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高中英语外研版必修5课件模块重点小结1_图文

模块重点小结

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1.

doesn’t make much of a difference

a teacher speaks British or American English. 老师说英式英语还是美式英语并无太大的影响。 重 2.Sometimes the same word has a slightly different meaning, 点 can be confusing. 句 有时候同一个单词的含义有微小的差别,这可能会让人感到困 型 惑。

3.The other two areas

the two

varieties differ are spelling and pronunciation. 在两种英语中另外两个领域的区别是拼写和发音。

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4.A Londoner has more difficulty

a

Scotsman from Glasgow than understanding a New Yorker.

重 一个伦敦人要听懂来自格拉斯哥的苏格兰人讲话可能要比理

点 解一个纽约人更难。

句 5.The Chinese refer to their language as Han,

it

型 became popular among the people during the Han Dynasty. 中国人把他们的语言称为汉语,因为它是在汉朝的时候开始流

行的。

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Review of verb forms(1)复习动词形式(1)

1.Mr.Smith

(hate)fish and never eats any.

史密斯先生讨厌鱼,而且从不吃鱼。

2.Why

you always

重 questions?

点 你为什么总是问这么愚蠢的问题?

语 3.There

法 tax law tonight.

今晚有一个有关税法的报告。

(ask)such silly (be)a report on

4.I

(be)a teacher for twenty

years. 我做教师已有二十年了。

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Giving reasons 给出理由 1.I like Leeds because there’s more going on here than back home in the states.(我喜欢利兹,因为在这里比在美国国内发生 更多的事情。) 2.Since English is spoken all over the world,there are lots of 功 varieties.(因为世界各地的人都讲英语,所以英语有很多种变 能 体。) 3.As I was the only British person in the school,they made a fuss of me.(因为我是学校中唯一的英国人,他们真的对我有点大惊 小怪了。) 4.I’m getting on just fine,now that I understand the local accent.(既然我听得懂当地的口音,我进展相当顺利。)

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答案:重点句型:1.It;whether 2.which 3.in which 4.understanding 5.as
重点语法:1.hates 2.are;asking 3.is going to be 4.have been

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高考英语阅读七选五做题技巧 一、解题策略 1.理清句际间意义的关系 文章的内容是根据各层各段的大意有机地组合而成,各个层次、 各个段落之间不管怎样错落有致,但它所表达的内容都是要围绕中 心的,各句之间都有一定的语脉,从逻辑意义上来看,语段的句际关 系可分为平列、顺序、层递、转折、总分、解释、因果等关系。 构成语段的各个句子之间有时可以包含一种以上的句际关系。因 此,理解阅读材料时一定要把握语脉,理清句际间的关系,进而理解 语段或全文的内容。

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2.找出句子之间的连接性的词语 文章的语句间的组合,除了从语句间的意义关系分析外,还可借 助句子之间的连接性词语来把握,因为连接性词语能表明这个语段 句与句之间、层与层之间的基本关系有承接关系(如 so,therefore,thus,hence,accordingly,consequently,as a result 等)、平 列关系(如
first,second,third...;firstly,secondly,thirdly...;first,next,then...;in the
first place,in the second place...;for one thing,for another thing...;to begin with,to conclude 等)。

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二、实施步骤

对一个语段或语篇的分析,可以按以下步骤进行: 1.通读全文 对文章进行快速浏览,寻找主题句,抓住文章结构及文章的写作内容。 在阅读过程中,要注意文章的开始与结束段落,尤其是文章的首段及 末段末句,因为“开门见山”与“结尾总结”的写作方式为常见的写作方 式,首段的末句一般是全文的主题所在,说明本文将探讨哪些内容,并简 要指出文章的写作思路,有时甚至会以提纲的形式进行呈现。首段的 末句对于快速掌握文章的主题具有重要意义,如果它是文章的主题句, 就可以使读者迅速明确文章情节将如何展开,并对文章的写作主题有 了整体的了解。如果末句不是主题句,则需要继续寻找。这时,可以考 虑文章的写作方式是否为“结尾总结”式,如两者均可排除,则需在文章 中其他段落寻找主题句,但要注意首段与末段的提示作用。

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2.详读段落 在短时间内,找出每段写作内容的关键词。明确各段的主题句或 主旨大意。 文章正文部分通常分为若干小段落。各段落会根据整体文章写 作主题展开,对文章主体进行不同方面的描述。找出各个小段落中 的关键词,明确其描述内容,为整体试题的解决做好铺垫。

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3.定位选项 明确各备选选项的含义,抓住其关键词语,根据文章整体结构与 具体内容,将选项填入文中,填写时尤为注意各选项中出现的句子 衔接手段及句中的衔接标志词。 在定位选项时,要特别注意空格上下段的写作内容,以及空格上 段尾句和下段首句的结构和意义。将所选项放入空白处,看看是否 与上下文构成语义及逻辑上的直接关系,是否符合该处语境。能否 承接前后的写作线索。使文章无论内容还是衔接上都能做到通顺。

