. _____C_________. We'll meet at the match. A. So are we B. I think so C. Don't be so sure D. It's out of question 49. You haven't been to Beijing, have you? ____A________. How I wish to go there. A. No, I haven't B. Yes, I have C. No, I have D. Yes, I haven't 50. Has Alice had an accident? _____C_______. A. I don't hope so B. I hope no C. I hope not D. She didn't say to 51. -- How are your parents?-- _____C_____. A. I'm OK, thanks B. She is well, thanks C. They are both fine, thanks D. He is well, thanks 52. -- _____D____ -- Fine, thanks. A. How do you do? B. Hello! C. Nice to meet you。 D. How are you? 53. --Hi, Jim! Nice to meet you. -- ___D______. A. Certainly B. Many thanks C. OK D. Nice to meet you, too
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54. -- It's nearly ten o'clock. It's time for you to go to bed, Kate! --OK. _____D____, Dad. A. See you later B. Good-bye C. Good evening D. Good night 55. -What can I do for you? -___B_____ A. Let me have a watch. B. Could you show me the watch? C. Yes, you can. Give me the watch. D. The watch, please don't give me the pen. 56. ---I'll fly to Shanghai on business next Friday. ---__________D__________________ A. That's very nice of you. B. I don't think so. C. Can't you go? D. Have a good trip. 57. --- The summer vacation is coming in a few days. I'll share the holidays with my daughter by traveling. ---- __C____. A. Congratulations! B. Nice to meet you! C. Have a good trip! D. It's very kind of you. 58. -Morning, sir.___D___ -I've learnt that silk is famous here. Can I get some? A. Can you help me? B. What's the matter with you? C. Can you give me a hand? D. Anything I can do for you? 59. - I heard Susan surprised her teacher by working hard. -- Yes, ___B___ A. her teacher worked hard. B. Susan worked hard. C. the teacher was surprising. D. Susan was surprised. 60. ---This is John. -- ____C_______ A. Oh, I have never seen you. B. Yes, I am glad. C. Hello, John. Nice to meet you. D. How are you? 61. ---I have lost my new English dictionary. -- ____A_____ A. What a pity! B. It's nothing. C. It doesn't matter. D. Not at all. 62. -- Hi, I'm Liz. -- ____A_____ A. Hi, nice to see you. B. What do people call you? C. Fine, and you? D. How do you do? 63. --___A____, could you please tell me where the school library is? --Sure. It's at the back of the campus, about five minutes' walk from here. A. Excuse me B. Pardon me C. That's right D. Thank you 64. --I went to the beach and got plenty of rest. --_____C______. You looked tired last time I saw you. A. I hope so B. Really C. I'm glad you did D. The sound was nice 65. --How can I get to the nearest post office? --_______B________ A. It is a long way from here. B. Sorry, I am new here. C. Why don't you walk? D. Here it is. 66. -My brother fell off his bike and hurt himself. -___B___ A. How careless he was! B. I'm sorry to hear that. C. That's too bad. D. I'm bad to hear that. 67. --What can I do for you, sir? --____C_________ A. Can you lend me some money? B. Nothing. C. I want a pair of shoes. D. Whatever. 68. -- Would you like to go to the concert with us this evening? -- ____B____ A. No, I already have plans. B. I'd love to, but I'm busy tonight. C. No, I really don't like being with you. D. I'm ill, so I shouldn't go out.

第二部分 阅读理解
阅读 1 为正误判断题,在考试中的阅读第一篇,相对来说难度较低,投机几率大。 解题思路:正误判断题主要考查学生对文章的具体事实、信息的理解能力。一般是根据文章的事实 或细节,给出一个句子,判断其正误。比较直接,难度相对较小。做此类题时,应先看题,后带着“问 题”快速阅读短文,寻找所需要的信息。 Passage 1 Mr. Young ran his own business and worked very hard. His wife was afraid that he would get sick if he continued like that, so she often tried to get him to take a vacation. At last she managed to persuade him
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to do so, and she hoped that he would be able to enjoy his vacation without any disturbance, so before they left, Mrs. Young went to see her husband's secretary. She said to her, "My husband needs a vacation very much, so whatever happens, please don't bother him with telegrams and letters about business problems while we are away. Just wait till we get back." After Mr. and Mrs. Young had been away about a week, Mr. Young received a letter from his secretary which said, "Something terrible happened to your business, but I'm not going to bother you with it while you are enjoying your vacation." 杨先生经营自己生意和工作很辛苦,他的妻子怕他这样继续下去会生病,所以她常常劝说他去 度一次假。最后,她成功地说服了他,她希望他能够享受没有任何干扰的假期,所以在离开前,杨 太太去见了丈夫的秘书。她对她说,“我的丈夫非常需要一个假期,所以无论发生什么事,请不要 打电话和发有关业务问题的信件,一切都等到我们回来。”后来杨先生和夫人离开大约一周后,杨 先生收到了他秘书一封信,信中说:“你的生意发生了很大的损失,但我不会打搅你,你正在享受 你的假期。” 1. Mr. Young was the owner of a private business. A:T B:F 杨太太担心丈夫的生意 杨太太担心丈夫的假期被破坏 杨先生是个民营企业老板。

2. Mrs. Young worried about her husband's business. A:T B:F

3. Mrs. Young was afraid that her husband's vacation might be spoilt. A:T B:F

4. The secretary didn't explain in her letter what had happened to Mr.Young's business, because she didn't want to spoil Mr. Young's vacation. 秘书没有在信中说明发生了什么事情,因为她不想破坏杨先生的假期。 A:T 愚蠢的秘书。 A:T KEY:ABAAA B:F Passage 2 A story is told about a soldier who was finally coming home after having fought in Vietnam. He called his parents from San Francisco. "Mom and Dad, I'm coming home, but I've a favor to ask. I have a friend. I'd like to bring him home with me." "Sure," they replied, "we'd love to meet him." "There's something you should know," the son continued, "he was injured pretty badly in the fighting. He stepped on a land mine(地雷) and lost an arm and a leg. He has nowhere else to go, and I want him to live with us." "We're sorry to hear that, son. But, maybe we can help him find somewhere to live." "No, Mom and Dad, I want him to live with us." "Son," said the father, "you don't know what you're asking. Someone with such a handicap would be a terrible burden to us. We have our own lives to live, and we can't let something like this interfere with our lives. I think you should just come home and forget about this guy. He'll find a way to live on his own." At that point, the son hung up the phone. The parents heard nothing more from him. A few days later, however, they received a call from the San Francisco police. Their son had died after falling from a building.
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B:F

5. You can learn from the story that Mr. Young had a stupid secretary.你可以从文章中知道:杨先生有个

The police believed he had killed himself. The grief-stricken(悲痛欲绝的) parents flew to San Francisco and were taken to the city morgue(太平 间) to identify the body of their son. They recognized him, but to their horror they also discovered something they didn't know, their son had only one arm and one leg. 有这样一个故事,讲的是一个展示参加完越南战争后终于要回家了。他从旧金山打电话给他的父母, “爸爸妈妈,我要回家了,但是我想请你们帮个忙,我有一个朋友,我想带他一起回家。” “当然,”他们回答道,“我们将很高兴见到他。” “只是有些事情你们必须知道,” 儿子接着说, 他在战斗中受了很重的伤,他踩到地雷而失去了一只胳 “ 膊和一条腿。他无处可去,我想让他和我们住在一起。” “儿子,我们听到这个消息很抱歉。但是,或许我们可以帮他找个住的地方。” “不,爸爸妈妈,我想让他和我们住在一起。” “儿子,”父亲说,“你不知道你在说什么,身体这样残疾的人会成为我们生活的沉重负担,我们有自 己的生活,我们不能让这样的事情干扰我们的生活。我觉得你回来就好了,把那个人忘了吧,他会有办 法自己活下去的” 说到这里,儿子挂断了电话。父母再也听不到他的声音。然而几天后,他们接到了旧金山警方的电话, 说他们的儿子坠楼身亡了,警方认为他是自杀。 悲痛欲绝的父母飞往旧金山,并在警方的带领下到太平间去辨认儿子的遗体。他们认出了他,但是让他 们十分震惊的我,他们发现了一件之前不知道的事情:他们的儿子只有一只胳膊和一条腿。 1. The soldier called his parents from San Francisco after having fought in Vietnam. 曾在越南打仗的士兵 从旧金山打电话给他的父母。 A:T B:F 2. The soldier told his parents that he wanted them to meet his friend in the army. 那个士兵告诉他的父母, 他想让他们去迎接他在部队服役的朋友。 A:T B:F 3. His father considered his plan unacceptable. 他的父亲认为他的想法是不能接受的。 A:T 父母,他们的儿子已经自杀了。 A:T B:F 因为找不到一份工作儿子就自杀了。 B:F 4. A few days later the parents were told by the police that their son had killed himself. 几天后,警方告诉

5. The son killed himself because he was unable to find a job. A:T KEY:ABAAB B:F Passage 3

People often say that the Englishman's home is his castle. They mean that the home is very important and personal. Most people in Britain live in houses rather than flats, and many people own their homes. This means that they can make them personal, and change them in any way they like- Most houses have a garden, even if it is a small one, and the garden is usually loved. The house and the garden are the private space of a person. In a crowded city a person knows that he or she has a private space which is only for him or herself and for invited friends. People usually like to mark their space. If you are on the beach you may have spread your towels around you; on the train you may have put your coat or small bag on the seat beside you; in a library you may spread your books around you,
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Once I was travelling on a train to London. I was in a section for four people and there was a table between us. The man opposite to me had his briefcase on the table. There was no space on my side of the table at all. I was unhappy. I thought he thought that he owned the whole table. I had been reading a book about nonverbal communication so I took various papers out of my bag and put them on his case! When I did this he suddenly became angry and his eyes nearly popped out of his head. I had taken up his space! A few minutes later I took my papers off in order to read them. He immediately moved his case to his side of the table. 人们常说英国人的家就是他的城堡,意思是说家很重要也很私人的。大多数英国人住在别墅而不 是公寓,许多人都有自己的房子。这意味着他们可以把房子搞得颇具个人色彩,可以随心所欲的改变 它。多数房子里都有花园,即便花园很小,通常都是主人钟爱的。房子和花园是一个人的私密空间。在 拥挤的都市,人们知道他或她拥有的私密空间仅仅属于自己和受邀的朋友们。 人们通常喜欢标记地盘。 在沙滩上你会把浴巾摊开在你的周围,在火车上会把你的外套或小包放在 你旁边的座位上,在图书馆里你会将你的书摊在你的周围。 有一次我坐车去伦敦, 坐在一个四人区,我们之间有张桌子。 坐在我对面的男人将他的公文包放在 桌子上,我这边的桌子没剩下任何地方。我很不高兴,我觉得他是认为整张桌子都归他所有。那段 时间我正在读一本关于非语言交流的书,于是我从包里拿出很多不同的文件放在他的包上!当我这么 做的时候,他很气愤,他瞪大了眼睛,我占了他的地盘!几分钟后,当我拿起文件来看,他马上把包挪到 自己那边去了。 1. The home matters greatly to Englishmen. 英国人家庭观念很强。 A:T B:F 2. They love houses more than gardens. 他们喜欢比较房子的花园 A:T B:F 3. you want to tell others the space belongs to you 你想告诉别人空间是属于你的 A:T B:F 4. He placed his briefcase on the table. 他把公文包放在桌子上。 A:T B:F

5. The writer tried to get back his space by taking all his papers out.笔者试图用他的文件找回他的空间。 A:T KEY: ABAAA Passage 4 In 1920, barely out of his teens, Alfred Hitchcock went to work for an American film company which had opened a studio in Islington, London. His first job at the studio was writing captions (脚本) for silent movies. Within two years, he was writing scripts(剧本) and working as an assistant director. For the rest of the 1920s, Hitchcock worked on one film after another in Britain and Germany. Filming was often a rough-and-ready(匆忙做成的) affair and the assistant director was required to step in and plug gaps. A cameraman went missing, Hitchcock became a cameraman. A scene needed rewriting, Hitchcock rewrote it. Someone needed to be in charge of money when the film crew was on location, Hitchcock looked after the money. At the same time, this being the era of silent movies, Hitchcock was learning the language of cinema: telling a story-not through dialogue, but through visual images(视觉影象). This led to his success later. When he began to direct his own films, first in Britain and later in Hollywood, he was determined to make
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B:F

films that held the audience's attention and kept tension (紧张感) He succeeded. Hitchcock's ability to put . you on the edge of your seat makes him one of the greatest makers of suspense(悬念) movies. 1920,阿尔弗雷德·希区柯克(Alfred Hitchcock)还不到20岁, 在美国的一家电影公司工作。 这家电影公司在伦敦的Islington开了个制片厂。 他的第一份工作是为默片写脚本。 两年内, 他写剧本, 并且当副导演。 在20年代,他在英国和德国出品了一部又一部电影。电影经常是匆忙现做的,所以需要副导演再 来介入加入火花高潮等。 同时,这是默片时代。希区柯克学习电影语言---不是通过对话,而是通过视觉影像来讲故事。这 带来了他之后的成功。 当他开始在英国后来在好莱坞导演自己的电影时,他下定决心要让观众看时候感到紧张。他成功 了。希区柯克的电影能够让你紧张地坐在椅子的边边,这就是为什么他能成为悬疑电影大师的原因 1. Alfred Hitchcock's first job at the studio was writing captions for silent movies. 希区柯克在制片厂的第 一份工作是为默片写脚本 A:T B:F

2. According to the context, "step in and plug gaps" (in Line 3, Para. 2) means asking for one's help. "step in and plug gaps"是指寻求他人的帮助 A:T 柯克以后的成功做了准备 A:T B:F 4. He was determined to draw the audience's attention and keep tension in his film-making. 他下定决心要 抓住观众的注意力,在他的电影中保持一种紧张感。 A:T B:F 5. He had taken up different jobs before he succeeded. 在成功前,他做过不同的工作。 A:T KEY: ABBAA B:F B:F 3. Telling a story through dialogue prepared Hitchcock for his success later. 通过对话来讲故事,为希区

