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专四历年真题(2010-2014)及答案


QUESTION BOOKLET TEST FOR ENGLISH MAJORS (2013) —GRADE FOUR—

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TIME LIMIT: 135 MIN

PART I

DICTATION

[15 MIN]

Listen to the following passage. Altogether the passage will be read to you four times. During the first reading, which will be done at normal speed, listen and try to understand the meaning. For the second and third readings, the passage will be read sentence by sentence, or phrase by phrase, with intervals of 15 seconds. The last reading will be done at normal speed again and during this time you should check your work. You will then be given 2 minutes to check through your work once more.

Please write the whole passage on ANSWER SHEET ONE.

PART II

LISTENING COMPREHENSION

[20 MIN]

In Sections A, B and C you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the best answer to each question on Answer Sheet Two.

SECTION A

CONVERSATIONS

In this section you will hear several conversations. Listen to the conversations carefully and then answer the questions that follow.

Questions 1 to 3 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions.

Now, listen to the conversation.

1.

According to the conversation, an example of ―Christmas trimmings‖ could be A. presents. B. fruits. C. sauce. D. meat.

2.

A Christmas lunch would include all the following EXCEPT A. roast turkey. B. sweet potatoes. C. meat. D. carrots.

3.

Why did Helen come to Rob‘s house? A. She wanted to talk to Rob. B. She had come to help Rob. C. She had been invited to lunch. D. She was interested in cooking. Questions 4 to 7 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation,

you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the conversation. 4. Why did the woman phone the club? A. She wanted to know more about it. B. She was a new comer and felt lonely. C. She wanted to learn a new language. D. She was interested in social activities. 5. We learn from the conversation that the club A. mainly organizes language activities. B. accepts members from local students. C. has been set up for a long time. D. is increasing its membership. 6. According to the conversation, the woman might come to practice German on A. Wednesday. B. Tuesday. C. Monday. D. Friday.

7.

What is the man going to do after the conversation? A. Call up the woman for her address. B. Wait for the woman to call him again. C. Mail the woman some information. D. Wait for the woman to pick up a form. Questions 8 to 10 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation,

you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the conversation. 8. According to the woman, what actually makes her job difficult? A. Difficult questions from interviewees. B. Embarrassing requests from interviewees. C. Lack of professional background. D. Lack of interviewing skills. 9. The woman uses all the following adjectives when talking about attending job fairs EXCEPT A. prospective. B. useful. C. important. D. tiring. 10. We learn from the conversation that the woman A. works better at job fairs. B. prefers honest people. C. often works on her own. D. is experienced in her work.

SECTION B

PASSAGES

In this section, you will hear several passages. Listen to the passages carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Questions 11 to 13 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage.

11. According to today's weather forecast, which part of Europe has dry weather? A. Scandinavian mountains. B. Northwestern Europe. C. Northern Europe. D. Southern Europe. 12. In which part of Europe does the weather stay both fine and cool? A. Southern Europe. B. Northern Europe. C. Eastern Europe. D. Northwestern Europe. 13. In which region will the weather change tomorrow? A. Northern parts of the Mediterranean. B. Eastern parts of the Mediterranean. C. Central parts of the Mediterranean. D. Southern parts of the Mediterranean. Questions 14 to 17 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage. 14. According to the passage, what benefit can technology bring to people? A. Closer contact with modern devices. B. Greater changes in social organization. C. Better understanding of mass media. D. More useful information to better their life. 15. The speaker questions about everybody's access to technological advances. The main reason is A. illiteracy. B. poverty. C. food shortage. D. ignorance. 16. According to the UN plan, all the following will be achieved within ten years EXCEPT A. giving everyone a radio or TV. B. starting to carry out the scheme in ten years. C. offering internet service to more people. D. providing more job opportunities.

17. What could be the topic of the passage? A. Growth in telecommunications. B. Technology and the developing world. C. Education and medical care. D. Building an information society. Questions 18 to 20 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage. 18. People in Latin America wear something __________ to express their hopes for wealth in the New Year. A. new B. red C. white D. yellow 19. Which of the following New Year‘s traditions signals friendship? A. Throwing old dishes. B. Wearing something red. C. Wearing something white. D. Eating round fruits. 20. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as one's own New Year's tradition? A. Watching TV at home. B. Going to bed early. C. Visiting friends. D. Running and shouting outside.

SECTION C

NEWS BROADCAST

In this section, you will hear several news items. Listen to them carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Questions 21 and 22 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news.

21. What is happening to the schools in Fairfax County this school year? A. 15 schools have started social studies. B. 15 schools have used digital textbooks. C. Students are ready to use electronic resources. D. Digital textbooks are used for social studies. 22. With digital textbooks, schools have saved about __________ million dollars. A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4 Questions 23 and 24 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news. 23. Who found the suspicious item at the airport? A. TSA agents. B. FBI agents. C. The police. D. Passengers. 24. Which of the following statements is INCORRECT? A. The terminal was closed temporarily afterwards. B. There was a thorough search inside the airport. C. Passengers at the airport were safe and sound. D. The security authorities identified the explosives. Questions 25 and 26 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news. 25. According to the news item, doctors use art therapy to treat the following problems EXCEPT A. alcohol abuse. B. smoking. C. depression. D. schizophrenia.

26. Why did doctors introduce art therapy in the first place? A. To prevent patients from smoking. B. To better understand patients. C. To get patients occupied. D. To teach patients some skills. Question 27 and 28 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news. 27. What is the main purpose of the new rules? A. To reduce the number of pilots on duty. B. To prevent pilots from working overtime. C. To ensure an adequate amount of sleep. D. To fix the amount of work for each pilot. 28. The Independent Pilots Association was unhappy about the new rules because they A. had only covered cargo plane pilots. B. had failed to cover all the pilots. C. would be put into effect in two years. D. would be too costly if implemented. Questions 29 and 30 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news. 29. Why is increase in livestock production necessary? A. Because livestock production is highly efficient. B. Because more people will become wealthier. C. Because it may help double food production. D. Because it has fewer ecological risks. 30. What does the word ―challenge‖ mean in the news item? A. Balance between human survival and ecology. B. Conflict between less land and more production. C. Difference between present and future needs. D. Calls by environmental critics to consume less meat.

PART III

CLOZE

[15 MIN]

Decide which of the choices given below would best complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the best choice for each blank on Answer Sheet Two.

Everyone knows that taxation is necessary in a modern state: without

31. A. can B. may C. could D. would

it, it (31) ______ not be possible to pay the soldiers and policemen who

32. A. nor B. neither C. never D. not

protect us; (32) ______ the workers in government offices who (33) ______

33. A. look into B. look over C. look after

our health, our food, our water, and all the other things that we cannot do for

D. look through 34. A. In accordance with B. By means of C. With reference to

ourselves. (34) ______ taxation, we pay for things that we need just (35)

D. On account of 35. A. as well as B. as good as C. as such as

______ we need somewhere to live and something to eat. But (36) ______

D. as much as 36. A. if B. when

everyone knows that taxation is necessary, different people have different

C. though D. as 37. A. when B. how

ideas about (37) ______ taxation should be arranged.

C. why D. which

In most countries, a direct tax on (38) ______, which is called income

38. A. persons B. sectors C. communities D. classes

tax, (39) ______. It is arranged in such (40) ______ that the poorest people

39. A. remains B. stays C. exists D. happens

pay nothing, and the percentage of tax grows (41) ______ as the taxpayer's

40. A. form B. way C. measure D. method

income grows. In some countries, for example, the tax on the richest people

41. A. quicker B. speedier C. more

(42) ______ as high as ninety-five per cent!

D. larger 42. A. grows up B. increases up C. goes up

(43) ______ countries with taxation nearly (44) ______ have indirect

D. lifts up 43. A. But B. Consequently C. Similarly

taxation too. Many things imported into the country have to pay taxes or

D. And 44. A. periodically B. almost

―duties.‖ Of course, it is the men and women who buy these imported things

C. often D. always 45. A. which B. who

in the shops (45) ______ really have to pay the duties, in the (46) ______ of

C. what D. whom

higher prices. In some countries, (47) ______, there is a tax on things sold in

46. A. manner B. form C. means D. way

the shops. If the most necessary things are taxed, a lot of money is (48)

47. A. either B. also C. too D. often

______ but the poor people suffer most. If unnecessary things (49) ______

48. A. lent B. saved C. borrowed

jewels and fur coats are taxed, less money is obtained but the tax is (50)

D. collected 49. A. alike B. like C. as

______, as the rich pay it.

D. for 50. A. heavier B. fairer C. finer D. better

PART IV

GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY

[15 MIN]

There are thirty sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Mark your answers on Answer Sheet Two. 51. Facing the board of directors, he didn‘t deny __________ breaking the agreement. A. him B. it C. his D. its

52. Xinchun returned from aboard a different man. The italicized part functions as a (n) __________. A. appositive (同位语) B. object C. adverbial D. complement.

53. Which of the following is a compound word (复合词)? A. Nonsmoker. B. Deadline. C. Meanness. D. Misfit.

54. Which of the following sentences contains subjunctive mood? A. Lucy insisted that her son get home before 5 o‘clock? B. She used to drive to work, but now she takes the city metro. C. Walk straight ahead, and don't turn till the second traffic lights. D. Paul will cancel his flight if he cannot get his visa by Friday.

55. The following determiners(限定词) can be used with both plural and uncountable nouns EXCEPT A. more. B. enough. C. many. D. such.

56. Which of the italicized parts indicates CONTRAST? A. She opened the door and quietly went in. B. Victoria likes music and Sam is fond of sports. C. Think it over again and you‘ll get an answer. D. He is somewhat arrogant, and I don't like this.

57. Which of the following CANNOT be used as a nominal substitute(名词替代词)? A. Much. B. Neither. C. One. D. Quarter. 58. All the following sentences definitely indicate future time EXCEPT A. Mother is to have tea with Aunt Betty at four. B. The President is coming to the UN next week, C. The school pupils will be home by now. D. He is going to email me the necessary information. 59. Which of the following sentences is grammatically INCORRECT? A. Politics are the art or science of government. B. Ten miles seems like a long walk to me. C. Mumps is a kind of infectious disease. D. All the furniture has arrived undamaged. 60. Which of in the following phrases indicates a subject-predicate relationship? A. The arrival of the tourists B. The law of Newton C. The occupation of the island D. The plays of Oscar Wilde 61. Which of the following italicized parts serves as an appositive? A. He is not the man to draw back. B. Tony hit back the urge to tell a lie. C. Larry has a large family to support. D. There is really nothing to fear. 62. Which of the following is NOT an imperative sentence? A. Let me drive you home, shall I? B. You will mind your own business! C. Come and have dinner with us. D. I wish you could stay behind.

63. If it _______ tomorrow, the match would be put off. A. were to rain B. was to rain C. was raining D. had rained

64. Which of the following sentences expresses a fact? A. Mary and her son must be home by now. B. Careless reading must give poor results. C. It‘s getting late, and I must leave now. D. He must be working late at the office.

65. The following are all dynamic verbs(动态动词) EXCEPT A. remain. B. turn. C. write. D. knock.

66. __________ to school life was less difficult than the pupil had expected. A. Adhering B. Adopting C. Adjusting D. Acquainting

67. He is fed up with the same old dreary routine, and wants to quit his job. The underlined part means __________. A. dull B. boring C. long D. hard

68. At last night‘s party Larry said something that I though was beyond me. The underlined part means __________. A. I was unable to do C. I was unable to stop B. I couldn‘t understand D. I couldn‘t tolerate

69. The couple __________their old house and sold it for a vast profit. A. did for B. did in C. did with D. did up

70. Sally contributed a lot to the project, but she never once accepted all the __________ for herself. A. credit B. attention C. focus D. award

71. The child nodded, apparently content with his mother‘s promise. The underlined part means __________. A. as far as one has learnt C. as far as one can see B. as far as one is concerned D. as far as one is told

72. The __________ that sport builds character is well accepted by people nowadays. A. issue B. argument C. point D. sentence

73. Everyone in the office knows that Melinda takes infinite care over her work. The underlined part means __________. A. limited B. unnecessary C. overdue D. much

74. The new measure will reduce the chance of serious injury in the event of an accident. The underlined part means __________. A. if an accident happens C. before an accident B. if an accident can be prevented D. during an accident

75. Traditionally, local midwives would __________ all the babies in the area. A. handle B. produce C. deliver D. help

76. No food or drink is allowed on the premises. The underlined part means __________. A. proposition B. advertisement C. building D. string

77. The court would not accept his appeal unless __________ evidence is provided. A. conclusive B. definite C. eventual D. concluding

78. As soon as he opened the door, a __________ of cold air swept through the house. A. flow B. movement C. rush D. blast

79. She really wanted to say something at the meeting, but eventually __________ from it. A. prevented B. refrained C. limited D. restricted

80. The couple told the decorator that they wanted their bedroom gaily painted. The underlined part means __________. A. brightly B. light-heartedly C. cheerfully D. lightly

PART V

READING COMPREHENSION

[25 MIN]

In this section there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the best answer. Mark your answers on Answer Sheet Two. TEXT A The art of public speaking began in ancient Greece over 2,000 years ago. Now, twitter, instant messaging, e-mail, blogs and chat forums offer rival approaches to communication — but none can replace the role of a great speech. The spoken word can handle various vital functions: persuading or inspiring, informing, paying tribute, entertaining, or simply introducing someone or something or accepting something. Over the past year, the human voice has helped guide us over the ups and downs of what was certainly a stormy time. Persuasion is used in dealing with or reconciling different points of view. When the leaders met in Copenhagen in December 2009, persuasive words from activists encouraged them to commit themselves to firmer action. Inspirational speeches confront the emotions. They focus on topics and matters that are close to people's hearts. During wars, generals used inspiring speeches to prepare the troops for battle. A speech that conveys knowledge and enhances understanding can inform us. The information must be clear, accurate, and expressed in a meaningful and interesting way. When the H1N1 pandemic (流行病) was announced, the idea of ―swine flu‖ (猪流感) scared many people. Informative speeches from World Health Organization officials helped people to keep their panic under control so they could take sensible precautions. Sad events are never easy to deal with but a speech that pays tribute to the loss of a loved one and gives praise for their contribution can be comforting. Madonna's speech about Michael Jackson, after his death, highlighted the fact that he will continue to live on through his music. It's not only in world forums where public speaking plays an important role. It can also be surprisingly helpful in the course of our own lives.

If you‘re taking part in a debate you need to persuade the listeners of the soundness of your argument. In sports, athletes know the importance of a pep talk (鼓舞士气的讲话) before a match to inspire teammates. You yourself may be asked to do a presentation at college or work to inform the others about an area of vital importance. On a more personal level, a friend may be upset and need comforting. Or you might be asked to introduce a speaker at a family event or to speak at a wedding, where your language will be needed to move people or make them laugh. Great speaking ability is not something we're born with. Even Barack Obama works hard to perfect every speech. For a brilliant speech, there are rules that you can put to good use. To learn those rules you have to practice and learn from some outstanding speeches in the past.

81. The author thinks the spoken word is still irreplaceable because A. it has always been used to inspire or persuade people. B. it has a big role to play in the entertainment business. C. it plays important roles in human communication. D. it is of great use in everyday-life context. 82. Which of the following statements is INCORRECT about the role of public speaking? A. Speeches at world forums can lead to effective solutions to world problems. B. Speeches from medical authorities can calm people down in times of pandemics. C. The morale of soldiers before a battle can be boosted by senior officers' speeches. D. Speeches paying tribute to the dead can comfort the mourners. 83. Public speaking can play all the following roles EXCEPT A. to convince people in a debate. B. to inform people at a presentation. C. to advise people at work. D. to entertain people at a wedding. 84. According to the passage, which of the following best explains the author's view on ―great speaking ability‖? A. It comes from observing rules. B. It can be perfected with easy effort. C. It can be acquired from birth. D. It comes from learning and practice.

85. What is the main idea of the passage? A. Public speaking in international forums. B. The many uses of public speaking. C. Public speaking in daily life context. D. The rules of public speaking. TEXT B Every business needs two things, says Skullcandy CEO Rick Alden: inspiration and desperation. In 2001, Alden had both. He'd sold two snowboarding businesses, and he was desperately bored. But he had an idea: He wanted to make a new kind of headphone. ―I kept seeing people missing their cell phone calls because they were listening to music,‖ he explains. Then I'm in a chairlift (索道) , I've got my headphones on, and I realize my phone is ringing. As 1 take my gloves off and reach for my phone, I think, ―It can't be that tough to make headphones with two plugs, one for music and one for your cell phone.‖ Alden described what he wanted to a designer, perfected a prototype, and outsourced(外包) manufacturing overseas. Alden then started designing headphones into helmets, backpacks - anywhere that would make it easy to listen to music while snowboarding. ―Selling into board and skate shops wasn't a big research effort,‖ he explains. ―Those were the only guys I knew!‖ Alden didn‘t want to be a manufacturer. And by outsourcing, he'd hoped he could get the business off the ground without debt. But he was wrong. So he asked his wife, ―Can I put a mortgage(抵押贷款) on the house? She said, ?What is the worst thing that can happen? We lose the house, we sell our cars, and we start all over again.‘ I definitely married the right woman!‖ For the next two years, Alden juggled mortgage payments and payments to his manufacturers. ―Factories won't ship your product till they get paid,‖ he says. ―But it takes four or five months to get a mortgage company so upset that they knock on your door. So we paid the factory first.‖ Gradually, non-snowboarders began to notice the colorful headphones. In 2006, the company started selling them in 1,400 FYE (For Your Entertainment) stores. ―We knew that nine out often people walking into that store would be learning about Skullcandy for the first time. Why would they look at brands they knew and take home a new brand instead? We had agreed to buy back anything we didn‘t sell, but we were dealing with huge numbers. It‘d kill

us to take back all the products.‖ Alden‘s fears faded as Skullcandy became the No. 1 headphone selle r in those stores and tripled its revenue to $120 million in one year. His key insight was that headphones weren‘t gadgets; they were a fashion accessory. ―In the beginning,‖ he says, ―that little white wire that said you had an iPod—that was cool. But now wearing the white bud means you‘re just like everyone else. Headphones occupy this critical piece of cranial real estate and are highly visible.‖ Today, Skullcandy is America's second-largest headphone supplier, after Sony. With 79 employees, the company is bigger than Alden ever imagined. 86. Alden came up with the idea of a new kind of headphone because he A. was no longer in snowboarding business. B. had no other business opportunities. C. was very fond of modern music. D. saw an inconvenience among mobile users.

