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必修二unit1 cultural relics language points_图文

课标人教实验版 高一 Module 2 Unit 1

Reading

Warming up
Do you know what a cultural relic is?

Cultural relics are traces or features
surviving from a past age and serving to

remind people of them.

Look at the pictures below and discuss what they are and whether they are cultural relics or not.

Ming Dynasty vase

The Taj Mahal (In India)

ivory dragon boat

Mogao Caves (In China)

The Pyramids in Egypt

The Sydney Opera (in Australia)

?Have you ever heard of amber?

?Have you ever seen anything made of amber?

琥珀是史前松树脂的化石。琥珀是由千 万年前植物所分泌出来的树脂,经过地 壳变动而深埋地下,逐渐演化而成的一 种天然化石。形成于4000万年至6000万 年前,琥珀的主要成分是碳、氢、氧以 及少量的硫,硬度2-3,比重1.05-1.10, 熔点150C-180C,燃点250C-375C。琥 珀是很“涩”的物质,没有两块琥珀是 完全相同的。品种有金珀、虫珀、香珀、 灵珀、石珀、花珀、水珀、明珀、蜡珀 等,尤以含有完整昆虫或植物的琥珀为 珍贵 。

Raw amber with inclusions What is amber? What is this?

A picture of the Amber Room Do you know what picture this is? in St Petersburg in Russia

In Search of the Amber Room (Prussia)

琥 珀 屋
Catherine Palace
1709年,生性豪奢的普鲁士国王腓特烈一世命令当 时普鲁士最有名的建筑师安·休鲁达和戈·德恩着手兴 建“琥珀屋”(Amber Room)。完成后的琥珀屋面积约 55平方米,共有全由琥珀制成的12块护壁镶板和12个柱 脚,其上饰有银箔,可任意拼装成各种形状。在当时, 琥珀的价值为黄金的13倍,因此“琥珀屋”无论从材料 的贵重程度还是工艺水平来说都堪称稀世奇珍,曾有 “世界第八奇迹”之誉。 为了向俄国示好,加强两国间的军事同盟关系,腓 特烈一世在1716年决定将琥珀屋赠予俄国的彼得大帝。 1717年,琥珀屋被运抵俄国的圣彼得堡。后来,这座估 计价值1亿5千万英镑的艺术珍品又被运到了圣彼得堡郊 外沙皇村(后更名为普希金城)的凯瑟琳宫。 德国入侵前苏联后,凯瑟琳宫的工匠曾打算用纱和 假墙纸把琥珀屋遮盖起来。不过,攻占皇宫的德军识破 了伪装,将琥珀屋拆开运到了德国。人们知道德国人曾 把琥珀屋收藏在东普鲁士的哥尼斯堡,但自那以后就再 也没有人清楚它的下落。60年来,人们有过各种各样的 揣测,寻找,却始终不见其踪影。充满传奇色彩的琥珀 屋成了全世界最重要的失踪艺术品之一。

Careful reading
—Detailed information
1. The king of Prussia who gave the B Amber Room as a gift to Russia was___. A. Frederick I B. Frederick William I C. Peter the Great D. Catherine II

2. The king of Prussia gave the Amber C Room to Russia because_____.
A. he wanted to marry Catherine II. B. he was kind. C. he needed the help of Peter the Great D. he wanted to make friends

3. The Amber Room was stolen by___. B A. Russian soldiers B. German soldiers C. People in Konigsberg D. People in St Petersburg 4. In 1941, the city of Konigsberg was in ___. A A. Germany B. Russia C. Sweden D. France

5. The Russians didn’t hide the Amber Room because ______. C A. they were at war B. the couldn’t find a place

C. the German soldiers arrived too soon
D. no train could take it away

language points 1. survive (1) vi. 幸存,生还 , 继续存在

The custom has survived for thousands of years. Camels can survive for many days with no water (2) vt. 从…中逃生, 经历…后继续存在 Only ten people survived the fire.
Only two-thirds of the people survived the earthquake. survivor (n.) 幸存者 survival (n.) 幸存

2.in search of sth 搜寻,寻找 search for sth(目标) 搜寻,寻找 search sp (范围) 搜查某地 1)They started off at once in search ______the missing child . of
A 2) He ______ all his pockets but failed to find his ID. A. searched B. searched for C. in search of D. looked for

3.情态动词(could /might /must /should) +have done 表示对过去发生的事情的 推测,批评,反悔等意思 (1)can’t/couldn’t have done 一定

没做过sth; 不可能做过sth(对过去 情况的推测,语气较肯 ?eg. He couldn’t have gone abroad , as I saw him just now. ?他不可能出国了,因为我刚刚才 见过他

? (2) could + have done 也可以表示“本 来(过去)可以做到,但实际并没有做到”之 意(惋惜,遗憾) ? eg .You could have passed the exam. ? 你本能够通过考试的 ? We could have lent him the money but he didn’t tell us he needed the money .

