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稳定地走上了富裕安康的广阔道路 Move steadily toward prosperity and happiness 不断探索和回答什么是社会主义、怎样建设社会主义,建设什么样的 党、怎样建设党,实现什么样的发展、怎样发展等重大理论和实际问 题 Constantly seek answers to major theoretical and practical questions such as what socialism is and how to build it, what kind of party we must build and how to build it, and what kind of development China should achieve and how to achieve it 党的基本理论、基本路线、基本纲领、基本经验 Party’s basic theory, line, program and experience 社会主义和马克思主义在中国大地上焕发出勃勃生机 Socialism and Marxism have shown vigor and vitality in China. 大踏步赶上时代前进潮流 Catch up with the trend of the times in big strides 符合党心民心 Accord with/echo the aspirations of the Party members and the people 尊重人民首创精神 Respect the people,s initiative/pioneering drive/creativity 提高全民族文明素质 To improve the educational and ethical standards of the whole nation 开辟了中国特色社会主义道路

Blaze a trail of socialism with Chinese characteristics open a path of... 形成了中国特色社会主义理论体系 Theoretical system of Chinese socialism 建设富强民主文明和谐的社会主义现代化国家 Make China a prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally developed and h armonious modern socialist country 实践永无止境 Practice knows no bound. 勇于变革、勇于创新 Make bold changes and innovations 不为任何风险所惧,不被任何干扰所惑 Fear no risks and never be confused by any interference 使中国特色社会主义道路越走越宽广 Broaden our path of socialism with Chinese characteristics 让当代中国马克思主义放射更加灿烂的真理光芒 Let the truth of Marxism of contemporary China shine more brilliantly. 马克思主义关于发展的世界观和方法论的集中体现 A concentrated expression of the Marxist world outlook and methodology with regard to development 同??一脉相承 In the same line as... 立足社会主义初级阶段基本国情

Fully recognize the basic reality that China is in the primary stage of soci alism 粗放性增长方式 The extensive mode of growth/inefficient model of growth 改革攻坚 Further reform in difficult areas 统筹兼顾各方面利益 Accommodate the interests of all parties 农业基础薄弱的局面尚未改变 The foundation of agriculture remains weak 思想活动的独立性、选择性、多变性、差异性明显增强 Become more independent, Selective, changeable and diverse in thinking 社会结构、社会组织形式、社会利益格局 The structure of society, the way society is organized and interests of diff erent social groups/and the mix of social interests 发达国家在经济科技上占优势的压力长期存在 Pressure caused by the economic and scientific dominance of developed countries will continue for a long time to come 从生产力到生产关系、 从经济基础到上层建筑都发生了意义深远的重大变化 Experience far-reaching changes in the productive forces and the relation

s of production, as well as in the economic base and the superstructure 人民日益增长的物质文化需要同落后的社会生产之间的矛盾这一社 会主要矛盾 Chinese society’s principal problem/challenge is the gap between the eve r-growing material and cultural needs of the people and the low level of s ocial production 当前我国发展的阶段性特征 The salient features of the current stage of development in China 妄自菲薄 Belittle oneself 自甘落后 Be resigned to backwardness 脱离实际、急于求成 Unrealistic pursuit of quick results 共同建设、共同享有的原则 The principle of all the people building a harmonious ...and enjoy its ben efits 着力解决人民最关心、最直接、最现实的利益问题 Spare no effort to solve most practical problems of the utmost and imme diate concern to the people 形成全体人民各尽其能、各得其所而又和谐相处的局面 Cultivate/foster an environment

in which all people do their best, are content with their lives/enjoy what t hey do and live together in harmony 提高改革决策的科学性,增强改革措施的协调性 Make decision-making more scientific and measures of reform better coo rdinated 全面提高开放水平 Improve the work of opening-up 把改善人民生活作为正确处理改革发展稳定关系的结合点 We need to improve...as we endeavor to balance... 全面把握科学发展观的科学内涵和精神实质 Fully appreciate/understand the essence of the Scientific Outlook on Dev elopment 把全社会的发展积极性引导到科学发展上来 Guide the whole society in pursuing development in a scientific way 把握经济社会发展趋势和规律 Follow the trend and the law of economic and social development

坚持中国特色社会主义经济建设、政治建设、文化建设、社会建设的 基本目标和基本政策构成的基本纲领 Uphold the basic program consisting of the basic objectives and policies for economic, political, cultural and social progress under socialism with Chinese characteristics

区域协调互动发展机制 A mechanism for promoting balanced and interactive development amon g regions 主体功能区 Development priority zones 法治政府建设 enhance law-based government administration 社会主义核心价值体系深入人心 Core socialist values are winning the hearts and minds of the people. 弘扬良好思想道德风尚 Promote moral integrity 建设生态文明 Promote a conservation culture 生态文明观念在全社会牢固树立 To foster public awareness of conservation culture 具有更高文明素质和精神追求 Raise ethical standards and have higher/lofty aspiration 对外更加开放、更加具有亲和力 Be more open and friendly to the outside world 为全面建成惠及十几亿人口的更高水平的小康社会打下更加牢固的 基础 Strengthen the foundation for building a well-off society of a higher level in all respects to benefit of over one billion people