87. The new headphone was originally designed for A. snowboarders. B. motorcyclists. C. mountain hikers. D. marathon runners.

88. Did Alden solve the money problem? A. He sold his house and his cars. B. Factories could ship products before being paid. C. He borrowed money from a mortgage company. D. He borrowed money from his wife's family.

89. What did Alden do to promote sales in FYE stores? A. He spent more money on product advertising. B. He promised to buy back products not sold. C. He agreed to sell products at a discount. D. He improved the colour design of the product.

90. Alden sees headphones as A. a sign of self-confidence. B. a symbol of status. C. part of fashion. D. a kind of device.

TEXT C I was standing in my kitchen wondering what to have for lunch when my friend Taj called. ―Sit down,‖ she said. I thought she was going to tell me she had just gotten the haircut from hell. I laughed and said, ―It can't be that bad.‖ But it was. Before the phone call, I had 30 years of retirement saving in a ―safe‖ fund with a brilliant financial guru(金融大亨).When I put down the phone, my savings were gone. I felt as if I had died and, for some unknown reason, was still breathing. Since Bernie Madoff‘s arrest on charges of running a $65 million Ponzi scheme, I‘ve read many articles about how we investors should have known what was going on. I wish I could say I had reservations about Madoff before ―the Call‖, but I did not. On New Year‘s Eve, three weeks after we lost our savings, six of us M adoff people gathered at Taj's house for dinner. As we were sitting around the table, someone asked, ―If you could have your money back right now, but it would mean giving up what you have learned by losing it, would you take the money or would you take what losing the money has given you?‖ My husband was still in financial shock. He said, ―I just want the money back.‖ I wasn't certain where I stood. I knew that losing our money had cracked me wide open. I‘d been walking around like what the Buddhists call a hungry ghost: always focused on the bite that was yet to come, not the one in my mouth. No matter how much I ate or had or experienced, it didn‘t satisfy me, because I wasn‘t really taking it in, wasn't absorbing it. Now I was forced to pay attention. Still, I couldn't honestly say that if someone had offered me the money back, I would turn it down. But the other four all said that what they were seeing about themselves was incalculable, and they didn‘t think it would have become apparent without the ground of financial stability being ripped out from underneath them.

My friend Michael said, ―I‘d started to get complacent. It‘s as if the muscles of my heart started to atrophy(萎缩). Now they‘re awake, alive—and I don‘t want to go back.‖ These weren‘t just empty words. Michael and his wife needed to take in boarders to meet their expenses. Taj was so broke that she was moving into someone‘s garage apartment in three weeks. Three friends had declared bankruptcy and weren't sure where or how they were going to live.

91. What did the author learn from Taj‘s call? A. had got an awful haircut. B. They had lost their retirement savings. C. Taj had just retired from work. D. They were going to meet for lunch.

92. How did the author feel in the following weeks? A. Angry. B. Disappointed. C. Indifferent. D. Desperate.

93. According to the passage, to which was she ―forced to pay attention‖? A. Her friends. B. Her husband. C. Her lost savings. D. Her experience.

94. Which of the following statements is CORRECT about her friends? A. Her friends valued their experience more. B. Her friends felt the same as she did. C. Her friends were in a better financial situation. D Her friends were more optimistic than she.

95. What is the message of the passage? A. Desire for money is human nature. B. One has to be decisive during crises.

C. Understanding gained is more important than money lost. D. It is natural to see varied responses to financial crises.

TEXT D In the 19th century, there used to be a model of how to be a good person. There are all these torrents of passion flowing through you. Your job, as captain of your soul, is to erect dams to keep these passions in check. Your job is to just say no to laziness, lust, greed, drug use and the other sins. These days that model is out of fashion. You usually can‘t change your behaviour by simply resolving to do something. Knowing what to do is not the same as being able to do it. Your willpower is not like a dam that can block the torrent of self-indulgence. It's more like a muscle, which tires easily. Moreover, you're a social being. If everybody around you is overeating, you‘ll probably do so, too. The 19th-century character model was based on an understanding of free will. Today, we know that free will is bounded. People can change their lives, but ordering change is not simple because many things, even within ourselves, are beyond our direct control. Much of our behaviour, for example, is guided by unconscious habits. Researchers at Duke University calculated that more than 40 percent of the actions we take are governed by habit, not actual decisions. Researchers have also come to understand the structure of habits—cue, routine, reward. You can change your own personal habits. If you leave running shorts on the floor at night, that'll be a cue to go running in the morning. Don‘t try to ignore your afternoon snack craving. Every time you feel the cue for a snack, insert another routine. Take a walk. Their research thus implies a different character model, which is supposed to manipulate the neural(神经系统的)networks inside. To be an effective person, under this model, you are supposed to coolly examine your own unconscious habits, and the habits of those under your care. You are supposed to devise strategies to alter the cues and routines. Every relationship becomes slightly manipulative, including your relationship with yourself. You're trying to arouse certain responses by implanting certain cues. This is a bit disturbing, because the important habitual neural networks are not formed by mere routine, nor can they be reversed by clever cues. They are burned in by emotion and strengthened by strong yearnings, like the yearnings for admiration and righteousness.

If you think you can change your life in a clever way, the way an advertiser can get you to buy an air freshener, you‘re probably wrong. As the Victorians understood, if you want to change your life, don‘t just look for a clever cue. Commit to some larger global belief.

96. Which of the following is a key element in the 19th-century character model? A. Passion. B. Action. C. Capability. D. Determination.

97. The 19th-century model supposedly does not work because A. there were many other factors beyond one's control. B. it has worked unsatisfactorily most of the time. C. the comparison of free will to a dam is groundless. D. what one wishes to do should be considered carefully.

98. What is the main implication of the research at Duke University? A. Habit is key to one's behaviour. B. One‘s behaviour is difficult to change. C. Both habit and will power are important. D. Habit has an unidentified structure.

99. According to the new character model, personal behaviour could be altered through A. cues to stop all the former unconscious habits. B. cues to manipulate the habitual neural responses. C. techniques to devise different physical cues. D. techniques to supplement old routines.

100. We learn from the passage that the new character model A. stresses the neural and psychological aspects of habit change. B. can bring about changes in one's life like what advertisers do. C. has been used to change behaviour successfully. D. deals better with emotional aspects of behaviour.

PART VI
SECTION A

WRITING
COMPOSITION

[45 MIN]
[35 MIN]

Most of us, as students, are careful with our money in daily life: we collect all kinds of coupons(优惠券); we look for group-buy deals if we eat out or travel; we don't buy clothes unless in a sale. However, some people think that all this may not make us smart consumers. What is your opinion? Write on ANSWER SHEET THREE a composition of about 200 words. You are to write in three parts. In the first part, state specifically what your opinion is. In the second part, provide one or two reasons or your experience (s) to support your opinion. In the last part, bring what you have written to a natural conclusion or make a summary. You should supply an appropriate title for your composition. Marks will be awarded for content, organization, language and appropriateness. Failure to follow the instructions may result in a loss of marks.

SECTION B

NOTE-WRITING

[10 MIN]

Write on ANSWER SHEET THREE a note of about 50-60 words based on the following situation: Your former high-school classmate (Mathew or Grace) is coming to visit you in the dorm. But, you have got something urgent to do and thus cannot wait for him/her there. Leave a note on the door, expressing your apology and telling him/her how to find you. You must make clear where you are in the note. Marks will be awarded for content, organization, language and appropriateness.

— THE END —

2013 年全国英语专业四级考试

PART I DICTATION
What is a dream for One theory is that we dream to release the deep, secret desires. We do not express these desires in real life because of the rules of polite society. Another theory is that dreams allow us to solve problems that we can‘t solve in real life. We go to sleep with a problem and wake up with the solution. This may be a way to use our dreams rather than a purpose of dreaming. If you believe that your dreams are important then analyzing them may help you to focus on the problem and help you to find the solution. The modern image is that dreams are the brain‘s way of cleaning up the computer ‘s hard disk. Dreams organize the events of the day into folders and delete what is not needed. But we all know that very little of what we dream is concerned with what happened to us that day.

考 答 案

PART II
1—5

LISTENING COMPREHENTION
ABCAD 6—10 ACDAB 21—25 DBADB 11—15 DCADA 26—30 CBBCA

16—20 BBDAC

PART III

CLOZE
36—40 CBACB 41—45 DCADB

31—35 DACBD 46—50 BCDBB

PART IV

GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY

51—55 CDBAC 56—60 BDCAA 61—65 BBACA 66—70 CABDA 71—75 CBDAC 76—80 CADBA PART 4 GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY 51. Facing the board of directors,he didn't deny __________ breaking the agreement. A. him B. it C. his D. its 解析:本题考查动名词的逻辑主语。动名词可以有自己的逻辑(意义)主语,一般可以用名 词所有格 Tom?s,代词宾格如 him(口语) ,书面语情况下一般用物主代词 his,their。本题 选 C,但我还是要吐槽,因为根本就不需要多此一举添加 his, he didn't deny breaking the agreement 完全正确,比原题要精简地道许多,从写作角度来看,his 根本是多余的,当然纯 粹考察语法的话选 C。 52. Xinchun returned from aboard a different man. The italicized part functions as a(n) _______. A. appositive(同位语) B. object C. adverbial D. complement. 解析:此题恐怕是最受争议的题目了,有人认为选 A,有人认为选 D。据目前来看,选 D, 具体讲解有待更新

53. Which of the following is a compound word (复合词)? A. Nonsmoker B. Deadline C.Meaness D. Misfit 解析:首先要知道什么是复合词。A compound is a word that consists of more than one free morpheme。所谓 morpheme 词素是最小的音义结合体,其最大的特点是不能再 被分割为更小的音义结合体。而 free morpheme 是指能独立存在使用的词素,bound morpheme 则是必须依附于其他单位的词素, 比如前缀后缀属于 bound morpheme,如 pre-,-ment,在单词 shipment 里,ship 就是 free morpheme,ment 则是 bound。因此四个选项里只有 deadline 是由两个 free morpheme 构成 (dead+line) ,其他三个都有 Bound morpheme 比如 non,ness,mis-等。 54. Which of the following sentences contains subjunctive mood? A. Lucy insisted that her son get home before 5 o'clock? B. She used to drive to work, but now she takes the city metro. C. Walk straight ahead, and don't turn till the second traffic lights. D. Paul will cancel his flight if he cannot get his visa by Friday. 解析: subjunctive mood 是指虚拟语气,四个选项里只有 A 的 insist 属于虚拟语气用法,其中 that 从句里省略了 should。 55.The-following determiners can be used with both plural and uncountable nouns EXCEPT A. m ore B. enough C.many D. such 解析:限定词的用法是近几年专四的热门考点,诸如 some,many,both,all,each 等用法究 竟如何还是希望大家多翻阅语法书和词典。这道题看似有点难度,也许你从来不知道哪个限 定词可以接名词复数和不可数名词,但好在备选项里每个单词你都可以去接名词试试就知道 了,比如 more money,more trees; enough money, enough trees; many money?, many trees; such big trees, such be havior.所以选 C。 56. Which of the italicized parts indicates CONTRAST? A. She opened the door and quietly went in. B. Victoria likes music and Sam is fond of sports. C. Think it over again and you'll get an answer. D. He is somewhat arrogant, and I don't like this. 解析:首先要明白 and 不一定表示并列。A,C 里的 and 表示先后;D 里的 and 表示递进;只 有 B 里的 and 表示对比。 57. Which of the following CANNOT be used as a nominal substitute(名词替代 词)? A. Much B. Neither C. One D. Quarter 解析:估计不少学生看到名词替代词这个术语,一开始都吓着了,因为压根没听说过,不过 对做这道题目倒无大碍,所谓名词替代词顾名思义就是指能代替名词或名词短语,避免重复 的词,英语里 one, ones,(the)same 等都是常见的。比如 There are good films as well as bad ones. 除此以外还有 the kind, the sort,比如 Slang disappears quickly, especially the juvenile sort.还有一些不定代词等比如 all, both, some, any enough, several, none, many, much, (a) few, (a) little, the other, others, another , either,neither 等,比如 Can you get me some nails? I need some. I don‘t want any more food. I‘ve had enough. 本题选 D, quarter 不是名词替代词。

58. All the following sentences definitely indicate future time EXCEPT A. Mother is to have tea with Aunt Betty at four. B. The President is coming to the UN next week, C. The school pupils will be home by now. D. He is going to email me the necessary information. 解析:这道题目有点意思,既考查时态,又考查 will 的用法,A/B/D 都是将来时的各种表达, 唯独 C 的 will,看似是将来时标志,其实不然,因为和 by now 矛盾,这里 will 的用法是指 you think something is true,表说话人自己的看法,比如 That will be Tim coming home now; Ask anyone and they will tell you the same thing. 本题选 C。 59. Which of the following sentences is grammatically INCORRECT? A. Politics are the art or sci ence of government. B. Ten miles seems like a long walk to me. C. Mumps is a kind of infectious disease. D. All the furniture has arrived undamaged. 解析:本题考查主谓一致(agreement) 。ten miles 看作整体单数,mumps 腮腺炎这个单词就是以 s 结尾的,不可数名词;furniture 在英语 里是不可数名词;A 里的 politics 并不是指政治,而是指政治学(political science),是不可数名词,但这个用法主要是英式英语。此外,politics 表示政治可以看作不可 数名词,也可以看作复数,比如 Politics have always interested me. 本题选 A。 60. Which of in the following phrases indicates a subject-predicate relationship? A. The arrival of the tourists B. The law of Newton C.The occupation of the island D. The plays of Oscar Wilde 解析:传统语法和现代句法学关于什么是 predicate 本身就不一样,题目的传统语法 predicate 指谓语,是对主语动作或状态的陈述或说明,指出“做什么” “是什么”或“怎么样” 。其次, 说实话,我手上所有图书查不到相关语法点讲解 subject-predicate relationship,谷歌后也没有什么结果,但我知道是选 A,游客到来,只是我暂时找不出任何 可靠来源来解释。 61. Which of the following italicized parts serves as an appositive? A. He is not the man to draw back. B.Tony hit back the urge to tell a lie. C. Larry has a large family to support. D. There is really nothing to fear. 解析:又是同位语?!但是翻遍手上的各类参考书,都没有关于不定式 to 的同位语用法。四 个选项的用法在语法书里并没有做进一步区分,都成为不定式的定语用法,修饰名词。不过 还是可以看出不太一样的地方,A 中名词和不定式是动宾结构 the man draw back,C 和 D 都是不定式和名词构成动宾 to fear nothing, to support family;而唯独 B,urge(冲动)的内容就是指 to tell a lie 撒谎,故为同位语。 62. Which of the following is NOT an imperative sentence? A. Let me drive you home, shall I? B. You will mind your own business. C. Come and have dinner with us. D. I wish you could stay behind. 解析:花了点时间翻遍手头各类语法和用法图书,除了直接用动词打头,Do/Don't,You/其 他唤名+动词, let 类型外,均没有见到 D 的 wish 类型。 63. If it _______ tomorrow, the match would be put off.

A. were to rain B. was to rain C. was raining D. had rained 解析:最经典的 If 条件虚拟句,说的是将来,应该选 A. 64. Which of the following sentences expresses a fact? A. Mary and her son must be home by now. B. Careless reading must give poor results. C. It's getting late, and I must leave now. D. He must be working late at the office. 解析:很多人都以为选 B,其实应该选 C。A,B 和 D 都是推测,当然了 C 里说的 fact 其实 是指天色不早了。请注意 B,不要以为有了 must 就是 fact,情态动词再华丽还是表示情态, 说话人的态度观点,B 要改为 Careless reading gives poor results 才是 fact。 65. The following are all dynamic verbs(动态动词) EXCEPT A. remain B. turn C. write D. knock 解析:看到专四考这个题目,我只能呵呵。动态动词是指能够延续持续动作的,比如 hit,run 等,相反的则是 stative verb 静态动词,比如 know.现在进行时是常见检验手段。你不能说 I am knowing the answer,只能说 I know the answer,因此 know 是静态动词。同理,题目的 A 选项 remain 也是静态动词,其他都是动态动词。

PART V

READING COMPREHENTION
86—90 DACBC 91—95 BDDAC

81—85 CACDB 96—100 DAACA

PART VI
SECTION A

WRITING
The advantages of being careful with money in daily life

Nowadays, there is a hot debate on whether people, including students should be careful with their money in their daily life since they try their best to save money. Some people think it is not good to do so because this may not make people smart consumers. But in my eyes, the advantages of being careful with money in daily life outweigh the disadvantages. First, being careful with money is a virtue that can always benefit people. Being thrifty is of great help, especially when the economic status around the world is not very good and it becomes harder to earn money than before. A good habit of being careful with money will help many people go through this difficult period or any other difficult financial situation in their life. People with this awareness will think carefully before deciding to buy anything. For students, this awareness is also of great help since they mainly depend on their parents for financial supports. When they keep this awareness in their mind, they will definitely avoid wasting money. Secondly, being careful with money is, in fact, a good way of practicing how to manage one's money. In current society, it is necessary to learn something about finance. But theories are usually hard to learn. In contrast, most people can learn quickly by practicing. Being

careful with money means an efficient use of money, which, in essence, equals to part of the job of a financial planner. Being careful with money can teach people to make best use of their money. It is true that being too careful with money may have some disadvantages; for example, it may cause people to ignore other aspects of commodities. But overall this behavior is good and has its reality basis. Money-consciousness is always needed in the market-oriented economy.

SECTION B April 20 Dear Mathew, I'm writing to show my apology for being unable to wait for you in my dorm. I'm really sorry but I have something urgent to do. You can come to Room 1003, No. 3 Teaching Building to find me. The map on the back of the note will help you. I'll wait for you there. Yours, Tom

TEST FOR ENGLISH MAJORS(2012) GRADE FOUR TIME LIMIT:135 MlN PART I DICTATION [15 MIN] Listen to the following passage. Altogether the passage will be read to you four times. During the first reading, which will be done at normal speed, listen and try to understand the meaning.For the second and third readings, the passage will be read sentence by sentence, or phrase by phrase, with intervals of 15 seconds.The last reading will be done at normal speed again and during this time you should check your work.You will then be given 2 minutes to check through your work once more.Please write the whole passage on ANSWER SHEET ONE. PART II LISTENING COMPREHENSION [20 MIN] In Sections A, B and C you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow.Mark the best answer to each question on Answer Sheet Two. SECTION A CONVERSATIONS In this section you will hear several conversations.Listen to the conversations carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Questions l to 3 are based on the following conversation.At the end of the conversation, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions.Now, listen to the conversation. l.The Ethical Consumer Research Association will provide information to shoppers on A.product price. B.product quality. C.manufacturers. D.production methods. 2.According to the conversation,an ethical shopper should A.ask for others’advice before buying things. B.consider the worth of something to be bought. C.postpone buying things whenever possible. D.search for things that are less costly. 3.According to the conversation,ethical shoppers can be best described as A.shrewd. B.thrifty. C.extravagant. D.cautious. Questions 4 to 7 are based on the following conversation.At the end of the conversation,you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions.Now, listen to the conversation. 4.Which of the following statements is CORRECT about Mary? A.She is enjoying her language study. B.She is enjoying her management study. C.She is not feeling very well at the moment. D.She is not happy about her study pressure. 5.What does Mary think of the course initially? A.It is useful. B.It is difficult. C.It is challenging. D.It is interesting. 6.What is Mary‘s problem of living in a family house?

