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人教版高中英语必修一Unit4《Earthquakes》课件定语从句_图文

高中英语课件
(madeofdingshangtuwen)

Grammar

Declan is a famous singer. He sings the song tell me why. Declan is a famous singer whosings the song tell me why.

He is a little boy. He is eating.
He is a little boy who is eating.

? He is a popular singer whose song is popular among young people.
? He is a famous singer who is from Taiwan.

Proverbs
谁笑到最后谁笑得最好。 He wholaughs last laughs best. 结局好, 一切都好。 All is well thatend well. 真正的友谊犹如健康的身体, 失去时方知其可贵。 Friendship is like health, the value of which is seldom know until it is lost.

定语从句
在复合句中,修饰某一名词或者代词用作 定语的句子就叫做定语从句。被定语从句 修饰的词,叫先行词。 引导定语从句的关联词有:
关系代词:who,whom whose,which, that
关系副词:when,where

定语从句的位置 定语从句一定放在被修饰成分之后。
e.g. This isthe carwhich he bought last year. 先行词 定语从句
Do you know the man?
He spoke just now. Do you know the man who spoke just now?

whom指人, 在从句中作宾语, 可省略。
e.g. Do you know the man(whom)we saw at the Beijing Hotel?
The girl is from America.
I called her just now. The girl(whom ) I called just nowis from America.

which指物, 在句中作主语或宾语, 作宾 语时可以省略。 e.g. I’m not interested in the bookwhichhas just been published.

the red
the green apple
the small the big The apple which is red is mine.
The apple which is green is yours.
The apple which is red is small.
The apple which is green is big.

I have read the newspaper.
It carries the important news. I have read the newspaperwhich carriesthe important news.

I showed him the letter.
I received it this morning
I showed him the letter (which) I received this morning.

that指人或物,在从句中做主语或宾语, 作宾语时可以省略。
The house that I’m going to buy faces
south. They’re talking about the film.
I have seen the film. They’re talking about the film (that)
I’ve seen.

Jane has borrowed the book.
It was written by Laoshe. Jane has borrowed the book that was written by Laoshe.

* 先行词前有下列词语修饰时, 定语从 句必须用that引导。 all, every, any, little, few, much, no, only, very, the+序数词, the+形容词最高级
e.g. This is the cleanest parkthat you can imagine.
e.g. This is the only bookthat has been written in French.

e.g. He talked about the things and personshtheahtad visited in the city.
* 在who或which引导的特殊疑问句中, 限制性定语从句必须用that引导。
e.g. Who is the man that is standing over there.

*先行词在从句中作表语时, 限制性定 语从句通常用that引导。(常可省略)
e.g. She is no longer the girl that she was before she went to the country.

That is the new machine.
The parts of it are too small to see. That’s the machine whose parts are too small to see.

当先行词是one, ones, anybody, anyone, all, none, those 等, 指人时一般用who, 不用that。 Those who want to go to the cinema will have to wait at the gate of the school.
在以疑问词who开头的句子中, 或关系代 词在从句中作表语时, 用that, 不用who。 Who is the man that is shouting there? She is not the girl that she used to be.

3. 先行词是人, 从句中缺动词宾语或 介词宾语时, 用whom或that(介词 后不用that)。
The teacher wants to return the book to the girl from whom he borrowed it.

He is the student (whom, who, that) you want to see. 关系代词that, which , whom 在从句中作 宾语时可省略掉。但放在介词后面时则 不可省略。

*whose指人或物,在从句中作定语。 e.g. That’s the man whose house wasburned down.
The girl got first.
Her father had given us a report.
The girl whose fatherhad given us a report got first.

真题解析
1. The famous basketball star, __D__ tried to make a comeback, attracted a lot of attention. A. where B. when C. which D. who
解析:本题考察定语从句关联词的选择, 从句意可知先行词the famous basketball
star(著名的篮球明星)是人, 所以应用 表示人的关联词who。

2. (2006 北京) Women ___ drink more than two cups of coffee a day have a greater chance of having heart disease than those ___ don’t. A. who;/ B. /; who C. who; who D. /;/ Key: C
解析:本题考查两个定语从句, 这两个定语 从句都缺少主语, 在定语从句中, 如果是 关系代词做定语从句的主语, 关系代词不能 省略, 故答案选C。

3. (2006 福建) Look out! Don’t get too close to the house ___ roof is under repair. A. whose B. which C. of which D. that Key A 解析:whose在定语从句中做roof的 定语, 用于修饰house。