? 我们本来可以把钱借给他,但他没有告诉我们 他需要钱。

(3)may/might have done ? ①表示对过去某事的推测,认为某一件事 情在过去可能发生了。如果使用might, 语气就比较婉转或更加不肯定。
? Mary might have learned some Chinese before.

? ②might have done可以表示过去本来可 以做到而实际没有做到的事情,有“劝告 ”或“责备”的语气。
? You didn't do the work well that day. You might have done it better.

(4)must have done
表示对过去某事的推测,认为某事在过去 一定做到 了(仅用于肯定句)。 Liu Dong isn’t in the classroom. He must have gone to the library. (5)should have done =ought to have done本应该做sth 但是事实上并没有做(对 已发生的事情批评责怪) You should have told us earlier .What shall we do now ?

(6)shouldn’t have done =oughtn’t to have done 本不应该做,但事实上做了(责怪,批评) You shouldn’t have cheated in exams. (7)needn’t have done 本没必要做但是做了 (对已发生事情的批评责怪) You needn’t have bought such a dear watch for her.

? --- Tom is never late for work. Why is he absent today? --- Something ___ to him. A.must happen B.should have happened C.must have happened D.could have happened

? He didn’t regret saying what he did but felt that he ___ it differently. A.could express B.would express C.could have expressed D.must have expressed

? ---I’m sorry. I ___ at you the other day. --- Forget it. I was a bit out of control myself. A.shouldn’t shout B.shouldn’t have shouted C.mustn’t shout D.mustn’t have shouted

? What a pity! Considering his ability and experience, he ___ better. A.need have done B.must have done C.can have done D.might have done

? She ___ have left school, for her bike is still here. A.can’t B.wouldn’t C.shouldn’t D.needn’t

I’m sorry I couldn’t get in touch with him before he left. I ____him earlier. A must have phoned B might have phoned C should have phoned D would have phoned

John’s score on the test is the highest in the class. He _____. A B C D should study last night should have studied last night must have studied last night need study last night

4. gift 礼物; 天赋

have a gift for …在某方面有天赋
He has got lots of birthday gifts.

He is a man of gifts. 他多才多艺。
The boy has a gift for music.

gifted (adj.) 有天赋的

5. belong to 属于,是…的成员, 是…的组 成部分, 是…的属性, 职能等 eg. All the goods here belong to the school.

Who does this garden belong to?
※ belong to 不用于被动语态和进行时态

6. in return 作为回报, 作为回馈 eg. 为报答约翰, 我们开车把他送回家。

In return, we drove John back home.
※ in return for 作为…的回报

eg. I bought him a drink in return for his help .

区分: in turn 轮流地, 依次; 反过来

7. serve as 用作, 充当,担任 That cup will serve as a sugar bowl.

serve 服务, 供职
serve in the army 服兵役

serve for 为谁服务
I have served for this company for 2

years.

? 8. Later, Catherine Ⅱhad the Amber Room moved to the Palace… ? ※ have sth. done 表示 “请人做某事” ? eg. I had my hair cut yesterday. ? eg. 我要请人修理单车. ? I want to have my bike repaired. ? ※ have sth. done 还可表示 “使遭遇某种 (不幸的)事情” ? eg. I had my watch stolen last night. ? He had his leg broken in the match last week.

have 的其他用法:

have sb do sth 让某人做have某事
have sb doing sth 让某人一直做某事 Mother had me clean the room. The boss had his workers working all day.

? 9. Almost six hundred candles lit the room. ? light vi.& vt. 照亮,点亮 ? 过去式,过去分词可用lit, lighted, 当过 去分词作定语修饰名词时,只能用 lighted ? a lighted candle ( √ ) ? a lit candle ( )

×

10. consider 认为,考虑
1) consider sb.(sth.) + adj. / n./to be /as…

认为sb(sth)是…
consider that-clause 认为…

e.g. He was considered(as/ to be) one of the greatest scientists in the world. She considers that it is too early to form a definite(确切的) conclusion.

