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【高考领航】2016届高三英语二轮复习 课时训练15 阅读理解+完形填空+语法填空+书面表达

训练 15

(建议用时 45 分钟)

Ⅰ.阅读理解 When I first heard about geocaching(地理寻宝),I was skeptical.But the more I thought about it,the more it seemed like an interesting idea.I at least wanted to try it once. Having familiarized myself with how the game works,I set out in search of my first cache.My trip took me through a series of lively hutong (胡同),past a number of small temples, and right into the courtyard of a quiet youth hotel.I spent several minutes looking around,but couldn’t find anything.Just before I was about to

give up,I spotted a colorful object in the crack of a wall.Could it be the hidden cache? At that moment a group of backpackers arrived.According to the

game’s rules,people who are not in the game must not be allowed to find out about secret caches.So I pretended to make a phone call while waiting for them to leave.When the coast was clear,I grabbed the object.It was the cache! I opened it and pulled out a crumpled (皱的) sheet of paper with several names and celebratory messages written on it.I added my own and replaced the cache in its hiding place,ready for the next geocacher to find. It may seem like a simple game,but the idea that there are caches hidden all around us is exciting.Once you’re hooked,it’s easy to set yourself the goal of finding every single cache in a neighborhood or even an entire city.The real treasure,however,is not the cache itself,but the places it takes you to. Hunting for further caches has since introduced me to places which I didn’t even know existed.Some are peaceful parks,while others are forgotten historical sites.A few caches have even been in places I passed regularly without giving them any thought.Now,I feel a much closer connection. 1.What was the author’s initial attitude to geocaching? A.He thought it interesting. B.He wanted to try it at once. C.He showed little interest in it. D.He found it unsuitable for him.


2.Where did the author find the cache? A.In a hutong. C.In a well. B.In a temple. D.In a hotel.

3.When a group of backpackers were approaching,the author ________. A.pretended to be cleaning the yard B.made a call to other geocachers C.didn’t allow them to come in D.tried to keep the cache secret 4.In what way does the author benefit from geocaching? A.He’s more familiar with the city. B.He has found much treasure. C.He has made more friends. D.He has mastered hunting. 【语篇解读】 本文讲述了通过地理寻宝作者去了一些未曾去过的地方, 加深了对这个城市 的了解。 1.解析:选 C。根据文章第一段的第一句可知,C 项正确。skeptical 表示“不相信的,持 怀疑态度的”。 2.解析:选 D。根据第二段的“and right into the courtyard of a quiet youth hotel” 和“I spotted a colorful object in the crack of a wall”以及第三段的“It was the cache”可知,D 项正确。 3.解析:选 D。根据第三段的第二句和第三句可知,根据游戏规则,没有参加游戏的人一 定不允许知道宝藏的秘密, 所以作者假装打电话是为了隐藏宝贝以防被别人发现, 因此选择 D 项。 4 .解析:选 A 。根据文章最后一段的第一句“Hunting for further caches has since introduced me to places which I didn’t even know existed”和最后一句“Now,I feel a much closer connection”可知,寻宝使作者接触到了一些他不知道的地方。现在,作者 感到与这些地方有了更近的联系。故选 A 项。 Ⅱ.完形填空 A wave of recent research has pointed to the risks of over praising a child.And it seems that how to draw a line between too little praise and too much has become a high?pressure __1__ act for parents. Self?esteem (自尊) serves as a kind of tool to measure how much children feel valued and accepted by __2__.This sensitivity to others’__3__ develops because of humans’need for social acceptance,which is considered to be __4__ to survival.As