Choose the best answers:
1. This is all ____ I know about the matter. A. that B. what C. who D. whether
2. Is there anything else _____ you want? A. which B. that C. who D. what
3. The last place _____ we visited was the Great Wall. A. which B. that C. where D. it

4. Please take the second chair __ is over there. A. where B. which C. who D. that
5. Is oxygen the only gas __ helps fire burn? A. that B. / C. which D. it
6. Finally, the thief handed everything _____ he had stolen to the police. (NMET98’) A. which B. what C. whatever D. that

7. All of the flowers now raised here have developed from those ____ in the forest. A. once the grew B. they grew once C. that once grew D. once grew.
8. I don’t like ____ you speak to her. A. the way B. the way in that C. the way which D. the way of which

9. The weather turned out to be very good, ____was more than we expected. A. what B. which C. that D. it
10. He paid the boy $10 for washing ten windows; most of ____ hadn’t been cleaned for ten years. A. these B. those C. that D. which

Fill in the blanks with who, whom, whose, which and that.
1. The man _w_h_o_ I saw told me to wait. 2. The man tow__h_o_m_ I spoke was a
foreigner. 3. I know a boy _w_h_o_s_e_ father is an
acrobat. (杂技演员) 4. He saw a house w__h_o_s_e windows were
all broken.

5. All the apples _th__a_t fall are eaten by wild boars.
6. Can you think of anyone _th__a_t could look after him?
7. This is the best hotel _th__a_t I know. 8. He showed a machine w__h_i_ch_ parts are
too small to be seen.

基础练习
1. Is that the house __B__ you bought last year? A. where B. which
2. Is that the picture __A_ you are laughing at? A. which B.where
3. It is the most interesting book __B_ I’ll ever read. A. which B. that

4. The street __B_ is to the park is very narrow. A. where B. which
5. The person _A__ finds my watch will get a reward. A. who B. when
6. This is the room B__ we listened to the lecture. A. which B. where

7. The boy _B__ mother is ill can not come to the party. A. who B. whose
8. Tell me the reason _B__ you are late. A. which B. why

填空:

1. Look at that lady_w__h_o_s_ename is Pochi.

2. He is a teacher_w_h_o_m__/_th_a_tI like very much.

3. Those pictures_w__h_ic_h_/_th__atwere drawn by Tom are nice.

4. Those _w__h_o_ will go to the park stay

here.

that

5. That was all the money ______ I had.

6. Tom is the first boy _t_h_a_t_ left the room. 7. Look at the boy and his dog _t_h_a_t_ are coming this way. 8. You can read any book _t_h_a_t_ I have. 9. That was the year _w__h_e_n I went to America. 10. we came to the town, _w_h_e_r_e_ we stayed for 2 hours.

高考链接 1. It is reported that two schools, __D__ are
being built in my hometown, will open next year. (2007 四川) A. they both B. which both C. both of them D. both of which 2. We shouldn’t spent our money testing so many people, most of _D__ are healthy. (2007 北京) A. that B. which C. what D. whom

3. Chan’s restaurant on Baker Street,

__B__ used to be poorly run, is now a successful business. (2007 浙江)

A. that B. which C. who D. where

4. Human facial expressions differ from

those of animals in the degree __B__

they can be controlled on purpose.

(2007 重庆卷)

A. with which B. to which

C. of which

D. for which

5. Last week, only two people came to

look at the house, __D__ wanted to buy it. (2007 安徽)

A. none of them B. both of them

C. none of whom D. neither of whom

6. Eric received training in computer for

one year, ___B__ he found a job in a big

company. (2007 辽宁)

A. after that B. after which

C. after it

D. after this

9. Yesterday she sold her car, _D___ she bought a month ago. (2008浙江) A. whom B. where C. that D. which

翻译 1. 他指给我看他丢钱包的地方。 He showed me the place where he lost his
wallet. 2. 我不认识那个和你说话的女孩。 I don’t know the girl whom/that you
speak to. 3. 她是一个叫玛丽的女孩。 She is a girl who is called Mary.

4. 那些正在打网球的男孩是我的朋友。 Those boys who are playing tennis are
my friends. 5. 你记不记得我们到这儿的那一天?
Do you remember the day when we arrived here?

Homework
1. Finish the exercises on page 29. 2. Read the passage on Page 64.
Complete the sentences below, using who, whom, which, that or whose.