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4.通读复检 将所选答案代入文中,再次通读全文,重点考查逻辑关系和关联结 构。在完成选项定位后,应通读全文,检查文章内容是否完整,语义 是否连贯合理、各段落内容是否紧扣主题,语篇结构是否通顺连贯、 具有一致性、合乎逻辑,写作思路是否清晰明了,格式以及用语是否 恰当贴切,从而判断选择的答案是否正确。同时,我们还应注意对相 近选项的对比分析,个别干扰项由于与某个正确选项的内容相近,具 有很强的干扰性,这时就需要我们认真分析,仔细甄别,排除干扰,从 而选出正确选项。 要特别注意,除非有充分的理由否定之前的选择,否则不要仓促更 改。只要前两步投入了精力,动了脑筋,第一印象往往可信度很高。 5.确定排除 研究多余选项,确定排除理由,最终确定答案。

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1 English is spoken as a first language by most people in the USA,Britain,Australia,New Zealand,Ireland and Canada.However,English is spoken all over the world.It is the main language in over 60 countries,such as India,Singapore and in many of the Caribbean and Pacific islands.In those places English is often a second language. English is also as an important international1 language in many other countries,like China and Japan.People in these countries use it for business,and travelers to these countries use English when they get there.Other people may learn English because they enjoy reading books in English,listening to British or American music or watching American films.

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English has changed a lot these years and still goes on changing.It is no longer right to talk about British English or American English if the speaker doesn’t come from those countries.People in Japan or South Korea,for example,may use the American spelling but may not sound like Americans.
English will be the most widely used language in the world in the 21st century.This language no longer belongs to2 British,American or Australian speakers.It belongs to anyone who can use this language.After you leave school,you will almost certainly need it.

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词海拾贝 1.international [Int?'n??(?)n(?)l] adj.国际的;国际关系的;世界的 2.belong to 属于

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理解诱思

1.In how many countries is English spoken as a first language in the

world?

A.Five.

B.Four. .Three. D.Six.

2.If people in Japan or South Korea use the American

spelling,they

.

A.will speak the same as Americans

B.may not sound like Americans

C.will speak British English

D.will speak English much better

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3.Which topic is the best for the passage? 答案:1.D 2.B 3.English around the world.

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2 British English and American English are almost the same.But there are slight differences between British and American English in vocabulary,pronunciation,spelling and grammar. The first difference between British and American English is in vocabulary.Almost all of the words used in British English and American English are exactly the same.Only a very small number of words are used disparately1.For example,Americans would say “apartment”,but the British would say “flat” to talk about the place where they live.In addition to some common words,many idiomatic2 expressions are different.In England people might say “I’ll ring you up tonight”,but in the US,people might say “I’ll call you up tonight”.

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The second difference between British and American English is in

pronunciation.The main difference in pronunciation concerns the

vowels3.Some American dialects and some British dialects use vowels

in different ways.Sometimes,Americans and the British don’t

understand each other’s pronunciation.But most of the time,the

British and Americans do understand each other’s pronunciation

because most of the sounds of the two dialects are the same.

The third difference is very small.This is the difference in spelling.A

few types of words are spelled differently in British and American

English.The most common example is in a word like “center”.In

British English,this word would be spelled C-E-N-T-R-E,while in

American English the same word would be spelled C-E-N-T-E-

R.Another example is “or” vs “our”.The word “color”is spelled C-O-

L-O-U-R in Britain but C-O-L-O-R in the US.

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There are a few differences in grammar,too.The British may say “Have you got...?” while Americans prefer “Do you have...?” An American might say “My friend just arrived”,but a British would say “My friend has just arrived”.Sometimes function words are used differently:the British may say “at the weekend”,but Americans would say “on the weekend”.

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词海拾贝 1.disparately ['dIsp?r?tlI] adv.不相似地;迥然不同地 2.idiomatic [IdI?'m?tIk] adj.惯用的 3.vowel ['va??l] n.元音

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理解诱思

1.According to Paragraph 3,Americans and the British may find it

hard to understand each other because of

.

A.the different ways of using vowels

B.the different idiomatic expressions they use

C.the differences in grammar

D.the differences in spelling

2.Which of the following sentences is most probably used by

Americans? A.I’ll learn with you at the weekend.

B.Have you got a dictionary? C.I’ll ring her up tonight.

D.Do you have a pen?

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3.What is this passage mainly about? 答案:1.A 2.D 3.Differences between British and American English.

全文结束!谢谢 仅供参考学习之用