2) consider (考虑) + n. / doing sth. + 疑问词 +to do sth. e.g. 我们正在考虑买一辆新车。
We are considering buying a new car.

e.g. 他正在考虑下一步怎么办。
He was considering what to do next.

Abraham Lincoln is generally considered _________ the greatest president of America. A. to be B. as C. / D. All of the above.

? His invention ___ of no use by the scientists of that time. A. considered being B. considered to be C. was considered to be D. was considered being

? Now that she is out of a job, Lucy ___ going back to school, but she hasn’t decided yet. A.had considered B. has been considering C. considered D. is going to consider

11.There is no doubt that ... 毫无疑问……

=We have no doubt that …
= No doubt that…

There is no doubt that we can finish our task ahead of time.
※There is no doubt about/of sth. 毫无疑 问…… =We have no doubt about/of sth. There is no doubt about/of his honesty.

doubt 也可作及物动词,“怀疑,不信”,

(1) doubt sth.
I doubt the truth of it. 我怀疑它的真实性。 (2) 在肯定句中常接whether / if 从句,在否定句 和疑问句中常接 that 从句

I doubt whether we can get the first place in the competition.
I don’t doubt that he will tell us the truth. Do you doubt that she will succeed?

1)--- What about my paper, John? --- Well-written! ___ you’ll get full marks. A.No wonder B.No doubt C.There is no wonder D.It’s no doubt

3) --- Lily is sure to win the oral English contest . --- But I doubt ____ she will make it . A. that B. whether C. how D. when 4) I have no doubt ___ they will be glad to see me.

A. if

B. whether

C. that

D. of

5) There is some doubt ____ he can do a good job of it. A.whether B. that C.what D.why
6)He never doubted ___ they would succeed. A.where B. whether C.when D.that

12. remain
1)Vi 剩余,剩下 ,停留,留下 remain (+副词 / 介词短 语) The children ate and ate until no food remained on the table .
After the party Judy remained and helped me do the dishes . 2)系动词:仍是,依然 remain + 形容词 / 名词 / 介词 短语(系表结构)

Peter became a judge but John remained a fisherman . The weather still remained warm in October.

3) remain + to do A lot of work remains to be done. It remains to be seen whether he will pass . 他是否通过考试仍不得而知 拓展 remaining adj. 剩下的(作前置定语)

注意:remain 没有被动语态 表达“留下来被 做”时用 sth. remains to be done The fact remains to be proved.事实尚待证明

Although he has taken a lot of medicine, his health ______ poor. A. proves B. remains C. maintains D. continues It was already past midnight and only three young men ______ in the tea house. A. left B. remained C. delayed D. deserted

13.be worth +钱数
be (well) worth + n/doing sth
这辆自行车值500块钱。

The bicycle is worth 500 yuan. 这个博物馆(非常)值得参观。 is(well) worth a visit. The museum_________________________. 这本书很值得一读。 This book is well worth reading. worth : n.价值 the true worth of one's friendship 某人友谊的真正价值

worthy: 值得的
be worthy to be done be worthy of being done be worthy of + n. The museum is worthy of a visit. 这个建议值得考虑。 This suggestion is worthy to be considered. of being considered.

worthwhile adj. 值得做的;可作定语和表语 It is worthwhile to do sth It is worthwhile doing sth
e.g.

It is worthwhile to do the job. doing the job. a worthwhile job. The experiment is worthwhile. worth reading. The book is __________________. =The book is worthy of being read = The book is worthy to be read = It is worthwhile to read the book. = It is worthwhile reading the book.

典型例题 It is not ____ to discuss the question again and again. A. worth B. worthy C. worth-while D. worth while

14. prove v. 证明,证实
1) vt. prove+ n./代词/从句 证明… e.g我们在战斗中证实了自己的勇气。 We have proved our courage in battle. 只要给我个机会,我会证明给你看。 Just give me a chance and I’ll prove it to you. 这证明我是对的。 This proves (that) I was right.

2) link-v 系动词 (此时无被动,无进行时) prove + (to be) n./adj. 被发现是…; 被证明是…(主动表被动) eg. Einstein’s theory proved (to be ) correct.
Premier Zhou _______ to be unforgettable in the hearts of the Chinese people. A. proved B. regarded C. thought D. considered

12. 区别:state, country, nation, 三个词都 表示“国家”: state则重于政权, country 则重于疆土, 而nation 则重于民族 ? Our ________ is larger than Japan. country ? Our Chinese ______ is playing an nation important role in the world now. ? Anyone who gives out the _____ state secret will be punished seriously.

