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高考英语阅读七选五专题技巧及历年真题及答案(最新)

高考英语七选五专题
通读全文,了解文章大意。 通读答案,找出和文章相对应的关键词。 根据文章整体结构、具 体内容,结合关键词,将选项填入文中。 将所选答案代入文中,再次通读全文,重点考查逻辑关 系和关联结构。 研究多余选项,确定排除理由,最终确定答案。 ★★★ 出题位置 (a)句子(段首,段中,段尾 ,缺 1 句或 1 个以上的句子) (b)段落(一般是一段) 1. 如果问题设在段首 (1)通常是段落的主题句 认真阅读后文内容,根据段落一致性原则,查找相关的词,推断出主题句 (2)与后文是并列,转折,因果关系等。 着重阅读后文第一两句,锁定线索信号词,然后在选项中查找相关特征词,通常正确答案的最 后一句与空白后的第一句在意思上是紧密衔接的,因此这两句之间会有某种的衔接手段。 (3)段落间的过渡句。 这时要瞻前顾后找启示,即阅读上一段结尾部分,通常正确答案与上一段结尾有机地衔接起 来,并结合下一段内容,看所选的答案是否将两段内容连贯起来。 2. 如果问题设在段尾 (1)空白前的一句或两句是重点语句,重点阅读以锁定关键词。 (2)通常是结论,概括性语句 注意在选项中查找表示结果结论,总结等的信号词。Therefore, as a result, thus, hence, in short, to sum up, to conclude, in a word 等词语,选项中也可发现前文的同义词句。 (3)与前文是转折或对比关系 此时要注意在选项中查找表示转折对比的关联词,同时注意选项中所讲内容是否与前文在同一 主题上形成对立,对比关系。 (4)与前文是并列或排比关系 在这种情况下,通常是该段落要求补全说明本段主题的其他细节,因此,根据段落一致性原则, 在原文和选项中找到相关的特征词,通常选项中会出现表示并列或递进关系的关联词或与前文类似 的句式结构,或出现同义词等其他线索。 (5)所选答案是引出下一段的内容 如果在选项中找不出与前文之间的关联,此时可考虑与下一段开头是否有一定的衔接。认真阅 读下一段开头几句,看是否与选项的最后一句紧密连接起来 (6)如果第一段的段尾是空白,要认真阅读,看此处是细节还是主题 通常文章第一段要提出文章的主题,如果在段尾提出主题,会用一些信号词如转折词引出来, 正确答案应有这样的特征词。 3. 如果问题是一整个自然段 (1)这个段落应该是承上启下,而且自成一体,即有一个段落的中心,因此可重点阅读选项中 较长的选项,以此类推直至找到正确答案。 (2)着重阅读前一段结尾和后一段开头的一两句查找相关的线索,而且重要线索通常会在后一
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段开头,因此后一段开头往往比前一段结尾更为重要。 (3)分析段落之间的逻辑关系及内容的连贯性,注意段落间的衔接手段。将选项代入原文,如 果前后内容连贯,符合逻辑,就能得出正确答案。 ★★★ 基本技巧 一) 做题步骤 1. 阅读各个空的前后句,标记关键词 在阅读文章的开始部分、明确文章的基本话题以后,要阅读五个空各自的前后句,并将前后句 中的解题线索,即关键词标记下来。关键词包括句中的核心名词或名词词组(如带有形容词的名词 词组)、专有名词、时间数字、代词、连词等。 2. 阅读各个选项,尤其是选项的首句,标记关键词 3. 比较上述两类关键词,确定答案 4. 将确定的答案代入原文,看读起来是否通顺。 二) 判断方法 在标记了原文与选项的关键词以后,可以按照下列原则判断原文的空与选项是否匹配: 1. 词汇衔接 正确选项中的关键词一般重复前一句的关键词,也与下一句的关键词相呼应。 2. 逻辑衔接 正确选项与原文空之前的句子在逻辑上是连贯的。例如,前一句使用 although,那么正确选 项的内容应该与之相反。 3. 代词衔接 正确选项中代词之后的关键词一定在原文的前一句谈论过。例如,如果选项中说 this reward, 而且这一选项是正确答案,那么原文中的空之前的句中一定出现过 reward 这个词或它的同义词。 ★★★ 真题分析 (一)

