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高考英语一轮复习同步精炼 Unit 1 Great scientists 新人教版必修5(广东专版)

必修 5 Unit 1 Great scientists

Ⅰ. 语法填空 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个 适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。 It was a sunny Saturday afternoon in Oklahoma City.My friend , a __1__(pride)father,Bobby Lewis was taking his two little boys to play miniature golf(小型高尔夫球).__2__(walk)up to the fellow at the ticket counter,he asked, “How much is __3__to get in?” “Three dollars for you and three dollars for whoever is older than six,” the young man replied,“We will let them in free __4__they are six or younger.How old are they?” Bobby replied,“One is three and the __5__is seven,so I guess I need to give you six dollars.” The man at the ticket counter said with a surprised look on his face,“Hey, did you just win __6__prize or something?You could have saved yourself three dollars.I wouldn’t have known the __7__(differ)if you hadn’t told me that the older one was seven.”Bobby replied,“__8__(sound)true,but the kids would have known that.” In challenging times __9__ethics(道德准则)are more important than ever before, you’d better make sure you set a good example __10__everyone you work and live with. 【解题导语】 在人生的旅途上,诚实就像一张可靠的通行证,无论走到哪里都畅通无 阻,无论去到何地都会受到热情的招待。做人做事,只要做到正直诚实,便能问心无 愧, 更能取得成功!在这个道德缺失的年代,诚实的意义尤为重要! 1.解析:名词前面用形容词形式。
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答案:proud 2.解析:分词作状语。 答案:Walking 3.解析:问价格用 it。 答案:it 4.解析:两个分句之间用连词,后一分句表条件。 答案:if 5.解析:两个当中的另一个用 the other。 答案:other 6.解析:表泛指。 答案:a 7.解析:定冠词前用名词形式。 答案:difference 8.解析:前面省略了 It。 答案:Sounds 9.解析:引导定语从句修饰 times。 答案:when 10.解析:set an example to sb.固定搭配。 答案:to

Ⅱ. 词语填空 用所给单词的适当形式填空。 picture then artist take hope however draw heart continue encourage

When Walt Disney was young,he wanted very much to be a(n) __1__.One day he __2__ along some of his pictures and went to a newspaper office in the __3__ of
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getting a job there.__4__,they were not interested in them. His friends tried to __5__ him. Disney didn’t lose __6__.He __7__ to draw lots of pictures. His family were poor and he used to stay in the family garage and draw __8__ there.One day a mouse came into the garage and played on the floor.Disney stopped __9__ and watched the mouse. The mouse came towards him and he gave it a piece of bread.__10__ the mouse came and danced on his table. Day after day the mouse returned and was given more bread. In this way over several days the artist and the mouse became good friends. 答 案 : 1.artist 7.continued 2.took 3.hope 10.Then 4.However 5.encourage 6.heart

8.pictures 9.drawing

Ⅲ. 词汇运用 1.Her cheerful spirits ________(感染了) the whole class. 2.As a young boy he showed great interest in ________(科学) and did many ________(科学的) experiments in his spare time,which would make him a great ________(科学家) in time. 3.After a long discussion,they ________(得出结论) that the man was lying. 4.Today I have some important things ________(处理). 5.The baby was left ________(毫无遮蔽的) to the wind and rain. 6.We are ready to ________(承担责任) for what happened. 7.The teacher ________(宣布) that we would have a few days off and there would be ________(通知) for the exact time. 8.I ________(接到指令) to wait here until the lecturer arrives. 9.Does smoking ________(对??起作用;贡献) lung cancer? 10.Our idea to set up a music club in the neighbourhood meet many ________(拒 绝). 答 案 : 1.infected conclusion 2.science ; scientific ; scientist 3.concluded/drew a

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4.to attend to announcement 8.was instructed Ⅳ.阅读理解

5 . exposed

6.take/bear the blame

7.announced ; an

9.contribute to


Sandra Cisneros was born in Chicago in 1954 to a Mexican American family. As the only girl in a family of seven children,she often felt like she had “seven fathers”,because her six brothers,as well as her father,tried to control her. Feeling shy and unimportant,she retreated(躲避) into books. Despite her love of reading,she did not do well in elementary school because she was too shy to participate. In high school,with the encouragement of one particular teacher,Cisneros improved her grades and worked for the school literary magazine. Her father encouraged her to go to college because he thought it would be a good way for her to find a husband. Cisneros did attend college,but instead of searching for a husband,she found a teacher who helped her join the famous graduate writing program at the University of Iowa. At the university’s Writers’ Workshop,however,she felt lonely—a Mexican American from a poor neighborhood among students from wealthy families. The feeling of being so different helped Cisneros find her “creative voice.” “It was not until this moment when I considered myself truly different that my writing acquired a voice. I knew I was a Mexican woman,but I didn’t think it had anything to do with why I felt so much imbalance in my life,but it had everything to do with it! That’s when I decided I would write about something my classmates couldn’t write about.” Cisneros published her first work,The House on Mango Street,when she was twenty?nine. The book tells about a young Mexican American girl growing up in a Spanish?speaking area in Chicago,much like the neighborhoods in which Cisneros lived as a child. The book won an award in 1985 and has been used in classes from high school through graduate school level. Since then,Cisneros has published several books of poetry,a children’s book,and a short?story collection. 【文章大意】 本篇文章为我们介绍了一个害羞的小女孩成为知名作家的故事,着重描