early as age 8 ,children’s self?esteem tends to rise and fall in response to feedbacks about __5__ peers see them as likable or attractive.__6__,it can also be beneficial for kids to feel bad about themselves occasionally,if they behave in selfish , mean or hurtful ways , that might __7__ their ability to maintain relationships or hold a job in the future. In the past,many parents and educators believed that high self?esteem __8__ happiness and success,and kids could gain self?esteem simply by getting __9__ and awards from their parents,teachers and people around.But recently researchers have found self?esteem doesn’t __10__ these desired results.Instead,if parents praise their kids __11__,their selfesteem becomes focused on being very smart and being the best and being perfect.Building too much self?esteem of the children can not go as planned,making them feel __12__ later on when they hit setbacks (挫折). According to some experts,it can actually be good for kids to have __13__ self?esteem,at least once in a while.And praise can be __14__ if it disregards the world outside the home.Children who have a __15__ understanding of how they are seen by others tend to get recovered more readily __16__ disappointment , depression or the like.The best path is a __17__ road,helping children develop a positive but __18__ view of themselves in relation to others by praising them for the __19__ they invest and behaviors they are able to sustain,like “It’s that you’re working so hard on your homework.” 1.A.balancing C.forcing 2.A.themselves C.others 3.A.views C.favors 4.A.irrelevant C.important 5.A.when C.how 6.A.Indeed C.Therefore 7.A.improve C.change B.crashing D.embarrassing B.parents D.teachers B.envies D.blames B.similar D.sensitive B.whether D.where B.Otherwise D.However B.damage D.develop


8.A.promised C.purchased 9.A.support C.challenge 10.A.settle down C.give away 11.A.rarely C.constantly 12.A.worse C.better 13.A.high C.low 14.A.powerful C.grateful 15.A.practical C.basic 16.A.with C.about 17.A.straight C.middle 18.A.general C.different 19.A.talent C.money 20.A.necessary C.worthless

B.delayed D.ruined B.help D.praise B.work out D.bring about B.carefully D.casually B.stronger D.madder B.much D.little B.harmful D.stressful B.limited D.perfect B.to D.from B.smooth D.rough B.realistic D.negative B.time D.effort B.awesome D.awful

【语篇解读】 本文是一篇说明文。主要分析了是否给孩子们过多的赞美,这样是否有助于 他们的自尊等问题。 研究表明不应该给孩子们过多的赞美, 这样当他们遇到挫折的时候会受 到打击。研究人员认为让孩子们拥有低一点的自尊会更好。 1.解析:选 A。根据空格前面的 draw a line between too little praise and too much 可知,在过多的赞美和太少的赞美之间的平衡。 2.解析:选 C。结合后面的 This sensitivity to others 可知,此处指自尊是来自于其他 人的接受程度。 3.解析:选 A。根据后面的 because of humans’need for social acceptance 可知,人

类需要社会接受,此处指其他人的观点。 4.解析:选 C。指受到他人的接纳,对于一个人在社会中能够生存下去是非常重要的。 5.解析:选 B。结合后面的 or attractive 可知,是 whether...or 这个结构。 6. 解析: 选 D。 根据后面的 it can also be beneficial for kids to feel bad about themselves occasionally 可知,此处是表示转折的意思。 7.解析:选 B。从前面的 if they behave in selfish,mean or hurtful ways 可知,如 果他们的行为举止自私、 卑鄙和有害的话, 那么这会损害他们将来保持和他人关系等的能力。 8.解析:选 A。结合空格后面的 happiness and success 可知,过去很多父母和教育者认 为高度的自尊会带来幸福和成功。 9. 解析: 选 D。 与后面的 awards 并列, 指孩子们会通过得到 praise 和 awards 而获得自尊。 10.解析:选 D。与前面的人们的认识相反,but 起到了转折的关系,因此,此处指自尊并 不能带来那些预期的结果。 11.解析:选 C。从后面的 their self?esteem becomes focused on being very smart and being the best and being perfect 可知,如果父母总是夸奖孩子的话,他们会专注于变 得聪明、最好和完美。 12.解析:选 A。结合后面的 later on when they hit setbacks 可知,如果给孩子们太多 的夸奖,将来他们遇到挫折的时候,会感觉更糟糕。 13.解析:选 C。与上文的太多赞美对比,指也许孩子们拥有比较低的自尊会更好一点。 14.解析:选 B。根据后面的 if it disregards the world outside the home 可知,如果 赞美忽略外部的世界的话,会有害的。 15.解析:选 A。与前面的 too much praise 和 disregard 等呼应,指孩子们对于他人的看 法有实际的理解。 16.解析:选 D。与前面的 practical 呼应,指由于孩子们有实际的理解,因此会很容易地 从失望,抑郁等情绪中恢复过来。 17.解析:选 C。与前面的 too much praise 和 practical 等呼应,指中间的道路最好。 18.解析:选 B。与前面的 positive 呼应,指帮助孩子们形成一种积极但是符合实际的态 度有助于他们的成长。 19.解析:选 D。根据前面的 praising them for 可知是赞美他们付出的努力。 20.解析:选 B。根据后面的 that you’re working so hard on your homework 可知,此 处是一种赞美孩子们的话,因此选 B 项。 Ⅲ.语法填空 On Thursday Mrs.Clarke locked the door and went to the women’s club as usual. When she came home she sensed 1.____________ unusual.Had anyone got in? The back door and the windows were all locked and there was 2.____________ sign of forced