A.She dislikes the food she eats. B.She is unable to sleep well. C.She has no chance to make friends D.She finds the rent high. 7.Which of the following is Mr.Davies’advice? A.To try to make more friends. B.To try to change accommodation. C.To spend more time on English. D.To stop attending language classes. Questions 8 to 10 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions.Now, listen to the conversation. 8.According to the conversation,the day is special because A.many people are surfing the net on that day. B.it is an anniversary of the internet. C.the net brought about no changes until that day. D.big changes will take place on that day. 9.We learn from the conversation that people A.cannot Jive without the internet. B.cannot work without the internet. C.all use the internet to keep in touch. D.have varied opinions about internet use. 10.At the end of the conversation.the speakers talk about A.the future of the internet. B.the type of office furniture. C.when changes will come. D.how people will use the internet. SECTION B PASSAGES In this section,you will hear several passages.Listen to the passages carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Questions 11 to 13 are based on the following passage.At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions.Now, listen to the passage. 11.In order to open a bank account,you need to produce____in addition to your passport. A.a library card B.a registration form C.a telephone bill D.a receipt 12.Which of the following might NOT be included in the‘utility bill’? A.Rent. B.Gas. C.Water. D.Telephone. 13.According to the passage,what can one do in the post office? A.Getting contact details. B.Obtaining tax forms. C.Paying housing rents. D.Applying for loans. Questions 14 to 17 are based on the following passage.At the end of the passage, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions.Now, listen to the passage. 14.According to the passage, ‘scheduling’means that you A.need to be efficient in work. B.plan your work properly. C.try to finish work ahead of time. D.know how to work in teams.

15.According to the passage, one of the activities to relax could be A.protecting wild animals. B.spending time with your family. C.learning how to read efficiently. D.learning how to do gardening. 16.One of the ways to reduce stress is to A.do better than anyone else. B.fulfill high ambitions in one's work. C.work and have reasonable aims. D.start with a relatively low aim. 17.According to the passage,to reduce stress has something to do with the following EXCEPT A.one's position. B.one's interest. C.one's health. D.one's mood. Questions 18 to 20 are based on the following passage.At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions.Now, listen to the passage. 18.According to the passage,new words tend to come from A.world politics. B.advances in science. C.areas of life. D.all the above. 19.The passage explains the larger and richer vocabulary of English mainly from a viewpoint. A.historical B.cultural C.commercial D.colonial 20.According to the passage,which of the following statements best describes the English language? A.It is outdated in grammar. B.It accepts new words from science. C.It has begun taking in new words. D.It tends to embrace new words. SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST In this section,you will hear several news items.Listen to them carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Questions 21 and 22 are based OH the following news.At the end of the news item,you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions.Now listen to the news. 21.Where was the marble statue found? A.Out in the sea. B.Inside a bath house. C.On a cliff along the coast. D.On the coast outside Jerusalem. 22.Which of the following best describes the condition of the statue? A.It was incomplete. B.It was recent artwork. C.It was fairly tall. D.It was in pieces. Questions 23 and 24 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item. you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions.Now, listen to the news. 23.The rescue efforts concentrated mainly on A.the U.S-Canada border B.snow-stricken regions. C.highways. D.city streets. 24.According to the news,the last group of people might have been stranded in their vehicles

for more than ____ hours before being rescued. A.24 B.25 C.40 D.48 Questions 25 and 26 are based on the following news.At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions.Now, listen to the news. 25.According to the 2006 anti-smoking restrictions,smoking was NOT allowed in A.offices. B.restaurants. C.bars. D.school playgrounds. 26.According to the news,which of the following groups reacts negatively to the new law? A.Television producers. B.Hotel owners. C.Medical workers. D.Hospital management. Questions 27 and 28 are based on the following news.At the end of the news item,you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions.Now, listen to the news. 27.According to the news,who first discovered the fraud? A.A client. B.A bank manager. C.The police. D.Bank headquarters. 28.When did the bank employee hand himself in? A.A month before the fraud was discovered. B.A day before the fraud was discovered. C.A day after the police launched investigation. D.A month after he transferred the money. Question 29 is based on the following news.At the end of the news item, you will be given 5 seconds to answer the question.Now, listen to the news. 29.What is this news item mainly about? A.How to open Hotmail accounts. B.How to retrieve missing e-mails. C.New e-mail service by Microsoft. D.Problems and complaints about e-mails. Question30 is based on the following news.At the end of the news item, you will be given 5 seconds to answer the question.Now, listen to the news. 30.Compared with 2009,which of the following figures remained about the same in 2010? A.Number of tickets sold. B.Box office revenues. C.Attendance rate. D Number of cinemas. PART III CLOZE 【15 MIN】 Decide which of the choices given below would best complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks.Mark the best choice for each blank on Answer Sheet Two. The earthquake of 26th December 2004 resulted in one of the worst natural disasters in living memory.It was a (31) _____ underwater quake and occurred in the Indian Ocean.It (32) ____ coastlines,communities and brought death to many people. Why do earthquakes happen? The surface of the earth has not always looked as it does today;it is moving(33)____ (although very slowly)and has done so for billions of years.This is one(34)____ of earthquakes, when one section of the earth (tectonic plate)(35)____ another.Scientists can predict where but not(36)____ this might happen and the area between plates is called a fault line. On one fault line in Kobe,Japan in 1923 over 200,000 people were killed.(37)____,earthquakes do not always

happen on fault lines,(38)____ is why they are so dangerous and (39)____. Where do volcanoes happen? Volcanoes happen where the earth's(40)____ is thin:lava,dust and gases(41)____ from beneath the earth.They can rise into a huge cone shape like a mountain and erupt,(42)____ they can be so violent(43)____ they just explode directly from the earth with no warning.There are 1511(44)'____' volcanoes in the world.This means that they may(45)____ be dangerous.In 1985 the Colombian volcano Nevado del Ruiz erupted.The lava melted a glacier and sent tones of mud(46)____ the town below.Twenty thousand people died.Natural disasters like volcanic eruptions are often unpredictable.We regularly do not know when they(47)____ pen,or (48)____ where they will happen.In the future,scientists may be able to watch and predict(49)____ before they happen.This could(50)____ many lives. 31.A.massive B.significant C.great D.grand 32.A.changed B.converted C.destroyed D.transformed 33.A.frequently B.continuously C.regularly D.periodically 34.A.source B.reason C.movement D.cause 35.A.collides with B.confronts with C.meets with D.faces with 36.A.how B.why C.when D.what 37.A.Generally B.However C.Similarly D.Anyway 38.A.that B.it C.this D.which 39.A.unpredictable B.unaccountable C.inevitable D.irresistible 40.A.surface B.appearance C.crust D.cover 41.A.flowed out B.burst out C.1eaked out D.trickled out 42.A.or B.and C.nor D.but 43.A.like B.for C.as D.that 44.A.living B.active C.alive D.live 45.A.relatively B.hardly C.still D.gradually 46.A.down B.on C.across D.beyond 47.A.are to B.should C.must D.might 48.A.else B.even C.though D.whether 49.A.accidents B.incidents C.occasions D.events 50.A.rescue B.save C.preserve D.shelter PART IV GRAMMAR &VOCABULARY 【15 MIN】 There are thirty sentences in this section.Beneath each sentence there are four words, phrases or statements marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word, phrase or statement that best completes the sentence.Mark your answers on Answer Sheet Two. 51.Which of the following sentences is INCORRECT? A.Twenty miles seems like a long walk to him. B.No one except his supporters agree with him. C.Neither Julia nor I were going to the party. D.Few students in my class are really lazy. 52.Which of the following determiners(限定词)can be placed before both singular count nouns and plural count nouns? A.many a B.few C.such D.the next

53.Which of the following reflexive pronouns(反身代词)is used as an appositive(同位语)? A,He promised himself rapid progress. B.The manager herself will interview Mary. C.I have nothing to say for myself. D.They quarreled themselves red in the face. 54.My boss ordered that the legal documents ____ to him before lunch. A.be sent B.were sent C.were to be sent D.must be sent 55.Which of the following sentences expresses WILLINGNESS? A.By now she will be eating dinner. B.I shall never do that again. C.My brother will help you with the luggage. D.You shall get a promotion. 56.Which of the following sentences is INCORRECT? A.How strange feelings they are! B.How dare you speak to me like that! C.What noise they are making! D. What a mess we are in! 57.which of the italicized parts functions as a subject? A.We never doubt that her brother is honest. B.The problem is not who will go but who will stay. C.You must give it back to whoever it belongs to。 D.It is clear that the crime was done deliberately. 58.which of the italicized parts functions as an object? A.He doesn‘t like the idea of my speaking at the meeting. B.It is no use your pretending not to know the matter. C.My parents strongly object to my going out alone at night. D.Her falling into the river was the climax of the whole trip. 59.All the following sentences have an appositive EXCEPT A.She bought herself a pair of new shoes. B.Only one problem still remains-the food. C.My friends all understand and support me. D.She liked her current job,teaching English. 60.Which of the following best explains the meaning of“Shall we buy the tickets first”? A.He said that we were going to buy the tickets first. B.He requested that we buy the tickets first. C.He suggested that we buy the tickets first. D.He advised us to buy the tickets first. 61.Which of the following contains an adverbial clause of cause? A.I got a job as soon as I left university. B.As there was no answer, I wrote again. C.You must do the exercises as I show you. D.Wealthy as he is,Mark is not a happy man. 62.Which of the following prepositional phrases can function as an adverbial? A.Are you sure of Simon's disappearance?

B.The man with a beard is talking to the manage. C.Every precaution was taken against the failure of the plan. D.Despite the rain,everyone enjoyed the trip. 63.A:Mother.you promised to take me out. B:Well_____ A. so I did! B. so did I. C. so I do! D. so do I 64.Which of the following prepositional phrases is an adverbial of concession? A.They used the box for keeping treasures. B.I stepped aside for her to get in first. C.For all that he seems to dislike me,I still like him. D.The parents bought a birthday cake for their son. 65.Which of the following sentences is INCORRECT? A.Poultry are very expensive in the city. B.New machinery were introduced in the factory. C.The police are investigating the murder case. D.The militia were called out to rescue flood victims. 66.The girl cannot come to school today on account of the flu.The underlined part means _____. A.concerning B.because of C.as to D.for 67.Mary and John are busy looking for a hotel for their wedding _____. A.meal B.snack C.refreshment D.banquet 68.Mini-skirts first _____ in the 1960s. A.caught out B.caught in C.caught on D.caught up 69.That outburst at the meeting was ____ of his bad temper. A.illustrative B.explanatory C.expository D.revealing 70.The earthquake refugees are ____ for food and blankets. A.desirous B.ambitious C.seriously off D.badly off 71.When Linda heard the good news she tried to sound casual,but her excitement was obvious. The underlined part means _____. A.uncaring B.disinterested C.without plan D.without warning 72.Most Chinese people went to work by bike within living _____. A.mind B.knowledge C.memory D.scope 73.The speaker was very good at ____ his ideas during the discussion. A.putting aside B.putting across C.putting back D.putting off 74.The food is good at this hotel,but the ____ is poor;the waiters don’t seem to be well trained. A.maintenance B.repair C.charge D.service 75.Slavery was ____ in America in the 19th century. A.abolished B.cancelled C.abandoned D.terminated 76.Mercifully,I was able to complete all I had to do within a few days.The underlined part means _____. A.efficiently B.surprisingly C.fortunately D.shortly 77.The boys in the dorm ____ a coin to decide who would clean the floor. A.held B.tossed C.put D.collected 78.The patterns of spoken language are ____ from those of writing.

A.distinct B.distinctive C.distinguished D.distinguishing 79.A(n)____ shape has four straight sides at 90°to each other, two of which are much longer than the other two. A.square B.oval C.oblong D.circular 80.I‘d like to have a ____ word with his parents. A.peaceful B.quiet C.silent D.personal PART V READING COMPREHENSION 【25 MIN】 In this section there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statements,each with four suggested answers marked A,B,C and D.Choose the one that you think is the best answer.Mark your answers on Answer Sheet Two. TEXT A Saying “thank you” is probably the first thing most of us learn to do in a foreign language. After all, we’ re brought up to be polite, and it is important to make a good impression upon other people —especially across national divides. So, what exactly are you supposed to say when "thank you" is only the 20th most popular way to express gratitude? According to a recent survey,19 other ways of expressing appreciation finished ahead of "thank you" in a poll of 3,000 people. Pollsters found almost half of those asked preferred the more informal“cheers” ,while others liked to use such expressions as“ta”,“great" and“nice one” . So,just what is the appropriate form of words to express your thanks? Fortunately, the clue is in the language itself. “Cheers” , despite its popularity, is considered an informal way to say thank you—and this is a definite clue as to when you can best use it. For instance,when going for a drink with friends,a smile and a“cheers”by way of thanks is not only appropriate to the situation,it is also culturally accurate. “Ta” ,originated from the Danish word“tak”, was the second-most popular expression of thanks,and is also commonly used in informal situations,along with phrases such as“nice one” , and “brilliant” . Interestingly, one word that didn‘t make it into the top 20 was “thanks” . Thank your shorter, more informal cousin. “Thanks” can be useful, as it is able to bridge the divide between the formality of “thank you" and the downright relaxed“cheers” . Certain words can double as an expression of thanks as well as delight.Again,the words themselves offer the clue as to when best to use them. For example, words like “awesome” , “brilliant" and “you star" featured highly in the new poll and they can hint at both your pleasure at someone's action,as well as serving to express your thanks.If you are on the receiving end of a“new”thank you,you can respond with a simple“no problem”, or“sure” . Of course,in certain circumstances,a simple wave,nod or smile may be appropriate.For instance,if a car driver slows down to let you cross the road,simply raising your hand in acknowledgement is enough to show that you appreciate the driver's consideration. Sometimes,formality is necessary, and“thank you”is still the best choice in such situations. But students should not worry about when exactly to use certain expressions. Many people in Western countries are worried that good manners are in decline.People are tired of seeing their acts of kindness and service pass without comment.So don‘t think that your

“thank you”was clumsy or awkwardly formal.The chances are,if you said ―thank you” ,you made someone‘s day.You star. 81.We can tell from the results of the poll that A.people are unconcerned about politeness nowadays. B. “thank you”remains the best expression of gratitude. C.there is a variety of expressions of appreciation. D.there are more formal expressions than informal ones. 82.Which word/phrase does NOT appear in the top 20? A.Cheers. B.Thanks. C.Brilliant. D.You star. 83.According to the passage.which is an appropriate response to“awesome”or“brilliant”? A.Thanks. B.Cheers. C.Nice one. D.Sure. 84.According to the passage,the way in which we express our gratitude depends on all the following EXCEPT A.gender. B.formality. C.culture. D.circumstance. 85.In the last paragraph the author encourages people to A.continue their acts of kindness. B.behave themselves well. C.show their gratitude to others. D.stop worrying about bad manners. TEXT B From 2007 to 2010,American households lost $l1 trillion in real estate,savings, and stocks More than half of all U. S. workers either lost their jobs or were forced to take cuts in hours or pay during the recession.The worst may be behind them now, but the shocking losses of the past few years have reshaped nearly every facet of their lives—how they live,work,and spend—even the way they think about the future. For Cindy, the recession began when her husband was relocated to Rhinelander, Wisconsin. by his company forcing the family to move in a hurry.The couple bought a new house but were unable to sell their two-bedroom home in Big Lake,Minnesota.With two mortgages(抵押借款) and two young children to care for, Cindy couldn't imagine how to stretch her husband's paycheck to keep her family fed. Then she stumbled upon an online community called Blotanical, a forum for gardeners, many with an interest in sustainability. “The more I read and discussed these practices,the more I realized this would help not only our budget but also our health, ”she says. Cindy admits that before the recession,she was a city girl with no interest in growing her own dinner. “I grew flowers mostly—I didn’t think about plants that weren‘t visually interesting." But to stretch her budget,she began putting in vegetables and fruit—everything from strawberry beds to apple trees—and as her first seedlings grew,her spirits lifted.She no longer thinks of gardening and making her own jams as just a money saver; they‘re a genuine pleasure. “It‘s brought us closer together as a family, too, ” she says. Her kids voluntarily pitch in with(主动帮助)the garden work, and the family cooks together instead of eating out. The food tastes better —it's fresher and organic —and the garden handily fulfills its original purpose:cost cutting.Now she spends about $200 to $300 a month on groceries.less than half of the $650 a month that she used to lay out. After discovering how resourceful she can be in tough times,Cindy is no longer easily discouraged. “It makes me feel proud to be able to say I made it myself,”she says. “I feel