Passage 5 We are busy talking about and using the Internet, how many of us know the history of the Internet? but Many people are surprised when they find that the Internet was set up in the 1960s. At that time, computers were large and expensive. Computer network didn't work well. If one computer in the network broke down,then the whole network stopped. So a new network system had to be set up. It should be good enough to be used by many different computers. If part of the network was not working,information could be sent through another part. In this way computer network system would keep on working on the time. At first the Internet was only used by the government,but in the early 1970s,universities,hospitals and banks were allowed to use it too. However,computers were still very expensive and the Internet was difficult to use. By the start of the 1990s,computers became cheaper and easier to use. Scientists had also developed software that made "surfing‖ in the Internet more convenient. Today it is easy to get on-line and it is said that millions of people use the Internet every day. Sending e-mail is more and more popular among students. The Internet has now become one of the most important parts of people's life. 我们都在谈论和使用互联网,但是有多少人知道网络的历史。 很多人得知网络建立于20世纪60年代时,都很吃惊。那时候电脑很大,也很贵。网络常常断线,
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如果网络中的一台电脑坏了,那整个网络都得停了。所以必须建立一个新的网络,这个网络应该能 让很多台电脑使用,如果网络的一部分不能工作了,信息应该可以通过网络的另一部分传递出。通 过这种方式,电脑网络系统可以及时的工作 一开始,只有政府使用网络,但在20世纪70年代,大学,医院和银行也被许可运行网络。然而 电脑还是很昂贵,也不太好用,到90年代,电脑便宜了也好用了。科学家也开发了软件,使网上冲 浪更便利了。 今天很容易上网,据说每天有几百万的人在使用网络。 互联网现在是很多人生活中重要的一部分。 1. The Internet has a history of more than forty years 互联网有 40 多年的历史. A:T B:F 2. A new network system was set up to make computers cheaper. 建立了一个新的网络系统,是电脑更便 宜了 A:T B:F 3. At first the Internet was only used by the government. 一开始,互联网只有政府用 A:T B:F 4. Software made "surfing" the Internet more convenient. 软件让网上冲浪更便利。 A:T B:F 5. Today it's still not easy to get on-line. 今天还是不容易上网 A:T B:F KEY: ABAAB Passage 6 Three men traveling on a train began a conversation about the world's greatest wonders. "In my opinion," the first man said, "the Egyptian pyramids(埃及金字塔)are the world's greatest wonder. Although they were built thousands of years ago, they are still standing. And remember: the people who built them had only simple tools. They did not have the kind of machinery that builders and engineers have today." "I agree that the pyramids in Egypt are wonderful," the second man said, "but I do not think they are the greatest wonder. I believe computers are more wonderful than the pyramids. They have taken people to the moon and brought them back safely. In seconds,they carry out mathematical calculations that would take a person a hundred years to do." He turned to the third man and asked, "What do you think is the greatest wonder in the world?" The third man thought for a long time, then he said, "Well, agree that the pyramids are wonderful, and I and I agree that computers are wonderful, too. However, in my opinion, the most wonderful thing in the world is this thermos." And he took a thermos out of his bag and held it up. The other two men were very surprised. "A thermos?" they exclaimed. "But that's a simple thing." "Oh, no,it's not, "the third man said. "In the winter you put in a hot drink and it stays hot. In the summer you put in a cold drink and it stays cold. How does the thermos know whether it's winter or summer?" 三个人在谈论世界上伟大的奇观。其中的一个人认为修建于几千年前的金字塔是最让人叹服的 世界奇迹。其理由是:当时只有简单的原始工具,并没有我们现代化的设备和技艺精湛的工程师。 第二个人则认为电子计算机金字塔更为奇妙。因为在它们的控制下人类已经登上月球并安全返回, 并且计算机的运算速度实在惊人。第三个人的观点非常独特,他认为暖水瓶是最让人不可思议的发 明。其他两个对他的话感到十分诧异。问其原因时,那人却说:冬天,把热水倒进去,它就能保温; 夏天把冷饮倒进去时,它就能保持冰凉。它怎么知道是夏天还是冬天?”
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1. The underlined word "thermos" in Chinese means "保温瓶".有下划线的单词“thermos”在中文意思是 保温瓶。 A:T B:F 2. That the three men could not agree on what the world's greatest wonder was because they all had different ideas. 这三个人对什么是世界上最伟大的奇迹都有不同的想法。 A:T B:F 3. The first man thought the pyramids were the most wonderful things in the world because they had been built with very simple tools. 第一位男子认为金字塔是世界上最伟大的奇迹, 因为它们是用很简单的工 具建造的。 A:T B:F 4. The third man thought a thermos was the most wonderful thing in the world because it cost less than a computer. 第三个人认为热水瓶是世界上伟大的奇迹,因为它的成本比电脑少。 A:T B:F 5. The third man was not very clever because he could not think of anything to say.第三个人不够聪明,因 为他没什么好说的。 A:T B:F KEY: AAABB Passage 7 The workers who brought the girl to the orphanage (孤儿院) knew little about her. The streets where they found her had been her home for many years. Her parents were unknown. They left her long ago. At the orphanage, the girl, like all the children there, was taught to read and write. While she was studying at the orphanage,she learned something else-to be independent. At twenty-one,she left the orphanage and began work as a secretary. And then,in 1975, while she was still working as an ordinary secretary, something special happened. She entered the Miss Hong Kong competition and won it. This was the turning point in her life. Now her name,Mary Cheung,was known to everybody. Mary entered the competition because she wanted to show that orphanage girls could be something. Winning the competition gave her the chance to start a new life. This led her first into television and then into business as a manager. When she was working as a manager,she had trouble with her reports. "My English just wasn't good enough." she says. Luckily, had a boyfriend (who later became her husband) to she help her. Mary studied management at Hong Kong Polytechnic and graduated in 1980. She started her own business in 1985. But she did not stop developing herself. She then studied at the University of Hong Kong. Since 1987,she had spent a lot of time on photography. She has held several exhibitions of her work in many places-China, New Zealand and Paris. She still found time, however, to work on TV, write for newspapers and bring up her family. The girl from the street has come a long way, but her journey is not finished yet. 带她带孤儿院的工作人员对她知之甚少. 发现她的那条大街好多年就是她的家。 不知道她的父母 是谁。他们离开她很多年了。在孤儿院里,跟许多孩子一样,女孩也学读书写字,她还学会了独立。 21 岁的时候,她离开了孤儿院做了一名秘书。1975 年,当她做着普通的秘书工作的时候,发生一件 特别的事情,她参加了香港小姐竞选。 这是她人生的转折点。 她的名字叫陈玛丽,众人周知了。 玛丽之所以要参加选美,是因为她想让大家知道孤儿院的女孩也是很棒的。 赢得比赛,让她重 新开始一种生活。她开始涉足电视,然后经商当经理。 在做经理的时候,她在报道上有困难。 “我 的英语不够好‘她说。 不过幸运的时候,当时有男朋友帮忙,男朋友后来成了丈夫。

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玛丽在香港科技大学学习管理,1980 年毕业。 1985 开始创业。不过她一直在发展自身。 然后 她到香港大学学习。 1987 年后她开始花很多时间琢磨摄影。 她甚至在很多地方—中国,新西兰, 巴黎等地方展出了她的摄影作品。 她还能找出时间上电视,为报纸写稿,照顾家庭。 这个来自于大街的孤儿,经历了很多历程,不过还远没有停止。 1. Before Mary Cheung was brought to the orphanage,she had lived in the streets for many years. 在陈玛 丽被带到孤儿院之前,她已经在大街上住了很长时间 A:T B:F 2. The sentence "orphanage girls could be something" means that orphanage girls could be popular and successful. “孤儿院的女孩也是很棒的” 是指孤儿院的女孩可以受欢迎,可以很成功 A:T B:F 3. Her life changed in 1985. 她人生的改变来自于1985年。 A:T B:F 4. This passage is probably taken from a novel. 这篇文章可能来自于一篇小说 A:T B:F 5. Mary's boyfriend was good at English. 玛丽的男朋友英语很好 A:T B:F KEY: AABBA 阅读 2:2010 年版新大纲 9 套模拟题 18 篇阅读理解(必考一篇) ,出现在考试中阅读部分的第二篇,必 须掌握,原题出现,答案位置不变,15 分不可以丢失。 Passage 1 The French Revolution broke out in 1789. At the time France was in a crisis. The government was badly run and people’s lives were miserable. King Louis XIV tried to control the national parliament and raise more taxes. But his effort failed. He ordered his troops to Versailles. The people thought that Louis intended to put down the Revolution by force. On July 14, 1789, they stormed and took the Bastille, where political prisoners were kept. Ever since that day, July 14 has been the French National Day. Louis tried to flee the country in 1792 to get support from Austria and Prussia. However, he was caught and put in prison. In September 1792, the monarchy was abolished. In the same year, Louis was executed. A few months later his wife, Marie also had her head cut off. The Revolution of France had frightened the other kings of Europe. Armies from Austria and Prussia began to march against France. The French raised republican armies to defend the nation. The Revolution went through a period of terror. Thousands of people lost their lives. In the end, power passed to Napoleon Bonaparte. (190 words) 法国大革命于 1789 年爆发。当时法国正处在一片混乱中,政府腐败,人民生活凄惨。路易十六 世企图控制议会并增加赋税,但最后失败了。他命令军队进入凡尔赛。人民都认为他企图用武力镇 压革命。1789 年 7 月 14 日,人民群众爆发了,攻占了关押政治犯的巴士底狱。从那天以后,7 月 14 日就被定为法国的国庆日。1792 年,路易十六企图逃离法国,并从奥地利和普鲁士获得支持,但他 被捕了。1792 年王室被废除,路易十六被处以死刑。几个月后,他的妻子,玛丽也被处以死刑。法 国大革命令欧洲其它国家的国王感到害怕。奥地利和普鲁士的军队进入了法国。法国人民组织起了 共和军来保卫祖国,革命陷入了一个艰苦阶段。成千上万的人牺牲了。最后,权力落入了拿破仑﹒ 波拿巴手中。 6. What’s this passage about? 这篇文章主要讲了什么? A. France. B. King Louis. C. The French Revolution. 法国大革命 7. Which did not happen in 1789? 以下哪件事不是发生在 1789 年? A. The French Revolution broke out. B. The national economy was developing rapidly. 国家经济快速发展。

D. Europe.

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C. The government wasn’t well run. D. King Louis XIV was in power. 8. Where were the political prisoners kept? 那些政治犯被关押在哪里? A. In Versailles. B. In Austria. C. In Prussia. D. In Bastille. 巴士底狱 9. What does the underlined word ―abolished‖ mean? 划了下划线的 “abolished ” 这个词是什么意思? A. Put off. B. Established. C. United. D. Ended. 废除。 10. What was NOT the effect of the Revolution? 以下哪个不是法国大革命产生的效果? A. July 14 has become the French National Day. B. It brought some impact on the other European Kings. C. Louis’s wife, Marie was killed. D. The king tried to control the national parliament. 国王试图控制议会。

