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2016年最新人教版必修5精品课件unit 1 great scientists-extensive reading_图文

Match the people with their achievement Da Vinci Don Quixote Galileo Cervantes Hamlet Free Fall Experiment Mona Lisa Shakespeare Copernicus ? 哥白尼(Nicolaus Copernicus, 1473- 1543), 波兰天文学家、日心说创立者, 近代天文学的奠基人。 哥白尼经过长期的天文观测和研 究, 创立了更为科学的宇宙结构体 系——日心说, 从此否定了在西方统 治达一千多年的地心说。 日心说经历了艰苦的斗争后, 才为人们 所接受, 这是天文学上一次伟大的革命, 不仅引起了人类宇宙观的重大革新, 而 且从根本上动摇了欧洲中世纪宗教神 学的理论支柱。“从此自然科学便开 始从神学中解放出来”, “科学的发展 从此便大踏步前进”(恩格斯《自然 辩证法》)。 ?哥白尼著有阐述日心说的《天体运行论》 (1543年出版), 由于受到时代的局限,在日 心说中保留了所谓“完美的”圆形轨道 等论点。其后开普勒建立行星运动三定 律, 牛顿发现万有引力定律,以及行星 光行差、视差相继发现, 日心说遂建立 在更加稳固的科学基础上。 Pre-reading We all know something about Copernicus. He was one of the first scientists to use mathematical observations to collect information. He believed the sun is the center of the universe and the earth and other planets goes around it. The chart on P.7 shows his theory. Copernicus’ Revolutionary Theory Birth: February 19, 1473 Nicolas Copernicus Death: May 24, 1543 Place of Birth: Toruń, Poland Career: 1491-1494 Studied mathematics at Krakó w Academy 1496 Went to Italy to study astronomy and law at the University of Bologna 1497 Began observations of the Sun, Moon, and planets 1514 Wrote Commentariolus, an outline of his astronomical ideas, but did not circulate it widely 1543 Published De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Celestial) Read through the passage, and tell whether the following statements are true or false. 1. At Copernicus’ time, Christian Church was in charge of many western countries. T 2. Copernicus noticed that observed from the earth, some planets appears in front of or behind the earth. F 3. Copernicus didn’t show his new theory to his friends until he completed it. T 4. His friends were not interested in his ideas. F 5. Since he was not afraid of being attacked by the Church, Copernicus published his book as soon as he finished working on it. F 6. Newton, Einstein, and Hawking are all scientists who made contribution to the study of the universe. T Read carefully again and try to draw the two theories of the universe. Before Copernicus’ theory Showing Copernicus’ theory A diagram showing the solar system with the Earth at its centre A diagram showing the solar system with the Sun at its centre Analyze the following picture carefully and try to explain how a loop is formed. Sample writing (P7) Dear Nicolaus Copernicus, I am a student studying astronomy and I would very much like to read your new theory about the solar system. I hope you w