entry.Had anything been taken? She went from room to room checking and 3.____________ (find) her spare camera missing. The following Thursday she went out at her usual time,but she just took a short walk in a park nearby,came home through the back door and settled down to wait and see what 4.____________ (happen). It was 4 o’clock 5.____________ the front doorbell rang.Mrs.Clarke was making tea at the time.The bell rang again,and then she heard her letter box 6.____________ (push) open.Picking up the kettle of boiling water,she moved quietly towards the door.A piece of 7.____________ appeared through the letter box , and then a

hand.8.____________ wire turned and caught around the knob ( 旋钮 ) on the door lock.Mrs.Clarke raised the kettle and poured the hot water 9.____________ the

hand.A sharp cry was heard outside as the wire fell to the floor and the hand was 10.____________ feet. 【语篇解读】 Mrs.Clarke 发现自己家中被盗后,决心找出这个小偷,用她的智慧击退了 这位“不速之客”。 1.解析:考查代词。依据下文可知,她意识到有点儿不寻常。something 表示“某事”。 答案:something 2.解析:考查限定词。根据本句中的“The back door and the windows were all locked” 可知,没有破门而入的迹象。故填 no。 答案:no 3.解析:考查时态。本空所在句中的 and 连接两个谓语动词,第一个是 went,因此这里用 found。 答案:found 4.解析:考查时态。根据上文可知,她从后门进入,待在屋里,想看看将会发生什么,故 应用 would happen。 答案:would happen 5.解析:考查固定句式。“it is/was+时间点+when...”是固定句式,表示“某事在某 时发生”。 答案:when 6.解析:考查非谓语动词。此处表示听见某事正在发生,故应用 hear sth.doing;letter box 与 push 之间是被动关系,因此用 being pushed。 答案:being pushed 7.解析:考查名词。根据下文中的“wire”可知,小偷是用金属丝打开门的。故此处应填

(instant) pulled back,which was followed by the sound of running

wire。 答案:wire 8.解析:考查冠词。wire 在上文已经提到过,因此此处用定冠词 The。 答案:The 9.解析:考查介词。她把开水泼到了小偷的手上,pour sth. over/on sth.表示“把?? 泼到??上”。 答案:over/on 10.解析:考查副词。这里是用副词修饰“pulled back”。 答案:instantly Ⅳ.书面表达 假如你是高三学生李华,看到你校学生会(Student Union)组织的英语社团正在招收志 愿者参加冬令营活动的广告, 你有意参加, 请你根据以下提示用英语给学生会写一封自荐信。 内容包括:1.对志愿者活动的认识; 2.自我介绍:包括英语水平,相关经验; 3.表达希望。 注意: 1.短文须包括所有内容要点,可适当发挥; 2.词数 100 左右(开头和结尾已给出,但不计入总词数)。 Dear Student Union, __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ I’m looking forward to your reply. Yours sincerely, Li Hua 答案: Dear_Student_Union, After reading your advertisement for recruiting volunteers who want to take part in the winter camp,I want to recommend myself. I am Li Hua,from Grade 3.I have a good command of English,especially oral English.My three years’experience as a tutor has taught me that working as a volunteer can build up my confidence and enable me to develop my communication skills,which are

necessary in our social life. I sincerely hope to become a volunteer to broaden my horizons and get a better understanding of the world.I’d appreciate it if you could possibly consider my application. I’m_looking_forward_to_your_reply. Yours_sincerely, Li_Hua


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