Passage 2 A foreigner’s first impression of the U.S. is likely to be that everyone is in a rush-often under pressure. City people appear always to be hurrying to get where they are going restlessly, seeking attention in a store, and elbowing others as they try to complete their errands (任务) Racing through daytime meals is part of . the pace of life in this country. 一个外国人对于美国的第一印象很有可能是每个人都在压力下匆匆忙忙。城市里的人总是表现 得匆匆忙忙不知疲倦的,为了尽快做完一件事情,他们会在店里拼命引起店员的注意或者用胳膊肘 推搡别人。白天匆忙就餐也是这个国家生活节奏的一个部分。 Working time is considered precious. Others in public eating places are waiting for you to finish so that they too can be served and get back to work within the time allowed. Each person hurries to make room for the next person. If you don’t, waiters will hurry you. 工作时间被认为是很珍贵的。在一些公共饮食场所,其他人会等在你旁边等你吃完,这样大家 都可以得到服务,并赶在规定的时间内回去工作。每个人都会尽快给下一个人腾出地方。如果你不 这样,侍者会催促你的。 You also find drivers will be abrupt and that people will push past you. You will miss smiles, brief conversations, and small courtesies with strangers. Don’t take it personally. This is because people value time highly, and they resent someone else ―wasting‖ it beyond a certain courtesy point. 你会发现司机也都很匆忙,人们从你身边匆匆走过。你会错过一些微笑,简短的交谈和一些与 陌生人的小礼节。不要在意,这是因为他们非常珍惜时间,而且他们认为一旦太注重这些社交礼节 就是浪费时间。 The view of time affects the importance we attach to patience. In the American system of values, patience is not a high priority. Many of us have what might be called ―a short fuse.‖ We begin to move restlessly about if we feel time is slipping away without some returnbe this in terms of pleasure, work value, or rest. Those coming from lands where time is looked upon differently may find this matter of pace to be one of their most difficult adjustments in both business and daily life. 对时间的观念还会影响到我们对耐心的理解。在美国价值体系中,耐心并不是首要考虑的。我 们中的很多人被称为“脾气火爆” 。如果我们觉得时间在毫无意义的溜走,既没有娱乐价值,工作价 值,也不在休息,那就会开始不停地徘徊。那些来自时间观念不同的国家的人发现他们在商业和日 常生活中最困难的就是对时间节奏的适应。 Many newcomers to the States will miss the opening courtesy of a business call, for example, they will miss the ritual socializing that goes with a welcoming cup of tea or coffee they may be traditional in their own country. They may miss leisurely business chats in a caféor coffeehouse. Normally, Americans do not assess their visitors in such relaxed surroundings over prolonged small talks. We seek out evidence of past performance rather than evaluate a business colleague through social courtesies. Since we generally assess and probe professionally rather than socially, we start talking business very quickly. (348 words)
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许多刚到美国来的人都会想念他们在商业会谈中一些开场礼节。举个例子,他们会想念欢迎你 到来而泡的一杯茶或咖啡这样的社交礼仪,这在他们国家是常规礼仪。他们会想念在咖啡屋悠闲的 会谈。而通常,美国人不会与来访者在这么悠闲的环境中进行一些冗长的小会谈。对于同事,我们 总是看他过去的表现而不是与他的社交礼仪。因为我们一般都是更注重专业性的,而不是社交性的, 因此我们总是很快进入正题。 11. Which of the following statements is wrong? __________ 以下哪项陈述是错误的? A. Americans seem to be always under pressure. B. Americans attach less importance to patience. C. Americans don’t care much about ritual socializing. D. Americans are impolite to their business colleagues. 美国人对他们的同事不礼貌。 12. In the fourth paragraph, ―a high priority‖ means _________.第四段中的“a high priority”是什 么意思? A. a less important thing B. a first concern 要首要考虑的。 C. a good business D. an attractive gift 13. Americans evaluate a business colleague __________.美国人评价他们的同事是根据__________。 A. through social courtesy B. through prolonged business talks C. by establishing business relations D. by learning about their past performance 他们过去的表现。 14. This passage mainly talks about __________. 本文主要讲了___________。 A. how Americans treasure their time 美国人是怎样珍惜时间的。 B. how busy Americans are every day C. how Americans do business with foreigners D. what American way of life is like 15. We can infer from the passage that the author’s tone in writing is ___________. 从本文我们可以看出作者写作的口吻是___________。 A. critical B. ironical C. appreciative 欣赏的。 D. objective Passage 3 Sixteen-year-old Maria was waiting in line at the airport in Santo Domingo. She was leaving her native country to join her sister in the United States. She spoke English very well. Though she was very happy she could go abroad, she was feeling sad at leaving her family and fiends. As she was thinking all about this, she suddenly heard the airline employee asking her to pick up her luggage and put it on the scales 称) Maria pulled and pulled. The bag was too heavy and she just couldn’t lift it up. The man behind ( . her got very impatient. He, too, was waiting to check in his luggage. Maria,十六岁,她正在圣多明各(多米尼加首都)的机场排队等候。她正要离开自己的祖国去 美国和她的姐姐团聚。她的英语讲得很好。虽然她要出国了觉得很高兴,但此时要离开她的家人和 朋友也很伤心。正在她想这些的时候,她突然听到机场的工作人员正在叫她把行李放到称上。Maria 拉了又拉,包太重,她根本抬不起来。她后面的男人很不耐烦了。他也是等着托运行李的。 ―What’s wrong with this girl?‖ He said, ―Why doesn’t she hurry up?‖ He moved forward and placed his bag on the counter, hoping to check in fist. He was in a hurry to get a good seat. “这女孩怎么了?”他说道, “她为什么不快点?”他走到前面,把包放在台上,希望能先登 记。他急着想要得到一个好的座位。 Maria was very angry, but she was very polite. And in her best English she said, ―Why are you so upset? There are enough seats for everyone on the plane. If you are in such a hurry, why can’t you give me a hand with my luggage?‖ Maria 很生气,但她很有礼貌。她用最优美的英语说, “你为什么如此不耐烦?飞机上的每个人 都有座位。如果你真的很急,为什么不能帮我搬一下行李?” The man was surprised to hear Maria speak English. He quickly picked up her luggage and stepped back. Everyone was looking at him with disapproval. (224 words)
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这男人听到 Maria 会讲英语觉得很惊讶。他很快拿起自己的行李退了回去。每个人都很不赞成得看 着他。 6. Maria’s story happened ________. Maria 的故事发生在什么时候? A. when she was leaving America B. on her way back to Santo Domingo C. before she left the USA D. when she arrived at the airport 她到达机场后。 7. You believer that the work of the airline employee mentioned in the story is to _______ at the airport. 你认为故事中提到的机场工作人员的工作是什么? A. help carry people’s luggage B. ask people to pick up the luggage C. check people’s luggage 检查旅客的行李D. take care of people’s luggage 8. ―Why are you so upset?‖ Maria said to the man. She wanted to tell him that he should not be _______. “为什么你如此不耐烦?”Maria 对那个男人说。她这么说是要告诉他不要不高兴。 A. surprised B. sad C. unhappy D. sorry 9. ―Everyone was looking at him with disapproval.‖ This sentence means that the people around felt _______. “每个人都很不赞成地看着他”这句话的意思是周围的人为这男人的行为感到很遗憾。 A. worried about Maria B. worried about the man C. sorry for Maria’s manners D. sorry for the man’s manners 10. The author mentioned Maria’s age at the beginning of the story in order to show that _________. 作者在故事的开头就提到 Maria 的年龄是为了表达什么? A. she was young but behaved properly 她很小,但行为很得体。 B. she would not have left home alone C. everyone around her was wrong D. it was not good that nobody offered to help her Passage 4 Britain and France are separated by the English Channel, a body of water that can be crossed in as few as 20 minutes. But the cultures of the two countries sometimes seem to be miles apart. 英国和法国被英吉利海峡阻隔,游泳穿越该海峡只要不到 20 分钟的时间。但这两个国家的文 化有时相差十万八千里。 Last Thursday Britain and France celebrated the 100th anniversary(周年纪念)of the signing of a friendship agreement called the Entente Cordiality. The agreement marked a new beginning for the countries following centuries of wars and love-hate partnership. 上星期四,英国和法国庆祝了《友好协议》签订 100 周年的纪念活动。该协议标志着两个国家 在经历了几个世纪的战争和爱恨交织的关系后的新篇章。 But their relationship has been ups and downs over the past century. Just last year, there were fierce disagreements over the Iraq war-which British Prime Minister Tony Blair supported despite French President Jacques Chirac speaking out against it. This discomfort is expressed in Blair and Chirac’s body language at international meetings. While the French leader often greets German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder with a hug(拥抱), Blair just receives a handshake. However, some political experts say the war in Iraq could in fact have helped ties. 但他们的关系在上个世纪也经历了几番起落。仅去年,对伊拉克战争问题进行了激烈的争论英国首相布莱尔支持而法国总统希拉克反对。国际会议中,这种别扭在布莱尔和希拉克的身体语言 中表现得很明显。当法国领导人频频与德国总理格哈特·施罗德拥抱时,布莱尔只得到了握手。然 而,有些政治专家说正是伊拉克战争促进了两国的关系。 The history of divisions may well be because of the very different ways in which the two sides see the world. But this doesn’t stop 12 million Britons taking holidays in France each year. However, only 3 million French come in the opposite direction. Surveys(调查)show that most French people feel closer to the
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Germans than they do to the British. And the research carried out in Britain has found that only a third of the population believes the French can be trusted. Perhaps this bad feeling comes because the British dislike France’s close relationship with Germany, or because the French are not happy with Britain’s close links with the US. 这种历来的分离也许是好的, 因为这两个国家对世界的看法完全不同。 但是这并没有阻隔 1200 万的英国人每年到法国度假。而法国仅有 300 万的人民去英国度假。调查显示大多数法国人对德国 人比对英国人亲切。并且在英国进行的调查显示仅有 1/3 的英国人信任法国人。也许这种坏的感觉 是因为英国人不喜欢法国跟德国的亲密关系,或者因为法国对英国和美国的亲密关系感到不悦。 Whatever the answer is, as both sides celebrate 100 years of ―doubtful friendship‖, they are at least able to make jokes about each other. Here’s one: What’s the best thing about Britain’s relationship with France? The English Channel. (320 words) 不论答案是什么,双方能在一起庆祝这种“不确定的友好关系”100 周年,至少证明他们会相 互开玩笑了。其中一条就是:英国与法国的关系的最好见证是什么?是英吉利海峡。 11. For centuries, the relationship between Britain and France is ____________. 几世纪以来,英国与法国的关系是一种的爱恨交织的关系。 A. friendly B. impolite C. brotherly D. a mixture of love and hate 12. The war in Iraq does ____________ to the relationship between France and Britain. 伊拉克战争对英国和法国的关系起到既好又坏的作用。 A. good B. harm C. neither good nor harm D. both good and harm 13. The British are not so friendly to ____________ and the French are not so friendly to ____________. 英国对德国不是那么友好,法国对美国也不是那么友好。 A. Germany; America B. America; Germany C. Germany; Germany D. America; America 14. ____________ are more interested in having holidays in ____________. 英国人更喜欢到法国 度假。 A. American people?Britain B. British people ? Germany C. French people ? Britain D. British people ? France 15. What does the last sentence mean? 文章的最后一句的意思是什么? A. As long as the English Channel exists, no further disagreement will form between France and Britain. B. The English Channel can prevent anything unfriendly happening in both France and Britain. C. France and Britain are near neighbors, and this will help balance the relationship between them. 法国和英国是一衣带水的邻邦,这会帮助两国平衡他们之间的关系。 D. The English Channel is the largest enemy between France and Britain. Passage 5 Community service is an important component of education here at our university. We encourage all students to volunteer for at least one community activity before they graduate. A new community program called ―One On One‖ helps elementary students who’ve fallen behind. Your education majors might be especially interested in it because it offers the opportunity to do some teaching, that is, tutoring in math and English. 社区服务是我们大学教育的一个重要的部分。我们鼓励所有的学生在毕业前至少从事一项社区活动。 一项新的叫做“一对一”的社区计划是用于帮助那些落后的小学生的。读教育专业的学生也许对这 项计划尤其感兴趣,因为它为你提供了教学(教数学和英语)的机会。 You’d have to volunteer two hours a week for one semester. You can choose to help a child with math, English, or both. Half-hour lessons are fine, so you could do a half hour of each subject two days a week. 你在一个学期内每周得自愿工作两小时。你可以选择教小孩数学,英语,或两者都教。一节课半小
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时比较好,因此你可以每周教两天,每次每门课半小时。 Professor Dodge will act as a mentor to the tutors — he’ll be available to help you with lesson plans or to offer suggestions for activities. He has office hours every Tuesday and Thursday afternoon. You can sign up for the program with him and begin the tutoring next week. 道奇教授将担任这些家庭教师的顾问。他会帮你制订教学计划或提供活动的建议。他的办公时间是 每周二和周四下午。你可以在他那签约参与这个计划并于下周开始工作。 I’m sure you’ll enjoy this community service ? and you’ll gain valuable experience at the same time. It looks good on your resume, too, showing that you’ve had experience with children and that you care about your community. If you’d like to sign up, or if you have any questions, stop by Professor Dodge’s office this week. (220 words) 我确信你会喜欢这项社区服务,同时你也能获得宝贵的经验。能在你的简历上表明你有教孩子的经 验而且你能关心你的社区,应该是很不错的一件事。如果你愿意签约或如果你有任何问题,于本周 前往道奇教授的办公室。 6. What is the purpose of the talk? ____________ 这段话的目的是什么? A. To explain a new requirement for graduation. B. To interest students in a new community program. 是为了使学生们对一项新的社区计划感兴趣。 C. To discuss the problems of elementary school students. D. To recruit elementary school teachers for a special program. 7. What is the purpose of the program that the speaker describes? ____________ 讲话人所说的这项计划的目的是什么? A. To find jobs for graduating students. B. To help education majors prepare for final exams. C. To offer tutorials to elementary school students. 为小学生提供家教服务。 D. To provide funding for a community service project. 8. What does Professor Dodge do? ____________道奇教授是干什么的? A. He advises students to participate in certain program. 他为学生参加某项计划提供建议。 B. He teaches part-time in an elementary school. C. He observes elementary school students in the classroom. D. He helps students prepare their resumes. 9. What should students who are interested in the tutorials do? ____________ 对家教有兴趣的学生应该怎么做? A. Contact the elementary school. B. Sign up for a special class. C. Submit a resume to the dean. D. Talk to Professor Dodge. 和道奇教授谈谈。 10. Whom do you think the speaker addresses? ____________ 你认为说话者是在对谁说这些话的。 学生。 A. Faculty. B. Students. C. Residents D. Graduated students. Passage 6 Paper is one of the most important products ever invented by man. Wide spread use of written language would not have been possible without some cheap and practical material to write on. The invention of paper meant that more people could be educated because more books could be printed and distributed. Together with the printing press, paper provided an extremely important way to communicate knowledge. 纸是人类发明的最重要的产品之一。没有一些便宜而又实用的材料来写的话,书面语也不可能 广泛传播。纸的发明意味着更多的人可以接受教育,因为更多的书可以印出来并分发出去。纸和印
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刷一起为知识的交流提供了极其重要的途径。 How much paper do you use every year? Probably you cannot answer that question quickly. In 1990 the world’s use of paper was about one kilogram for each person a year. Now some countries use as much as 50 kilograms of paper for each person a year. Countries like the United States, England and Sweden use more paper than other countries. 我们每年用多少纸呢?也许你无法很快回答出这个问题。在 1900 年,全世界的用纸量是每年 人均一公斤左右。现在有些国家的用量达到每年人均 50 公斤。像美国,英国和瑞典这样的国家的用 量远超其他各国。 Paper, like many other things that we use today, was first made in China. In Egypt and the West, paper was not very commonly used before the year 1400. The Egyptians wrote on a kind of material made of a water plant. Europeans used parchment for many hundreds of year. Parchment was very strong; it was made from the skin of certain young animals. We have learnt of the most important facts of European history from records that were kept on parchment. (208words) 像许多其他我们用的东西一样,纸最早发明于中国。在埃及和西方,十五世纪前纸并没 有广泛使用。埃及人写字写在一种水生植物做成的材料上。欧洲人用羊皮纸用了好几百年。羊皮纸 很牢固,它是用某些幼年动物的皮做成的。从羊皮纸上保存的记录中我们了解到关于欧洲历史的最 重要的事情。 11. What’s the meaning for the word ―parchment‖? ____________“parchment”的意思是什么? A. The skin of young animals. B. A kind of paper made from the skin of certain young animals. 一种用某些幼年动物的皮做成的纸。 C. The paper used by European countries. D. The paper of Egypt. 12. Which of the following is not mentioned about the invention of paper? ____________ 关于纸的发明下面哪项没有被提到? A. More jobs could be provided than before. 工作机会比以前更多了。 B. More people could be educated than before. C. More books could be printed and distributed. D. More ways could be used to exchange knowledge. 13. When did the Egyptians begin to use paper widely? ____________ 埃及人什么时候开始广泛地使用纸? 大约在 1400 年。 A. Around 1400. B. Around 1900. C. Around 400. D. Around 900. 14. Which of the following countries uses more paper for each person a year? ____________ 以下哪个国家每年人均用纸量更大?瑞典。 A. China B. Sweden C. Egypt D. Japan 15. What is the main idea of this short talk? ____________ 这篇文章的主要内容是什么? A. More and more paper is being consumed nowadays. B. Paper enables people to receive education more easily. C. The invention of paper is of great significance to man. 纸的发明对人类非常重要。 D. Paper contributes a lot to the keeping of historical records. Passage7 Laws have been written to govern the use of American National Flag, and to ensure proper respect for the flag. Custom has also governed the common practice in regard to its use. All the armed services have precise regulations on how to display the national flag. This may vary somewhat from the general rules. The national flag should be raised and lowered by hand. Do not raise the flag while it is folded. Unfolded the flag first, and then hoist it quickly to the top of the flagpole. Lower it slowly and with dignity. Place no objects on or over the flag. Do not use the flag as part of a costume or athletic uniform. Do not print it upon
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cushions, handkerchief, paper napkins or boxes. A federal law provides that the trademark cannot be registered if it comprises the flag, or badgers of the US. When the flag is used to unveil a statue or monument, it shouldn’t serve as a covering of the object to be unveiled. If it is displayed on such occasions, do not allow the flag to the ground, but let it be carried high up in the air to form a feature of the ceremony. Take every precaution to prevent the flag from soiled. It should not be allowed to touch the ground or floor, nor to brush against objects. 已经制定了法律来规定美国国旗的使用,并确保对国旗应有的尊敬。关于国旗的使用也早已有了 惯例。全军就国旗的展开方法有明确的规定,这与常规有点不同。国旗的升降应由手工完成。国旗 未展开时不能升起。应先使它展开,然后快速把它升至旗杆顶部。缓慢、庄严地降下。旗上不可以 放东西。不要把国旗镶嵌在衣服或运动装上,也不要把国旗印在垫子、手帕、纸巾或盒子上。联邦 法律规定如果某个商标含有美国国旗或国徽,这个商标就不能被注册。当国旗被用来为雕像或纪念 碑揭幕时,不可以盖在被揭幕物上。如果国旗被用在这种场合,则不能让它掉到地上而应悬在空中 作为这个仪式的象征。特别注意不要玷污国旗,不允许触到地面或擦着物体。 6. How do Americans ensure proper respect for the national flag? 美国人是如何确保对国旗应有的尊敬的? A. By making laws. 通过制定法律。 B. By enforcing discipline. C. By educating the public. D. By holding ceremonies. 7. What is the regulation regarding the raising of the American National Flag? 升美国国旗有何规定? A. It should be raised by soldiers. B. It should be raised quickly by hand. 应该快速用手升起 C. It should be raised only by Americans. D. It should be raised by mechanical means. 8. How should the American National Flag be displayed at an unveiling ceremony? 揭幕仪式上应该如何使用国旗? A. It should be attached to the status. B. It should be hung from the top of the monument. C. It should be spread over the object to be unveiled. D. It should be carried high up in the air. 应该悬挂在空中 9. What do we learn about the use of the American National Flag? 对于美国国旗的使用我们知道了什么? A. There has been a lot of controversy over the use of flag. B. The best athletes can wear uniforms with the design of the flag. C. There are precise regulations and customs to be followed. 要严格遵守规定和习惯。 D. Americans can print the flag on their cushions or handkerchiefs. 10. What is Americans’ attitude towards their National Flag? 美国人对于自己的国旗是什么态度? A. Arbitrary . B. Respect. 尊敬 C. Happy. D. Brave. Passage 8 It has been reported that in colleges across the United States, the daytime serial drama known as the soap opera has suddenly become ―in‖. Between the hours of 11 a. m. and 4:30 p. m., college television lounges are filled with soap opera fans who can’t wait to see the next episode in the lives of their favorite characters. 据报道,在美国大学里,被称为肥皂剧的日间系列剧突然“火”了起来。上午 11 点至下午 4: 30,大学电视观看室里挤满了肥皂剧迷,他们急着想看自己所崇拜的偶像的下一集生活剧。 Actually, soaps are more than a college favorite; they’re a youth favorite. When school is out, high-school students are in front of their TV sets. One young working woman admitted that she turned down a higher paying job rather than give up watching her favorite serials. During the 1960’s, it was uncommon for young people to watch soap operas. The mood of the sixties was very different from now. It was a time of seriousness, and talk was about social issues of great importance. 其实,肥皂剧不仅仅是大学生最喜爱的节目,也是年轻人最喜爱的。放学后,中学生都挤在电
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视机前观看节目。有一个年轻的职业妇女坦诚说起曾经拒绝了一份薪水不错的工作而不愿放弃观看 最喜爱的系列剧。20 世纪 60 年代年轻人很少看肥皂剧。那时的情况与现在很不相同。那是很严肃的 时期,人们所谈的都是关于很重要的社会大事。 Now, seriousness has been replaced by fun. Young people want to be happy. It may seem strange that they should turn to soap opera, which is known for showing trouble in people’s lives. But soap opera is enjoyment. Young people can identify with the soap opera character, who, like the college-age viewer, is looking for happy love, and probably not finding it. And soap opera gives young people a chance to feel close to people without having to bear any responsibility for their problems. 现在,严肃已被娱乐取代。年轻人想寻找快乐。如果他们想看表现生活烦恼的肥皂剧就会显得 很奇怪。但肥皂剧是令人快乐的。年轻人可以模仿肥皂剧里的人物,这些人物像大学生观众一样, 在寻找快乐的爱情,也许还没找到。肥皂剧给年轻人一个贴近人们的机会但对于他们的问题却不必 承担责任。 11. What is soap opera? 什么是肥皂剧? A. Plays based on science fiction stories. B. Plays based on non-fiction stories. C. The daytime serial dramas on TV. 白天的电视系列剧。 D. Popular documentary films on TV. 12. What can be the best title of the passage? 这篇文章的最佳题目是什么? A. College student viewers. B. Favorite TV serials. C. Soap opera fans. 肥皂剧迷 D. College-age viewers. 13. Which is NOT the reason why the soap opera has suddenly become ―in‖ among American young people? 根据这篇文章,哪一项不是肥皂剧突然火起来的原因? A. Because the viewers want to be happy and to enjoy themselves. B. Because the soap opera makes young people feel close to their people. C. Because the viewers can find themselves in the soap opera characters. D. Because the young people have to bear the responsibilities for their troubles. 因为年轻人得承担问题的责任。 14. What can we learn from the passage? 这篇文章让我们知道了什么? A. College students like soap operas more than any other social groups. B. Young people of sixties like soap operas more than people today. C. Young viewers have turned themselves from the seriousness of sixties to enjoyment now. 年轻人已经使自己从 60 年代人的严肃转向了现在的快乐。 D. The young as a whole are trying to look for happy love but in vain. 15. What message does the author want to convey to us? 作者想向我们表达什么信息? A. The people’s favorites to drama works have been changed for a long time. B. The people’s favorites to drama works change along with the times. 人们对戏剧作品的喜爱随着时间而改变 C. The people’s favorites to drama works is changed by the soap opera. D. The people’s favorites have changed the drama works. Passage 9 Many people who work in London prefer to live outside it, and to go in to their offices or schools every day by train, car or bus, even though this means they have to get up early in the morning and reach home late in the evening. 很多在伦敦工作的人喜欢住在伦敦郊外,然后每天乘火车、汽车和公交车去上班或上学。这也就 意味着他们不得不早出晚归。
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One advantage of living outside London is that houses are cheaper. Even a small flat in London without a garden costs quite a lot to rent. With the same money, one can get a little house in the country with a garden of one’s own. 住在伦敦郊外的一个好处就是房子便宜。在伦敦即使是没有花园的小公寓也需要一笔不菲的租金, 用同样的钱,你可以在郊区买一个带花园的小房子了。 Then, in the country one can really get away from the noise and hurry of busy working lives. Even though one has to get up earlier and spend more time in trains or buses, one can sleep better at night and during weekends and on summer evenings, one can enjoy the fresh, clean air of the country. If one likes gardens, one can spend one’s free time digging, planting, watering and doing the hundred and one other jobs which are needed in a garden. Then, when the flowers and vegetables come up, one has got the reward together with those who have shared the secret of Nature. 然后,他在乡村就可以远离喧嚣和忙碌的工作生活。即使他不得不起得更早,花更多的时间乘火车 或公交车,但他晚上可以睡得更好。在周末和夏季的夜晚,他可以享受乡村清新干净的空气。要是 他喜欢花园,在花园里干一些想挖土、种植、浇水等许多园艺的活,那么当鲜花和蔬菜生长起来的 时候,他就与其他分享大自然秘密的人们一样得到奖赏。 Some people, however, take no interest in country things: for them, happiness lies in the town, with its cinemas and theatres, beautiful shops and busy streets, dance-halls and restaurants. Such people would feel that their life was not worth living if they had to live it outside London. An occasional walk in one of the parks and a fortnight’s (two weeks) visit to the sea every summer is all the country they want: the rest they are quite prepared to leave to those who are glad to get away from London every night. 然而有些人对乡村并不感兴趣。对他们来说,幸福就在市区里,那里有电影院、剧院、漂亮的商店、 繁忙的街道、舞厅和饭店。如果不得不住在伦敦郊外的话,这些人就觉得生活没意义了。 (对于那些 热爱都市生活的人来说)他们所需要的乡村生活,就是偶尔去公园散步,每个夏天去海边过上两个 星期,其他跟乡村有关的东西,让那些每天晚上都急于离开伦敦的人们(住在郊外的人们)去享受 吧。 6. Which of the following statements is NOT true? 下列哪个陈述是不对的? A. People who love Nature prefer to live outside the city. B. All the people who work in London prefer to live in the country. 所有在伦敦工作的人都喜欢住在伦敦市郊 C. Some people enjoying city life prefer to work and live inside London. D. Many nature lovers, though working in London, prefer to live outside the city. 7. With the same money needed for _______, one can buy a little house with a garden in the country. 用同样的钱_______,他可以在乡村买到一套有花园的小房子。 A. getting a small flat with a garden B. having a small flat with a garden C. renting a small flat without a garden 租一套没有花园的小公寓 D. buying a small flat without a garden 8. When the garden is in blossom, the one _______ has been rewarded. 当花园里开满鲜花的时候,那个_______的人就得到了奖赏。 A. living in the country B. having spent time working in the garden 花时间在花园里工作 C. having a garden of his own D. having been digging, planting and watering 9. People who think happiness lies in the city life would feel that _______ if they had to live outside London. 那些认为幸福就在城市里人会感到_______如果他们不得不住在郊外。 A. their life was meaningless 他们的生活毫无意义 B. their life was invaluable C. they didn’t deserve a happy life D. they were not worthy of their happy life 10. The underlined phrase get away from in the 3rd paragraph refers to _______. 在第 3 段中,划线的词组 get away from 指_______。 A. deal with B. do away with
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C. escape from