15. 介词+名词 (表状态) at war/work/home/table on show/duty/sale/holiday/fire/watch in trouble/danger/battle/doubt under repair/discussion/construction

16. There’s no doubt that… There’s no need to do / for sth / sb There’s no possibility that… (It’s) no wonder (that)…难怪… (1) Do you doubt ____ she will succeed? that (2) I doubt _________ he will keep his if/whether word. (3) I have no doubt ____ he will win the that game.

17. remain (1) vi. 留下, 遗留 I went to the city, but my brother remained at home. (2) link-verb. 后接n. /adj. /介词短语/ 表位置的adv. My friend became a boss, but I remained a teacher. The death of the old man remained unknown. The problem remains to be discussed.

Nothing remains but to send the invitation out. (只要…就行了) It only remains for me to sign the paper that you gave me. (某人所要做的只是某 事) He bought a new book with the _________ (剩下的) 40 yuan. remaining =He bought a new book with the 40 yuan ___. (剩下的) left

[考例1] Although he has taken a lot of medicine, his health ______ poor. (上海2002春) A. proves B. remains C. maintains D. continues [点拨] remain 意为“仍然是”,后接形 容词作表语。prove 证明;maintain 维 持;continue 继续。

[考例2] It was already past midnight and only three young men ______ in the tea house. (安徽2006) A. left B. remained C. delayed D. deserted [点拨] remain 意为“停留; 逗留”。 delay 耽搁;desert 遗弃。

18. former a. 以前的, 从前的 Her former husband 她的前夫 n. 前者 Of the two possibilities, the former

seems more likely.

19. worth, worthy, worth-while都为adj. 意为“值得” ? worth: be worth + n. 当名词为金钱 时, 表示“…… 值得……” be worth doing sth. “…某事值得被做” The question is not worth discussing again and again.

? worthy: be worthy of +n. 当名词为抽 象名词时表示 “…值得……” be worthy to be done "某事值得被做" The question is not worthy to be discussed again and again.

? worth-while: be worth-while to do sth “值得做某事” It is worth while doing sth It is worth while sb to do sth.

I. 根据下列各句句意及所给单词的首字 母或汉语提示,写出该单词的正确形式。 1. The gloves were _______ (设计) for designed extremely cold climates. 2. I wouldn’t tell lies to you; that’s not my _______ (风格). style 3. The woman was delighted at the recovery of her stolen _______ (珠宝). jewels 4. There is no _______ (怀疑) that we doubt will be successful.

5. Reception (接收效果) of TV programs _________ is unsatisfactory here. fancy 6. I don’t f_______ walking in the rain. 7. The a_______ showed me his paintings. artist 8. He is very formal with everyone; he f_______ never joins in a laugh. honey 9. No bees, no h_______; no work, no money. 10. T_______ were sent to protect the Oil Troops Ministry against surprise attack.

II. 用所给单词的适当形式填空。 1. It was _______ (amaze) that he knew amazing nothing about the event. 2. That shop has a fine selection (select) _______ of cakes. 3. Our wooden (wood) sofa seems not _______ very comfortable. 4. We haven’t told our friends about our removal _______(remove) to London. artist 5. His dream of becoming an _______ (art) has come true.

secretly 6. Two leaders _______ (secret) flew to that country to solve the problem. 7. It is ________(doubt) whether he can doubtful carry on his tasks as president for the next five years. 8. Why is it that he _______(rare) rarely mentions his childhood?

III. 翻译 1.不到十分钟的时间他就完成了作业。 (less than) He finished his homework in less than ten minutes. 2. 你和我属于不同的班级。 (belong to) You and I belong to different classes. 3. 我送给他一份礼物以回报他对我的帮 助。(in return for) I sent him a present in return for his help.

4. 这个国家与邻国已打了两年仗了。(at war) The country has been at war with its neighbor for two years. 5. 毫无疑问他会来帮助你的。(there is no doubt) There is no doubt that he will come to help you.

6. 这所房子真的值得买。(worth) The house is really worth buying. 7. 商务信函应该用正式文体。(in...style) The business letter should be written in a formal style.

Homework
1. Remember the useful words and

Expressions.
2. Prepare for the next period.


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