accomplished,and I'm more confident about attempting things I've never done before." Now she avoids convenience stores and has begun learning to knit,quilt,and make her own soap."I don't think I would have ever begun this journey if it weren‘t for the recession, ”she says. “I have a feeling that from now on,it will affect my family’s health and happiness for the better." 86.We learn from the first paragraph that the recession A.affected Americans in certain occupations. B.had great impact on Americans’work and life. C.had only brought huge losses in savings and stocks. D.is over with some of the losses recovered. 87.What made the family's financial situation even worse was that they A.moved to Rhinelander in a hurry. B.had two children to raise. C.didn't know anyone in Rhinelander. D.couldn't sell their home in Big Lake. 88.Which of the following statements is CORRECT? A.Cindy had seen the benefits of gardening in a different way. B.Cindy had developed a hobby of gardening before the recession. C.Cindy had already had a keen interest in sustainability. D.Cindy had already planned to meet the gardeners. 89.In addition, Cindy views gardening as a genuine pleasure because gardening A.helped her cut living costs almost by half. B.enabled her to make her own jams. C.built up family ties and kids’enthusiasm. D.enabled her to know more about plants. 90.What does Cindy think of the difficult times she has gone through? A.It gave the couple and their kids a tough lesson. B.It gave her confidence and optimism. C.It would come again and affect the family. D.It left a lasting psychological impact on the family. TEXT C “I'm a little worried about my future, ” said Dustin Hoffman in The Graduate. He should be so lucky.All he had to worry about was whether to have an affair with Mrs. Robinson.In the sixties, that was the sum total of post-graduation anxiety syndrome. Hoffman's modern counterparts are not so fortunate.The Mrs. Robinsons aren't sitting around at home any more, seducing graduates. They are out in the workplace, doing the high-powered jobs the graduates want,but cannot get.For those fresh out of university, desperate for work but unable to get it, there is a big imbalance between supply and demand. And there is no narrowing of the gap in sight. The latest unemployment figures show that 746,000 of 18-24 year-olds are unemployed— a record rate of 18 per cent. Many of those will have graduated this summer. They are not panicking yet,but as the job rejections mount up,they are beginning to feel alarmed. Of course, it is easy to blame the Government and, in particular, the target that Labour has long trumpeted---50 per cent of school-leavers in higher education.That was not too smart.The Government has not only failed to meet its target—the actual figure is still closer to 40 per cent—

but it has raised expectations to unrealistic levels. Parents feel as badly let down as the young people themselves.Middle-class families see their graduate offspring on the dole( 救济金 )queue and wonder why they bothered paying school fees. Working-class families feel an even keener sense of disappointment. For many such families, getting a child into university was the fulfillment of a lifelong dream.It represented upward social and financial mobility.It was proof that they were living in a dynamic,economically successful country.That dream does not seem so rosy now. Graduate unemployment is not,ultimately, a political problem ready to be solved. Job-creation schemes for graduates are very low down in ministerial in-trays. If David Cameron's Conservatives had a brilliant idea for guaranteeing every graduate a well-paid job,they would have unveiled it by now. It is a social problem, though a more deep-seated social problem than people perhaps realize. 91.The author begins with an episode from The Graduate in order to A.support the fact that more women are working now. B.show that few graduates started working right after graduation. C.demonstrate that there were much fewer graduates than now. D.emphasize the sharp contrast between now and then. 92.With regard to job opportunities for young graduates,the author sounds A.pessimistic. B.hopeful. C.indifferent. D.furious. 93.The author is ____ the Labour Government's target:50% of school leavers in higher education. A.in favour of B.doubtful about C.strongly critical of D.mildly critical of 94.Which of the following statements about parents’feelings is CORRECT? A.Working—class parents feel just as disappointed. B.Parents and their children feel equally disappointed. C.Middle—class parents feel more disappointed. D.Parents feel more disappointed than their children. 95.Towards the end of the passage,the author implies that A.there will be job-creation schemes for graduates. B.graduate unemployment is more of a political issue. C.graduate unemployment is both a political and a social issue. D.the Conservatives are doing far from enough to solve the issue. TEXT D No matter how many times you have seen images of the golden mask of boyking Tutankhamen,come face to face with it in Egypt's Cairo museum,and you will suck in your breath. It was on Nov 4, 1923, that British archaeologist Howard Carter stumbled on a stone at the base of the tomb of another pharaoh(法老)in Luxor that eventually led to a sealed doorway. Then,on Nov 23,Carter found a second door and when he stuck his head through it,what he saw was to stun the world. Inside lay the great stone coffin, enclosing three chests of gilded wood. A few months later, when a crane lifted its granite cover and one coffin after another was removed, Carter found a solid block of gold weighing 110kg.In it was the mummy(木乃伊) of the 19-year-old Tutankhamen,covered in gold with that splendid funeral mask.And all this lay buried for more than 3,000 years.

Months after my trip to Egypt, I can relive the rush of emotion I felt and sense the hush that descended on the crammed Cairo museum's Tutankhamen gallery. Cairo, a dusty city of 20 million people, is a place where time seems to both stand still and rush into utter chaos.It is a place where the ancient and contemporary happily go along on parallel tracks. Take the Great Pyramids of Giza,sitting on the western edge of the city.Even as the setting sun silhouettes these gigantic structures against the great desert expanse,a call for prayer floats over semi-finished apartment blocks filled with the activity of city life. While careful planning for the afterlife may lie buried underground in Cairo,it is noise and confusion on the streets.Donkey carts battle for space with pedestrians and the only operative road rule is “might is right. ” But it is a city that is full of life—from the small roadside restaurants to the coffee shops where men and women smoke the shisha(水烟壶). Donkey carts piled high with flat-breads magically find their way in and out the maddening traffic;young women in long skirts and headscarves hold hands with young men in open collar shirts,while conversations dwell on Kuwait's chances at the soccer World Cup. 96.According to the context,“suck in your breath”means“feel a sense of ____". A.awe B.horror C.doubt D.delight 97.Which of the following statements about the discovery of the mummy is INCORRECT? A.The mummy was first discovered by a British archaeologist. B.The discovery of the mummy came as a surprise. C.The mummy was found lying right inside the stone coffin. D.The masked mummy was covered in gold. 98.Which word CANNOT be used to describe the city of Cairo? A.Crowdedness. B.Quiet. C.Noise. D.Confusion. 99.Which pair of words/phrases indicates contrast? A.Gigantic structure;great desert expanse B.A call for prayer;men and women with the shisha C.Chaos;maddening D.Coffee shops;pyramids 100.What is the author's attitude towards Cairo? A.Positive. B.Objective. C.Negative. D. Not clear PART VI WRITING 【45 MIN】

SECTION A COMPOSITION [35 MIN] The Dragon Boat Festival(端午节)is one of the important national festivals in China.Write on ANSWER SHEET THREE a composition of about 200 words on the following topic: The Dragon Boat Festival First, you should tell what you know about the festival. Second, you should describe how you or other people usually observe the festival. Marks will be awarded for content, organization, language and appropriateness. Failure to follow the instructions may result in a loss of marks. SECTION B NOTE-WRITING [10 MIN]

Write on ANSWER SHEET THREE a note of about 50-60 words based on the following situation: The winter vacation was over, and you came back by train yesterday. Your friend (Michael or Lucy)went to the railway station to meet you and helped cleaning your dorm.Now,write him/her a note,expressing your gratitude and offering your help in return. Marks will be awarded for content organization, language and appropriateness.

Key to 2012 TEM4: (本试卷答案) I. Dictation: Ecotourism Nowadays many of us try to live a way/ that will damage the environment as little as possible./ We recycle our newspapers and bottles;/ we take public transport to get to work;/ and we try to buy locally produced fruit and vegetables./ And we want to take these attitudes on holiday with us./ This is why alternative forms of tourism are becoming popular in the world./ There are lots of names for these new forms of tourism:/ responsible tourism, nature tourism, adventure tourism, educational tourism and more./ Although everyone may have a different definition,/ most people agree that these new forms of tourism should do the following:/ first, they should conserve the wildlife and culture of the area;/ second, they should benefit the local people;/ third, they should .make a profit without destroying natural resources;/ and finally they should provide an experience that tourists want to pay for./ II. Listening comprehension: 1-5CBBDA 6-10CBBDA 11-15CADBD 16-20CADAD 21-25DACDA 26-30BACDB Part III Cloze 31-35ACBDA 36-40CBDAC 41-45BADBC 46-50ADBDB Part IV Grammar and vocabulary 51-55 BCBAD 56-60 ADCAC 61-65 BDACB 66-70 BDCAD 71-75 BCBDA 76-80 CBACB Part V Reading comprehension 81-85 CBDAC 86-90 BDACB 91-95 DADBB 96-100 ACBAB Part VI Writing (略) 参考答案:(http://www.enmajor.com/cn/Html/TEM/Test4/6500706211315_6.html) 1、2012 年英语专业四级考试听写参考答案: Ecotourism Nowadays many of us try to live in a way that will damage the environment as little as possible. We recycle our newspapers and bottles; we take public transport to get to work; and we try to buy locally produced fruit and vegetables. And we want to take these attitudes on holiday with us. This is why alternative forms of tourism are becoming popular in the world. There are lots of names for these new forms of tourism: responsible tourism, nature tourism, adventure tourism, educational tourism and more. Although everyone may have a different definition, most people agree that these new forms of tourism should do the following: first, they should conserve the wildlife and culture of the area; second, they should benefit the local people; third, they should make a profit without destroying natural resources; and finally they should provide an experience that tourists want to pay for. 2、2012 年英语专四听力参考答案: 1) manufacturers 2) consider 3) thrifty 4) She is not happy 5) It is useful 6) She has 7) To try to change 8) it is an 9) have varied 10) the future 11) a telephone bill 12) rent 13) Applying 14) plan 15) learning how to do gardening 16) work 17) one‘s position 18) all the 19) historical 20) It tends 21) On the coast 22) It was incomplete 23) highways 24) 48, 25) offices

26) Hotel 27) A client 28) A day after 29) Problems 30) Box 3、2012 年 4 月 TEM4 完型填空参考答案: 31) massive 32) destroyed 33) continuously 34) cause 35) collides with 36) when 37) However 38) which 39) unpredictable 40) crust 41) burst out 42) or 43) that 44) active 45) still 46) down 47) might 48) even 49) events 50) save (以下为本卷答案) 31. A, massive 32. C, destroyed 33. B, continuously 34. D, cause 35. A, collides with 36. C, when 37. B, However 38. D, which 39. A, unpredictable 40. C, crust 41. B, burst out 42. A, or 43. D, that 44. B, active 45. C, still 46. A, down 47. D, might 48. B. even 49. D, event 50. B, save 4、2012 年英语专业四级考试语法词汇部分参考答案: 51-55 BDBAC 56-60ACDBC 61-65 BADCA 66-70 DBACB 71-75 BCBAD 76-80 CBADB 请对照《2012 年英语专业四级真题 图片版》核对具体 ABCD 选项。 5、2012 年英语专四真题及参考答案,阅读理解部分: 81-85 CADBA 86-90 DBCAD 91-95 BADBB 96-100 ADBAC 请对照《2012 年英语专业四级真题 图片版》核对具体 ABCD 选项。

TEST FOR ENGLISH MAJORS (2011) -GRADE FOURTIME LIMIT: 135 MIN

PART I

DICTATION

[15 MIN]

Listen to the following passage. Altogether the passage will be read to you four times. During the first reading, which will be done at normal speed, listen and try to understand the meaning. For the second and third readings, the passage will be read sentence by sentence, or phrase by phrase, with intervals of 15 seconds. The last reading will be done at normal speed again and during this time you should check your work. You will then be given 2 minutes to check through your work once more. Please write the whole passage on ANSWER SHEET ONE.

PART II

LISTENING COMPREHENSION

[20 MIN]

In Sections A, B and C you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the best answer to each question on Answer Sheet Two. SECTION A CONVERSATIONS

In this section you will hear several conversations. Listen to the conversations carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Questions 1 to 3 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the conversation. 1. Which of the statements about the auto show is INCORRECT? A. The show will have more stands this year. B. The show will have more visitors this year. C. The number of overseas visitors will be the same this year. D. The number of exhibition days will be the same this year. 2. According to the conversation, the price for a stand would include A. a catalogue. B. a poster. C. two desks. D. four chairs. 3. During the conversation, the man seems to be more interested in A. the size of the show. B. the cost of the stand. C. the basic furniture. D. the visitor number.

Questions 4 to 7 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the conversation. 4. What is Jim interested in? A. Investing in the company‘s product. B. Buying a new educational computer. C. Joining the computer company. D. Reading the campaign plan. 5. The advertisements will be placed in all the following EXCEPT A. family magazines. B. Sunday newspapers. C. morning television. D. teenage magazines. 6. The advertisements are intended to be seen by A. parents only. B. children only. C. school teachers. D. whole families. 7. Linda sounds A. confident B. hesitant C. uncertain D. delighted about the success of the campaign plan.

Questions 8 to 10 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the conversation. 8. John has worked in all the following places EXCEPT A. a book shop. B. a paper factory. C. a school. D. a fastfood restaurant. 9. From the conversation, we learn that John A. has no interest. B. has only one interest. C. has two interests. D. has quite a few interests.

10. Sue Green seems to be more interested in John‘s experience of A. working in a paper factory. B. working in a youth club. C. looking after his brother and sister. D. looking after his young friends. SECTION B PASSAGES

In this section, you will hear several passages. Listen to the passages carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Questions 11 to 13 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage. 11. According to the passage, the average age of the fleet of Delta/Northwest is A. 10 years. B. 14 years. C. 16 years. D. 20 years. 12. It can be learned from the passage that A. air journeys are quite often far from comfortable. B. air travellers usually enjoy luxury during flight. C. air travellers usually enjoy upgraded conditions. D. airlines always provide good in-flight entertainment. 13. Older planes can stay safe for more than 25 years because of the following EXCEPT A. new engines. B. strong materials. C. proper maintenance. D. new interior. Questions 14 to 17 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage. 14. Which job will involve supervising workers using dangerous equipment? A. Assistant site manager. B. Carpenter supervisor. C. Assembly supervisor. D. Automobile service station manager. 15. Who will also decide on the prices of products and services?

A. Airlines‘ flight service manager. B. Automobile service station manager. C. Assistant site manager. D. Carpenter supervisor. 16. Who may also do some of the work he supervises? A. Assistant site manager. B. Airlines‘ flight service manager. C. Assembly supervisor. D. Carpenter supervisor. 17. Which job offers the highest salary? A. Assistant site manager. B. Automobile service station manager. C. Carpenter supervisor. D. Airlines‘ flight service manager. Questions 18 to 20 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage. 18. Where were the two men filmed? A. In the jewelry shop. B. In the City Mall. C. Near the lorry. D. In the parking lot. 19. Witnesses saw the two men A. leave the lorry together. B. leave the lorry without hoods. C. run back to the lorry separately. D. run back to the lorry without hoods. 20. Which of the following details is CORRECT? A. The lorry was originally painted white. B. The lorry had no registration plates. C. The shorter man was the passenger. D. The taller man was the driver. SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST

In this section, you will hear several news items. Listen to them carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Questions 21 and 22 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be

given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news. 21. What did NASA‘s Constellation Programme originally plan to do? A. To set up a moon colony by 2020. B. To send astronauts again to the moon by 2020. C. To continue the current shuttle missions till 2020. D. To create more jobs for NASA till 2020. 22. NASA‘s Constellation Programme would be cancelled mainly because A. there were important space missions. B. the space agency lacked funding for the programme. C. the current shuttle missions would continue. D. Congress failed to pass President Obama‘s budget. Questions 23 and 24 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news. 23. The Russian cargo ship was sinking. What was the direct cause? A. No explanation of the problem. B. Long distance away from land. C. Slow rescue efforts. D. Severe weather. 24. Which of the following was NOT mentioned as a possible means of rescue? A. Aircraft. B. Tugboat. C. Nearby cargo ship. D. Vessels at the oil rig. Questions 25 and 26 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news. 25. Why did the singers meet in Hollywood? A. To raise money for African humanitarian efforts. B. To raise money for Haitian earthquake victims. C. To sing in memory of Michael Jackson. D. To make a recording of the original version of the song. 26. Which o the following details about the news is INCORRECT? A. The organizer is one of the co-writers of the first song. B. Singers will use the same recording studio as in 1985.

C. The recording session s expected to last long. D. Stars from the original version will take part. Question 27 and 28 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news. 27. The additional 2 billion dollars will mainly be used to A. upgrade its network capacity. B. improve customer services. C. develop new products. D. market more iPhones. 28. Where does AT&T face difficulties in particular? A. Nationwide. B. Overseas. C. In large cities. D. In remote towns. Questions 29 and 30 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news. 29. Where is the presence of security patrols most evident? A. Where matches take place. B. Where protests may take place. C. In downtown Vancouver. D. Around the athletes‘ village. 30. What is this news item mainly about? A. Political protest during the Olympics. B. Security operations during the Olympics. C. Olympics‘ security forces. D. Security measures in buildings.

PART III

CLOZE

[15 MIN]

Decide which of the choices given below would best complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the best choice for each blank on Answer Sheet Two. ―Congratulations, Mr. Cooper. It‘s a girl.‖ Fatherhood is going to have a different meaning and (31) a different response from every man who hears these words. Some feel (32) when they receive the news, (33) others worry, wondering whether they will be good father. (34) there are some men who like children and may have had (35) experience with them, others do not particularly (36)

children and spend little time with them. Many fathers and mothers have been planning and looking forward to children for some time. (37) other couples, pregnancy was an accident that both husband and wife have (38) willingly or unwillingly. Whatever the (39) to the birth of a child, it is obvious the shift from the role of husband to (40) of a father is a difficult task. (41) , unfortunately, few attempts have been made to (42) fathers in this resocialization (43) . Although numerous books have been written about mothers, (44) recently has literature focused on the (45) of a father. It is argued that the transition to the father's role, although difficult, is not (46) as great as the transition the wife must (47) to the mother's role. The mother's role seems to require a complete (48) in daily routine. (49) , the father‘s role is less demanding and (50) . 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. A. bring down A. emotional A. while A. When A. considerate A. care about A. For A. received A. reply A. what A. As a result A. educate A. step A. / A. role A. a little A. take A. transformation A. In addition A. current B. bring forth B. sentimental B. when B. If B. considerable B. care of B. Of B. taken B. reaction B. this B. For example B. cultivate B. process B. just B. work B. just B. make B. realization B. Above all B. immediate C. bring off C. bewildered C. if C. Although C. considering C. care with C. From C. accepted C. readiness C. one C. Yet C. inform C. point C. quite C. career C. nearly C. carry C. socialization C. Generally C. present D. bring in D. proud D. as D. Yet D. considered D. care for D. Upon D. obtained D. reality D. that D. Also D. convert D. time D. only D. position D. almost D. accept D. reception D. However D. quick

PART IV

GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY

[15 MIN]

There are thirty sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Mark your answers on Answer Sheet Two. 51. My uncle is quite worn out from years of hard work. He is no longer the man fifteen years ago. A. which B. whom C. who D. that 52. Which of the following sentences is a COMMAND? he was

A. Beg your pardon. B. Have a good time. C. Never do that again! D. What noise you are making! 53. Which of the following italicized phrases indicates purpose? A. She said it for fun, but others took her seriously. B. For all its effort, the team didn‘t win the match. C. Linda has worked for the firm for twenty years. D. He set out for Beijing yesterday. 54. When you have finished with the book, don‘t forget to return it to Tim, A. do you B. will you C. don‘t you ? D. won‘t you

55. In phrases like freezing cold, burning hot, or soaking wet, the –ING participle is used A. as a command. B. as a condition. C. for concession. D. for emphasis. 56. Which of the following italicized phrases is INCORRECT? A. The city is now ten times its original size. B. I wish I had two times his strength. C. The seller asked for double the usual price. D. They come here four times every year. 57. It is not so much the language to understand. A. as B. nor the cultural background that makes the book difficult C. but D. like

58. Which of the following italicized parts is used as an object? A. What do you think has happened to her? B. Who do you think the visiting professor is? C. How much do you think he earns every month? D. How quickly would you say he would come? 59. The additional work will take weeks. A. the other B. another two C. other two 60. Which of the following italicized parts is a subject clause (主语从句)? A. We are quite certain that we will get there in time. B. He has to face the fact that there will be no pay rise this year. C. She said that she had seen the man earlier that morning. D. It is sheer luck that the miners are still alive after ten days.