逃脱某个地方

D. prevent from

Passage 10 By definition, heroes and heroines are men and women distinguished by uncommon courage, achievements, and self-sacrifice made most for the benefits of others-they are people against whom we measure others. They are men and women recognized for shaping our nation’s consciousness and development as well as the lives of those who admire them. Yet, some people say that ours is an age where true heroes and heroines are hard to come by, where the very idea of heroism is something beyond us – an artifact of the past. Some maintain, that because the Cold War is over and because America is at peace, our age is essentially an unheroic one. Furthermore, the overall crime rate is down, poverty has been eased by a strong and growing economy, and advances continue to be made in medical science. 就定义而言,英雄之所以与众不同是因为他们有非凡的勇气、取得了卓著的成就、常常为他人的利 益而做出牺牲——他们是我们评价别人的标准。他们是大家公认的对我们国家意识的形成和我们国 家的发展,还有对他们的崇拜者的一生起了重大作用的人。可是,有人说,我们的时代是很难出现 真正英雄的时代,英雄主义这一概念本身我们就难以理解——它已经成为历史。有些人坚持说,由 于冷战的结束和美国对外的和睦,我们的时代本质上不是一个英勇豪壮的时代。更进一步地说,总 体犯罪率正在降低,经济的发展与增长已经缓解了贫困,医疗科学也在不断的进步。 Cultural icons are hard to define, but we know them when we see them. They are people who manage to go beyond celebrity (明星) who are legendary, who somehow manage to become mythic. But what makes , some figures icons and others mere celebrities? That’s hard to answer. In part, their lives have the quality of a story to tell. For instance, the beautiful young Diana Spencer who at 19 married a prince, renounced marriage and the throne, and died at the moment she found true love. Good looks certainly help. So does a special indefinable charm, with the help of the media. But nothing confirms an icon more than a tragic death – such as Martin Luther King, Jr., John F. Kennedy, and Princess Diana. 给文化偶像下定义就更难了, 但是我们看到他们就认识了他们。 他们超越了名流, 成为传奇式人物, 甚至在某种程度上已是神话式的人物。但究竟是哪些因素使有些人成为偶像,另一些人仅成了名流 呢?这就太难说了。部分原因是他们的生平带有传奇故事的色彩。比如说,年轻貌美的戴安娜·史 宾塞,19 岁时嫁给了王子,放弃了婚姻与王权,却在找到真爱的那一刻死去了。漂亮的长相当然有 用,另外,在媒体的炒作下某种难以描述的、特殊的个人魅力也起作用。然而悲剧性地过早离开这 个世界,却是造成偶像最重要的因素——例如:小马丁·路德·金、约翰·F·肯尼迪和戴安娜王妃。 11. The passage mainly deals with _______.这段主要讲述_______ A. life and death B. heroes and heroines C. heroes and icons 英雄与偶像 D. icons and celebrities 12. Heroes and heroines are usually _______. 英雄通常是_______ A. courageous B. good example to follow C. self-sacrificing D. all of the above 以上三个都是 13. Which of the following statements is wrong? 下列哪个陈述是错误的? A. Poverty in America has been eased with the economic growth. B. Superstars are famous for being famous. C. One’s look can contribute to being famous. D. Heroes and heroines can only emerge in war times. 英雄只能出现在战争时代。 14. Beautiful young Diana Spencer found her genuine love _______. 年轻貌美的戴安娜·史宾塞找到了她的真爱_______. A. when she was 19 B. when she became a princess C. just before her death 刚好在她死之前 D. after she gave birth to a prince 15. What is more likely to set an icon’s status? 有什么更能说明偶像的地位? A. Good looks. B. Tragic and early death. 悲剧和英年早逝
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C. Personal attraction.