建设创新型国家 Make China an innovative nation 国家中长期科学和技术发展规划纲要 Outline of the National Program for Long- and Medium-Term Scientific and Technological Development 突破制约经济社会发展的关键技术 Make breakthroughs in key technologies vital to China’s economic and so cial development 支持前沿技术研究、社会公益性技术研究 Support research in frontier technology and in technology for public welf are 建立以企业为主体、市场为导向、产学研相结合的技术创新体系 Establish a market-oriented system for technological innovation, in which enterprises play the leading role and which combines the efforts of enterp rises, universities and research institutes 引导和支持创新要素向企业集聚 Guide and support the pooling of factors of innovation into enterprises 科技成果产业化 The application of scientific and technological achievements in productio n 培养造就世界一流科学家和科技领军人才 Train / bring up world-class scientists and leaders in scientific and technol

ogical research 使创新智慧竞相迸发、创新人才大量涌现 Inspire creativity and bring forth large numbers of innovative personnel 推进信息化与工业化融合 Promote IT-based industrialization 具有国际竞争力的大企业集团 Internationally competitive conglomerates 加强农业基础地位 Strengthen the position of agriculture as the foundation of the economy 形成城乡经济社会发展一体化新格局 Make progress in integrating economic and social development in urban and rural areas 促进农业科技进步 Promote advances in agriculture-related science and technology 增强农业综合生产能力 Improve overall agricultural production capacity 壮大县域经济 Expand county economies 多渠道转移农民就业 Create more jobs for rural surplus labor force 提高扶贫开发水平 改革集体林权制度 Reform the system of collective forest use rights

坚持农村基本经营制度 Uphold the basic system for the rural economy 发展适度规模经营 Develop appropriately scaled operations 农民专业合作组织 specialized farmers’cooperatives 支持农业产业化经营和龙头企业发展 Support the industrialization of agriculture and the development of leadin g agribusinesses 把建设资源节约型、环境友好型社会放在工业化、现代化发展战略的 突出位置,落实到每个单位、每个家庭 Give prominence to building a resource-conserving, environment-friendly society in our strategy for industrialization and modernization and make every organization and family to act accordingly make poverty reduction more effective through development 开发和推广节约、替代、循环利用的先进适用技术 Develop and extend advanced and appropriate technologies for conservin g, substituting and recycling energy and resources 发展环保产业 Develop environmental conservation industries 促进生态修复 Promote restoration of the ecosystems

优化国土开发格局 Improve land development program 实现基本公共服务均等化 Ensure equal access to basic public services 西部大开发 Large-scale development of western China/China’s western development 促进中部地区崛起 Boost the development of the central region 突破行政区划界限,形成若干带动力强、联系紧密的经济圈和经济带 Break administrative divisions to form a number of close-knit economic rims and belts that will boost the development of the surrounding areas 帮助资源枯竭地区实现经济转型 Help transform the economies of areas where natural resources are exhau sted 增强综合承载能力 Increase the overall carrying capacity of cities 以特大城市为依托,形成辐射作用大的城市群,培育新的经济增长 极 Form city clusters with mega-cities as the core so that they can boost dev elopment in surrounding areas and become new poles of economic growt h 坚持平等保护物权

Ensure equal protection of property rights 深化国有企业公司制股份制改革 Deepen the reform to introduce the corporate and shareholding systems i n SOEs 增强国有经济活力、控制力、影响力 Enhance the dynamism, leverage and influence of the state sector of the e conomy 国有资本经营预算制度 Budget system for managing state capital 发展多种形式的集体经济、合作经济 Develop collective and cooperative economic operations in diverse forms 个体、私营经济 Self-employed and other private businesses/private economy 以现代产权制度为基础,发展混合所有制经济 Develop the economic sector of mixed ownership based on the modern sy stem of property rights

国庆 60 周年特色词汇英文 社会主义新农村 Socialist New Countryside 铁饭碗 Iron Rice Bowl

西部大开发 Western Development 小康社会 A moderately prosperous society 新型工业化道路 New Path of Industrialization 兴边富民行动 Program to Revitalize Border Areas and Enrich Residents' Lives 循环经济 Circular Economy 又好又快发展 Sound and Fast Development 抓大放小 Restructuring Major Enterprises and Relaxing Control over Small Ones 三资企业 Foreign-funded enterprises 三来一补企业 Enterprises of Three Import and Compensation Trade 农村土地承包制 Rural Land Contract System 农村税费改革 Rural Tax and Fee Reform

南水北调工程 South-to-North Water Diversion Project 绿色信贷 Green Credit 两限房 House of "Two Limits" 廉租房 Low-rent Housing 利改税 Tax for Profits 经济适用房 Economical Housing 金税工程 Golden Tax Project “三步走”战略 Three-Step Development Strategy “三农”问题 Issues of agriculture, farmer and rural area “三沿”地区开放 Opening-up of seashore, river shore and border areas 财产性收入 Property Income

菜篮子工程 Non-Staple Food Project 分税制 Tax Sharing System 家庭联产承包责任制 Household Contract Responsibility System 假日经济 Holiday Economy

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