D. the more

61. It‘s getting late. I‘d rather you A. left B. leave

now. C. are leaving D. will leave

62. In the sentence ―The manager interviewed Jim himself in the morning‖, the italicized word is used to modify A. the object. B. the verb. C. the subject. D. the prepositional phrase. 63. There is no doubt planned. A. whether the couple did the right thing in coming back home earlier than B. that C. why D. when

64. The sentence that expresses OFFER is A. I‘ll get some drinks. What‘ll you have? B. Does she need to book a ticket now? C. May I know your name? D. Can you return the book next week? 65. Which of the following italicized phrases indicates a subject-predicate relation (主谓关系)? A. Mr Smith’s passport has been issued. B. The visitor ’s arrival was reported in the news. C. John’s travel details have not been finalized. D. The new bookstore sells children’s stories. 66. Our office has recently A. altered 67. The crowd went A. wild 68. Our school library is A. shortly to a new computer system. B. converted C. transformed as soon as the singer stepped onto the stage. B. emotional C. uncontrolled closed for repairs. B. quickly C. temporarily

D. modified

D. unrestricted

D. rapidly . D. very efficient

69. John is up to his eyes in work at the moment. The underlined part means A. very excited B. very busy C. very tired

70. Victoria bumped into her brother quite by chance in the supermarket. The underlined word means . A. risk B. opportunity C. possibility D. luck 71. ―Look at those pretty girls‘ skirts‖ is , because it is not clear whether the girls or the

skirts are ―pretty‘. A. ambiguous

B. hidden

C. indirect

D. indistinct

72. House repairs, holidays, school fees and other almost nothing. A. amount B. payment 73. It was really A. grateful

have reduced his bank balance to C. expenses D. figures

of you to remember my birthday. B. thoughtful C. considerable

D. generous

74. You can go to a travel agency and ask for a holiday . A. introduction B. advertisement C. book 75. The city government is building more roads to A. accommodate B. receive 76. They‘ve lifted a two-year-long economic A. enclosure B. restriction

D. brochure

the increasing number of cars. C. accept D. hold on the country. C. blockade

D. prohibition

77. Everyone is surprised that she has fallen out with her boy friend. The underlined part means . A. left B. quarreled C. attacked D. defeated 78. His plan is carefully prepared and full of details, so it is a very A. elaborate B. refined C. ambitious 79. The girl‘s voice was so low that we could A. seldom B. almost hear her. C. only one. D. complex

D. barely

80. She must have been pretty to fall for such an old trick. A. interested B. gullible C. enthusiastic

D. shrewd

PART V

READING COMPREHENSION

[25 MIN]

In this section there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the best answer. Mark your answers on Answer Sheet Two. TEXT A We have a crisis on our hands. You mean global warning? The world economy? No, the decline of reading. People are just not doing it anymore, especially the young. Who‘s responsible? Actually, it‘s more like, What is responsible? The Internet, of course, and everything that comes with it — Facebook, Twitter (微博). You can write your own list.

There‘s been a warning about the imminent death of literate civilization for a long time. In the 20 century, first it was the movies, then radio, then television that seemed to spell doom for the written world. None did. Reading survived; in fact it not only survived, it has flourished. The world is more literate than ever before — there are more and more readers, and more and more books. The fact that we often get our reading material online today is not something we should worry over. The electronic and digital revolution of the last two decades has arguably shown the way forward for reading and for writing. Take the arrival of e-book readers as an example. Devices like Kindle make reading more convenient and are a lot more environmentally friendly than the traditional paper book. As technology makes new ways of writing possible, new ways of reading are possible. Interconnectivity allows for the possibility of a reading experience that was barely imaginable before. Where traditional books had to make do with photographs and illustrations, an e-book can provide readers with an unlimited number of links: to texts, pictures, and videos. In the future, the way people write novels, history, and philosophy will resemble nothing seen in the past. On the other hand, there is the danger of trivialization. One Twitter group is offering its followers single-sentence-long ―digests‖ of the great novels. War and Peace in a sentence? You must be joking. We should fear the fragmentation of reading. There is the danger that the high-speed connectivity of the Internet will reduce our attention span — that we will be incapable of reading anything of length or which requires deep concentration. In such a fast-changing world, in which reality seems to be remade each day, we need the ability to focus and understand what is happening to us. This has always been the function of literature and we should be careful not to let it disappear. Our society needs to be able to imagine the possibility of someone utterly in tune with modern technology but able to make sense of a dynamic, confusing world. In the 15th century, Johannes Guttenberg‘s invention of the printing press in Europe had a huge impact on civilization. Once upon a time the physical book was a challenging thing. We should remember this before we assume that technology is out to destroy traditional culture.
th

81. Which of the following paragraphs briefly reviews the historical challenges for reading? A. Paragraph One. B. Paragraph Two. C. Paragraph Three. D. Paragraph Four. 82. The following are all cited as advantages of e-books EXCEPT A. multimodal content. B. environmental friendliness. C. convenience for readers. D. imaginative design. 83. Which of the following can best describe how the author feels toward single-sentence-long novels? A. Ironic. B. Worried.

C. Sarcastic. D. Doubtful. 84. According to the passage, people need knowledge of modern technology and survive in the fast-changing society. A. good judgment B. high sensitivity C. good imagination D. the ability to focus 85. What is the main idea of the passage? A. Technology pushes the way forward for reading and writing. B. Interconnectivity is a feature of new reading experience. C. Technology is an opportunity and a challenge for traditional reading. D. Technology offers a greater variety of reading practice. TEXT B I know when the snow melts and the first robins (知更鸟) come to call, when the laughter of children returns to the parks and playgrounds, something wonderful is about to happen. Spring cleaning. I‘ll admit spring cleaning is a difficult notion for modern families to grasp. Today‘s busy families hardly have time to load the dishwasher, much less clean the doormat. Asking the family to spend the weekend collecting winter dog piles from the melting snow in the backyard is like announcing there will be no more Wi-Fi. It interrupts the natural order. ―Honey, what say we spend the weekend beating the rugs, sorting through the boxes in the basement and painting our bedroom a nice lemony yellow?‖ I say. ―Can we at least wait until the NBA matches are over?‖ my husband answers. But I tell my family, spring cleaning can’t wait. The temperature has risen just enough to melt snow but not enough for Little League practice to start. Some flowers are peeking out of the thawing ground, but there is no lawn to seed, nor garden to tend. Newly wakened from our winter ‘s hibernation (冬眠), yet still needing extra blankets at night, we open our windows to the first fresh air floating on the breeze and all of the natural world demanding ―Awake and be clean!‖ Biologists offer a theory about this primal impulse to clean out every drawer and closet in the house at spring‘s first light, which has to do with melatonin, the sleepytime hormone (激素) our bodies produce when it‘s dark. When spring‘s light comes, the melatonin diminishes, and suddenly we are awakened to the dusty, virus-filled house we‘ve been hibernating in for four months. I tell my family about the science and psychology of a good healthy cleaning at spring‘s arrival. I speak to them about life‘s greatest rewards waiting in the removal of soap scum from the bathtub, which hasn‘t been properly cleaned since the first snowfall. ―I‘ll do it,‖ says the eldest child, a 21-year-old college student who lives at home. ―You will? Wow!‖ I exclaim. Maybe after all these years, he‘s finally grasped the concept. Maybe he‘s expressing his rightful position as eldest child and role model. Or maybe he‘s going to Florida for a break in a couple of weeks and he‘s being nice to me who is the financial-aid officer. to

No matter. Seeing my adult son willingly cleaning that dirty bathtub gives me hope for the future of his 12-year-old brother who, instead of working, is found to be sleeping in the seat of the window he is supposed to be cleaning. ―Awake and be clean!‖ I say. 86. According to the passage, “…spring cleaning is difficult notion for modern families to grasp‖ means that spring cleaning A. is no longer an easy practice to understand. B. is no longer part of modern family life. C. requires more family members to be involved. D. calls for more complicated skills and knowledge. 87. Which of the following is LEAST likely to be included in family spring cleaning? A. Beating the rugs. B. Cleaning the window. C. Restoring Wi-Fi services. D. Cleaning the backyard. 88. Why does the author say ―spring cleaning can’t wait‖? A. Because there will be more activities when it gets warmer. B. Because the air is fresher and the breeze is lighter. C. Because the whole family is full of energy at spring time. D. Because the snow is melting and the ground is thawing. 89. Which of the following interpretations of the biologists‘ theory about melatonin is INCORRECT? A. The production of melatonin in our bodies varies at different times. B. Melatonin is more likely to cause sleepiness in our bodies. C. The reduction of melatonin will cause wakefulness in our bodies. D. The amount of melatonin remains constant in our bodies. 90. Which of the following can best sum up the author ‘s overall reaction to her adult son‘s positive response to spring cleaning? A. Surprised and skeptical. B. Elated and hesitant. C. Relieved and optimistic. D. Optimistic and hesitant. TEXT C These days lots of young Japanese do omiai, literally, ―meet and look.‖ Many of them do so willingly. In today‘s prosperous and increasingly conservative Japan, the traditional omiai kekkon, or arranged marriage, is thriving. But there is a difference. In the original omiai, the young Japanese couldn‘t reject the partner chosen by his parents and their middleman. After World War II, many Japanese abandoned the

arranged marriage as part of their rush to adopt the more democratic ways of their American conquerors. The Western ren’ai kekkon, or love marriage, became popular; Japanese began picking their own mates by dating and falling in love. But the Western way was often found wanting in an important respect: it didn‘t necessarily produce a partner of the right economic, social, and educational qualifications. ―Today‘s young people are quite calculating,‖ says Chieko Akiyama, a social commentator. What seems to be happening now is a repetition of a familiar process in the country‘s history, the ―Japanization‖ of an adopted foreign practice. The Western ideal of marrying for love is accommodated in a new omiai in which both parties are free to reject the match. ―Omiai is evolving into a sort of stylized introduction,‖ Mrs. Akiyama says. Many young Japanese now date in their early twenties, but with no thought of marriage. When they reach the age — in the middle twenties for women, the late twenties for men — they increasingly turn to omiai. Some studies suggest that as many as 40% of marriages each year are omiai kekkon. It‘s hard to be sure, say those who study the matter, because many Japanese couples, when polled, describe their marriage as a love match even if it was arranged. These days, doing omiai often means going to a computer matching service rather than to a nakodo. The nakodo of tradition was an old woman who knew all the kids in the neighbourhood and went around trying to pair them off by speaking to their parents; a successful match would bring her a wedding invitation and a gift of money. But Japanese today find it‘s less awkward to reject a proposed partner if the nakodo is a computer. Japan has about five hundred computer matching services. Some big companies, including Mitsubishi, run one for their employees. At a typical commercial service, an applicant pays $80 to $125 to have his or her personal data stored in the computer for two years and $200 or so more if a marriage results. The stored information includes some obvious items, like education and hobbies, and some not-so-obvious ones, like whether a person is the oldest child. (First sons, and to some extent first daughter, face an obligation of caring for elderly parents.) 91. According to the passage, today‘s young Japanese prefer A. a traditional arranged marriage. B. a new type of arranged marriage. C. a Western love marriage. D. a more Westernized love marriage. 92. Which of the following statements is CORRECT? A. A Western love marriage tends to miss some Japanese values. B. Less attention is paid to the partner‘s qualification in arranged marriages. C. Young Japanese would often calculate their partner ‘s wealth. D. A new arranged marriage is a repetition of the older type. 93. According to the passage, the figure 40% (Paragraph Five) is uncertain because A. there has been a big increase in the number of arranged marriages. B. Western love marriage still remains popular among young Japanese. C. young Japanese start dating very early in their life in a Western tradition. D. the tendency for arranged marriages could be stronger than is indicated.

94. One of the big differences between a traditional nakodo and its contemporary version lies in the way A. wedding gifts are presented. B. a proposed partner is refused. C. formalities are arranged. D. the middleman/woman is chosen. 95. What is the purpose of the last paragraph? A. To tell the differences between an old and modern nakodo. B. To provide some examples for the traditional nakodo. C. To offer more details of the computerized nakodo. D. To sum up the main ideas and provide a conclusion. TEXT D Cordia Harrington was tired of standing up all day and smelling like French fries at night. She owned and operated three McDonald‘s shops in Illinois, but as a divorced mother of three boys, she yearned for a business that would provide for her children and let her spend more time with them. Her lucky moment came, strangely enough, after she was nominated in 1992 to be on the McDonald‘s bun committee. ―The company picked me up in a corporate jet to see bakeries around the world,‖ she recalls. ―Every time I went to a meeting, I love it. This was global!‖ The experience opened her eyes to business possibilities. When McDonald‘s decided it wanted a new bun supplier, Harrington became determined to win the contract, even though she had no experience running a bakery. Harrington studied the bakery business and made sure she was never off executives’ radar. ―If you have a dream, you can‘t wait for people to call you,‖ she says. ―So I‘d visit a mill and send them photos of myself in a baker ‘s hat and jacket, holding a sign that say ?I want to be your baker.‘ ‖ After four years and 32 interviews, her persistence paid off. Harrington sealed the deal with a handshake, sold her shops, and borrowed $13.5 million. She was ready to build the fastest, most automated bakery in the world. The Tennessee Bun Company opened ahead of schedule in 1997, in time for a slump in U.S. fast-food sales for McDonald‘s. Before Harrington knew it, she was down to her last $20,000, not enough to cover payroll. And her agreement with McDonald‘s required that she sell exclusively to the company. ―I cried myself to sleep many nights,‖ she recalls. ―I really did think, I am going to go bankrupt.‖ But Harrington worked out an agreement to supply Pepperidge Farm as well. ―McDonald‘s could see a benefit if our production went up and prices went down, and no benefit if we went out of business,‖ she says. ―That deal saved us.‖ Over the next eight years, Harrington branched out even more: She started her own trucking business, added a cold-storage company, and now has three bakeries producing fresh buns and frozen dough — all now known as the Bun Companies. Speed is still a priority: It takes 11 people at the main bakery to turn out 60,000 buns an hour for clients across 40 states, South America, and the Caribbean. Grateful for the breaks she‘s had, Harrington is passionate about providing opportunities to all

230 employees. ―Financial success is the most fun when you can give it away,‖ she says. The current economy is challenging. Some of her clients‘ sales have declined, but she‘s found new clients and improved efficiencies to help sustain the company‘s double-digit growth. Cordia Harrington doesn‘t have to stand on her feet all day anymore. Two of her three sons now work for her. And she‘s remarried — her husband, Tom, is now her CFO. ―This is more than a job,‖ says Harrington. ―It‘s a mission. I‘m always thinking. How can we best serve our employees? If we support them, they‘ll do their best to look after our clients. That‘s how it works here.‖ 96. According to the passage, which of the following was most significant in her early career? A. Her nomination on the McDonald‘s bun committee. B. Her travel and the visits to bakeries around the world. C. A business contract with local bun suppliers. D. The interviews and experience in running a bakery. 97. ―Harrington…made sure she was never off executives’ radar‖ (Paragraph Four) means that she A. herself wanted to be a company executive. B. meant to hire executives to run the business. C. meant to keep her management knowledge and skills. D. focused on the management of the bakery business. 98. How did she survive the crisis at the start of her bakery business? A. By supplying buns for another company. B. By opening her bun company ahead of schedule. C. By keeping supplies up for McDonald‘s. D. By making a new agreement with McDonald‘s. 99. Which of the following statements is INCORRECT in describing her current business? A. It is fast growing. B. It is diversified. C. Its clients are all local. D. It is more efficient. 100. According to the passage, which of the following is fundamental to Harrington‘s success? A. Efficiency and love for the family. B. Perseverance and concern for employees. C. Business expansion and family support. D. Opportunities and speed.

PART VI
SECTION A

WRITING
COMPOSITION

[45 MIN]
[35 MIN]

Recently government agencies in some big cities have been studying the possibility of putting

a ―pollution tax‖ on private cars. The amount of tax private car owners would have to pay would depend on the emission levels, i.e. engine or vehicle size. This has caused quite a stir among the public. Some regard it as an effective way to control the number of cars and reduce pollution in the city. But others don‘t think so. What is your opinion? Write on ANSWER SHEET THREE a composition of about 200 words on the following topic: Should Private Car Owners be Taxed for Pollution? You are to write in three parts. In the first part, state specifically what your opinion is. In the second part, provide one or two reasons to support your opinion. In the last part, bring what you have written to a natural conclusion or make a summary. Marks will be awarded for content, organization, language and appropriateness. Failure to follow the instructions may result in a loss of marks. SECTION B NOTE-WRITING [10 MIN]

Write on ANSWER SHEET THREE a note of about 50-60 words based on the following situation: During the summer vacation you would like to invite your best friend to your home town. Write a note to him/her, extending your invitation and telling him/her how to get to your home town. Marks will be awarded for content, organization, language and appropriateness.