D. The quality of one’s story.

Passage 11 Places to stay in Britain are as varied as the places you visit. Whatever your budget is the choice — from basic barn to small hotel, from tiny cottage to grand castle — is all part of fun. 在英国,可住宿的地方就如可参观的地方那么多。不论你的预算是多少,任何一种选择都是快乐的 一部分――从谷仓到小旅馆,从小农舍到大城堡。 Hostels 旅社 Cheap, good-value hostels are aimed at all types of like-minded travelers, who prefer value over luxury and you don’t have to be young or single to use them. Britain’s independent hostels and backpackers hostels also offer a great welcome. Facilities and prices vary, especially in rural areas, where some hostels are a little more than a bunkhouse(临时住房)while others are remarkably comfortable — almost like bargain hotels. 廉价、超值的旅社定位在形形色色的趣味相投的重精神超过物质的这类游客群体,而且旅社没有规 定游客必须是年轻人或者是单身汉。英国对自助旅行者和背包旅行者也十分欢迎。设施和价格也各 不相同,特别是在乡村,有些旅社只比临时住房好一点点,而有些特别舒适-----就像物美价廉的旅 馆一样。 Youth Hotels 青年旅馆 Founded many years ago to ―help all, especially young people of limited means, to a greater knowledge, love and care of the countryside‖, the Youth Hotels Association is still going strong in the 21st century. The network of 230 hotels is a perfect gateway for exploring Britain’s towns and countryside. (这种旅社的形式)很多年前就形成了,为了“帮助所有的,特别是资金有限的年轻人,深入了解、 喜爱、关心农村。 ”青年旅行社组织在21世纪依然盛行。230家的旅社网络是探索英国小镇和农 村的最佳门户。 B&Bs 床位和早餐 The B&Bs (bed and breakfasts) is a great British institution. In essence you get a room in somebody’s house, and small B&Bs may only have one guest room, so you’ll really feel like part of the family. Larger B&Bs may have four or five rooms and more facilities, but just as warm as a welcome. 床位与早餐是英国的伟大创举。实际上就是某家的住户为你提供一个房间,小的 B& Bs 只有一间客 房,所以你会觉得自己是这户人家的一份子。大一些的 B& Bs 可能有4、5个房间和更多是设施, 但一样的热情款待。 In country areas your B&Bs might be in a village or an isolated farm surrounded by fields. Prices reflect facilities: and usually run from around £12 to £ 20 per person. City B&Bs charge about £25 to £ 30 per person, although they’re often cheaper as you go further out to the suburbs. 在农村,B & B 可能在一个村庄或者四周都是田地的独立的农场里。价格反映了房间的设施:通常每 人在12到20英镑左右。城市的 B & Bs 价格在每人25到30英镑左右,尽管越到郊区价格越便 宜。 Pubs & Inns 酒吧和客栈 As well as selling drinks and meals, Britain’s pubs and inns sometimes offer B&Bs, particularly in country areas. Staying a night or two can be great fun and puts you at the heart of local community. 除了卖酒和饭菜外,英国的酒吧和客栈有时也提供床位和早餐,特别在农村地区。在那里住一两个 晚上会十分有趣,并且可以让你处在当地社区的中心。 Rates range from around £15 to £ 25 per person. Pubs are more likely to have single rooms. 价格在每人15到25英镑左右。酒吧更有可能拥有单人房。 6. In this passage the author mainly _______. 这篇文章作者的意图主要是什么? A. tells us where to stay while visiting Britain 告诉我们到英国旅游可以住在哪里 B. advises readers to pay a visit to Britain
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C. introduces the wonderful public services in Britain D. gives us some information about British life 7. _______ are mainly built for young visitors. _______主要是为年轻人建的。 A. Pubs & Inns B. Youth Hotels 青年旅社 C. Hostels D. B&Bs 8. If you travel alone and want to know better family life in Britain, you’d better stay in _______. 如果你独自一个人旅游并且想更好地了解英国的居民生活,你可以住在 B & Bs A. Pubs & Inns B. Youth Hotels C. Hostels D. B&Bs 9. If you are interested in traveling with your friends but only with limited means, where is the better place for you to stay? 如果你喜欢和朋友一起旅行但资金有限,哪里是最佳住宿地点呢? A. Pubs & Inns B. Youth Hotels C. Hostels 旅社 D. B&Bs 10. Which of the following is NOT true according to the last part of the passage? 根据文章的最后一段,以下哪句是错误的? A. Pubs and inns usually provide visitors bed and breakfast. B. All pubs and inns offer visitors bed and breakfast. 所有的酒吧和客栈都为旅客提供床位和早餐。 C. Pubs and inns charge a visitor £ 25 at the most. D. If you want a single room, you are more likely to get one in pubs. Passage 12 What makes a person a scientist? Does he have ways or tools of learning that are different from those of others? The answer is ―no‖. It is not the tools a scientist uses but how he uses these tools that make him a scientist. You will probably agree that knowing how to use a power is important to a carpenter. You will probably agree, too, that knowing how to investigate, how to discover information, is important to everyone. The scientist, however, goes one step further, he must be sure that he has a reasonable answer to his questions and that his answer can be confirmed by other persons. He also works to fit the answer he gets to many questions into a large set of ideas about how the world works. 是什么使一个普通人成为科学家?他有与从不同的学习方法和工具吗?答案是否定的。 不是因为科 学家使用的工具,而是因为他使用工具的方法使他成为科学家。你也许认同怎么用力对一名木匠来 说很重要。你也许也认同怎么研究调查,发现信息对每个人来说都很重要。然而,科学家比这更进 一步,他必须确定他对自己的问题得出了一个合理的答案,并且他的答案通过别人也可以得到证实。 他同时把自己得出的许多答案归结为一个系统的关于世界如何运作的观点。 The scientist’s knowledge must be exact. There is no room for half right or right just half the time. He must be as nearly right as the conditions permit. What works under one set of conditions at one time must work under the same conditions at other times. If the conditions are different, any changes the scientist observes in a demonstration must be explained by the changes in the conditions. This is one reason that investigations are important in science. Albert Einstein, who developed the theory of relativity, arrived at this theory through mathematics. The accuracy of this mathematics was later tested through investigations, Einstein’s ideas were shown to be correct. A scientist uses many tools for measurements. Then the measurements are used to make mathematical calculations that may test his investigations. 科学家的知识必须很确切。不能给半错半对或者只有一半机会对的情况留任何空间。他必须在条件 允许的情况下尽可能正确。在一种条件下成功一次的话必须在同样的条件下都能成功。如果条件不 同,科学家在证明过程中观察到的任何变化都必须解释他的条件是如何变化的。这是关于调查研究 在科学研究中十分重要的其中一个理由。爱因斯坦通过数学方法提出了相对论。他的数学运用的正 确性被后人通过调查研究的方法证实该理论是正确的。一个科学家会用很多工具来测量。测量的结 果用来进行数学计算,再进行调查研究的测试。 11. What makes a scientist according to the passage? 根据这篇文章的观点科学家是如何来的? A. The tools he uses. B. The way he uses his tools. 他使用工具的方法
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C. His way of learning. D. The various tools he uses. 12. ―The scientist, however, goes one step further…‖. The author says this to show _______. “然而,科学家比这更进一步??”作者这么说是为了说明什么? A. the importance of information B. the importance of thinking C. the difference between scientists and ordinary people 科学家与普通人的区别 D. the difference between carpenters and people with other jobs 13. A sound scientific theory should be one that _______.一项伟大的科学理论应该是怎么样的? A. works not only under one set of conditions at one time, but also under the same conditions at other times 不仅只在一种条件下一次可行,而是要在同样的条件下一直可行。 B. does not allow any changes even under different conditions C. can be used for many purposes D. leave no room for improvement 14. The author quotes the case of Albert Einstein to illustrate _______.作者引用爱因斯坦的例子是为了证 明什么? A. that measurements are keys to success in science B. that accuracy of mathematics C. that the investigations are important in science 调查研究在科学领域十分重要。 D. that the mathematical calculations may test his investigations 15. What is the main idea of the passage? 这篇文章的中心意思是什么? A. The theory of relativity. B. Exactness is the core of science. C. Scientists are different from ordinary people. D. Exactness and ways of using tools are the keys to the making of a scientist. 确切性和使用工具的方法是成为科学家的重要因素。 Passage 13 In the United States, it is not customary to telephone someone very early in the morning. If you telephone him early in the day, while he is shaving or having breakfast, the time of the call shows that the matter is very important and requires immediate attention. The same meaning is attached to telephone calls made after 11:00 p.m. If someone receives a call during sleeping hours, he assumes it’s a matter of life or death. The time chosen for the call communicates its importance. In social life, time plays a very important part. In the U.S.A. guests tend to feel they are not highly regarded if the invitation to a dinner party is extended only three or four days before the party date. But it is not true in all countries. In other areas of the world, it may be considered foolish to make an appointment too far in advance because plans which are made for a date more than a week away tend to be forgotten. The meaning of time differs in different parts of the world. Thus, misunderstandings arise between people from different cultures that treat time differently. Promptness is valued highly in American life, for example. If people are not prompt, they may be regarded as impolite or not fully responsible. In the U.S. no one would think of keeping a business associate waiting for an hour, it would be too impolite. A person who is 5 minutes late, will say a few words of explanation, though perhaps he will not complete the sentence. (260 words) 在美国,一般不习惯每天很早打电话给某个人。如果你很早打电话给他,在他刮胡子或吃早饭 的时候,那就说明这件事情非常重要,需要立刻处理。晚上十一点以后打电话也是同样的意思。如 果一个人在睡觉的时候接到电话,那他肯定觉得这是一件事关生死的大事。打电话的时间也显示事 情的重要程度。在社会生活中,时间是一个非常重要的角色。在美国,如果在宴会三四天前才受到 邀请,那受邀者就会认为自己不是很受重视。但并不是在所有的国家都如此。在世界上的其它地方, 提前很多时候做约定被认为是很愚蠢的,因为约好一个星期以后的事情很容易忘记。所以时间的意 义在不同的地方是不一样的。因此,来自不同文化背景的人之间就会产生误会。举个例子,准时在
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美国社会是受到高度认可的。如果某些人不准时,就会被认为不礼貌或不够负责任。在美国,没有 一个人会把一次商务活动和等待一小时联系起来,这太不礼貌了。一个人如果迟到五分钟,就要做 出解释,也许这还不够。 6. What is the main idea of this passage? __________ 以下哪项表达了本文的中心思想? A. It is not customary to telephone someone in the morning and in sleeping hours in the U.S. B. The role of time in social life over the world. 世界各地时间在社会生活中扮演的角色。 C. If people are not prompt, they may be regarded as impolite or not fully responsible in the U.S. D. Not every country treats the concept of time as the same. 7. What does it mean in the passage if you call someone during his or her sleeping hours? __________ 根据本文,如果你在某人睡觉时间打电话给他,意味着什么? A. A matter of work. B. A matter of life or death. 这是一件事关生死的大事 C. You want to see him or her. D. You want to make an appointment with him or her. 8. Which of the following time is proper if you want to make an appointment with your friend? __________ 如果你想约你的朋友,以下哪个时间是比较恰当的? A. at 7: 00 am. B. at 4:00 pm. 下午 4 点 C. at the midnight. D. at 4:00 am. 9. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? __________ 根据本文,以下哪项陈述是正确的? A. In the U.S.A guests tend to feel they are highly regarded if the invitation to a dinner party is extended only three or four days before the party date. B. There is no misunderstanding arising between people from different cultures about the concept of time. C. It may be considered foolish to make an appointment well in advance in the U.S.A.. D. Promptness is valued highly in American life. 准时在美国社会是受到高度认可的。 10. From the passage we can safely infer that __________. 从本文我们可以得出: A. it’s a matter of life or death if you call someone in day time B. the meaning of time differs in different parts of the world 世界各地的时间观念是不同的。 C. it makes no difference in the U.S. whether you are early or late for a business party D. if a person is late for a date, he needn’t make some explanation Passage 14 There are three kinds of goals: short-term, medium-range and long-term goals. 目标有三种:短期目标,中期目标和长期目标。 Short-term goals are those that usually deal with current activities, which we can apply on a daily basis. Such goals can be achieved in a week or less, or two weeks, or possibly, months. It should be remembered that just as a building is no stronger than its foundation, long-term goals cannot amount to very much without the achievement of solid short-term goals. Upon completing our short-term goals, we should date the occasion and then add new short-term goals that will build on those that have been completed. 短期目标是根据每日制定的为了处理当前事物的目标。短期目标可以以少于一个星期,一个星 期,两个星期,或者可能的话一个月来完成。我们必须记住,正如只有地基牢靠,建筑物才坚固一 样,长期目标脱离了扎实的短期目标的实现是不能实现的。短期目标的实现是以以前完成的目标为 前提的。 The intermediate goals build on the foundation of the short-term goals. They might deal with just one term of school or the entire school year, or they could even extend for several years. Any time you move a step at a time, you should never allow yourself to become discouraged or overwhelmed. As you complete each step, you will enforce the belief in your ability to grow and succeed. And as your list of completion
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dates grow, your motivation and desire will increase. 中期目标是在短期目标的基础上指定的。可以以一个学期或整个学年为周期指定,或者延长至 几年。每次你根据目标前进了一步,都不要让自己感到没有信心或者压力重重。当你完成了一个目 标,你都会增加成功的信心。并且当你完成目标的日期越来越近,你的动力和希望都会增加。 Long-term goals may be related to our dreams of the future. They might cover five years or more. Life is not a static thing. We should never allow a long-term goal to limit us or our course of action.(221 words) 长期目标可以和我们未来的梦想相关联。 可以是五年或五年以上的目标。 生活不是一成不变的。 我们不能让长期目标制约了我们或我们的行为。 11. Our long-term goals mean a lot ____________. 如果我们能完成各个短期目标,那么我们的长期目标将意义深远。 A. If we cannot reach solid short-term goals B. If we complete the short-term goals C. If we have dreams of the future D. If we put forward some plans 12. New short-term goals are built upon ____________. 短期目标是以以前完成的目标为前提的。 A. a daily basis B. your achievement in a week C. current activities D. the goals that have been completed 13. When we complete each step of our goals, ____________.每完成一个目标,将会增加我们成功的 信心。 A. we will win final success B. we are overwhelmed C. we should build up confidence of success D. we should have strong desire for setting new goals 14. What is the main idea of this passage? ____________ 这篇短文的中心思想是什么? A Life is a dynamic thing. B. we should set up long-term goals C. Different kinds of goals in life. 目标的不同种类。 D. The limitation of long-term goals. 15. Which of the following statements is wrong according to the passage? ____________ 根据短文,下面哪种说法是错误的? A. The long-term goals cannot amount to very much without the achievement of solid short-term goals B. The intermediate goals build on the foundation of the short-term goals. C. Life is a static thing, thus we should never allow a long-term goal to limit us or our course of action. 生活是一成不变的,所以我们不能让长期目标制约我们的生活和我们的行为。 D. We should often add new short-term goals to those which have been completed. Passage 15 How men first learnt to invent words is unknown; in other words, the origin of language is a mystery. All we really know is that men, unlike animals, somehow invented certain sounds to express thought and feelings, actions and things, so that they could communicate with each other; and that later they agreed upon certain signs, called letters, which could be combined to present those sounds, and which could be written down. Those sounds, whether spoken or written in letters, we call words. 人们最初是如何发明单词的不得而知,换句话说,语言的起源是个秘密。所有我们所知道的只 是,人,不同于动物,不知怎么发明了某些声音来表达思想、情感、行为和物质,以便相互交流; 后来统一了某些被称为字母的符号,这些字母可以连起来代表那些声音,可以写下来。我们把那些 声音叫做单词,不管他们是口语还是书面语。 The power of words, then, lies in their associations-the thing they bring up before our minds. Words become filled with meaning for us by experience; and the longer we live, the more certain words recall to us the glad and sad events of our past; and the more we read and learn, the more the number of words that mean something increases. 文字的力量在于其联系性-它们把这些联系性带到我们的头脑中。通过经历,单词对我们充满 了意义。我们活得越久,某些单词就越能使我们回忆起过去的喜怒哀乐;我们越是阅读和学习,有 意义的单词数量就越增加。
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Great writers are those who not only have great thoughts but also express these thoughts in words which appeal powerfully to our minds and emotions. This charming and telling use of words is what we call literary style. Above all, the real poet is a master of words. He can convey his meaning in words which sing like music and which by their position and association can move men to tears. We should therefore learn to choose our words carefully and use them accurately, or they will make our speech silly and vulgar. 伟大的作家是那些不仅具有伟大思想而且能用词汇来表达这些思想的人,他们的思想强烈地震撼着 我们的心灵和情感。单词的这种美妙和寓意用法就是我们所谓的文学性。总之,真正的诗人是文字 的掌握着。他可以用音乐般的词汇来表达自己的意思,这些词汇凭借其所用环境和联系性能让人感 动得流泪。因此,我们应该学会仔细选择所用词汇并准确使用,否则会使我们说的话可笑又粗俗。 6. The origin of language is _______. 语言的起源是: A. a legend handed down from the past B. a matter that is hidden or secret C. a question difficult to answer D. a problem not yet solved 一个还未解决的问题 7. What is true about words? 关于词汇哪一项是对的? A. They are used to express feelings only. B. They can not be written down. C. They are simply sounds. 他们是简单的声音 D. They are mysterious. 8. The real power of words lies in their _______. 文字的真正力量在于其____ A. properties B. characteristics C. peculiarity D. representative function 代表功能 9. By ―association‖, the author means _______. 作者用“联系性”这个词指 A. a special quality B. a joining of ideas in the mind 头脑中思想的联接 C. an appearance which is puzzling D. a strange feature 10. Which of the following statements about the real poet is NOT true? 关于真正的诗人下列哪项不正确? A. He is no more than a master of words. 他只不过是一个文字的掌握者。 B. He can convey his ideas in words which sing like music. C. He can move men to tears. D. His style is always charming. Passage 16 Shyness is the cause of much unhappiness for a great many people. Shy people are anxious and self-conscious; that is, they are excessively concerned with their own appearance and actions. Worrisome thoughts are constantly occurring in their minds: what kind of impression am I making? Do they like me? Do I sound stupid? Am I wearing unattractive clothes? 羞怯是许多人不快乐的原因。害羞的人焦虑不安,自我意识强,也就是说,他们过分在意自己的形 象和行为。焦虑时常萦绕在他们的脑海中:我给人留下了什么印象?他们喜欢我吗?我让人觉得很傻 吗?我的穿着是否不吸引人? It is obvious that such uncomfortable feelings must negatively affect people. A person’s conception of himself or herself is reflected in the way he or she behaves, and the way a person behaves affects other people’s reactions. In general, the way people think about themselves has a profound effect on all areas of their lives. 显而易见,这种不舒适的感觉必然给人们带来了不利的影响。一个人的自我意识反映在他或她的行 为上,而一个人的行为会影响他人的反应。一般而言,人们认识自己的方式对他们的生活的方方面 面有深远的影响。 Shy people, having low self-esteem, are likely to be passive and easily influenced by others. They need reassurance that they are doing ―the right thing.‖ Shy people are very sensitive to criticism; they feel it confirms their feelings of inferiority. They also find it difficult to be pleased by compliment with a statement like this one, ―You’re just saying that to make me feel good. I know it’s not true.‖ It is clear that while self-awareness is a healthy quality, overdoing it is harmful. 羞怯的人非常自卑,他们可能很被动,容易受他人的影响。他们需要得到他人的再次确认:他们所
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做的是“正确的事情” 。羞怯的人对批评很敏感,他们认为批评使得他们更低人一等。他们也发现自 己很难因为受到类似的表扬而高兴,如:你刚才所说的使我感觉很好。我知道那不是真的。很明显, 尽管具有自知之明是件好事,但过度自谦则是有害的。 Can shyness be completely eliminated, or at least reduced? Fortunately, people can overcome shyness with determined and patient efforts in building self-confidence. Since shyness goes hand in hand with a lack of self-esteems, it is important for people to accept their weakness as well as their strengths. 羞怯能根除吗?或至少能减少些吗?幸运的是,许多人能通过坚决而有耐心地建立自信来克服羞怯。 既然羞怯与自卑天生相伴,那么人们能看见他们的优缺点是很重要的。 Each one of us is a unique, worthwhile individual, interested in our own personal ways. The better we understand ourselves, the easier it becomes to live up to our full potential. Let’s not allow shyness to block our chances for a rich and fulfilling life. 每一个人都是独一无二的,都有其价值所在。我们对我们自己个人的方式感兴趣。我们了解自己越 多,我们就越容易充分发挥自己的潜能。不要让羞怯妨碍我们实现富裕而有成效的人生。 11. What does the author try to prove by citing ―what kind of impression am I making?‖ 作者通过引用“我给人留下了什么印象?”来试图说明什么? A. Shy people benefit from their caring about their appearance. B. People’s shyness made them care too much about their appearance and actions. 羞怯使他们过分关注他们的形象和行为。 C. It’s natural that shy people don’t believe other’s compliments. D. Shy people think they are different from others. 12. According to the writer, self-awareness is _______.根据作者的观点,自知之明是一件_______ A. a good quality 好事 B. the cause of unhappiness C. harmful to people D. a weak point of shy people 13. When being praised, shy people feel that it is _______.当被赞扬的时候,羞怯的人感到这是_______ A. good B. unreal 不真实的 C. very reasonable D. harmful 14. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? 根据文章含义,下列陈述哪一个是正确的? A. Shyness helps us to develop our potential. B. Shyness enables us to understand ourselves better. C. Shyness can block our chances for a rich life. 羞怯能够阻碍我们实现富裕人生的机会。 D. Shyness has nothing to do with lack of self-esteem. 15. It can be inferred from the passage that shy people _______.从文章中可以推断出羞怯的人_______ A. should find more of their weakness B. should understand themselves in the right way 应当以正确的方式看待自己 C. had better ignore their weakness D. can get rid of their shyness while maintaining low self-esteem Passage 17 When John and Victoria Falls arrived in New York City for one-year stay, they did not bring very many things with them. They had planned either to live in a furnished apartment or to buy used furniture. But they soon learned about a new system that more and more people are using. The renting of home furnishings (bed, tables, dishes, and so on) has become one of America’s fastest growing businesses. 当 John 和 Victoria Falls 到达纽约开始他们的一年生活时,他们没有随身带很多东西。他们 计划要么住在装修好的公寓里,要么买些旧家具。但是他们很快了解到越来越多的人正在采用的一 种新的方式。租用家具(如窗,桌子,盘子等等)已经成为美国发展最快的行业之一。 What kinds of people rent their home furnishings instead of buying them? People who are international business or government officials, foreign students, airline workers, young married couple – people whose job or business may force them to move frequently from one city to another. They save a lot
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of trouble and the cost of moving their furniture each time. They simply rent new furniture when they reach their new homes. Young people with little money do not want to buy cheap furniture that they may soon dislike. They prefer to wait until they have enough money to buy furniture that they really like. Meanwhile, they find they can rent better quality furniture than they could afford to buy. 什么样的人是租用家具而不是买家具的呢?从事国际商务的人,政府官员,外国学生,航空公 司工作人员,刚结婚的年轻夫妇---- 那些由于工作而被迫频繁来往不同的城市的人。他们可以省去 每次搬家具的麻烦和费用。他们到一个新家的时候,只需租新的家具就好了。收入少的年轻人不想 买那些他们可能很快就不喜欢的便宜家具。他们宁愿等到有钱时买他们真正喜欢的家具。同时,他 们发现他们可以租比他们买得起的质量更好的家具。 One family, who now have a large, beautiful home of their own, liked their rented furniture so much that they decided to keep renting it instead of buying new things. But usually people don’t like to tell others about it. The idea of renting home furnishings is still quite new, and they are not sure what their neighbors might think. (248words) 有个家庭,他们有属于自己的大而漂亮的房子,可是他们太喜欢租来的家具了以至于他们决定 继续租用而不买新的家具。但是人们通常不喜欢告诉别人这些。租家具的想法还是很新的,他们不 能确定邻居们对此会怎么想。 6. Which of the following has become one of America’s fastest growing businesses? ____________ 以下哪个行业已成为美国发展最快的行业之一? A. Selling home furnishings. B. Renting furnished apartments. C. Selling used furniture. D. Renting home furnishings. 租用家具。 7. Why do some people prefer to rent furniture? ____________ 为什么人们更喜欢租用家具? A. Because the furniture they get in this way is new. B. Because it saves them a lot of money. C. Because it saves them much trouble and money. 因为这样可以省去很多麻烦和钱。 D. Because they can always get better quality furniture in this way. 8. What can you infer from the passage? ____________ 从段落中你能推断出什么? A. The idea of renting furniture is not acceptable. B. Renting furniture is not popular in the couple’s home town. 在这对夫妇的家乡,租用家具并不流行。 C. Only those who don’t have enough money to rent furniture. D. People usually grow to like the furniture they have rented. 9. Which of the following can best serve as the title of the passage? ____________ 下面哪个作为本段的题目最好? A. Rent or Buy? B. A New Way of Getting Home Furnishings. 一种新的获得家具的方法。 C. Furnished Apartments. D. A New Idea. 10. Young people liked renting home furniture in that __________. 年轻人喜欢租用家具是由于什么? 他们没有钱而且不想买便宜的家具。 A. They have less money B. They don’t want to buy old furniture C. The new furniture is of good quality D. They don’t have much money and don’t want to buy the cheap furniture Passage 18 A characteristic of American culture that has become almost a tradition is to respect the self-made man — the man who has risen to the top through his own efforts, usually beginning by working with his hands.
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While the leader in business or industry or the college professor occupies a higher social position and commands greater respect in the community than the common laborer or even the skilled factory worker, he may take pains to point out that his father started life in America as a farmer or laborer of some sort. 美国文化的一个特点, 并且几乎成为美国的一项传统的是对自我奋斗的人的尊敬――通过自己的努 力到达顶峰,通常是白手起家。然而公司,企业的领导,社会地位很高,在社区中获得比一般工人 或工厂技术人员更多的尊敬的大学教授,都不愿说出自己的父亲在美国是从一个农民,工人这类人 开始奋斗的。 This attitude toward manual 体力的) ( labor is now still seen many aspects of American life. One is invited to dinner at a home that is not only comfortably but even luxuriously (豪华地) furnished and in which there is every evidence of the fact the family has been able to afford foreign travel, expensive hobbies, and college education for the children; yet the hostess probably will cook the dinner herself, will serve it herself and will wash dishes afterward, furthermore the dinner will not consist merely of something quickly and easily assembled from contents of various cans and a cake or a pie bought at the nearby bakery. On the contrary, the hostess usually takes pride in careful preparation of special dishes. A professional may talk about washing the car, digging in his flowerbeds, painting the house. His wife may even help with these things, just as he often helps her with the dishwashing. The son who is away at college may wait on table and wash dishes for his living, or during the summer he may work with a construction gang on a highway in order to pay for his education. 这种对体力劳动的尊敬在美国生活的很多地方都能看到。一个人被邀请到一户家庭赴宴,这户家庭 装潢不只舒适,可以说是豪华,处处可证明这家人支付的起国外旅行,奢侈的爱好和孩子的大学教 育。但是这样的女主人很有可能自己做饭招待客人,然后洗刷餐具,并且这样的宴会不会仅仅提供 快餐式的罐头食品,从附近面包房买的蛋糕或派。相反的,女主人通常为精心准备特别的菜肴而感 到自豪。男主人会谈论自己如何洗车,在花房劳作,粉刷房子,他的儿子在外地上大学,做餐厅侍 应生,洗盘子来供自己生活花费,或者暑假的时候为建筑队在高速公路工作赚钱付学费。 11. From paragraph 1, we know that in America _______.从第一段我们可以知道在美国_______? A. people tend to have a high opinion of the self-made man 人们对自我奋斗的人评价很高 B. people can always rise to the top through their own efforts C. college professors win great respect from common workers D. people feel painful to mention their fathers as labors 12. According to the passage, the hostess cooks dinner herself mainly because _______. 从这篇文章来看,女主人自己做饭主要是因为_______? A. servants in American are hard to get B. she takes pride in what she can do herself 她对自己可以做的事情感到自豪 C. she can hardly afford servants D. It is easy to prepare a meal with canned food 13. The expression ―wait on table‖ in the second paragraph means ―_______‖. 第二段中,词组“等在桌旁”的意思是什么? A. work in a furniture shop B. keep accounts for a bar C. wait to lay the table D. serve customers in a restaurant 在餐厅为客人服务 14. The author’s attitude towards manual(体力的)labor is _______.作者对体力劳动者的态度如何? A. positive 积极的 B. negative C. humorous D. critical 15. Which of the following may serve as the best title of the passage? 下面那项最适合作这篇文章的题 目? A. A Respectable Self-made Family. B. American Attitude toward Manual Labor. 美国人对体力劳动者的态度 C. Characteristics of American Culture. D. The Development of Manual Labor.