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述了她独特的写作风格形成的原因。 1.Which of the following is TRUE about Cisneros in her childhood? A.She had seven brothers. B.She felt herself a nobody. C.She was too shy to go to school. D.She did not have any good teachers. 解析:事实细节题。由第一段的第三句话“感到害羞,不重要,她躲到书本中”可 知应选“nobody”“不重要的人,小人物”。从文中第一段的第二句提到她有 6 个 哥哥,可排除 A;由文中第二段第一句可知 D 项不正确。 答案:B 2.The graduate program gave Cisneros a chance to ________. A.work for a school magazine C.make a lot of friends B.run away from her family D.develop her writing style

解析:事实细节题。由第二段最后两句“在大学的文学社,她感到孤独??这种与 别人不同的认知帮助她找到她的‘独创声音’即写作风格”可推知 D 项正确。 答案:D 3.According to Cisneros,what played the decisive role in her success? A.Her early years in college. C.Her feeling of being different. B.Her training in the Workshop. D.Her childhood experience.

解析:事实细节题。由第二段的最后一句和第三段第一句可得知 C 项正确。 答案:C 4.What do we learn about The House on Mango Street? A.It is quite popular among students. B.It is the only book ever written by Cisneros. C.It wasn’t a success as it was written in Spanish. D.It won an award when Cisneros was twenty?nine. 解析:事实细节题。由第四段第三句“...has been used in classes from high

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school through graduate school level”和第一段第一句可知 A 项正确,D 项错误。由最 后一 段最后一句可知 B 项中的“only”不正确。C 项是逻辑错误。 答案:A 5.According to the text,we know that ________. A.her brothers treated him very kindly B.she didn’t enjoy reading C.she met a Mexican American girl childhood 解析:推理判断题。根据文章第一段的“...tried to control her. Feeling shy and unimportant”可以看出她小时候被家父和兄长管教很严,故她生活的不是很 轻松 愉快。 答案:D Ⅴ.基础写作 开学初老师和家长都要刘海住校学习,他却不喜欢,双方各持己见。假如你是刘海, 用英语把这个情况写信告诉英语周报请求帮助。 老师和家长的理由 1.方便问问题 1.晚上有更多自习时间 2.晚自习时间更有保证 2.学习内容可以自由支配 3.培养独立生活的能力 【写作要求】 1.必须用 5 句话表达全部内容; 2.信的开头、结尾已为你写好。 Dear Sir, I’m a Senior 3 student. 刘海的理由 D.she lived an uneasy life in her

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________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ Yours, Liu Hai 【参考范文】 Dear_Sir, I’m_a_Senior_3_student.I’m writing to tell you the discussion about whether to board in the school or at home. My parents and teachers suggested I board in the school with a handful of reasons. They said it would be convenient for me to ask teachers questions at any time,make the most of my night time,and make it possible to develop my ability of independence. However,I think when staying at home in the evening,I can have more time to work at my lessons,especially the subjects I’m not good at. I really don’t know what to do and want you to give me your advice. Yours, Liu_Hai Ⅵ.读写任务 阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 An English proverb goes like this,“Spare the rod and spoil the child.” It implies that in order to enable a child to grow healthily,parents must make him eat bitter foods,do hard work and be sent to places where he can get the fullest training and knowledge. First of all,eating bitter foods is necessary for a child. Poor food can help cultivate in him the frugal (节俭的 ) habit and make him realize what we eat daily is the fruit or the sweat of the laboring people. Consequently,he will not be wasteful when he grows up. Secondly,parents should also make the child do hard work. Doing hard work will give him an opportunity to taste the bitterness of labor.
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Moreover,hard work may also enable him to cherish the fruit of other’s labor. Finally,children should be sent to somewhere where life is hard if possible. Human society is full of tests and trials. Flowers from a greenhouse can never withstand a storm. Therefore,children should be allowed to face the world and brave the storm. It is in difficult conditions that young people can get the most training and learn how to solve the problems in various circumstances. 【写作内容】 1.概括短文的内容要点,该部分的词数大约为 30; 2.就“童年时代需要艰难生活的磨砺”这一主题发表你的看法,该部分的词数大约为 120。短文至少包括以下的内容: (1) 描述你的童年生活; (2) 你对童年时期的生活有怎样的认识。 【写作要求】 你可以使用实例或其他方法支持你的论点,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不要抄袭 材料中的句子。 【评分标准】 概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,篇章连贯。 【参考范文】 We know sometimes difficult conditions can really make a man,so parents should let their children eat bitter foods,do hard work and experience a hard life. I grew up in an ordinary family,which is not so well off. I could understand the hardships my parents were bearing at that time. Therefore,I work very hard now in the hope of entering the university and change the situation of my family and me. I think that in a certain sense,difficult situations can stimulate a person’s potential and pave the way for him to success. To make the child grow strong,parents should make him eat poor food,do hard work,and experience life in bad conditions,with which a child will value the labour and be capable of facing hardship. As the saying goes,“No pains,no gains.” It
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is obvious that the way one lives his childhood plays an important part in his development. If one is brought up in a family that is wasteful,he is likely to be lazy when he grows up. On the other hand,a child who lives a hard life in his childhood,learning that one must be independent and frugal to face challenge, is bound to be strong. All in all,no cross,no crown. Let’s face up to our responsibilities and spare no effort to fulfill our ambitions.

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