录音原文

PART I

DICTATION

British holiday habits in the late 1970s, air travel became affordable/for the average family in the UK,/and more people started travelling abroad for their summer holidays./After all, the British weather wasn‘t very good, even in summer,/so a lot of people left the country for a vacation./ In the 1980s and 1990s, young people in the UK became wealthier on average./As a result, they started to go abroad in groups,/to places such as Spain and Greece./Once they arrived at their destination,/they met with other groups of young people and had one long party./ British holidaying habits have begun to change, however./Climate change means that the UK now has a hotter climate,/so people do not need to go overseas to find good weather./Also, going abroad is more expensive./As a result, more British people are choosing to spend their summer holidays in the UK./

PART II
SECTION A

LISTENING COMPREHENSION
CONVERSATIONS

Questions 1 to 3 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the conversation. Woman: Good afternoon, International Trade Center Exhibition Services. How can I help? Man: Oh, hello. I‘d like some information about exhibiting at the International Auto Mobile Show. Woman: The Auto Show? So, what would you like to know? Man: First, can you give me an idea of how big the fair is? Woman: Well, 121 companies had stands last year and that figure should be up to 140 this time. Man: Sorry, how many? Woman: 140. Man: What about visiting numbers? Woman: Over the two days, we had 6500 visitors, so with more stands we‘d hope for more people this time. Man: And where did they to be said come from? Woman: About 57% were from overseas: America and Europe, Japan, Singapore and South Korea. The remained were local people. Man: That‘s interesting, now, a few practical questions. We‘re thinking of taking a stand about 45 square meters. How much will that cost? Woman: $400 per square meter. Man: Sorry, can you give me the cost again? Woman: Yes. It‘s $400. So if you‘re looking at 45 square meters, it would be, let me see, $18000. But that‘s just the cost for a basic stand. Man: What does the price include?

Woman: You get a list in a catalogue in both Chinese and English, some basic furniture——a desk and four chairs, and electricity in lighting. Man: So anything else would be extra like a poster. Woman: That‘s right. Questions 4 to 7 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the conversation. Man: Hello Linda. Woman: Hello Jim. Man: I‘m thinking of invest in your new educational computer that your company has produced and I‘m interested in the advertise campaign. Woman: Oh, thank you. What would you like to know? Man: I‘ve read your campaign plan. It looks ok. I only have a couple of questions mainly about where you intend to place these advertisements. Woman: Well, as you can see from the plan, we intend to place them in family magazines and on early evening television. We want whole families that parents and children to see them. Man: Mnn…but are you sure they‘ll be the right families? Woman: The right families? Well… Man: I mean are you certain that the parents who read these magazines and watch these television programs are the people who will buy an educational computer for their children? Woman: Yes, we are quite certain. A market research shows that… Man: Good. I‘m sure you‘re right. And I see that you‘re thinking of placing advertisements in teenage magazines as well. Woman: Yes, we intend to place them in some teenage magazines, the more serious ones, you know. And we‘re also thinking of putting them in Sunday newspapers because it‘s likely that the whole family will be together on Sundays. Man: I see, but do you really think that the parents and children will like the same advertisements? Woman: We‘ve done the research and we think they‘ll like our advertisements. Man: Good. Questions 8 to 10 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the conversation. Woman: Hello. I‘m Sue Green. You must be John Fox. Man: Yes, I am. Woman: Thanks for coming to this job interview. Let me ask you a few questions. Man: Yes, please. Woman: Have you got any work experience? Man: Yes. I had a job in a paper factory for a few months after I left school. Then I worked in summer holidays in the university, first in a fast-food restaurant, then at a book shop. Woman: Ok. Do you drive? Have you got a driving license? Man: Yes, I have. Woman: That‘s fine then. So what kind of interests do you have?

Man: Interests? Well, I like travelling. I play a lot of sports and I play the piano. Woman: What sorts of sports do you like? Man: Football, tennis and swimming. Woman: Right. And what sort of music do you play? Man: Oh, a lot of, different types, classic, jazz. Woman: Ok, the most important question now. What experience have you had with children? Man: well, I‘ve looked after my brother and sister as babies and as they‘re young children. I also worked with children in a youth club. Woman: A youth club? Man: Yes. I‘ve been working as a helper in a youth club since I studies in university as sort of a volunteer with teenagers. Woman: Good. Ok, well, let you know our decisions in a few days. Man: Thank you. SECTION B PASSAGES Questions 11 to 13 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage. Few people expect luxury while flying, but these days, even the basic seems to be in bad shape. It‘s not our common to find your trade table broken, the in-flight entertainment system not working and your seat cushion worn. All of these can make you think how old this plane is anyway. The reality for many US air travelers is the most of the journeys take place some planes that have been in service for a decade or more. The average age of the fleet of the seven large USA passenger airlines is about 14 years old according to the airline monitor. If found American and Delta Northwest have the oldest fleets at about 16 years on average. At the end of 2008, a small percentage of the merged Delta Northwest planes dated back to the later 1960s. ―US. fleets are among the oldest in the world,‖ said Bridge Ablafare. And Adiation analyzed, ― I‘m not really sure the people should read that much into that.‖ Ablafare said, ― For the safety‘s fine point, a lot of the old planes will build tougher and with proper maintenance. There‘s no reason why flying constant safe for 25 to 30 years. It‘s also important to remember that the plane may be 20 years old, but its engines and another major systems could be recently manufactured and upgraded.‖ said Ablafare, ―There‘s less pressure on the airlines to upgrade the interior unless the safety issue or redesign above save money. Questions 14 to 17 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage. Higher education isn‘t for everyone and people have variety of parts to choose from once they graduate from high school. They might know from the start that they want to go street to the professional world. If you‘re in the market for a job that doesn‘t require a degree but does come with that a salary, here are a few jobs to consider:

Assembly supervisors over see workers who put together products by using power tools or other dangerous equipment; the annual salary is $19926. At construction side assistant site managers report to the head site manager and plan, director and coordinate the necessary tasks to complete that day‘s activities. Salary: $86584. And automobile service station manager draws up guidelines for gas stations and automobile repair shops and decides on our operations, a signs of job duties, and sets prices for services and products. Salary: $81793. Carpenter supervisors over see carpentry work on a specify project to ensure that workers on schedule and executing the plan accordingly. The supervisors also perform some of carpenter duties if time permits. Salary: $70565. Airlines flight services managers ensure that flight attendance adhere to personal experience and preflight requirements. They also compile fly reports. Salary: $ 67766. Illustrators design funs and imitate for variety of media from website to printing campaigns and video. They often work for advertisement agencies. Salary: $54995. Questions 18 to 20 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage. The police release the first video emergency yesterday of the two men believe to be involved in robbing a jewelry shop in the city seven days ago. But the video pictures taken a week ago were not very clear. The camera which filmed the men was about 200 meters away from a park lorry which the robbers later used as a getaway vehicle. The men were also filmed wearing hoods as they ran towards the lorry after the robbery. The pictures are timed at 9:05 a.m. last Saturday, just half an hour before the robbery occurred. Witnesses have confirmed that some time during this half an hour, they saw the two men without hoods leave the lorry separately. Despite the quality of the video, the police believe the robbers are distinctive enough not to be identified. The first suspect who got at the drive side of the lorry was about 5 foot and 6 inches tall and fat. He was wearing a grey jacket with a hood and dark trousers. The passenger was slimmer and slightly taller, about 5 foot and 8 inches. He was wearing light blue jeans and white jacket with a hood jogging top. According to the police, the lorry stored in the parking lot of the city mall last month have been repainted from white toss over, filled with false registration plates. SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST Questions 21 and 22 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news. American astronauts would not return to the moon as plan if US congress passes president Obama‘s propose budget. Obama‘s budget which in cut funding in certain areas while increasing money used to create jobs would cancel NASA‘s constellation programme. The programme has sought to send astronauts back to the moon by 2020. NASA‘s programme also intend to study the idea on

establishing the moon colony. The programme was set to follow the USA space agency shuttle missions which are due to end in September. On its website, the White House Budget Office says the programme to send astronauts to the moon is behind schedule, over budget and ever less important than other space investments. ―Using abroad range of criteria and independent view, panel determined that even fully funded NASA‘s programme to repeat many of their achievements of the polar-Euro 50 years later was the least attractive reproach to specific separation as compared to potential alternatives.‖ the site says. Questions 23 and 24 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news. A Russian cargo ship with about 30 crew members aboard was in danger of sinking off Russia‘s eastern coast while storming weather interfered with rescue efforts stayed around it. TASS news agency sent Friday. I set for just outside of the ship and the crew chip middle off. The crew sent out distress signal but there was no explanation of the problem. Because of the severe weather aircraft can‘t be used to rescue the crew. According to esh or TASS the vessel is about 19 miles from oil rig where rescue vessels abased while tugboat dispatched from land were still about 4 times farther away. The cargo ship had been on rue to a fishing area when they experiences the problems. The news agency reported. The ship host fish from boat to ports. Questions 25 and 26 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news. Dozens of recording stars began converging on a Hollywood studio Monday to add their voices to a song. They hope raise millions of dollars for Haitian earthquake relief. The words and music are updated version of we’re the world, a song that raised least $30 million for African humanitarian programme 25 years ago. Linar reach who co-work the first song with Machael Jackson is organizing the effort. The original producer Quency Johns is using the same studio he used in 1985. Reporters and security surrounded Hansom Studios anticipating the arrival of limersing to libering MacDonald on Monday afternoon for what is expect to be a merry fund recording session. Smoky Robinson who sang on the original said the least 100 singers asked to take part does not include any of the 45 stars from the previous version. Organizers have not said when the song might be ready for the world to hear. Question 27 and 28 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news. AT&T plans to spend 18 billion dollars in 2010 upgrading its wireless networks to handle the increasing a mart of new traffic. There is roughly 2 billion dollars more than the company had invested in the previous year. Specifically AT&T will add 2000 new sale sites and upgrade existing sale sites with 3 times more fablance than it had in 2009. This will increase capacity to connect the salety to AT&T‘s may network. AT&T which is the only wireless operator in the US. selling iPhone had been the target of much criticism over this past year as many iPhone sperscrappers particularly in densely populated urban areas have complained about dropped calls, slow internet access and poor service. Some critics claimed the company has not been spending enough on network upgrade to keep up with growing demand. AT&T has acknowledge that it has faced some

difficulties particularly in big cities, but the company is closing the gap. Questions 29 and 30 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news. An Olympics security plan, five years in the making, is taking shape in Vancouver this week. The Canadian police since handing up the 900 million dollars security operation the largest in Canada‘s history. It would involve 15000 police, private security and military personnel. The Winter Olympics would take pace from Feb. 12 to 28 in 2010 in Vancouver. Political protest may post big threats to the games. The threat of terrorist attack is really does low, but the memory of the 1972 Olympics has not gone away. That year a terrorist group attacked the athletes‘ village, eventually killing 11 Israeli athletes and coaches. It is no coincidence that in Vancouver security patrols are particularly evident around the low rise apart buildings with the athletes would be housed. In downtown Vancouver some roads are already closed and wrings of security fencing surround some key venues. Perched on top of fencing is never work from 900 surveillance cameras to detect intrusions. 2011 年英语专四真题参考答案:听力部分 1-5 CDBAC 6-10 DACDB 11-15 CADCB 16-20 DACBB 21-25 BBACB 26-30 CACDB 2011 年英语专四真题参考答案:完形填空部分 31-35 BDACB 36-40 DACBD 41-45 CABDA 46-50 CBADB 2011 年英语专四真题参考答案:语法词汇部分 51-55 DCABD 56-60 BACBD 61-65 ACBAB 66-70 BACBD 71-75 ACBDA 76-80 CBADB 2011 年英语专四真题参考答案:阅读部分 81-85 BDBAC 85-90 ACADB 91-95 BADDC 96-100 BCACB

QUESTION BOOKLET 试卷用后随即销毁。 严禁保留、出版或复印。 TEST FOR ENGLISH MAJORS (2010) -GRADE FOURTIME LIMIT: 135 MIN PART I DICTATION [15 MIN] Listen to the following passage. Altogether the passage will be read to you four times. During the first reading, which will be done at normal speed, listen and try to understand the meaning? For the second and third readings, the passage will be read sentence by sentence, or phrase by phrase, with intervals of 15 seconds. The last reading will be done at normal speed again and during this time you should check your work. You will then be given 2 minutes to check through your work once more. Please write the whole passage on ANSWER SHEET ONE. PART II LISTENING COMPREHENSION [20 MIN] In Sections A, B and C you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on ANSWER SHEET TWO. SECTION A CONVERSATIONS In this section you will hear several conversations. Listen to the conversations carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Questions 1 to 3 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the conversation. 1. The following details have been checked during the conversation EXCEPT A. number of travelers. B. number of tour days. C. flight details. D. room services. 2. What is included in the price? A. Air tickets and local transport. B. Local transport and meals. C. Air tickets, local transport and breakfast. D. Air tickets, local transport and all meals. 3. Which of the following statements is CORRECT? A. The traveler is reluctant to buy travel insurance. B. The traveler is ready to buy travel insurance. C. The traveler doesn't have to buy travel insurance. D. Travel insurance is not mentioned in the conversation. Questions 4 to 7 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the

conversation, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the conversation. 4. Which of the following details is CORRECT? A. Mark knows the exact number of airport buses. B. Mark knows the exact number of delegates' spouse. C. Mark doesn't know the exact number of delegates yet. D. Mark doesn't know the number of guest speakers. 5. What does Linda want to know? A. The arrival time of guest speakers. B. The departure time of guest speakers. C. The type of transport for guest speakers. D. The number of guest speakers. 6. How many performances have been planned for the conference? A. One. B. Two. C. Three. D. Not mentioned. 7. Who will pay for the piano performance? A. Pan-Pacific Tours. B. Johnson & Sons Events. C. Conference delegates. D. An airline company. Questions 8 to 10 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the conversation. 8. What is NOT missing in Mary's briefcase? A. Her cheque book. B. Her papers for work. C. Her laptop. D. Her appointment book. 9. Where was Mary the whole morning? A. At the police station. B. At a meeting. C. In her client's office. D. In the restaurant. 10. Why was Mary sure that the briefcase was hers in the end? A. The papers inside had the company's name. B. The briefcase was found in the restaurant. C. The restaurant manager telephoned James. D. The cheque book inside bore her name. SECTION B PASSAGES In this section, you will hear several passages. Listen to the passages carefully and

then answer the questions that follow. Questions 11 to 13 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage. 11. We learn from the passage that about two-thirds of the courses are taught through A. the School of Design and Visual Arts B. the School of Social Work. C. the School of Business. D. the Arts and Sciences program. 12. What is the cost of undergraduate tuition? A. Twenty thousand dollars. B. Thirty thousand dollars. C. Twenty-seven thousand dollars. D. Thirty-eight thousand dollars. 13. International students can receive all the following types of financial assistance EXCEPT A. federal loans. B. private loans. C. scholarships. D. monthly payment plans. Questions 14 to 17 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage. 14. According to the passage, mothers in spend more time looking after children. A. France B. America C. Denmark D. Australia 15. Which of the following activities would Australian fathers traditionally participate in? A. Feeding and playing with children. B. Feeding and bathing children. C. Taking children to the park and to school. D. Taking children to watch sports events. 16. According to the study, the "new man" likes to A. spend more time at work. B. spend more time with children. C. spend time drinking after work. D. spend time on his computer. 17. It is suggested in the passage that the "new man" might be less acceptable in

A. France. B. Britain. C. Australia. D. Denmark. Questions 18 to 20 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage. 18. The services of the new partnership are provided mainly to A. mothers of infected babies. B. infected children and women. C. infected children in cities. D. infected women in cities. 19. Which of the following details about Family Health International is INCORRECT? A. It is a nonprofit organization. B. It provides public health services. C. It carries out research on public health. D. It has worked in five countries till now. 20. The example of Cambodia mainly shows A. the importance of government support. B. the importance of public education efforts. C. the progress the country has made so far. D. the methods used to fight AIDS. SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST In this section, you will hear several news items. Listen to them carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Questions 21 and 22 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news. 21. According to the news, the victim was A. a 17-year-old girl. B. a 15-year-old boy. C. a 23-year-old woman. D. an 18-year-old man. 22. We learn from the news that the suspects were arrested A. one month later. B. two months later. C. immediately. D. two weeks later. Questions 23 and 24 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item,

you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news. 23. The Iraqi parliament can vote on the security agreement only after A. all parties have agreed on it. B. the US troops have pulled out. C. the Cabinet has reviewed it. D. the lawmakers have returned from Mecca. 24. According to the news, the US troops are expected to completely pull out by A. mid-2009. B. the end of 2009. C. mid-2011. D. the end of 2011. Questions 25 and 26 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news. 25. The following are involved in the operations to rescue the children in Honduras EXCEPT A. the police. B. the district attorney. C. the prison authorities. D. Institute of Childhood and Family. 26. What punishment would parents face if they allowed their children to beg? A. To be imprisoned and fined. B. To have their children taken away. C. To be handed over to the authorities. D. None. Question 27 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 5 seconds to answer the question. Now, listen to the news. 27. What is the news item about? A. Coastlines in Italy. B. Public use of the beach. C. Swimming and bathing. D. Private bathing clubs. Question 28 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 5 seconds to answer the question. Now, listen to the news. 28. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the news? A. The airport was shut down for Friday. B. There was a road accident involving two buses. C. Local shops were closed earlier than usual.

D. Bus service was stopped for Friday. Questions 29 and 30 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news. 29. How many people were rescued from the apartment building? A. 17. B. 24. C. 21. D. 41. 30. Which of the following details in the news is CORRECT? A. The rescue operation involved many people. B. The cause of the explosions has been determined. C. Rescue efforts were stopped on Thursday. D. The explosions didn't destroy the building. PART III CLOZE [15 MIN] Decide which of the choices given below would best complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the best choice for each blank on ANSWER SHEET TWO. How men first learned to invent words is unknown; (31) , the origin of language is a mystery. All we really know is that men, unlike animals, somehow invented certain (32) to express thoughts and feelings, actions and things, (33) they could communicate with each other; and that later they agreed (34) certain signs, called letters, which could be (35) to represent those sounds, and which could be (36) . Those sounds, whether spoken, (37) written in letters, we call words. The power of words, then, lies in their (38) -the things they bring up before our minds. Words become (39) with meaning for us by experience; (40) the longer we live, the more certain words (41) to us the happy and sad events of our past; and the more we (42) , the more the number of words that mean something to us (43) . Great writers are those who not only have great thoughts but also express these thoughts in words which appeal (44) to our minds and emotions. This (45) and telling use of words is what we call (46) style. Above all, the real poet is a master of (47) . He can convey his meaning in words which sing like music, and which (48) their position and association can (49) men to tears. We should, therefore, learn to choose our words carefully and use them accurately, or they will (50) our speech or writing silly and vulgar. (31) A. in addition B. in other words C. in a word D. in summary (32) A. sounds B. gestures C. signs D. movements (33) A. such that B. as that C. so that D. in that (34) A. in B. with C. of D. upon (35) A. spelt B. combined C. written D copied

(36) A. written down B. handed down C. remembered D. observed (37) A. and B. yet C. also D. or (38) A. functions B. associations C. roles D. links (39) A. filled B. full C. live D. active (40) A. but B. or C. yet D. and (41) A. reappear B. recall C. remember D. recollect (42) A. read and think B. read and recall C. read and learn D. read and recite (43) A. raises B. increases C. improves D. emerges (44) A. intensively B. extensively C. broadly D. powerfully (45) A. charming B. academic C. conventional D. common (46) A. written B. spoken C. literary D. dramatic (47) A. signs B. words C. style D. sound (48) A. in B. on C. over D. by (49) A. move B. engage C. make D. force (50) A. transform B. change C. make D. convert PART IV GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY [15 MIN] There are thirty sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET TWO. 51. Which of the following italicized phrases indicates CAUSE? A. Why don't you do it for the sake of your friends? B. I wish I could write as well as you. C. For all his efforts, he didn't get an A. D. Her eyes were red from excessive reading. 52. Nancy's gone to work but her car's still there. She by bus. A. must have gone B. should have gone C. ought to have gone D. could have gone 53. He feels that he is not yet to travel abroad. A. too strong B. enough strong C. so strong D. strong enough 54. After seemed an endless wait, it was his turn to enter the personnel manager's office. A. that B. it C. what D. there 55. Fool Jerry is, he could not have done such a thing. A. who B. as C. like D. that 56. Which of the following sentences is INCORRECT? A. They each have two tickets. B. They cost twenty yuan each. C. Each they have bought the same book. D. They were given two magazines each. 57. She seldom goes to the theatre, ? A. doesn't she B. does she C. would she D. wouldn't she 58. Dr Johnson is head of the department, an expert in translation.