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第三部分 词汇与结构(45 题)
1.Professor smith promised to look ______ my paper,that is,to read it carefully before the defense. A.after B.over C.on D.into 2.Our house is about a mile from the railway station and there are not many houses ______. A.in between B.far apart C.among them D.from each other 3.As the bus came round the corner,it ran ______ a big tree by the roadside. A.into B.on C.over D.up 4.When Lily came home at 5 p.m. yesterday, her mother ---dinner in the kitchen. A.cooked B.was cooking C.cooks D.has cooked 5.Did you notice the guy ______ head looked like a big potato? A.who B.which C.whose D.whom KEY: BAABC 6.I don’t know the park, but it’s to be quite beautiful. A.said B.old C.spoken D.talked 7.Mike is better than Peter swimming. A.for B.at C.on D.in 8.The young lady coming over to us our English teacher; the way she walks tells us that! A.must be B.can be C.would be D.could be 9.Had you come five minutes earlier, you ________ the train to Birmingham. But now you missed it. A.Would catch B.would have caught C.Could catch D.Should catch 10.Eggs, though rich in nourishments, have ________ of fat.. A.a large number of B.the large number C.a large amount D.the large amount KEY: ABABC 11.The atmosphere certain gases mixed together in definite proportions. A.composes of B.is made up C.consists of D.makes up of 12.Neither John his father was able to wake up early enough to catch the morning train. A.nor B.or C.but D.and 13.The girl is of a film star. A.somebody B.something C.anybody D.anyone 14.Jane’s dress is similar in design her sister’s. A.1ike B.with C.to D.as 15.His salary as a driver is much higher than . A.a porter B.is a porter C.as a porter D.that of a porter KEY: CABCD 16.It’s time we the lecture because everybody has arrived. A.will start B.shall start C.start D.started 17. these honors he received a sum of money. A.Except B.But C.Besides D.Outside 18.Would you let to the park with my classmate,Mum? A.me go B.me going C.I go D.I going 19.Therefore, other things _______ equal, the member of workers that employers want decreases. A.is B.are C.being D.having 20.I have been looking forward to from my parents. A.hear B.being heard C.be heard D.hearing KEY: DCACD 21.The manager will not us to use his car. A.have B.1et C.agree D.allow 22. her and then try to copy what she does. A.Mind B.See C.Stare at D.Watch 23.Will you me a favor,please? A.do B.make C.bring D.give 24.It’s bad for you to smoke in the public places where smoking is not allowed. A.behavior B.action C.manner D.movement 25.—It’s a good idea.But who’s going to the plan? —I think John and Peter will. A.carry out B.get through C.take in D.set aside KEY: DDAAA 26.Two days is not enough for him to finish the work.He needs A.other B.the other C.the third 27.The red flower goes from one to in the class. A.the other B.others C.another day. D.a third D.other
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28.The computer system suddenly while he was searching for information on the Internet. A.broke down B.broke out C.broke up D.broke in 29.There’s lots of fruit the tree.Our little cat is also in the tree. A.in B.at C.under D.on 30.How can he if he is not ? A.1isten; hearing B.hear; listening C.be listening; heard D.be hearing; listened to KEY: DCADB 31.The students were all entertained in a Mexican restaurant, at Professor Brian’s . A.money B.pay C.expense D.loss 32.Tom, what did you do with my documents? I have never seen such a and disorder. A.mass B.mess C.guess D.bus 33.If she wants to stay thin, she must make a in her diet. A.change B.turn C.run D.go 34. the War of Independence, the United States was an English colony. A.Before B.At C.In D.Between 35.No matter , the little sisters managed to round the sheep up and drive them back home safely. A.it was snowing hard B.hard it was snowing C.how it was snowing hard D.how hard it was snowing KEY: CBAAD 36.A police officer claimed that he had attempted to paying his fare. A.avoid B.reject C.refuse D.neglect 37.While I was in the university, I learned taking a photo, is very useful now for me. A.it B.which C.that D.what 38.This kind of material expands the temperature increasing. A.to B.for C.with D.at 39.People at the party worried about him because no one was aware ________ he had gone. A.of where B.of the place where C.where D.the place 40.A sudden noise of a fire-engine made him ________ to the door. A.hurrying B.hurried C.hurry D.to hurry KEY: ABCAC 41.On average, a successful lawyer has to talk to several a day. A.customers B.supporters C.guests D.clients 42.What is the train to Birmingham? A.fee B.tip C.fare D.cost 43.You shouldn’t your time like that, Bob; you have to finish your school work tonight. A.cut B.do C.kill D.kick 44.Both the kids and their parents ________ English, I think. I know it from their accent. A.is B.been C.are D.was 45.Never before ________ see such a terrible car accident on the road! A.I have B.Have I C.I did D.Did I KEY: DCCCD

第四部分 完形填空
以下完形填空题(实考题)题目难度较低,投机几率小,建议强记,可以直接看内容后背答案,确保完型的 10 分不 丢。 解题思路:短文中共包含 5 个未完成的句子,针对每个句子中空缺部分,请从 A、B、C、D、E 五个选项中选出正 确选项。5 个选项分别填入不同位置。比如说一段话的结尾是句号,接着是空格,那么这个空格上要从下面的答案中 找一个以大写字母开头的单词,因为句首需要大写,再比如说 the 性的单词,你能确定一个少一个,不会填重复的答案。 后面需要跟的是名词,你就从答案中找名词属

1. Modern zoos are very different from zoos that were built fifty years ago. At that time, zoos were places 1 people could go to see animals from many parts of the world. The animals lived in cages that were made 2 concrete with iron bars, cages that were easy to keep clean. Unfortunately for the animals, the cages were small and impossible to hide in. The zoo environment was anything but natural. 3 the zoo keepers took good care of the animals and fed them well, many of the animals did not thrive; they behaved in strange ways, and they often became ill. In modern zoos, people can see animals in more natural habitats. The animals are given more ____4___ in large areas so that they can live more comfortably as they would in nature. Even the appearance of zoos has changed. Trees and grass grow in the cages, and streams of water flow _____5 the areas that animals
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live in. 1. A. of B. Although 2. A. of B. Although 3. A. of B. Although 4. A. of B. Although 5. A. of B. Although KEY:CABED C. where C. where C. where C. where C. where D. over D. over D. over D. over D. over E. freedom E. freedom E. freedom E. freedom E. freedom

2. Mumu is a Chinese boy. But now he ___1___ in the UK. He lives and ___2___ with Mr. and Mrs. Green in London. They are very nice to him. And they like different food. For breakfast, Mr. and Mrs. Green would like milk, eggs and some vegetables, sometimes they have fruit. Mumu would like milk and eggs, but he wouldn’t like vegetables at the breakfast time. Lunch is at one ___3___. Mr. and Mrs. Green usually have large hamburgers. Mumu doesn’t like them. He thinks they’re ___4___. He would like some rice. After that, he’d like some fruit. ___5___ Mr. and Mrs. Green usually have afternoon tea. For dinner, Mr. and Mrs. Green have soup, beef, vegetables and fruit. Mumu wouldn’t like any beef, he’d like some noodles. 1. A. eats B. is C. But D. o’clock E. she’d 2. A. eats B. is C. But D. o’clock E. she’d 3. A. eats B. is C. But D. o’clock E. she’d 4. A. eats B. is C. But D. o’clock E. she’d 5. A. eats B. is C. But D. o’clock E. she’d KEY:BADEC 3 . Water is very important to living things. Without water there can be___1____life on earth. All animals and plants need water. Man needs water, too. We need water to drink, to cook our food and to clean _____2____ Water is found almost everywhere. Even in the driest part of the world there is some water in the air. You can not see it ____3____ feel it when it is part of the air. The water in seas, rivers is a liquid. The water in the air is not a liquid _____4___ a gas. Clouds are made of water. They may ___5____made of very small drops of water. Water, you have found, is very useful, so we must save water. 1. A. ourselves B. or C. be D. but E. no 2. A. ourselves B. or C. be D. but E. no 3. A. ourselves B. or C. be D. but E. no 4. A. ourselves B. or C. be D. but E. no 5. A. ourselves B. or C. be D. but E. no KEY:EABDC

4. American people divide their days into several blocks of time, and plan different activities different times.

1

American time is "on the dot"(准确地). If something is supposed to happen at Eight o'clock, it will begin at eight. Americans value promptness(准时)and may become angry if a person is more than 15 minutes late 2 a good reason. If you know you are going to be late, call in advance and let someone know. arrive late, you should apologize and explain why. Americans arrive The doctor may keep you 4 3 you

time for doctors' appointments.