Tips for cooking on a Tight Schedule From my experience, there are three main reasons why people don’t cook more often: ability, money and time. ____36____Money is a topic I’ll save for another day. So today I want to give you some wisdom about how to make the most of the time you spend in the kitchen. Here are three tips for great cooking on a tight schedule. Think ahead. The moments when I think cooking is a pain are when I’m already hungry and there is nothing ready to eat. So think about of the coming week. When will you have time to cook? Do you have the right materials ready? _____37_____ Make your time worth it. When you do find time to cook a meal, make the most of it and save yourself time later on. Are you making one loaf of bread? ___38_____ it takes around the same amount of time to make more of something. So save yourself the effort for a future meal. ____39____ This may surprise you, but one of the best tools for making cooking worth your time is experimentation. It gives you the chance to hit upon new ideas and recipes that can work well with your appetite and schedule. The more you learn and the

more you try, the more ability you have to take control of your food and your schedule.
Hopefully that gives you a good start. ____40___ and don’t let a busy schedule discourage you from making some great changes in the way you eat and live! A. Try new things. B. Ability is easily improved. C. Make three or four instead. D. Understand your food better. E. Cooking is a burden for many people. F. Let cooking and living simply be a joy rather than a burden. G. A little time planning ahead can save a lot of work later on. 答案:BGCAF (二)

E. Whatever the presentation, public speaking is tough F .The one thing you don't want is for them to fall asleep G. So trying to force a whole set of rules into it will just make things worse 答案:EBCGA (三) Evaluating Sources (来源) of health Information Making good choices about your own health requairs reasonable evaluation. A key first step in bettering your evaluation ability is to look carefully at your sources of healthy information. Resonable evaluation includes knowing where and how to fins relevant information, how to separate fact from opinions, how to recognize poor reasoning, and how to analyze information and the reliability of sources. 71 ______ Go to the original source. Media reports often simplify the results of medical research. Find out for yourself what a study really reported, and determin whether it was based on good science. Think about the type of study. 72 Watch for misleading language. Some studies will find that a behaviour “contributes to” or is “associated with” an outcome; this does not mean that a certain course must lead to a certain result. 73_____ Carefully read or listen to information in order to fully understand it. Use your common sense. Ifa report seems too good to be true, probably it is. Be especially careful of information contained in advertisements. 74 __ Evaluate “scientific” statements carefully, and be aware of quackery(江湖骗术). 75 Friends and family members can be a great source of ideas and inspiration, but each of us needs to find a healthy lifestyle that works for us. Developing the ability to evaluate reasonably and independently about the health problems will serve you well throughout your life. A. Make choice that are right for you. B. The goal of an ad is to sell you something. C. Be sure to work through the critical questions. D. And examine the findings of the original research. E. Distinguish between research reports and public health advice. F. Be aware that information may also be incorrectly explained by an author’s point of view. G. The following suggestions can help you sort through the health information you receive from common sources. 答案:GDFBA

Public Speaking Training · Get a coach 51 ,so get help. Since there are about a billion companies out there all ready to offer you public speaking training and courses, here are some things to look for when deciding the training that's right for you. · Focus on positives Any training you do to become more effective at public speaking should always focus on the positive aspects of what you already do well. Nothing can hurt confidence more than being told that you aren't doing well. , so good public speaking training should develop those instead of telling you what you shouldn't do. · 53 If you find a public speaking course that looks as though it's going to give you lots of dos and don'ts, walk away! Your brain is so full of what you're going to be talking about. 54 . As far as we're concerned, there are basically no hard and fast rules about public speaking. Your audience can be your friends. · You are a special person not a clone Most importantly, good public speaking training should treat you as a special one, with your own personal habits. 55 . Your training course should help you bring out your personality, not try to turn you into someone you're not. A. You aren't like anybody else B. You already do lots of things well C. Turn your back on too many rules D. Check the rules about dos and don'ts
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