A. or B. either C. but D. and 59. When one has good health, should feel fortunate. A. you B. they C. he D. we 60. It is necessary that he the assignment without delay. A. hand in B. hands in C. must hand in D. has to hand in 61. In the sentence "It's no use waiting for her", the italicized phrase is A. the object B. an adverbial C. a complement D. the subject 62. Which of the following sentences is INCORRECT? A. All his lectures are very interesting. B. Half their savings were gone. C. Many his friends came to the party. D. Both his sisters are nurses. 63. Which of the following sentences has an object complement? A. The directors appointed John manager. B. I gave Mary a Christmas present. C. You have done Peter a favour. D. She is teaching children English. 64. Which of the following words can NOT be used to complete "We've seen the film "? A. before B. recently C. lately D. yet 65. should not become a serious disadvantage in life and work. A. To be not tall B. Not being tall C. Being not tall D. Not to be tall 66. Due to personality , the two colleagues never got on well in work. A. contradiction B. conflict C. confrontation D. competition 67. During the summer vacation, kids are often seen hanging in the streets. A. about B. on C. over D. out 68. There were 150 at the international conference this summer. A. spectators B. viewers C. participants D. onlookers 69. School started on a cold day in February. A. severe B. bitter C. such D. frozen 70. In the face of unexpected difficulties, he demonstrated a talent for quick, action. A. determining B. defensive C. demanding D. decisive 71. The team has been working overtime on the research project A. lately B. just now C. late D. long ago 72. Because of the economic crisis, industrial output in the region remained A. motionless B. inactive C. stagnant D. immobile 73. The police had difficulty in the fans from rushing on to the stage to take photos with the singer. A. limiting B. restraining C. confining D. restricting 74. Joan is in the dorm, putting the final to her speech. A. details B. remarks C. comments D. touches

75. His in gambling has eventually brought about his ruin. A. indulgence B. habit C. action D. engagement 76. The teacher told the students to stay in the classroom and they did A. absolutely B. accidentally C. accordingly D. accurately 77. You can actually see the deer at close range while driving through that area. The italicized phrase means . A. clearly B. very near C. quickly D. very hard 78. He listened hard but still couldn't what they were talking about. A. make over B. make up C. make upon D. make out 79. For the advertised position, the company offers a(n) salary and benefits package. A. generous B. plentiful C. abundant D. sufficient 80. As there was no road, the travelers up a rocky slope on their way back. A. ran B. hurried C. scrambled D. crawled PART V READING COMPREHENSION [25 MIN] In this section there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the best answer. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET TWO. TEXT A What is the nature of the scientific attitude, the attitude of the man or woman who studies and applies physics, biology, chemistry, geology, engineering, medicine or any other science? We all know that science plays an important role in the societies in which we live. Many people believe, however, that our progress depends on two different aspects of science. The first of these is the application of the machines, products and systems of applied knowledge that scientists and technologists develop. Through technology, science improves the structure of society and helps man to gain increasing control over his environment. The second aspect is the application by all members of society of the special methods of thought and action that scientists use in their work. What are these special methods of thinking and acting? First of all, it seems that a successful scientist is full of curiosity - he wants to find out how and why the universe works. He usually directs his attention towards problems which he notices have no satisfactory explanation, and his curiosity makes him look for underlying relationships even if the data available seem to be unconnected. Moreover, he thinks he can improve the existing conditions and enjoys trying to solve the problems which this involves. He is a good observer, accurate, patient and objective and applies logical thought to the observations he makes. He utilizes the facts he observes to the fullest extent. For example, trained observers obtain a very large amount of information about a star mainly from the accurate analysis of the simple lines that appear in a spectrum. He is skeptical - he does not accept statements which are not based on the most

complete evidence available - and therefore rejects authority as the sole basis for truth. Scientists always check statements and make experiments carefully and objectively to verify them. Furthermore, he is not only critical of the work of others, but also of his own, since he knows that man is the least reliable of scientific instruments and that a number of factors tend to disturb objective investigation. Lastly, he is highly imaginative since he often has to look for relationships in data which are not only complex but also frequently incomplete. Furthermore, he needs imagination if he wants to make hypotheses of how processes work and how events take place. These seem to be some of the ways in which a successful scientist or technologist thinks and acts. 81. Many people believe that science helps society progress through A. applied knowledge. B. more than one aspect. C. technology only. D. the use of machines. 82. Which of the following statements is INCORRECT about curiosity? A. It gives the scientist confidence and pleasure in work. B. It gives rise to interest in problems that are unexplained. C. It leads to efforts to investigate potential connections. D. It encourages the scientist to look for new ways of acting. 83. According to the passage, a successful scientist would not A. easily believe in unchecked statements. B. easily criticize others' research work. C. always use his imagination in work. D. always use evidence from observation 84. What does the passage mainly discuss? A. Application of technology. B. Progress in modem society. C. Scientists' ways of thinking and acting. D. How to become a successful scientist. 85. What is the author's attitude towards the topic? A. Critical. B. Objective. C. Biased. D. Unclear. TEXT B Over the past several decades, the U.S., Canada, and Europe have received a great deal of media and even research attention over unusual phenomena and unsolved mysteries. These include UFOs as well as sightings and encounters with "nonhuman creatures" such as Bigfoot and the Loch Ness monster. Only recently has Latin America begun to receive some attention as well. Although the mysteries of the Aztec,

Mayan, and Inca civilizations have been known for centuries, now the public is also becoming aware of unusual, paranormal phenomena in countries such as Peru. The Nazca―lines‖ of Peru were discovered in the 1930s. These lines are deeply carved into a flat, stony plain, and form about 300 intricate pictures of animals such as birds, a monkey, and a lizard. Seen at ground level, the designs are a jumbled senseless mess. The images are so large that they can only be viewed at a height of 1,000 feet meaning from an aircraft. Yet there were no aircraft in 300 B.C., when it is judged the designs were made. Nor were there then, or are there now, any nearby mountain ranges from which to view them. So how and why did the native people of Nazca create these marvelous designs? One answer appeared in 1969, when the German researcher and writer Erich von Daniken proposed that the lines were drawn by extraterrestrials as runways for their aircraft. The scientific community did not take long to scoff at and abandon von Daniken's theory. Over the years several other theories have been put forth, but none has been accepted by the scientific community. Today there is a new and heightened interest in the Nazca lines. It is a direct result of the creation of the Interment. Currently there are over 60 sites dedicated to this mystery from Latin America's past, and even respected scientists have joined the discussion through e-mail and chat rooms. Will the Interment help explain these unsolved mysteries? Perhaps it is a step in the right direction. 86. Which of the following statements is INCORRECT? A. Latin America has long received attention for unusual phenomena. B. Public attention is now directed towards countries like Peru. C. Public interest usually focuses on North America and Europe. D. Some ancient civilizations have unsolved mysteries. 87. According to the passage, the Nazca lines were found A. in mountains. B. in stones. C. on animals. D. on a plain. 88. We can infer from the passage that the higher the lines are seen, the the images they present. A. smaller B. larger C. clearer D. brighter 89. There has been increasing interest in the Nazca lines mainly because of A. the participation of scientists. B. the emergence of the Interment. C. the birth of new theories. D. the interest in the Interment. 90. The author is about the role of the Interment in solving mysteries. A. cautious B. pessimistic

C. uncertain D. optimistic TEXT C Graduation speeches are a bit like wedding toasts. A few are memorable. The rest tend to trigger such thoughts as, "Why did I wear such uncomfortable shoes?" But graduation speeches are less about the message than the messenger. Every year a few colleges and universities in the US attract attention because they've managed to book high-profile speakers. And, every year, the media report some of these speakers' wise remarks. Last month, the following words of wisdom were spread: "You really haven't completed the circle of success unless you can help somebody else move forward." (Oprah Winfrey, Duke University) "There is no way to stop change; change will come. Go out and give us a future worthy of the world we all wish to create together." (Hillary Clinton, New York University) "This really is your moment. History is yours to bend." (Joe Biden, Wake Forest University) Of course, the real "get" of the graduation season was first lady Michelle Obama's appearance at the University of California, Merced. "Remember that you are blessed," she told the class of 2009, "Remember that in exchange for those blessings, you must give something back... As advocate and activist Marian Wright Edelman says, 'Service is the rent we pay for living ... it is the true measure, the only measure of success'." Calls to service have a long, rich tradition in these speeches. However, it is possible for a graduation speech to go beyond clich6 and say something truly compelling. The late writer David Foster Wallace's 2005 graduation speech at Kenyon College in Ohio talked about how to truly care about other people. It gained something of a cult after it was widely circulated on the Interment. Apple Computer CEO Steve Jobs' address at Stanford University that year, in which he talked about death, is also considered one of the best in recent memory. But when you're sitting in the hot sun, fidgety and freaked out, do you really want to be lectured about the big stuff? Isn't that like trying to maintain a smile at your wedding reception while some relative gives a toast that amounts to "marriage is hard work"? You know he's right; you just don't want to think about it at that particular moment. In fact, as is the case in many major life moments, you can't really manage to think beyond the blisters your new shoes are causing. That may seem anticlimactic. But it also gets to the heart of one of life's greatest, saddest truths: that our most "memorable" occasions may elicit the fewest memories. It's probably not something most graduation speakers would say, but it's one of the first lessons of growing up. 91. According to the passage, most graduation speeches tend to recall memories. A. great B. trivial

C. unforgettable D. unimaginative 92. "But graduation speeches are less about the message than the messenger" is explained A. in the final paragraph. B. in the last but one paragraph. C. in the first paragraph. D. in the same paragraph. 93. The graduation speeches mentioned in the passage are related to the following themes EXCEPT A. death. a. success. C. service. D. generosity. 94. It is implied in the passage that at great moments people fail to A. remain clear-headed. B. keep good manners. C. remember others' words. D. recollect specific details. 95. What is "one of the first lessons of growing up"? A. Attending a graduation ceremony. B. Listening to graduation speeches. C. Forgetting details of memorable events. D. Meeting high-profile graduation speakers. TEXT D Cultural rules determine every aspect of food consumption. Who eats together defines social units. For example, in some societies, the nuclear family is the unit that regularly eats together. The anthropologist Mary Douglas has pointed out that, for the English, the kind of meal and the kind of food that is served relate to the kinds of social links between people who are eating together. She distinguishes between regular meals, Sunday meals when relatives may come, and cocktail parties for acquaintances. The food served symbolizes the occasion and reflects who is present. For example, only snacks are served at a cocktail party. It would be inappropriate to serve a steak or hamburgers. The distinctions among cocktails, regular meals, and special dinners mark the social boundaries between those guests who are invited for drinks, those who are invited to dinner, and those who come to a family meal. In this example, the type of food symbolizes the category of guest and with whom it is eaten. In some New Guinea societies, the nuclear family is not the unit that eats together. The men take their meals in a men's house, separately from their wives and children. Women prepare and eat their food in their own houses and take the husband's portion to the men's house. The women eat with their children in their own houses. This pattern is also widespread among Near Eastern societies. Eating is a metaphor that is sometimes used to signify marriage. In many New

Guinea societies, like that of the Lesu on the island of New Ireland in the Pacific and that of the Trobriand Islanders, marriage is symbolized by the couple's eating together for the first time. Eating symbolizes their new status as a married couple. In U.S. society, it is just the reverse. A couple may go out to dinner on a first date. Other cultural rules have to do with taboos against eating certain things. In some societies, members of a clan, a type of kin (family) group, are not allowed to eat the animal or bird that is their totemic ancestor. Since they believe themselves to be descended from that ancestor, it would be like eating that ancestor or eating themselves. There is also an association between food prohibitions and rank, which is found in its most extreme form in the caste system of India. A caste system consists of ranked groups, each with a different economic specialization. In India, there is an association between caste and the idea of pollution. Members of highly ranked groups can be polluted by coming into contact with the bodily secretions, particularly saliva, of individuals of lower-ranked castes. Because of the fear of pollution, Brahmans and other high-ranked individuals will not share food with, not eat from the same plate as, not even accept food from an individual from a low-ranking caste. 96. According to the passage, the English make clear distinctions between A. people who eat together. B. the kinds of food served. C. snacks and hamburgers. D. family members and guests. 97. According to the passage, who will NOT eat together? A. The English. B. Americans on their first date. C. Men and women in Near Eastern societies. D. Newly-weds on the island of New Ireland. 98. According to the passage, eating together indicates all the following EXCEPT A. the type of food. B. social relations. C. marital status. D. family ties. 99. The last paragraph suggests that in India decides how people eat. A. pollution B. food C. culture D. social status 100. Which of the following can best serve as the topic of the passage? A. Different kinds of food in the world. B. Relations between food and social units. C. Symbolic meanings of food consumption. D. Culture and manners of eating. PART VI WRITING [45 MIN]

SECTION A COMPOSITION [35 MIN] It was recently reported in a newspaper that six students who shared a dorm at a local university hired a cleaner to do laundry and cleaning once a week. And each of them paid her 60 yuan a month. This has led to a heated debate as to whether college students should hire cleaners. Write on ANSWER SHEET THREE a composition of about 200 words on the following topic: Should College Students Hire Cleaners? You are to write in three parts. In the first part, state clearly what your view is. In the second part, support your view with appropriate reasons. In the last part, bring what you have written to a natural conclusion or a summary. Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness. Failure to follow the instructions may result in a loss of marks. SECTION B NOTE-WRITING [10 MINI Write on ANSWER SHEET THREE a note of about 50-60 words based on the following situation: Your good friend, John, is thinking of organizing an end-of-the-term party. Write him a note telling him that you like his idea and offer to help him. You have to be specific about how you can help him. Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness. The UK has a well-respected higher education system and some of the top universities and research institutions in the world. But to those who are new to it all, it can be overwhelming and sometimes confusing. October is usually the busiest month in the academic calendar. Universities have something called Freshers' Week for their newcomers. It's a great opportunity to make new friends, join lots of clubs and settle into university life. However, having just left the comfort of home and all your friends behind, the prospect of meeting lots of strangers in big halls can be nerve-wracking. Where do you start? Who should you make friends with? Which clubs should you join? Luckily, there will be thousands of others in the same boat as you worrying about starting their university social life on the right foot. So just take it all in slowly. Don't rush into anything that you'll regret for the next three years.