5 , but if you keep the doctor waiting, you may get a bill with the doctor's
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time! 美国人把他们的时间分成几大块,然后不同的时间段安排不同的事情。 如果某事安排在八点 it will begin at eight.那就会在八点开始。 美国人很看重准时, 如果有人没有 什么很好的理由迟到15分钟,大家都会很生气,如果知道你会迟到,一定要提前电话告知.如果迟到 了,你应该道歉并解释原因. 美国人很准时按预约的时间去看病,医生可能让你等一会儿,但是如果 你让医生等你,你可能要为医生等候的时间买单! 1. A. for B. waiting C. on D. if 2. A. for B. waiting C. on D. if 3. A. for B. waiting C. on D. if 4. A. for B. waiting C. on D. if 5. A. for B. waiting C. on D. if KEY:AEDCB E. without E. without E. without E. without E. without

5. This is my timetable. I study at No.3 Middle School of Dongfang. From Monday to Friday I get up ___1___ 6:30 a.m. I have ___2___ at 7:00 and then I go to school. I don't like to be late. Our classes ___3___ at 8:30 a.m. We have four classes in the morning. I often have lunch at school with my classmates. In the afternoon, we have two classes. Classes are over at 3:30, and I get home at 4:00. But sometimes I don't ___4___ school so early because I play basketball on the playground. I have supper at about 6:00. After supper I do my homework. I often watch TV, but sometimes I ___5___ to do some reading and the story books are very interesting. I usually go to bed at about 10:00 p.m. 这是我的课表,我在东方三中上学。周一到周五我早上6;30起床,我7;00吃早餐,然后上学。我 不想迟到。8;30开始上课我上午有四节课。 我通常跟同学们一起在学校吃午餐 下午有两节课,3;30放学,我4;00回家。有时候我不那么早就离开学校,因为我还要在操场打篮 球,6;00吃晚餐,晚餐后我做作业,我经常看电视,但有时我喜欢看看书,那些故事书很有趣。 我 一般10;00 上床睡觉。 1. A. leave B. at C. like 2. A. leave B. at C. like 3. A. leave B. at C. like 4. A. leave B. at C. like 5. A. leave B. at C. like KEY:BDEAC D. breakfast D. breakfast D. breakfast D. breakfast D. breakfast E. start E. start E. start E. start E. start

6. Strange things happen to time when you travel, because the earth is divided into twenty-four parts, ___1___ a part. You can have days with more or fewer than twenty-four hours, and weeks with more or fewer than seven days. Your ship goes into ___2___ time part every day if you make a five-day journey across the Atlantic Ocean. As you go into each part, the time ___3___ one hour. Traveling west, you set your clock back; traveling east, you let it ahead. Each day of your journey has either twenty-five or twenty-three hours. If you travel by ship across the Pacific, you ___4___ the International Date Line. This is the point where a new day ___5___. When you go across the line, you change your calendar one full day, back or ahead. 在你旅行的时候有一些奇怪的事发生,因为地球被分成24个部分,每个部分一小时。你可能过上多 于或少于24小时的一天,多于或少于七天的一周。 如果你坐船在大西洋航行5天,你每天都经过一个不同的时区。你每经过一个时区,时间就 变
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化一小时,向西航行,你把时钟调后,向东航行,你把时间调前。每天有25小时或者23小时。 如果你坐船穿过太平洋,你就可以跨过国际日期变更线 , 这就是一天的开始你就要把日期调前 或调后一天。 1. A. a different 2. A. a different 3. A. a different 4. A. a different 5. A. a different KEY:BADCE B. one hour B. one hour B. one hour B. one hour B. one hour C. cross C. cross C. cross C. cross C. cross D. changes D. changes D. changes D. changes D. changes E. begins E. begins E. begins E. begins E. begins

7. Many people would agree that stress is a major problem in modern life. It is certainly true that worry and quarrel can cause all kinds of illnesses, serious complaints such as high blood pressure. Many of us think other people put us 2 3 stress as something that other people impose on us. We often complain about how pressure. But we should try not to let such pressure affect us. We should not 4 more 1 backache to severe headaches, or even more

forget that we are largely responsible for some of the stress ourselves. We sometimes take work than our bodies and our minds can handle. We should learn to aware of which things are really important and which are not. 5

our limitations. We should be

很多人会认为大街是城市生活的一个问题,毫无疑问,担心争吵会导致很多疾病,从背疼到严重的头 疼。甚至还有更严重的病,比如高血压 很多人认为是别人强加我们的。我们常常抱怨,别人怎么给我们施加压力我们应该不要让这些压 力影响我们,不要忘记,是我们自己该为大部分的压力负责。我们有时多做了了我们的身体和大脑 不能承受的工作,我们要学会接受我们的极限,我们要知道哪些事情是重要的,哪些不是重要的。 1. A. of B. under C. accept D. from E. on 2. A. of B. under C. accept D. from E. on 3. A. of B. under C. accept D. from E. on 4. A. of B. under C. accept D. from E. on 5. A. of B. under C. accept D. from E. on KEY:DABEC 8. Traffic accidents killed more than 104,000 people in China last year. Chinese cities have more cars than before. Every day many people are ___1___ while they cross the road. Most of ___2___ are old people and children. Old people are often killed because they usually can't see clearly or hear very well. ___3___ are killed because they are careless. A car, truck or bus can't stop very quickly if it is going very fast. The faster a car is traveling, the longer it takes to stop. But people walking in the street do not always understand this. It's ___4___ for people to know how fast a car is traveling. The new traffic laws were put into use ___5___ May 1st, 2004. The new traffic laws will make the streets safer for walking and driving. 1. A. killed B. on C. children D. difficult E. them 2. A. killed B. on C. children D. difficult E. them 3. A. killed B. on C. children D. difficult E. them 4. A. killed B. on C. children D. difficult E. them 5. A. killed B. on C. children D. difficult E. them KEY:AECDB
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9. It seems quite clearly unjust to pay two people different amounts of money for doing the same work. But it is not as easy as it appeals at first __1__ to introduce equal pay for equal work. Two people may be working side by side in a factory and doing the same work, but one may be doing it twice as fast as the __2__; or one may be making no mistakes, while the other is making a lot. In some kinds of work, one can solve the problem of speed if one pays by the amount of work to be done and not by the hour: work paid for in this __3__ is called piece-work. But it is not always possible to do this, so it is sometimes useful to pay workers at different rates, which take differences in skill into __4__. This usually means that the younger and therefore less experienced worker gets less than the __5__ and more experienced one, which seems reasonable enough. 1. A. other B. sight C. older D. way E. account 2. A. other B. sight C. older D. way E. account 3. A. other B. sight C. older D. way E. account 4. A. other B. sight C. older D. way E. account 5. A. other B. sight C. older D. way E. account KEY:BADEC

第五部分 英译汉
1、27 题标成红色的题目要重点复习。建议先看英语,尝试翻译,然后掌握不熟悉的单词意思,只 要大概意思相同即可。 2、其余 171 题均为实考题,尽量掌握。比较简单记忆,容易突击消化,考试 4 题 20 分,尽量拿 满分。 重点掌握 27 题(必考 2-3 题) : 1. Wang Li’s 人名有可能变化,4 月为: ( Tom’s) father has taught English here since he graduated from Peking University. 王丽的父亲从北京大学毕业后就一直在这里教英语。 2. Please give this book to whoever comes first. 请把这本书给最先来的人。 3. Though it was late, they kept on working. 尽管已经很晚了,他们还在继续工作。 4. Apples here like water and sunshine. 这里的苹果喜欢水和阳光。 5. Tom(人名有可能变化或 Fred)was such a hardworking student that he soon came out first in the class. 汤姆是一个学习十分用功的学生,以至于不久他就成了班里学习最好的学生。 6. Ted and William have lived under the same roof for five years. 泰德和威廉已经在同一个屋檐下生活了五 年了。 7. A lot of natural resources in the mountain area are to be exploited and used. 那个山区有许多自然资源有待 于开发利用。 8. In Foreign Languages Department, a checking machine is used to correct the students’ test papers. 外语系用阅卷机给学生批卷。 9. The students are encouraged by their teacher to do more listening, reading and writing. 老师鼓励学生多听, 多读,多写。 10. There is a large amount of energy wasted due to friction. 由于摩擦而损耗了大量的能量。 11. This place has plentiful material resources. 这个地方有丰富的物质资源。 12. Various substances differ widely in their magnetic characteristics. 各种材料的磁性有很大的不同。 13. The more passions we have, the more happiness we are likely to experience. 我们的激情越多,我们有可能体验到的快乐就越多。 14. Each time history repeats itself, the price goes up. 历史每重演一次,代价就增加(一分) 。 15. In an age of plenty, we feel spiritual hunger. 在这个物质财富充裕的时代,我们感到精神上的饥渴。
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16. In no other country in the world can you find such plants as this one. 像这种植物在世界上的其他任何一个国家中都找不到。 17. I was having a nap when suddenly the telephone rang. 我在睡觉时,电话铃突然响了。 18. All that glitters is not gold. 闪光的东西,未必都是金子。 19. Bill hit his car into a wall last night. 昨晚比尔开车时车撞到了墙上。 20. Would you please help me with this heavy box? 你能帮我拾一下这个很沉的箱子吗? 21.He has taught English in this university ever since he moved to this city. 自从移居到这座城市以来,他就一直在这所大学教英语。 22. Transistors are small in size and light in weight. 晶体管的体积小,重量轻。 23. John and his brother differ in personality even if their differences in age are not significant. 尽管约翰和他哥哥在年纪上相差不大,但他们的个性却不相同。 24. If you decided to learn a new language, you would have to dedicate yourself wholeheartedly to the cause. 如果你决定学一门新的语言,你必须全身心地投入。 25. You needn’t go there anymore. He already knows about it. 你不必去了,他已经知道那件事 26. As is known to all, China is a developing country. 众所周知,中国是一个发展中国家。 27. The most common samples of inorganic materials are the gases of the atmosphere, water, rocks, etc. 大气中的气体、水、岩石等都是无机物中最普通的实例。 其他部分 171 题 1. You must always remember not to cheat in exams.你必须始终记住考试不要作弊。 2. It is known to all that exercises are good for health.众所周知,运动对身体有利。 3. I’m now a distance education student.我现在是远程教育的学生。 4. I think she will change her mind tomorrow.我想她明天将会改变主意的。 5. I feel lonely without you.没有你,我感到孤单。 6. I’m very much eager to improve my oral English.我非常渴望改善我的英语口语。 7. As is known to all, Beijing is the capital of China.众所周知,北京是中国的首都。 8. As was expected, he passed the exam easily.果然不出所料,他轻而易举的通过了考试。 9. Many valuable resources in China’s west area are to be exploited and used. 中国西部地区有许多珍贵的资源有待开发和利用。 10. We enjoyed ourselves very much at the party.在那次晚会上我们玩得很愉快。 11. The greater amount of time you spent learning English, the greater progress you are likely to make. 你投入英语学习的时间越多,可能取得的进步就越大。 12. I am busy studying for my exams.我忙于备考。 13. I’ve just come back from Britain.我刚从英国回来。 14. I slept soundly all night.我整夜睡的很熟。 15. He shows a great interest in learning English.他对英语表现出浓厚的兴趣。 16. The doctor is very patient with his patients.这位医生对病人十分耐心。 17. I enjoyed this meal thoroughly 我很喜欢这顿饭 18. I don't think he can operate the new type of computer 我不认为他能操作新型电脑的。 19. Yeah, I'm anxious to hear all the songs from her new album 是的,我渴望听到所有她的新专辑中的歌曲 20. Few of them believe you 他们中几乎没人相信你 21. Try hard or you'll fail the test. 努力地,否则你考试及不了格 22. This pair of shoes cost me 260 Yuan.这双鞋子花了我 260 元 23. What kind of life do most people enjoy? 大部分人都喜欢什么样的生活? 24. The little boy wanted to exchange his toy car for my cake.这个小男孩想用它的玩具车换我的蛋糕。 25. Our teacher always encourages us to speak English bravely. 我们老师总是鼓励我们要敢说英语。 26. He is always very active in student activities. 他总是积极参与学生活动。 27. The school management must be improved. 必须要改进学校的管理制度。 28. I'm going to buy a monthly ticket tomorrow. 我打算明天去买一张月票。
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29. I don’t know who broke the window. 我不知道是谁打破窗户的。 30. Did you get that E-mail from me? 你收到我发的那份电子邮件了吗? 31. Students can study by themselves through school network. 学生可以通过学校网络自学。 32. He offered to help us with our work. 他主动提出帮助我们的工作。 33. He is a worldwide famous scientist. 他是一位世界著名的科学家 34. One can never succeed without enough confidence in himself. 一个人若是对自己没有足够的信心是永远 不会成功。 35. There is something urgent for you to do right now. 有件急事要你立刻去做 36. I'll have to try using the search engines. 我必须试着使用搜索引擎。 37. Let's try something different. 让我们尝尝其它不同的口味 38. How long will it take us to get there? 我们到那里要花费多长时间? 39. The more I study, the less I seem to learn. 我读的书越多,好像学到得东西越少 40. It takes a lot of time to learn a foreign language. 学习一门外语需要很多时间 41. They have been working together for three months and have come to know each other better. 他们在一 起工作了三个月,相互之间也更了解了 42. What would you like to drink, mineral water or tea? 你喜欢喝点什么?矿泉水还是茶水? 43. I read the local newspapers with great interest every evening. 我每天晚上抱着极大的兴趣阅读当地的报 纸。 44. My classmates are cleverer than I. 我的同学比我聪明。 45. He is in the world a famous pop star. 他是世界上著名的流行音乐明星。 46. Jane moved to New York at the end of last month. 简在上月底就移居纽约了。 47. Give me your advice. 给我你的建议。 48. I feel satisfied with my life. 我对我的生活感到满意。 49. I’m having a headache now. 我现在头痛。 50. How did you spend your holiday? 你假期怎么过得? 51. I have no idea about it. 对此我一点都不知道。 52. Who is the girl in white shirt? 穿白衬衣的那位女孩是谁? 53. He prefers coffee to tea. / I prefer coffee to tea. 与茶相比,他更喜欢咖啡。 /与茶相比,我更喜欢咖啡。 54. You needn’t tell him anymore, he already knows about the news. 你不必告诉他了,他已经知道了那 个消息了 55. It was a hard job, but he did not mind. 这项工作很艰苦,但他并不在乎。 56. Could you tell me where the post office is? 你能告诉我邮局在什么地方吗? 57. You are clever enough to pass the exam. 你很聪明,能通过考试 58. Because there was heavy traffic, we were ten minutes late. 因为当时交通繁忙,我们晚点十分钟。 59. A friend of mine from high school is working in England now. 我高中的一个朋友正在英格兰国工 作。 60. You'd better go quickly before I change my mind. 趁着我还没有改变主意,你赶快走吧。 61. We're running behind schedule by about 15 minutes. 我们大约误点 15 分钟 62. Okay, and I need a pen to fill out the address. 好,我还得借一支笔来填写地址。 63. Once all the information is completed, you sign here. 所有内容都填完之后,你就在这儿签名 64. I need to buy some 50-cent stamps. 我需要买一些 50 美分的邮票 65. The Olympic Games will be held in Beijing. 奥林匹克运动会(奥运会)将在北京举行。 66. I have a pain in my back. 我的背部很疼。 67. This TV channel has too many commercials. 这个电视台频道广告太多了 68. Were there any phone calls for me while I was out? 我不在时,有人打电话给我吗? 69. Why, do you want me to change the channel? 怎么了,你要我换个频道吗? 70. I’m sure we’ll have a good time. 我想我们会过得很愉快。
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71. I came here at least once a month. 我一个月至少来这里一次。 72. You’d better do that again. 你最好再做一次。 73. Since the earth looks like a ball, the sun can shine on only half of it at a time. 由于地球看起来像个球,太 阳在同一时刻只能照到它的一半。 74. I don't want to spend five dollars on a cup of water. 我不想花五美元买一瓶水 75. When I was young, I'd listen to the radio, waiting for my favorite songs.当我还是个孩子的时候,我常听收音机
等待我最喜欢的歌。

