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【步步高】2015届高中英语外研版(通用)【WORD题库】:专题九 时态语态

时态语态
1.—Sir,I'm here. —Please listen.I________asking your parents to come our school,but I'd like to hear your opinion first. A.have considered C.considered B.am going to consider D.have been considering

答案 D [句意:——老师,我在。——请听好。我一直在考虑让你父母来学校,但我 想先听听你的意见。have been considering 是现在完成进行时,表示从过去开始的一个 动作一直持续到现在并且还在进行。] 2.Hello,you________7856321.But I'm sorry,right now I'm unable to answer your questions. A.reached C.have reached 答案 C B.were reaching D.had reached

[句意:您好!您已拨通了 7856321。但是很抱歉,此刻我不能回答您的问题。

根据 I'm sorry 可知谈论的是现在的情况;根据语境可知“已经拔通”,所以用现在完 成时。] 3.—May I speak to Mr.Williams at five tomorrow afternoon? —I'm sorry.He________a conference then. A.attends C.would attend B.has attended D.will be attending

答案 D [考查时态。答句中的 then 指代的是 at five tomorrow afternoon,此处意为“明 天下午五点那个时候他将正在开会”,故应用将来进行时。] 4.—Did you telephone Uncle Sam our plan for the Christmas holidays on his farm? —Yes,he was happy about our arrival,and he eagerly asked when________. A.has we arrived C.were we arriving B.we had arrived D.we were arriving

答案 D [考查时态和语序。根据语境,此处应用过去进行时表示过去将来,表示的是 按照计划或安排将要发生的事情,故排除 A、B 项;又因 aked 后面的宾语从句应用陈 述语序,故排除 C。] 5.The teacher said we________ten lessons by the end of this term. A.should have studied C.have studied B.were going to study D.should study

答案 A [考查动词的时态。句意:老师说到这学期期末我们应该能学习十课。由句中 的时间状语 by the end of this term 可知,应用过去将来完成时。] 6.I hope her health______greatly by the time we come back next year.

A.improves C.will be improved

B.improved D.will have improved

答案 D [考查动词时态。by the time we come back next year 是一个表示将来的时间状 语,主句谓语动词表示在将来某一时刻以前必定完成的行为,应该用将来完成时,故选 D。] 7.—Hey,John!I________to meet you here. —Oh,yes.This is my first time to be at the Internet café .Do you often come here? A.haven't expected C.hadn't expected B.wasn't expecting D.didn't expect

答案 D [考查动词的时态。根据语意可知,此处表示在遇到之前没有想到对方会在这 里,故用一般过去时。] 8.—Have you met Mr.Li? —Yes.When I arrived,he________for Shanghai to attend a national conference. A.just left C.just leaves B.had just left D.was just leaving

答案 D [句意:——你见到李先生了吗?——是的。当我到的时候,他正要去上海参 加一个全国会议。根据 arrived 可知,其主句也应该用过去的某种时态,C 项不正确;A 项表示过去发生的动作,B 项表示过去的过去,这两项均不合句意要求,故被排除;设 空处表示过去将来的事情,故答案为 D 项。] 9.It's only six o'clock now;little Tom should be up,though,because he________for nine hours. A.has been sleeping C.has slept B.had been sleeping D.had slept

答案 A [由语境可知,睡觉的 9 个小时应该持续到现在,所以排除 B、D 两项,而且 在这 9 个小时里“他一直睡觉”,所以强调动作的持续进行,故 A 项最合适。] 10.—Good morning,Doctor White's office. —Hello,this is John Woods.Could you please tell Doctor White I________?My car won't start. A.was delayed C.am delaying 答案 B B.will be delayed D.would delay

[考查时态和语态。由语境可知汽车发动不了,我将会被耽搁,所以要用一般

将来时的被动语态。] 11.—Linda,the phone in your office can't be connected all the time.Why? —Oh,sorry,Miss Miles.The service________since last Wednesday.

A.has been stopped C.was stopped

B.has stopped D.had stopped

答案 A [考查时态和语态。 句意: ——琳达, 你办公室的电话一直不通, 为什么?—— 噢,对不起,迈尔斯小姐。自从上周三以来,电话服务就被中止了。根据句意可知电话 中止开始于过去,并持续到现在,故用现在完成时态,service 与 stop 为被动关系,故 答案为 A 项。] 12.—I called you last night,but nobody answered. —Oh,I usually________off my cellphone by 8:00 p.m.. A.switched C.switch 答案 C B.have switched D.had switched

[考查动词的时态。题干中有副词 usually,叙述答话人的生活习惯,因此这里

用一般现在时。答句句意为:噢,我通常在晚上 8 点关手机。] 13.—Our new teacher speaks English fluently! —Yeah,she________English in Oxford University for four years! A.studied C.was studying B.studies D.had studied

答案 A [考查时态。句意:——我们的新老师英语说得非常流利!——是的。她在牛 津大学修了四年英文呢!根据语境可知“our new teacher”现在并没有在牛津进修英文, 故设空处表示过去的事情,排除 B 项;设空处不表示过去进行的动作(过去进行时)或过 去的过去(过去完成时), 故排除 C、 D 两项。 本题易误选为 D 项, 考生误认为 for four years 与完成体连用, 实际上, 表一段时间的时间状语与完成体没有必然联系。 如: The meeting lasted(for)3 hours yesterday.昨天的会议持续了 3 个小时。] 14.Nowadays,we can obviously feel that the Internet________our life rapidly. A.had changed C.is changing 答案 C B.changed D.was changing

[考查时态。句意:现在我们能很明显地感觉到网络正在迅速改变着我们的生

活。根据语意和时间状语 Nowadays 可知用现在进行时。] 15.—Have you received your new shoes? —Yes.And at the same time I got the jacket I________. A.had ordered C.have ordered B.ordered D.order

答案 A [考查动词的时态。句意:——你收到你的新鞋了吗?——收到了。同时我还 收到了我订的夹克。根据句意可知 got the jacket 发生在过去,而“订购”这一动作则发 生在 got the jacket 之前,因此用过去完成时。]


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