2010 年英语专四听力参考答案(周玉亮版本)

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

D room services D air tickets, local transport and all meals A The traveller is reluctant to buy travel insurance C Mark doesn‘t know the exact number of the delegates yet A the arrival time of the guest speakers B two D an airline company C her laptop C in her client‘s office

10. D the check book inside bore her name 11. D the Arts ans Science program 12. B Thirty thousand dollars 13. A federal loans 14. D Australia 15. D take children to watch sports events 16. B spend more time with chidren 17. C Australia 18. B infected children and women 19. D it has worked in five countries till now 20. A the importance of government support 21. C a 23-year-old woman

22. B two months later 23. A all parties have agreed upon it 24. D the end of 2011 25. C the prison authorities 26. A to be imprisoned and fined 27. B public use of the beach 28. A The airport was shut down for Friday 29. C 21 30. A The rescue operation involved many people 31 B in other words 32 A sounds 33 C so that 34 D upon 35 B combined 36 A written down. 37 D or 38 B associations 39 A filled 40 D and 41 B recall 42 C read and learn 43 B increases. 44 D powerfully

45 A charming 46 C literary 47 B words. 48 D by 49 A move 50 C make 51. D Her Eyes were red from excessive reading 52. A must have gone 53. D strong enough 54. C what

55. B as 56. C Each they have bought the same book.

57. B does he 58. D and 59. C he

60. A hand in 61. D the subject 62. C Many his friends came to the party.

63. A The directors appointed John manager. 64. D yet

65. B not being tall 66. B conflict

67. D about 68. C particpants

69. B bitter 70. D decisive 71. A lately 72. C stagnant

73. D restricting 74. D touches 75. A indulgence 76. C accordingly

77. B very near 78. D make out 79. A generous 80. C scrambled 81. B more than one aspect 82. A it gives the scientist confidence and pleasure in work 83. A easily believe in unchecked statements 84. C scientists‘s way of thinking and acting 85. B objective

86. A Latin Amercia has long received attention 87. D on a plain 88. C clearer

89. B the emergence of the internet 90. D optimistic

91. B trivial 92. D in the same paragraph 93. D generosity 94. C remember others‘ words 95. C forgetting details of memorable events

96. D family members and guests 97. C men and women in near Eastern societies 98. A the type of food 99. D social status 100. D culture and manners of eating

TEST FOR ENGLISH MAJORS (2014) -GRADE FOURTIME LIMIT: 135 MIN PART I DICTATION [15 MIN] Listen to the following passage. Altogether the passage will be read to you four times. During the first reading, which will be done at normal speed, listen and try to understand the meaning. For the second and third readings, the passage will be read sentence by sentence, or phrase by phrase, with intervals of 15 seconds. The last reading will be done at normal speed again and during this time you should check your work. You will then be given 2 minutes to check through your work once more. Please write the whole passage on ANSWER SHEET ONE. PART II LISTENING COMPREHENSION [20 MIN] In Sections A, B and C you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the best answer to each question on Answer Sheet Two. SECTION A CONVERSATIONS In this section you will hear several conversations. Listen to the conversations carefully and then a nswer the questions that follow. Questions 1 to 3 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the conversation. 1. What are they mainly talking about in the conversation? A. Transport. B. Customers. C. Relocation. D. Restaurants. 2. Which of the following is mentioned by Tim as a good reason for moving? A. More office space. B. Convenient parking. C. Fewer office workers. D. A near-by train station. 3.Why is Jane worried about winter in the new location? A. It is much colder there. B. There are few activities. C. There are no good restaurants. D. There is no cinema or theatre. Questions 4 to 7 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will

be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the conversation. 4. Miss Parkinson became interested in her own business _______. A. before she worked for the media company B. when she was on holiday five years ago C. after she went to therapists and classes D. after her friend recommended it to her 5.Why did she ask her teachers to teach her at home? A. She was busier than before. B. It was more convenient. C. She liked to exercise at home. D. She was given a promotion. 6.Which of the following is NOT true according to the conversation? A. She recommended people to take classes. B. She was willing to pay more for classes at home. C. She left her job immediately after her promotion. D. She regarded the business as a pastime at first. 7. Why did she finally leave her job? A. She got bored with her job. B. She saw an opportunity. C. She needed the money. D. She was forced to leave. Questions 8 to 10 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you wi ll be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the conversation. 8. Which of the following is NOT mentioned about the single-lens reflex? A. Different lenses can be used. B. Focusing is easier. C. You can see what you are taking. D. It is cheaper and lighter. 9. According to the shop assistant, the main difference between the two types of cameras lies in ___ ____. A. lens B. price C. weight D. size 10. It can be inferred from the conversation that the customer is more likely to buy _______ in the end. A. a single-lens camera B. nothing C. a rangefinder camera D. several lenses instead SECTION B PASSAGES

In this section, you will hear several passages. Listen to the passages carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Questions 11 to 13 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be give n 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage. 11. Which of the following details about the front of the house is CORRECT? A. The front is pink. B. The curtain is drawn. C. No window can be seen. D. There are two doors. 12. What is to the immediate left side of the house? A. A washing line. B. Another house. C. A flat area. D. A chimney. 13. Where is the small town in the picture? A. Between two hills. B. Further to the left of the house. C. At the back of the house. D. At the side of a hill. Questions 14 to 17 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be give n 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage. 14. When did Ben first become interested in Mongolia? A. When he grew up. B. When he learned Mongolian. C. When he returned home. D. When he was nine years old. 15. Where did he spend most of his teenage years? A. In Mongolia. B. In the Arab world. C. In his hometown. D. In some other regions. 16. We learn from the passage that Ben _______ while doing his master‘s degree. A. became interested in classical Mongolian B. learned classical and modern Mongolian C. gave up modern Mongolian D. mastered modern Mongolian 17. Which of the following details is NOT true according to the passage? A. Ben wants to visit Mongolia when the weather is warm. B. Ben considers the travel expense reasonable. C. The trip today is expensive considering inflation. D. Ben was unable to travel to Mongolia in 1971. Questions 18 to 20 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be give

n 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage. 18. Which is the height of towers at Sky Greens vertical farm? A. 9 meters. B. 20 meters. C. 100 meters. D. 40 meters. 19. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A. The farm sells its vegetables to a local supermarket. B. The farm uses less water and energy to grow vegetables. C. The farm causes less pollution in its production. D. The farm sells at the same price as imported produce 20. According to the passage, one particular advantage of the Sky Green is _______. A. local climate B. local support C. plan for expansion D. closeness to the city SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST In this section, you will hear several news items. Listen to them carefully and then answer the quest ions that follow. Questions 21 and 22 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be giv en 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now. listen to the news. 21. According to the passage, Turkish police were unsure about _______. A. when the woman was killed B. the main cause of the death C. the woman‘s identity D. why she failed to return home 22. How many people had been detained by Turkish police? A. 9. B. 19. C.22. D. 33. Questions 23 and 24 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be giv en 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news. 23. What is the situation now in Kidal according to the news? A. Islamist militants are still in control of the town. B. French forces have entered the town. C. French are going to land at the airport. D. Islamist militants are attacking the airport. 24. Why did the French launch the military operation?

A. To control Kidal airport. B. To protect the town. C. To protect the capital Bamako. D. To fight against Islamist militants. Questions 25 and 26 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be giv en 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news. 25. Which of the following is TRUE about the immigration reform? A. It was proposed by a group of senators. B. Mr Obama had carried out the reform. C. Illegal immigrants would soon be given citizenship. D. The reform failed to improve the current system. 26. According to Obama‘s 2011 blueprint, how long would it take for illegal immigrants to gain cit izenship? A. Eight years. B. Five years. C. Thirteen years. D. Eleven years. Questions 27 and 28 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be giv en 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news. 27. What is Lorraine Melvill‘s business? A. Running a plastic surgery clinic. B. Arranging for surgery and safaris. C. Providing consultancy to local people. D. Organizing trips to UK and American. 28. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the news item? A. Local African clients helped keep her business going. B. Her clients were unable to pay her the money. C. Her business was affected by the global financial crisis. D. She still had as many European clients as before. Questions 29 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 5 seco nds to answer the question. Now, listen to the news. 29. What is the main idea of the news item? A. Foreign investment in unstable regions. B. BP‘s presence in North Africa. C. Security concerns in risky countries. D. Protection for foreign oil workers. Questions 30 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 5 seco nds to answer the question. Now, listen to the news.

30. What is the main message of the news item? A. London attracts shoppers from all over the world. B. Most people in Nigeria live in poverty. C. Wealthier Nigerians become a big spender. D. People from the Middle East are the most wealthy. PART III CLOZE [15 MIN] Decide which of the choices given below would best complete the passage if inserted in the corresp onding blanks. Mark the best choice for each blank on ANSWER SHEET TWO. The Victorians had become addicted to speed and they wanted to go ever faster. Time was money a nd efficiency became (31)____ important. Although divisions of labour had been (32)____ by Ada m Smith and illustrated by a pin factory in The Wealth of Nations in 1776, (33)____ could now become fully realised. This specialization of labour was in (34)____ contrast to the rural means of production, in (35)____ the family was the means of production, consumption and socialization. (36)____ greater speed came a greater need for industri es and businesses to make more and make it quicker. Steam made this (37)____ and changed worki ng life forever (38)____ were the days when work was (39)____ by natural forces: steam engines w ere servant (40)____ neither season nor sunshine. Factories had foremen and life became correspon dingly more (41)____. The clocking-on machine was (42)____ in 1885 and time and motion studie s to increase efficiency would be introduced only (43)____ twenty years later. (44)____ it was not a ll bad news. Agricultural incomes depended on variable harvests and weather. Factories provided (4 5)____ and predictable income, but long hours. Working life was becoming increasingly regulated, and the working (46)____ was reorganised to pr omote ever-greater efficiency. The old (47)____ St. Monday - when no work was done - was (48)__ __, work stopped around midday on Saturday and did not resume (49)____ Monday morning. A ne w division between ―work‖ and ―leisure‖ emerged, and this new block of weekend leisure time coin cided with the development of spectator sports like cricket and football, and the (50)____ of music hall entertainment for the new working classes. 31. A. increasingly B. surprisingly C. slowly D. obviously 32. A. contributed B. informed C. spread D. conceived 33. A. he B. it C. these D. those 34. A. clear B. marked C. apparent

D. firm 35. A. that B. what C. where D. which 36. A. Upon B. Over C. With D. For 37. A. possible B. practical C. worthwhile D. useful 38. A. Passed B. Lost C. Gone D. Missed 39. A. defined B. controlled C. limited D. dictated 40. A. over B. on C. by D. to 41. A. standard B. controlled C. difficult D. dreadful 42. A. designed B. created C. invented D. bought 43. A. some B. certain C. these D. those 44. A. For B. But C. Consequently D. Accordingly 45. A. safe B. good C. continuous

D. secure 46. A. week B. period C. pattern D. practice 47. A. culture B. behavior C. custom D. habit 48. A. repair B. compensate C. mend D. moderate 49. A. before B. until C. on D. after 50. A. raise B. increase C. trend D. present PART IV GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY [15 MIN] There are thirty sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words, phrases or st atements marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word, phrase or statement that best completes the sentence. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET TWO. 51. It is essential that he ________ all the facts first. A. is examining B. will examine C. examines D. examine 52. Which of the following sentences expresses a future action? A. Lucy is continually finding fault with her sister. B. We are meeting the visitors after the performance. C. The coach is now crossing the Garden Bridge. D. I‘m hoping that you‘ll give us some advice. 53. Which of the following italicized parts is used as an object complement? A. The front door remained locked B. The boy looked disappointed C. Nancy appeared worried

D. He seemed to have no money left 54. Which of the following sentences is INCORRECT? A. Physics is an important school subject. B. The Niagara Falls is in North America. C. The United States borders Canada. D. Mumps is a kind of infectious disease. 55. Which of the following sentences indicates POSSIBILITY? A. The moon cannot always be at the full. B. You cannot smoke inside the building. C. He cannot come today. D. She cannot play the piano. 56. The boys in the family are old enough for ________. A. schools B. school C. the school D. the schools 57. Which of the following italicized parts indicates a predicate-object relationship? A. He was reading Mary’s letter in the room. B. You can buy men’s shoes in this shop. C. Mrs. Black’s passport was lost. D. The enemy’s defeat brought the war to an end. 58. Please pardon ________ you. A. my disturbing B. disturbing me C. to disturb D. that I disturb 59. Which of the following tag questions is INCORRECT? A. Carry this parcel for me, will you? B. Nobody wants to go there, does he? C. Few people know him, don‘t they? D. Everything is ready, isn‘t it? 60. Which of the following reflexive pronouns(反身代词)is used as an object? A. I spoke to the president himself. B. Frank is not quite himself today. C. Linda herself will play the violin. D. You must pull yourself together. 61. The research team can handle ________ needs to be handled. A. whenever B. whichever C. wherever D. whatever 62. Which of the following italicized parts modifies an adverb? A. I rather like my teacher. B. That was a very funny film.

C. Do it right now. D. We walked about 6 miles. 63. When the sentence ―They had made a mess of the house‖ is turned into passive voice, which of the following is CORRECT? A. A mess had been made in the house. B. A mess had been made by them. C. The house had been made a mess of. D. The house had been made a mess. 64. Fool ________ Michael is, he could not have done such a thing. A. as B. who C. that D. like 65. When the sentence ―Shall I drive you to the airport first?‖ is turned into indirect speech, which of the following is most appropriate? A. He agreed to drive me to the airport first. B. He offered to drive me to the airport first. C. He advised me to go to the airport first. D. He suggested that I drive to the airport first. 66. The interviewers were impressed by the high calibre of the applicants for the job. The underlin ed part means ________. A. criterion B. quality C. qualification D. level 67. Her career has ________ a number of activities — composing, playing and acting. A. held B. produced C. embraced D. combined 68. The operation could ________ her life by two or three years. A. prolong B. increase C. expand D. continue 69. All her cousins and their children have fair hair. The underlined part means ________. A. fine B. dark C. thick D. light 70. John always feels sluggish first thing in the morning. The underlined part means ________. A. sick B. inactive C. dizzy

D. drowsy 71. The family of the victim had to endure a long wait before the case cane to trial. The underlined part means ________. A. tolerate B. keep C. face D. hold 72. The chief of surgery became committee chairman by virtue of ________. A. seniority B. service C. age D. rank 73. He turned his back on them when they most needed him. The underlined part means ________. A. criticized B. ignored C. betrayed D. deceived 74. Our school did not ________ for Christmas until mid-December. A. break out B. break down C. break up D. break in 75. The flags in the stadium ________ in the wind. A. flapped B. moved C. shook D. stirred 76. His mother retired early on account of poor health. The underlined part means ________. A. despite B. with C. according to D. because of 77. The whole country was in ________ over the result of the elections. A. suspension B. suspense C. suspending D. suspender 78. There is no conceivable reason why there should be any difficulty during the project. The unde rlined part can be replaced by all the following EXCEPT ________. A. thinkable B. imaginable C. possible D. observable

79. The employers prepared, with all due ________ for a conference with the Trade Unions. A. caution B. concern C. certainty D. consideration 80. Our experiment was conducted under optimal conditions. The underlined part means ________ . A. perfect B. proper C. possible D. proposed PART V READING COMPREHENSION [25 MIN] In this section there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statements, each with fo ur suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the best answer . Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET TWO. TEXT A After breakfast the boys wandered out into the play-ground. Here the day-boys were gradually asse mbling. They were sons of the local clergy, of the officers at the Depot, and of such manufacturers or men of business as the old town possessed. Presently a bell rang, and they all trooped into school. This consisted of a large, long room at oppos ite ends of which two under masters conducted the second and third forms, and of a smaller one, lea ding out of it, used by Mr. Watson, who taught the first form. To attach the preparatory to the senior school these three classes were known officially, on speech days and in reports, as upper, middle, a nd lower second. Philip was put in the last. The master, a red-faced man with a pleasant voice, was called Rice; he had a jolly manner with boys, and the time passed quickly. Philip was surprised whe n it was quarter to eleven and they were let out for ten minutes' rest. The whole school rushed noisily into the play-ground. The new boys were told to go into the middl e, while the others stationed themselves along opposite walls. They began to play Pig in the Middle . The old boys ran from wall to wall while the new boys tried to catch them: when one was seized a nd the mystic words said - one, two, three, and a pig for me - he became a prisoner and, turning sid es, helped to catch those who were still free. Philip saw a boy running past and tried to catch him, b ut his limp gave him no chance; and the runners, taking their opportunity, made straight for the gro und he covered. Then one of them had the brilliant idea of imitating Philip‘s clumsy run. Other boy s saw it and began to laugh; then they all copied the first; and they ran round Philip, limping grotes quely, screaming with shrill laughter. They lost their heads with the delight of their new amusement , and choked with helpless merriment. One of them tripped Philip up and he fell, heavily as he alwa ys fell, and cut his knee. They laughed all the louder when he got up. A boy pushed him from behin d, and he would have fallen again if another had not caught him. The game was forgotten in the ent ertainment of Philip‘s deformity. Philip was completely scared.

He could not make out why they were laughing at him. His heart beat so that he could hardly breath e, and he was more frightened than he had ever been in his life. He stood still stupidly while the bo ys ran round him, mimicking and laughing; they shouted to him to try and catch them; but he did no t move. He did not want them to see him run any more. He was using all his strength to prevent him self from crying. 81. From the beginning of the passage we learn that ________. A. some pupils came from the local area B. the school only accepted day-boys C. the school had only three classes D. Philip‘s class was part of the senior school 82. What was Philip‘s reaction to his class? A. He thought class was too short. B. He found his class surprising. C. He seemed to have enjoyed it. D. He wanted to change class. 83. In the game Philip lost his ground because ________. A. the game wasn‘t fit for new boys like him B. the playground wasn‘t big enough for the game C. he did not know the rules of the game D. he could not run as quickly as other boys 84. What did the boys do after Philip lost his ground? A. They continued with the game. B. They stopped to make fun of him. C. They changed to another game. D. They stopped and went inside. 85. How did Philip feel in the end? A. He was ashamed of himself. B. He was very nervous. C. He was really horrified. D. He felt himself stupid. TEXT B For parents who send their kids off to college saying, ―These will be the best years of your life,‖ it would be very appropriate to add, ―If you can handle the stress of college life.‖ Freshmen are showing up already stressed out, according to the latest research study that reported st udents‘ emotional health levels at their lowest since the survey started in 1985. While in school, mo re students are working part-time and near-full-time jobs. At graduation, only 29 percent of seniors have jobs lined up. Pressure to excel often creates stress, and many students are not learning how to effectively handle t his stress. Let me show five facts that I believe every college student should know about stress.

First, stress can make smart people do stupid things. Stress causes what brain researchers call ―corti cal inhibition.‖ In simple terms, stress inhibits a part of the brain responsible for decision-making a nd reaction time and can adversely affect other mental abilities as well. Second, the human body doesn‘t discriminate between a big stressful event and a little one. Any str essful experience will create about 1,400 biochemical events in your body. If any amount of stress i s left unchecked, many things can occur within the body, including premature aging, impaired cogn itive function and energy drain. Third, stress can become your new pattern. When you regularly experience negative feelings and hi gh amounts of stress, your brain recognizes this as your normal state. This then becomes the new n orm, or baseline for your emotional state. Fourth, stress can be controlled. Countless studies demonstrate that people can restructure their em otional state using emotion-refocusing techniques. These techniques help you recognize how you ar e feeling and shift to a more positive emotional, mental and physical state. One technique involves slowing your thoughts and focusing on your heartbeat, breathing slowly an d deeply, and focusing on the positive feeling that you receive. Finally, stress can be lessened by loving what you study. Barbara Frederickson, a leading internatio nal authority on the importance of positive emotions, says humans are genetically programmed to s eek positive emotions such as love and joy. It's suggested to choose a major or career path you love and enjoy. Otherwise, you could end up fighting against your own biology 86. The author cites the latest research study in order to show that ________. A. students are studying harder in college B. most students have part-time job now C. stress continues to the time of graduation D. students only feel stressed while in school 87. According to the passage, stress might cause all the following negative effects EXCEPT _____ ___. A. social B. mental C. emotional D. physical 88. In the author‘s opinion, stress can be controlled by ________. A. doing what you prefer B. identifying your present emotional state first C. finding a more positive feeling first D. focusing on your emotional state 89. According to the context, what does ―your own biology‖ mean in the last paragraph? A. Your current major.

B. Your future job. C. Your future research. D. Your preference. 90. Which of the following is the best as the title of the passage? A. Causes of Stress. B. Type of Stress. College C. Life and Stress. D. Stress and Control Methods. TEXT C For anyone who doubts that the texting revolution is upon us, consider this: The average 13to 17-year-old sends and receives 3,339 texts a month—more than 100 per day, according to the Ni elsen Co., the media research firm. Adults are catching up. People from ages 45 to 54 sent and recei ved 323 texts a month in the second quarter of 2010, up 75% from a year ago, Nielsen says. Behind the texting explosion is a fundamental shift in how we view our mobile devices. That they a re phones is increasingly beside the point . Part of what's driving the texting surge among adults is the popularity of social media. Sites lik

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