76. Would you mind closing the window for me? 你介意为我关上窗户吗? 77. I'm certain he'll go to see the film, because he's bought a ticket. 我肯定他会去看电影的,因为他已经 买了票 78. He has been learning English for years. 多年来,他一直在学英语。 79. He had a traffic accident last week. 上星期他出了一个交通事故。 80. We should encourage him to have confidence in himself. 我们应该鼓励他要有自信心。 81. He had to leave early yesterday. 昨天他不得不早些离开 82. Abundant natural resources in the island are to be exploited and used. 这个岛上丰富的资源有待开发和使 用。 83. Who can help me clean the room? 谁能帮我打扫这个房间? 84. Because of his carelessness, Jack hit his car into a big tree by the roadside. 因为粗心,杰克开车撞到路边 的树上。 85. Bob was such a hardworking man that he always worked late till night. 鲍勃是个勤奋的人, 他总是工作到 深夜。 86. He stopped to smoke. 他停下来,开始吸烟。 87. I came back because of the rain. 因为下雨,所以我回来了 88. Trees need water to grow. 树木需要水才能生长。 89. The earth on which we live is shaped like a ball. 我们居住的地球,形状像一个大球。 90. He was very happy to hear from his old friend. 他很高兴收到他的老朋友的信。 91. Beijing Olympic Games can make Chinese people work harder. 北京奥林匹克运动会使得中国人民更加 努力工作。 92. He told me that he had lived in America for ten years before he came to China.他告诉我:在来中国前他在
美国已生活十年了。

93. China is the largest developing country in the world. 中国是世界上最大的发展中国家 94. Who is going to answer the door? 谁去开门? 95. He lives in a small room with only one small window. 他住在一个只有一扇小窗户的小房间里 96. Karsh was praised as a master portraitist, often working in black and white, influenced by great patient painters of the past. 卡什被人们誉为人像大师,由于受到历史上一些著名画家的影响,他在拍摄中经 常运用黑白摄影。 97. Who is going to answer the telephone? 谁去接电话? 98. How are you doing these days? 这些日子你怎么样?/你近来怎么样啊? 99. The plane took off very smoothly. 飞机很平稳的起飞了 100. They sold the old house yesterday. 他们昨天把老房子卖了 101. I prefer tea to coffee. 我宁可要茶,不要咖啡 102. The plan has been over fulfilled by now. 目前,已经超额完成计划。 103. Fires may do more damage than the earthquakes. 火灾造成的损失可能比地震还严重。 104. We should make best use of time. 我们要充分利用时间 105. He was satisfied with his new car, and drove to work in it the very next day.他对自己的新车感到很满意,
第二天就开去上班

106. Can you express yourself clearly in English? 你能用英语清楚地表达自己的意思吗? 107. We are short of time and money. 我们资金和时间都缺。
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108. It's never too late to learn. 活到老,学到老 109. Our textbooks are very different from theirs. 我们的教材与他们的教材很不一样 110. The doctor told me to have more water. 医生叫我多喝水 111. She was the only daughter and the youngest child of five. 她是家里唯一的女儿也是五个孩子中最小的 一个 112. We are from mainland China. 我们来自中国大陆。 113. I'll try not to take up too much of your time. 我尽量不占用你太多的时间 114. I am very familiar with his name. 我对他的名字很熟悉 115. Stay here before I get back. 等在这儿等我回来。 116. I've been so busy lately,I haven't had time to call anybody. 我最近可忙了,我还没来得及打电话给 任何人 117. We have made little progress. 我们几乎没有进步 118. I looked for the book on the desk but it was nowhere. 我寻找书桌上的书,但是没找到。 119. Have you seen Tom recently? 你最近有没有看见汤姆? 120. I think the picture shows us how fruits are necessary to life. 我想这幅图是告诉我们水果是生活中不 可缺的。 121. I hurried to my office. 我匆忙赶到了办公室。 122. This box can hold more books than that one. 这个箱子比那个箱子能装更多的书。 123. Promise me never to be late again. 答应我别再迟到。 124. You and your team can discover the answers to problems together. 你和你的团队能一起找到问题的答 案。 125. The doctor said there was nothing wrong with his eyes. 医生说他的眼睛没有毛病 126. Nothing in the world moves faster than light. 世界上没有东西比光的速度更快 127. He doesn't know what life means to him. 他不知道人生的意义 128. The more money I make, the happier I will be. 赚的钱越多,我就会越快乐 129. I was too excited to say a word in front of him. 我当时太兴奋了,以至于在他面前哑口无言 130. When she left school, she went first to Britain. 在她毕业后,她先去了英国。 131. But competitive swimming is just over one hundred years old. 但是游泳比赛只有一百多年的历史 132. Everyone was in bed except me. 除了我,所有人都上床睡觉了 133. I'll write to you as soon as I get there. 我一到那儿就给你写信 134. I'm going to visit a friend of mine this Sunday. 这个周日我计划去看我的一个朋友。 135. Some football teams will have games there.有几支足球队要在那里进行比赛。 136. Are you fond of music? 你喜欢音乐吗? 137. They are ordinary people, but did a great job.他们是普通人,却干了一件大事。 138. How long have you collected your stamps? 你集邮有多久了? 139. I'll call you as soon as I arrive.我一到就给你打电话。 140. My classmate is more clever than I.我的同学比我聪明。 141.He has a foreign friend who lives in America.他有一个住在美国的外国朋友。 142. I'm not an English major student.我不是英语专业的学生。 143. He is sweating all over.他出了一身汗。 144. The price of gasoline will come down in Chinese market.中国市场上的汽油价将会下降。 145. Don't you think smoking is harmful to your health? 你不认为抽烟对你的身体有害吗? 146. You can buy water inside.你可以在里面买水喝。 147. This one's pretty, but it costs too much.这个很漂亮,但是很贵。 148. It's their duty to look after these young trees.他们的责任是照看这些小树。
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149. She begins cooking as soon as she gets home.她每天一到家就开始做饭 150. She looks lovely when she is happy.她高兴的时候看起来很可爱。 151. Li Bai is one of the greatest poets that have ever lived in China.李白是中国有史以来最伟大的诗人 之一 152. Just because you like, it doesn't mean I will.你喜欢它,并不意味我也会喜欢。 153. This street will be widened.这条大街将要加宽。 154. She likes Mike a lot, but she doesn't want to get married so early.她喜欢迈克,但她不想那么早就结 婚。 155. He keeps looking at himself in the mirror.他老是照镜子。 156. Travel broadens the mind.旅行可以开阔眼界。 157. I look forward to hearing from you.我期待着收到您的回信。 158. You ought not to smoke so much.你不应该抽这么多的烟。 159. A teacher should have patience in his work. 当老师应当有耐心。 160. The cause of the fire was carelessness.起火的原因是不谨慎。 161. Open the window and let the fresh air in.打开窗户让新鲜空气进来。 162. She is used to living in the countryside.她习惯住在乡下。 163. Tom likes playing basket-ball but he can't play well.汤姆喜欢打篮球,但他打得不好。 164. How do you spell your last name? 你的姓是如何拼写的? 165. The old man is in his late sixties. 老人近七十岁。 166. My grandpa is used to getting up early.我爷爷习惯早起。 167. Our library is as big as theirs.我们的图书馆和他们的一样大。 168. My problem is that I don't have much time to do the work.我的问题在于我没有多少时间干这工作。 169. He was too tired to go on reading.他太困了,无法再阅读了。 170. I'm thinking about a visit to Paris. 我在考虑去巴黎旅游。 171. Go down this street until you reach the second traffic lights.顺着这条街走,一直走到第二个交通灯 处。

第六部分 作文
精简作文 10 篇,有基础的可以背诵以下范文,学会套用,没基础的就用 WORD 翻译写短句。一篇文章 可以套用在多种场合。相同的文章,记忆时只记忆一篇即可 1. On TV Ads(论电视广告)/My view on the Negative Effects of Some Advertisements(广告的负面影响) Nowadays there are a lot of false advertisements in society. They have caused much harm to society. Generally, their negative effects can be listed as follows. First, they exaggerate the functions of the goods they advertise and mislead consumers. Second, some advertisements contain bad contents and bring about spiritual pollution. Third, they seriously damage the credit of businesses because the shops which sell those goods will be distrusted by consumers. In conclusion, false advertisements must be got rid of in our society. 2. My favorite means of getting information(我最喜爱的获取信息的手段) Nowadays we have a great number of means of getting information. Libraries provide us with books, while Internet offers us information resources. My favorite means of getting information is surfing the Internet. It enables me to search what I want within just a few seconds. In addition, when we meet with some problems, we can go to Baidu to ask for help, and we can often get satisfying answers. Internet helps me really a lot. It’s my favorite way of getting information. I enjoy searching information through Internet. 3. Friendship(友谊) Friendship is a kind of human relations. It is a human instinct to make friends. When in trouble, we need friends to offer us help, support and encouragement. With success achieved, we also need friends to share our joys. Friendship is one of the greatest pleasures that we can enjoy. It implies loyalty, cordiality, sympathy, affection,
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and readiness to help. In short, when we have established friendship, we ought to cherish and treasure it. Only thus, can we develop real friendship and keep the sacred lamp of friendship burning all our life. 4. My Best Friend(我最好的朋友) I have a best friend named Li Ning, whose English name is Wilson. He is 25 years old now. We’ve been friends since we were in primary school. He is a kind person who is always ready to help others. He presently works with a joint-venture company, which has cooperative relations with the company I serve. Therefore, we have many opportunities to meet each other frequently to talk about both our work and our life. Because we both like traveling very much, if we are free, we will travel together at least once a year. I hope we will be good friends forever. 5. My Ideal Job(我理想的工作)/ The Job I Like(我喜欢的工作) I like to be a teacher. Three reasons have led me to choose this job. First, teaching is learning. To make my lectures more constructive and stimulating, I have to read more books, explore new knowledge and gain a better understanding of the world, which is the very thing I enjoy in my life. Second, teaching means freedom and independence. As a teacher, I’m free to use my own ideas and make my own decisions. Finally, I like teaching because it offers certain peace of mind. All in all, the reasons above make me like teaching best. 6. Newspapers 论报纸 I read newspapers every day. As a student, I have no time to watch news programs on TV. Besides, watching television takes up a lot of time. So reading the newspaper becomes the only way for me to learn about what's happening around the world. There is an old Chinese saying, "A scholar need not leave his home to know what’s going on in the world." Thus, reading the newspaper is a must for those who wish to keep up with the times. 7. Happy Things in my Childhood 童年趣事 There are many happy things in my Childhood. I still remember the good old days when I play with my family. When I was 10 years old, my father took me to Hong Kong to see my aunt. This was my first visit to Hong Kong. During my stayed there, I went to the famous Ocean Park and the Hong Kong Disneyland. My aunt was very excited and we all had a good time. This travel became the happiest things in my childhood. 8. Water Pollution 水污染/Water and Life 水与生活 Everybody knows that water pollution is a serious problem in the world. Lots of rubbish or chemical pollutants have been thrown in the rivers, lakes and seas. Many of them are getting dirtier and dirtier. Fish have died in the water, and people get sick after drinking polluted water. My grandfather says, when he was very little, the water in the river was very clean. He often swam in the river with his friends. But now we can’t see such clean rivers. Let’s protect the water from pollution, because we can’t live without water. The water is really important to us all. 9.你的朋友邀请你参加他/她的生日聚会,告诉对方你不能接受他/她的邀请 Dear Lisa, Congratulations on your coming birthday. Thanks for your invitation, but I am sorry that I am afraid I am not able to attend your birthday party. You know, our company will hold an important meeting in our Paris branch to talk about the recent trouble appearing in business. I am the one who needs to make a presentation. I am terribly sorry for that. Anyway, I hope everything goes well in your birthday party. Remember to show me the pictures taken in the party when I come back from business trip. Best regards! Yours ever Susan 10. My Plan for the National Day Holiday(我的国庆假期计划) National Holiday is coming. There are altogether 7 days, so I need to plan it in advance. Firstly, I plan to have a good rest for the first 2 days when I can have a good sleep and don’t worry to get up late, and then do a good cleaning of the home. Secondly, I would go to Zhouzhuang, a traditional southern town with my husband for a 2 days’ trip. I hope I like it. Thirdly, I would fly to Beijing to attend my classmate’s wedding. These above are my plans for the National Holiday.
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温馨提醒: 对于英语基础较差的同学,作文可采用背模板的方法应对。以下模板仅适用于英语书面表达较 差,到目前为止看到题目仍然无从下笔的同学。实属考前临时抱佛脚的无奈之举。基础较好的 同学,请按照题目要求与提示正常完成写作。

写作注意事项:
1、 无论如何要写够字数 80 词 2、 如果实在无法写出完整的符合语法的句子,可以按题目提示的中文顺序罗列你所知道的英 文单词 3、 一时想不起如何拼写的英文单词,可以到阅读理解等题目中查找。

万能模板 1: (适用所有作文类型) The topic of 此处抄写作文题目 is becoming more and more popular recently. It is my thinking about this topic below. This First point is very important. 此处翻译题目的中文提示 1(如果实在不会写,可抄写阅读 理解中的句子两到三个凑数,如能做适当修改更好) This Second point is important, too. 此处翻译题目的中文提示 2(如果实在不会写,可抄写阅 读理解中的句子两到三个凑数,如能做适当修改更好) So I believe that we should pay more and more attention to this topic from now on. 万能模板 2: (适用所有作文类型) I think it is very important to understand 此处抄写作文题目. Why? That’s because many people don’t understand it well enough nowadays. For one thing, 此处翻译题目的中文提示 1(如果实在不会写,可抄写阅读理解中的意义有关 联的句子两到三个凑数,如能做适当修改更好) For another, 此处翻译题目的中文提示 2(如果实在不会写,可抄写阅读理解中的意义有关联 的句子两到三个凑数,如能做适当修改更好) It is my point of view about 此处抄写作文题目 above. Let’s pay more and more attention to this together from now on. 万能模板 3: (适用所有作文类型) I think 此处抄写作文题目 is an interesting topic. Many people around me are talking about this. In my opinion, we should understand 此处抄写作文题目 like this. First, 此处翻译题目的中文提示 1(如果实在不会写,可抄写阅读理解中的意义有关联的句 子两到三个凑数,如能做适当修改更好) Second, 此处翻译题目的中文提示 2(如果实在不会写,可抄写阅读理解中的意义有关联的 句子两到三个凑数,如能做适当修改更好) In conclusion, let’s pay more and more attention to this together from now on. 万能模板 4: (适用信件类作文) Dear **, How is everything getting along with you? It is such a long time since we met last time. I missed you very much. What have you been doing all these days? 此段翻译题目的中文提示 1。 (如果实在不会写,可抄写阅读理解中的句子两到三个凑数,如 能做适当修改更好)
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此段翻译题目的中文提示 2。 (如果实在不会写,可抄写阅读理解中的句子两到三个凑数,如 能做适当修改更好) I am looking forward to your reply. My best wishes. Yours, Li Hua

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